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TECHNICAL

INFORMATION

BOLTING SOLUTIONS

RECOMMENDED TORQUE VALUE CHART


Use this chart as a guideline for the correct torque to be applied to standard size metric and imperial bolts in grades 8.8 (metric) and
ASTM A193 grade B7 (imperial) or similar. The torque figures are calculated in both metric (Nm) and imperial (lbf.ft) values using a
choice of three commonly used bolt thread lubricants. Always consider the coefficient of friction applicable for the chosen bolt lubricant.
For grade 10.9 bolts add 47% and grade 12.9 bolts add 72% to the figure detailed against the relevant A193 B7 or 8.8 grade stud bolt
size. Remember these torque values are for guidance purposes only! Always check the equipment/bolt manufacturer for the actual
torque required and specified for bolted components within the particular equipment design.

RECOMMENDED TORQUE VALUE CHART

ALL VALUES ARE BASED ON 60% OF THE BOLT YIELD STRESS

Bolt
diameter
(see note1)
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1.1/8
1.1/4
1.3/8
1.1/2
1.5/8
1.3/4
1.7/8
2
2.1/4
2.1/2
2.3/4
3
3.1/4
3.1/2
3.3/4
4

Nut
AF Size
(see note 2)
1.1/16
1.1/4
1.7/16
1.5/8
1.13/16
2
2.3/16
2.3/8
2.9/16
2.3/4
2.15/16
3.1/8
3.1/2
3.7/8
4.1/4
4.5/8
5
5.3/8
5.3/4
6.1/8

Bolt tension
(for grade ASTM A193 B7)

(see note 3)

Torque value (for grade B7 bolt) for specified lubricant


Moly: f = 0.06
Copper: f = 0.10
Machine Oil: f = 0.15
see note 4
see note 4
see note 4

kN

(lbs.force)

Nm

lbf.ft

Nm

lbf.ft

Nm

lbf.ft

57
82
115
171
224
282
349
422
501
586
680
780
1001
1250
1381
1655
1954
2279
2628
3003

13044
18559
25830
38555
50247
63487
78271
94602
112479
131904
152874
175389
225061
280917
310296
372024
439349
512269
590785
674898

99
170
270
401
574
790
1054
1370
1744
2180
2682
3256
4638
6361
8465
10988
13966
17438
21442
26015

73
126
199
296
423
583
777
1011
1286
1608
1978
2402
3420
4692
6244
8104
10301
12862
15815
19188

149
259
411
611
882
1222
1640
2143
2739
3436
4243
5166
7393
10183
13597
17699
22551
28218
34761
42244

110
191
303
451
650
901
1210
1581
2020
2535
3129
3810
5453
7510
10029
13054
16633
20812
25638
31157

211
369
587
874
1267
1762
2373
3109
3983
5007
6193
7552
10838
14960
20011
26088
33283
41692
51409
62529

156
272
433
644
934
1300
1750
2293
2938
3693
4568
5570
7994
11034
14760
19241
24548
30750
37917
46119

ALL VALUES ARE BASED ON 60% OF THE BOLT YIELD STRESS

Bolt
diameter
(see note1)
M16
M20
M24
M27
M30
M33
M36
M39
M42
M45
M48
M52
M56
M60
M64
M68
M72
M76
M80
M90
M100

Nut
AF Size
(see note 2)
24
30
36
41
46
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
130
145

Bolt tension
(for grade 8.8)

(see note 3)

Torque value (for grade 8.8 bolt) for specified lubricant


Moly: f = 0.06
Copper: f = 0.10
Machine Oil: f = 0.15
see note 4
see note 4
see note 4

kN

(lbs.force)

Nm

lbf.ft

Nm

lbf.ft

Nm

lbf.ft

51
85
136
180
219
273
321
387
443
519
583
702
809
947
1071
1230
1400
1502
1603
2078
2614

13509
21197
30543
40417
49116
61453
72075
86874
99617
116703
131157
157758
181917
221649
240948
276631
314641
337437
360234
467173
587739

87
171
294
425
582
775
1005
1284
1601
1978
2405
3054
3817
4689
5664
6788
8050
9458
11020
15731
21660

64
126
217
314
429
572
741
947
1181
1459
1774
2253
2815
3459
4178
5006
5937
6976
8128
11603
15975

133
259
447
653
890
1193
1541
1981
2463
3057
3708
4732
5907
7286
8786
10566
12570
14812
17305
24852
34389

98
191
330
481
656
880
1137
1461
1817
2255
2735
3490
4357
5374
6480
7793
9271
10925
12763
18330
25364

189
370
638
937
1275
1716
2212
2853
3540
4406
5337
6830
8519
10532
12688
15289
18221
21505
25160
36253
50301

140
273
470
691
940
1266
1632
2104
2611
3250
3936
5037
6283
7768
9358
11276
13439
15861
18557
26739
37100

1 = Bolt material grades 8.8 (metric) and ASTM A193 B7 (Imperial) or similar
2 = AF size is based on heavy series nuts
3 = Bolt tension equates to a bolt stress of 60% of the minimum yield strength
4 = Torque figures detailed are based on 60% of the minimum bolt yield stress

For grade 10.9 bolts, please add 47% to value stated for grade 8.8 bolts
For grade 12.9 bolts, please add 72% to value stated for grade 8.8 bolts

Head Office : Hi-Force Limited - Prospect Way - Daventry - Northants NN1 8PL - United Kingdom - +44 1327 301000 - daventry@hi-force.com
Hi-Force Australia Pty. Ltd
Hi-Force Caspian
Hi-Force Shanghai Ltd. Co.
Hi-Force S.r.l.
Hi-Force Hydraulics (Asia) S.B.

Australia
Azerbaijan
China
Italy
Malaysia

+61 8 9591 1288


+994 12 447 4100
+86 21 6697 3010
+39 0257 607 174
+603 5569 4209

Hi-Force Nederland B.V.


Hi-Force Hydraulics Pty Ltd
Hi-Force Aberdeen
Hi-Force Hydraulics
Hi-Force FZCO

Netherlands
South Africa
United Kingdom
Abu Dhabi U.A.E.
Dubai U.A.E.

+31 78 674 5488


+27 11 314 0555
+44 1224 973 512
+971 2 551 3100
+971 4 815 0600

TORQUE VALUE CHART FOR HI-FORCE HYDRAULIC TORQUE WRENCHES

Metric Imperial

TWH
MODEL
27N
NO
min 1 1/16"
2"
2 3/8 "
max 1 13/16"
min 24
50
max 46
60

TWH
54N

TWH
120N

TWH
210N

TWH
430N

TWS
17N

1 7/16"

2 3/4 "

2 3/16"

3 1/2 "

2 3/4 "

4 1/4 "

3 1/8 "

5"

2 9/16"

3 1/8"

3 1/8"

3 7/8 "

3 7/8"

4 5/8 "

4 5/8 "

6 7/8 "

36
65

70
80

50
80

85
100

70
100

105
115

80
115

130
175

Lbf.ft
1541
2311
3081
3851
4622
5392
6162
6932
7703
8473
9243
10013
10784
11554
12324
13094
13865
14635
15405

Lbf.ft
1679
2519
3358
4198
5037
5877
6716
7566
8396
9235
10075
10914
11754
12593
13433
14272
15112
15951
16791

Lbf.ft
3180
4770
6360
7950
9539
11129
12719
14309
15899
17489
19079
20669
22259
23849
25438
27028
28618
30208
31798

Nm

Nm
3303
4955
6607
8259
9910
11562
13214
14865
16517
18169
19821
21472
23124

PSI
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10000

Lbf.ft
191
286
381
477
572
667
762
858
953
1048
1144
1239
1334
1430
1525
1620
1715
1811
1906

Lbf.ft
223
334
446
557
668
780
891
1003
1114
1225
1337
1448
1560
1671
1782
1894
2005
2117
2228

Lbf.ft
390
585
780
975
1170
1365
1560
1755
1951
2146
2341
2536
2731
2926
3121
3316
3511
3706
3901

Lbf.ft
438
658
877
1096
1315
1534
1754
1973
2192
2411
2630
2850
3069
3288
3507
3726
3946
4165
4384

BAR

Nm

Nm

Nm

Nm

100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700

375
563
750
938
1125
1313
1500
1688
1875
2063
2250
2438
2625

438
657
877
1096
1315
1534
1753
1972
2191
2411
2630
2849
3068

767
1151
1535
1919
2302
2686
3070
3453
3837
4221
4605
4988
5372

UK Head Office
Hi-Force Limited
Prospect Way, Daventry
Northants, NN11 8PL
United Kingdom

Lbf.ft Lbf.ft
852 1042
1278 1563
1704 2084
2131 2605
2557 3126
2983 3647
3409 4168
3835 4689
4261 5210
4687 5730
5113 6251
5539 6772
5965 7293
6392 7814
6818 8335
7244 8856
7670 9377
8096 9898
8522 10419
Nm

Nm

862 1677 2050 3031


1294 2515 3075 4546
1725 3353 4100 6062
2156 4192 5125 7577
2587 5030 6150 9093
3019 5869 7175 10608
3450 6707 8199 12123
3881 7545 9224 13639
4312 8384 10249 15154
4743 9222 11274 16670
5175 10060 12299 18185
5606 10889 13324 19701
6037 11737 14349 21216

TWS
45N

TWS TWS
100N 150N

TWS
370N

Square Drive
1 1/2"

1 1/2 "

3 "
4

1"

Lbf.ft
3499
5248
6997
8746
10496
12245
13996
15743
17493
19242
20991
22740
24490
26239
27988
29737
31487
33236
34985

Lbf.ft
125
188
251
314
376
439
502
564
627
690
752
815
878
941
1003
1066
1129
1191
1254

Lbf.ft
329
493
658
822
987
1151
1316
1480
1645
1809
1973
2138
2302
2467
2631
2796
2960
3125
3289

Nm

Nm

Nm

Nm

Nm

Nm

Nm

6256
9384
12512
15640
18768
21896
25024
28152
31280
34408
37536
40664
43792

6883
10325
13766
17208
20649
24091
27532
30974
34415
37857
41298
44740
48181

247
370
493
617
740
864
987
1110
1234
1357
1480
1604
1727

647
971
1294
1618
1941
2265
2588
2912
3235
3559
3882
4206
4529

1438
2157
2875
3594
4313
5032
5751
6470
7189
7907
8626
9345
10064

2139
3209
4278
5348
6417
7487
8557
9626
10696
11765
12835
13904
14974

5285
7927
10569
13211
15854
18496
21138
23781
26423
29065
31707
34350
36992

Tel:
Fax:
Email:
Web:

2 1/2 "

Lbf.ft Lbf.ft Lbf.ft


731 1087 2686
1096 1631 4029
1462 2175 5372
1827 2718 6715
2192 3262 8058
2558 3806 9401
2923 4349 10744
3289 4893 12087
3654 5437 13430
4019 5980 14773
4385 6524 16116
4750 7067 17459
5116 7611 18802
5481 8155 20145
5846 8698 21488
6212 9242 22831
6577 9786 24174
6943 10329 25517
7308 10873 26860

+ 44 1327 301000
+ 44 1327 706555
daventry@hi-force.com
www.hi-force.com

REFERENCE TABLE BOLT SIZE TO NUT AF SIZE


Metric Bolts

Imperial Bolts

Socket cap bolt

Bolt Size

Nut Size

Bolt Size

Nut Size

Thread Size

Female Hexagon

inch

AF inch

mm

AF mm

mm

AF mm

5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1.1/8
1.1/4
1.3/8
1.1/2
1.5/8
1.3/4
1.7/8
2
2.1/4
2.1/2
2.3/4
3
3.1/4
3.1/2
3.3/4
4
4.1/4
4.1/2

1.1/16
1.1/4
1.7/16
1.5/8
1.13/16
2
2.3/16
2.3/8
2.9/16
2.3/4
2.15/16
3.1/8
3.1/2
3.7/8
4.1/4
4.5/8
5
5.3/8
5.3/4
6.1/8
6.1/2
6.7/8

M16
M18
M20
M22
M24
M27
M30
M33
M36
M39
M42
M45
M48
M52
M56
M60
M64
M68
M72
M76
M80
M90
M100
M110
M115

24
27
30
32
36
41
46
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
130
145
155
165

For more information on bolts,


flanges and the correct torque
or tensioning value, please visit:
www.boltright.com

Formula for distance across


corners of squares and hexagons

D = 1.1547 x d
E = 1.4142 x d

Metric sizes

M16
M18
M20
M22
M24
M27
M30
M33
M36
M39
M42
M48
M52
M56
M60
M64
M68
M72
M76

14
14
17
17
19
19
22
24
27
30
32
36
36
41
46
46
50
55
60
Imperial sizes

5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1.1/8
1.1/4
1.3/8
1.1/2
1.5/8
1.3/4
1.7/8
2
2.1/4
2.1/2
2.3/4
3
3.1/4

1/2
5/8
3/4
3/4
7/8
7/8
1
1
1.1/8
1.1/4
1.3/8
1.5/8
1.3/4
1.7/8
2
2.1/4
2.1/4

Head Office : Hi-Force Limited - Prospect Way - Daventry - Northants NN1 8PL - United Kingdom - +44 1327 301000 - daventry@hi-force.com
Hi-Force Australia Pty. Ltd
Hi-Force Caspian
Hi-Force Shanghai Ltd. Co.
Hi-Force S.r.l.
Hi-Force Hydraulics (Asia) S.B.

Australia
Azerbaijan
China
Italy
Malaysia

+61 8 9591 1288


+994 12 447 4100
+86 21 6697 3010
+39 0257 607 174
+603 5569 4209

Hi-Force Nederland B.V.


Hi-Force Hydraulics Pty Ltd
Hi-Force Aberdeen
Hi-Force Hydraulics
Hi-Force FZCO

Netherlands
South Africa
United Kingdom
Abu Dhabi U.A.E.
Dubai U.A.E.

+31 78 674 5488


+27 11 314 0555
+44 1224 973 512
+971 2 551 3100
+971 4 815 0600

METRIC TO IMPERIAL CONVERSION CHART


SI Unit
System International

Conversion
Factor

Imperial
Equivalent

Conversion
Factor

SI Unit
System International

Pressure

Bar
Bar
kPA
mPA

x 14.5
x 14.5
x 0.145
x 145

PSI
lbf.in
PSI
PSI

x 0.069
x 0.069
x 6.89
x .00689

Bar
Bar
kPa
mPa

Volume

cm
litre
litre
m

x 0.061
x 61
x 0.22
x 1.3

inch
inch
gallon
yard

x 16.4
x 0.016
x 4.54
x 0.76

cm
litre
litre
m

Area

mm
cm
m

x 0.00155
x 0.155
x 10.8

inch
inch
foot

x 645
x 6.45
x 0.0929

mm
cm
m

Length

mm
cm
m

x 0.03937
x 0.3937
x 3.28

inch
inch
foot

x 25.4
x 2.54
x 0.305

mm
cm
m

Force

N
kN

x 0.225
x 225

pound
pound

x 4.45
x 0.00445

N
kN

Nm
Nm
kgf.m

x 0.738
x 8.9
x 7.2345

lbf.ft
lbf.in
lbf.ft

x 1.356
x 0.113
x 0.1382

Nm
Nm
kgf.m

Mass

g
kg
t

x 0.035
x 2.2046
x 1.1

ounce
pound
ton (short)

x 28.3
x 0.4536
x 0.907

g
kg
t

Flow

cm/min
litres/min

x 0.61
x .2642

inch/min
gallon/min

x 16.4
x 3.785

cm/min
litres/min

kw
kw
w

x 1.34
x 0.948
x 0.74

hp
Btu/s
ft lb/s

x 0.746
x 1.055
x 1.36

kw
kw
w

Torque

Power

Temperature

To calculate Celsius to Fahrenheit


To calculate Fahrenheit to Celsius

UK Head Office
Hi-Force Limited
Prospect Way, Daventry
Northants, NN11 8PL
United Kingdom

(C x 1.8) + 32 = F
(F - 32) / 1.8 = C

Tel:
Fax:
Email:
Web:

+ 44 1327 301000
+ 44 1327 706555
daventry@hi-force.com
www.hi-force.com

TWSN Torque Wrenches - Square Drive


Working pressure 700 Bar, suitable for continuous operation
Compact, lightweight aluminium construction
Capacities up to 36,992 Nm (26,860 Lbf.ft), square drive sizes up to 2.1/2
Allen hexagon drives in both metric and imperial available as optional extra
Multi-position reaction foot with safety lock feature
IS and MS Impact Sockets - Imperial and Metric
Square drives from 3/4" up to 2.1/2
Across flat size up to 6.7/8 imperial and 145mm metric
High quality, heavy duty impact sockets
Sockets engraved with model number / size for easy identification
Long length, bi-hexagonal and special sockets are available on request
TWHN Torque Wrenches - Female Hexagon
Working pressure 700 Bar, suitable for continuous operation
Powerful, compact and low clearance design for easy fitment in confined spaces
Capacities up to 48,181 Nm (34,985 Lbf/ft)
Female hexagon ratchet heads from 24mm (1.1/16) up to 175mm (6.7/8)
Ratchet head easily removed (no tools required)

Backup tools

IB and MB Hexagon Reducer Bushes - Imperial and Metric


Reduces the female hexagon size of the ratchet head in the most economical way
Available imperial sizes from 1.1/16 up to 6.1/2 female hexagon
Available metric sizes from 24mm up to 130mm female hexagon
Wall thickness from only 2.0mm up to 17.5mm
Provides maximum flexibility against very limited investment
Backup Wrenches
Suitable for use with TWSN and TWHN hydraulic torque wrenches
Available in imperial sizes from 1.7/16 up to 3.7/8
Available in metric sizes from 36mm up to 100mm
T-Bar design adjustable reaction point prevents lock up during tightening procedure
Interchangeable female hexagon links

Torque pumps

Female hexagon
Reducer bushes
Wrenches

Square drive
Wrenches
Impact sockets

HI- FORC E TORQUE TOOL RANGE

Hydraulic Torque Wrench Pumps


Working pressure up to 700 Bar, with adjustable pressure relief valve
Air driven or electric driven versions
Two & three speed versions with automatic changeover and auto cycle option
Protective carrying frame with control panel fitted as standard
Complete with hand pendant controller

UK Head Office
Hi-Force Limited
Prospect Way, Daventry
Northants, NN11 8PL
United Kingdom

Tel:
Fax:
Email:
Web:

+ 44 1327 301000
+ 44 1327 706555
daventry@hi-force.com
www.hi-force.com
Cat. Ref. HFBS1411EN