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Cambridge Essential Mathematics / HOTmaths Integrated program


for the Australian Curriculum Year 8

1 Aims of the program and suggestions for use


Cambridge HOTmaths teacher and student subscriptions are available to bundle with the
Cambridge Essential Mathematics for the Australian Curriculum textbook series. This program
integrates the content of the two resources, suggesting which HOTmaths topics, lessons, widgets,
walkthroughs and HOTsheets could be used with the textbook topics. It is provided for the use of
teachers and students (and parents).
A Cambridge HOTmaths student account allows students to use the full range of HOTmaths
content in class or at home, and enables the teacher to use the PROGRESS TRACKER (a
learning management system) to monitor students work and topic quiz scores. (Parents can also
track their own childs work). This makes it an ideal homework and revision resource.
A Cambridge HOTmaths teacher account allows HOTmaths to be run on one computer in a
classroom, and is particularly useful when delivered via data projectors and interactive
whiteboards.
Examples of activities which can be done with
student accounts on individual computers at
home or in class:
Revisit work from earlier terms or years
where requisite prior knowledge is lacking.
Do a HOTmaths lesson as homework to
prepare for a lesson using the textbook.
Do a TOPIC QUIZ or a test from the TEST
GENERATOR (new in 2011) as homework
or classwork.
Do SCORCHER quizzes for homework, or
when other assignments have been finished
early.
Do a HOTmaths lesson to catch up on
missed work.
Revise and prepare for tests and exams
using HOTmaths lessons.
Try the alternative approach of an
interactive WIDGET or WALKTHROUGH
when having difficulty grasping a concept
or learning a skill.
Use the DICTIONARY to test and reinforce
understanding of mathematical terminology
and use the links provided to see
mathematical terms in use.
Match work to ability levels.

Suggestions of types of activities to do in class


(which can be accomplished with a teacher
account):
Revise work from earlier years.
Display an interactive WIDGET in class to
illustrate a concept.
After going through a widget, print out
multiple copies of an accompanying
HOTSHEET to work through
Display a interactive WALKTHROUGH
example for the class to suggest answers for
the embedded questions.
Use the TEST GENERATOR (new in
2011) to print out a test to do on paper
Display and discuss the HOTmaths lesson
notes as an alternative to the textbook topic
introduction.
Set advanced students to work as a group
on higher level HOTmaths activities while
the rest of the class tackles
foundation/standard work.
Set foundation-level students to work as a
group revisiting previous work (including
previous years) while the rest of the class
tackles other work.

Notes: The HOTmaths lessons contain other resources which teachers may prefer to use instead of
or in addition to those listed in this program. The lessons accessed via the HOTmaths/Essential maths
menu are selected from HOTmaths lesson database. The last column in the program shows the
names which the lessons have in HOTmaths standard menu.
Please notify any errors in this draft or provide feedback to: rparry@cambridge.org
The exact design and appearance of the menus and lessons may change.
Check periodically for updates to this program at:
www.cambridge.edu.au/hotmaths or www.cambridge.edu.au/go

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

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2 How to use the integrated program


From Term 1 2011, the HOTmaths menus will allow you to select Essential Maths and the year
level. You will then be offered a menu based on the structure of the textbook.
1

In the textbook, note the topic/lesson


number of the section you are in
(1.3 in this case).
The HOTmaths icon indicates there
is linked content for the topic.
Note:
The example on this page is taken
from Year 7

Log on to HOTmaths and choose


Essential Maths and the year level
and the chapter (topic).

Choose the lesson number.


Where more than one
HOTmaths lesson links to
a textbook lesson the latter is
divided into parts A, B, C, etc.,
as in the case of 1.3.

The matching HOTmaths lesson will open under the textbook headings:

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

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Notes
1

Purpose of this document Although it will not be necessary to use this document to

navigate to the right HOTmaths lesson, teachers should still check it for notes on the
widgets, walkthroughs and HOTsheets to use.
2

HOTmaths lessons For the Progress Tracker and other features to work, all widgets,

walkthroughs and HOTsheets have to be accessed from within HOTmaths lessons. In the
Essential Maths program these are the same as HOTmaths native lessons, as shown in
column 4 of the program. Having been written independently of the textbooks, they may
include some higher or lower level material.
3

Overlap between years HOTmaths content is structured on two-year levels whereas

the AC and Essential Maths is structured on single years, so some HOTmaths lessons
are used with both Year 7 and 8 of Essential Maths. In most cases this program suggests
an allocation of different widgets, walkthroughs and HOTsheets in a shared lesson to
each year, but there is also some repetition of resources.
4

HOTmaths questions and tests The questions and tests are based on the complete

HOTmaths lesson. Because not all of the lesson is aligned with Essential Maths, before
doing HOTmaths questions and tests, teachers are advised to check their scope and
levels.
5

Time allocation for the lessons This program is an integration of content rather than

time. The textbook and integrated program together contain more material than can be
covered in a year. HOTmaths lessons have been selected not for what will fit a the time
available, but for the fit of their content with the textbook content. Teachers will still
need to select material to fit the periods and homework time available. It is envisaged
that teachers might use the textbook more for some topics and HOTmaths more for
others, so that students are exposed to a balance of textbook-style and interactive
resources. The large size of the resource also ensures that all abilities and all learning
styles are catered for.
6

Frequent updates HOTmaths is a dynamic resource which is continually updated, and

during 2011 coverage of the AC will be strengthened, and this will be reflected in
updated versions of this program.

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

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3 Cambridge Essential Mathematics Year 8 / HOTmaths Integrated Program


Key (note that HOTmaths may be abbreviated to Hm)
NUMBER AND ALGEBRA Australian Curriculum strand

Widgets (interactives)

Number and place value

Australian Curriculum substrands

1.1 Number systems

Textbook lesson/topic numbers/titles, also


used in the HOTmaths Essential Maths
menu

Walkthroughs-interactive
examples-WT for short

Subtitle used where more than one


HOTmaths lesson links to textbook lesson

HOTsheets (worksheets)

A Egyptian & Mayan

Indicates some resources (yellow star) or all resources (orange star) of the lesson are
in Year 7 as well
6.2 Simplifying ratios

Grey shading and font indicates a textbook lesson, e.g. 6.2, that employs resources
from a HOTmaths unit already linked in the menu to a previous textbook lesson.

3.3 Operations with


negative fractions

Light yellow shading indicates a textbook lesson without a linked HOTmaths lesson
because, for instance, it is under development

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

CHAPTER 1: WHOLE NUMBERS


1.1 Whole number
A Add

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
NUMBER AND ALGEBRA Number and place value

Split and add robot

Notes

WHOLE NUMBERS:
Adding whole numbers

WT1 Total of three 3-digit numbers


Addition puzzles
B Subtract

Subtraction using trading


WT3 Use decomposition

WHOLE NUMBERS:
Subtracting whole
numbers

Subtraction puzzles
1.2

Whole number
A Multiply

Multiplying by 2 digits

WHOLE NUMBERS:
Multiplying whole
numbers

Tricks for multiplying quickly


B Divide

Recording division
WT2 Divide by 140 using short

WHOLE NUMBERS:
Dividing whole
numbers

steps
Division tricks

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

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Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
1.3 Number
properties
A HCF

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Finding the HCF


WT1 HCF of 3 numbers

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
EXPLORING
NUMBERS:
Highest Common
Factor (HCF)

Investigating HCFs
B LCM

Hundred grid
Overlapping multiples

C Cubes

WT1 Estimate a cube root

EXPLORING
NUMBERS:
Lowest Common
Multiple (LCM)
EXPLORING
NUMBERS:
Cube roots

Cube roots on the number line


1.4 Divisibility and
prime factors

Factor trees for 90


WT3 Discover values of mystery

EXPLORING
NUMBERS:
Factor trees

numbers
Listing factors
1.5 Negative
numbers

Positioning integers
Sorting integers

INTEGERS:
What are directed
numbers?

Graphing inequalities
Number line
WT1 Using the number line
WT2 Greater or less than

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

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Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
1.6 Addition and
subtraction of
negative
integers
A Positive
integers

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Integer cards
Integer card games

Notes

Lesson covers
negative and positive
integers

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
INTEGERS:
Add & subtract positive
integers

Using the number line


WT1 Evaluating expressions
WT2 Temperature

B Negative
integers

Exploring adding & subtracting


integers

INTEGERS:
Two signs together

Using number patterns & integers


Using embers and ice
Using the number line
WT1 Add negative to negative
WT2 Subtract negative from
positive
1.7 Multiplication
and division of
integers
A Multiplication

Expression calculator with

INTEGERS:
Multiplying integers

brackets
WT1 Train journey for multiplying by
a negative number

B Divide

Expression calculator with

INTEGERS:
Dividing integers

brackets
WT1 Division with integers

1.8 Order of
operations

Ordering operations with integers

INTEGERS:
Mixing the operations

WT2 Evaluate expression


containing powers and integers
Card game: Mixing it up

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

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Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

CHAPTER 2: LINES,SHAPES AND SOLIDS


2.1 Angles at a point

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
MEASUREMENT AND GEOMETRY Geometric reasoning
ANGLES:
Some angle
relationships

Combining angles
Angle theorems

WT1 Angles about a point


WT2 Using facts about angles
2.2 Parallel lines

ANGLES:
Angles in parallel lines

Parallel line angles


WT2 Use angle properties
Constructing parallel lines

2.3 Triangles
A Classifying

PLANE SHAPES &


TRIANGLES:
Classifying triangles

Triangle and term match-up


Triangle properties
WT1 Triangles from folded paper
WT2 Describe triangles using
information provided

B Angle sum

PLANE SHAPES &


TRIANGLES:
Angle sum of a triangle

Exploring triangles
It all adds to 180

C Exterior angle

PLANE SHAPES &


TRIANGLES:
Exterior angles of
triangles

Exterior angles of triangles


WT1 Determine size of exterior
angle
A proof

2.4 Unique triangles

Straw triangles
Constructing triangles

This lesson is based


on congruence rather
than unique triangles.

M.S REASONING IN
GEOMETRY:
Tests for congruent
triangles

Does it all add up?


Angle sum of a triangle
WT1 Use angle sum to determine
unknown angles

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 8 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
2.5 Quadrilaterals
A Angle sum

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Notes

It all adds to 360


Angle sum of a quadrilateral
WT1 Determine size of angle in a
quadrilateral

NB: A large number of


resources are listed for
lesson 2.5, with the
intention that a
selection will be made

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
EXPLORING
QUADRILATERALS:
Angles sum of a
quadrilateral

WT2 Use angle properties to


determine values of 2 pronumerals
B Trapeziums &
kites

Exploring kites
WT1 Properties of kites to

EXPLORING
QUADRILATERALS:
Exploring trapeziums &
kites

determine perimeter
WT2 Properties of isosceles
trapezium
Studying trapeziums
Studying kites
C Parallelograms
& rectangle

Exploring parallelograms
Exploring rectangles

EXPLORING
QUADRILATERALS:
Exploring
parallelograms &
rectangles

WT1 Properties of rectangles and


parallelograms
Studying parallelograms
Studying rectangles
D Rhombuses &
Squares

Exploring rhombuses
Exploring squares

EXPLORING
QUADRILATERALS:
Exploring rhombuses &
squares

WT1 Use properties of a rhombus


Studying rhombuses
Studying squares
2.6 Polygons

Polygon slices
WT1 Rule for angle sum in a

REASONING IN
GEOMETRY:
Angles in polygons

hexagon
Angle sum
Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

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Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
2.7 Solids
A Classify
Shape

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Cross sections

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
3D SHAPES:
Classifying solids

WT1 Name some solids


Solids around us
B Eulers rule

Describing 3D shapes
WT1 Check Eulers formula

3D SHAPES:
Faces, edges &
vertices

Eulers formula
CHAPTER 3 FRACTIONS, DECIMALS AND PERCENTAGES
3.1 Equivalent
fractions

Exploring equivalent fractions

NUMBER AND ALGEBRA Real numbers


Money and financial mathematics
FRACTIONS:
Equivalent fractions

Comparing fractions
Exploring equivalent fractions
WT1 Complete equivalent
WT2 Fractions in simplest form
WT3 Portions of a diagram
WT4 Portions of a group

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 10 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
3.2 Operations with
fractions
A Addition

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Adding unlike fractions


All the same pieces
Patterns when adding fractions

B Add mixed
numbers

Adding & Subtracting mixed


numerals

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)

FRACTIONS:
NB: A large number of Adding & subtracting
resources are listed for fractions
lesson 3.2, with the
intention that a
selection will be made
FRACTIONS:
Adding & subtracting
mixed numerals

WT1 Mental strategies to add


Combing or removing
C Multiply

Whole number fraction

FRACTIONS:
Multiplying fractions

Multiplying two fractions


WT1 Whole number fraction
WT2 Fraction fraction
WT3 Fraction of a length
D Multiply mixed
numbers

Multiplying mixed numerals


WT1 Using a mental strategy

FRACTIONS:
Multiplying mixed
numerals

WT2 Two mixed numerals


E Divide 1
(divide by simple
fractions

Comparing multiplying and dividing


fractions

FRACTIONS:
Dividing by simple
fractions

WT1 Divide whole no. by


WT2 Two methods to divide mixed
numeral by a proper fraction
WT3 Share cakes
F Divide 2
(division
involving
fractions)

Investigating reciprocals
Finding a method

FRACTIONS:
Divisions involving
fractions

WT1 Divide mixed numeral by


whole number
WT2 Length of a rectangle given its
width and area
Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 11 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

3.3 Operations with


negative
fractions
3.4 Understanding
decimals
A Place value

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)

Not covered in a single


lesson

Decimal Abacus
WT1 Words to numbers
WT2 Place value in subtraction

B Decimals to
fractions

Notes

Decimals to fractions
WT1 Fraction in lowest terms

DECIMALS:
NB: A large number of What is the point?
resources are listed for
lesson 3.4, with the
intention that a
selection will be made
DECIMALS
Changing decimals to
fractions

WT2 Mixed numerals


Whats with all the zeros?
C Fractions to
decimals

Different methods for converting


Changing fractions>decimals

DECIMALS
Changing fractions to
decimals

Matching fractions & decimals


WT2 Changing to a decimal
D Ordering

The numbers between

DECIMALS
Ordering decimals

Numbers between numbers


WT1 Filling the tank
WT2 Dots on the number line

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 12 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
3.5 Operations with
decimals
A Addition and
Subtraction

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Notes

Adding decimals
Decomposing decimals
WT1 Add decimals using columns

NB: A large number of


resources are listed for
lesson 3.5, with the
intention that a
selection will be made

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
DECIMALS
Adding & subtracting
decimals

WT2 Subtract decimals


Using patterns to add
B Multiply

Moving decimals places


WT2 Convert m to cm

DECIMALS
Multiplying & squaring
decimals

WT2 Decimal fraction of a day


Mind versus calculator race
C Divide

Moving decimal places


WT1 Divide by a multiple of 100

DECIMALS
Strategies for decimal
divisions

WT2 Divide decimal by decimal


Dividing into decimals
3.6 Terminating,
recurring and
rounding
decimals
A Rounding

Rounding off

DECIMALS
Rounding decimals

WT1 Round to 2 dp
WT2 Find an area and round
When should you round off?

B Recurring

Fraction to decimal converter


WT1 Record recurring decimals

DECIMALS
Introducing recurring
decimals

WT2 Rewrite fraction as recurring


decimal
Which fractions become recurring
decimals?

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 13 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
3.7 Percentages

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
PERCENTAGES:
Fractions/decimals/per
centages

Percentage/fractions/ decimal
connection
Ordering types of fractions
WT1 Compare and arrange
fractions, decimals and
percentages
Exploring the connection

3.8 Percentages
A Find % of

APPLYING
PERCENTAGES:
Percentage of a
quantity

Mental magic & manipulation


WT1 Discount on sale using mental
strategy
WT2 Calculate with different

B Express as %

APPLYING
PERCENTAGES:
One amount as a
percentage of another

What percentage is it?


WT1 Compare two percentage
savings.
WT2 One amount as % of another
with different units
This as a percentage of that

3.9 Decreasing and


increasing by
percentages

APPLYING
PERCENTAGES:
Percentage increase &
decrease

Increasing & decreasing distance


WT1 Use 2 methods to increase a
number
WT2 Increase then decrease by %
Compare the two methods

3.10 Calculating
percentage
change
3.11 Percentages and
the unitary
method

Not included as a
separate lesson. See
WT1 in lesson 3.8B.
Find the whole bar
WT1 Find full amount given a %

APPLYING
PERCENTAGES:
Finding the whole
amount

WT2 Calculate original cost price


Estimating the whole

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 14 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)

CHAPTER 4 MEASUREMENT AND INTRODUCTION TO PYTHAGORAS THEOREM


MEASUREMENT AND GEOMETRY Using units of measurement
NUMBER AND ALGEBRA Real numbers
4.1 Length and
perimeter
A Length

Length converter
WT1 Convert m to mm

HOTsheet Lengthy
challenges could be
used.

LENGTH,
PERIMETER & AREA:
Length

WT2 Record measurement on tape


measure
B Perimeter

Toothpick puzzle
Building perimeters

LENGTH,
PERIMETER & AREA:
Perimeter problems

WT1 Calculate the perimeter


WT2 Length of a rectangle from its
width & perimeter
4.2 Circumference
of circle

Filling the diameter on the circle


WT1 Find circumference given

CIRCLES &
CYLINDERS:
Pi and the
circumference

diameter
WT2 Calculate radius given
circumference
Estimating pi
4.3 Area
A Convert units

WT1 Convert km2 to m2


WT2 Convert hectares to km2

B Rectangles
and Squares

Comparing areas and perimeters


WT1 Calculate area of composite

LENGTH,
NB: A large number of PERIMETER & AREA:
resources are listed for Converting area units
lesson 4.3, with the
& estimating
intention that a
selection will be made
LENGTH,
PERIMETER & AREA:
Area formulas for
rectangles & squares

shape
WT2 Find length of square given
area
Explore area and perimeter

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 15 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
C Formula for
triangle

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
LENGTH,
PERIMETER & AREA:
Formula for area of a
triangle

An investigation of area
Investigating areas of triangles
WT1 Calculate area from base and
height

4.4 Area of special


quadrilaterals
A Parallelogram

Understanding the formula


WT1 Calculate area from base and
height
WT2 Perpendicular height given

NB: A large number of


resources are listed for
lesson 4.4 with the
intention that a
selection will be made

LENGTH,
PERIMETER & AREA:
Areas of parallelogram

area and base


Driving the formula
B Kite and
rhombus

Determining area of a kite


WT1 Calculate area of kite

PERIMETER & AREA:


Area of a kite &
rhombus

WT2 Calculate are of rhombus


Deriving the area of a kite
C Trapezium

Determining the area of a

PERIMETER & AREA:


Area of trapezium

trapezium
WT1 Calculate area of trapezium
Investigating the area of a
trapezium
4.5 Area of a circle

Estimating the area of a circle


WT1 Approximation of area of a

CIRCLES &
CYLINDERS:
Area of a circle

circle
Predicting the area

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 16 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
4.6 Sectors and
composite
shapes

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Areas of sectors

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
PERIMETER & AREA
Areas of parts of
circles

WT1 Area of sector from subtended


angle and circle area
WT2 Area of sector from radius &
subtended angle
WT3 Radius from area of sector &
subtended angle
WT4 Area of composite shape (two
semicircles)
4.7 Surface area of a
prism

Observing surface areas


WT1 Surface area of rectangular

VOLUME & SURFACE


AREA:
Surface area of closed
& open prisms

prism
WT2 Surface area of open
triangular prism
Surface areas
4.8 Volume and
capacity

Volumes of rectangular prisms


WT1 Volume of two prisms made of

VOLUME & SURFACE


AREA:
Volume, capacity &
rectangular prisms

metre cubes
WT2 Use the formula to find the
volume of a rectangular prism
4.9 Volume of
prisms and
cylinders
A Any prisms

Volume of any prism

VOLUME & SURFACE


AREA:
Volume of any prism

WT1 Volume of a pentagonal prison


WT2 Volume of a hexagonal prism

B Cylinders

Changing the volume

CIRCLES &
CYLINDERS:
Volume of a cylinder

WT1 Approximate the volume of a


cylinder
WT2 Approximate the radius of a
cylinder

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 17 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
4.10 Time
A Units

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Motions of the Earth & Moon

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
TIME:
Units of time

WT1 Convert 12-h time to 24-h time


WT2 Calculate seconds in a week
WT3 Number of days between
dates
B Calculations

Stopwatch

TIME:
Time calculations

WT1 Calculate & length of time


between two times
C Time zones

Time around the world

TIME:
Time zones

WT1 Use flight schedule to


determine times
WT2 Use time in one place to find
time in another
4.11 Introduction to
Pythagoras
theorem

Demonstrating Pythagoras
theorem

PYTHAGORAS
THEOREM:
What is Pythagoras
theorem?

WT1 Write the equation apply


Pythagoras theorem
WT2 Use Pythagoras theorem to
test for right-angled triangle
4.12 Using
Pythagoras
theorem

Length of the hypotenuse


WT1 Determine length of

PYTHAGORAS
THEOREM:
Length of the
hypotenuse

hypotenuse
WT2 Find distance between places
on map

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 18 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
4.13 Finding the
length of a
shorter side
A Any side

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Calculating the height up a cliff

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)

The lesson covers the


length of any side

PYTHAGORAS
THEOREM:
Length of any side

The unknown side in


the lesson could be
any side.

PYTHAGORAS
THEOREM:
Pythagoras, perimeter
& area

WT1 Use Pythagoras theorem to


determine a side

B Problems

Applying Pythagoras theorem


WT1 Find perimeter of a right
angled triangle
WT2 Calculate area of right angled

CHAPTER 5 ALGEBRA

triangle
NUMBER AND ALGEBRA Number and place value; Patterns and algebra

5.1 The language of


algebra

Expressions using pronumerals


WT1 Write expressions for

INTRODUCING
ALGEBRA:
Words in algebra

consecutive even numbers


WT2 Specific and general questions
Algebra translator
5.2 Substitution
A Introduction

Substituting into expressions


Substituting one value

INTRODUCING
ALGEBRA:
Substitution

Substituting two values


WT1 Substitute integers
WT2 Area of a trapezium
B Substitution
and equivalent
expressions

Equivalent expressions
WT1 Cups and counters

INTRODUCING
ALGEBRA:
Equivalent expressions

Equidominoes

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 19 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
5.3 Adding and
subtracting
terms

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Collecting like terms


WT1 Simplifying expressions

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
INTRODUCING
ALGEBRA:
Adding & subtracting
terms

WT2 Checking substitution


Magic puzzles
Addition & Subtraction squaresaw
5.4 Multiplying and
dividing terms

Multiplying and dividing terms


WT1 Simplify an algebraic

INTRODUCING
ALGEBRA:
Multiplying & dividing
terms

expression
WT2 Simplify expression with
addition and division
Algebra flowcharts
5.5 Adding and
subtracting
algebraic
fractions
A Intro

WT1 Use algebraic fractions

MANIPULATING
ALGEBRA:
Algebraic fractions

WT2 Simplify algebraic fractions


Picturing algebraic fractions

B Adding and
subtracting

Adding & subtracting algebraic


fractions
WT1 Add algebraic fractions with

ALGEBRAIC
EXPRESSSIONS:
Adding & subtracting
fractions

same denominator
WT2 Subtract one algebraic fraction
from another
Which common denominator?

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 20 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
5.6 Multiplying and
dividing
algebraic
fractions

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Multiplying algebraic fractions


WT1 Find product of 2 algebraic

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
ALGEBRAIC
EXPRESSSIONS:
Multiplying & dividing
fractions

fractions
WT2 Multiply algebraic fractions
with pronumeral in denominator
WT3 Multiply 2 algebraic fractions
with common factors
WT4 Divide algebraic fractions
Missing bits
5.7 Expanding
brackets

Expanding
WT1 Substitute to check

MANIPULATING
ALGEBRA:
Removing grouping
symbols

WT2 Using areas to check


Expanding
5.8 Factorising
expressions

Factorising using groups

MANIPULATING
ALGEBRA:
Introducing factorising

WT1 Complete factorisation 4


expressions
WT2 Factorise an expression
Factoronimoes
5.9 Applying
algebra

WT1 Prove 2 expressions are not


equivalent

MANIPULATING
ALGEBRA:
Linking algebra &
number rules

WT2 Check if 2 expressions are


equivalent
Where order matters
Relating algebraic calculations

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 21 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
5.10 Index laws:
multiplying and
dividing powers

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
INDICES:
Multiplying & dividing
terms

Multiplying and dividing with


indices
WT1 Simplify product of two terms
WT3 Simplify division of terms

5.11 Index laws:


raising powers

INDICES:
Powers upon powers

WT1 Simplify expression with a


numeric base and a power raised
to another power
WT2 Rewrite term with pronumeral
base and numerical index raised
to another power.
WT3 Expand expression in index
form with coefficient, all raised to
another power.
WT4 Combine index laws to
simplify
Checking solutions using index

rules
CHAPTER 6 RATIOS AND RATES
6.1 Introducing
ratios

What is a ratio?

NUMBER AND ALGEBRA Real numbers


This Hm lesson is
used for 6.1 and 6.2.

RATIOS & RATES:


What is a ratio?

WT1 Use ratios to compare


quantities of flowers
Ranking ratios
6.2 Simplifying
ratios

Go to 6.1
WT2 Simplify three ratios

RATIOS & RATES:


What is a ratio?

Matching ratios
6.3 Dividing a
quantity in a
given ratio

Sharing marbles

RATIOS & RATES:


Using ratios

WT1 Determine composition of


boys and girls in a class
WT2 Create a ratio to determine
unequal shares
WT3 Find amount of components of
cement

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 22 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
6.4 Scale drawings

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
RATIOS & RATES:
Scale expressed as
ratios

WT1 Determine the dimensions of a


house
WT2 Create a scale drawing of a
cubby house
Solve patterns by drawing a scale

6.5 Introducing
rates

WT1 Rate to calculate number of


cattle

This Hm lesson
RATIOS & RATES:
includes some material Introducing rates
relating to 6.6 and 6.7

WT2 Rate to calculate cost of filling


a fuel tank
WT3 Express loss of water as a
rate
Rate problems
6.6 Ratios and rates
and the unitary
method

Lesson 6.5 has some


material relating to 6.6

6.7 Solving rate


problems

Lesson 6.5 has some


material relating to 6.7

6.8 Speed

Racing cars

NUMBER
NOTATIONS:
Converting rates

WT1 Convert L/min into mL/s


WT2 Convert m/s into km/h
WT3 Convert g/m3 to kg/km3.
WT4 Convert kL/h into US
gallons/day

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 23 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
CHAPTER 7 EQUATIONS AND INEQUALITIES
NUMBER AND ALGEBRA Linear and non-linear
relationships
Apart from the
7.1 Equations
EQUATIONS &
WT1 Decisions about opposite
resources listed, the
review
INEQUALITIES:
rest of the lesson
operations
Working backwards
covers working
backwards.
What was the starting number?

7.2 Equivalent
equations

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Notes

EQUATIONS &
INEQUALITIES:
A formal approach

Equations crossword
Matching equations & solutions
Reversing the operations
Solving equations
WT1 2-step equation (multiplication
& subtraction)
WT2 pronumerals on both sides

7.3 Equations with


fractions

LINEAR EQUATIONS
& INEQUALITIES:
Equations with
fractions

Equations with two fractions


WT3 Equation with fraction on
either side
WT4 Equation with 3 fractions
What went wrong?

7.4 Variables on
both sides

Keep it balanced

WT2 in 7.2 also relates


to this lesson

EQUATIONS &
INEQUALITIES:
Keeping the balance

Add to the balance


7.5 Equations with
brackets

Techniques in solving linear


equations
Solving equations with brackets

LINEAR EQUATIONS
& INEQUALITIES:
Equations with
brackets

WT1 Solve equations with one set


of grouping symbols
WT2 Solve linear eq. with 1 set
grouping symbols multiplied by a
negative number
WT3 Solve linear eq. with 2 sets
grouping symbols
Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 24 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
7.6 Formulas and
relationships

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

WT1 Convert Celsius to Fahrenheit


WT2 Value of variable in formula

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
EQUATIONS &
INEQUALITIES:
Equations & formulas

A pyramid problem
7.7 Applications

WT1 Convert Celsius to Fahrenheit


WT2 Find the value of one variable

EQUATIONS &
INEQUALITIES:
Equations to solve
problems

in a formula
Have equation, will solve
7.8 Inequalities

Solving and graphing inequalities

EQUATIONS &
INEQUALITIES:
Introducing inequalities

WT1 Solve inequality & graph on


number line
WT2 Solve problem using inequality
Writing and graphing inequalities
7.9 Solving
inequalities
A What is an
inequality?
B Problems using
inequalities

Solving inequalities

Checking solutions to inequalities

This lesson comes


LINEAR EQUATIONS
from middle secondary, & INEQUALITIES:
so the walkthroughs
Inequalities
and HOTsheets may
be more difficult
This lesson comes
LINEAR EQUATIONS
from middle secondary, & INEQUALITIES:
so the walkthroughs
Extending inequalities
and HOTsheets may
be more difficult

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 25 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

CHAPTER 8 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS


8.1 Interpret
A Column
graphs

Exploring column graphs


WT1 Describe information in a

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY Chance;
Data representation and interpretation
DATA
Picture & column
graphs

column graph
Exploring column graphs
B Divided bar
graphs

Reading divided bar graphs


WT1 Divided bar graph using

DATA
Reading divided bar
graphs

simple proportioning
WT2 Questions about information in
a divided bar graph
Bars and data
C Sector graphs
(pie charts)

Reading sector graphs


WT1 Interpret sector graph

DATA
Introducing sector (pie)
graph

Going in circles
D Line graphs

Exploring line graphs

DATA
Line graphs

WT1 Water levels in a dam.


Reading and drawing line graphs
8.2 Frequency
tables and
tallies

Creating frequency tables


WT1 Use tallied results to create

REPRESENTING
DATA:
Frequency tables

frequency table
WT2 Create frequency table from
raw data
Frequency tables

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 26 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
8.3 Histograms

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Creating histograms and polygons

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)

The lesson also


includes frequency
polygons

REPRESENTING
DATA:
Histograms & polygons

WT1 Read information from


histogram
WT2 Create histogram & polygon
from table of data
Reading histograms
8.4 Measures of
centre

ANALYSING DATA:
Exploring the mean

Moving the mean


WT1 Calculate & compare means
WT2 Calculate new mean after one
more score added
Mean problems

8.5 Measures of
spread

Changing data
WT1 Find range, mode and median

Interquartile range not


included in lesson.

ANALYSING DATA:
The mode, median &
range

WT2 Complete three sets of data to


satisfy conditions
Measures of centre and spread
8.6 Surveying and
sampling
8.7 Probability

Not currently included


in HOTmaths, to be
added later
CHANCE:
Theoretical probability

Probability marble jar


Probability
WT1 Probability of a random event
WT2 Use collected data to
determine probability
Spreadsheet: Dice simulation

8.8 Multiple events

Not currently included


in HOTmaths, to be
added later

8.9 Tree diagrams

Not currently included


in HOTmaths, to be
added later

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 27 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
8.10 Venn diagrams
and two-way
tables
A Introduction to
sets and Venn
diagrams

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Creating Venn diagrams


WT1 Determine relationship

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)

Currently the lesson


SETS:
focuses on sets rather Comparing sets
than probability and
does not include 2-way
tables

between two sets


WT2 Venn diagrams: elements,
union, intersection
The language of sets

B Using Venn
diagrams

Currently the lesson


SETS:
focuses on sets rather Using Venn diagrams
than probability and
WT1 Identify sets, union of two sets does not include 2-way
tables
and complement of a Venn
diagram

8.11 Experimental
probability

Experimental
probability is not yet
covered as a separate
lesson
NUMBER AND ALGEBRA Linear and non-linear relationships

Shading Venn diagrams

CHAPTER 9 STRAIGHT LINE GRAPHS


9.1 The number
plane

The four quadrants


WT1 Give coordinates of four points

THE NUMBER
PLANE:
All four quadrants

WT2 Coordinates of hidden


treasure
Positioning points
9.2 Rules, tables
and graphs

Graphing y = 1 x

THE NUMBER
PLANE:
Graphs from equations

Graphing y = x/4
WT1 Complete table of values for
an equation
WT2 Graph an equation on the
number plane
How many points?
Graphing lines

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 28 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
9.3 Finding the rules
using tables

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
THE NUMBER
PLANE:
Equations from lines

Discovering the equation of a line


WT1 Determine equation using
three points on the line
WT2 Use graph & tables of values
to determine the equation
Equations from graphs

9.4 Gradient

NUMBER
PLANE:CALCULATIO
NS
Gradient using graphs

Calculating gradient
WT1 Determining positive, negative
or zero gradient
WT2 Gradient of interval from a
graph
WT3 Gradient of interval by first
plotting end points
WT4 Gradient using two different
points on a line
WT5 Draw a line given a particular
gradient
Exploring gradient

9.5 y = mx + c
A Reading the
equation

Comparing lines and equations


WT1 Determine similarities in
equations of lines

NB: A large number of


resources are listed for
lesson 9.5, with the
intention that a
selection will be made

NUMBER
PLANE:STRAIGHT
LINES
Reading the equation

WT2 Determine similarities of


equations of parallel lines
WT3 Determine the gradient yintercept from an equation
WT4 Determine whether two linear
equations represent parallel lines
WT5 Match a linear equation to its
graph
Comparing lines and equations

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 29 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
B Determining
the equation from
the graph

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
NUMBER
PLANE:STRAIGHT
LINES
Determining the
equation

Equation of line from the graph


WT1 Determine the gradient of a
line
WT2 Determine the equation of a
line through the origin
WT3 Determine the equation of a
line passing through two given two
points
WT4 Determine the equations of
vertical and horizontal lines
WT5 Determine the equation of a
line to predict a value beyond the
graph
What is the equation?

9.6 The x-intercept

WT1 Recognise & describe


intercepts

The lesson covers


slope and y-intercepts
as well

NUMBER
PLANE:STRAIGHT
LINES
Slopes & intercepts

WT3 Draw a line from its slope &


intercept
9.7 Applying linear
graphs
9.8 Non-linear
graphs

Applying linear graphs


not currently covered
as a separate lesson
Graphing a curve

Exploring types of
curves

NUMBER PLANE:
CURVES:
Plotting curves

WT1 Drawing a curve using a table


of values
WT2 Complete a table of values for
an exponential equation
Exploring types of curves

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 30 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

CHAPTER 10 TRANSFORMATION AND CONGRUENCE


10.1 Reflection

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
MEASUREMENT AND GEOMETRY
Geometric reasoning
TRANSFORMATIONS
& SYMMETRY:
Reflection & symmetry

Reflecting shapes
Lines of symmetry
WT1 Position of objects reflection
WT2 Determine axes of symmetry
Reflecting triangles

10.2 Translation

Translation
WT1 Decide whether diagrams

This lesson does not


include the number
plane or vectors.

TRANSFORMATIONS
& SYMMETRY:
Translation

represent translation
10.3 Rotation

Rotation

TRANSFORMATIONS
& SYMMETRY:
Rotation & symmetry

Order of rotational symmetry


Rotation patterns
WT1 Movements of hands of a
clock using degrees of rotation
WT2 Select the correct images that
show two specified rotations
Construct a pinwheel
Flipping and turning
10.4 Congruent
figures

WT1 Transformations that


superimpose shapes

CONGRUENT &
SIMILAR SHAPES:
Congruent shapes

WT2 Use congruence to determine


the size of angles, sides
In the world around you
Using transformation to show
congruence

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 31 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
10.5 Congruent
triangles

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Constructing triangles
WT1 Determine which congruency

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
REASONING IN
GEOMETRY:
Tests for congruent
triangles

test applies
WT2 Determine which triangles are
congruent
WT3 Use congruence to find side
lengths
Straw triangles
10.6 Similar figures
A Defining similar
shapes

WT1 Calculate angle sizes to


determine similarity

CONGRUENT &
SIMILAR SHAPES:
Which shapes are
similar?

WT2 Show similarity by comparing


triangle sides
Matching similar shapes
B Scale factors

Applying scale factors


Using a centre of enlargement

REASONING IN
GEOMETRY:
Scale factors for similar
figures

WT1 Determine scale factor for two


similar triangles
WT2 Determine the height of an
object
Using scale to estimate height
Scale factors and areas

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 32 of 32

Essential Maths 8
CHAPTER & lesson
(sections in
textbook)
10.7 Similar triangles

HOTmaths widgets, walkthroughs


and HOTsheets suggested for use
with Essential Maths

Notes

Equivalent TOPIC &


Lesson in
HOTmaths (Early
Secondary unless
stated)
REASONING IN
GEOMETRY:
Similar triangles

Similar triangle calculator


WT1 Determine whether triangles
are similar using their angle sizes
WT2 Use ratios of corresponding
sides to determine similarity
WT4 Use ratios in similar triangles
to calculate a side
Measuring the immeasurable

10.8 Congruence and


quadrilaterals

Congruence and
quadrilaterals are not
yet specifically covered
in HOTmaths

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011