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You are on page 1of 32

for the Australian Curriculum Year 8

Cambridge HOTmaths teacher and student subscriptions are available to bundle with the

Cambridge Essential Mathematics for the Australian Curriculum textbook series. This program

integrates the content of the two resources, suggesting which HOTmaths topics, lessons, widgets,

walkthroughs and HOTsheets could be used with the textbook topics. It is provided for the use of

teachers and students (and parents).

A Cambridge HOTmaths student account allows students to use the full range of HOTmaths

content in class or at home, and enables the teacher to use the PROGRESS TRACKER (a

learning management system) to monitor students work and topic quiz scores. (Parents can also

track their own childs work). This makes it an ideal homework and revision resource.

A Cambridge HOTmaths teacher account allows HOTmaths to be run on one computer in a

classroom, and is particularly useful when delivered via data projectors and interactive

whiteboards.

Examples of activities which can be done with

student accounts on individual computers at

home or in class:

Revisit work from earlier terms or years

where requisite prior knowledge is lacking.

Do a HOTmaths lesson as homework to

prepare for a lesson using the textbook.

Do a TOPIC QUIZ or a test from the TEST

GENERATOR (new in 2011) as homework

or classwork.

Do SCORCHER quizzes for homework, or

when other assignments have been finished

early.

Do a HOTmaths lesson to catch up on

missed work.

Revise and prepare for tests and exams

using HOTmaths lessons.

Try the alternative approach of an

interactive WIDGET or WALKTHROUGH

when having difficulty grasping a concept

or learning a skill.

Use the DICTIONARY to test and reinforce

understanding of mathematical terminology

and use the links provided to see

mathematical terms in use.

Match work to ability levels.

(which can be accomplished with a teacher

account):

Revise work from earlier years.

Display an interactive WIDGET in class to

illustrate a concept.

After going through a widget, print out

multiple copies of an accompanying

HOTSHEET to work through

Display a interactive WALKTHROUGH

example for the class to suggest answers for

the embedded questions.

Use the TEST GENERATOR (new in

2011) to print out a test to do on paper

Display and discuss the HOTmaths lesson

notes as an alternative to the textbook topic

introduction.

Set advanced students to work as a group

on higher level HOTmaths activities while

the rest of the class tackles

foundation/standard work.

Set foundation-level students to work as a

group revisiting previous work (including

previous years) while the rest of the class

tackles other work.

Notes: The HOTmaths lessons contain other resources which teachers may prefer to use instead of

or in addition to those listed in this program. The lessons accessed via the HOTmaths/Essential maths

menu are selected from HOTmaths lesson database. The last column in the program shows the

names which the lessons have in HOTmaths standard menu.

Please notify any errors in this draft or provide feedback to: rparry@cambridge.org

The exact design and appearance of the menus and lessons may change.

Check periodically for updates to this program at:

www.cambridge.edu.au/hotmaths or www.cambridge.edu.au/go

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 2 of 32

From Term 1 2011, the HOTmaths menus will allow you to select Essential Maths and the year

level. You will then be offered a menu based on the structure of the textbook.

1

number of the section you are in

(1.3 in this case).

The HOTmaths icon indicates there

is linked content for the topic.

Note:

The example on this page is taken

from Year 7

Essential Maths and the year level

and the chapter (topic).

Where more than one

HOTmaths lesson links to

a textbook lesson the latter is

divided into parts A, B, C, etc.,

as in the case of 1.3.

The matching HOTmaths lesson will open under the textbook headings:

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 3 of 32

Notes

1

Purpose of this document Although it will not be necessary to use this document to

navigate to the right HOTmaths lesson, teachers should still check it for notes on the

widgets, walkthroughs and HOTsheets to use.

2

HOTmaths lessons For the Progress Tracker and other features to work, all widgets,

walkthroughs and HOTsheets have to be accessed from within HOTmaths lessons. In the

Essential Maths program these are the same as HOTmaths native lessons, as shown in

column 4 of the program. Having been written independently of the textbooks, they may

include some higher or lower level material.

3

the AC and Essential Maths is structured on single years, so some HOTmaths lessons

are used with both Year 7 and 8 of Essential Maths. In most cases this program suggests

an allocation of different widgets, walkthroughs and HOTsheets in a shared lesson to

each year, but there is also some repetition of resources.

4

HOTmaths questions and tests The questions and tests are based on the complete

HOTmaths lesson. Because not all of the lesson is aligned with Essential Maths, before

doing HOTmaths questions and tests, teachers are advised to check their scope and

levels.

5

Time allocation for the lessons This program is an integration of content rather than

time. The textbook and integrated program together contain more material than can be

covered in a year. HOTmaths lessons have been selected not for what will fit a the time

available, but for the fit of their content with the textbook content. Teachers will still

need to select material to fit the periods and homework time available. It is envisaged

that teachers might use the textbook more for some topics and HOTmaths more for

others, so that students are exposed to a balance of textbook-style and interactive

resources. The large size of the resource also ensures that all abilities and all learning

styles are catered for.

6

during 2011 coverage of the AC will be strengthened, and this will be reflected in

updated versions of this program.

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 4 of 32

Key (note that HOTmaths may be abbreviated to Hm)

NUMBER AND ALGEBRA Australian Curriculum strand

Widgets (interactives)

used in the HOTmaths Essential Maths

menu

Walkthroughs-interactive

examples-WT for short

HOTmaths lesson links to textbook lesson

HOTsheets (worksheets)

Indicates some resources (yellow star) or all resources (orange star) of the lesson are

in Year 7 as well

6.2 Simplifying ratios

Grey shading and font indicates a textbook lesson, e.g. 6.2, that employs resources

from a HOTmaths unit already linked in the menu to a previous textbook lesson.

negative fractions

Light yellow shading indicates a textbook lesson without a linked HOTmaths lesson

because, for instance, it is under development

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

1.1 Whole number

A Add

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

NUMBER AND ALGEBRA Number and place value

Notes

WHOLE NUMBERS:

Adding whole numbers

Addition puzzles

B Subtract

WT3 Use decomposition

WHOLE NUMBERS:

Subtracting whole

numbers

Subtraction puzzles

1.2

Whole number

A Multiply

Multiplying by 2 digits

WHOLE NUMBERS:

Multiplying whole

numbers

B Divide

Recording division

WT2 Divide by 140 using short

WHOLE NUMBERS:

Dividing whole

numbers

steps

Division tricks

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 5 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

1.3 Number

properties

A HCF

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

WT1 HCF of 3 numbers

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

EXPLORING

NUMBERS:

Highest Common

Factor (HCF)

Investigating HCFs

B LCM

Hundred grid

Overlapping multiples

C Cubes

EXPLORING

NUMBERS:

Lowest Common

Multiple (LCM)

EXPLORING

NUMBERS:

Cube roots

1.4 Divisibility and

prime factors

WT3 Discover values of mystery

EXPLORING

NUMBERS:

Factor trees

numbers

Listing factors

1.5 Negative

numbers

Positioning integers

Sorting integers

INTEGERS:

What are directed

numbers?

Graphing inequalities

Number line

WT1 Using the number line

WT2 Greater or less than

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 6 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

1.6 Addition and

subtraction of

negative

integers

A Positive

integers

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Integer cards

Integer card games

Notes

Lesson covers

negative and positive

integers

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

INTEGERS:

Add & subtract positive

integers

WT1 Evaluating expressions

WT2 Temperature

B Negative

integers

integers

INTEGERS:

Two signs together

Using embers and ice

Using the number line

WT1 Add negative to negative

WT2 Subtract negative from

positive

1.7 Multiplication

and division of

integers

A Multiplication

INTEGERS:

Multiplying integers

brackets

WT1 Train journey for multiplying by

a negative number

B Divide

INTEGERS:

Dividing integers

brackets

WT1 Division with integers

1.8 Order of

operations

INTEGERS:

Mixing the operations

containing powers and integers

Card game: Mixing it up

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 7 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

2.1 Angles at a point

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

MEASUREMENT AND GEOMETRY Geometric reasoning

ANGLES:

Some angle

relationships

Combining angles

Angle theorems

WT2 Using facts about angles

2.2 Parallel lines

ANGLES:

Angles in parallel lines

WT2 Use angle properties

Constructing parallel lines

2.3 Triangles

A Classifying

TRIANGLES:

Classifying triangles

Triangle properties

WT1 Triangles from folded paper

WT2 Describe triangles using

information provided

B Angle sum

TRIANGLES:

Angle sum of a triangle

Exploring triangles

It all adds to 180

C Exterior angle

TRIANGLES:

Exterior angles of

triangles

WT1 Determine size of exterior

angle

A proof

Straw triangles

Constructing triangles

on congruence rather

than unique triangles.

M.S REASONING IN

GEOMETRY:

Tests for congruent

triangles

Angle sum of a triangle

WT1 Use angle sum to determine

unknown angles

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 8 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

2.5 Quadrilaterals

A Angle sum

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Notes

Angle sum of a quadrilateral

WT1 Determine size of angle in a

quadrilateral

resources are listed for

lesson 2.5, with the

intention that a

selection will be made

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

EXPLORING

QUADRILATERALS:

Angles sum of a

quadrilateral

determine values of 2 pronumerals

B Trapeziums &

kites

Exploring kites

WT1 Properties of kites to

EXPLORING

QUADRILATERALS:

Exploring trapeziums &

kites

determine perimeter

WT2 Properties of isosceles

trapezium

Studying trapeziums

Studying kites

C Parallelograms

& rectangle

Exploring parallelograms

Exploring rectangles

EXPLORING

QUADRILATERALS:

Exploring

parallelograms &

rectangles

parallelograms

Studying parallelograms

Studying rectangles

D Rhombuses &

Squares

Exploring rhombuses

Exploring squares

EXPLORING

QUADRILATERALS:

Exploring rhombuses &

squares

Studying rhombuses

Studying squares

2.6 Polygons

Polygon slices

WT1 Rule for angle sum in a

REASONING IN

GEOMETRY:

Angles in polygons

hexagon

Angle sum

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 9 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

2.7 Solids

A Classify

Shape

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Cross sections

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

3D SHAPES:

Classifying solids

Solids around us

B Eulers rule

Describing 3D shapes

WT1 Check Eulers formula

3D SHAPES:

Faces, edges &

vertices

Eulers formula

CHAPTER 3 FRACTIONS, DECIMALS AND PERCENTAGES

3.1 Equivalent

fractions

Money and financial mathematics

FRACTIONS:

Equivalent fractions

Comparing fractions

Exploring equivalent fractions

WT1 Complete equivalent

WT2 Fractions in simplest form

WT3 Portions of a diagram

WT4 Portions of a group

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 10 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

3.2 Operations with

fractions

A Addition

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

All the same pieces

Patterns when adding fractions

B Add mixed

numbers

numerals

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

FRACTIONS:

NB: A large number of Adding & subtracting

resources are listed for fractions

lesson 3.2, with the

intention that a

selection will be made

FRACTIONS:

Adding & subtracting

mixed numerals

Combing or removing

C Multiply

FRACTIONS:

Multiplying fractions

WT1 Whole number fraction

WT2 Fraction fraction

WT3 Fraction of a length

D Multiply mixed

numbers

WT1 Using a mental strategy

FRACTIONS:

Multiplying mixed

numerals

E Divide 1

(divide by simple

fractions

fractions

FRACTIONS:

Dividing by simple

fractions

WT2 Two methods to divide mixed

numeral by a proper fraction

WT3 Share cakes

F Divide 2

(division

involving

fractions)

Investigating reciprocals

Finding a method

FRACTIONS:

Divisions involving

fractions

whole number

WT2 Length of a rectangle given its

width and area

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 11 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

negative

fractions

3.4 Understanding

decimals

A Place value

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

lesson

Decimal Abacus

WT1 Words to numbers

WT2 Place value in subtraction

B Decimals to

fractions

Notes

Decimals to fractions

WT1 Fraction in lowest terms

DECIMALS:

NB: A large number of What is the point?

resources are listed for

lesson 3.4, with the

intention that a

selection will be made

DECIMALS

Changing decimals to

fractions

Whats with all the zeros?

C Fractions to

decimals

Changing fractions>decimals

DECIMALS

Changing fractions to

decimals

WT2 Changing to a decimal

D Ordering

DECIMALS

Ordering decimals

WT1 Filling the tank

WT2 Dots on the number line

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 12 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

3.5 Operations with

decimals

A Addition and

Subtraction

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Notes

Adding decimals

Decomposing decimals

WT1 Add decimals using columns

resources are listed for

lesson 3.5, with the

intention that a

selection will be made

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

DECIMALS

Adding & subtracting

decimals

Using patterns to add

B Multiply

WT2 Convert m to cm

DECIMALS

Multiplying & squaring

decimals

Mind versus calculator race

C Divide

WT1 Divide by a multiple of 100

DECIMALS

Strategies for decimal

divisions

Dividing into decimals

3.6 Terminating,

recurring and

rounding

decimals

A Rounding

Rounding off

DECIMALS

Rounding decimals

WT1 Round to 2 dp

WT2 Find an area and round

When should you round off?

B Recurring

WT1 Record recurring decimals

DECIMALS

Introducing recurring

decimals

decimal

Which fractions become recurring

decimals?

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 13 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

3.7 Percentages

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

PERCENTAGES:

Fractions/decimals/per

centages

Percentage/fractions/ decimal

connection

Ordering types of fractions

WT1 Compare and arrange

fractions, decimals and

percentages

Exploring the connection

3.8 Percentages

A Find % of

APPLYING

PERCENTAGES:

Percentage of a

quantity

WT1 Discount on sale using mental

strategy

WT2 Calculate with different

B Express as %

APPLYING

PERCENTAGES:

One amount as a

percentage of another

WT1 Compare two percentage

savings.

WT2 One amount as % of another

with different units

This as a percentage of that

increasing by

percentages

APPLYING

PERCENTAGES:

Percentage increase &

decrease

WT1 Use 2 methods to increase a

number

WT2 Increase then decrease by %

Compare the two methods

3.10 Calculating

percentage

change

3.11 Percentages and

the unitary

method

Not included as a

separate lesson. See

WT1 in lesson 3.8B.

Find the whole bar

WT1 Find full amount given a %

APPLYING

PERCENTAGES:

Finding the whole

amount

Estimating the whole

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 14 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

MEASUREMENT AND GEOMETRY Using units of measurement

NUMBER AND ALGEBRA Real numbers

4.1 Length and

perimeter

A Length

Length converter

WT1 Convert m to mm

HOTsheet Lengthy

challenges could be

used.

LENGTH,

PERIMETER & AREA:

Length

measure

B Perimeter

Toothpick puzzle

Building perimeters

LENGTH,

PERIMETER & AREA:

Perimeter problems

WT2 Length of a rectangle from its

width & perimeter

4.2 Circumference

of circle

WT1 Find circumference given

CIRCLES &

CYLINDERS:

Pi and the

circumference

diameter

WT2 Calculate radius given

circumference

Estimating pi

4.3 Area

A Convert units

WT2 Convert hectares to km2

B Rectangles

and Squares

WT1 Calculate area of composite

LENGTH,

NB: A large number of PERIMETER & AREA:

resources are listed for Converting area units

lesson 4.3, with the

& estimating

intention that a

selection will be made

LENGTH,

PERIMETER & AREA:

Area formulas for

rectangles & squares

shape

WT2 Find length of square given

area

Explore area and perimeter

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 15 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

C Formula for

triangle

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

LENGTH,

PERIMETER & AREA:

Formula for area of a

triangle

An investigation of area

Investigating areas of triangles

WT1 Calculate area from base and

height

quadrilaterals

A Parallelogram

WT1 Calculate area from base and

height

WT2 Perpendicular height given

resources are listed for

lesson 4.4 with the

intention that a

selection will be made

LENGTH,

PERIMETER & AREA:

Areas of parallelogram

Driving the formula

B Kite and

rhombus

WT1 Calculate area of kite

Area of a kite &

rhombus

Deriving the area of a kite

C Trapezium

Area of trapezium

trapezium

WT1 Calculate area of trapezium

Investigating the area of a

trapezium

4.5 Area of a circle

WT1 Approximation of area of a

CIRCLES &

CYLINDERS:

Area of a circle

circle

Predicting the area

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 16 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

4.6 Sectors and

composite

shapes

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Areas of sectors

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

PERIMETER & AREA

Areas of parts of

circles

angle and circle area

WT2 Area of sector from radius &

subtended angle

WT3 Radius from area of sector &

subtended angle

WT4 Area of composite shape (two

semicircles)

4.7 Surface area of a

prism

WT1 Surface area of rectangular

AREA:

Surface area of closed

& open prisms

prism

WT2 Surface area of open

triangular prism

Surface areas

4.8 Volume and

capacity

WT1 Volume of two prisms made of

AREA:

Volume, capacity &

rectangular prisms

metre cubes

WT2 Use the formula to find the

volume of a rectangular prism

4.9 Volume of

prisms and

cylinders

A Any prisms

AREA:

Volume of any prism

WT2 Volume of a hexagonal prism

B Cylinders

CIRCLES &

CYLINDERS:

Volume of a cylinder

cylinder

WT2 Approximate the radius of a

cylinder

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 17 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

4.10 Time

A Units

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

TIME:

Units of time

WT2 Calculate seconds in a week

WT3 Number of days between

dates

B Calculations

Stopwatch

TIME:

Time calculations

between two times

C Time zones

TIME:

Time zones

determine times

WT2 Use time in one place to find

time in another

4.11 Introduction to

Pythagoras

theorem

Demonstrating Pythagoras

theorem

PYTHAGORAS

THEOREM:

What is Pythagoras

theorem?

Pythagoras theorem

WT2 Use Pythagoras theorem to

test for right-angled triangle

4.12 Using

Pythagoras

theorem

WT1 Determine length of

PYTHAGORAS

THEOREM:

Length of the

hypotenuse

hypotenuse

WT2 Find distance between places

on map

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 18 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

4.13 Finding the

length of a

shorter side

A Any side

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

length of any side

PYTHAGORAS

THEOREM:

Length of any side

the lesson could be

any side.

PYTHAGORAS

THEOREM:

Pythagoras, perimeter

& area

determine a side

B Problems

WT1 Find perimeter of a right

angled triangle

WT2 Calculate area of right angled

CHAPTER 5 ALGEBRA

triangle

NUMBER AND ALGEBRA Number and place value; Patterns and algebra

algebra

WT1 Write expressions for

INTRODUCING

ALGEBRA:

Words in algebra

WT2 Specific and general questions

Algebra translator

5.2 Substitution

A Introduction

Substituting one value

INTRODUCING

ALGEBRA:

Substitution

WT1 Substitute integers

WT2 Area of a trapezium

B Substitution

and equivalent

expressions

Equivalent expressions

WT1 Cups and counters

INTRODUCING

ALGEBRA:

Equivalent expressions

Equidominoes

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 19 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

5.3 Adding and

subtracting

terms

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

WT1 Simplifying expressions

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

INTRODUCING

ALGEBRA:

Adding & subtracting

terms

Magic puzzles

Addition & Subtraction squaresaw

5.4 Multiplying and

dividing terms

WT1 Simplify an algebraic

INTRODUCING

ALGEBRA:

Multiplying & dividing

terms

expression

WT2 Simplify expression with

addition and division

Algebra flowcharts

5.5 Adding and

subtracting

algebraic

fractions

A Intro

MANIPULATING

ALGEBRA:

Algebraic fractions

Picturing algebraic fractions

B Adding and

subtracting

fractions

WT1 Add algebraic fractions with

ALGEBRAIC

EXPRESSSIONS:

Adding & subtracting

fractions

same denominator

WT2 Subtract one algebraic fraction

from another

Which common denominator?

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 20 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

5.6 Multiplying and

dividing

algebraic

fractions

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

WT1 Find product of 2 algebraic

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

ALGEBRAIC

EXPRESSSIONS:

Multiplying & dividing

fractions

fractions

WT2 Multiply algebraic fractions

with pronumeral in denominator

WT3 Multiply 2 algebraic fractions

with common factors

WT4 Divide algebraic fractions

Missing bits

5.7 Expanding

brackets

Expanding

WT1 Substitute to check

MANIPULATING

ALGEBRA:

Removing grouping

symbols

Expanding

5.8 Factorising

expressions

MANIPULATING

ALGEBRA:

Introducing factorising

expressions

WT2 Factorise an expression

Factoronimoes

5.9 Applying

algebra

equivalent

MANIPULATING

ALGEBRA:

Linking algebra &

number rules

equivalent

Where order matters

Relating algebraic calculations

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 21 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

5.10 Index laws:

multiplying and

dividing powers

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

INDICES:

Multiplying & dividing

terms

indices

WT1 Simplify product of two terms

WT3 Simplify division of terms

raising powers

INDICES:

Powers upon powers

numeric base and a power raised

to another power

WT2 Rewrite term with pronumeral

base and numerical index raised

to another power.

WT3 Expand expression in index

form with coefficient, all raised to

another power.

WT4 Combine index laws to

simplify

Checking solutions using index

rules

CHAPTER 6 RATIOS AND RATES

6.1 Introducing

ratios

What is a ratio?

This Hm lesson is

used for 6.1 and 6.2.

What is a ratio?

quantities of flowers

Ranking ratios

6.2 Simplifying

ratios

Go to 6.1

WT2 Simplify three ratios

What is a ratio?

Matching ratios

6.3 Dividing a

quantity in a

given ratio

Sharing marbles

Using ratios

boys and girls in a class

WT2 Create a ratio to determine

unequal shares

WT3 Find amount of components of

cement

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 22 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

6.4 Scale drawings

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

RATIOS & RATES:

Scale expressed as

ratios

house

WT2 Create a scale drawing of a

cubby house

Solve patterns by drawing a scale

6.5 Introducing

rates

cattle

This Hm lesson

RATIOS & RATES:

includes some material Introducing rates

relating to 6.6 and 6.7

a fuel tank

WT3 Express loss of water as a

rate

Rate problems

6.6 Ratios and rates

and the unitary

method

material relating to 6.6

problems

material relating to 6.7

6.8 Speed

Racing cars

NUMBER

NOTATIONS:

Converting rates

WT2 Convert m/s into km/h

WT3 Convert g/m3 to kg/km3.

WT4 Convert kL/h into US

gallons/day

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 23 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

CHAPTER 7 EQUATIONS AND INEQUALITIES

NUMBER AND ALGEBRA Linear and non-linear

relationships

Apart from the

7.1 Equations

EQUATIONS &

WT1 Decisions about opposite

resources listed, the

review

INEQUALITIES:

rest of the lesson

operations

Working backwards

covers working

backwards.

What was the starting number?

7.2 Equivalent

equations

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Notes

EQUATIONS &

INEQUALITIES:

A formal approach

Equations crossword

Matching equations & solutions

Reversing the operations

Solving equations

WT1 2-step equation (multiplication

& subtraction)

WT2 pronumerals on both sides

fractions

LINEAR EQUATIONS

& INEQUALITIES:

Equations with

fractions

WT3 Equation with fraction on

either side

WT4 Equation with 3 fractions

What went wrong?

7.4 Variables on

both sides

Keep it balanced

to this lesson

EQUATIONS &

INEQUALITIES:

Keeping the balance

7.5 Equations with

brackets

equations

Solving equations with brackets

LINEAR EQUATIONS

& INEQUALITIES:

Equations with

brackets

of grouping symbols

WT2 Solve linear eq. with 1 set

grouping symbols multiplied by a

negative number

WT3 Solve linear eq. with 2 sets

grouping symbols

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 24 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

7.6 Formulas and

relationships

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

WT2 Value of variable in formula

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

EQUATIONS &

INEQUALITIES:

Equations & formulas

A pyramid problem

7.7 Applications

WT2 Find the value of one variable

EQUATIONS &

INEQUALITIES:

Equations to solve

problems

in a formula

Have equation, will solve

7.8 Inequalities

EQUATIONS &

INEQUALITIES:

Introducing inequalities

number line

WT2 Solve problem using inequality

Writing and graphing inequalities

7.9 Solving

inequalities

A What is an

inequality?

B Problems using

inequalities

Solving inequalities

LINEAR EQUATIONS

from middle secondary, & INEQUALITIES:

so the walkthroughs

Inequalities

and HOTsheets may

be more difficult

This lesson comes

LINEAR EQUATIONS

from middle secondary, & INEQUALITIES:

so the walkthroughs

Extending inequalities

and HOTsheets may

be more difficult

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 25 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

8.1 Interpret

A Column

graphs

WT1 Describe information in a

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY Chance;

Data representation and interpretation

DATA

Picture & column

graphs

column graph

Exploring column graphs

B Divided bar

graphs

WT1 Divided bar graph using

DATA

Reading divided bar

graphs

simple proportioning

WT2 Questions about information in

a divided bar graph

Bars and data

C Sector graphs

(pie charts)

WT1 Interpret sector graph

DATA

Introducing sector (pie)

graph

Going in circles

D Line graphs

DATA

Line graphs

Reading and drawing line graphs

8.2 Frequency

tables and

tallies

WT1 Use tallied results to create

REPRESENTING

DATA:

Frequency tables

frequency table

WT2 Create frequency table from

raw data

Frequency tables

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 26 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

8.3 Histograms

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

includes frequency

polygons

REPRESENTING

DATA:

Histograms & polygons

histogram

WT2 Create histogram & polygon

from table of data

Reading histograms

8.4 Measures of

centre

ANALYSING DATA:

Exploring the mean

WT1 Calculate & compare means

WT2 Calculate new mean after one

more score added

Mean problems

8.5 Measures of

spread

Changing data

WT1 Find range, mode and median

included in lesson.

ANALYSING DATA:

The mode, median &

range

satisfy conditions

Measures of centre and spread

8.6 Surveying and

sampling

8.7 Probability

in HOTmaths, to be

added later

CHANCE:

Theoretical probability

Probability

WT1 Probability of a random event

WT2 Use collected data to

determine probability

Spreadsheet: Dice simulation

in HOTmaths, to be

added later

in HOTmaths, to be

added later

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 27 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

8.10 Venn diagrams

and two-way

tables

A Introduction to

sets and Venn

diagrams

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

WT1 Determine relationship

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

SETS:

focuses on sets rather Comparing sets

than probability and

does not include 2-way

tables

WT2 Venn diagrams: elements,

union, intersection

The language of sets

B Using Venn

diagrams

SETS:

focuses on sets rather Using Venn diagrams

than probability and

WT1 Identify sets, union of two sets does not include 2-way

tables

and complement of a Venn

diagram

8.11 Experimental

probability

Experimental

probability is not yet

covered as a separate

lesson

NUMBER AND ALGEBRA Linear and non-linear relationships

9.1 The number

plane

WT1 Give coordinates of four points

THE NUMBER

PLANE:

All four quadrants

treasure

Positioning points

9.2 Rules, tables

and graphs

Graphing y = 1 x

THE NUMBER

PLANE:

Graphs from equations

Graphing y = x/4

WT1 Complete table of values for

an equation

WT2 Graph an equation on the

number plane

How many points?

Graphing lines

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 28 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

9.3 Finding the rules

using tables

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

THE NUMBER

PLANE:

Equations from lines

WT1 Determine equation using

three points on the line

WT2 Use graph & tables of values

to determine the equation

Equations from graphs

9.4 Gradient

NUMBER

PLANE:CALCULATIO

NS

Gradient using graphs

Calculating gradient

WT1 Determining positive, negative

or zero gradient

WT2 Gradient of interval from a

graph

WT3 Gradient of interval by first

plotting end points

WT4 Gradient using two different

points on a line

WT5 Draw a line given a particular

gradient

Exploring gradient

9.5 y = mx + c

A Reading the

equation

WT1 Determine similarities in

equations of lines

resources are listed for

lesson 9.5, with the

intention that a

selection will be made

NUMBER

PLANE:STRAIGHT

LINES

Reading the equation

equations of parallel lines

WT3 Determine the gradient yintercept from an equation

WT4 Determine whether two linear

equations represent parallel lines

WT5 Match a linear equation to its

graph

Comparing lines and equations

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 29 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

B Determining

the equation from

the graph

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

NUMBER

PLANE:STRAIGHT

LINES

Determining the

equation

WT1 Determine the gradient of a

line

WT2 Determine the equation of a

line through the origin

WT3 Determine the equation of a

line passing through two given two

points

WT4 Determine the equations of

vertical and horizontal lines

WT5 Determine the equation of a

line to predict a value beyond the

graph

What is the equation?

intercepts

slope and y-intercepts

as well

NUMBER

PLANE:STRAIGHT

LINES

Slopes & intercepts

intercept

9.7 Applying linear

graphs

9.8 Non-linear

graphs

not currently covered

as a separate lesson

Graphing a curve

Exploring types of

curves

NUMBER PLANE:

CURVES:

Plotting curves

of values

WT2 Complete a table of values for

an exponential equation

Exploring types of curves

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 30 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

10.1 Reflection

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

MEASUREMENT AND GEOMETRY

Geometric reasoning

TRANSFORMATIONS

& SYMMETRY:

Reflection & symmetry

Reflecting shapes

Lines of symmetry

WT1 Position of objects reflection

WT2 Determine axes of symmetry

Reflecting triangles

10.2 Translation

Translation

WT1 Decide whether diagrams

include the number

plane or vectors.

TRANSFORMATIONS

& SYMMETRY:

Translation

represent translation

10.3 Rotation

Rotation

TRANSFORMATIONS

& SYMMETRY:

Rotation & symmetry

Rotation patterns

WT1 Movements of hands of a

clock using degrees of rotation

WT2 Select the correct images that

show two specified rotations

Construct a pinwheel

Flipping and turning

10.4 Congruent

figures

superimpose shapes

CONGRUENT &

SIMILAR SHAPES:

Congruent shapes

the size of angles, sides

In the world around you

Using transformation to show

congruence

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 31 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

10.5 Congruent

triangles

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Constructing triangles

WT1 Determine which congruency

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

REASONING IN

GEOMETRY:

Tests for congruent

triangles

test applies

WT2 Determine which triangles are

congruent

WT3 Use congruence to find side

lengths

Straw triangles

10.6 Similar figures

A Defining similar

shapes

determine similarity

CONGRUENT &

SIMILAR SHAPES:

Which shapes are

similar?

triangle sides

Matching similar shapes

B Scale factors

Using a centre of enlargement

REASONING IN

GEOMETRY:

Scale factors for similar

figures

similar triangles

WT2 Determine the height of an

object

Using scale to estimate height

Scale factors and areas

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

Page 32 of 32

Essential Maths 8

CHAPTER & lesson

(sections in

textbook)

10.7 Similar triangles

and HOTsheets suggested for use

with Essential Maths

Notes

Lesson in

HOTmaths (Early

Secondary unless

stated)

REASONING IN

GEOMETRY:

Similar triangles

WT1 Determine whether triangles

are similar using their angle sizes

WT2 Use ratios of corresponding

sides to determine similarity

WT4 Use ratios in similar triangles

to calculate a side

Measuring the immeasurable

quadrilaterals

Congruence and

quadrilaterals are not

yet specifically covered

in HOTmaths

Cambridge University Press Essential Maths / HOTmaths Integrated program Issue: 9 February 2011

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