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BILL OF MATERIALS

EXCAVATION

Excavation of earth for column/footing:


o @C1F1
= 1.2(1.2)(1.1 + 0.3)(11)
o @C1F2
= 0.9(0.9)(1.0 + 0.3)(1)
o @C2F1
= 1.2(1.2)(1.1 + 0.3)(1)

=
=
=
TOTAL =

28.224 m3
1.053 m3
2.016 m3
31.293 m3

Excavation for wall/footing:


o @Section A
= [9.5 4(0.3) + 0.075](0.3)(1.2)
=
3.015 m3
o @Section B/C
= [9.5 4(0.3) 0.2 + 0.075](0.3)(1.2)
=
2.943 m3
o @Section D
= [9.5 4(0.3) + 0.075](0.3)(1.2)
=
3.015 m3
o @Section 1
= [0.5 + 2(0.707) + 1 + 0.775 + 0.075 + 2.93 0.3 2(0.2)](0.3)(1.2)
=
2.158 m3
o @Section 2
= [2.93 0.2 0.05](0.3)(1.2)
=
0.965 m3
o @Section 3
= [3.08 2(0.2)](0.3)(1.2)
=
0.965 m3
o @Section 5
=
=
0.965 m3
TOTAL =
14.026 m3
Volume of Excavated Earth:
o Sum of total volume = 31.293 + 14.026
=
45.319 m3

BACKFILLING

Volume of backfill for toilet and bath area :


Volume of backfill for bedrooms (BD1 & BD2):
Volume of backfill for kitchen and living area:
Volume of backfill for terrace area
:

40.192 m2(0.2 m)
=
8.038 m3
(85.877 + 103.322)(0.25)=
47.300 m3
210.288(0.25)
=
52.572 m3
62.888(0.25)
=
12.578 m3
TOTAL =
120.488 m3
It is noticeable that an excavated earth volume 45.319 m3 used for backfilling is not sufficient
as a backfilling material, therefore, for the subgrade material used as an additional
backfilling material for floor elevation:
120.488 45.319
=
75.241 m3
A 75.241 m3 is the volume of subgrade material required as an additional backfilling material
is compacted and therefore is not quite sufficient to elevate the flooring of the structure.
Hence,
75.241(1.3)
=
97.813 m3
Now, a volume of 97.813 m3 is the compacted volume of subgrade material that is enough
to elevate the floor area of the structure.

NET LENGTH OF THE WALL

@Section A
@Section B/C
@Section D
@Section 6
@Section 5
@Section 3
@Section 2
@Section 1

= 9.5 4(0.3)
=
= 9.5 4(0.3) 0.2
=
= 9.5 3(0.3) 0.3
=
= 6 3(0.2)
=
= 3.08 2(0.2)
=
=
=
= 2.93 0.075 0.2
=
= 0.5 + 2(0.707) + 0.8 + 0.775 + 2.93 2(0.2) 0.3=
TOTAL =

8.300 m
8.100 m
8.300 m
5.400 m
2.680 m
2.680 m
2.655 m
5.720 m
43.835 m

WALL FOOTING

Volume of the wall footing= 43.835 m(0.3)(0.2) m2

Using Class A Mixture:


o Cement (40 kg):
o Sand
:
o Gravel
:

= 23.67 say 24 Bags


=
1.315 m3
=
2.630 m3

2.630(9.0)
2.630(0.5)
2.630(1.0)

2.630 m3

FOOTING FOR COLUMN

@C1F1
@C1F2
@C2F1

= (1.2)2(0.3)(11)
= (0.9)2(0.3)(1)
= (1.2)2(0.3)(1)

=
=
=
TOTAL =

4.752 m3
0.243 m3
0.432 m3
5.427 m3

= 0.2(0.3)(3.43)(11)
= 0.2(0.3)(3.43)(1)
= (0.3)2(3.43)

=
=
=
TOTAL =

2.264 m3
0.206 m3
0.309 m3
2.779 m3
8.206 m3

COLUMNS

@C1F1
@C1F2
@C2F1

Total Volume of Column and Footing: 5.427 + 2.779

Using Class A Mixture:


o Cement (40 kg):
o Sand
:
o Gravel
:

= 73.854 say 74 bags


=
4.103 m3
=
8.206 m3

8.206(9.0)
8.206(0.5)
8.206(1.0)

ROOF BEAMS

Section A
Section B/C
Section D
Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
Section 5
Section 6

= [9.5 4(0.3)](0.2)(0.3)
= [9.5 4(0.3) 0.2](0.2)(0.3)
= [9.5 4(0.3)](0.2)(0.3)
= [6 2(0.2) 0.3](0.2)(0.3)
= [2.92 0.075 0.2](0.2)(0.3)
= [3.08 2(0.2)](0.2)(0.3)
=
= [6 3(0.2)](0.2)(0.3)

Using Class A Mixture:


o Cement (40 kg): 2.605(9.0)
o Sand
: 2.605(0.5)
o Gravel
: 2.605(1.0)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
TOTAL =

0.498 m3
0.486 m3
0.498 m3
0.318 m3
0.159 m3
0.161 m3
0.161 m3
0.324 m3
2.605 m3

= 23.445 say 24 bags


=
1.302 m3
=
2.605 m3

CHB WALL

Wall area
o Section A
o Section B/C
o Section D
o Section 1
o Section 2
o Section 3
o Section 5
o Section 6

= [9.5 4(0.3)](1 + 3.43) 2(2)(1) (0.3)2


=
32.679 m2
= [9.5 4(0.3) 0.2](4.43) 2(0.8)(2.13) 0.6(2.13)= 31.197 m2
= (2.42 0.3)(0.2 + 1) + [7.08 3(0.3)](4.43) 2(2)(1)= 25.921 m2
= [3.08 2(0.707) 1 2(0.2)](4.43) + [2.93 0.3](1.2)= 4.333 m2
= (2.93 0.075 0.2)(4.43) 1 1(2.13)
=
8.632 m2
= [3.08 2(0.2)](4.43)
=
11.872 m2
=
=
11.872 m2
= [6 3(0.2)](4.43) 2 1(2.13)
=
19.792 m2
TOTAL =
146.299 m2

Quantity of 10 x 20 x 40 CHB: 146.299(12.5)

For block laying (Using Class B Mixture)


o Cement (40 kg): 146.299(0.522)
o Sand
: 146.299(0.0435)

= 1828.738 say 1829 pieces

= 76.368 say 77 bags


=
6.364 m3

Plastering:
o Quantity of CHB at Footing: Net length(h)(12.5)
= 43.835 (1) (12.5)
= 547.938 say 548 pieces
o Quantity of CHB wall plastered: 1829 548
= 1281 pieces
o 1281 [2(6) + 2(9.5)] (0.25)(12.5)
= 1184.125 say 1185 pieces
(Note: The 1185 pieces of CHB are the number of CHB that is to be plastered on both
sides.)
o Quantity of CHB that is to be plastered on one side only:
1281 1185
=
96 pieces
(Note: Now, the 96 pieces of CHB that is to be plastered on one side only are located
250 mm from the natural ground line.)
o Volume of plaster (16 mm plaster): [2(1185)(0.2)(0.4) + 1(96)(0.2)(0.4)]0.016]
=
3.156 m3
(Note: The volume obtained, which is 3.156 m3 is the amount of plaster of the wall
including both single and double-side plastering.)
o

Using Class B Mixture for Plastering


o Cement (40 kg): 3.156(12)
o Sand
:

= 37.872 say 38 bags


=
3.156 m3

SLAB

Toilet and Terrace Area (50-mm drop)


Volume = (40.192 + 62.888) (0.1)
Kitchen and Living Area, and Bedrooms
Volume = (399.487) (0.1)

10.808 m3

=
TOTAL =

39.949 m3
50.257 m3

Using Class A Mixture


o Cement (40 kg): 50.257(9.0)
o Sand
: 50.257(0.5)
o Gravel
: 50.257(1.0)

=452.313 say 453 bags


=
25.129 m3
=
50.257 m3

STEEL REINFORCEMENT
REINFORCEMENT FOR CONCRETE HOLLOW BLOCKS

Wall area: 146.299 m2


Vertical reinforcement (80cm spacing):
146.299 (1.60) =
234.078 m
Horizontal bars (3 layers of 10 x 20 x 40 CHB):
149.299 (2.15) =
314.542 m
Quantity of required vertical Bars (12 mm diameter): 234.078/6
=39.013 say 40 pieces
Quantity of required horizontal bars (10 mm diameter): 314.542/6 =52.424 say 53 pieces
Order: 40 pieces 12 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars and 53 pieces 10 mm diameter x
6.0 m long bars
For tie wires
o Wall area: 146.299 m2
o Vertical bar spacing: 80 cm
o Horizontal bar spacing: 3 layers of 10 x 20 x 40 CHB
o Required #16 G.I. Wire: 146.299 (0.024)
= 3.51 say 4 kg #16 G.I. Wires

FOOTING REINFORCEMENT

Footing 1 (F1)
o Net length (consider 0.20 m bend): 1.2 2(0.075) + 0.2
o Qty. of cut bars (single footing):
8(2)
o Total cut bars for 11 footings:
16(12 footings)
o If 6.0 m length of steel bar is used:
6/1.25
o Required qty. of steel bars:
176/4
o Order: 44 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars

= 1.25 m
= 16 pieces/footing
= 192 pieces
= 4.8 say 4 pieces
= 48 pieces

Footing 2 (F2)
o Net length (consider 0.20 m bend): 0.9 2(0.075) + 0.2
= 0.95m
o Qty. of cut bars (single footing):
6(2)
= 12 pieces/footing
o Total cut bars for 1 footing:
= 12 pieces
o If 6.0 m length of steel bar is used:
6/0.95
= 6.32 say 6 pieces
o Required qty. of steel bars:
12/6
= 2 pieces
o Order: 2 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars
Total quantity of steel bars: 46 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars
Tie Wires
o Footing 1 (F1)
No. of intersections:
8(8)
= 64 intersections
Total ties:
64(11)
= 704 ties
Using 30 cm long tie wire:
704(0.3)
= 211.2 m long G.I. wires
Mass:
211.2/53
= 3.98 say 4 kg #16 G.I. wires
o Footing 2 (F2)
No. of intersections:
6(6)
= 36 intersections
Total ties:
36(1)
= 36 ties
Using 30 cm long tie wire:
36(0.3)
= 10.8 m long G.I. wires
Mass:
10.8/53
= 0.20 say 1 kg #16 G.I. wires
o Order: 5 kg #16 G.I. wires

COLUMN REINFORCEMENT

Column 1 (C1)
o Bend at the base footing:
o Length from footing to ground line:
o Height from ground line to beam:
3.43 0.30 =
o Depth of beam:
o Dowel for roofing:
Total length of reinforcement
Total length for 11 posts:
4(11) =
Order: 44 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long steel bars
Column 2 (C2)
o Bend at the base footing:
o Length from footing to ground line:
o Height from ground line to beam:
3.43 0.30 =
o Depth of beam:
o Dowel for roofing:
Total length of reinforcement
Total length for 11 posts:
4(1) =
Order: 4 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long steel bars
Column 1 (C1)
o Bend at the base footing:
o Length from footing to ground line:
o Height from ground line to beam:
3.43 0.30 =
o Depth of beam:
o Dowel for roofing:
Total length of reinforcement
Total length for 11 posts:
4(1) =
Order: 4 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long steel bars
Order: 52 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars

0.20 m
1.10
3.13
0.30
0.40
5.13 m say 6 m
44 pieces

0.20 m
1.10
3.13
0.30
0.40
5.13 m say 6 m
4 pieces

0.20 m
1.10
3.13
0.30
0.40
5.13 m say 6 m
4 pieces

LATERAL TIES

Spacing of lateral ties:

16 x 16
48 x 10
Least side of column is 200 mm

=
=

256 mm
480 mm

Adopt 200 mm spacing on the lateral ties.

No. of lateral ties for a single column:


3.43/0.2
= 17.15 say 18 + 1 = 19 pieces
For 13 columns:
19(13)
=
247 ties
Length of one tie: (by inspection)
say 80 cm
Trial Division:
12/0.8
= 15 pieces for 12 m long bar
Required no. of steel bars:
247/12
= 20.58 say 21 pieces
Order: 21 pieces 10 mm diameter x 12.0 meter long bars
Tie Wires
o Intersections:
4 bars (19 lateral ties)
=
76 intersections
o For 13 columns:
76 (13)
=
988 ties
o Consider 40 cm long tie wires:
988(0.4)
= 395.2 say 396 m long G.I. wire
o Mass:
396/53
=
7.74 say 8 kg
o Order: 8 kg #16 G.I. wires

ROOF BEAMS

Net length:
43.835 m
Length of reinforcement:
43.835 + 26(0.4) + 43.835(0.25) + 43.835(0.5) = 87.111 m long
Consider 10.5 m long bar, for 18 beams:
18(7)
=
126 pieces
Order: 126 pieces 16 mm diameter x 10.5 meter long bars

STIRRUPS

No. of stirrups:
Order:

{[43.835 2(0.85)]/0.2} + 16
=
227 stirrups
227/6 =37.83 say 38 pieces 10 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars

TIE WIRE (BEAMS AND STIRRUPS)

Intersection:
7(227)
Consider 40 cm long tie wires:
Mass:
635.6/53
Order: 12kg #16 G.I. Wires

1589(0.4)

=
1589 ties
= 635.6 m long G.I. wires
=11.99 say 12 kg

SLAB REINFORCEMENT

Floor area:
40.192 + 62.888 + 399.487
=
502.567 m2
Using 6.0 m long bars, 15 cm spacing distance: 502.567 (2.584)=1298.633 say 1299pieces
Order: 1299 pieces 10 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars
Tie wires
o Using 30 cm tie wire: 502.567 x 0.288
=
114.585 say 115 kg
o Order: 115 kg #16 G.I. wire

SUMMARY OF MATERIALS
EXCAVATION AND BACKFILLING

Volume of excavated earth:


Volume of subgrade material:

45.319 m3
97.813 m3

CONCRETE AND MASONRY

Class A cement (40 kg):


Class B cement (40 kg):
Sand
:
Gravel
:
No. of 10 x 20 x 40 CHB :

575 bags
115 bags
41.37 m3
63.70 m3
1829 pieces

METAL REINFORCEMENTS

CHB reinforcement
Footing reinforcement
Column reinforcement
Lateral ties
Roof beams
Stirrups
Slab reinforcement
Tie Wires

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

53 pieces 10 mm dia. X 6.0 m long RSB


46 pieces 16 mm dia. X 6.0 m long RSB
52 pieces 16 mm dia. X 6.0 m long RSB
21 pieces 10 mm dia. X 12.0 m long RSB
126 pieces 16 mm dia. X 10.50 m long RSB
38 pieces 10 mm dia. X 6.0 m RSB
1299 pieces 10 mm dia. 6.0 m RSB
144 kg #16 G.I. wires