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The Difference of Opinion of Bachelor of Science in Accountancy students of De La Salle Lipa

and Accounting Practitioners in the field of Public Accounting regarding the Necessary
Technological Knowledge and Skills for Entry-Level Accountants.

A Concept Paper
Presented to the Faculty of the
College of Business, Economics, Accountancy and Management
De La Salle Lipa

In Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirements for the Degree
BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN ACCOUNTANCY

By:
Cosa, John Kenneth A.
Gomez, Mattheus Lurenz A.
Mistas, Kim Angelo
A3C

July 2015

Title of the Study


The Difference of Opinion of Bachelor of Science in Accountancy students of De La
Salle Lipa and Accounting Practitioners in the field of Public Accounting regarding the
Necessary Technological Knowledge and Skills for Entry-Level Accountants.
Area of the Study
The study mainly focuses on the current perception of Bachelor of Science in
Accountancy students in De La Salle Lipa and accounting practitioners regarding the required
level of technological skills necessary for entry-level accountants. The study will generally
revolve around the current training of Accountancy students in terms of technological matters
and its significance to acquiring a significant edge in performing their duties and responsibilities
as they enter the profession.
The practitioners that will be involved in the study would be limited to those who are in
the public practice of accounting, considering that this would be the initial field of expertise that
most students would chose in pursuing their careers as accountants. Their insights would prove
most valuable in determining which technologies are now being used in the field of accounting
and what kind of training must students undergo to achieve an increased degree of competence
and reliability.

Background of the Study


In this generation, the increasing demands of people from the services that they acquire
from fields of profession has also affected the advances in technology, especially in business.
Nowadays, people firmly believe that the quality of service is inclined with swiftness of its
delivery, as well as the matter of presenting it. Considering that the number of people who
require the service of those inclined in the field of business has been constantly rising, the
dependence of business firms on procuring the technological advancements needed has also
increased steadily.
Taking matters into the context of the accounting profession, recognized and aspiring to
be recognized accounting firms have been constantly exerting effort on attaining technologies
that would give their firms an edge in performing services of their clients. SAP, Inventory
Systems, Accounting and Auditing Information Systems and similar programs have been a trend

in the accounting profession. Due to this, technological knowledge has been a key attribute that
firms are looking for in their applicants, aside from financial familiarity.
The study will mostly deal on how students are knowledgeable and prepared they are to
handle technologies being used in the profession by comparing it to the insights of accounting
professionals as to what kind of technological skills and know-hows that future applicants should
acquire before entering the profession.

Statement of the Problem


1. Is there a difference between the opinion of the students and practitioners regarding
the necessary technological knowledge and skills for entry-level accountants?
2. What are the causes of the differences between the opinion of students and
practitioners?
3. Does acquiring certain technological knowledge and skills have a significant effect on
the performance of entry-level accountants?
4. Is technological knowledge and skill deemed important by accounting firms in hiring
new practitioners?
5. Is there a way to bridge the gap of difference between the students and practitioners
opinion of technological knowledge and skills for entry-level accountants?

Objectives of the Study


1. Identify the difference between the opinion of the students and practitioners
regarding the necessary technological knowledge and skills for entry-level
accountants.
2. Identify the causes of the differences between the opinion of students and
practitioners.
3. List down certain technological knowledge and skills that may have an effect on the
performance pf entry-level accountants.
4. Clarify whether technological knowledge and skills are deemed important by
accounting firms in hiring new practitioners.
5. Provide an avenue of reconciliation for the gap between the students and
practitioners opinion of technological knowledge and skills for entry level
accountants.

Hypotheses
Considering the problem of the study and its elements, hypotheses of the study can be
as follows:
Null hypothesis (Ho): There is no difference between the opinion of the amount of
technological skills and knowledge needed for an entry-level accountant.
Also, the researchers formulated the following hypotheses:
H1: Technological skills and knowledge is now considered as an important attribute for
applicants in the accounting profession.
H2: Technological skills and knowledge of students in De La Salle Lipa are sufficient to
satisfy the demands of accounting firms from entry-level accountants.
H3: Technological skills and knowledge is a contributing factor to the acceptance of
applicants in the accounting profession.
Literature Review
There are two existing papers that were used for this study. The first one is written by
Thomas J. Tribunella, M. Pamela Neely and Heidi R. Tribunella, entitled Academic and
Practitioner Interests Regarding Emerging Technologies in Accounting. The second one is
entitled Comparison of Opinions of Accounting Academics and Accounting Practitioners about
Technological Knowledge Needed by Entry-Level Accountants. The review of other related
literature shall consist of other journals, thesis and other written studies will come from
EBSCoHost, ProQuest and other research materials from the Learning Research Center of De
La Salle Lipa.
Conceptual Framework
The study will use the findings of the research of Tribunella, Neely and Tribunella
regarding the difference of interest of academicians and practitioners regarding emerging and
current technologies and the focus of these two parties. This affects the outlook of the students

as to what kind of technological knowledge and skills are needed to enter the accounting
profession. The aspects concerning the kind of technologies available in school, the utilization of
these technologies and additional technological training are key considerations in comparing
what kind of technological knowledge and skills are needed from new applicants in the
perception of actual practitioners of public accounting.
Proposed Research Design/Methodology
The researchers will conduct a survey that will involve two groups: Bachelor of Science
in Accountancy Students in De La Salle Lipa and several practitioners in the field of public.
There will be two sets of survey questionnaires. The first one will be used by the students in
order to assess and accumulate information regarding the kind of technology that is being used
in actual practice, as well as the level of technological literacy of the students. The second one
will be for the practitioners, which would tackle on what they think are the necessary
technological knowledge and skills that students must acquire before entering the professions.
The results of these surveys would be compared to see if there are any differences on
the perception of the students and practitioners about the necessary technological knowledge
and skills of entry-level accountants.
Bibliography

Accounting Education Change Commission, Objectives of Education for


Accounts: Position Statement Number One, Issues in Accounting Education,

Fall, Vol. 5, No. 2


Doost, Roger, Gary B. Mc Combs and Mohsen Sharifi, The State of Accounting
Information Systems Education and Accounting Professional Expectations: Is
There a Gap? Accounting Information Systems Educators Conference Archives,

www.ais-educ.com/archive.htm,
Westbrook, Curt, Impact of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 on Accounting
Information Systems, Accounting Information Systems Educators Conference
Archives, www.ais-educ.com/archive.htm