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SMKBE@ELY2009

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2.1 CLASSES OF FOOD [pg.40 – 44]
1) Nutrition is the process of obtaining and using nutrient
(________________________________________
______________________) from food.
2) Food can be divided into ___________ classes. There are: # state the function for each of the following
classes of food in the box provided.

3) The table below shows the sources, functions and effects of deficiency of vitamins.
Vitamin Sources Functions Effects of deficiency
A

4) Vitamins are divided into two group: ________________________ and __________________________


5) The water-soluble vitamins are ________________________________

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6) The fat-soluble vitamins are __________________________________
Mineral Sources Functions Effects of deficiency
Calcium

Sodium

Iron

Iodine

Phosphorus

Potassium

7) Minerals are needed by


___________________________________________________________________
8)

FOOD TEST

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2.2 THE IMPORTANCE OF A BALANCED DIET [pg. 45 – 47]
1) A balanced diet contains ________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
2) A balanced diet depends on many factors such as:
i. _______________________________ v. ___________________________
ii. _______________________________ vi. ___________________________
iii. _______________________________ vii. ___________________________
iv. _______________________________

3) Daily energy requirements

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4)

A person with goiter A child with kwashiorkor


Group Age (years) Sex Body activity Energy requirements (kJ)

ENERGY VALUE OF FOOD


1) Caloric value or energy value is __________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
2) Energy value of carbohydrates, proteins and fats
Class of food Energy value (kJ g-1)

3) 1 calorie = 4.2 joules or


1 cal = 4.2 J

PLANNING A BALANCED DIET

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2.3 HUMAN DIGESTIVE SYSTEM [pg. 48 – 50]
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1) Digestion is ___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
2) Digestion occurs in an ___________________________________________________________________
3) Alimentary canal:

4) Physical digestion _____________________________________________________________________


5) Chemical digestion ____________________________________________________________________
6) Enzymes are _________________________________________________________________________
7) Enzymes react effectively at a temperature of __________. There are three main kinds of enzymes in our
gut. They are:
a. ____________________________________________________________________________
b. ____________________________________________________________________________
c. ____________________________________________________________________________
8) Label the parts a) to l)

b)
a)

c)

l)
d)
k)

j) e)

f)
i)

g)
h)

9) Name the digestive organ based on its function in the table below.

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Digestive organ Function
Food is cut into small pieces
Channels food to the stomach. The bolus moves down in a wave-like
action called peristalsis.
Digestion protein begins
Receives bile from the gall bladder and pancreatic juice from the
pancreas.
Secretes pancreatic juice containing enzymes
Secretes bile to emulsify fat
Digestion of fat, protein and starch and absorption of food
Absorbs water and formation of faeces
Stores faeces
Removes feaces from the body

10) Summary of digestion


Place of Glands Secretion Enzyme Digestive system
digestion
Mouth Salivary glands Saliva Salivary amylase
Stomach Gastric glands Gastric juice Proteases

Hydrochloric acid

Duodenum Liver Bile


Pancreas Pancreatic
juice

Lower part of Intestinal glands Intestinal


small juice
intestine

11) Name the end products of the digestion of


a. Carbohydrates : ____________________________
b. Protein : ____________________________
c. Fats : ____________________________

PMR PRACTICE! NO. 21, 22, 23, and 24

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2.4 ABSORPTION OF DIGESTED FOOD [pg. 51]
1) Absorption of digested food is [pg. 101] _______________________________________________________
2) Villi is __________________________________________________________________________________
3) The villi greatly ___________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
4) Diffusion is ______________________________________________________________________________

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5) Once inside the bloodstream, ________________________________________________________________
6) From the liver, ____________________________________________________________________________
7)

8)

2.5 REABSORPTION OF WATER AND DEFECATION [ pg.53 – 54]


1) The residue from the small intestine is _______________________________________________________
2) From here, the watery residue _____________________________________________________________
3) The residue remains in the large intestine for _________________________
4) As the residue passes through the large intestine, a _____________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
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5) As much as ____________________________________________________________________________
6) In diarrhoea, ___________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
7) Faeces is ______________________________________________________________________________
8) They are store in ________________________________________________________________________
9) Muscular contractions of the walls of the large intestine push ____________________________________
10) Defecation is __________________________________________________________________________
11) A simplified diagram of the process in alimentary canal

EATING HABITS AND CONSTIPATION


1) Constipation is _________________________________________________________________________
2) This problem is mainly due to _____________________________________________________________
3) Roughage or __________________________________________________________________________
4) Without roughage, ______________________________________________________________________
5) As a result, ____________________________________________________________________________
6) This may cause _________________________________________________________________________
7) Serious constipation _____________________________________________________________________
8) Constipation can usually be relieved by ______________________________________________________

2.6 HEALTHY EATING HABITS [pg. 54 – 56]


1) Unhealthy eating habit are ________________________________________________________________
2) The key to healthy is to __________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
3) Food pyramid:

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4) State the problems caused by each of the following conditions.


a. Overeating : ___________________________________
b. Eating too little food : ___________________________________
c. Drinking carbonated sweet drinks : ___________________________________
d. Not eating enough vegetables : ___________________________________
e. Not drinking enough water : ___________________________________

5) Read the statements carefully, and then fill in the blanks with the correct answers.
a. Vegetarians do not eat ________________________________________
b. Muslims do not eat ___________________________________________
c. Hindus do not eat ____________________________________________

PMR PRACTICE! No. 25, 26, 27, 28

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REINFORCEMENT PRACTICE

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