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Chapter 1

THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction
Climate change has a direct and immediate impact on
development. As it stands, the Philippines is already in the path of
major weather disturbances that damage property and critical
infrastructure. More urgent however is the fact that these weather
patterns frequently jeopardize the welfare of communities in high-risk
areas. In 2013, Philippines was named as the country most affected by
the climate change. This was reported when the country was in the
midst of Super Typhoon Yolanda (international name Haiyan) which
devastated Eastern Visayas and killed more than 6,300 people. It is
said to be the strongest typhoon to make landfall in recorded history.
In Laguna, local governments commitment in addressing global
environmental issues was evidently manifested by its support to the
countrys initiative in supporting some major legislations which were
enacted to address the issue and one of which is Republic Act No.
9003 otherwise known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act
of 2000 designed to provide a comprehensive solution to the countries
garbage problem. This is codified in the waste hierarchy and the
mantra reduce, reuse, and recycle, indicating a preferential order for

handling waste: source reduction is the highest priority, followed by


finding the highest and best use for each discard.
This study will determine the adaptation of programs on climate
change as embodied in Ecological Solid Waste Management Act
(Republic Act No. 9003) by means of reducing, reusing and recycling
of materials. This likewise examines the synergy between energy
conservation activities and sustainability education in a large
thousands of college students in Laguna State Polytechnic University.
Background of the Study
One of the most vital problems that the country encounters today is
pollution due to the improper handling and disposal of solid wastes. The
problem occurs only in the urban areas where population density is high and
human activities are continuous and intense but is also felt in the regional and
rural areas; Seventy percent (70%) of solid waste comes from domestic
sources and the rest or thirty percent (30%) from industries (Philippine
Strategy for Sustainable Development, 2005).
Go Green is a philosophy that encourages the redesign of resource life
cycles so that all products are reused. In industry, this process involves
creating commodities out of traditional waste product, especially making old
outputs and new inputs for similar or different industrial sectors. It can

represent an economical alternative to waste systems, where new resources


are continually required to replenish wasted row materials.
The implementation of Republic Act 9003 otherwise known as the
Ecological Solid Waste Management Act laid down the necessary framework
and institutional mechanisms for the proper treatment of waste and waste
disposal. The law sets the necessary guidelines for waste minimization and
introduction of proper treatment measures (i.e. segregation, collection,
disposal and recycling procedures) enhanced through promotion of national
research and development programs.
Statement of the Problem
The purpose of the study is to determine the adaptation program on climate
change to Go Green LSPU.
Specifically it sought answers to the following questions:
1. What is the respondents level of adaptation of programs on Climate
Change in terms of:
1.1 Reducibility?
1.2 Recyclability?
1.3 Reusability?
2. What is the status of Go Green LSPU as to:
2.1 Solid Waste Management?
2.2 Water Conservation?
2.3 Energy Conservation?
2.4 Greening of Classrooms and Offices?
3. Is there a significant effect on the adaptation program on climate
change to Go Green LSPU?
Hypothesis

Ho: There is no significant effect on the adaptation program on climate


change to Go Green LSPU?

Theoretical Framework
This study is anchored on the advocacy of Sen. Loren Legarda
addressing climate change as a national priority and stating how it affects
operating costs, markets for products and availability of raw materials, and
the changing weather patterns and extreme weather events could also cause
business interruption and infrastructure damage during her speech in the
General Membership Meeting of the Philippine Association of National
Advertisers (PANA).

To properly manage solid waste, an expert on waste disposal said the


country should focus on reduce, reuse and recycle methods instead of
investing in disposal technologies such as open dumps and engineered
landfills.
US-based Neil Tangri, a waste and climate campaigner of the Global
Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives (GAIA), said investments in the waste
sector should not go toward costly high-tech end-of-pipe technologies but
toward zero waste that will dramatically reduce the amount of trash sent for
disposal.

In an interview he stated that Investments in waste reduction, source


separation, extended producer responsibility, informal recycling sector and
other initiatives will lead to a progressive reduction on the volume and toxicity
of waste sent for disposal, This drew attention to the important role that the
informal recycling sector plays in developing countries like the Philippines.
Tangri likewise added that Waste pickers are the de facto recycling
system in much of the world; if not for their work, the waste problem would be
much worse than it already is. But they can do much more if they are given
investment, opportunities, and above all, respect.
Conceptual Framework
Independent Variable

Dependent Variable

Level of Adaptation
Program:

Status of Go Green
LSPU:

-Reducibility
-Reusability
Significance
of the Study
-Recyclability

-Solid Waste Management


-Water Conservation
-Energy Conservation
-Greening of classrooms
and offices

Fig.1 Schematic Diagram showing the conceptual framework of the study

Significance of the Study

The outcome of study of adaption on climate change: Go Green LSPU


is significant to the following:
The University. It provides awareness to implement the clean and
green environment inside the university.
The Community. The study served as a source of information to the
people of the community and help raise awareness of the efforts present
around them specifically those which concern the environment.
The Local Government Units (LGUs) which encountered difficulties
in managing their solid waste. This can be their guide in their adaptation and
creation of their program of action regarding solid waste management.
The Lawmakers. It is likewise significant to them so that they can pass
future laws concerning the environment, further address problems of solid
waste management in the country.
The Researchers. It proved as to the extent and strength of the RA
9003 as a law. It also presented the active participation of the officials of
LSPU in adopting the law. The study gave the researchers a better
understanding on the implementation of the Solid Waste Management Act.

Scope and Limitation

The study adaption on climate change: Go Green LSPU will be limited


to the four (4) campuses of Laguna State Polytechnic University to wit: Los
Banos, Santa Cruz, San Pablo and Siniloan.
Definition of Terms
For better understanding of the study, the following terms are
operationally defined:
Ecological Solid Waste Management. This term is use to refer to the
systematic administration of activities which provide for segregation at source,
segregated transportation, storage, transfer, processing, treatment, and
disposal of solid waste and all other waste management activities which do
not harm the environment.
Energy conservation. This refers to the preservation of energy to
prevent from being lost.
Go Green. This refers to a philosophy that encourages the redesign of
resource life cycles so that all waste in the university are reused and recycled
designed to maintain a clean and green environment.
Recyclable waste. This refers to the waste material retrieved from the
waste stream and free from contamination that can be still converted into
suitable beneficial use.
Reducibility. This pertains to diminishing something in size or amount
and decreasing its volume.
Reusability. This refers to the capability of a thing to be use again.

Water conservation.
prevent from being wasted.

This pertains to the careful use of water to

Chapter 2
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES