You are on page 1of 1

INFECTION CONTROL

Type Definition Equipment Clinical Application


Standard Reduce the risk of • Gloves • Blood
Precautions transmission of infection • Protective • Body fluids
from all recognized and eyewear • Secretions
unrecognized sources of • Gown/apron • Excretions
infection (formerly called • Mask • Any break in skin
universal precautions) or mucous
membrane
Airborne Reduce the risk of • Special air • Measles
Precautions airborne transmission of handling systems • Tuberculosis
infectious agents • Ventilation • Varicella
systems: HEPA
filter
masks, N95
Respirator
Droplet Reduce the risk of • Surgical mask • Haemophilus
Precautions airborne transmission of influenzae type B
infectious agents (bacterial
transmitted by large meningitis)
particle droplets • Meningococal
meningitis
• Mumps
• Pertussis
• Rubella
• Streptococcal
pharyngitis
• Scarlet fever
Contact Reduce the risk of • Gloves • Enteric infections
Precautions transmission of • Gown (diarrhea)
infectious agents by • Skin/wound
direct patient contact or infections
indirect contact with • Respiratory
contaminated items in syncytial virus
the patient’s (RSV)
environment. • Herpes simplex
• Impetigo
• Viral hemorrhagic
conjunctivitis
• MRSA (methicillin
resistant staph
aureus)
• Scabies
• Conjunctivitis