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SCIENCE INVESTIGATORY PROJECT

  • 1. WHAT IS SIP? The Science Investigatory Project (SIP) is a scientific process involving the use of scientific methods within a specific area of investigation or inquiry. Scientific methods include five steps, namely: identification of the problem; proposition, or formulation, of possible answers to the problem; testing the proposed, or formulated, answers; gathering and analytic evaluation of all relevant data and drawing conclusion based on the available data. Furthermore, a SIP has applications in all physical sciences, such as astronomy, biology, chemistry, geology or medicine, as well as disciplines of social sciences and economics, statistics or computational finance. In each discipline, scientists can potentially make discoveries of great importance to society. SIPs provide practical experience of scientific methods to students and, if conducted by professionals may lead to important, life-improving discoveries.

The first thing to do is to select a topic. The first step in making an investigatory project is selecting a topic to research on. After selecting the topic, narrow down your research into something that you are interested in. Then, make a research question and title. Now that you have your topic, you should now create your Research Question. Your research question is something that you want to test. Something that intrigues you and you want to find out the correct answer. Explore other questions that also interest you. Remember that you must make a scientific inquiry. That means the question or topic can be answered objectively and not through opinions only. The third thing to do is to design the experiments and procedures. In this step, you have to design experiments so that you can answer your research question. In designing the experiments, you have to make a list of the steps to be carried out. You have to make the procedures by yourself or with your group mates. The fourth step is to write the abstract of the project. An abstract is a short explanation of what your investigation project is all about. Next step is to conduct the experiments. Using the procedures you have made in step 3, conduct your experiments and record all data in your observation. Include also those things that happened and you think are interesting. The sixth step is to write a research paper. A research paper is the formal document of your investigatory project. It will be used when you present your investigatory project to your teacher or a set of panelist. You can even present it to an international group of scientists. Lastly, create a visual aid. Make a collection of pictures of the experiment, charts and graphs relevant to the Investigatory Project.

The science investigatory project starts from the Title Page. The title page contains the title of the project which must be brief, simple and catchy. The second part is the Statement of Problems/Objectives. In this part, the nature and scope of the problem should be presented with clarity. Two types of objectives may state as the general objective which is related to the problem as given in the early part of the section and specific objective which states the purpose of each experiment conducted. The third part is the Methodology. Methodology provides enough details so that a competent worker can repeat the experiments. Under this part are the Materials/Equipment and Treatment/General Procedure. Materials/Equipment states the exact technical specifications, quantities and source of method of preparation for all materials used should be given. Specifically, built equipment used in the study must be described and the description accompanied by a picture. On the other hand, treatment/general procedure shows the manner & sequence by which each experiment or set of observations were done & how measurements were obtained should be described in detail. Avoid using the "recipe style" when stating the step-by-step procedure. Use the narrative form in the past tense. The fourth part is the Results and Discussion. This may be divided in to sub- sections describing each set of experiment or observations. The first section is the Findings. The data may be presented in full & discussed descriptively in the test or these maybe summarized in tables, pictures & graphs. The statistical test used to determine the possible significance of the finding should be described. Tables, pictures & graphs should make the presentation of the data more meaningful. The next section is the Analysis of Data. In this section, the interpretations of the findings are discussed & the significant features shown in the tables, figures or graphs are pointed out. The fifth part is the

Conclusions. In this part, the general truth implied or illustrated by the results should be

clearly stated. The evidence based on the results should be summarized for each

statement. The sixth part is giving Recommendations. This consists of suggestions on

future actions such as a new direction of research or further experiments to be performed,

practices that might be adapted or discard in order to attain certain goals or objectives.

Last part is making a Bibliography. This is a list of references used in guiding the

research work and writing and paper.

Summary of the parts of a science investigatory project paper

I.

Title Page

II.

Statement of the Problems/Objectives

  • a. General Objectives

  • b. Specific Objectives

III.

Methodology

  • a. Materials/Equipment

  • b. Treatment/General Procedure

IV.

Results and Discussions

V.

Conclusions

VI.

Recommendation

VII.

Bibliography

  • 4. HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO HAVE A SIP? Science Investigatory Project (SIP) is a long time processed and continuous working

project that undergoes scientific method. According to a report done by a teacher, the process of

making SIP takes months to years. From the sample below, the time table shows almost six (6)

months of making the project. Almost in every month or 2 months, there’s a submission of every

part of SIP to be done by students. Students do gathering of data, observations, analysis, and

comparison of data, interpretation and conclusions for every month. SIP takes almost 6 months

minimum and a year as maximum but still it depends on the chosen project.