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1*

(i)

1 + x2

in ascending powers of x, up to and including the

(4 + 2 x)

term in x 2 .

[3]

(ii)

[1]

(iii)

y=

1 + x2

(4 + 2 x)

1(i)

1 + x2

(4 + 2 x)

= 1 + x2 ( 4 + 2x )

1

= 1 + x2

2

x

1 +

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

1

1

x

x

2

= 1 + x 2 1 + + 2

+ ...

2

2

2

2!

1

x 3

= 1 + x 2 1 + x 2 + ...

2

4 32

1 1

3

1

= x + x 2 + x 2 + ...

2 8

64

2

1 1

35 2

= x + x + ...

2 8

64

(ii)

(iii)

x

<1

2

x

1 < < 1

2

2 < x < 2

1 1

y= x

2 8

[1]

B(1,8) C(0,7)

y=3

A(3,0) O

x=4

The diagram shows the graph of y = f ( x ) . There is a maximum point B ( 1,8 ) and the curve

cuts the axes at the points A ( 3, 0 ) and C ( 0, 7 ) . The lines x = 4 and y = 3 are asymptotes

of the curve.

Sketch, on separate diagrams, the graphs of

(i)

y = f ( x) ,

(ii)

y=

[2]

{f ( 2 x )} ,

1

[3]

stating the equations of the asymptotes and the coordinates of the points corresponding to A,

B and C where possible.

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

2(i)

y

y = f (x)

y=0

B(1,0) O

x = 4

(ii)

y

A(6,0)

y = 3

C (0,7)

B(2,8)

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

y = f(0.5x)

(i)

n

k

k

1

1

( r + 1)( r + 3) = 2 a n + 2 n + 3 ,

r =1

where a is a constant to be determined.

(ii)

( r + 1)( r + 3)

[4]

is at most 1.

r =1

3(i)

( r + 1)( r + 3)

n

( r + 1)( r + 3)

k 1

1

2 r +1 r + 3

r =1

=

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

=

a=

k n 1

1

2 r =1 r + 1 r + 3

k1

22

1

3

1

4

1

5

1

n 1

1

n

1

n +1

1

4

1

5

1

6

1

7

1

n +1

1

n+2

1

n+3

k5

1

1

2 6 n+2 n+3

5

6

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

[2]

5

(ii)

k 5

5k

( r + 1)( r + 3) = 2 6 = 12

r =1

5k

1

12

k

12

5

n

(i)

( )

r 2r

( r + 2 )!

r =1

= 1

2n+1

for all positive integers n.

( n + 2 )!

2n

(ii)

( )

r 2r

( r + 2 )! .

r =n

4(i)

Let Pn denote

( )

r 2r

( r + 2 )!

r =1

= 1

2n +1

for n + .

( n + 2 )!

When n = 1,

1

LHS =

r ( 2r )

( r + 2 )!

r =1

(1) ( 21 )

(1 + 2 )!

2

3!

1

=

3

=

RHS = 1

21+1

(1 + 2 )!

4

3!

2

= 1

3

1

=

3

= 1

Therefore, P1 is true.

Assume Pk is true for some k + ,

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

[5]

[2]

( )

r 2r

i.e.

( r + 2 )!

r =1

Want to prove Pk +1

( )

r 2r

k +1

i.e.

( r + 2 )!

=1

r =1

k +1

LHS =

2k +1

.

( k + 2 )!

is true,

= 1

2k + 2

.

( k + 3 )!

r ( 2r )

( r + 2 )!

r =1

( k + 1) ( 2k +1 )

( r + 2 )! ( k + 3)!

r =1

k +1

2k +1 ( k + 1) ( 2 )

= 1

+

( k + 3)!

( k + 2 ) !

k

r ( 2r )

( 2k +1 ) ( k + 3) ( k + 1) ( 2k +1 )

=1

( k + 3)!

( k + 3) !

( 2k +1 ) ( k + 3) ( k + 1)

=1

( k + 3)!

( 2k +1 ) ( 2 )

=1

( k + 3)!

2k +2

=1

( k + 3)!

= RHS

Since P1 is true, and Pk is true Pk +1 is true, by mathematical

induction, Pn is true for all n + .

(ii)

2n

r ( 2r )

( r + 2 )!

r =n

2n

=

r =1

r ( 2r )

n 1

r ( 2r )

( r + 2 )!

r =1 ( r + 2 ) !

22 n +1

2n

= 1

( 2n + 2 ) ! ( n + 1) !

2n

22 n +1

=

( n + 1)! ( 2n + 2 )!

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

5*

Find

(i)

(ii)

(3sin 2 sec )

4

(5 + 4x 4x2 )

dx ,

2

[3]

d .

[4]

5 + 4x 4x2

5(i)

= 4 x 2 x

4

2

2

1 1 5

= 4 x

2 2 4

2

2

3

1 6

1

= 4 x = 4 x

2 4

2

2

4

5 + 4 x 4 x2

4

4 32 ( x

1 2

2

dx

3

2

( x 12 )

or

4

6 ( 2 x 1)

dx

dx

x 1

2

= 2sin 1

+C

3

2

(ii)

dx

2x 1

2 sin 1

+C

6

or

2

(3sin 2 sec ) d

9

2

(1 cos 4 )d 6 2sin cos sec d + sec d

2

9

= (1 cos 4 )d 12 sin d + sec 2 d

2

9

1

2

4

9

9

= sin 4 + 12 cos + tan + c

2

8

=

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

8

6

Referred to the origin O, the points A and B are such that OA = a and OB = b . The point P

on AB is such that AP : PB = 2 : 3 . It is given that a = 5 , b = 3 and OP is perpendicular to

AB.

(i)

Show that a b = 3 .

[3]

(ii)

[2]

(iii)

6(i)

Find the exact length of projection of OB onto OA.

1

By Ratio Theorem, OP = ( 3a + 2b ) .

5

Since OP AB, OP AB = 0 .

1

( 3a + 2b ) ( b a ) = 0

5

3a b 3a a + 2b b 2b a = 0

2

a b 3 a + 2 b = 0

a b 15 + 18 = 0

a b = 3

(ii)

cos AOB =

a b

a b

3

3 5

1

5

Length of projection of OB onto OA

(iii)

=

b a

a

3

5

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

[1]

9

7

A water tank in the shape of an inverted cone has a height twice that of its radius. Water is

poured into the cone. Given that, when the depth of the water is 10 cm, the volume of water is

increasing at a rate of 10 cm 3s 1 , find the rate of increase at this instant of

(i)

[5]

(ii)

the curved surface area of the cone in contact with the water.

[2]

7(i)

1 2

r h and the curved surface area is rl .]

3

Let the radius of the water surface, the depth of the water, the slant height of the water and

the volume of the water at time t seconds be r cm, h cm, l cm and V cm3 respectively.

1

1

2

V = r 2 h = r 2 (2r ) = r 3

3

3

3

dV dV dr

dr

=

= 2 r 2

dt

dr dt

dt

h = 2r = 10 r = 5

dV

= 10 and r = 5,

dt

dr

10 = 2 (5)2

dt

dr 1

=

dt 5

Using Pythagoras' theorem,

When

l 2 = ( 2r ) 2 + r 2

l = 5r

dl dl dr

dr

5

1

or 0.44721

= = 5

= 5 =

dt dr dt

dt

5 5

The rate of increase of the slant height of the cone in contact with the water is

(or 0.447 cms1) .

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

5

cms1

5

10

7(ii)

A = rl = r

( 5r ) =

5 r 2

dA dA dr

dr

=

= 2 5 r

dt dr dt

dt

When r = 5,

dr 1

= .

dt 5

dA

1

= 2 5 ( 5 ) = 2 5 = 14.0496

dt

5

The rate of increase of the curved surface area of the cone in contact with the water is

2 5 cm 2s 1 (or 14.0 cm2s1).

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

11

8(i)

(i)

Find the equations of the tangent and normal to the curve at the point P ( 2, 4 ) .

(ii)

The tangent at P meets the y-axis at A and the normal at P meets the x-axis at B. Find

the area of triangle APB.

[3]

x 2 2 xy + 2 y 2 = 12

dy

dy

2x 2x + 2 y + 4 y

=0

dx

dx

dy

dy

2x 2 y = 2x 4 y

dx

dx

dy

2x 2 y = (2x 4 y )

dx

dy 2 x 2 y

=

dx 2 x 4 y

x y

=

x 2y

At P ( 2, 4 ) :

dy 2 4

=

dx 2 8

1

=

3

Equation of tangent:

1

( x 2)

3

1

10

y= x+

3

3

Gradient of normal = 3

y4=

Equation of normal:

y 4 = 3 ( x 2 )

y = 3 x + 10

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

[5]

12

8(ii)

10

3

10

A 0,

3

When normal meets x-axis at B, y = 0

y=

3 x = 10

10

3

10

B ,0

3

Area of triangle APB

x=

1

= AP BP

2

1

40

160

2

9

9

40

=

units 2 (or 4.44 units 2 )

9

=

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

13

9

(a)

An arithmetic progression A has first term 3 and the sum of the terms from the

16th term to the 30th term inclusive is 2025. Show that the common difference is 6. [3]

If Sn is the sum of the first n terms of A, show that the sum of the first

n even-numbered terms of A, that is, the second, fourth, sixth, terms, is given by

1

2 + Sn .

n

[2]

9(a)

30

15

2 ( 3) + 29d 2 ( 3) + 14d = 2025

2

2

330d = 1980

d=6

n

6 + ( n 1) 6 = 3n 2

2

Sum of 1st n even-numbered terms

Sn =

n

2 ( 3 + 6 ) + ( n 1)12

2

n

[6 + 12n ]

2

= 3n 2 + 2

n

= 2 + Sn

n

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

14

9(b)

4

A geometric series G has first term 30 and common ratio . Write down the sum,

5

[1]

Find the least value of n for which the magnitude of the difference between S n and

the sum to infinity of the series is less than 0.004.

[3]

Determine if the new series is convergent.

9(b)

[1]

4 n

30 1

5 50 4 n

Sn =

=

1

3 5

4

1

5

Sn S < 0.004

n

50 4 50

< 0.004

1

3 5 3

50 4

< 0.004

3 5

n

3

4

< 0.004

50

5

3

ln 0.004

50

n>

4

ln

5

n > 37.352

Least value of n is 38.

New series

1 1

1

1

1

+ + 2 + 3 + 4 + is a geometric series with

a ar ar

ar

ar

common ratio

1

5

= .

r

4

Since

1 5

= > 1 , the new series is not convergent.

r 4

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

15

10*

(i)

to and including the term in x 3 .

(ii)

[3]

( 2 cos 5 2 ) 2 in ascending

[2]

Two particles A and B produce y units of energy when they are x units away from their

original position at x = 0 . The energy produced by particles A and B can be found by the

equations

y = ln ( 3 + x ) and

1

y = ( 2 cos 5 x 2 ) 2

respectively, where x 0 .

(iii)

Explain in the context of the question, what is meant by the solution to the

equation

1

ln ( 3 + x ) = ( 2 cos 5 x 2 ) 2 .

(iv)

[1]

Using your answers from parts (i) and (ii), find an estimate for the maximum distance

from the original position such that the difference in energy produced by both

particles is at most 0.4 units.

[2]

[You may assume that both particles are at the same distance from the original

position.]

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

16

10(i)

Let y = ln(3 + x )

dy

1

= (3 + x )

dx

d2 y

2

= (3 + x )

2

dx

d3 y

3

= 2 (3 + x )

dx3

When x = 0 ,

dy 1

d2 y

1

y = ln 3,

= ,

= ,

2

dx 3

dx

9

2

3

x x

x

y = ln 3 + + +

3 18 81

(ii)

d3 y 2

=

dx 3 27

1

( 2 cos 5 )

2

1

2

2

2

5 2 )

(

+

= 2 1

(iii)

(iv)

25

2

= 1 + 4 +

2

1 25

= 1+ 4 +

2 2

25

= 1+ 4 +

4

The solution (x value) denotes the distance in units

where both particles produce the same number of

units of energy.

ln 3 +

x x 2 x3 25 4

+ 1 + x 0.4

3 18 81

4

Or

0.4 ln 3 +

x x 2 x3 25 4

+ 1 + x 0.4

3 18 81

4

An estimate for the maximum distance is 0.572 units.

(3 s.f.)

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

17

11

(i)

Find a vector equation of the line through the points A and B with position vectors

3i + 4 j + 5k and i + 12 j + 9k respectively.

(ii)

[2]

The perpendicular to this line from the point C with position vector 2i + j 2k meets

the line at the point N. Find the position vector of N.

[3]

(iii)

[2]

(iv)

[3]

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

18

11(i)

1 3 4

1

AB = 12 4 = 8 = 4 2

9 5 4

1

3

1

l AB : r = 4 + 2 ,

5

1

1

1

or l AB : r = 12 + 2 ,

9

1

(ii)

3

1

ON = 4 + 2 for some

5

1

3

1 2 1

1

CN = 4 + 2 1 = 3 + 2

5

1 2 7

1

Since CN AB,

1

CN 2 = 0

1

1

1 1

3 + 2 2 = 0

7

1 1

1 1

1 1

3 2 + 2 2 = 0

7 1

1 1

12 + 6 = 0

= 2

3 1 5

ON = 4 2 2 = 0

5 1 3

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

19

11(iii)

2 3 1

1

AC = 1 4 = 3 = 3

2 5 7

7

Cartesian eqn of line AC:

or

(iv)

x3 =

y 4 z 5

=

3

7

x2 =

y 1 z + 2

=

3

7

1

= OA OB

2

1

=

2

3 1

4 12

5 9

1

=

2

24

32

40

3

1

= 8 4

2

5

= 4 9 + 16 + 25

= 4 50

= 20 2

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

20

12

A container is made up of an open cylinder of varying height h cm and varying radius r cm,

and a hollow hemispherical lid of varying radius r cm. It costs 5 cents per square centimetre

to manufacture the base, 3 cents per square centimetre to manufacture the curved surface of

the cylinder and 4 cents per square centimetre to manufacture the curved surface of the

hemisphere.

(i)

Given that the cylinder is of fixed volume V cm3 , show that the manufacturing cost

1

3V 3

of the container is minimum when r is

.

13

(ii)

Using the value of r in part (i) and taking V to be 30, find the maximum number of

containers that a person can buy if he has $22.

[2]

[The surface area of a sphere is 4 r 2 .]

12(i) V = r 2 h

h =

[7]

V

r2

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

21

C = 4 ( 2 r 2 ) + 3 ( 2 rh ) + 5 ( r 2 )

V

=13 r 2 + 6 r 2

r

6V

=13 r 2 +

r

dC

= 13 ( 2r ) + 6V ( r 2 )

dr

6V

= 26 r 2

r

dC

Let

=0

dr

6V

26 r 2 = 0

r

3

26 r = 6V

6V

26

3V

=

13

3V

r=3

13

2

dC

= 26 6V ( 2r 3 )

dr 2

12V

= 26 + 3

r

12V

= 26 +

3V

13

= 26 + 52

= 78 > 0

r3 =

when r =

3V

.

13

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

[Shown]

22

(ii)

C = 13 r 2 +

6V

r

3V

= 13 3

13

6V

+

3V

3

13

2

180

90 3

= 13

+

1

13

90 3

13

= 207.48 cents

= $2.0748

22

2.0748

= 10.603

Maximum number of containers he can buy is 10.

13

1

for x , x 2, x 2.

f:x 2

x 4

(i)

[2]

1

for x , x a , x 3, x b.

g:x

x3

It is given that the function fg exists.

(ii)

[2]

(iv)

( x 3)

.

( 2 x 5)( 7 2 x )

Solve the inequality fg ( x ) > 0.

[3]

(v)

[3]

(iii)

13(i)

Show that fg ( x ) =

y

y = f(x)

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

2

1/4

y=0

[2]

23

(ii)

For fg to exist, Rg Df .

Hence, g ( x ) cannot take the values 2 and 2.

1

5

= 2 x =

x 3

2

1

7

= 2 x =

x 3

2

The values of a and b are

(iii)

f g(x) =

5

7

and .

2

2

1

2

4

x 3

1

1 4 ( x 3)

( x 3)

2

x 3)

(

=

2

12 2 ( x 3)

2

x 3)

(

=

1 + 2 ( x 3) 1 2 ( x 3)

2

x 3)

(

=

(shown)

( 2 x 5)( 7 2 x )

2

(iv)

( x 3)

>0

( 7 2 x )( 2 x 5)

2

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

24

2.5

3.5

Solving,

5

7

< x < 3 or 3 < x <

2

2

5

7

or

<x< , x3

2

2

(v)

y

y = g(x)

(7/2, 2)

(5/2, 2)

x=3

Rg = { y : y 2, 0, 2}

Referring to the graph of y = f(x) in part (i),

1

4

OR

Sketch the graph of y = fg(x).

5/2

x

y = 1/4

7/2

y = fg(x)

x = 5/2

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

x = 7/2

*: Not in topics tested for 2014 SRJC Promo

25

1

4

IJC/2013/JC19740/01/Oct/13

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