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ollowing Prime Minister


F
Narendra Modis blistering
attack, Bihar Chief Minister
Nitish Kumar and RJD supremo Lalu Prasad both retaliated strongly saying it does
not behove a Prime Minister
to use the kind of language he
used at his Muzaffarpur rally.
Both said that Bharatiya
Jumla Party and Bharat Jalao
Party will not succeed in its
designs in Bihar polls.
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He stooped so low that he
<PXSP]<diPUUPa_da^]BPcdaSPh
?C8 questioned my DNA. Earlier,
ditch his friends like his former Nitin Gadkari had blamed
Janata Dal colleague George that casteism was in the DNA
Fernandes, the BJP with whom of Bihar and now Modi poked
he severed ties due to his prac- fun at my DNA. Bihar is in my
tice of political untouchability; DNA and the PM has insultBJP leader and former Bihar ed entire Bihar. The Bihari
508I0=07<03Q
publicly with his bte noire Deputy Chief Minister Sushil DNA is that ek Bihari sab par
?0C=0<DI0550A?DA
Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Modi and former Chief bhari and they will prove it in
Kumar and even lavished praise Minister Jitan Ram Manjhi. the election, said Nitish, who
ithin a few hours and on him. Cut to Muzaffarpur, at The DNA of democracy is not held a Press conference on
over a 75-odd km stretch, the Parivartan Rally where he like that. In democracy, you Saturday to counter point by
Prime Minister Narendra kicked off BJPs poll campaign, give respect even to your polit- point all charges that the PM
Modis shifting of gears was he lost no time in changing ical rivals, Modi said.
levelled against him and the
unmistakable on Saturday.
tack to don the mantle of his
He accused Nitish of back- issues he raised.
In Patna, at the official partys chief campaigner and stabbing the people of Bihar at
Turn to Page 4
function to launch several launch a direct frontal attack, the expense of the development
developmental projects, Modi his fiercest yet, on Nitish.
of the State, for which, he special package bigger than
as the Prime Minister showModi said it was Nitishs announced, he will, post- the C50,000 crore
cased an unusual bonhomie political DNA that led him to Parliament Session, dole out a
Turn to Page 4

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?=BQ =4F34;78

mid the ongoing logjam in Parliament


A
with the Opposition demanding her resignation, External Affairs Minister Sushma
Swaraj on Saturday took to Twitter to defend
herself saying she neither recommended travel documents
for Lalit Modi nor spoke to
British MP Keith Vaz to allow
the former IPL chief to travel
outside England.
Swaraj, in a series of
tweets, tried to explain her
position against allegations of helping the former IPL chief. I am saying this time and
again, that I never requested or recommended travel documents for Lalit Modi,
Swaraj tweeted. She added that it was
absolutely false that she spoke to Keith Vaz,
the British Labour MP, and urged the
British Government to let Modi travel.
Responding to her tweets people following her on Twitter urged her to tell her
side of the story. To which she said: As a
Minister I am accountable to Parliament.
Turn to Page 4

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?C8
BC055A4?>AC4A Q =4F34;78

ndias Test discard S Sreesanth


and two other cricketers Ajit
Chandila and Ankeet Chavan
were on Saturday discharged in
the sensational 2013 IPL-6 spotfixing case by a court here which
held that police have failed to
make out a case against them.
All are discharged,
Additional Sessions Judge
Neena Bansal Krishna said
while pronouncing the order
clearing in all, 36 people
accused of cheating, cheating
by personation and conspiracy along with charges under
the tough Maharashtra
Control of Organised Crime
Act (MCOCA).
The three cricketers, who
were banned for life from the
game by the BCCI immediately after police action in the
alleged scam two years ago,
were clubbed with underworld
fugitive dons Dawood Ibrahim
and Chhota Shakeel. They were
accused of involvement in
organised crime syndicate run
by the dons.
But the court, which was to
decide whether to frame charges
in the case, however, said the
police was also unable to substantiate charges under MCOCA
and also under the Indian Penal
Code. Six accused including
Ibrahim and Shakeel were
declared proclaimed offenders.
It was of the view that there

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=4F34;78

otwithstanding the verN


dict of a Delhi court
dropping charges against former India pacer S Sreesanth
and two others in the 2013
spot-fixing scandal, the Board
of Control for Cricket in India
(BCCI) has decided to stick to
its ban on the three cricketers
for the time being.
All the 36 accused including Sreesanth, Ankeet Chavan
and Ajit Chandila were on
Saturday discharged in the
IPL-6 spot fixing case by
Patiala House Court but BCCI
said its disciplinary decision
remained unaltered.
Any disciplinary proceeding or decision taken by the
BCCI is independent to any
criminal proceeding and has no
bearing. The decisions of the
BCCI, based on its independent
disciplinary action, shall remain
unaltered, BCCI said in a
statement issued on Saturday.
was no evidence in the case to
frame charges in which the
Delhi Police had first filed a
Turn to Page 4
Related reports on P10

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irth anniversaries are the


B
intangible pearls that string
together life, death and the infi-

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nite space of time thereafter.


And July 26 marks one such
continuum the birth of the
legendary Jim Corbett, 140
years ago in the hills of
Uttarakhand.
Immortalised the world
over as much for his heroic
exploits of hunting man-eating
tigers as for his love of nature,
it was in the quaint locales of
Nainital that the British conservationist took birth and
spent the most important years
of his life. Of how close these
mountains of Uttarakhand
were to Corbetts heart was laid
bare by the words engraved on
his gravestone in Nyeri, KenyaJim Corbett, from Nainital.
It was in 1862 that Corbetts
parents made Nainital their
home when Jims father,
William Christopher Corbett,
became the citys postmaster.
Thirteen years later, Jim was
born to a large family of siblings and he manifested his love
for the picturesque natural settings of his birthplace from an

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early age. Instinctively and by
observation, Corbett came to
identify animals and birds by
their calls as he developed a
knack for tracking and hunting.
Though an avid nature
lover and conservationist,
Corbett tracked and shot a total

of 33 man-eaters between 1907


and 1938, though only about a
dozen were actually well- documented. It is claimed that
these big cats had killed more
than 1,200 men, women and
children. The first tiger he
killed, the Champawat Tiger in

Champawat, was responsible


for 436 documented deaths.
Though most of his kills
were tigers, Corbett successfully killed at least two man-eating
leopards. The first was the Panar
Leopard in 1910, which allegedly killed 400 people. The second

was the man-eating Leopard of


Rudraprayag in 1926, which
terrorised the pilgrims to the
Hindu shrines of Kedarnath
and Badrinath for more than
eight years, claiming responsibility for more than 126 deaths.
Other notable man-eaters
he killed were the Talla-Des
man-eater, the Mohan maneater, the Thak man-eater, the
Muktesar man-eater and the
Chowgarh tigress.
When Jim was little, each
winter, the family shifted to
their beautiful colonial cottage
called Arundel at a verdant
place that is popularly known as
Corbetts Village and officially
named, Kaladhungi. Lying in
Himalayan foothills, this place is
bestowed with spectacular scenic
beauty and the surrounding
woods and its wildlife intrigued
Jim, and as a rather small child,
he would set out to the forests,
soaking in the habitat.
Sadly, when he was only
four-years-old, he lost his
father, and his elder brother
took over as the postmaster of
the area. Following this, in
1881, Jims mother, Mary Jane
along with her many children
shifted from their abode
Turn to Page 4

nun was on Saturday


A
denied permission to write
the All-India Pre-Medical
Entrance Test (AIPMT) in
Thiruvananthapuram after she
refused to remove her veil and
Holy Cross as
required under
the CBSEs new
dress code.
The nun,
Sister Seba,
who was to
appear for the
examination at the Jawahar
Central
School
at
Kanjiramkulam, one of the 30
examination centres in
Thiruvananthapuram, said she
had sought permission to write
the exam with her veil and
Holy Cross on, but the school
principal denied her permission quoting the new dress
code of the CBSE.
I reached there well before
the start of the test. I thought
they would let me write the
exam with the veil and Cross
on after frisking, the nun said.
Turn to Page 4

UX[\bce!

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CReVU+) "!
his is no fun movie about the
Banaras which we have seen in
Bollywood through ages but with
tinted glasses of either foreign tourism
or as a heavy on the heart town of
death and pyres.
Having said that, this one too is
about death (Masaan means death) and
kriya-karam ghats but it is thrown at
you with a strange cushion of life
happening just as it does alongside the
end of a journey.
It is the wanton realism of the films
that takes it over and above all the
other filmmakers who have centred
around Kashi to tell you their stories,
be it of romance or otherwise.
But Masaan packs a punch by
showing you Kashi and the
Kashiwallahs exactly as they are and as
they live their life. Nothing is dressed
up or underdone. Everything is apt and
to the point.
This, however, does not make
Masaan a cut and dry kind of docudrama around Varanasi. With Richa
Chadha as the Kashi girl in a mess as its
central character and also its main story,
the debutante director has shown his
refreshing cinematic prowess by keeping
you entwined in the life and times of a
bevy of small town men, women and all
their negativities. There is no escape
from these negativities in the entire film
but still there are these oases of relief
that come in the form of a budding
romance between a Doms son and an
upper caste college girl. There is
humour, there is everyday life, there is
pathos and there is corruption, police
blackmail and there is life happening all
the time at the door of death.
Indeed, it is an engaging and true
slice of life that many of us life but may

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his is not the Sherlock Holmes
you may have grown up with.
He is not young, far from cocky
or even self-assured though some of
his dry humour does manage to save
itself from all the wrinkling of a 93year-old Mr Holmes.
Battling the rigours of age and
distinct memory losses (he keeps
writing the names of people around
him on his shirt sleeve lest he
forgets), this very old Mr Holmes
delves into something Sherlock
Holmes never has his own
emotional state. This brings him to
lend his thoughts to his last case of a
woman who kills herself which
happened 30 years ago but has
haunted him ever since. The reason?
His emotions for once soared over his
logic.
The age and the overwhelming
wrinkles of this 93-year-old hero

played to perfection by Ian McClean,


however, do not come in the way of
him, shaping the case of this film
alongside retirement memories, beekeeping, relationship building and
attempting to do everything he can to
save his memory, which means he
even goes to Japan to get the prickly
ash which is meant to restore
memory gaps.
The director and the writer have
done well to keep the movie powerful
despite the lack of a real case or the
fervency of youthful investigations.
The film, going into frequent
flashbacks, grows on you despite the
frailties of your evergreen Arthur
Conan Doyle hero. Here, he is more
cynical than usual, does not wear the
hat he is known to and prefers to
smoke a cigar which he never has in
any previous film. And Mr Watson is
never seen even once though the
director does well to keep his
presence rather constant in the film.
It is a slow moving, emotional Mr
Holmes you have. But age and
wrinkles keep you aptly buried in the
proceedings nevertheless.

not really want to go through. A perfect


pedestal for the launch of a directorial
journey through big screen life.
Richa Chadha holds forth well
though one feels she could have been
given more nuance than her singletrack role allows her histrionics skills.

C4;4C0;4

6PDOOLVELJ
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his is no Avengers though there is
a run-in between the Ant-man
and one of the Avengers to keep
you interested in the strain of thought
and, of course, the Marvel comics
chain.
You would have preferred to go
into this film with a lot more action
than it lets out but the overwhelming
feeling you walk away with long after
the film ends is the fact that the
director and the special effects team do
manage to deliver a punch with this
miniature mans big action saga.
Michael Douglas as the harbinger
of the ant-man technology and the
owner of a mighty tech empire (now
ousted from it by his daughter) gives
the film a tight togetherness and holds
it well despite there being no familiar
big heroes from the Marvel clan.
This Marvel character is the size of
an inch but deadly than deadlier. It can
be used for warfare, to penetrate into
molecular holes and be used for all
kinds of surveillance activities.
With such tech prowess, it is only
natural that the technology has to be
hijacked with unscrupulous elements
which in this case is Cross, Douglas
long estranged protege and now the
head of Pye Technologies.
He is bald, menacing,
unscrupulous and a cold blooded
murderer who wants to make it big
with the Ant-man technology which,
incidentally, has been hidden away by
Douglas for decades fearing misuse.
The action in the film makes you
want more but the story still makes its
mark with all the familial
emotionalism, father-daughter woes,
dangerous futurisms and of course the
one-inch ant-man who saves the world
alongside a colony of real-time ants
and their architectural, bullet, fire and
carpentry tenets.

*RRGRQO\LQ
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CReVU+& "!
hy would writer-director
Biswajeet Bora not release this
film when the entire world
was celebrating World Environment
Day on June 5? This, despite the fact
that there is a dialogue which says that
environment day is to be celebrated on
June 5! To release this film as a
documentary would have been a better
option.
It is good to know that there are
people who want to celebrate Nature
and make films on the subject,
nowhere does it say that one has to
take actors who have nothing to offer
in terms of performance.
Ira Dubey with her bad Assamese
accent really gets on ones nerves.
Palash Sen just ambles along. He
should stick to singing. Yashpal Sharma
does manage to do justice to his
character even though his role is
limited. It is the younger lot
Kymsleen Kholie, who plays Pakhi who
manages to endear herself.
Besides the acting, it is the manner
the whole project has been executed
that makes this one a rather tedious
watch.
The misplaced item number does
nothing to elevate the movie even
though there are some great shots of
Assam. Those who feel that there are
not enough movies on the Northeastern States, this will make for an
interesting watch.
The other saving grace of the
movie is that it has a great concept.

F0C27?:>=B>=H<0G

Watch the premiere of PK on


Sunday, July 26 at 1 pm only on Sony
Max. Starring Aamir Khan, Anushka
Sharma, Sanjay Dutt and Sushant Singh
Rajput in lead roles with Ranbir Kapoor
making a cameo appearance, the film
revolves around PK (Aamir Khan), an
alien who lands up on Earth. He tries to
satiate his child-like curiosity and ends
up dispelling myths about religious
beliefs and dogmas of society with the
help of journalist Jaggu Sahni (Anushka
Sharma).

78BC>AH2><4B0;8E4

Discovery Channel will air the


exclusive programme Revealed:
Humanyuns Tomb on Monday at 9 pm.
The one-hour special will unravel many
concealed secrets of this architectural
marvel and narrate the majestic story
behind the life of the Mughal Emperor
Humayun and his dynasty. From
Humayuns exile in Persia to his death as
he tumbled down his library staircase to
the rise of Akbar, the programme will
reveal many such intriguing stories. This
is the first time ever that a true-to-scale
3D frames of the complex structure have
been created. The programme will also
follow the restoration work undertaken by
the Aga Khan Trust for Culture in
partnership with Archeological Survey of
India to meticulously restore the lost
grandeur of the monument.

BWP[X]XBPZbT]P

Love in the time


of royal intrigue
5a^\PfPcTa_a^^UaT_[XRP^U1Pa^SP?P[PRTc^VTccX]VcWTQTbc^U
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rom stylish carpets to Belgian
chandeliers, ball dance floors,
F
chiffon sarees shipped from England,
designer jewellery, vintage cars, antique
furniture, old cameras, horse carts,
costumes, royal mannerisms and clay
utensils, cotton sarees, old cycles, and
much more. The pre-independence era
of 1940s is all set to come alive in Zees
newest period romance Ek Thha Raja
Ek Thhi Rani.
The 1940s were a time of change,
politics and intrigues. In the history of
India, the pre-Independence decade
was the most happening. Amid all this
churning, there is a love story that
unfolds taking mysterious turns. How
a small town girls (Gayatri), big dreams
of marrying a prince and living a
princess life, comes true.
But Indrawadan Singh Deo the nononsense, brooding prince of the royal
family of Amerkot, marries Gayatri in
mysterious circumstances. Then there
is a secret room in the palace where a
woman is kept captive for years,
Sunjoy Wadhwa, the co-producer,
Sphere Origins tells you adding that the
show will go on air from July 27 at 9:30
pm.
The casting of the show has been
done on a grand scale and the makers
tell you that the chemistry between
Drashti Dhami and Siddhant Karnik
will work like magic. From roping in
seasoned actors like Anita Raj, Surekha
Sikri and Darshan Zariwala to popular
stars like Moon Bannerjee and Akshay
Anand, the showmakers are leaving no
stone unturned to make it different and
appealing to the audience.
The characterisation is very
different and how they all come

together and bond with each other in


this period romance will be exciting to
watch out for. I took training in horse
riding, action stunts, body language and
diction. It was challenging to get into
the character as I prefer to be
spontaneous when it comes to playing
a character, Karnik says.
In order to re-create of the preIndependence era, it took more than a
year for this show to reach the audience.
The story is penned by Nilanjana
Purkayastha who is also the creative
producer. Research and production
work took us a-year-and-a-half. We
referred to many books and old pictures
and videos. I spoke to many people on
how the royalty used to behave. We also
took our time to decide on the location
which we found in Bikanair and
Baroda. We roped in Chandravadan
More, National Award winning art
director to replicate the Baroda Palace
which is the only waterproof set made
for a TV show. It took 300 workers to
create the replica of the palace in
Naigaon, Wadhwa says.
Pradeep Hejmadi, Zee TV business
head tells you that the show is the most
expensive and interesting TV show ever
made so far on Indian TV. ETRETR is
a beautiful love story. We have seen
many mythological shows but the preIndependence era had so far remained
unexplored. We have captured the
1940s period rather well and hope that
the viewers also have a similar take. A
blend of love in the time of change is
what the show is all about. The serial
is a journey of a couple through
different phases in their lives, secrets,
hopes, desires, conspiracy and
opulence, Hejmadi tells you.

7KLVZLOOEHP\ELJFRPHEDFN

BWTbW^cc^UP\TPb6TTcP]S<PSWdQP[Pf^]9WP[PZ! "P]ScWT]c^^ZPQaTPZc^VTc\PaaXTS=^f
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PQ^dc_[PhX]V6PhPcaXP]SW^fcWTbW^ffX[[QTcWT]TgcQXVcWX]V^]cWTb\P[[bRaTT]
Q Whats Gayatris story in Ek

Thha Raja Ek Thhi Rani?


As Geet and Madhubala I
portrayed an aspirational woman
struggling for that perfect life
partner. Those were stories of
hope, desire, love, betrayal, crime
and relationship values. Gayatri,
however, is the tale of a girl from
a middle class family who believes
in fairytale romance. How she
finds her prince charming and
how her life changes after
marriage is what the show is all
about.
QWas it a conscious decision to
do a period romance?
Yes, it was on my bucket list.
When I heard the script of Ek
Thha Raja, Ek Thhi Rani, I
immediately said yes. Its a
different and challenging project.
After Madhubala, I was waiting
for a big show. I turned down
several offers because I wanted to
do something worthwhile.
ETRETR is the perfect show that
has come my way. The content is
strong and the producers sound.
I could not have asked for

anything better.

Q Were you in a hurry to make

a comeback post marriage?


No. I wanted to settle down
and take care of my personal life.
Madhubala ended at the right
time. I left when I was at the peak

of my career. One thing I was sure


of I wanted to come back with
a big show.
Q How is married life treating
you?
Great. The popular perception
is that once an actress gets

married, her career ends. But


many actors are now doing
fabulous work after marriage.
Balancing work and family is an
art. Im blessed to have a husband
and in-laws who are supportive
and encouraging. Life has not
changed much. People are asking
me about my weight gain but Im
comfortable with it.
Q What kind of research did
you do for this show?
More than me, it was the
creative team and the production
house that did that. It took years
of research to bring that era
(1940s) to life. The clothes,
hairstyle, dialogues, lifestyle and
other aspects had to be authentic.
I initially struggled with the
dialogues as they are in chaste
Hindi. Pronouncing words like
pustak-kalam had to be worked
on. It is because of the hard work
of our research team that I am so
well-prepared.
Q Do you think this show will
garner viewership?
There is no show on TV right
now that is set in the 1940s. Its a

love story which will unveil many


secrets. That will, I hope, keep the
viewers glued.
Q Tell us about your look?
It is the best get-up I have
donned. It had been a pretty
smooth transition for me from
playing a Punjabi kudi in Geet and
then a Mumbaikar in Madhubala.
In Ek Thha Raja, I love the feel of
cotton sarees with printed blouses
and all those retro hairdos. The
make-up is a little different too. I
wear a thick eyeliner. When the
get-up was describe to me, I
wondered how I would look. I
loved the end result and hope the
viewers love it too.
Q After the success of Geet and
Madhubala, what expectations
do you have from this show?
More than me, my viewers
have expectations. I have put in a
lot of hard work and will accept
whatever the popular verdict will
be. I hope that people accept the
jodi of Gayatri and Rana
Indravadhan Singh Deo (played by
Siddhant Karnick) as they have
accepted me in all my other shows.

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BC055A4?>AC4AQ =4F34;78

mid ongoing tussle


between
Lieutenant
A
Governor Najeeb Jung and
Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal
over control of Delhi
Governments anti-corruption
branch, the Kejriwals much
hyped helpline number 1031
itself has come under scrutiny
of the probe agency. Joint
Commissioner of Police and
Anti-Corruption Branch chief
Mukesh Kumar Meena on
Saturday ordered a probe into
the tendering process for award
of contract to operate the
helpline number. Meena has

sought a detailed report on


whether due procedure was followed while awarding the contract to a private firm and also
questioned the competence of
the agency in handling corruption-related issues. The
ACBs move will further escalate tussle between Meena and
the Kejriwal Government.
Sources close to Meena
said a private firm named
Caretel Infotech Limited has
been awarded three-year contract by the Delhi Government
for operating the anti-corruption helpline 1031. The Delhi
Government has not revealed
where the helpline is operating.

It is also a fact that the Delhi


Government had earlier transferred all DANICS officials
engaged in filtering of the call
received on the helpline due to
decline in the number of call.
The helpline was launched
by the Ar vind Kejriwal
Government on April 5 this
year. Since then, the
Government has been locked
in fight with the LieutenantGovernor over control of the
ACB. It appears that the contract was awarded without
transparent tendering process.
It needs to be probed as to
which companies had bid for
the contract, a source said. I

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have ordered an enquiry into


the tendering process for award
of contract to operate helpline
number 1031. A detailed report
has been sought into the matter, Meena said.
Sources said Meena has

also questioned whether the


private agency has the expertise
in dealing with such complaints. It needs to come into
the public domain as to who is
operating the helpline number.

Who are these people and are


they legally competent enough
to deal with corruption complaints or take legal calls, ACB
officials said. Sources said the
Delhi Government has initial-

ly awarded the contract for


three years which can be
extended for another two years
on completion of the contract.
The latest move is expected to
escalate the tussle between the
AAP Government and the LtGovernor, who had appointed
Meena as the ACB chief superseding Kejriwals handpick

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00?)E8B7F0BA403H
5>A3410C4F8C710BB8

BC055A4?>AC4AQ =4F34;78

s Prime Minister Narendra


Modi hit the campaign
A
trail for Bihar Assembly elections, the Aam Aadmi Party
(AAP) has announced that it is
sending a team to the State
with a specific anti-BJP, antiPM Modi brief. AAP leader
Ashutosh said on Saturday
morning that the 20-member
team would leave soon for
Bihar, where they will campaign not in favour of any
party, but to ensure the defeat
of the BJP. The party has
already announced that it
will not contest the Bihar
Assembly elections due in
October, to ensure that antiBJP votes are not divided.
The Pioneer has earlier
reported that Delhi Chief
Minister Arvind Kejriwal is
likely to share dais with Bihar
Chief Minister Nitish Kumar

3T[WX2WXTU<X]XbcTa0aeX]S:TYaXfP[fXcWWXb1XWPaR^d]cTa_Pac=XcXbW:d\PaSdaX]VcWT[PccTabaTRT]ceXbXcc^3T[WX 5X[T_W^c^

in the upcoming Bihar election campaign. Kumar has in


recent days seemed to warm
up to Delhi Chief Minister
Arvind Kejriwal.
It is noted that Kumar had
met Kejriwal four times in the
past five month after the AAP
Government come to power
in Delhi this February. Kumar
has also supported Kejriwals
demand to grant full
Statehood to Delhi.

In the multiple meetings of


the two Chief Ministers, there
was speculation that Kejriwal
could address a rally in Bihar
in support of Kumar. There are
also said to be plans to organise a rally of Nitish Kumar in
Delhi where the two could
share stage. The Janata Dal (U)
is going to contest Bihar
Assembly election on the corruption issue as what Kejriwal
did in the Assembly poll in

Delhi early this year.


The big question is
whether Kejriwal will share
dais with Lalu Prasad in Bihar
polls. On the other hand,
Kumar seeks Kejriwals help to
get youth voters as the latter has
charisma among youth or first
time voters. On the other,
Kejriwal is also trying to portrait himself as alternative of
non-Congress and non-BJP
leader in the country.

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human trafficking racket


A
was busted with the arrest
of two alleged touts at the IGI
airport. On the basis of the
information provided by
them, 21 Nepalese girls were
rescued from South West
Delhi. The girls were to be
sent to Dubai, sources said.
On Saturday morning, a
police team arrested two
Nepalese agents of the human
trafficking racket Vishnu
Tamang, 25, and Daya Ram,
33, said MI Haidar, DCP of
IGI airport police.
During interrogation, they
revealed the location of 21

Nepalese girls in the age group


of 20 to 35 years who were
brought from Nepal to be sent
to Dubai, Haider said.
Raids were conducted at
several places in Mahipalpur
and some incriminating documents were seized, the officer said. The incident comes
on the heels of arrest of two
employees of Air India SATS
Manish Gupta and Kapil
Kumar on July 22. They
were allegedly instrumental in
facilitating illegal departure of
Nepalese girls to Dubai. Seven
Nepalese girls were also rescued and an FIR was registered in this connection at IGI
Airport, said the DCP.

During the investigation,


Manish Gupta and Kapil
Kumar had disclosed that
some Nepalese agents were
involved in trafficking of the
girls by luring them with
job offers in Gulf countries,
he said.
They also told that several other Nepalese girls, who
have been brought from Nepal,
are staying in Mahipalpur area.
Both the arrested agents admitted to trafficking of a large
number of Nepalese girls to
Gulf countries through fake
travel documents and
earning a commission of
C4,000-5,000 for every girl,
added the officer.

)SQeWXdgYdXS_^dbQRQ^Tg_bdXC#Sb
New Delhi: In a drive against narcotics, the
Delhi Police arrested nine people, including
three Nigerians, and recovered contraband
worth C3 crore. 100 kg of fine quality marijuana, 905 gram of fine quality heroin and 65 gram
of cocaine were recovered from the nine in four
raids, Joint Commissioner of Police (Crime)
Sanjeev Yadav said on Saturday. The heroin was
meant to be smuggled to the US in courier packets of embroidery, he said.
Nigerian nationals Anthony Umeh and
Agbahia Ikenna were arrested from Jain Road
in Uttam Nagar. They were allegedly indulging
in export of heroin through cargo to various
foreign countries, concealing it in embroidery
articles like zari-gota.
Agbahia Ikenna was found in possession of
800 gm of fine quality of heroin concealed in a
packing of embroidered lace (gota), he said, adding
that its value was approximately C1.6 crore in the

international market. A team of Narcotics Cell


arrested Mohammad Rabiul from Maharani
Bagh-New Friends Colony crossing, on Friday, and
recovered 105 gm of fine quality heroin from him.
Four members of a drug syndicate were
arrested near Green Park Gurdwara while trying to deliver cocaine to a client. According to
police, 60 gm cocaine was recovered from
Ubabueze Chijioke, a Nigerian national, 2.5 gm
cocaine from Rahul Chaudhary and 2.5 gm from
Ankit Batra. Anshuman Tiwari, a Noida resident,
was also arrested from the spot. Ubabueze was
staying in India without valid documents. The
recovered cocaine was believed to be worth
about C65 lakh, he said.
On a tip-off, a police team arrested Parvez and
Javed from NH-24 near Sanjay Lake, during delivery of marijuana. Five bags containing 20 kg of
marijuana in each, total 100 kg, were recovered
from their possession, said the officer.
SR

New Delhi: A city-based businessman and his brother were


allegedly attacked and robbed of
C22 lakh by three motorcycleborne assailants at gunpoint on
Saturday. The incident occurred
around 1 pm in South Delhis
Okhla Industrial area when
Ramesh Kumar, 40, and his
brother Santosh Kumar, 35,
came out from the Bank of India after withdrawing the money.
Ramesh and Santosh had
withdrawn C22 lakh from Okhla
branch. Three people riding
on a bike approached them as
soon as they came out of the
bank and reached near their car.
The culprits took away
their money at gunpoint and
fled the spot, Deputy
Commissioner of Police
Mandeep Singh Randhawa said.
Randhawa said the brothers were also attacked with a
heavy object before the robbers snatched away their
money-filled bag.
Both the brothers were hit
on their head and other parts
of the body. Ramesh received
minor injuries while Santosh is
being treated for critical
injuries in a nearby hospital,
the official added. Another
police official said the
assailants fired in the air before
attacking the businessmen.
Prima facie it seems the
attackers knew that the businessmen will withdraw a huge
amount of money. Different
police teams have been constituted to nab the culprits, the official added.
Staff Reporter

5V]YZA`]ZTVd9Z^^ReRYZeR^`_Xh`^V_
BC055A4?>AC4AQ
=4F34;78

he Delhi Polices Himmat


application aimed to help
T
women in distress has become
popular among young girls and
women in colleges and schools
across the national Capital as
compared to 181 helpline for
women in distress run by Delhi
Government. Now, the AAP
Government is planning to hand
over the day-to-day functioning
of its 181 helpline to a private
entity. The Government has
asked to invite tender to hand
over 181 operations to an NGO.
The Himmat application,
which has specialised SOS safe-

ty application which helps


women raise alerts in cases of
any emergency, has received
a total 3,770 calls till last
week, out of which 2,431 calls
were from various parts of
the city. It has received 23,646
test messages through
WhatsApp and Hike from the
national Capital. A total
44,571 people have downloaded the application on
their mobile phones, however,
8,725 people have registered
themselves. Every hour, four
women send text messages on
its WhatsApp and Hike applications, 12 SOS calls are received
every day from various parts of
the city. This application has

helped in preventing crime


against women tremendously
since its launch on
January 1, this year.
On the other
hand, the 181
helpline, launched
by erstwhile Chief
Minister Sheila
Dikshit after the
Nirbhaya rape in
December 2012, is
being run by a team of
16 members having experience
in handling cases of violence
against women. The helpline has
been facing one problem or the
other ever since its administrative control was handed over
from the CMs office to the

Women
and
Child
Development department.
First, Delhi Chief Minister
Arvind Kejriwal, who talks
about CCTV cameras and marshals in buses to ensure safety of
women, scraped the mobile
phone application for 181 which
would have helped women to
easily seek assistance in times of
distress. The application is quite
similar to the application
Himmat of Delhi Police. The
proposal for the application was
sent to Delhi Government six
months ago after receiving a
green signal for the trial run. But,
the Government did not show
much interest in it and refused
to launch the application.

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Ashutosh said the team

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who recently alleged that a


Delhi Police van tried to run
him over while his party was
protesting against the murder
of a teen in the Capital.
PM Modi has made Delhi
a police State... Anybody who
opposes Modi will be beaten
up, Ashutosh alleged. The
AAP has declared war on PM
Modis Government, alleging
that it is scuttling all its efforts
at governing Delhi through
the Centres representative in
the Capital, LieutenantGovernor Najeeb Jung. In
Bihar, Nitish Kumar has
stitched together an anti-BJP
coalition with Rashtriya Janata
Dals Lalu Prasad, a rival for
years, and the Congress.

<0;8F0;<44CBA>03022834=CE82C8<B:8=F7>3>=0C44H4B
New Delhi: Swati Maliwal, whose appointment
as the Delhi Commission of Women (DCW)
chief has become a bone of contention between
the AAP Government and the Lieutenant
Governor, on Saturday met the family of 20-yearold Vinay, who died in a road accident after
which his family donated his eyes as per his wish.
I went to meet Vinays family who has set
an example for others. While their loss cannot
be compensated but their dedication for their
sons organ donation pledge is something which

others should take a cue from, Maliwal said.


Maliwal also had a meeting with a few lawyers
on Saturday. I had a series of meetings with a
few lawyers today with whom I discussed the
cases of the acid attack victims I had met on
Friday. I have promised them to reopen their
cases and ensure justice, she said.
On Tuesday, Jung had declared Maliwals
appointment ultra vires and infructuous, saying
it did not have legal sanctity and was in violation of constitutional provisions. Staff Reporter

additional commissioner of
police SS Yadav.
Interestingly, Meena had
on Thursday announced scrapping of Delhi Governments
helpline number 1031 saying
no complaints were being made
on this number. He also
launched two new helpline
numbers that are functioning
from ACBs office at Civil
Lines. However, the location of
1031 helpline number is still
unknown.
The
Delhi
Government cited confidentiality as the reason but sources
said this could be done in
order to suppress details
regarding the private agency.

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BC055A4?>AC4AQ =4F34;78

Central Reserve Police Force


(CRPF) constable was charA
red to death in a fire at the record
room of CRPF academy in south
Delhis RK Puram area on
Saturday morning. The deceased
has been identified as 42-yearold head constable Lingam
Gowda. The incident was reported around 2 am on Saturday.
Fire officials say that the
policeman was on guard at the
record room and had collapsed
due to suffocation. Gowdas body
was found under a computer
table in the record room.
According to fire officials, Gonda
was not responding to the evacuation. It is assumed that inhaling thick smoke must have made
him lose consciousness. He was
dead before he could be taken to
the hospital. Gowda was
posted at the 4th floor of the
office in RK Puram Sector 1.
CRPF officials said that Gowda
had informed his superiors about
the fire and had tried to douse
it with a fire extinguisher.
The fire broke out in the
Electronic Data Processing centre of the force located in the
building of training directorate
office in RK Puram.

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s the logjam continued,


Union Parliamentar y
A
Affairs Minister Venkaiah
Naidu continued his tirade
against Opposition Congress
for stalling the proceedings of
the Parliament. He also very
strongly
defended
External Affairs Minister
Sushma Swaraj by saying she
has not done anything wrong
and said she is an asset to the
party and to the nation.
Addressing a Press conference in Bengaluru on Saturday,
he said Congress party was perturbed over rising popularity
of the NDA Government led by
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
and this was the reason the
Congress is stalling the proceeding of the Parliament.
He said," The Opposition is
not willing to accept the massive mandate given by the people to our Government and
hence despite promises to allow

discussion the issues raised by


them including the Lalit Modi
issue, Land Acquisition Bill
and others they are not willing
to participate in the discussion.
This is bad for a party that
accepted parliamentar y
democracy for over 100 years.
She is one of the best performing Ministers and she is an
asset to the country. Helping a
person when in need does not
amount to criminal act.
Moreover, Sushmaji is willing
to discuss the issue on the floor
of the House and ready to reply
but the Congress is not willing
to listen to her but demanding
her resignation, he said.
He said that when he convened meeting of all party
leaders before the beginning of
the Session, 41 leaders from 28
parties participated and all had
agreed to cooperate in smooth
functioning of the House. But
when the Session began the
Congress is now doing smear
politics forgetting the corrup-

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tion in their own backyard.


Taking strong exception
to AICC Vice President Rahul
Gandhi terming Swaraj as a
criminal, Naidu said "it has
become a habbit of Congress to
indulge in such a cheap politics.
Mere allegation and nothing
has been proved but Congress
is making all hue and cry.
Naidu said this may be for
the first time in the annals of
Parliamentary democracy, the
principal opposition party
refused to move the Motion
after having given notices for
the same. "This move by the
Congress is nothing but reducing Parliamentary democracy
into a farce. It owes an explanation to the country on the
farce their party enacted in
Rajya Sabha."
Naidu appealed to the
Congress and the Left parties
to return back to democratic
tradition, to discuss, debate and
decide on the floor of the
house and not to create chaos.

<PX1WPV^0a\TS
5^aRTb?aT_PaPc^ah
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UXabc^UXcbZX]SX]8]SXP
?=BQ 270=3860A7

nion Defence Minister


Manohar Parrikar on
U
Saturday described the establishment of Mai Bhago Armed
Forces Preparatory Institute as
a big stride towards women
empowerment.
After unveiling the inaugural
stone of this first ever institute of
its kind in India, Parrikar said
that the days are gone when
working in armed forces was
considered to be a forte of menfolk only as women are dominating in all spheres of life now.
He added that as many as
3,298 lady officers are working
in armed forces which will definitely increase in near future
with States like Punjab taking a

lead in this direction.


Responding to Punjab Chief
Ministers anxiety on this occasion that the number of
Punjabis is fast dwindling in
their recruitment in armed
forces, and demand for tripling
the number of seats in the Mai
Bhago
Armed
Forces
Preparatory Institute, the minister assured that he would
have a sitting with the
Anandpur Sahib MP shortly
and all demands of Punjab
pertaining to Defence will be
considered for acceptance by
December end.

2QRe\Ce`bYi_aeUcdY_^c
=Q]QdQc<_^T_^fYcYd
80=BQ =4F34;78

day ahead of West Bengal


Chief Minister Mamata
A
Banerjee leaves for Britain to
scout for investments, union
minister Babul Supriyo on
Saturday questioned the efficacy of the exercise and lamented
the lack of conducive industrial
environment in the State.
Noted economist and NITI
Aayog member Bibek Debroy
too said hoping investment
would pour in was "too big an

expectation". "People are yet to


see anything dividend arising out
of her Singapore trip, and heading to London with a delegation
of over 100 members is a needless burden on the exchequer.
What is the use of going on a foreign trip when people in the state
are dissatisfied," Supriyo, the
Minister of State for Urban
Development, said at an event.
"State Government employees are still to get 49 percent dearness allowance and there is
growing discontent among them.

So when the people of Bengal


themselves are not satisfied, how
can one expect foreigners would
invest here," he said.Supriyo,
who is an MP from the state, said
the prevalence of politics over
logic has stalled the growth of
eastern region of the country
particularly West Bengal. "There
is lot of problems at the ground
level, be it the syndicates running
amuck or lack of ease of doing
business, these are actually discouraging investors from coming to Bengal, he added.

=8C80Ph^Vc^WXaT&R^]bd[cP]cb
80=BQ =4F34;78

he NITI Aayog will hire


seven consultants as offiT
cers on special duty at a monthly remuneration of Rs.1.55 lakh
each, an official said on
Saturday.
The consultants are
required to be experts in the
areas of economics and social

issues, IT, transportation, legal


issues and engineering, NITI
Aayog said in a notice posted
on its website.
"NITI Aayog seeks to
engage seven consultants to be
designated as officer on special
duty initially for a tenure of one
year for carrying out specific
tasks," the notice said.
Each consultants will get a

CV^V^SVcZ_X

/267 )281'

It is notified that the


original copy of Tripartite
Agreement Sub Lease Deed
of Flat No. L-426, JalVayu
Vihar, Plot P-4, Greater
Noida (UP) have been lost.
Vice Admiral Anurag G
Thapliyal
(Retd)
#
8800900630.
PD(6813)A

&+$1*(2)1$0(

I, Gouri Shanker D/o Jaya


Shanker R/o House No-419,
Sector-16,
Faridabad
Haryana-121002,
have
changed my name Gouri
Shanker to Gowri Sankar for
all purposes.
PD(6814)A

From Page 1
Alma House to the slopes of the
Ayarpatta Hill in Nainital and built
Gurney House.
Both these edifices still stand
strong preserved in their historic
charm. While the house at Kaladhungi
has been a museum since 1967,
Gurney House is today a private
property owned by the Varma-Dalmia
family who allow Corbett lovers a tour
of the house.
Jim Corbett's mother had
bequeathed the house to her daughter Maggie, to whom Jim was very
attached, and in 1947, when they left
for Kenya, Maggie sold the house to
Kalavati Sharma, wife of a Cambridgeeducated barrister, Sharda Prasad
Varma. The house still contains
Corbett's possessions, namely his trophies, African Drum, boat, fishing rod,
books and furniture. Additionally,
there are spots and stories that keep
Corbett's legacy alive.
The Jim Corbett Legacy Trail ini-

?f_d

From Page 1
However, the principal
told her that she was a
Christian too and could
understand her plight but this
could not be allowed due to
the stringent CBSE guidelines.
The nun then told the
principal that she could
remove the veil and Holy
Cross if she was allowed to
write the exam in a separate
room but she was informed
that even this could not be
allowed. "I then decided not
to write the examination at
all. I had come here hoping
that I would be allowed to
write the exam after frisking,"
Sister Seba said.
A visibly disappointed
Sister Seba said, "I won't be
able to appear for the examination next year or at any
time as long as these guidelines exist. Therefore I am giving up my dream of pursuing
the medical profession.
Indeed, I am very sad as I had
prepared well for the examination and was confident of
cracking it."
The CBSE had prescribed
a stringent dress code for
candidates appearing for the

remuneration of Rs.155,000
per month, it added.
An official source told
IANS on Saturday that the
lack of domain experts in many
areas
was
restricting
the NITI Aayog's functioning.
There was also the issue of
sharing the members' workload, with NITI Aayog vicechairman Arvind Panagariya

tiative documents some of these like


the Bandstand. On the Flats at the
head of the Tal, where many gathered
in the evenings and where the
Europeans played polo from time to
time, Jim paid for the construction of
a bandstand on the water's edge. For
this, he gave to the town the princely
sum of Rs 7,300. The bandstand
remains to this day as a very incongruous-looking structure indeed.
Then there is the Pony Trail on
which Corbett had several encounters
with tigers that we find written about
in his books, Ghatgarh- a small village
where he frequently rested under a
mango tree while commuting between
Nainital and Kaladhungi. That mango
tree still stands tall as if priding itself
on its legacy. For as said Corbett himself, "The book of nature has no
beginning, as it has no end. Open this
book where you will, and at any period of your life, and if you have the
desire to acquire knowledge you will
find it of intense interest, and no matter how long or how intently you study
the pages, your interest will not flag,
for in nature there is no finality."

examination as per which


they were not allowed to wear
full-sleeve dress, shoes, belts,
headscarf, hats, bracelets,
dark glasses, hairpins, hairbands, watches or to carry
electronic gadgets, wallets,
pencil boxes, packaged water,
etc into the examination hall.
At the examinations centres in Kerala, candidates
were seen removing headscarves, earrings, etc before
entering the halls. A girl who
under went frisking at a
Thiruvananthapuram centre
was sent away because of the
cloth-covered buttons on her
shirt. The harassed girl came
back wearing another one
purchased anew.
The Supreme Court had
the other day refused to entertain the plea of an Islamic
organization to allow Muslim
girls to appear for the examination wearing a hijab (headscarf). A three-judge Bench of
the apex court had observed
that faith had nothing to do
with the clothes one wore.
The Kerala High Court had
earlier allowed two Muslim
girls to write the exam wearing the hijab.
Asked whether she had
any plan to initiate legal

looking after 10 divisions and


20 ministries while member
Bibek Debroy has three divisions, 18 ministries and 15
states, the source said. Another
member V.K. Saraswat has 15
ministries and 17 states.
The NITI Aayog was created by the NDA government
after disbanding the Planning
Commission.

Parrikar said his Ministry


has already taken a call to
relax certain norms for the
recruitment of women in the
armed forces and a final decision was expected to be taken
within next two months.
He said that this institute was
dedicated to Mai Bhago a brave
Sikh women warrior and
embodiment of courage, justice
and leadership in the Sikh history. He said this institute was not
merely an academy to train girls
for defence services but would
also play a stellar role in the
empowerment of women too.

7PahP]PD?QP]
ZP]fPaXhPbfXcW
W^RZThbcXRZb
QPbTQP[[QPcb
Chandigarh: The Governments
of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh on
Saturday banned Kanwariyas
carrying hockey sticks and baseball bats and playing loud music
during their annual pilgrimage
dedicated to Lord Shiva. Senior
officers of Haryana's Sonipat
district met officers of Baghpat
district of UP in Sonipat on
Saturday to decide on measures
to ensure Kanwariyas' safety and
security during the yatra.
The prohibition came in the
wake of incidents in the past in
which Kanwariyas got into heated arguments with motorists
and others, leading to violent
incidents. In some instances,
hockey sticks and baseball bats
were used as weapons, resulting
in injuries. Kanwariyas carry
water from Ganga river at
Haridwar to their respective
temples in villages and towns to
finally offer it to Lord Shiva by
pouring it on 'Shivling', the
phallic symbol.
IANS

:eU`Vd_`eSVY`gVRA>e`
fdVdfTY]R_XfRXV+?ZeZdY
From Page 1
Nitish said, The PM is seeking
public mandate to serve them. The people already gave him verdict in 2014 to
serve the nation, adding
Will the PM assume additional
charge of Bihar CM to serve the public?"
On PM's remarks that he insulted
George Fernandes, the CM asked
counter question to Modi, "What did he
do with LK Advani, Murli Manohar
Joshi, Yashwant Sinha and CP Thakur?
While Fernandes is bed ridden, these
leaders are in their sound health but
have been sidelined."
The CM said BJP was scared of the
JD(U)-RJD alliance and its leaders are
not getting response f rom the
public. "Who will believe them when
they did nothing in over one year for

action over the incident, she


said a decision would be
taken as per the advice of
Church authorities. The
Catholic Church termed the
nun's experience as extremely unfortunate and described
the restrictions as infringement on the personal and religious freedom of individuals.
A spokesman of the SyroMalankara Church to which
the nun belonged described
the incident as very unfortunate. "It is really unfortunate
that the Centre is not trying
to resolve the issue. What has
happened is against the spirit of the Constitution which
allows citizens to keep their
beliefs and customs. The
court shouldn't have gone to
this extent," he said.
Senior priests of the SyroMalabar Church said that
they did not consider the veil
as the most important religious symbol of faith but it
was impossible to agree with
the obser vation of the
Supreme Court that not wearing veil for three or four
hours would not make any
difference. "It does make a
difference. The right to decide
this should lie with the citizens," said a priest.

Bihar? They will not succeed in creating confusion between me and Lalu," he
said.
Earlier, the Chief Minister posed
seven questions to him on retrieval of
black money, farmers' issues and the
promises he had made to the State during Lok Sabha polls.
For his part, Lalu said that Modi
was trying to make Bihar a Gujarat. "He
should tell the people what happened
to achche din and bringing back black
money and depositing Rs 15 lakh in
account of each citizen. He claimed to
come here to give largesse to Bihar but
instead he came to seek the votes,"
countered Lalu adding the PM's speech
was `filthy'.
He also said the PM was trying to
drive a wedge between him and Nitish
by praising one and criticising the other.

1HYHUVRXJKWWUDYHO
GRFXPHQWVIRU/DOLW
0RGL6XVKPDWZHHWV
From Page 1
That is the only forum to
inform the nation.
"I accepted a debate on the
very first day of Parliament
Session. Congress members
are not allowing a debate," she
said in another tweet.
On her earlier tweets
when the controversy broke
out where she had maintained
that her gesture was based on
humanitarian ground, Swaraj
said: "I left this to the UK
Government to decide under
their own laws and regulations. And that is what they
did."
"Yes I tweeted this on day
one. Yet they spread falsehood
... I help people every day. That
too on a single tweet.... The
lady is suffering from cancer
for the last 17 years. This was
the 10th recurrence of cancer,"
she tweeted.
Meanwhile, in Bengaluru
Union Parliamentary Affairs

Minister M Venkaiah Nadu


defended Swaraj saying: "She
is one of the best performing
Ministers and an asset to the
country. Helping a person
when in need does not amount
to criminal act. Moreover,
Sushma is willing to discuss
the issue on the floor of the
House and ready to reply but
the Congress is not willing to
listen to her and demanding
her resignation."
B esides Swaraj, the
Opposition is also insisting on
resignations of the Chief
Ministers of Madhya Pradesh
and Rajasthan Shivraj Singh
Chouhan and Vasundhara
Raje over Vyapam Scam and
LalitGate. The first week of the
Monsoon Session has been a
washout with the Opposition
not allowing any transaction of
business till the resignations
are tendered and the
Government deciding to
brazen out the offensive.

New Delhi/Mumbai: India's


fight against AIDS is being jeopardized by a cut in social spending by Prime Minister Narendra
Modi's Government, with health
workers being laid off and programmes to prevent the spread
of the deadly disease curtailed.
With about 2.1 million people infected with HIV in 2013,
India has the most cases in the
Asia-Pacific, according to the
World Health Organisation, but
new infections have fallen more
than 20 per cent over the past 14
years. Despite the progress, India
accounted for most of the estimated 340,000 new infections in
the Asia-Pacific last year and any
cut-back to prevention programmes risks seeing rates rise,
experts say.
The government anti-AIDS
programme had been in trouble
for more than a year, with
bureaucratic delays and a funding crunch resulting in shortages
of condoms and drugs.
Then in February, Modi
slashed the 2015-16 central AIDS
budget by 22 per cent, asking
States to fill the gap.
States have been slow to
respond, and to make things
worse, have fallen behind in disbursing the smaller amounts
they have received.
With thousands of workers
unpaid for months, the National
AIDS Control Organisation
(NACO) is warning of damage
to programmes.
"There is not only loss of
morale, but also attrition,"
Navreet Singh Kang, the top official at NACO, wrote in a letter

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that he sent to all States on May


13. "Loss of trained staff would
be a serious blow for due functioning of the programme ...
There is real need to maintain
focus, coverage and intensity."
Three AIDS prevention
units in States with high rates of
HIV have ordered that up to 25
per cent of prevention workers
be laid off and have curtailed
projects and services, other
Government letters seen by
Reuters showed. The layoffs
began in two states on July 1.
"We are not throwing away
the programme, but we are
resizing it as per availability of
funds," one NACO official said.
In Modi's home state of
Gujarat, the Ahmedabad city
AIDS prevention unit has not
paid staff since January, a letter
from the unit to its non-governmental partners dated June
29 showed. The number of community workers promoting safe
sex will be reduced by 80 per cent
in Delhi from August.
Nochiketa Mohanty, India
manager for global advocacy
group AIDS Healthcare
Foundation, warned the cuts
would mean fewer infections
being detected.
"How will people be aware
of HIV testing? They are unlikely to be tested if prevention activities are curtailed," he said.
In the Philippines, HIV
infection rates rebounded after
a successful prevention programme was scaled back, the
U.N. envoy for AIDS in Asia told
India's The Caravan magazine in
April.
Agencies

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A>YZed?ZeZdYYRcU
From Page 1
he had promised during
his Lok Sabha campaign.
Modi also did not miss out
on attacking the RJD saying it
stood for 'Rozana Jungleraj
Ka Dar', and its chief Lalu
Prasad, whom he indirectly
accused of stalling Bihar's
developmental projects during
his tenure as the Railway
Minister in UPA-1. Nitish,
Lalu, Congress and the NCP
have joined hands to take on
the NDA in the Bihar
Assembly polls scheduled later
this year.
On his maiden visit to
Bihar since becoming the
Prime Minister in May last
year, Modi also recalled how he
was slighted by Nitish by cancelling a dinner in 2010 after
inviting him and then snapping ties with the BJP two years
back when he was projected
the NDA's PM candidate. "I
can understand that you may
not like one person, you may
not like his face. There can be
political rivalry. But if you
were so much against me, you
could have slapped me or
strangulated me in a room.
But, just for one person, you
strangulated the progress of
Bihar," he said even as he
exhorted voters to take pledge
not to leave Bihar in the hands
of such elements and allow the
return of let jungle raj -- a term
used for the tenure of Lalu's
rule -- to the State.
He slammed Nitish and
Lalu on their remarks of
"snake" and "poison", apparently directed at each other,
saying they should not force
the people of the State to "consume this poison" and settle
their grouses within the confines of a room.
Modi recalled how during
the last polls, Nitish had asserted that if he was unable to provide electricity to entire Bihar,
he would not come to ask for
votes again in 2015. "Electricity
has not come but he has come
to ask for votes. He betrayed
your trust. Forget me, he even
back-stabbed you. Such people
cannot be trusted again," he
said.
Modi said for Bihar to

progress faster, it needs the


support of both the Central
and State Governments.
"You need two engines.
You have given one engine in
Delhi, give another engine
from Bihar. Bihar will run
faster on the path of development with two engines. Bihar's
fate will change, I hope," he
said and urged the people to
give the BJP a chance to come
to power in Bihar.
Earlier, in Patna, Modi
launched the Deendayal
Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana;
inaugurated the DaniawanBihar Sharif new railway line;
flagged off the Rajgir-Bihar
Sharif-Daniawan-Fatuha passenger train and PatnaMumbai AC Suvidha Express;
dedicated IIT Campus in
Patna; laid the foundation
stone for Incubation Centre for
Medical Electronics and inaugurated the construction of the
first phase of the JagdishpurHaldia pipeline project, which
is expected to provide piped
gas connections to homes in
Patna.
Modi praised the thinking
and suggestions of Nitish and
also accepted his suggestion of
introducing new faculties in
IIT-Patna. He, however, pointed out that some people were
spreading lies. "Under the 13th
Finance Commission implemented during the previous
(UPA) Government, Bihar got
a total of Rs 1.5 lakh crore during 2010-15. For 2015-20,
under our Government, Bihar
will get as much as 3.75 lakh
crore through implementation
of the 14th Finance
Commission report," he said.
At another function of the
Indian Council of Agricultural
Research, Modi asked the agricultural scientists to give a new
dimension to the green revolution and said the second
green revolution will take place
in eastern States, including
Bihar, West Bengal, Odisha,
Jharkhand, Assam and eastern
UP.
The rally and the functions
were attended by many
Ministers of the Modi
Government besides top BJP
leaders from the State.

[P]S\PaZ$

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rime Minister Narendra


Modi asked the agriculturP
al scientists to give a new
dimension to the green revolution and said a second green
revolution will take place in the
eastern States including Bihar,
West Bengal, Odisha,
Jharkhand, Assam and Eastern
UP.
Addressing the function of
the Indian Council of
Agricultural Research here on
Saturday, the PM advised the
scientists to take their research
from laboratory to the field,
from lab to land to achieve the
target of a second green revolution. He asked them to give
him a report in six months
identifying priorities needed to
be given for fast pacing the
farm growth.
He said the agricultural
land is shrinking and there is
a need to increase per acre
productivity through newer
research in the field of agriculture. The PM said that his
Governments priority was to
usher in four-prong revolutions in tune with the four

which farmers income could


be increased by adopting scientific innovations. There is
tremendous scope of increasing farmers income through
honeybee production which
had a huge global market. At
present, five lakh farmers are
engaged in honeybee production
which could be expanded
to five crore farmers who could
gain tremendously by lucrative
price in international market,
he said and added that the
humming of honeybees would
keep away the elephants who
ruine the produce in the field.
Similarly, Modi said, there was
a huge scope for developing
natural fruit juice.
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?C8
He emphasised on changing architecture of canals for
colours saffron, green, white resources, Bihar is bringing farm sector. Governor Keshari greater utility in farming. The
and blue in the national flag. fish worth C400 crore every Nath Tripathi, Chief Minister PM said that scientists should
While green revolution meant year from Andhra Pradesh, Nitish Kumar and Union help the country to end import
Minister of farm produce in a phased
increase in farm productivity, which can be changed by Agriculture
white revolution meant milk developing fishery in the State, Radhamohan Singh were pre- manner.
He also referred to his
sent on the occasion.
productivity with emphasis on the PM said.
Modi gave some exam- programme Mann ki Baat on
The Prime Minister
animal husbandry and blue
revolution stood for harness- rewarded agricultural scientists ples of how productivity could cultivation of pulses and
ing water resources and fishery, and media persons both in be increased by applying sci- oilseeds and said I have been
print and electronic for ence in the farm sector and told that cultivation in pulses
Modi said.
Despite having vast water remarkable work in the field of also by identifying areas in and oilseeds has doubled now.

2^]V^cWTabbTTZc^cP[
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?=BQ =4F34;78

ith a consensus eluding


the controversial Land
Acquisition Bill and the deadline of the Parliamentary Joint
Committee discussing the legislation coming to a close, at
least three Opposition Parties
including Congress have decided to seek total withdrawal of
NDAs contentious Land bill.
Two of them, BJD and
Trinamool Congress have
already written to the Joint
Committee of Parliament headed by BJP MP S S Ahluwalia in
this regard while Congress will
give its amendments on
Monday when the panel meets.
Our demand is to withdraw
the bill completely. We are totally against it, a senior Trinamool
Congress leader told PTI.
The letter seeking withdrawal of NDAs bill given by
TMC also mentions that the
State Assembly has already
passed a resolution against the
measure.
Last month, the West
Bengal Assembly had unanimously passed a private resolution demanding withdrawal
of the draconian Land ordinance promulgated by the BJPled NDA Government at the
Centre.
While the Trinamool

Congress wants a total withdrawal of the amendments


brought by the Government,
BJD among other things
favours making the land losers
stakeholders when land is
acquired for profitable ventures.
The party wants that land
owners should be given share
in profit if the land is acquired
for setting up industry and
other commercial ventures,
sources said. In the amendments, the BJD has pitched for
bringing back the consent and
SIA provisions into the bill.
A senior Congress leader
speaking on the condition of
anonymity said the party will
move its amendments within a
day.
We are hopeful that when
parties cast their vote on separate clauses of the bill, they
will vote with us as there is a
near unanimity among opposition parties that the bill
should go, the leader said.
Congress has already written to the panel that the compensation in the law which is
four times of market value in
urban area and between two to
four times in rural areas should
be made uniform four times in
all areas, a demand which the
government may find difficult
to accept.

?PRZPVTbW^d[SQTU^aRaXbXb
]^cU^a_^[[b)BT]PcT[[b?<
Mumbai: Seizing on Prime
Minister Narendra Modis poll
promise of bigger than
C50,000-crore financial package for Bihar, Shiv Sena president Uddhav Thackeray on
Saturday said the special package should be extended on
priority level to crisis-hit
Maharashtra instead of the
election-bound State.
We do not have any problem with the financial package
for Bihar. He should give it to all
the States which need it. But the
money needs to be given first
where it is needed the most.
Today farmers in Maharashtra
are committing suicide because
of drought. There is no rain here
which has distressed farmers.
They need help on priority.
Special packages should be for
crisis situations and not for elections, Thackeray told reporters.
Modi, while kicking off

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efending his cabinet colleague and Agriculture


Minister Radha Mohan Singh
over the criticism generated by
the reasons offered by the latter for suicide by farmers,
Finance Minister Arun Jaitley
Saturday fetched written replies
in Parliament during the previous UPA regime, listing out
love affair as one of the several reasons for suicides.
Rejecting the controversy ,
the Agriculture Minister has
also maintained that his predecessors had given replies in
a similar format but charged
media of ignoring such facts
and distorting them.
In a written reply Firday in
Parliament to a question on the
issue of farmer suicides in the
country , Radha Mohan Singh
attracted strong criticism as he
listed dowry, love affairs and
impotency as some causes of
suicide.
According to the National
Crime Records Bureau, causes
of (farmer) suicides include
family problems, illness,
drugs...dowry, love affairs and
impotency, said the minister in
unstarred reply in the Rajya
Sabha.
Singhs statement came few
months after BJPs Haryana
agriculture minister OP

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Dhankar called farmers committing suicide cowards.


Jaitley retrieved answers
given by previous Food
Processing Industries and
Agriculture ministers on the
reasons for farmers suicide
which also include reasons
for which the latter has come
under attack from the opposition.
Replies
given
in
Parliament on the issue of
farmers suicide during UPA
Government, Jaitley tweeted
attaching four answers given
during March 2012 and
February 2014 in both Houses
of Parliament.
Jaitely highlighted love
affair in the list of reasons

01A070<C7><0BQ
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New
Delhi:
The
Parliamentarians, who have
been slugging it out for past the
few days in Lok Sabha over several issues, were seen mixing
freely at a dinner hosted by
President Pranab Mukherjee
on Saturday night to commemorate three years of his
presidency.
The Leader of Opposition
in Rajya Sabha Ghulam Nabi
Azad was seated opposite
External Affairs Minister
Sushma Swaraj at the head
table and the two were seen
exchanging jokes during the
dinner.
Parliament has been nonfunctional for last few days
with Congress pressing for
Swaraj's resignation over the
Lalit Modi row.
Congress vice-president
Rahul Gandhi was seated opposite TMC leader Derek O Brien
and Union Minister Harsh
Vardhan along with CPI leader
D Raja where a few smiles were
exchanged.
Mukherjee was seated along
with Vice-President Hamid

Ansari, Union Home Minister


Rajnath Singh, BJP patriarch LK
Advani and Congress president Sonia Gandhi.
Ahead of the dinner, the
Vice-President and the Home
Minister released four books
two volumes of Mukherjee's
selected speeches, 'Abode under
the Dome' and 'Right of the Line:
The President's Bodyguard
(1773-2015)'.
Later in their brief speeches, Ansari complimented the
President for completion of
three years and said he continues to enlighten the vision of the
people in the country.
The Home Minister complimented the President on
behalf of the Government and
said Mukherjee has done public service with distinction.
The two volumes of selected speeches of President
Mukherjee contain important
speeches delivered by him since
assumption of office on July 25,
2012 as the 13th President.
The first volume includes
52 speeches and is divided into
five sections The Nation,

farmer suicides, Thackeray said


it was unfortunate that such a
person was the Agriculture
Minister, and Modi should
take action against him.
It is unfortunate for India
that he (Radha Mohan Singh)
is the Agriculture Minister. He
does not understand the plight
of farmers.
The Prime Minister is
capable of taking necessary
action against him, Thackeray
said. The Ministers reply in the
DSSWPeCCWPRZTaPh Parliament that dowry, love
affairs and impotency are some
the NDAs election campaign in of reasons for suicides in the
Patna on Saturday, said politics rural belt has drawn criticism.
Taking a swipe at
had hurt the development of
Bihar and added that the State Maharashtra Chief Minister
would get a package bigger Devendra Fadnavis for refusing
than the C50,000 crore as to waive the loans of farmers, the
Sena president said if Fadnavis
announced earlier.
Referring to Radha Mohan knew of better measures to rid
Singhs controversial reply in the farmers of debts, he should
PTI
the Parliament on the issue of use them.

50A<4ACE939458BBD4

given by the then Minister of


State for Agriculture and Food
Processing Industries Charan
Das Mahant to Rajya Sabha on
March 30, 2012.
The other reply is attached
was that of then Agriculture
Minister Sharad Pawar given to
Lok Sabha on February 2, 2013,
highlighting love affair besides
unemployment, property dispute, bankruptcy or sudden
change in economic status,
poverty, career problem, barrenness/impotency, cancellation/non-settlement of marriage, dowry dispute and fall in
social reputation as causes of
suicides.
Jaitley listed the ministers
reply in Rajya Sabha on August
16, 2013 as well as of then
Minister of State for
Agriculture and Food
Processing Industries Tarif
Anwar in Rajya Sabha on
February 21, 2014 listing similar reasons for the suicides.
Singh had in his reply listed indebtedness, crop failure,
drought, socio-economic and
personal as reasons for agrarian distress.
According to NCRB, causes of suicide include family
problems, illness, drug
abuse/addiction, unemployment, property dispute, professional/career problems, love
affairs, barrenness/impotency,

cancellation/non-settlement of
marriage, dowry dispute, fall in
social reputation and unknown
causes, he had also said.
BJP in a statement Saturday
maintained that the Modi government was fully sensitive to
the suffering of farmers and
criticized media for drawing
the wrong and misleading
meaning from Ministers reply.
STATUS, the Agriculture
Ministry presented before
Parliament to answer- the
National Crime Records
Bureau report Accidental
Death and Suicide in India 2014- is based on.
NCRB figures from all
states of India to order the
police to report it produces
each year.
How many farmers have
committed suicide in this way
and for what reasons, this
information comes from the
states to the NCRB. Therefore,
the task of categorizing the
causes of farmers suicides is
not done by the Agriculture
ministry, the statement said..
Congress vice-president
Rahul Gandhi, undertaking a
tour in Andhra Pradesh
Pradesh recently sought to
advise Prime Minister
Narendra Modi to ask his ministers to visit the houses of
farmers to see what is going
on.

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New Delhi: Prime Minister


Narendra Modi on Saturday
greeted President Pranab
Mukherjee on completion of
three years in office and said
the country has greatly benefited from his experience
and wisdom.
My congratulations to
Rashtrapati ji as he completes
3 years in office. India has
greatly benefited from his
rich experience & wisdom, he
tweeted.
Mukherjee on Saturday
completes three years in office
during which he undertook
105 domestic visits. He also
visited foreign countries like
Vietnam, Bhutan, Finland,
Norway, Sweden and Belarus.
The highlight of the year
was the visit to India by US
President Barack Obama as the
chief guest at the Republic Day
Parade. During the course of
the third year, the President also
received President Xi Jinping of
China, President Tony Tan
Kengyam of Singapore and
President Mohammad Ashraf
Ghani of Afghanistan, among
others.
PTI

Parliament and state legislatures, judiciary and constitutional bodies, armed forces and
eminent personalities and commemorative events.
The second volume contains 102 speeches and is divided into three sections education, banquet speeches and
foreign visits.
PTI

man who killed his wife in


order to spend a lifetime
with his paramour has been
sentenced to life by the
Supreme Court, which held
him guilty of his wifes murder.
The incident occurred in
Karnataka where a man
Eshwarappa killed his wife
Latha on November 7, 2005.
The body was found hanging
from the tree and an impression was created that she possibly committed suicide.
The question before the
Supreme Court was whether it
was a murder or suicide.
Although prosecution gathered enough evidence by way
of statements of witnesses and
material gathered from the
spot, the Court had to justify it
as a murder.
Latha married Eshwarappa
in March 2003 and had a
daughter shortly after. Within
months of the marriage,
Eshwarappa developed interest
in another woman named
Sarpina who resided alone in
the same village and was 10
years elder to the man. What
started as an affair developed
into a serious relationship as the
accused began staying with the
paramour. Latha objected to the
relationship and was even
thrashed by her husband when
she went to protest about the
matter at Sarpinas residence.
Besides the torture and illtreatment, the accused
demanded dowry and his inlaws, who by now were aware
of the illicit affair, even
arranged for a sum of Rs 50000
after mortgaging their land, as
they were poor labourers work-

ing in a saw mill. When even


this failed to persuade
Eshwarappa to end his extra
marital affair, Latha left her
matrimonial home with her
minor daughter.
The parents of Latha took
the matter to the local panchayat who called the husband and advised him to mend
his ways. On his promise given
before the village elders to
leave Sarpina, Latha returned
but nothing had changed. The
day before she was killed, Latha
had visited the doctor to treat
her ill daughter. That night her
husband slept with Sarpina.
The next day the childs health
deteriorated. Latha called her
husband and asked for money.
She was asked to come to the
fields, where she was found
hanging from a tree.
The apex court found
strong circumstances to hold
the husband suspect. It found
the crime scene dressed up as
the body had a rope tied
around the neck and a pile of
stones below to support it.
The witnesses who saw Latha
and her child while going to the
field did not see a rope in her
hand. The doctor who conducted post-mortem gave a
clear finding that the ligature
marks on the neck and cause of
death indicated she was strangulated and then tied with a
rope.
The bench of Justices TS
Thakur and Adarsh Kumar
Goel held it was a cold-blooded murder and delinked the
dowry death charge as it found
no proof to substantiate it.
Even the paramour was
charged with murder by the
police but the trial court acquitted her in the case.

FROM THE

SUPREME

COURT

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or the first time in the history of Indo-Russian annual Summit talks, the venue
may be outside the capital city.
The Summit talks to boost
strategic partnership between
the countries are hosted alternatively by New Delhi and
Moscow every year. Last year in
December, Russian President
Vladimir Putin was in India for
the 15th bilateral summit talks.
This time it is Russias turn to
host Prime Minister Narendra
Modi and the Summit is likely to be held outside capital
Moscow, in Astrakhan, in
South Russia. This likely shift
in venue is on the request of
Modi, who has visited
Astrakhan twice in the past as
the Gujarat Chief Minister.
Having fond memories of
the Russian city, which is the
sister city of Ahmedabad, Modi
during the recent BRICS summit in Russia, requested Putin
to hold talks in Astrakhan for
a change of venue for the talks.
Sources said since Modis
schedule to Russia for BRICS
and SCO meetings this month
was overpacked he could not
visit Astrakhan which is why he
requested Putin. Putin, it is
learnt, informed Modi that in
such a case the Summit talks
will have to be preponed as
Astrakhan in December
becomes too cold. Modi,
sources said, agreed for having
talks early.
Accordingly, the Russian
and Indian authorities are now
re-working Putin and Modis
schedule respectively to accommodate Summit talks in

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October or November. Other


logistics are also being worked
out with the Astrakhan
Governor.
Historically, Astrakhan
region was the trading centre
for enterprising Gujaritis during the early of 17th century
where they went for trade
activities related to textile, jewellery and medicines. The city
still remains a strong hub of
Gujarati community as the
traders who went to Astrakhan
married Russian women and
stayed back. Astrakhan is
Russias gateway to the Caspian
and has huge reserves of oil.
Modi was the first Indian
Chief Minister to have an
agreement with the Astrakhan
Region in November 2001 during then Prime Minister Atal
Bihari Vajpayees visit to
Moscow. Sources said there
have been several fruitful projects between Ahmedabad and
Astrakhan during Modis
tenure as Gujarat CM. In 2011
an exchange of protocol was
signed between Gujarat and
Astrakhan to enhance trade,
joint ventures, social, cultural
and economic exchanges.

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Drass (J-K): Army Chief


General Dalbir Singh Suhag on
Saturday said the armed forces
will not let another Kargil-like
conflict to take place.
After paying tributes to the
Kargil war martyrs at a memorial here, he said the Army
wont allow another Kargil.
Though the celebrations
to mark the 16th anniversary of
Indias victory in the Kargil
War, also called Vijay Diwas,
began on July 20, the main
functions will be held today
and tomorrow.
The Kargil war, which
began in May 1999, lasted for
more than two months before
Pakistani soldiers, a bulk of
them drawn from its Northern
Light Infantry, and irregulars
withdrew from the mountain
tops they had occupied overlooking the Srinagar-Leh highway.
In the conflict, the Indian
Army lost 490 officers, soldiers
and jawans.
PTI

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BPcdaSPhTeT]X]V

Mumbai:
Maharashtra
Governor Ch Vidyasagar Rao
on Saturday held consultations
with Home and Law
Department officials on the
mercy petition submitted by
1993 Mumbai blasts convict
Yakub Memon.
The BJP-led Government
headed by Devendra Fadnavis
had sent its opinion to the
Governor on late Friday
evening on the plea submitted
by Memon following the
Supreme Courts rejection of his
curative petition which sought
a stay on execution of his death
sentence slated for July 30.
The Governor on Saturday
called Additional Chief
Secretary (Home) KP Bakshi,
Law and Judiciary officials and
Advocate General Anil Singh for
consultations.
?C8
When asked about the out-

come of the meeting, official


sources said, There has been
no decision. The matter is
under consideration of the
Governor. The Government,
however, had earlier indicated
that it stood for sticking to the
schedule for hanging and abiding by the Supreme Court
directions on the matter.
There was no question of
changing the plan to hang
Memon on July 30. The date of
hanging has been communicated to the State Government
by the special court. Since no
court has stayed the judicial
order, there is no question of
changing the date. Memon will
be hanged as per the court
order, highly placed sources
had said earlier this week.
Chief Minister Fadvanvis,
who declined to reveal the
Governments stand, had said

he would make a statement on


July 29. Meanwhile, the
Supreme Court is slated to
hear on Monday the plea of
Memon seeking stay of execution of his death sentence.
Memon, whose curative
petition against the death sentence awarded by special TADA
court was dismissed by the
Supreme Court earlier this week,
is lodged in Nagpur Central Jail.
As many as 257 people
were killed and over 700
injured in the serial blasts in
Mumbai on March 12, 1993.
Memon was the only convict in
the case whose death penalty
was upheld by the apex court.
After his curative petition
was dismissed, Memon has
submitted a mercy petition to
Maharashtra Governor. The
President had earlier rejected
his mercy petition.
PTI

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hree persons including two


teenagers died and more
T
than a dozen others were
wounded after a cloudburst
triggered flash floods in Baltal
area of Ganderbal district on
Friday evening. The cloudburst
caused temporary halt to the
Amarnath yatra and hampered
traffic on vital Srinagar-Leh
national highway.
Sources said the cloudburst
hit Zoji La hills near Bajri Nallah
late on Friday night and immediately whacked down to low
lying areas with rolling rocks and
slush.
Chief Executive Officer of
Shri Amarnath Shrine Board
(SASB) PK Tripathi said that
bodies of Deepak Singh of Delhi,

and two children Pooja (13) and


Vikram (12) of Rajasthan have
been recovered. The families of
the aforesaid two children had
set up road side kiosks on the
track leading to the Yatra Camp.
Dog squads have been deployed
to assist in the ongoing search
and rescue operations.
A ponnywallah Abdul
Karim was airlifted to Srinagar
for treatment. Governor NN
Vohra reviewed the situation
after the incident took place.
He said the SonamargGhumri road is closed to vehicular traffic following damages
caused by several landslides and
the Border Road Organisation
has been directed to deploy its
men and machinery to remove
blockades and ensure the earliest possible opening of the road.

Nagpur: RS Gavai, veteran


Dalit leader and former
Governor of Kerala and Bihar,
died on Saturday after a prolonged illness at a private hospital here.
He was 86 and survived by
wife Kamal and two sons.

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civilian was killed and five others including Central Reserve


Police Force (CRPF) personnel were injured when unknown
A
attackers lobbed a grenade in Acchabal area of South Kashmirs
Anantnag district.
Police said the several persons were wounded by the splinters
and one of them, an ice-cream vendor died on way to hospital. The
blast took place a day after suspected militants exploded two
grenades in mobile phone showrooms in the capital Srinagar. The
Inspector General of Police Javed Geelani said the attackers targeted a CRPF patrol party. The blast took place at a time when a
partial shutdown was being observed in the Valley in response to
the strike call by traders to protest against alleged desecration of
a flag depicting the Kalima (declaration of Muslim faith) in Rajouri
district of Jammu province. The burning down of ISIS flag triggered communal tension in the area forcing the authorities to clamp
curfew. The situation returned to normal in the area on Friday after
elders of two communities met to resolve the issues.
Shops, business establishments and educational institutions
remained closed in most areas of the Valley remained closed affecting normal life. Tourist vehicles were seen plying unhindered in
the capital city. The shutdown call was supported by separatist
outfits also. Meanwhile, an encounter began in south Kashmirs
Shopian pocket on Saturday morning after an army column came
under fire in Bobijan pocket in the Reynor forests. The area was
immediately cordoned off and seach operation was initiated.

His elder son Justice


Bhushan Gavai is a Bombay
High Court judge of Nagpur
Bench and younger son
Rajendra is leader of
Republican Party of India
(Gavai faction).
The body was taken to
Justice Gavais residence in the
city and later kept at
Deekshabhoomi, the historic
place where BR Ambedkar
embraced Buddhism in 1956,
for the public to pay the last
respects, his family said.
The funeral will take place
at his native village in Daryapur
in Amravati district tomorrow
with state honours. Born on
October 30, 1929, Ramkrishna
Suryabhan Gavai had also
served as chairman of the
Maharashtra Legislative Council
and was elected to the Lok
Sabha from Amravati.
PTI

193<?:P[_PcPad
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New Delhi: Sitting Rajya Sabha
Member from Odisha and vice
president of Biju Janata Dal
(BJD) Kalpataru Das passed
away on Saturday after a prolonged battle with cancer. He
(65) is survived by his wife and
three sons. Das was admitted
to AIIMS last Monday and
breathed his last at 3.45 pm,
said his associates.
Das, who served as a
Cabinet Minister in the Naveen
Patnaik Government between
2012-14, was elected to Rajya
Sabha last year. Das held important positions in various bodies and organisations and was
elected four times to the Odisha
Legislative Assembly.
PTI

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Coimbatore: Lashing out at
Congress vice-president Rahul
Gandhi for his interactions with
farmers in non-Congress ruled
States, Union Minister Nirmala
Sitharaman on Saturday dared
him to visit States ruled by his
party to know the ground realities of agrarian crisis.
I challenge Rahul Gandhi,
who is typical in handling the
situation, to go to Congressruled States, especially
Karnataka, where a large number of farmer suicides happened during the last few
months, she told reporters.
Referring to Gandhis visits to Tamil Nadu and
Anantpur in Andhra Pradesh
to meet farmers, she said he
should have at least gone to
Maharashtra, where highest
number of farmer suicides
took place during the previous
Congress regime.
She also sought to know
what solutions he offered for
these deaths. On his opposition
to the Land Bill, Sitharaman,
who is the Minister of State for
Commerce and Industry, said
from the tone of Gandhis assertion that he would not allow
even a piece of land to be
acquired by the Government, it
appeared that he was against
development.
She also blamed Gandhi for
the withdrawal of a project by
POSCO in Odisha, after he
called himself a sipahi when he
visited the tribals in the State.
After all, for whose benefit
the land was being acquired, to
build bridges, roads and other
infrastructure, she added.
She disagreed with a suggestion that a cross section of
people with high expectations

was not happy with Narendra


Modis performance of one year
in office.
In fact, the impression
what I get about the BJP
Government is that against the
terrible odds and environment
it is trying to revive the economy, which was in a shambles for
the last 10 years, she said.
It was providing a transparent Government, as evident
from the auction of coal and
spectrum through which the
nation received C2 lakh crore,
with Supreme Court cancelling
122 coal blocks, she said.
The mandate is for five
years, we are just 12 months
(old), give us time to redress the
situation which had fallen to
such a level, she said.
On trade agreements,
Seetharaman said negotiations
were on with countries like
Australia and Canada and also
European Union to have Free
Trade Agreements.
To a question on the logjam
in Parliament, the Union
Minister, here to participate in
a two-day business conference,
expressed hope that the situation would return to normal.
Though the Government
agreed to a debate, the opposition backed out, as some of their
leaders did not want discussions, she added.When asked
about Union Agriculture
Minsiter Radha Mohan Singhs
controversial statement that
love affairs were a cause for
farmers suicide, Sitharaman
said it was being misinterpreted.
The Minister was referring
to the statistics on death by the
National Crime Bureau, she
said.
PTI

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uling out any truck with the


R
L a lu-Nit ish-C ongress
alliance in the coming
Assembly poll in Bihar, CPI
(M) general secretary Sitaram
Yechuri, said that entire
Opposition is united over the
issue of Lalitgate and Vyapam
and warned that till the
Government accepts their
demand, it is not possible to
run Parliament.
We are making genuine
demand of a probe on both the
matters and till then the
accused Union Minister
Sushma Swaraj and the State
Chief Ministers Vasundharaje
Scindia and Shivraj Singh
Chauhan should step down
for an impartial probe, he
said while adding that the
Government was solely responsible for the log jam of the
Parliament for the past one
week and it would continue if
they continue to be rigid on the
matter.
Addressing media persons
here on Saturday afternoon,
Yechuri alleged that BJP has done
a volte-face over the matter and
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
has turned into Maunendra
Modi. During the 2G scam, BJP
did not allow to run the
Parliament for one session in
2010 but now they are refusing
even for a high level probe. This
is their double face, charged CPI
(M) leader. The Government
was saying that they are ready for
a debate. But what will debate do
in this matter when a probe is
required for the criminal act of
the union minister and the
CMs, he asserted.

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S President Barack Obama


said today Africa is on the
move, as he praised the spirit
of entrepreneurship at a business summit in Kenya during
his first visit to the country of
his fathers birth since his election as president.
I wanted to be here,
because Africa is on the move,
Africa is one of the fastest
growing regions in the world,
Obama said. People are being
lifted out of poverty, incomes
are up, the middle class is
growing and young people like
you are harnessing technology
to change the way Africa is
doing business.
The US embassy itself
warned the summit could be a
target for terrorists, but
President Uhuru Kenyatta said
the event showed a different
side to Africa than that often
portrayed in the media. The
narrative of African despair is
false, and indeed was never
true, Kenyatta said. Let them
know that Africa is open and
ready for business, he added.
Obama arrived in Kenya

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late Friday, when Kenyatta


greeted him as he stepped off
Air Force One. It is wonderful to be back in Kenya,
Obama said. Im proud to be
the first US president to visit
Kenya, and obviously this is
personal for me. My father
came from these parts.
Obama is linked to his
Kenyan family via his father
Barack senior, a pipe-smoking
economist who Obama has
admitted he never truly knew.
He walked out when Obama was
just two and died in a car crash
in Nairobi in 1982, aged 46.

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Nairobi: President Uhuru


Kenyatta on Saturday
described Kenya as a hotbed
of vibrant culture in a swipe
at broadcaster CNN, which
cause anger here after it said
US President Barack Obama
was visiting a hotbed of terror. The report sparked widespread criticism with Kenyans
mocking the report on social
media, many posting images of
the east African nations
famous tourist sites, with
#SomeoneTellCNN trending
on Twitter worldwide.
The Kenyan Government
also said CNN should apologise for what it claimed was a
pattern of anti-Kenya propaganda by the channel. Kenya
is a hotbed of vibrant culture,
spectacular natural beauty,
and infinite possibility, Kenyatta said, in a speech at a business summit in Nairobi, standing alongside Obama. AFP

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completed the first trial run of
mass murder is four or more
its new Suez canal, officials
said, ahead of the formal
inauguration of the shipping
route next month.
Dubbed the Suez Canal
Axis, the new 72-kilometre
project built by the Egyptian
army is aimed at speeding up
traffic along the existing waterway by reducing the waiting
period for vessels, as well as
boosting revenues.
It will run part of the way
along the existing canal that
connects the Red Sea to the
Mediterranean. Today, we
made sure that vessels with a
draught of 66 feet are able to
use the new waterway, said
Captain Mohamed Fawzi of the
Suez Canal Authority, dubbing
the first trial run a success.
Officials said six vessels in
two fleets of three each crossed
through the expanded canal as
part of the trial run. One fleet
sailing from south to north had
vessels flying the flags of
Singapore, Luxembourg and
Bahrain.
AFP

BA0906>?0;0=Q
F0B78=6C>=

he United States is clearly


T
losing its battle (if there
was one really in the first
place) as figures compiled by
a tracking group point to as
many as 204 mass shootings
across the nation so far this
year. That, as of now, works
out to an average of exactly
one mass shooting per day.
The Mass Shooting
Tracker, a crowd-sourced antigun project featured on the
Reddit website, provides a compilation with links to published news accounts of each
mass shooting across America.
The site, sarcastically calling itself Guns Are Cool, lists
203 shootings prior to
Thursday evenings rampage
at a Louisiana movie theatre
that left three people dead and
nine injured.
Guns Are Cool, however,
uses a different definition of
what constitutes a mass shoot-

people murdered in a one


event, mass shooting should
logically correspond to four or
more people being shot at
(rather than being killed) in a
single episode, it says.
These shootings have
become so common that they
typically dont even make
national
news,
The
Washington Post noted in its
analysis of the tracking groups
compilation. Do you remember the four people shot in
Cincinnati earlier this month?
How about the seven in
Cleveland, or the nine in Fort
Wayne. Unless you live in
these areas, you probably didnt even hear about them, the
Post commented.
As the Post noted, there
have been 18 mass shootings in
April, 39 in May, 41 in June,
and 34 so far in July. The theatre shooting was Louisianas
eighth this year. There have
been 10 in Ohio, 14 in
California and 16 in New York.

05?Q 2>;><1>

ormer Maldivian president


F
Mohamed Nasheed has had
his 13-year prison sentence
commuted to a term under
house arrest, his international
lawyer said on Friday.
The government of the
Maldives has permanently
moved president Nasheed to
house arrest for the balance of
his 13-year term in prison,
Jared Genser told reporters in
Colombo. The lawyers comments came hours after the
Maldives government said it
would appeal against Nasheeds
conviction in March which drew
heavy international criticism.
A spokesman for the Maldivian
high commision in Colombo
confirmed the changes to
Nasheeds sentence, but said he
had no further details.
It is correct that the jail
term is now commuted to
house arrest, Hussain Mazin
told reporters.

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urkish war planes overnight


hit seven targets of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party
(PKK) in northern Iraq and also
pressed on with strikes against
Islamic State jehadists in Syria,
the Turkish Prime Ministers
Office said on Saturday.
Strikes were carried out
on targets of the Daesh (IS) terror group in Syria and the PKK
terror group in northern Iraq,
it said in a statement, saying
shelters and warehouses containing PKK weapons were hit
in the northern Iraq operation.
It listed seven locations in
northern Iraq where the strikes
had been carried out, including
Mount Kandil where the PKKs
military leadership is based.
In addition to the air raids,
Turkish ground forces also
carried out artillery strikes
against ISIS in Syria and the
PKK in northern Iraq, the
statement said.
Prime Minister Ahmet
Davutoglu convened a meeting
of top ministers and security
officials early today at around

2:00 am (local time) in Ankara


to discuss the cross-border
operations, it added.
Additional measures were
agreed for the fight against terrorism and instructions given
to the relevant authorities.
The military operations
come after a week of violence
in Turkey, including a suicide
bombing blamed on ISIS and
attacks on Turkish police
claimed by the PKK.
The bombing raids against
IS were the first such actions
against the group by Turkey,
which has long been accused of
taking an overly conciliatory
line on the jehadists.

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Tunis: Tunisias Parliament voted overwhelmingly to pass the


countrys new anti-terror law after a pair of devastating attacks
against tourists, but critics fear the new legislation may endanger the North African nations hard-won freedoms.
Alone among the countries that underwent the 2011 uprisings of the Arab Spring, Tunisia emerged with a democracy,
but amid a rise in attacks by Islamic radicals, the new government is increasingly considering stability and security over personal freedoms. There are many holes in the law that could
open the way to human rights violations, said a statement by
coalition of Tunisian 10 civil society groups, including the bar
association, the journalists union and several rights groups.
The law, which had languished in parliament for years and
was approved late Friday, was fast-tracked after gunmen in
March attacked the national museum in Tunis and killed 21
foreign tourists.
Three months later, another gunman attacked a resort in
Sousse killing 38 tourists, mostly Britons. Since then, the government has mobilised 100,000 additional army and police units
around the country, including 3,000 dedicated to guarding hotels
and tourist sites.
AP

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JODFLHUVVHHQRQ3OXWR
lowing nitrogen ice glaciers
have been glimpsed on the
F
surface of Pluto, along with an
unexpectedly thick layer of
haze in the atmosphere, NASA
scientists said on Saturday.
The latest discoveries are
from the flyby earlier this
month of New Horizons, an
unmanned probe that is revealing unprecedented views of the
distant dwarf planet as a complex, active world.
With flowing ices, exotic
surface chemistry, mountain
ranges, and vast haze, Pluto is
showing a diversity of planetary geology that is truly
thrilling, said John Grunsfeld,
NASA associate administrator
for the Science Mission
Directorate.
Scientists have been able to
see closer images of the western half of the heart-shape
known as Tombaugh Regio
on Plutos surface, where ices
appear to be moving and

his government. Hadi, whose


supporters have recaptured most
of the southern port of Aden
from the rebels after four months
of war, wanted the truce for the
delivery and distribution of the
maximum amount of humanitarian and medical aid, it said.
Two previous UN-brokered
ceasefires failed to take hold. The
Saudi move came as Yemeni
medical sources said a coalition
air raid killed at least 35 civilians
in the southwest of the war-ravaged Arabian Peninsula nation.
Women and children were
among the dead in the Friday
strike on Mokhba near the countrys third city Taez.
AFP

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Aden: The Saudi-led coalition


bombing Yemeni rebels since
March declared a five-day truce
on Saturday so aid can reach a
country the UN says is on the
brink of a humanitarian disaster.
Announcing the unilateral
truce to begin from midnight
Sunday, a statement on the official Saudi Press Agency said the
coalition also reserved the right
to respond to military activity
or movement by the Shiite
Huthi rebels during the ceasefire.
SPA said the decision was
taken at the request of Yemens
President Abedrabbo Mansour
Hadi, who has taken refuge in
the Saudi capital with much of

smoothing out the surface.


NASA said that in this
area, informally named
Sputnik Planum, a sheet of
ice clearly appears to have
flowed and may still be
flowing in a manner similar to glaciers on Earth.
Weve only seen surfaces
like this on active worlds like
Earth and Mars, said mission
co-investigator John Spencer.
The ices in that region are
made of nitrogen, carbon
monoxide and methane. At
Plutos temperatures of minus390 degrees Fahrenheit, these
ices can flow like a glacier,
said Bill McKinnon, deputy
leader of the New Horizons
Geology, Geophysics and
Imaging team at Washington
University in St. Louis.
In the southernmost
region of the heart, adjacent
to the dark equatorial region,
it appears that ancient,
heavily-cratered terrain has
been invaded by much newer
icy deposits.

Washington: Democratic 2016


presidential contender Hillary
Clinton ran into a new political
storm over the use of a private
server for sending official emails
with reports suggesting that
some emailed material contained classified information.
The inspector general for the
Intelligence community had
informed US Congress that
some material emailed from the
former secretary of states private
server contained classified information, but it was not identified
that way, CNN reported.
The IG reviewed a limited

sampling of her emails and


among those 40 reviewed found
that four contained classified
(Intelligence community) information, IG Charles
McCullough was
quoted as saying in a
letter to Congress.
The four emails
in question were
classified when they
were sent and are
classified now, spokeswoman
Andrea Williams told CNN.
McCullough said that State
Department Freedom of

Information Act officials told the


intelligence community IG that
there are potentially hundreds
of classified emails within the approximately
30,000 provided by former Secretary Clinton.
Clinton on Friday
criticised what she called
a lot of inaccuracies in
reports about the classified emails. She added
that she had released
500 pages of emails and that Ive
said repeatedly that I will answer
questions posed by a
Congressional panel.

>=14=670I80CC02:

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?=BQ =4F34;78

ormer Chief Executive of


Petronet LNG Ashok
F
Kumar Balyan has joined Anil
Ambani-led Reliance Group as
Chief Executive Officer (CEO)
of its Oil & Gas Business division. Balyan will mainly lead
the Group's efforts towards
setting up of LNG terminal and
LNG procurement for the
Bangladesh power project.
Among other areas,
Balyan shall be leading the
Group's efforts towards setting
up of LNG terminal and LNG
procurement
for
the
Bangladesh power project
being implemented by
Reliance Power as well as
other opportunities in the oil
and gas space, the company
said in a statement.

Balyan completed fiveyear term as Managing


Director and Chief Executive
Officer of Petronet, India's
largest liquefied natural gas
importer, on July 15.
Reliance Power has recent-

ly announced setting up of
3,000 MW LNG-based power
plant and a LNG terminal in
Bangladesh. The total investment in the project which
will be implemented in phases is estimated to be around
C18,000 crore.
Balyan brings along with
him rich experience of over
four decades in strategic planning, operations management,
business development and
human resources in oil and gas
sector, the statement said.
Balyan will be based out
of Delhi. Prior to Petronet,
he was with Oil and Natural
Gas Corp (ONGC) for nearly three decades. He was
Director (Human Resource
Development) at ONGC
before being appointed CEO
of Petronet.

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he European Union has


banned the marketing of
around 700 generic medicines
for alleged manipulation of clinical trials conducted by India's
pharmaceutical research company GVK Biosciences.
The largest EU-wide suspension of sales and distribution
of generic drugs ordered by the
European Commission will
come into effect on August 21
and it will be applicable to all 28
member nations, according to
Germany's drug regulator, the
Federal Institute for Medicines
and Medical Products (BfArM).
Medicines affected by the
sales ban will lose their validity
for use in the EU from that date
and they should no longer be distributed or sold by pharmaceutical companies, wholesale dealers, drugs stores and other outlets, the agency based in Bonn
said in a press statement.

7hd]SPXc^WXZTRPa_aXRTbd_c^C"Ua^\0dV
?C8Q =4F34;78

yundai Motor India Ltd (HMIL)


will increase car prices across all
H
models, excluding that of sports utili-

ty vehicle Creta, by up to C30,000 from


next month in view of rising input costs.
The price increase would come into
effect from August 1, HMIL said in a
statement. The company sells a range of
cars, including small cars-- Eon, i10,
sedans Verna and Sonat -- and premium

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rug maker Pfizer on


Saturday posted a 43.43
per cent rise in its net profit at C53.83 crore for the first
quarter ended June.
The company had posted profit of C37.53 crore a
year earlier. Net sales rose to
C479.20 crore for the said
quarter compared with C
431.03 crore in the year-ago
quarter, Pfizer said in a filing to BSE.
The company said there
has been a temporary impact
on production at the Goa
plant due to conciliation
issues between the workers
union and the management.
The company has already
taken alternative manufacturing initiatives, it added.

sports utility vehicle Santa Fe in India,


priced between C3.08 lakh and C30.21

lakh (ex-showroom Delhi).


The hike has been necessitated by
increase of input costs. We have been
absorbing most of the costs but now we
are constrained to consider the price rise
in these challenging market environment, HMIL, Senior Vice President
sales and marketing, Rakesh Srivastava
said. Earlier this week, the company
launched Creta at an introductory price
range of C8.59 lakh and 13.6 lakh (exshowroom Delhi).

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05? Q 0C74=B

reece has submitted an official request to the


G
International Monetary Fund or
a new loan as it seeks a huge third
bailout from its creditors, the
finance ministry said on Saturday.
We would like to inform
you that we are seeking a new
loan facility from the
International Monetary Fund,
Finance Minister Euclid
Tsakalotos wrote in a letter to
Christine Lagarde, the managing
director of the IMF.
The debt-crippled Greek
government, led by radical-left
party Syriza, had initially planned
to go without fresh help from the
IMF as it considers the agency
too wedded to draconian austerity measures. Tsakalotos said
Greece was taking new steps to
move ahead with talks on the

bailout -- which will be worth up


to 86 billion euros ($94 billion)
over three years -- after parliament passed two laws enshrining
a series of tough reforms
demanded by the creditors,
including tax rises and a pensions
overhaul.
The Greek authorities have
committed to implement a number of policies that would
enhance fiscal sustainability,
strengthen fiscal stability, sustain
long-term growth and, importantly, spread the cost of economic adjustment in a fair way,"
the finance minister wrote.
It is our belief that it will take
several quarters before the Greek
economy faces up to these challenges and returns to a vigorous
and sustainable path to growth
with fairness and social inclusion, he added.
Tsakalotos noted that

Greece, which has previously


been bailed out twice by the
European Union, European
Central Bank and IMF, has
already formally requested a new
three-year loan from the eurozone's bailout fund, the European
Stability Mechanism. Greece's
existing aid programme from the
IMF runs until early 2016, and a
new request was not technically
necessary.
The development came
amid an apparent delay in getting
the ball rolling on talks to finalise
the package, with sources familiar with the matter speaking of
logistical problems. Greece had
said yesterday that negotiators
would fly in to Athens on Friday
to begin the talks, but by Friday
the European Commission was
saying representatives of the socalled troika of creditors wouldarrive in the coming days.

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he Indian medical device industry has a potential to grow from


current $4.4 billion to $7 billion by 2016, a premier US-India
T
business body has said as it called for a dialogue with the
Government to address issues of ease of doing business. The USIndia Business Council (USIBC) also stressed on Friday that there
is a need for a separate regulatory framework for medical devices.
The business body that led a 3-day Medical Device Trade
Mission to New Delhi and Gandhinagar from July 21 said there
are opportunities for collaboration to attract investment and talent to the sector.
The Indian medical device industry is currently valued at $4.4
billion, the fourth largest in Asia and the sector has the potential
to grow to $7 billion by 2016 with a growth rate of 1015 per cent
annually, it said. Citing the NDA Government's focus on 'Make in
India', the USIBC delegation said India had strong potential in developing innovative industries in the medical devices sector.

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he Government has set the


floor price for 5 per cent
T
stake sale in PFC at C254 a

share, a discount of 2 per cent


over the market price, which
would fetch around C1,600
crore to the exchequer. The
offer for sale (OFS) would take
place on July 27.
The floor price of the
offer shall be C254 per equity
share of Power Finance
Corporation (PFC)," the company said in a BSE filing on
Saturday.
PFC would be the second
PSU to be divested under the
Government's disinvestment
programme of the current

ndian-origin banker Anshu


Jain, Deutsche Bank's former
Ico-chief,
has got a clean chit
from the German financial
watchdog BaFin, on charges of
allegedly lying to the regulators
about the interbank rate rigging
scandal.
Jain, who quit as co-CEO
of Deutsche Bank with effect
from June 30, was earlier accused
of having knowingly made inaccurate statements to Germany's
central bank, Deutsche
Bundesbank, thus misleading
regulators on what he knew
about the alleged manipulation
of inter-bank rates such as Libor.
As per reports, the Federal
Financial Supervisory Authority
(BaFin) had criticised Deutsche
Bank and Jain in its report on
investigations into the rate fixing
scandal. Bafin and Deutsche

Bundesbank together share the


supervision of banking business in the country. A report in
business daily Financial Times,
however, said on Saturday that
BaFin has dropped a key strand
of its investigation and has
cleared Jain of allegedly lying to
the central bank about what he
knew about the rate manipulation.
On its part, Deutsche Bank
said, We continue to work
with our regulator to bring this
inquiry to a conclusion. In a letter written to Jain earlier this
month, BaFin President Felix

fiscal. In April, Government


had sold stake in REC.
At
present,
the
Government holds 72.80 per
cent equity in Power Finance
Corporation. After sale of
6.60 crore shares representing
5 per cent stake on offer, the
Government's holding will be
reduced to 67.80 per cent.
The floor price of C254 a
share is at a discount of 2.14
per cent over on Friday's closing price of C259.55. At the
floor price, the Government is
expected to mobilise around
C1,676 crore through the
divestment.

PFC would be the first


disinvestment under the modified OFS rules of Sebi under
which companies are allowed
to disclose stake sale plans two
'banking' days ahead of the
issue.
The Department of
Disinvestment
had
approached Sebi in March
saying they do not want trading days in-between the
announcement and stake sale.
Earlier, the companies
were required to give an
advance notice of two trading
days before the OFS, which
the Government says, gave

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rug major Lupin on


Saturday said it has
received approval from its
shareholders to raise up to
C7,500 crore through issue of
securities.
In a BSE f i ling, t he
Mumbai-based firm said
shareholders have approved
a proposal today to raise
funds for an amount not
e xc e e d i ng C 7 , 5 0 0 c rore
through issue of securities.
The shareholders also
approved reappointment of
D e sh B and hu Gupt a as

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Executive Chairman of the


company for five years with
effect from January 1, 2016,
it added.
The members also
approved reappointment of
Kamal K Sharma as Vice
Chairman of the company
for a period of two years, with

ef fect
f rom
September 29,
2015.
Last month
the company's
board had given
in-principle
approval for raising funds of up
to C7,500 crore and now
shareholders in the annual
general meeting (AGM) have
approved the fund raising
exercise.
The filing, however, did
not disclose the purpose of
raising the funding.

scope for speculators to beat


down the share price of the
disinvestment-bound PSU.
The Department has a
C69,500-crore target from
PSU disinvestment in the current fiscal, of which C41,000
crore would come from
minority stake sale and
C28,500 crore from strategic
stake sale.
As much as 20 per cent of
the issue size is reserved for
retail investors and 25 per cent
for mutual funds and domestic insurance companies. The
remaining portion is left for
institutional investors, which
are usually lapped up mostly
by domestic financial institutions and foreign funds.

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ecovering from over fouryear lows, gold prices


R
jumped C350 to close at C25,400

per 10 grams at the bullion market on Saturday largely on buying by jewellers despite weak
trends in global markets. Silver
also recovered from nearly fiveyear lows by gaining C100 to
C34,050 per kg on increased offtake by industrial units and
coin makers. Bullion traders
attributed rebound in gold prices
to emergence of buying by jewellers as well as retailers at prevailing lower levels.

jca^l

80=BQ<D<108

urrency fluctuations couC


pled with international
financial instability, saw India's
foreign exchange reserves plunging by $1.03 billion in the week
ended July 17.
Data furnished by the
Reserve Bank of India (RBI), in
its weekly statistical supplement, showed that India's foreign exchange reserves stood at
$353.32 billion. This is the
fourth straight week of decline
in foreign reserves. The reserves
had plunged by $237.5 million
(June 26).
The foreign reserves had
tripped on Greece's debt crisis
and Chinese stock markets crash.
They had then receded by over
$700 million for the week ended
July 3. Before that the reserves
had fallen by 156.9 million to
$354.36 billion by July 11.
Foreign exchange reserves
till now had increased by close
to $35-$40 billion since last
year as overseas investors,
buoyed by the hope of economic
revival, poured in dollars in the
local debt and equities markets.
During the week under
review the foreign currency
assets (FCAs) which constitutes
the largest component of the
forex reserves declined by $982
million and stood at $328.93 billion. The country's gold reserves
were stagnant at $19.07 billion.
The special drawing rights
(SDRs) were down by $39.6
million to $4.01 billion. The
country's reserve position with
the International Monetary
Fund (IMF) fell by $12.8 million to $1.30 billion.

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Hufeld said that the regulator


was dropping that part of its
probe into Libor-rigging at
Deutsche after considering that
the 'probable' interpretation of
the evidence weighed in Jain's
favour, the report said.
The suspicion that you
made knowingly incorrect statements to a regulator seems
unsubstantiated to me. This
aspect will therefore no longer
be relevant in the continued
assessment by BaFin, Hufeld
wrote in his letter to Jain.
The BaFin President, however, added that all other allegations against Jain and
Deutsche Bank were still being
evaluated by the regulator. Jain,
52, had reportedly told the central bank that he had no knowledge of rumours of possible rigging in 2008. Deutsche Bank
had said last month that Jain's
comments were taken out of
context.

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recent ruling by Madras High
Court granted a rapist interim
bail so that he could mediate
with the rape survivor. Though
the court has since withdrawn
its order and cancelled the bail on an intervention by the Supreme Court, as also taken
back its suggestion of mediation, the judgment has triggered a nationwide debate on
why there should not be any compromise
or marriage between rape survivor and her
rapist.
Outraged lawyers and activists helping
rape survivors stitch back their lives say that
such rulings don't bode well for the victims
and their families. In fact, they assert, it
opens up avenues for rapists to go scot-free
in a crime which anyway has a low rate of
conviction.
It its recent observation on the issue, the
Supreme Court held that it would be a spectacular error to adopt any kind of liberal
approach in sexual assault cases. The conception of compromise, under no circumstances, can be thought of in a case of rape
or attempt to rape, said a bench of Justices
Dipak Misra and PC Pant while hearing a
rape case of 2008.
The dignity of a woman is a part of her
non-perishable and immortal self and no
one should ever think of painting it in clay.
There cannot be a compromise or settlement
as it would be against her honour, which
matters the most. Any kind of liberal
approach or a thought of mediation in this
regard is thoroughly and completely sans
legal permissibility, it said.
Stating that any proposal by the accused
to marry the victim is attempted pressure,
the court said: We say with emphasis that
the courts are to remain absolutely away
from this subterfuge to adopt a soft approach
to the case, for any kind of liberal approach
has to be put in the compartment of spectacular error. Or to put it differently, it would
be in the realm of a sanctuary of error.
The bench asserted that sexual assaults
are offences which suffocate the breath of
life and sully the reputation of a woman.
Such an attitude (favouring mediation)
reflects lack of sensibility towards the dignity and the elan vital of a woman it ruptures the sense of justice and punctures the
criminal justice dispensation system, it
added.
Tinku Khanna of Apne Aap Women
Worldwide, a charitable trust, says that
judgements suggesting compromise reflect
the patriarchal mindset of the systems. It
reflects poorly in todays national climate
where sensitisation towards survivors has
assumed importance. We strongly believe
that there should be no room for settlement
in rape cases since many times, the accused
is known to the victim and due to the nature
of the crime, any kind of mediation would
be blurred by coercion. The State should try
to create a system of support at every level
where survivors can receive counselling,
skills training and economic empowerment.
Settling with the accused means succumbing to the same cycle of exploitation,
Khanna points out.
It is unfortunate that such a statement
was made by the (Madras) High Court. One
has to understand that public memory is
short. Six months down the line everyone
will forget the case and when another such
case comes up, it wont be surprising if the
defence lawyer cites this case in defence of
the rapist to arrange for a mediation,
Supreme Court advocate Ashok Dhamija
says.
He tells you that any mediation that
happens in rape cases 95 per cent of the
times takes place even before the case is
registered or when the police has still not
taken any action. Since the incident is fresh
and the girl is still under trauma, she gives
into the pressure, more so if she happens to
be a minor and there are other daughters in
the family. If the rape survivor's family is
poor, taking money and withdrawing the
complaint or compromising by getting the
girl married to the rapist is common. But
once the case is registered and the proceedings start, the survivor has made up her
mind that she will fight till the very end. In
such cases, there is little pressure that can
be put on the family or the rape survivor.
If in such cases the court gives interim bail to the rapist, it is travesty of justice.
Also the choice of mediation cant be given
to the rapist for committing such a heinous
crime, Dhamija says.
Dhamija tells you that rapists being let
off is common. In the case of Baldev Singh
versus State of Punjab that was decided on
February 22, 2011, the Supreme Court (a

bench consisting of Justice Markandey


Katju and Justice Gyan Sudha Misra) had
reduced the sentence in a gangrape case
under Section 376(2)(g) of the IPC to much
below the minimum punishment prescribed under the law on grounds that did
not appear to be so special and that it
appeared to be commonly available in many
other cases, Dhamija points out.
He feels, in this case, there was no adequate reason to reduce the sentence. First,
given the fact that many of the cases
remain pending in trial courts for 15-20
years with appeals in High Courts and
Supreme Courts needing longer durations,
the Baldev Singh case cant be given special

appeal proceedings. If they


advantage of being an old
do marry (not to each
case. This case got decided
other), this fact does not
(from the trial court, the
High Court and then the 8cXbd]U^acd]PcTcWPc deserve any special consideration as it is a usual
Supreme Court) in 14 years.
cWTR^]eXRcX^]X]
phenomenon common to
There are a large number of
aP_TRPbTbXbb^
most cases.
similar cases that take much
SXb\P[8UcWTaTPaT
Third, the fact that the
longer periods, he says.
bdVVTbcX^]b^U
parties had arrived at a
Besides, the accused get\TSXPcX^]^]TfX[[ compromise has to be seen
ting married during the long
pendency of the case or the bTT\^aTaP_Tb8cb in the context of the fact
that rape (and more so,
survivor getting married is
[XZTPcWXTUbPhX]V
gangrape) is a non-comnot unusual either. One cant
b^aahPUcTaPcWTUc
poundable offence under
expect that they should not
law. Therefore, the law
marry during the long pendoes not give any recognidency of the trial or the

tion to a compromise between the rapist and


the rape survivor. This being so, giving
importance to such a compromise may have
the tendency to lead to the unfortunate consequence of rapists pressurising the rape-victims into a compromise. This negates the
legislative intent and mandate. It may also
lead to further victimisation of the rape survivor. So, money or muscle power may overpower the legal processes by way of a forced
compromise.
One has to understand that rape is a
non-compoundable offence. This means
that there can be no compromise or for that
matter mediation. Even if the parties
involved want to mediate, it is the duty of

the court to prevent this. Unfortunately, in


this case (Madras High Court) neither the
lawyers nor the judge realised that there can
be no mediation. Why the judge didnt take
notice or the prosecuting lawyer bring it up
or point it out while the judge was issuing
the statement could stem from the fact that
the people involved didnt fully understand
the repercussions of the statement the
judge was making.
Sometimes High Court judges take
upon themselves to be do-gooders even
though they dont have the power to do so.
They forget that only the SC has special powers under the provisions of Article 142 of the
Constitution of India to do complete justice,
Dhamija explains. He adds that a compromise between the parties is a cause to look
at the case with suspicion. It is like adding
insult to injury.
First you commit rape and then force
a compromise on the survivor using money
or muscle power. That is why perhaps, the
Parliament, in its own wisdom, decided to
keep the offence of rape as a non-compoundable offence, where a compromise is
not allowed, Dhamija says.
Sehba Farooqui, secretary of the All
India Democratic Womens Association,
New Delhi, protested the minute the statement was issued by the court. Lauding the
SCs judgement as a positive step for rape
survivors, Farooqui says that the effort
should be to lending support to rape survivors to bear the pressure rather than to
suggest a compromise. Though, at present,
we dont have any case in the Capital, there
are several in Haryana. Offering money and
marriage is common. But we tell the survivor
to hold ground and not to give in. The question of mediation doesnt arise, Farooqui
says.
Jagmati Sangwan, a Haryana-based
womens rights activist, says that the judgment is a strong signal from the highest judicial authority that any attempt by courts to
settle rape cases through compromise will
not be tolerated. The judgment will encourage rape survivors and their families to go
to the courts seeking justice.
Such a statement would have had serious repercussions but the fact that the SC
stepped has sent a strong message to rapists
that they cant commit such a heinous crime
and get away by simply offering marriage.
The courts have been set up where people
can go for justice, but if they issue such statements where is the need to have courts. It
is like a policewallah saying why file a case
Aap ki beti ki hi badmani hogi,Jagmati
points out.
The reason behind any kind of compromise talk is that we live in a patriarchal
society where a woman has no identity.
When she is born, she is her fathers
responsibility, after that she needs a husband
and in old age it is the son who is meant to
look after her. She is seen as a liability and
not a person. Till she is seen in this light,
such statements will be a regular feature.
People cant see a woman without a man
in her life because of the kind of society we
have built for ourselves. We have made
women weak physically and financially.
Her dependency on others makes her vulnerable and the main reason why it is not
the rapist but the woman who is blamed for
the crime. It is always easy to point the finger at the other person; in this case the
woman, Jagmati says.
The fact that only 30 per cent rape cases
reach a conclusion means that the victim
families face a lot of pressure. From the treatment meted out by the police officers to the
way the defence lawyers treats rape survivors
and the relentless societal stigma everything adds up for most victims to break
down, give up or compromise.
It is unfortunate that the conviction in
rape cases is so dismal. On top of that, if
there are suggestions of mediation one will
see more rapes. Its like a thief saying sorry
after a theft. Courts are there to give justice,
Jagmati says.
When a rape case comes to court or to
the State, it should not come without any
compromise provision. No one should try
to intervene for mediation because compromise in such cases entails further oppression of the victim. Every day, thousands of
teenaged girls and young women from marginalised castes, ethnicities or minority religious groups get trafficked and are raped
within the system of prostitution that profits out of them. Any suggested compromises
sterilise the violence on women be it commercial (within the brothel system) or noncommercial and eventually legitimise violence against women, Khanna says.

b_^ac 

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274==08) Left-arm spinner Pragyan Ojha turned

out to be the biggest gainer while comeback man


Amit Mishra got five wickets and more importantly vital overs under his belt as the first unofficial
Test match between India A and Australia A ended
in a tame draw.
Chasing a target of 240, Australia A reached
161 for four in 46 overs when the umpires decided to call off the match after the two captains shook
hands.
For Ojha, a match haul of 6/132 (5/87 & 1/45)
will do his confidence a world of good. Mishra on
his part bowled close to 40 overs across both innings
and a return of five wickets could be considered a
decent performance.
Earlier, India A declared their first innings at
206 for eight, starting from their overnight score
of 121 for three.
India on Saturday batted 32.3 overs as young
Shreyas Iyer (33) again chipped in with a useful contribution while Karun Nair (23) failed once again.
Pacer Gurinder Sandhu (2/27) and part-time
seamer Marcus Stoinis (2/17) were the most successful bowlers while left-arm spinner Steve
OKeefe took his match-haul to eight wickets with
2/81 in the second innings.
The next match, starting July 28, will feature
Test captain Virat Kohli.
Brief Scores India A: 301 (Rahul 96, Pujara 55,
Shankar 51*, OKeefe 6/82) & 206/8 dec (Pujara 42,
Mukund 40, Stoinis 2/18, Sandhu 2/27) drew with
Australia A: 268 (Handscomb 91, Stoinis 77, Ojha
5/85, Mishra 3/55) & 161/4 (Bancroft 51, Head 50,
Mishra 2-49).
?C8

3aPeXSWPX[b:^W[Xb
STRXbX^]c^_[Ph
PVPX]bc0dbcaP[XP0
274==08) Rahul Dravid on Saturday hailed Virat

Kohlis decision to play against Australia A, saying


it shows Test skippers intent and keenness to prepare himself for the upcoming Sri Lanka series.
Its fantastic that Virat wants to come and play.
In fact, he spoke to me almost three weeks ago wanting to play at least one match in the series. Its nice
that hes very keen to play and prepare himself for
the Sri Lanka tour. He wants match practice and
we are happy, Dravid said at a press conference.
The India A coach said it indeed was a good
chance for youngsters to catch attention of the Test
captain. It is always nice to have the Indian captain (in team) and I think it will be great boost for
lot of the young guys in the team who want to
impress the captain. It is better way to do it in front
of him. He is playing in the same eleven.
Talking about the unofficial Test that ended in
a draw against Australia A, Dravid said the slow
wicket deprived the teams of a result. We knew
that if were to force a result, we need to get them
at 40 for 3 early on. If they were to get the result
they need to get 170 or so losing one or two wickets. It was a slow wicket and wasnt easy to score
runs, especially off the faster bowlers. It spun a little bit later on but it is a classic five-day wicket.
Unfortunately, for us to force a result was not really easy, he said.
Yet Dravid drew a lot of positives from the
game. Good all-round positives. Pragyan Ojha
coming back from the issues that he had and Amit
Mishra getting in to the Indian side. They are still
bowling well. The conditions werent ideal for the
seamers. I thought the two seamers and Vijay
Shankar bowled with good disciplines.
In the batting, again, it is very hard wicket to
judge. It was not free flowing and was not easy to
score lot of runs. In all round, I thought even in
the batting the guys who made contributions
chipped and kept. It was hard work and we need
to look to be positive. Given the conditions few all
round positives from this game, Dravid said.
On his impression of all-rounder Vijay Shankar
performance, the coach said Vijay had a good game
considering the conditions, the wicket and the situation. It was not really a wicket for his kind of
bowling. To be honest. Probably bowlers like him
require some more in the wicket. He batted very
nicely. First innings, he was nice and positive and
in the second innings as well. It is a good first
impression.
?C8

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5^Rdb]^f^]=TTaPY:d\Pa

ormer India pacer S Sreesanth and


F
two other cricketers, who were discharged of spot-fixing charges by a
Delhi Court on Saturday, found it tough
to control their emotions and said they
were desperate to make a comeback after
two years of ignominy.
Sreesanth, Mumbai left-arm spinner
Ankeet Chavan and Rajasthan offspinner Ajit Chandila were literally in
tears when the Patiala House Court
dropped all charges of spot- fixing
against them pertaining to the 2013 IPL
spot-fixing scandal.
I am feeling very happy at the
moment and hope that I start training
soon. I hope to get permission from the
BCCI to start using the training facilities
soon, so that I can get fit and get into the
selection process. God has been extremely kind, a visibly drained Sreesanth told
reporters outside the court.
I am born to play cricket. I am a
cricketer first. BCCI has been very supportive all through. TC Mathew Sir in
Kerala had told me that you finish this and
we will take it from there.
The worst that can happen to a cricketer is to stay behind the National Stadium
and not be able to use it. I went through
a lot of things but its past now. I would love
to be able to run there. I just couldnt control my tears, he added.
Similar were the emotions
expressed by Chavan and Chandila,
both of whom said that they cannot
wait to return to the field.
All three had to spend time in jail during the course of investigation. Of the
three, Sreesanth and Chavan are currently serving life bans imposed by the BCCI
after the scandal shook the league, while
Chandilas hearing is still on.
So far I just know that I have been
given a discharge and now I am looking
forward to play cricket. So lets see how it
goes. I am taking it step by step. It was

APX]WXc1P]V[PB0CTbcT]SbX]SaPf
278CC06>=6) The first cricket Test
between Bangladesh and South Africa
ended in a draw today after rain
washed out the fifth days play in
Chittagong.
With no chance of a result in the
weather-battered match, officials
called off play at noon.
South Africa captain Hashim
Amla said he was disappointed over
the loss of playing hours. It goes without saying that when you come all the
way from South Africa you really
want to play Test cricket, Amla said
at the post-match press conference.
But these things you cant really control. So theres no use getting
frustrated about it, he said.
The game was poised in our
favour I feel, but theres nothing you
can do about it.
This was the first draw for
Bangladesh against South Africa after
defeats in previous eight Tests, seven
by an innings margin.

?C8

<TSXd\_PRTaB BaTTbP]cW^dcbXSTcWT?PcXP[P7^dbTR^dac^]BPcdaSPh0caXP[R^dacPR`dXccTSWX\P[^]VfXcW0YXc2WP]SX[PP]S0]ZTTc2WPeP]QT[^fX]cWT8?; b_^cUXgX]VRPbT

Bangladesh captain Mushfiqur


Rahim said he was expecting a better result, especially after taking the
first innings lead. Yes, its frustrating.
It was really positive for us to take the
lead against the worlds top-ranked
Test side, Rahim said.
If there had been a complete
match, the result could have been different. We can only take positives
from the match.
Bowling them out cheaply and
then scoring over 300 runs against
them first time, taking the lead, the
batting of top and late order are positives for us.
Rain had washed out the entire
fourth days play and some 50 overs
were lost on the second and third days
at the Zahur Ahmed Chowdhury
Stadium.
South Africa, who scored 248 in
the first innings, bowled out
Bangladesh for 326 before making 610 in their second knock.
05?

tough for me as a cricketer.


It was a tough time but I got through
with support from family and friends. I
am sure I will be back to cricket again,
said Chavan.
Chandila said he was also eager to
come back as soon as possible. I
believed in the judiciary and believed in
my God. Now I trust BCCI that they will
give me a chance to play again. I will discuss with my lawyer, who was like God
to me, that what will be my next step. It
was the worst time of my life but I had
faith in judiciary.
My family was with me. They told
me that things will fall into place. After
two years, now I will be able to sleep
peacefully, he said.
The Special Cell of Delhi Police had
named 42 accused in the case in its charge
sheet out of whom six are absconding.
The investigation carried out by
police in the case had earlier come under
scanner of the court which had questioned

its theory of match fixing, saying there


was prima facie no evidence showing that
matches were fixed by the accused.
During the arguments on framing of
charges in the case, the police had referred
to telephonic conversations among the
accused to buttress their claim that they
were involved in match fixing and betting.
It had also alleged that call detail
records clearly reflect the linkage of
accused persons who were part of a crime
syndicate to generate money.
The police had filed a 6,000-page
charge sheet against various accused in the
case. It had also filed supplementary
charge sheet later on.
The court had granted bail to
Sreesanth, Chavan and various other
accused for lack of evidence against them
under the provisions of stringent
Maharashtra Control of Organised
Crime Act (MCOCA). Other accused,
including Chandila, were also granted
bail later on by the court.

37>=8140CB
A>=0;3>=030;
;>=3>=) Indias ODI cricket captain
Mahendra Singh Dhoni has been named
as the ninth most marketable sportsperson in the world ahead of the likes of football superstar Lionel Messi and sprint
king Usain Bolt in a power list prepared
by London School of Marketing.
While compiling the list, LSM
researchers looked at the brand value
of the individuals along with their current income from sponsorship and the
percentage of their total earnings it
accounted for as well as their social
media presence.
Swiss tennis master Roger Federer
was named as the most marketable
sports star in the world, followed by
golfers Tiger Woods and Phil Mickelson
at second and third respectively.

He may not have won Wimbledon


this year, but its Federers personal characteristics which sponsors find so attractive, said Jacques de Cock, faculty
member at the London School of
Marketing.
Maria Sharapova and
Serena Williams the
only two women to
make it into the top 20
claim the 12th
and 20th spots,
respectively.
Despite having passed their
peak physically,
Roger Federer, Tiger
Woods and Phil Mickelson are
kings, de Cock said.
?C8

=4F 34;78) A Delhi courts verdict


dropping all charges against former
India paceman S Sreesanth and two
other cricketers in the 2013 IPL spotfixing scandal has brought back the
spotlight on former Delhi Police
Commissioner Neeraj Kumar.
Incidentally, it was under Kumars
leadership that Delhi Police had arrested the trio of Sreesanth, Ajit Chandila
and Ankeet Chavan and now the
retired IPS officer is the chief advisor
to the Boards Anti-Corruption Unit
(ACU) replacing Ravi Sawani.
In fact, murmurs have already
started in the board circles about how
well Kumar will perform in his role
after Delhi Polices investigations have
fallen flat with Patiala House Court discharging the trio along with 33 others
in the IPL 2013 spot-fixing scandal.
Yes, it is a bit of an embarrassment
no doubt for Neeraj Kumar as he lead
the investigations. Although BCCIs
decision remains unaltered, it seemed
like Delhi Polices investigations were
a botched-up one, a senior BCCI offi-

cial said on Saturday.


But for BCCI, their defence of
Kumar is that he was not a part of the
invstigations for the entire duration.
While it is true that Kumar was
Delhi CP when they (cricketers)
were arrested. But post arrest, he
retired and the investigations were
carried on. If the Delhi Police have
failed to provide any evidence, how
can you blame Kumar for that? the
official questioned.
The feeling in BCCI is that it will
be difficult to revoke the ban as it was
BJP heavyweight Arun Jaitley-headed
disciplinary committee that imposed
the life ban on Sreesanth and Chavan.
Look, there are still a few bridges
that needs to be crossed before anything radically different happens.
We need to wait whether Delhi Police
appeals against the Patial House verdict in Higher Court. Then probably,
the legal team can somewhat decide
on the next course of action, said the
official.
?C8

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n a widely expected move, Roelant Oltmans


was on Saturday appointed coach of India's
Ihockey
team replacing fellow Dutchman Paul
Van Ass who had taken over in late January.
Confirming the decision, Hockey India
chief Narinder Batra met Sports Authority of
India Director General Injeti Srinivas to relay the
information. In the morning he had met Oltmans
himself and Hockey India CEO Elena Norman.
High Performance Director Oltmans had
been part of Indian hockey for the past three
years now and has headed the team after Terry
Walsh was sacked. In that brief period, he guided the team to a respectable fourth position at
the Champions Trophy in Bhubaneswar.
Oltmans will stay on as coach at least until
the Olympics in Rio de Janeiro next year with
hope of keeping him till the World Cup too but
that, Batra stated, would depend on the results.
"Oltmans has agreed to be the coach till the
Rio Olympics and we would want him to continue after that till the World Cup too but let's
see how things work out. We will talk to him
about his requirements regarding the support
stuff and will give the assistance he needs," Batra
said after the meeting.
The decision to let go of the Dutchman has
been terribly murky with both involved in a
war of words and allegations being thrown at
each other.
A nine-member special committee headed
by Olympian Harbinder Singh on Friday had
recommended his tenure not be extended.

E0=0BBF0B8=2><?4C4=C)10CA0

Batra didn't budge from hitting back at Van


Ass' claims that he is an "autocratic administrator" and said he had no qualms about seeing a "mediocre coach" leave. "To me, he was
incompetent as a coach but was good as a motivator. I didn't know this when he came here
first five months ago," said Batra.
He however did admit that losing a coach
a year before the Olympics is a setback that
puts the team behind a month but said that it's
best to get past all this now and focus on the
action on the pitch.

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The war of words didn't end though. Batra


continued to counter Van Ass' claims: "I don't
want to say much about a person who says one
lie after another. He says he doesn't have a ticket, when the ticket was there.
He was so demoralised before the quarterfinal against Malaysia (at the HWL semifinals). The players told me he was nervous
before the game, how can he motivate the team
in that case?"
Batra added that the support staff size here
differs from that in Holland and that possibly

got to him. He also denied that any pressure


was put on Van Ass suggesting he had only met
the Dutchman twice.
"I started evaluating (after World League),
when you are in Holland, you get a support
staff of 10. Forward coach, midfield coach,
goalkeeper coach and other strategists, it doesn't happen in India. He felt he was overworked.
He was not able to deliver. He said to the players that Hockey India was putting pressure on
him. Who has put pressure? I met him twice
only in five months, said Batra.
Taking a further dig, Batra said, "As I said,
he was a good motivator but not a good coach.
Planning, strategy is also part of coaching."
In the process, Van Ass has become the
fourth coach to be shown the door in the past
five years. Some have pointed fingers at
Hockey India or Batra in the poor management
of coaches. "The decision on (Jose) Brasa was
already taken before we took charge, (Michael)
Nobbs left on health reasons and he still talks
to us, with Walsh there was the issue of financial irregularities he committed in USA," said
Batra in his defence.
He further defended his position on
Walshs exit claiming he was sacked to avoid
financial irregularities and questioned the
medias double-standards if the coach had been
Indian and done the same.
Batra confirmed that assistant coach Jude
Felix has resigned from his post but refused
to shed light on the future of Gurbaj Singh who
has been reprimanded for 'misbehaviour and
groupism by the committee.
"I don't discuss individuals in public.
Whatever decision has been made, those are
internal things and will be resolved internally. Besides that, Jude Felix has resigned, his resignation has been accepted."
Despite finishing fourth at Hockey World
League semi-finals in Antwerp, Batra said the performances were not satisfactory. "It is time the team
shows consistency. If they would have lost 1-0 to
bigger teams, then it is still okay. Losing so badly
to Australia (2-6), Britain (1-5) and Belgium (04), something is seriously wrong somewhere.
Indian now needs to be in top four otherwise
something is seriously wrong with us," he finished.

1>?D85B@?<56?B81=9<D?>

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ormula One champion Lewis


F
Hamilton clinched pole position
on Saturday for the Hungarian Grand
Prix, where he will start at the front
for the ninth time in 10 races this season and 47th overall in his career.
Hamilton, starting from pole for
the fifth time here, looks well set to
clinch his fifth career victory at the
Hungaroring on Sunday.
The British driver topped all three
practice sessions and all three sections
of qualifying to clock a best time of 1
minute, 22.020 seconds, putting him
.575 ahead of Mercedes teammate Nico
Rosberg and .719 clear of Ferrari's
Sebastian Vettel.
"It's been a good weekend so far.
I love the track, it feels like an old gokart circuit we used to race on years
ago," Hamilton said. "It's been one of
the best weekends I've had. Can't

<TaRTSTb )!!!
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remember having a better weekend so


far than this."
In an encouraging performance
for Red Bull, Australian driver Daniel
Ricciardo, the winner here last year,
sneaked into fourth place ahead of
Ferrari's Kimi Raikkonen.
It was disappointing for Williams,
with Valtteri Bottas sixth behind
Finnish countryman Raikkonen and

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Felipe Massa eighth behind Red Bull's


Daniil Kvyat.
Drivers wore tributes on their helmets and cars to Jules Bianchi, the

French driver who died last week at


the age of 25 from injuries sustained
in a head-on crash at the Japanese
Grand Prix last October.
A group of fans at the
Hungaroring held up a banner in
honor of Bianchi with "Tous Avec
Jules" (All with Jules) written in
French. A minute's silence will be held
before Sunday's race.
Rosberg was first out on track in
qualifying, closely followed by
Hamilton, who was nearly one second
faster than Rosberg on their first laps.
Rosberg had complained about
his car's balance during Friday's second practice, and the problem with
understeering resurfaced in Q1.
"Just didn't find the pace, it's been
a bit up and down all weekend for
some unexplained reasons," Rosberg
said. "Going to have a look at it
tonight, definitely not happy with what
happened today."

5^a\TaRWP\_X^]bB_PX]8cP[h\TTcX]F2`dP[XUhX]V
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ualifying for the 2018 World Cup


in Russia will be no easy task for
Q
some of Europe's traditional powers.
Italy, the 2006 world champion,
paid the price for recent poor
results by being drawn with Spain
in the ceremony on Saturday.
Group G also features Bulgaria,
Belarus, and Luxembourg.
The heavyweight group is
undoubtedly A. Netherlands,
France, and Sweden will compete
for the one automatic place at the
finals alongside Bulgaria, Belarus,
and Luxembourg.
Eight of the best second-place
teams from the continent's nine
groups will get a second shot at

reaching Russia through the playoffs.


Many teams would relish the
start Germany has to its title
defense from September 2016. The
champion has a seemingly relatively straightforward Group C where

the Czech Republic is the strongest


rival, and other games with
Northern Ireland, Nor way,
Azerbaijan, and San Marino.
Cristiano Ronaldo's Portugal
shouldn't be too concerned about
Group B, which also features
Switzerland, Hungary, the Faeroe
Islands, Latvia, and Andorra.
Football's oldest international
rivalry will play out for the first
time in a World Cup qualifying
group, with England and Scotland
together in Group F. Adding to the
intrigue could be the lingering
effects of Scotland's independence
referendum, when the majority
voted to stay part of Britain. They
also play Slovakia, Slovenia,
Lithuania, and Malta.

Group A: Belarus, Bulgaria, France,


Luxembourg, Netherlands, Sweden
Group B: Andorra, Faeroe Islands,
Hungary, Latvia, Portugal, Switzerland
Group C: Azerbaijan, Czech
Republic, Germany, Northern
Ireland, Norway, San Marino
Group D: Austria, Georgia, Ireland,
Moldova, Serbia, Wales
Group E: Romania, Denmark,
Poland, Montenegro, Armenia,
Kazakhstan.
Group F: England, Lithuania, Malta,
Poland, Scotland, Slovakia, Slovenia
Group G: Albania, Israel, Italy,
Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Spain
Group H: Belgium, BosniaHerzegovina, Greece, Estonia, Cyprus.
Group I: Croatia, Iceland, Ukraine,
Turkey, Finland.

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lympic champion and


world record holder
Usain Bolt blasted out a
world championship warning
with victory in the 100m at the
London Diamond League
meeting.
The Jamaican sprint king
won in 9.87sec, the same time
he set in winning his heat earlier in the evening, on a cool,
damp night at the London
Olympic Stadium.
Friday's was his first
appearance in six weeks with
his only previous 100m race
this year seeing him struggle to
a modest 10.12sec in Brazil.
Justin Gatlin of the United
States still leads the way with
9.74sec in the 100m this season, setting up an intriguing
world championship showdown with Bolt in Beijing
next month.
"Overall, it was a good
run. I wanted to run faster but
my start was very poor and that
threw me off. It was all downhill from there," said Bolt
whose season has been plagued
by a pelvic injury.
Michael Rodgers was second in the final in 9.90sec with
Kemar Bailey-Cole of Jamaica
taking second in 9.92sec.
"I need to work hard ahead
of Beijing. I have to keep pushing myself," added 28-yearold Bolt who was running on
the track where he won the
100m, 200m and 4x100m relay
gold at the 2012 Olympics.
"I feel pretty good. If I
work on my start I will be fine.
I need to be more consistent."
Bolt announced his return
to form in the heats an hour
and 20 minutes before the
final on Friday.
After Britain's world
indoor 60m champion Richard
Kilty had been disqualified
for a false start, Bolt made a
hesitant start when the race got
underway at the second time
of asking.
But he overhauled Rodgers
as he eased across the line in
9.87sec, the American finishing
runner-up in 9.92sec.
It was the Jamaican's fastest
time since September 6, 2013,
when he clocked 9.80sec at the
Brussels Diamond League
meeting. It was also a major
improvement on his one previous 100m race of the year, a
10.12sec clocking in Rio de
Janeiro in April, moving him
from equal 62nd to joint sixth
on the world ranking list for
2015.

Bolt insists he is still king


of the sprinters after returning
from injury with back-to-back
100m times of 9.87secs.
Asked if his winning performances in the heats and
final on a rain-soaked Olympic
Stadium track proved that
he was still the world's number
one, the 28-year-old Jamaican
replied defiantly: "I was never
number two."
"I am still number one,"
said Olympic champion and
world record holder Bolt. "I will
continue being number one.
Until I retire, that's the plan."
On 100m times recorded
in 2015, Bolt is now ranked
number six. Justin Gatlin, the
American who has served two
doping bans, tops the list with
9.74sec and has also run
9.75sec twice and 9.78sec.
Bolt, however, clearly has
room for improvement before
he defends his 100m and 200m
titles at the world championships in Beijing, which begin
on August 22, on the Bird's
Nest track where he won his
first trio of Olympic gold
medals (100m, 200m and
4x100m relay) in 2008.
The Jamaican has won every
global 100m and 200m title
contested over the past seven
years, with the exception of the
100m at the 2011 world championships in South Korea when
he was disqualified.
It is a period of sprint domination unmatched in the history of track and field, and despite
missing six weeks of competitive action following the New
York Diamond League meeting
because of a pelvic problem,
Bolt cannot be discounted from
striking gold again.
The fact that he did not get
off to the best of starts in his
heat and got off to a sluggish
one in the final shows that he
has room for improvement in
the four weeks ahead as does
the fact that he was running on
a rain-soaked track and into a
head wind on both occasions
(~0.8 metres per second in the
final and ~1.2 metres per second in the heat).
Asked how fast he thought
he could go in Beijing, Bolt
replied: "Anything is possible.
I thought I would run fast in
the final tonight but I got a
bad start. "When I got a bad
start, then I kind of lost focus
for a minute and lost my
form but at the last I got it
back. It taught me a lot, these
two races.

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4gRTa_cb)

S Earlier this year, you said you want

to take part in Yak Attack. Now that you


are how does it feel?
I am very happy that I will be taking part in the Yak Attack in November.
Yak Attack is the toughest race in the
world and I am fully ready for it. The race
starts at 1300 ft and goes up till 17,872
ft so you can imagine the thrill of cycling
on the tracks. Actually, this is the race
which made me more serious about

Mountain cycling. But right now my


focus is on Manali-Khardungla race.

S You started your career in 2008.


How do you look back on the last
seven years?
I really can't believe that it's been
seven years (smiles). But yes, it's been a
fantastic journey and I have loved every
moment of it. I started my career in 2008
after one of the Sherpas (people known
for their mountaineering skills) insisted me to participate in of the race. That's
how I was exposed to the sport. At first,
I had trouble balancing my life. I
dropped couple of years from school to
focus on my cycling. The good thing was
that I had support from my family members and friends which has kept me
going. I love cycling because it's an excellent form of exercise and it brings
peace of mind. Since then I have participated in 2012 Trans Nepal, 2013 MTB
Himalaya, 2013 & 2014 Yak Attack, 2014
Yak Ru, 2014 Asian Game MTB XC,
National Game MTB XC of Nepal and

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all the local races since 2008.


S Tell us about your training schedule...

I train on the outskirts of


Kathmandu, a place called Nagarkot
where I do my endurance training for
hours by climbing on the steep tracks. At
times I also train on the mountain trails
of Pokhara. Internet has really helped me
in learning new techniques though I am
really intrigued by Strava (a community of athletes from all over the world).

S Word of wisdom for young girl's


who want to take up this sport as
their career?
There are lots of young girls here in
Nepal who idolises me and have made
me as their role-model. I want to keep
inspiring them. I am also planning to
open a club for people who enjoy and
have the same passion for cycling as me.
If one wants to take this sport serious,
then the first thing you need to do is stay
away from junk food (literally!) and train
hard. Very hard.
S You have trouble finding sponsors.
Comments on that?
Well yes, it's been one hell of a
problem for me not finding sponsors
who can cover my travel expenses and
race entries. I think this is the biggest
challenge for me. I don't know why
there is lack of sponsors for this sport.
I just fail to understand. I mostly rely
on donations from other women
mountain bike racers whom I have met
at various races.

QPRZ_PRZ !

=4F34;78kBD=30H k9D;H !%! $

rom playing a hopeless romantic


in Phool Aur Kaante to essaying
the role of a split personality in
Deewangee; from the ultimate husband
material in Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam
to being the angry young man in
Singham, Ajay Devgn is our desi version of 50 Shades of Talent. For his latest film Drishyam, the 46-year-old hard
working actor had a tough time
unlearning things which had become
his style statement.
Getting into the shoes of Vijay
Salgaonkar was a tough task. He is a
simple family man living with his wife
Nandini and two children in a village
in Goa and runs a cable TV network.
I had to undergo a lot of physical transformations first, the director wanted me to shoot with full sleeves shirts
all through so that my muscles stayed
hidden. I also had to change the way I
walked to make it appear more realistic. According to Nishikant (the director) my style is very intimidating, so I
had to cut down on that as well. I had
to unlearn a lot of things, Ajay Devgn
says. Drishyam, a thriller drama,
revolves around the missing son of IG
Meera Deshmukh (played by Tabu)
and the only suspect is the Salgaonkar
family.
I don know if Im as intelligent as
Vijay is. Being a fourth grade dropout
and an orphan, the character has
carved a niche for himself to fulfill the
dreams of his family who mean the
world to him. He fights for them and
is mentally very strong. But here the
title Drishyam signifies the drishya
meaning visuals which he is showing
are actually deceptive and how he is
convincing everybody including the
audience, Devgn.
The spontaneous actor believes in
going with the flow and staying true to
the character. I didnt do any preparations for this movie, apart from
unlearning the things. I just followed
my instinct. When I was shooting, I
had no idea as to what I was going to
do in the next sequence. Everything just
happens on the spot. This is the first

Talktime

9,&.<.$86+$/
His debut with Masaan has already created a stir and is touted to
be the best Bollywood debut this year. Vicky Kaushal is on cloud nine
with its success and has already bagged his next movie Zubaan
where he'll be seen playing a Punjabi boy. Kaushal talks to
SANGEETA YADAV about his experience so far in Bollywood
and how this has impacted his life

Masaan has given


me a lot of exposure
Q How was it like to play a simple-yet-aspiring Banarasi boy

who assists his father in burning dead bodies at the ghats?


Masaan was a great learning experience. Being born and
brought up in Mumbai where everything is so advanced, playing a Banaras boy made me learn the simple ways of leading a life and how small town people have very honest aspirations. When Deepak falls in love, its very innocent and true.
Life is slow, smooth and sweet for small town people and I
love that simplicity.
Q What prompted you to be an actor?
I was an introvert when I was a child but the moment I
used to go up on stage, I was a different Vicky. There was a
hidden performer in me. My dad Shyam Kaushal, who is a
popular action director in the industry, used to meet producers
at home over brunch and I used to listen to their conversations very intently. It was then that the acting ka keeda bit
me.
Q From engineering to entertainment, how has the switch
treated you?
When I was pursuing engineering, I went on the fields
to understand how engineers work. When I came back home
I asked myself, Is that what I want to do in my life? A nine
to five job sitting on the desk of a corporate firm? In my placement interview, the panelist asked me why I wanted to be an
engineer and I rattled off a dialogue from the English crime
series Prison Break. Then it hit me that I was not cut out to
be an engineer. I started working as an assistant director in
Gangs Of Wasseypur. This helped me to understand the basics
of acting and filmmaking.
Q How many rounds of the cemetery did you take for your
research?
I stayed in Banaras for a couple of months to learn the
dialect and body language of the people. The first day I went
to the funeral pyres on the ghat, I couldnt stay there for more
than 20 minutes. It was a very depressing and disturbing sight.
But then I got used to it.
Q Any particular scene which left an impression on you?
The scene where Im sitting next to the ghats with other
friends and I burst out crying remembering Shallu (Shweta
Tripathi). Neeraj wanted the scene to look real and not
mechanical. There were five lines in the script which is not
there in the film. I recited a poetry Tu kisi rail si guzarti
hai..main kisi pul sa.. thartharata hoon (You pass by like a
train...I shudder, pulse like a bridge) and recalled the moments
which Deepak shared with her and I burst out crying. This
scene was very intense and I feel it made me grow as an actor.
Q When you faced the camera for the first time, what was
your reaction?
I faced the camera when I was shooting for GoW. I was
asked to take the clap for a scene where Manoj Bajpai was
shooting. I had to say Scene 72A, Shot one take one. I thought
the director would have to take retakes because of my fumble. I went to a corner room and practised this line 20 times
before giving the final shot. When I did it successfully, it felt
as if I had won the Oscars.
Q What are your upcoming projects?
Ill be playing a Punjab-da-puttar in my next movie
Zubaan.

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time that in this movie, Ive beaten people with my brains and intentionally got
beaten up because of many reasons, he
tells you.
The film is a remake of the
Malayalam superhit by the same name
starring Mohan Lal. Devgn tells you
that when a similar movie is adapted
in different version, the comparison is
bound to happen on the performance
of the actors. But he feels most of the
comparison is pure hype.
Honestly speaking, I dont think
viewers respond like this and analyse
the two versions. They just look at the
entertainment factor and our main target is the audience. The original version of the story is beautifully played
out and thats why we have stuck to the
original story with subtle changes. We
never intended to prove ourselves as a

How was it working with


better version of Drishyam. The director ensured that if we could make even Nishikant, the director? His style of
80 per cent of what the original is, our filmmaking is very real and exact. He
job would be done, Devgn tells you. knows what he wants and believes in
The movie also marks the coming performances that is required and
together of childhood friends Tabu and delivered. He is very confident and
clear, secure, Devgn says.
Devgn after Takshak, Haqeeqat and
The actor is also excitVijaypath. The best part was
ed about his wife Kajols
Tabu and I started from
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remake this year
where we had left
opposite Shah
because when you are
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childhood friends you
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confident about whatsays.

ever she does. She is busy shooting for


the movie in Bulgaria, he says.
Like Singham, which is also a
remake of a Malayalam film, Devgn
feels that there is some amazing work
that is going on in creation of quality
entertainment movies. There have
been movies like Singham and many
others which were remade in
Bollywood with a lot of changes and
infusion of Bollywood masala. Not just
the South Cinema but Malayalam
Cinema particularly is one of the
emerging cinema across the country.
They think of different and new ideas
for their movies and do a fabulous job
in a limited budget. The cinema is very
different and thats where you can create great scripts. They are targeting 100
per cent literacy. Movies like Bahubali
is a living example, Devgn says.

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Q Your character Scott Lang and Hope had a


training sequence where she looked like she
was whipping him up. Tell us about that.
In the movie, Scott Lang was going to have
to go through a training sequence to learn how
to become Ant- Man. One of the things that he
had to do was learn how to fight, so he gets his
backside kicked by Hope over and over again.
Shes the toughest one in the movie.
Q Was it fun to do the fight scenes with
Evangeline Lilly?
Evangeline is a natural athlete. Those
scenes were fun because its fun to fight. I dont
get to do it too much in movies, so to go through
all the training and all the choreography and
work on things like that is great.
Q Did your stunt double do the parkour?
Yes, Colin Follenweider, who is a freak of
nature. He was in Cirque du Soleil. I did some
of the mo-cap sequences early on, and after
about 30 minutes of rolling around and
doing flips, I needed to take a break. Its
super tiring. But Colin, whos doing
things like falling three stories and landing on a metal bar and then flipping over
again,would just do it all day and never
complain.
Q You did do wire work. Was
it uncomfortable?
No. The only thing thats
uncomfortable about the
wire work is the harness. It
digs into places that you
dont want getting dug
into, but its not too
bad.
Q What does this
movie mean to
you in the scope
of things?
I
put
emphasis on
things that are
legitimately
important in the
world and movies
are not as high up on my
list as other things. At the end of
the day theyre movies and were
making comic-book movies. But

as I live my life, the thing that I value the most


now is just laughing at something because the
rest of it can just be so depressing. I dont try
to minimise entertainment or escapism or positive messages.
Q Tell us about the suit.
I went through many fittings for this
suit.Its deceptive in its complexity. Not just the
number of parts but how certain things work,
like how the pieces of the shoulder move when
I lift up my arm, but they dont pop up. Its exceptional craftsmanship. When I put it on the first
time, I stood differently. I couldnt get over the
fact that I was in the Ant-Man suit.
Q Youre also one of the screenwriters. Did that
make it more personal?
When you work on the script of the movie,
it gives you much more of an insight into all of
the characters because youre thinking about
their motivations etc.
QSo writing also serves as research into
the character.
Yes, I feel like I know the story more.
I can immediately go to any scene and I
have a pretty deep understanding of it. But
also with the way that Marvel tends to work,
which is lets try all sorts of different things, its good to have that
kind of foundation and thats
the way that I started just
viewing it.
QWere you surprised by the
organic way Marvel does
things?
I dont know if surprised is really the word.
I have worked like this
before, where if a person
has an idea well just try
it and play around with
it. It was certainly coming from the powers
that be, from the producer, Kevin Feige, or
the rest of the Marvel
team who are seeing a
bigger picture than I have
in my head.So I'm way down with
just going with it and seeing what
happens.

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rt and wine could make a heady
A
cocktail; or so the owners of
Sandys Cocktail and Kitchen want
us to believe. Aptly titled the Night
of Renaissance, this new theme is
driving in the young and old to this
hub in sector 29, Gurgaon. It is here
that artists from different genres like
literature, painting, sculpture, music,
theatre and the works come together every Tuesday to showcase their
talents, mingle with like-minded
people and enjoy world-class food &
drinks.
Instead of offering our guests
with the cliched sit down meal concept, we wanted to indulge in them

a little more. So, every evening we


have some or the other theme which
brings in successful people from all
walks of life to come over and share
their stories or simply hang around
with the diners, the manager of this
upmarket pub and fine dining place,
tells you. The evenings would be a
platform for them to network, learn,
explore opportunities, display/ sell
their art (without any commission)
and compile free portfolios. The art
lovers would join them to witness
and appreciate their creativity.
As was expected the first chapter of this unique theme opened to
a full house with artists pouring in

from all parts of the country. Apart


from the expansive eating area and
a well functional bar, Sandys has an
activity room which will display
works of the geniuses.
For the art week, there was a
complete gallery where connoisseurs of art could saunter in and
marvel at the creation of the artists.
We have just redefined eating out.
Now, it is no longer just about eat,
drink and leave. Our idea is that the
guest spends considerable time to
hang out with like-minded people
and share a few thoughts. The reception to this concept has been mindblowing, the manager concludes.

ou have a story that needs to


be told? Just log in and start
painting your thoughts into a
different canvas. With
Freecultr.com, it is possible for
you to design a tee shirt with
something that is playing in your
mind. We wanted to create a
platform where one can express
his story, upload his thoughts
and design and make it available
for sale. Its considered cool to
make your own tee and wear
them too, Sandeep Singh, the
CEO of this crowdsourcing
platform tells you.
From a witty slogan, a
movie dialogue or even a funny
family picture, you can have just
about anything on your tee!
Armed with about 20,000
designers and more than

55,000 live designs of t-shirts


for both men and women,
freecultr express seems to have
made a mark for itself. The
aim is to democratise fashion
and not restricted it to a few.
Our online podium provides
an opportunity to people who
have an idea and a design but
had no idea how to go about
it,Singh says.
If designing your thoughts
was not enough, freecultr

express ensures that movie


buffs carry their favourite dialogues on them. Everyone is
inspired from Bollywood so we
associated with Yash Raj Films
to bring their iconic dialogues
on the tees. We want our customers to relive their cherished
dialogues by sporting them.
Literally, Singh tells you,
adding that this movie funde
theme has increased traction to
their site manifold.

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rime Minister Narendra Modi has
just wrapped up his Central Asia
visit covering Kazakhstan,
Uzbekistan, Tajikistan,
Turkmenistan and Kyrgyzstan. The
visit was low-profile, lacked the glittering
rockstar image, and the diaspora patriotic
fervour the reason why it received very
little traction. Barring the state-owned channels, mainstream media remained muted.
It may have been symbolic but Prime
Ministers five-nation tour was no less significant for re-energising Indian diplomacy in a
strategically important region.
The visit did not have much economic
consequences, but it took place against the
backdrop of major global and regional challenges of Russias renewed assertion in
Central Asia following its standoff with the
West over the crisis in Ukraine; Chinas
fresh push for building connectivity infrastructure to link China with Europe via
Central Asia under its Silk Road Economic
Belt; prospects of Iran coming to the
regional fore following its recent breakthrough with major powers; and the emerging situation in Afghanistan in the context
of growing Afghanistan-Pakistan proximity
to rehabilitate the Taliban.
India could not have ignored these
developments. As it is there was certainly a
sense of gap for India, and the PMs meeting
with Central Asian leaders probably may
have imparted a new momentum to Indias
ties with these countries. Modis visit has also
to do with the importance of widening the
strategic perimeter and imagination among
our own people towards the region beyond
Pakistan and China.
His activism is being welcomed by the
Central Asians, though they know India has
already missed the bus and it has a lot of
catching up to do.
Central Asians had high expectations
from India from the beginning. They could
not be materialised due to New Delhis
insufficient efforts when compared to
focused commitment of China and others.
China is already well-entrenched; its trade
with the region is over $50 billion compared to Indias paltry $1.4 billion. China
has won major contracts and pumping
energy from the region. Many Indian analysts saw this as an important opportunity
to counterbalance against China, but this
could be a flawed assessment.
The visit was bound to have a strong
cultural connotation because invoking the
past always serves as a lubricant in diplomacy. However, Indias historical links with
Central Asia havent yet been translated into

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any meaningful advantage.


Importantly, the Prime Minster touched
upon the shared Islamic heritage and Sufi
tradition. Kazakhstan has Yassavi Sufi tradition that had strong links to Kashmir, but
one wonders whether the Wahabbi zealots
have not wiped out the Yassavi in the Valley.
Modi gifted a reproduction of Khamsa-iKhusrau to Islam Karimov. Hopefully, the
Uzbekistan President liked the gift.
Linguistic links with the Tajiks were also
invoked by Modi.
Of course, there were no big ticket items
to turn the spotlight on, but the PMs strong
presence created a huge excitement, perhaps
no less than how Raj Kapoor, Indira Gandhi
and Mithun Chakraborty had made a mark
on the imagination of the regions people.
It has been decades since any popular
Indian leader visited them and they felt good
about it. It was long desired; as a friend of
this author put it: We needed such a thing
because Indian leaders have always appealed
to everyone in Central Asia.
Clearly, the visit entailed a strong joint
socio-cultural rhetoric references to
yoga, Hindi, Sufism, IT, among others,
added substance to Indias soft power.
Combating terrorism, cementing defence,
economic and energy ties and enhancing
connectivity were recurring themes of
Modis discussion with the leaders.
C?=5 CI=2?<93 17B55=5>DC
In all, 21 bilateral agreements signed with
five countries were desirable but they have
already been in practice for the past two
decades with little or no success. The reasons
are numerous and intrinsic they are hard
to triumph over.
Take the case of building connectivity to
Central Asia by avoiding Pakistan. The
International North-South Transport
Corridor (INSTC) has been discussed since
2000. Connecting through Chabahar Port is
another option, but accessing Central Asia
via the Indian Ocean has not proved viable
and hasnt worked so far.
This time, the PM promoted the idea of
ignoring Afghanistan as well for seeking
connectivity to Central Asia directly through
Iran. He told the Tajik President: We will
improve our surface connectivity, as well as
our digital and air connectivity. We will
reach you through Iran and connect directly
in future thereafter. Many wonder whether
his visit was linked to Indias growing disenchantment with Afghanistans increasing
closeness with Pakistan.
A flurry of agreements on defence and
security related items are largely symbolic

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and they have been there for quite some


time, though without much significance.
Take the case of Ayni airbase in Tajikistan
that India acquired post-Kargil and IC-814
hijacking. India refurbished Ayni after
spending $70 million in 2007, but the base is
still not operable by India. The status of Ayni
and even the PMs visit to the airbase finds
no mention in the official statements. His
visit to the newly-built military hospital at
Farkhor was widely tweeted though.
However, Modi mentioned defence cooperation as a strong pillar of strategic partnership with Tajikistan.
Defence co-operation with Kyrgyzstan,
including holding of annual joint military
exercises, is also not new. This has been
going on for a few years with little benefits to
India. Kyrgyzstan has far more closer military ties with China. DRDOs setting up a
Mountain Bio-Medical Research Centre in
Kyrgyzstan mountains is meaningless when
the Himalayas offer far greater high-altitude
conditions for research.
Combating terrorism, especially the
threat of Islamic State (ISIS), gained prominence with the PM describing it as a threat
without borders. But the facts suggest that
despite being located in the proximity of the
main source of terrorism, Central Asia has
not become the hotbed of terrorism. There
are no records of the Taliban and Al Qaeda
having set their footings in the region.
Central Asian concerns here should be
taken with a pinch of salt as they tended to
heighten terror threats as a ploy to tighten
domestic control and gain external legitimacy. The threat from ISIS is a new tool to
garner global support. The West has raised
eyebrows over crackdowns and curbing of
rights of even children in the name of
countering ISIS threat.
Modi made renewed efforts to boost
economic and trade ties, but the scope for
big achievements is little. These were tried
again and again. Central Asia is certainly
endowed with energy and mineral resources
that can meet Indias needs for decades.
However, doing business in the region has
never been easy.
Nothing substantive featured with
Kyrgyzstan except reinforcing of each others
commitment to work together once the
Indian and Eurasian Economic Union (EEU)
Free Trade Agreement comes into effect.
Inking an MoU for co-operation between
the Indian and Kyrgyz Election
Commissions is significant, though the
Kyrgyz have been looking to Western countries for democratic experience.
A significant achievement in Uzbekistan

is the discussion on ways to implement the


contract for supply of 2,000 metric tonnes of
uranium, signed in 2014. It seems
Uzbekistan has put the least number of preconditions for supplying atomic fuel to
India. However, it needs to be seen how it
gets implemented finally.
5>5B7ICD1;5C9>B579?>
PM Modis visit to Central Asia and Russia
has critically changed the way for India finally securing the much-awaited energy stakes
in the region. Three pathbreaking developments deserve attention. Firstly, Nursultan
Nazarbayevs daring decision to sign a major
contract for a renewed long-term supply of
5,000 metric tonnes (MT) uranium to India
for the next five years is the most significant
takeaway of the PMs visit. This is, in fact,
proving more promising than the achievements on hydrocarbons.
Secondly, Indias ONGC-Videsh Ltd
(OVL) finally made its first breakthrough
when Modi launched the drilling operations
for oil exploration in Satpayev block on July 7.
Thirdly, the Ufa Summit and PMs following visit to Turkmenistan may also have
possibly shown the way for the TAPI
pipeline to see the light of day. In Ashgabat,
the Prime Minister called the TAPI project a
key pillar and pushed for is realisation
quickly. He said: TAPI could transform
regional economic cooperation and bring
prosperity along the route... I convey our
interest in long-term investment in the energy sector in Turkmenistan.
India obviously cannot ignore
Kazakhstans oil reserves of 30 billion barrels,
gas reserves of 85 trillion cubic feet (Tcf). To
add to this are Uzbekistans 65 Tcf and
Turkmenistans 265 Tcf gas reserves.
These offer alluring possibilities.
However, the OVLs pursuits have been anything but simple as the Kazakh authorities
repeatedly cold-shouldered its bidding
process. To be sure, India also pursued its
interests based on certain wrong assumptions, thinking it would get preference on
cultural goodwill as well as on strategic tag
vis--vis China. In fact, Nazarbayev dragged
his feet many times despite commitments
made to India. Surely, he may have used
India in his delicate balancing game of
engaging various suitors into his energy
competition. New Delhis mistake has been
that it never tried to take Russia on board for
getting energy deals.

//a#

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do something illegal, which he


refused and so he did not get the
post that was due. So, he quoted
Bhartrihari, trying to explain that
the world is like this only.
The research for this book must
have been very difficult.
I had to completely imagine how the
person was through the motion of
his poetry. There are 300 short
poems available and through them
you get information about people of
that time, how they ate, how their
houses were, what language they
spoke and so on. That, you have to
research.

2_R]jdZ_X

_Vh:_UZR
aving authored several
books, both academic
and literary, Sudhir
Kakars newest book
is a fiction about 5th
century Sanskrit poet Bhartrihari,
author of Vakyapadiya and
Satakatraya. Kakar has been recognised as one of the worlds 25 major
thinkers; he is a member of the New
York Academy of Sciences, the
Board of Sigmund Freud Archives
in the Librar y of Congress,
Washington, and the Academie
Universelle des Culture, France.
In 2011, he wrote his autobiography, A Book of Memory, in which
he elaborately discussed personal
experiences and aspects of his life.
The Sudhir Kakar Prize for the best
psychoanalytic paper by an author
was instituted in 2013 and is given
at the Annual Psychoanalytical
Conference held in Delhi. In an
interaction, the psychoanalyst recalls
what shaped his life and how different cultures can be psychoanalysed.

torate, in Economics though, but


started holding seminars with students on Eriksons works too, so that
way I learned Psychology by teaching it. And then I came back to IIMA as a professor three years later till
I made arrangements to go and get
my Psychoanalysis training. So I did
what I wanted for many years till I
thought it was enough. Then I also
became a novelist and started writing novels.

What is your earliest memory?


I think thats a very difficult question. I find it tough to answer questions about myself. I have addressed
a lot in my autobiography too, so I
think there is not much left to say
now. I have spent the first 10 years
of my life in pre-Independence
India. My parents were from Lahore
and moved to India after Partition.
I grew up in the north of India; my
father was a civil servant and
would get transferred all the time.
You have formally pursued
Mechanical Engineering and did
your post-graduation in Business
Economics. How did the shift
towards psychology materialise?
Yes, at that time I had to make a
choice of career from three options:
Civil services, engineering and medicine. The fourth option was the
Army, but back in the day it was perceived as an option for people who
were supposedly not too good in
studies. I did not choose medicine
because I would faint at the sight of
blood. I opted for engineering
instead. After completing 12th, I did
my engineering in Ahmedabad and

Isnt Bhartriharis dilemma to


choose between romance and profession something we could relate
to in modern times?
Yes, in fact that is universal and not
just Indian. I dont remember who
had said it but there are only two
most important things any thinking
person is or should be concerned
about: Love and death, eros and
thanatos.

then went to Germany to work at a


shipyard as a practical trainee. In
Germany, I felt I could break free
from conventions and study or
pursue whatever I liked. I realised
I could rebel. I wanted to study
Philosophy. I remember an
exchange of long letters with my
father who said nobody earned
money in Philosophy. We reached
a compromise when I decided to
pursue Economics.
Then I came back to India as a
Research Fellow in IIM
Ahmedabad, which had just started. But then I got bored with
Economics too. I had studied
Psychology in college as a minor
subject and wanted to pursue something artistic. I then discovered the
world of Literature and Psychology.
I also met Erik Erikson from
Harvard who wrote Gandhis Truths.
He was my neighbour and we used
to talk. I shared with him about how
disinterested I was and that I didnt
know what to do.
So he asked me what I wanted
to do. I said I wanted to be a movie
director, to go to film school. I also
said that I had not specialised in
Psychology. He said that neither had
he. He was a travelling artist and
went to Freuds house to teach his
grandchildren art; he sympathised
with me and suggested I pursue
Psychology. So, I went to do my doc-

Could we locate Freud in contemporary times? Is it true that


Psychology students no longer
read him?
We can certainly locate Freud in
contemporary times. The Freudian
way of looking at things has not
been debunked. He propounded
two theories that he suggested drove
our behaviour and actions. He said
that our unconscious rules us and
that early childhood experiences,
say, from five to six years of age, are
influential forever. That is what
todays neuroscientists say too, that
95 per cent of our mental life is
unconscious, which we are not
aware about. So Freud is very influential, of course. He may not be
widely acknowledged in Psychology
departments as many departments
follow different psychology theories,
but Freud has influenced cultural
studies, movie criticism and literature as well.
Has there been any significant shift
in Indian culture? Because it is so
complex, does it also make us vulnerable as a society?
I think there is not a war exactly but
we see at least some kind of cultural struggle taking place. It has accelerated in recent times because of
many factors, from multiple communication channels to globalisation. But this also goes much further
and I think we have to live with it.
There have also been diverse,
extreme positions taken about traditions. I think one should not subscribe to complete traditionalism
which closes everything new and
nor should one take an extreme
modern liberal position and shun
everything traditional.

So from the perspective of cultural anthropology, could we conclude that people are the same
everywhere, that the basic instincts
are the same?
On a very basic level yes, I agree we
are the same; we are hungry, we all
sleep, we go to club, so that is similar among us all.
Other than writing, do you cultivate any hobby?
Yes, I cook, play table tennis, and
swim. I love music of all kinds,
Indian classical, Western classical
and jazz, for example. My wife is a
writer, much more of an artist
rather. We live in Goa.

Do you reinterpret Hindu culture


through psychoanalysis supported
by Freuds and Eriksons theories?
I look at Hindu mythologies from
one cycle of psychoanalysis, that is,
what it means, what its themes are,
what the unconscious themes are. I
think all mythologies have psychoanalytic themes. I also wonder what
Hindu mythologies say about psychoanalytical
assumptions.
Although we talk a lot about Hindu
father gods, the figure of the mother goddess hasnt been psychoanalysed. For instance, not just in
Greek mythologies, but in Indian
mythologies too there is an important imagery of the mother goddess.
Do we also have examples of
Christian or Islamic mythologies being psychoanalysed?
Because there is a strong opinion
that only Hindu mythology gets
dissected and we dont hear more
about Islamic or Christian scriptures being analysed deeply

because it gets sensitive at times.


Christians, more so abroad, do talk
and write about Jesus and there is
no bar at all about what they say
about Christian figures. In literature, films, rock music, they have
been vocal about their opinions on
religion. But with Islam, there
could be a problem because their
sensibilities are very high. What is
being said about them, how they
are being projected etc does concern Islamic cultures and the repercussions could be high.
But werent there objections to
Harry Potter from Christians in
the US or to The Da Vinci Code,
which Christians vehemently
objected to?
Harry Potter didnt get banned but
problems were raised, yes. The US
is different from other Christian
European countries, you see. But
fundamentalist Christians cannot
ban something according to their
whims and fancies, so they protest-

ed in many places. Also, fundamentalist Christians are as bad as any


fundamentalist from any religious
group. They are all extremists.
Coming to your new book, you say
that your version of Bhartrihari, a
5th century poet, is more imagined
than real? Is this because not much
information is available on him?
Yes, he is a real figure but nobody
really knows enough about him.
Why so?
Actually, there are many figure
from that time we dont know
about. Not much is known about
Kalidas too, for example. We dont
know who he was, where he came
from and so on.
Where did your fascination with
Bhartrihari start?
Actually when my father got retired
from the civil services, he was disappointed because the Chief
Minister at that time wanted him to

We have uni-dimensional observations or stereotypes about Goa.


The Goan culture has its own
charms and culture with a mix of
the Portuguese past and the Indian
present. From a psychoanalytical
view, how do you look at Goa?
Goa is my vanvas. I went to Goa
because I didnt want to live in a city
anymore, so instead of going to a forest, we went to Goa. We went not to
the main city but to the small villages
there. In the villages, there are 95 per
cent Catholic people and that makes
Goa different from other Indian
places. Also Goa has friendly people; they dont trouble me and I dont
trouble them, and that is all I wanted.
If anybody from out of India
comes to Goa first, they dont get
shocked. Because there is a nice
transition from the West to East in
Goa, without a culture shock. I think
a Western foreigner, if he wants to
travel across India, should come to
Goa first.
Lastly, would you tell us something
about your upcoming projects?
I wish I could but I dont know what
I will write next. I want to write a
novel but Im waiting for the
response for this book so I can
become more confident.

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5 A > <  ?0 6 4 
he drilling operation in Satpayev is
good success but one has to wait to
see whether the OVL is still left
with any stamina for pursuing further oil
exploration in Kazakh fields.
Interestingly, the OVL has probably
refused to accept Kazakhstans recent
offer of 25 per cent stake in Abai field
abandoned by Norways Statoil. But
Modi was hopeful of more opportunities.
He told the media: I am pleased that
President Nazarbayev responded positively to my request to consider additional mature blocks for Indian investments.

BECC91> <9>; 3BE391<


Make no mistake, Russia is and will
remain an important factor for
Indias ability to do business in
Central Asia. Central Asian states,
including Kazakhstan, are still integrated with Russia. They do not have
complete maneuvering space to conduct foreign relations without having
concord with Russia.
At present, Russia favours India as a
countervailing measure against Chinas
monopoly on Kazakhstans uranium
exports. As long as Indias fuel imports
remain modest and ties do not get
deeper, a major hurdle is unlikely. But
given the growing Russia-China convergence, Indias nuclear ties will be
conditioned by future change in geopolitical climate just as geopolitics decisively undermines importing hydrocarbons from Central Asia.
Indias discounting of Russia prematurely was a mistake. In fact, such a
policy line has not only delayed Indias
success but also made diplomacy in
Central Asia a more arduous exercise.
Indias energy requirements in Central
Asia suggest a continuing positive relationship with Russia.
Central Asians undeniably consider
India to be a reliable, trustworthy and a
predictable partner, but at the same
time they do not consider India to be a
good performer. Many have argued that
New Delhis indecisiveness always
prompted Nazarbayev against energy
deals with India.
Even though the Kazakhs realise

C7424=CA0;2>==42C

the importance of engaging India for


countervailing the Chinese, they also
know well that it is only China which
can fit their bill ultimately. Hopefully,
the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
(SCO) can provide India the opportunity to work together with Russia and
Central Asian republics. It could help
resolve at least some problems.
8EB4<5C1@<5>DI6?B9>491
Despite strong intentions, India faces
the financial limitation for competing
with others in Central Asia. Indias
investment is dismal and current
engagement policy does not have vitality for spurring a desired rhythm of economic interdependency with these
countries. Geography alone is not the
only factor; private Indian companies
with deep pockets have also not shown
the necessary interest. They too tended
to take shelter under the Governmentpatronised schemes abroad.

Some Indian companies experienced instances of business irregularities in the past. They are scared and
apprehensive about uncertain legal and
taxation system practiced in the former
Soviet republics. Besides, language is a
major barrier. Visa regimes for Indian
visitors are extremely tight in these
countries. All these continue to dampen
enthusiasm and keep the potential
investors away from venturing into
Central Asia.
Lack of understanding is a major
handicap. India does not have the
scholarship with in-depth knowledge of
the regions historical, political, linguistic, and above all, the intricate sociotribal structures underpinnings ie the
function and relationship among
Kazakh Zhuz (hordes) that ultimately
regulate the decision-making process.
As a result, official and diplomatic
channels often used do not necessarily
entail the desired results. That is why

engagements so far have largely


remained Government-to-Government
contacts. Over a period of time, this
style of approach has led to distortion
in overall relations reason why the
depth of India-Central Asia ties have
always remained in question.
For India, the problem has never
been about sourcing energy resources
but about routing them. And this has
less to do with distance, but with India
becoming a victim of denial strategy.
The situation is unlikely to change
in the foreseeable future. From Indias
perspective, traversing gas pipeline
through Pakistan will remain a risky
proposition, especially when the revenue Pakistan will earn on transit fee
from India could be redirected to sustain terrorism against India. This apart,
by letting the pipeline come through
Pakistan, India will consciously close its
options for military strikes and thus
allow its adversary into blackmailing it

in perpetuity. It is equally unlikely that


India will forsake Kashmir for the sake
of gas supplies.
This is not to suggest that India will
have no other options. It should find
other innovative ways, such as joining
international energy consortiums for
exploration, opting for LNG purchases
from the region etc. Central Asia could
become another Middle East for the
Indian engineers, management experts,
skilled and semi-skilled workers to find
employment in Kazakh oil industry.
They could earn huge amounts of foreign exchange from the regions energy
service sector.
Apart from Mittal, Indian companies such as Punj Lloyd, KEC
International Limited, TCS etc have
gained a major presence in pipeline
construction, electric transmission, and
in the ancillary and drilling sectors of
the oil and gas industry, which is rapidly grow in the Caspian region. Tengiz,
Karachaganak, and Kashagan fields will
open up major opportunities for Indian
engineering and construction services.
<1B75B7<?21<@?G5B71=5
PM Modi has seized the opportunity
for asserting Indias influence in Central
Asia. Some successes have been
achieved this time. Surely, Central
Asian reserves are not the last solution
but they will certainly contribute to satisfying Indias growing energy demands.
The continuous denial of access to
affordable gas also means that India
will continue relying on burning
domestic coal that will pose a threat to
the global environment.
Importantly, the Modi Government
seems to have realised that Indias internal issues, including Kashmir, energy
security, connectivity and above all
problems with Pakistan, are linked to a
bigger balance of power game. They are
interlinked and hence cannot be treated
in isolation.
The attempts made by the previous
Governments to resolve the Kashmir
issue, Indo-Pak conflict and enlarging
interests in Central Asia failed to get off
the ground. It is here that the Modi-led

Government is trying to broaden the


scope of geopolitical engagement.
Modis meeting Vladimir Putin and
Nawaz Sharif in Ufa and followed by a
visit to Ashgabat cannot be without a
well thought-out strategy.
Projects like the TAPI and IPI are
vexed into the larger global power
game. The US has so far opposed the
IPI and instead backed TAPI pipeline,
which was opposed by Russia.
However, the geopolitical and corporate
games around pipeline projects have
diametrically altered following the
Ukraine crisis and ensuing Russia-West
stand-off.
As Indias energy demands increase
in the future, vying for access to supply
lines would bring India in the centre of
important geopolitical and energy relationships. It will become more complex
after the recent breakthrough between
Iran and the Western powers.
It only underlines the point that the
global and regional power balance is
more sharply impacting Indias policy
directions and perhaps in a more positive and realistic way.
In fact, it is not terrorism but
energy factor that may have turned
the tables on India and Pakistan for
talks in Ufa. Global politics and the
role of Russia in this are conspicuous
whether one likes it or not. Russia
may be attempting to nudge both
India and Pakistan towards cooperation, especially in terms of working on
the energy pipeline.
Even though Russia under the current scenario may be moving closer to
China as a result of Western sanctions,
it may be having an opportunistic
aspect. Moscow will never be able to
ignore India for a future contingency
when Russia and China clash against
each other in Central Asia. The relevance of Modi attending BRICS and
SCO summits in Ufa, his visit to
Central Asian states, his talks with
President Putin, President Xi Jinping,
and Prime Nawaz Sharif is part of this
growing trend.

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hmedabad, also known as
Amdavad, is the seventh
largest city in India. As a
city, it has a reputation of
having been the hotbed of
Mahatma Gandhis struggle against
British rule in the early 20th century.
Today, in the 21st century too, the city
maintains an important status as
Indias Prime Minister Narendra
Modis perfectly developed model for
the new India.
Ahmedabad: A City in the World is
Amrita Shahs biography of Gujarats
former capital both before and after the
communal violence of 2002 which
destroyed the innate camaraderie of the
city. Extensively researched, Shah takes
the reader on those roads, streets, silent
buildings and frenzied consumption
which engulfed the city in February
2002. With her journey to the land of
Bapu, Shah seep[s] down through the
layers of stone/ into subterranean pools/
to contemplate darkness again. These
lines from Bei Daos Accomplices thus
prove to be the perfect epigraph to this
travelogue.
Ahmedabad is named after the
Muslim king Ahmed Shah who founded
the city in the 15th century. Shah
indulges in historical facts and details
citing an example or two of the times
when the BJP mooted a proposal to
change the name of the city to
Karnavati, the name of the town or
military outpost which may have been
established by the Hindu Solanki king
Karnadev on the banks of the
Sabarmati, preceding the founding of
Ahmedabad in 1987. She later unveils
that the shift was intended to rid it of
its Islamic associations, specifically the
fact that the city had been founded by a
Muslim king.
Among the many people Shah
meets are a 34-year-old Muslim
embroiderer from AsarwaChamanpura, the architect of the
Riverfront project and the driver of her
rented vehicle. These people open the
doors to the interiors of Ahmedabad
and provide her with first-hand experience of horrifying events of early 2002.
They also help her understand the kind

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of life they lead after the rift tore apart


the city resulting in the birth of the
ghettos that have arisen on the outskirts
of Ahmedabad city to contain the flotsam and jetsam of Muslims thrust out
by waves of communal violence.
Meraj, the young embroiderer, is an
epitome of the brutality of communal
violence. He reiterates through the initial pages of the book, I miss living
among the Hindus... my friends... the
food... all my neighbours, Hindu,
Muslim. It is here that Shah asserts, It
was the first time, through the miasma
of horror, callousness, opportunism and
injustice that 2002 had come to represent that I had heard the thrum of love
and longing. At one point, Shah is surprised that Meraj is sitting comfortably
in the presence of the BJP lotus tacked

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on the wall after all that happened with


not only him but the entire Muslim
community. He consciously defines
Narendra Modi as a capable man and
a perfect CM for this State unaware of
the fact that Shah would need some
clarification, at least, after having witnessed his fear, anger and frustration at
the circumstances and the people who
ousted him from his home. Through
such examples, Shah successfully raises
uncomfortable questions about
Ahmedabads inconceivable acceptance
of communal violence.
When Shah questions the driver
regarding his whereabouts and what he
witnessed on the fateful day, he doesnt
answer right away. He takes a few anxious seconds to gather courage to utter
broken sentences which make him

relive a long suppressed memory. He


saw all this...beating, burning. He even
begins to identify neighbourhoods for
her by community: Muslim area,
Hindu area.
In the chapter on the Sabarmati
Riverfront Development Project, Shah
examines the 11km concrete walkways
developed by the dynamic Ahmedabad
architect Bimal Patel which led to widespread flooding in the city in 2006 as an
ecological consequence of casing a river.
In her reading of a city that is as
unbending within its traditions as it
constantly strives to construct a cosmopolitan infrastructure, Shah evokes a
powerful picture of a city which yearns
to move forward while still rooted in a
chequered history. This makes the city
both austere and exhibitionist at once.

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ima, capital city of Peru, is approximately 17,000 km from New Delhi


by air. My interest in Peru began in
1986 after watching the national football
team of the country (that was what the
All India Football Federation claimed)
playing some matches in the Nehru Cup
International Invitation Football
Championship held at Trivandrum.
Ashok Ghosh, the then football boss of
India told sports reporters in
Trivandrum that he was bringing in
Peru so that soccer lovers would get a
chance to watch the famous Latin
American style live and in person. But
the three games played by the Peruvians
were nowhere near our expectations.
More than kicking the football, the
Peruvians were kicking and hitting their
opponents!
What was interesting was that most
of the players resembled Indians and
some of them had a distinct Malayalee
look. Satish Chandran, ace football commentator of All India Radio told me
during a post match press meet that
some of the Peruvian players looked like
the folks one comes across in
Trivandrums Chala vegetable market.
We dont know for sure. Maybe Ashok
Ghosh and company had lined up some
of the head load workers from Chala
market as Latin American players, he
said half jokingly and half seriously.
Three decades later when I read
Upriver: The turbulent life and times of
An Amzonian People authored by
anthropologist Michael Brown, the 1986
Nehru Cup Championship, Ashok
Ghosh, the Peruvian football team and
Satish Chandran came back to my mind.
Upriver is about the 50,000 strong
Awajun, an indigenous tribal group in
the Amazonian frontier in Peru. Even if
one takes Satish Chandrans comments

on Peruvians in a lighter vein, the story


of Awajun (pronounced as Awahoon) is
no different from that of many myriad
tribals and indigenous people in India.
More than the results of the twophase anthropological research held by
Brown (1976-1978 and 1980-2012)
among the Awajun, what is unique is the
similarities these tribals in Peru share
with their counterparts in India.
Suppression and oppression of the
Awajun by the city folks who come to
the Amazonian region for plundering
the forest wealth and rubber cultivation
are no different from the sufferings of
the tribals in India at the hands of city
dwellers who colonise the tribal territories for monetary benefits.
Whether it be in Peru or India, the
evangelists subjugated and destroyed the
tribals and their culture under the pretext
of introducing civilisation among them.
Browns interest in Awajun was accidental
as his original plan was to study about
Lamistas, native people whose widespread
population was centred in the Upper
Amazonian town of Lamas in Peru.
His association with Lamistas led
him to take interest in Quechua, a language spoken by the descendants of the
Incas. The passion to study more about
Quechua language took him to
Huascayacu, the place colonised by the
Awajun, where he was surprised by their
culture, rituals and traditions. An
Awajun by name Tomas, who has been
trained in bilingual education by
American missionaries, and who has
been proselytising the community,
helped Brown to learn the language as
well as the Awajun life.
What strikes an Indian reader is the
respect the Awajun has for the rainforests. Though they survive by hunting
rabbits, various birds and other small

animals, they never kill deers or other big


animals which are abundant in the forest.
A curious feature of the Awajun food
preference was that two of the largest
rainforest mammals, the deer and the
tapir, were customarily considered taboo.
Deers were said to be one of the forms
taken by human souls after death, writes
Brown. Compare this with the devotion
shown by tribals in India towards the
sacred groves. For our uneducated,
uncivilised tribal friends, the groves are
abodes of village Gods who ensure them
safety and protection from diseases and
devils. The reality is that whether it be
the rainforests in Peru or the sacred
groves in South India, they are all safe
repositories of the regions biodiversity.
Brown has some real life personal
anecdotes to mention about his interaction with the Awajuns. When they were
shown old issues of National Geographic
featuring the Amazonian people living
in the Xingu region of Brazil, the
Awajuns were taken aback by the nude
pictures of their counterparts. The concept of people living virtually naked

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2002 is never absent from the


book. Narendra Modi, who is not only
a politician, but an object of consumption, a brand, a celebrity, is strewn
throughout the book resurfacing as a
shadow among the nameless many
whose lives changed irrevocably.
Amrita Shahs way of ending each
chapter with a poetic grace comes
across as a refreshing breeze amidst
the mosques, the rauzas, the tanks
and the gates.
She is a perfect flneur who unfolds
the city in front of the reader in a series
of vignettes. This is a story of a kaleidoscopic city which encompasses and
locates itself between crisis, recollection
and obliteration.

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scandalised all who examined the magazine. For days afterward, clusters of adolescent boys would slink up to my door
after dark and whisper conspiratorially,
brother, lets see the naked women. The
conversations inspired by the revealing
photographs improved my anatomical
vocabulary in Awajun, reminiscences
Brown of his 1976 to 1978 days in
Awajun territory.
The evangelical sects who were the
first to reach the Awajun territory had
taught them to be suspicious of outsiders. They were told by the missionaries that the purpose behind those coming to study Awajun culture were something else secret mineral prospecting
or the pursuit of sexual conquests based
on the natural ascendancy of White men
over native women.
Browns findings about the social
architecture of Awajun families could be
of interest to the Dravidian politicians of
Tamil Nadu. The Awajuns follow
polygamy without any fuss. The underlying architecture of Awajun families proved
to be a method of classifying kin known as
Dravidian. Named after a pattern found in
parts of South Asia, Dravidian systems are
common throughout the world, writes
Brown in what could be music to the ears
of DMK leader M Karuanidhi and his
sidekick K Veeramani who swear by
Dravidians for everything.
The Awajun schoolteachers, appointed
by the Government come from distant
communities leaving behind their wives.
They soon establish new marriages in their
new villages. Take a trip to Wynadu or
Attappadi, the tribal hamlets in Kerala and
one will see hundreds of such instances.
Iwanch, Spanish for devil, has its
parallel among tribals in Palakkadu.
Iwanch is a giant sized humanoids
entirely covered with dark hair and who
could present themselves as deer, owls or
morpho butterflies. They are known to
harass people outdoors at night, especially in the forest. Iwanch is the same as
that of Odiyans, an entity which even
now evokes nightmares in Palakkadu
villages in Kerala.
What is striking about Browns
recounting of his Awahun days are the
similar approaches followed by the
Christian missionaries to destroy the
culture and rituals of the tribals in Peru
as well as in India. It is the same everywhere in the world.
Take a trip Upriver; it has a lot even
for those not familiar with anthropology.
Studies on Indian tribals too would
bring out stories of cruelties perpetrated
by the coterie of evangelists and contractors with ulterior motives.

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everal Akali Dal delegations


touring Canada and the US as
part of a traditional pre-election
outreach programme to solicit the
support of Sikhs residing in these
two countries were heckled, abused
and at least at two places set upon,
necessitating police intervention, by
young men shouting pro-Khalistan
slogans. While it is true that this is
not the first time that mainstream
Sikh politicians have had a run-in
with separatists abroad, what is of
note is that young men have begun
replacing the ageing Khalistanis of
1980s and 1990s vintage.
Possibly enthused by the infusion of fresh blood, the US-based
Sikhs for Justice, which describes
itself as a human rights advocacy
group, has demanded a Sikh
Referendum 2020 to be held in
Punjab and among Sikhs living
abroad. This has prompted Punjab
Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal
to publicly denounce Khalistanis in
no uncertain terms. All this has triggered renewed chatter about the
return of bad times in Punjab, which
frankly is a load of hogwash.
Barring stray voices, some in
American accent, there is nothing to
indicate that we will have to relive
bleak memories of a particularly
dark period in our recent history.
India, more so Punjab, had to pay a
terrible price on account of the
Khalistani separatist movement during the 1980s and 1990s; countless
human lives were lost, innumerable
families were devastated and young
minds were scarred forever.
The genesis of those years of
0B^eTaTXV]chAP[[h^aVP]XbTSQhVdadSfPaPbPRa^bb2P[XU^a]XPST\P]SX]VPBXZWaTUTaT]Sd\X]?d]YPQX]cWThTPa!!X]BP]5aP]RXbR^^]9d]T %?W^c^R^dacTbh)BXZWbU^a9dbcXRT
blood-letting was the cynical ploy of
who wanted the US to declare India struck a deal with the Government
the Congress to promote a preacher
before the guns began to fall silent.
a terrorist state, former Senator
of India and returned to his homeof hate, Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale,
With the Khalistanis routed, there
Jesse Helms and, across the Atlantic, town, Tanda, in Hoshiarpur district.
as a countervailing force to the Akali was jubilation in Punjab and across
Lord Avebury in Britain. Aulakhs
His Khalsa Raj Party remained a letDal. Rajiv Gandhi, as a callow politi- India. I recall spending a week travwebsite was indicative of his supterhead organisation and the man
cian being groomed for the big job
elling across Punjab, marvelling at
port for separatist violence, yet the
who had once hoisted the Flag of
by Indira Gandhi, much like his son, the peace that had descended on the
US Administration chose not to
Khalistan at Anandpur Sahib died a
Rahul, is being groomed today by
troubled land. Accompanied by my
touch him. When I met him in
broken man. But there are many
Sonia Gandhi, had famously
wife and my elder daughter, who was
Washington in the fall of 1990,
wealthy Sikhs in Britain who contindescribed Bhindranwale, responsible then a child, we travelled at night on
0\TaXRP]P]S
Aulakh spent more than an hour
ue to subscribe to Chauhans sepafor the murder of innocent men,
roads that till a few months ago were
lecturing me about the atrocities
ratist ideology and ardently believe
women and children, many of them
known as death zones.
4da^_TP]
being committed by India against
that Amritsar shall be the capital of
Sikhs, as a man of religion.
Gurdwaras that had been taken
PdcW^aXcXTbWPeT
Sikhs in the occupied nation of
Khalistan. Funds continue to be colWe know the tragic conseover by extremists now wore a festive
Khalistan. I retorted that he was
lected; it is anybodys guess as to how
quences of that initial blunder by the look. Our most moving encounter
aTP[XbTScWTU^[[h^U
talking gibberish. The Indian
the money is spent.
Congress Operation Blue Star was was with a young granthi who had
]^cRaPRZX]VS^f] American who had set up the meetIf we were to look for the real
Indira Gandhis desperate attempt to deserted the Army after Operation
ing was horrified by my feisty
instigators trying to rekindle the
put an end to a strategy that had
Blue Star to join Babbar Khalsa, but
^]:WP[XbcP]Xb
response; Aulakh looked at me
flames of Khalistani terror, we would
gone horribly wrong; it didnt quite
later repented his decision and surwitheringly; and the tea never came. find them in Canada, more specifiserve that purpose. In the end, this
rendered to the police. Dedicating
SdaX]VcWT ('b
Then there was Jagjit Singh
cally in British Columbia. To a cerFrankensteins monster, as in the
his life to the Panth was his way of
P]S ((b1dcX] Chauhan,
the President of
tain extent, American and European
story, devoured its creator, triggering seeking forgiveness; it was his act of
Khalistan, who was more welcomauthorities have realised the folly of
the horrendous pogrom that saw
repentance. But many others like
2P]PSPcWT
ing when we met in London at a
not cracking down on Khalistanis
Congress lynch mobs massacring
him were not so lucky they either
6^eTa]\T]c
common friends house in Islington. during the 1980s and 1990s. But in
4,733 Sikhs, most of them in the
fell to police bullets or just disapHaving served as Finance Minister
Canada, the Government continues
streets of Delhi.
peared, leaving behind families burR^]cX]dTbc^
and Deputy Speaker of the Punjab
to remain as indulgent as it was in
But the blood-soaked Khalistan
dened with memories.
Assembly, Chauhan continued to
1985 when Emperor Kanishka was
story did not end in 1984. Next year,
Strangely, those who played Dr
aT\PX]Pb
maintain a vast network of contacts bombed over the Atlantic.
Emperor Kanishka, Air Indias Flight
Faust to Pakistans ISI and instigated
X]Sd[VT]cPbXcfPb in the State even after moving to
Just how indulgent the Canadian
181/182 from Toronto to Mumbai via young men to pick up AK-47s have
Britain in 1971. There was no
Government is can be gauged from
Montreal, London and Delhi, was
never been brought to justice. They
X] ('$fWT]
dearth of funds and he even had
the fact that neither Ripudaman
blown up off the Irish coast, killing
continue to be ensconced in their
4\_Ta^a:P]XbWZP Republic of Khalistan passports,
Singh Malik nor Ajaib Singh Bagri,
all 329 people on board. Peace conplush homes in the US, Canada and
currency and postage stamps print- who plotted the bombing of
tinued to elude Punjab where casual- Britain, and still dream of Khalistan.
fPbQ^\QTS^eTa
ed that he would provide in
Emperor Kanishka, has had to pay
ties had ceased to matter. Pakistans
Gurmit Singh Aulakh, President of
cWT0c[P]cXR
exchange of British pounds and
for his sins. They were declared not
terror-sponsoring agency, ISI, by then the Council of Khalistan with
American and Canadian dollars. If I guilty by a judge who refused to
in command of the Khalistanis, kept
offices in Washington, DC, has
remember correctly, one Khalistani
accept overwhelming evidence
the fire of separatism alive, fuelling it access to huge private funds and
dollar was valued at one American against them as being conclusive
with money, Kalashnikovs and explo- continues to lobby with American
dollar. I was tempted to purchase a
enough to convict them. Both went
sives. It took the combined efforts of
politicians to press his case, though
Khalistani passport as a keepsake,
on to claim damages running into
a determined Chief Minister, Beant
without any success.
Among those who once actively
but better sense prevailed.
millions of dollars. They were never
Singh, and a tough police chief, KPS
backed Aulakh were Edolphus
By 2001, Chauhan was a decrepit shamed or shunned.
Gill, to douse the blaze.
Towns, then member of the House
man, resigned to the fact that he
(The writer is a current affairs
Beant Singhs assassination was
of Representatives from New York
would not live to see Khalistan. He
analyst based in NCR)
perhaps the last act of terrorism

5 4 4 3 1 0 2 :
CXQbYVXU]]UTY^
RiEVQcSU`dYSc
Reader response to
Swapan Dasguptas column,
Usual Suspects, published on
July 19:
Lacking understanding: The
Congress is suffering from
slave mentality. For the past
60 years, it could not think of
anything different. Even now,
it cannot understand what
Prime Minister Narendra
Modi has achieved in the
recent talks at Ufa. For the
first time, India can engage
with Pakistan without the Kfactor. The talks in Ufa has
opened a new type of discussion with Pakistani liberals. In
India, minorities and a redundant Congress, deliberately
denounce the BJP because of
the fear that majority hindus
have better ideas and they can
win the Pakistani heart.
Mahendra Patel

Over-reading: Perhaps too


much is read into the Ufa
joint statement. Devoid of all
frills, what does it actually
mean? It limits (important
from Indias point of view)
interactions to a certain level.
Interactions are also limited
to concerned areas. Agenda
on such intended meets are
already known to us! There is
no K-word and most of the
statement is centred on
addressing Indias concerns
on elimination of extremism.
There is only a point on
Saarc-level visit by our Prime
Minister to Pakistan; that too
is far away for the moment.
As rightly pointed out by the
writer, what is known to us
may not be the full story.
If one thinks what the
joint statement has done to
Pakistan, it is much more
advantageous to India, as it
has divided Pakistans powerfuls! That is why, to compen-

sate, we witness firings on the


borders now. What Prime
Minister Narendra Modi and
his team have done is a deft
manoeuvre of issues away
from those that dominated
discourses so far. Finally, the
joint statement does not dramatically alter the
Governments approach on
much higher levels.
Aaraam
Settled matter: The writer is
right to contend that Ufa is just
a trick to hoodwink the people
by sheer deftness. We have
seen how Pakistan violates
ceasefires. Mark the tragedy
when India offered sweets on
Eid and Pakistan gave us bullets. Narendra Modi must
understand Pakistans intentions. Pakistan is deceiving the
world, but the world fully
knows that the K issue stands
settled forever.
RL Pathak

2U^WQ\cTQeWXdUb*DbQWYS
dQ\U_VDe[de[Y=Q^TQ\
Reader response to
Kanchan Guptas column,
Coffee Break, published on
July 19:

Government, they rape and


abduct Hindu girls and
women. West Bengal now
looks like pre-1971
East Pakistan.
Subodh Khanna

Ignoring issues: The abductor


of Tuktuki is still out at large.
How could the writer demean
the positive role of the BJP?
The 2014 Burdwan blast,
money laundering at JMB and
abduction of Tuktuki have
now become prime issues.
Hindu persecution and riots
in Bengal cannot be ignored
in a State ruled by the
Trinamool Congress.
Rama Roy

Appeasement politics: West


Bengal Chief Minister
Mamata Banerjee, not too
long, before the election, was
seen praying in a mosque,
wearing hijab (Islamic attire).
She has also been giving a
sum of money to the Imam
as his monthly salary. She
gave laptops to Islamic
schools (madarssas). She
even said that she wants to
open a medical college for
the Muslims. It looks like
this lady will do anything to
stay in power.
An Indian

Persecution rules: Has West


Bengal become an Islamic
enclave in India? Errant
Muslims are given a free run
with the support of the
Trinamool Congress. With
the support of the State

Vote sensibly: The federal


nature of Indian States is the
reason why BJP and

Narendra Modi find themselves helpless in non-BJP


ruled States like West Bengal,
Bihar, Uttar Pradesh etc. It is
vital to vote for the BJP in the
coming elections and notice
the difference. Maharashtra is
one such example.
Sarita
Battle ahead: All is not lost
for the BJP in West Bengal. It
must emerge as a protector
of the Hindus, irrespective of
the electoral outcome. The
Union Ministry of Home
Affairs should intervene and
tell that Hindus cannot be
persecuted like this.
Jitendra
Be sensitive: Being a woman
Chief Minister, Mamata
Banerjee should have taken
control of the situation. She
should be more strict with
such sensitive issues.
Jayanta

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eaders and spokespersons of the


BJP are committing the same
mistakes which had been made
by the Congress. Almost all
leaders of Congress had targeted Narendra Modi and we witnessed the
outcome: First the people of Gujarat and
then the whole country stood by Modi
and he became the Prime Minister. In
the same manner, almost all leaders of
the BJP have started targeting Rahul
Gandhi and his family.
Even Modi is attacking Rahul. In a
week, Modi has attacked Rahul twice.
Recently, he made an indirect jibe at
Sonias son-in-law Robert Vadra when he
said that these days many things are
being heard about sons-in-law in politics. After that, at the function of labour
organisations, Modi said he didnt need
to take cameramen to see the poor.
BJP spokesperson MJ Akbar went a
step ahead. He said when Rahul raises
questions over the Land Bill and says he
will not allow anyone to take even an
inch of land, he is actually talking about
the land of his sister and brother-in-law,
Priyanka and Robert.
Akbar also said that a good share of
money which was taken to allot the contracts in Goa and Assam had been transferred to the first family of the country.
Such attacks are being made by not just
one spokesperson, but also by Sidharth
Nath Singh and Shrikant Sharma. The
BJP is now gearing up to attack Sonia,
Priyanka and Robert.

RAHUL DECISION-MAKER NOW


ongress leaders always alleged that in
the BJP everything happens according to a single persons wish. The
Congress attacked Narendra Modi over
the apparent lack of democracy in the
BJP and the Central Government, but at
the same time even in the Congress
everything is being decided as per
Rahuls wish.
His core team is making all decisions
even as all veteran leaders have been
sidelined. Many leaders have become
indifferent to the issues of the party. All
decisions related to the party and organisation are being taken by Rahul. Be it the
issues of solving fights among kshatrapas
or fixing the policies of the State
Government or starting new agitations
against the BJP and Central Government,
Team Rahul calls the shots.
Dozens of veteran leaders who used
to sit at 24 Akbar Road have become
unemployed. They have been pushed
aside without making any Margdarshak
Mandal. The Congress has a dozen of
general secretaries but only a few of
them are taking interest in party affairs;
the rest are sitting at home. They dont
know what is going to happen in States
under their supervision.
Many cells of the Congress have also
become redundant. A research committee had been formed after the Lok Sabha
Elections, but no meeting has been held
till date. Many shadow Parliamentary
Committees had also been constituted,
but no meeting has been held yet.

SPS SPECIFIC STRATEGY


he line and length of the Samajwadi
Party seems to have totally changed.
Ram Gopal Yadav, Mulayams brother
and leader of Samajwadi Party in Rajya
Sabha, is deciding the partys strategy in
Delhi. Seemingly, Mulayam has handed
over Delhi politics to Ram Gopal. That is
the reason why he has fixed the partys
parliamentary strategy on his own. He
has coaxed his party to support the GST
Bill; he also supported Sushma Swaraj on
the Lalit Modi issue and opposed
Congress line on the Land Bill. Before
this, sources say, it was Ram Gopal who
put hindrances in the merger of the
Janata family. In fact, at that time he was
worried for his post of party leader in
Rajya Sabha.
Some sources say the party is doing
all this under a specific strategy. In fact,
leaders of the Samajwadi Party think that
the Congress will pose more danger to it.
They think that if the Samajwadi Party
takes the line of the Congress on the
Land Bill, then ultimately the latter will
benefit because Rahul is fighting for the
cause of farmers.
On an all-India level, Rahul is
becoming the face against the BJP, and
in Uttar Pradesh, Samajwadi Party may
have to pay the price. SP leaders are
worried that if the stature of Rahul

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grows, then the result of 2009 Lok


Sabha Elections might be repeated.
Probably, that is the reason why
Samajwadi leaders are weakening the
strategy of the Congress.
LEFT HAS NOT LEFT CONG
lmost all Opposition parties have left
the Congress alone on the issue of
attacking the Government in Parliament.
Even in the all-party meeting held before
the beginning of the Parliament Session,
the Congress stood alone. In this scenario, the Left front extended support to
the Congress.
The Left and Congress have decided
to attack the Modi Government with full
might. When the Government appealed
to the Opposition to co-operate, both
exhibited the same action.
Though there was news that the gap
between the Left and Congress had
increased as no Left leader was present at
Sonias Iftar party, there is still closeness
between the two when it comes to parliamentary strategy.
Like the Congress, the Left has also
demanded an investigation into the Lalit
Modi issue. General Secretary of CPM,

Sitaram Yechury, and CPIs D Raja had


demanded action against leaders who
helped Lalit Modi. The two leaders have
hit the BJP hard and said that to demand
resignation of tainted leaders is the party
tradition. They said that the BJP had
demanded resignation of several UPA
ministers, so the party must put forward
resignation of its own leaders as well.
In the same manner, the Congress
said it was the BJP which had created
ruckus in Parliament and demanded resignation of ministers, so the party has to
get ready to face the same situation. So,
this is almost clear that the Congress and
Left will create problems for the
Government in the ongoing session.
BJP TO SACRIFICE SESSION?
t is true that a meeting of NDA was
convened and the Speaker of Lok
Sabha and Parliamentary Affairs
Minister called all-party meetings where
big claims for smooth proceedings of
Parliament were made. But at the same
time, it is true that the BJP is ready to
sacrifice the Monsoon Session.
Last Sunday, there was a meeting of
BJP leaders under the chairmanship of

Amit Shah and the line decided by the


party could not be called a compromising one. That day, the party decided that
on the issues of Lalit Modi, Vyapam and
fake degrees, no minister or CM would
resign under the pressure of the
Opposition.
So, the BJP has fiercely started
defending its CMs and ministers. Along
with this, it has started putting forth
issues like corruption and is trying to
push the Congress on the back foot.
One incident from Goa has come under
focus: There are allegations that two
ministers of the last Congress
Government of the State had taken
bribe for giving a contract to an
American company. The company in
question is already facing action. BJP
leaders are raising this issue and trying
to attack Sonia and Rahul. BJP leaders
are raising this issue in Parliament as
well as outside.
The Congress Government of
Assam is also in question on the same
issue. Though no name from Assam is
clear in the scam, the Opposition has
started attacking the Gogoi
Government.

OLD WINE IN NEW BOTTLE


he Central Government will release
all data related to social, economic
and caste based Census, though the date
hasnt been decided yet. Before releasing
the data, BJP leaders are trying to gauge
its probable effects on the Bihar elections.
It is being said that the BJP is trying
to put forth a Dalit and backward face. In
the rally held at Patnas Gandhi Maidan
to start the election campaign, the BJP
gave prominence to its three alliance
partners who are also backwards and
Dalit leaders: Ram Vilas Paswan, Jitan
Ram Manjhi and Upendra Kushwaha.
Their photos were put on the Parivartan
Rath. With these faces, the BJP is trying
to lessen the effect of Lalu Prasad Yadav
and Nitish Kumar.
Probably, this is reason why the BJP
is taking time to release the caste based
Census. The Government and the party
feel that before releasing caste based
Census, it is necessary to prove that the
BJP leadership is pro-backwards. That is
why Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said
that many States have not sent their
data. On the other hand, the
Government has formed a committee
under the chairmanship of Deputy
Chairman of NITI Aayog, Arvind
Panagariya, to classify the data.

:^a]ZTReZ`_d`W:cR_d_fT]VRcUVR]
fter years of discussions and debates on
whether Iran should
be freed from restrictions and sanctions
imposed 12 years ago, the country finally got some relief when
the P5+1 signed a nuclear deal
with it. For Iran, it was like
breaking down a wall that didnt
allow any progress in the country
and had crippled its resourcedependent economy.
While the United States is
still divided on whether what it
did was right, and Israel is thinking of the domination that Iran
could pose in the future, countries like Russia, China and India
are rejoicing.
On July 14, Iran and six
world powers signed the mouldbreaker agreement in exchange
for the nations agreement to limit
its nuclear programme. The
agreement allows for the countrys civil nuclear infrastructure
to remain intact, sanctions
against banks and exports to be
lifted, and an arms embargo
removed, to be replaced with
five-year restrictions on armsbuying. However, in return it has
been clearly stated that under no
circumstances will Iran ever seek,
develop or acquire any nuclear
weapons.
Though the P5 countries are
pacifying others that the restrictions are enough to prevent Iran
from making nuclear weapons,
Israel seems to fathom the

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inevitable dark future with Iran
joining the nuclear fold. An
Israeli Cabinet Minister said the
deal gave Iran a license to kill,
while Israels Deputy Foreign
Minister called it a capitulation
of historic proportions by the
West to the Iran-led axis of evil.
From the moment the deal
came through, two groups have
emerged the Congress of US
and Israel vouching against the
nuke deal, and countries formulating strategies to utilise the
newfound freedom in trade relations with Iran. While Irans
neighbours are thinking about
the promising future, countries
like Russia, China and India have
already started making efforts to
improve relations with Iran.
For India, Irans nuclear
agreement will have a positive
impact in its external relations.
Irans prolonged tussle with the
West and the subsequent sanctions on Irans economy had been
inconvenient for India. While
Iran was traditionally Indias second largest supplier of crude oil,
economic sanctions on Iran since
2003 had forced India to look
elsewhere primarily Iraq,
Kuwait, the UAE, and Saudi
Arabia for its imports.
India had to pay for oil that it

still imports from Iran through


other countries, primarily Turkey
and Russia. For Iran, sanctions
meant it had to accept payments
for a significant portion of its
exports to India in rupees, leading to large and unused reserves
of the currency in Iran.

The announcement of the


framework agreement has
brought cheer in India. Two
Indian energy corporations, Essar
Oil and Mangalore Refinery and
Petrochemicals, have planned to
import oil from Iran this month.
Similar to the interests of

India, China also aims to be a


major exporter of Iranian oil in
the world. Jin Canrong, viceprincipal of the Institute of
International Relations of the
Peoples University of China, told
a leading international news
agency recently that the Vienna

Agreement gives Iran a chance to


address the issue of economic
sanctions as the Iranian economy
is in a dire state currently.
It is speculated that China,
which is the main buyer of oil in
Iran, will now co-operate with
the country in the nuclear field.
According to the West, this is the
reason for China being the most
supportive actor of Iran during
the nuke deal discussions.
Canrong explained,
Although China participated in
the negotiations of the six on
Iran, it was not one of the major
players in the process, just like a
number of other countries.
China, of course, contributed to
the solution of the Iranian
nuclear issue on the basis of its
interests, primarily economic.
The analyst said that earlier
China invested in Iran through
the purchase of Japans major
Iranian oil field. However, the
sanctions levied by the US did
not permit China to make further investments in Irans economy and it was not able to export
Iranian oil. As a result, China
suffered significant economic
damage. Now, after the agreement on the Iranian nuclear programme and the lifting of sanctions, it is no longer a problem to

export from Iran, he added.


Through this nuke deal, the
experts believe, China is eyeing
more trade, and ambitious Silk
Road projects. Li Shaoxian, an
expert in Middle East Studies at
Ningxia University, said the
reopening of the Iranian market
is set to increase competition
between China and the West.
China, however, has the advantage of having a rich knowledge
of the Iranian market and huge
foreign exchange reserves for
investments, she added.
Shada Islam, policy director
of the Brussels-based think tank
Friends of Europe, told the
China Daily: In the long run,
the focus will of course be on the
development of Irans infrastructure and the oil and gas sector.
Given its location and diverse
regional interests, Iran will also
inevitably play a crucial role in
Chinas Silk Road proposal.
Iran, a key stop in the ancient
Silk Road project, has now joined
China-led Asian Infrastructure
Investment Bank as a founding
member. The ambitious Silk
Road initiative, for which
Chinese President Xi Jinping has
set up a $40-billion fund, has several components.
AnHuihou, Chinas former
Ambassador to Egypt, believes
closer economic links would also
boost the going global strategy
of Chinese enterprises and further elevate its ties with other
Middle East countries.

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mma Stones casting as Allison
Ng, a character of Hawaiian and
Asian heritage, in Cameron
Crowes latest romantic comedy Aloha,
received its fair share of criticism
when the film opened in July. Crowe
went so far as to apologise to all who
felt this was an odd or misguided casting choice in a blog post. While on a
press tour for Woody Allens Irrational
Man, Stone for the first time addressed
the controversy in an interview with
an Australian news site.
Ive become the butt of many
jokes, she said, referring to her role in
Aloha. Ive learned on a macro level
about the insane history of whitewashing in Hollywood and how prevalent
the problem truly is. Its ignited a conversation thats very important.
In defense of her casting, she
offered: The character was not supposed to look like her background,
which was a quarter Hawaiian and a
quarter Chinese.
Made for roughly $40m, Aloha has
grossed approximately $20m in the US
since opening on July 12; not a terrible

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food. Swaggering poachers set up camps


in prime areas, and in some cases moved
in to ranger posts.
Run by big criminal syndicates based
in Dar es Salaam, the poachers worked in
highly-mechanised teams, according to
Howard Frederick. You would have lead
teams who would go out and scout an
area, then kill teams come in, ambush
and kill whole groups, he said.
They move on to the next area while
the butchering team comes in and chops
all the tusks and then the transport team
comes in. Its progressed from being very
casual poaching to teams of highlyorganised individuals.
Tanzanias elephants were an obvious
target. When world-renowned elephant
expert Iain Douglas-Hamilton conducted
the first aerial survey of Tanzania in 1976,
the country had 316,000 elephants, the
largest pachyderm population on the
planet. For someone who counts elephants, it was like Everest for a mountaineer, he told The Telegraph from his
base in Kenyas Samburu National
Reserve. It was incredible. An unblemished wilderness teeming with elephants.
In 2013, there were a number of
seizures of several tonnes-worth of ivory
which, it was suggested, had come from
Tanzania. Rob Muir, the Africa programme director for the Frankfurt
Zoological Society, said it became clear
poaching a problem across Africa
had surged in the Selous, a game reserve
twice the size of Belgium.
The Government and the FZS put
together a multinational survey team to
determine how bad the problem was.
When their work was completed in
October 2013, they were devastated.
We recalculated about 1,000 times
because we didnt believe what we were
seeing, said Frederick. In Selous and its
surrounding ecosystem, the elephant
population was the lowest since counts
began, down from 109,000 in 1976 to
13,084 in 2013.
It served as a wake-up call for how
serious poaching had become, said Muir.
One of the great elephant strongholds
had just been decimated.
The Tanzanian Government said it
would beef up protection of its wildlife
and accepted a flood of offers of help,
including the Americans who sent

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usic legends Iggy Pop, Grace


Jones, Henry Rollins and
Eagles of Death Metals Jesse
Hughes have all signed on to star in a
project billed as the loudest silent
movie on Earth, from BelgianSwedish director and visual artist
Bjrn Tagemose.
Titled Gutterdmmerung, the
experimental project will be park-rock
show, part-immersive cinema experience, and features some of the worlds
most well-known rock performers.
The movie, while silent, will feature a score provided by a live rock
band at every screening, in addition
to a live narrator. The recently
launched website for the film sums
up what Tagemose has set out to
achieve: Think of a deafening rock
n roll version of Secret Cinema taking place in hell and you might just
begin to have an idea of what
Gutterdmmerung is.
The film centres around the
Devils Evil Guitar, which is sent back
to Earth by the punk angel Vicious
(Pop), to unleash sin upon mankind,

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s Howard Frederick flew in a


Cessna low over the scrubland of Tanzanias Selous
game reserve, it was the complete absence of elephants
rather than the piles of scattered bones he
saw that chilled him most. The team conducting the aerial wildlife counts of
Tanzania in 2013 and 2014 knew poaching was becoming a major problem, but
nothing could have prepared them for
what they uncovered.
Tanzania had lost two-thirds of its
once mighty elephant population in just
four years, as demand from China for
their ivory tusks sent a highly-organised
army of rifle and chainsaw-wielding
criminals into its game reserves. I had
never seen anything like that there
were carcasses everywhere, whole family
groups on their sides, between three and
seven animals, wiped out, he said.
Flying over these huge areas and
even driving through, you used to see
dozens of huge bull elephants. There was
this incredible sense of life missing from
that landscape thats so defined by these
creatures. Its just hollow.
Three hundred and fifty feet below
them, in a safari vehicle, tour guide David
Guthrie was doing his best to explain to
his visitors why he was driving away from
circling vultures usually the sign for a
seasoned big game watcher of a touristthrilling lion kill. In 17 years of working
in the Selous I had seen two elephant carcasses, but in 2010 they started appearing
in numbers and by 2012 it was just awful.
We were hearing shots regularly from the
camps. We would have injured bull elephants walking in to try to find safety
and dying under trees. The rangers were
having to block access to areas it was
just carnage, he said.
Having led the way in calling for a
ban on elephant ivory exports in the
1980s, Tanzania had grown complacent
about stewarding its bountiful wildlife.
With its reputation as the elephant capital
of the world and listing as a Unesco
World Heritage Site, the Selous earned
around $9m a year in visitor revenues.
But the Government returned only 20
per cent for the running of the park.
Guthrie said its few rangers were
powerless and totally demoralised,
working with scant weaponry, tents and

number for a small-scaled romantic


comedy, but a poor figure for one starring Stone, Bradley Cooper, Rachel
McAdams and Bill Murray, from the
writer/director of Jerry Maguire, which
grossed over $150m in 1996.
The negative reviews Aloha was
met with, plus the controversy surrounding Stones casting, no doubt
played a factor in the films disappointing box office performance.

marines to train its rangers.


At an international anti-poaching
conference in London in April last year,
President Jakaya Kikwete said he had
brought in the military and hinted his
Government had identified the poaching
kingpin. But there was further bad news.
Paul Allen, the Microsoft founder,
stepped forward asking about the situation in Africas other national parks. He
funded a second survey which late last
year revealed that the poachers, having all
but wiped out the Selouss elephants, had
moved on to Ruaha, Tanzanias largest
national park.
In just one year, between 2013 and
2014, its elephant population plummeted
by 60 per cent around 1,000 elephants
a month to 8,200. A major DNA study
of seized ivory shipments confirmed that
85 per cent of African tusks came from
two areas, a patch of West Africa and
Tanzania.
Lazaro Nyalandu, the tourism minister, had announced a new Wildlife
Pride awareness campaign involving a
former Miss Tanzania and a basketball
star. During an address at Cambridge
University later, he touched on the
decline but also highlighted that elephant
numbers had begun to rise again in the
Selous and talked about successful drivers of conservation. The Government is
still refusing to publish the report of the
2014 Ruaha count, citing a lack of carcasses confirming the deaths.
Nyalandu has suggested the disappearance of 12,000 elephants from that
reserve was the greatest wildlife mystery
ever and pledged to send out search parties to determine if they had emigrated to
neighbouring countries.
Dr Alfred Kikoti, Tanzanias foremost
elephant expert, said the outgoing
Government of Nyalandu remains part of
the problem because of its unwillingness to
take on the powerful networks of corruption police, immigration and wildlife
officials and politicians that help the
poachers to operate unhindered. Dr Kikoti
believes that until a new president is elected in October, little will change. I think if
this Government decides tomorrow that
they dont want this to continue and are
going to deal with it then its possible to
reverse the decline, he said.

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according to Beat. Rollins play a puritan priest intent on destroying the


devils instrument.
Tagemose and his rock star cast
announced the project on the films
website, promising additional casting
announcements on August 3.
Pop also has another film project
lined up. Hes set to play a serial killer
in The Sandman, the latest horror film
from Italian master Dario Argento.

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undreds of the most evocative


film posters of all time, including a rare 1935 poster for Top
Hat, Fred Astaires most successful film
with his most famous partner Ginger
Rogers, are set to be sold at an auction
in Los Angeles. The entire sale is estimated to fetch more than 500,000
the Top Hat poster alone 30,000.
Other vintage posters include
Gone With the Wind, Breakfast at
Tiffanys, Sunset Boulevard and
Casablanca the latter a classic by
Bill Gold, who created the images that
sold more than 1,000 movies over a

70-year career.
The selection goes right back to
the earliest days of cinema, including
posters and cinema lobby cards for
DW Griffiths epic 1915 silent movie
The Birth of a Nation, which took up
12 reels for a running time of more
than three hours, and the 1917 The
Adventures of Buffalo Bill, which
employed more than 5,000 extras for
the battle scenes. The first American
adaptation of Sherlock Holmes, directed in 1922 by Albert Parker and starring John Barrymore as the great
detective, is also represented.

event will include a most delicious girl


contest for women who dont mind bug
bites. Natalya Paramonova, an organiser
of the three-day event starting July 17 in
Berezniki, said the festival will feature a
most delicious girl contest, with
women in shorts and vests stand still
for 20 minutes to allow the bloodsucking insects to feast.
An expert panel of judges,
including a doctor, will examine their bodies and the winner will be the one with the
most bites, Paramonova
told Interfax. Organisers
said the winner of
2013s most delicious
girl contest received
more than 100 bites
during the 20-minute
competition.
The celebration, which
Paramonova described as a
joke festival when it began
two years ago, will also feature
other absurd events including
a mosquito parade and a competition to see who can catch
the most live mosquitoes.

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man is facing charges of


A
theft and resisting arrest
after authorities say he crashed

a jousting performance at
the Colorado Renaissance
Festival and tried to make
off with a sword. A witness says the man was
chased down by two
women in costume. Steve
Chapman says they followed him up a hill and
one of them, dressed as a
wench, held him in a
headlock for about five
minutes until her husband, in a knights costume, showed up and
held him down until
security arrived.
Douglas County
Sheriff s Office spokesman Sgt.
Ron Hanavan confirmed that
bystanders were able to stop
22-year-old Connor Ward.
Chapman, who was photographing the event for his
travel website, said Ward

appeared to be drunk and was


laughing much of the time.

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Spanish Mayor has become


the first in the country to
issue a proclamation creating
an official afternoon nap time
for the entire city. Mayor Joan
Faus Vitoria of Ador in Valencia
declared 2 to 5 pm as the official time for the citys residents
to take their afternoon siestas.
The edict asks residents
to keep quiet during the
siesta hours and the Mayor
recommended children
be kept inside to prevent noise from travelling into open windows.
The Mayor said the nap
time was chosen due to the
high afternoon heat making 2 to
5 pm the ideal time to take a
break from working in fields.
Vitoria said there will be
no penalties for violations,
and the edict should be

treated as merely a suggestion rather than an


obligation.
A study published in the
Endocrine Societys Journal
of Clinical Endocrinology &
Metabolism in February
espoused the health benefits of an
afternoon siesta.

D?8

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talian farmers are installing showers


Ipigsties
and air conditioning in cowsheds and
to allow the animals to freshen
up in the baking summer heat, an agriculture group said last week.
Farm animals in Italy particularly
in the muggy agricultural heartland
around the Po river near Milan are
under stress as the mercury approaches
40 degrees Celsius in the hottest July for
more than a decade.
The situation is worrisome, particularly in the Po Valley which has the
highest concentration of barns that have
been kitted out with fans, small showers
and air conditioners to cool down cows
and pigs, farming group Coldiretti said.

Italian cows produced 50


million litres less milk than
usual in the first 15 days of the
month and chickens laid between
5 and 10 per cent fewer eggs, the
group said in a statement.
Coldiretti said conditions were set
to get worse with the arrival of an anticyclone weather phenomenon known as
Charon, named after the ferryman of
Greek mythology who steered the
deceased across the river separating the
worlds of the living and the dead.
Perspiring pigs are also suffering,
Coldiretti said, adding that they lose
their appetite in temperatures above 28
degrees and start eating up to 40 per
cent less than usual.
Anti-humidity measures have been
taken and drinking trough systems are
working overtime to give some of the
thirsty beasts up to 140 litres of water a
day, compared to the 70 they drink in
cooler weather.

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of a Russian towns annual


Organisers
mosquito festival said this years

D?8

t is not easy being a vampire, and even


Itherapist
harder to come out of the coffin to a
for fear they will misinterpret
the habit of ingesting the blood of willing donors or succumb to stereotyping, a study finds. Research led
by DJ Williams, director of
social work at Idaho State
University, indicated that
people who identify themselves as real vampires
that is, needing others
blood to gain energy
would not disclose
their practices to
those in the helping professions and
risk reactions like
ridicule, disgust
and possible diagnosis of a mental illness.
The study found that
authentic vampires as
opposed to lifestyle
vampires might be stereotyped by clinicians whose
fields discourage biases.

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he world would have
been a much better
place if all of us could
retain the innocence and
purity of a child. The problem is that we think we need
to learn the ways of the
society to survive. This
assumption, however, needs
to be re-examined.
Having seen children
very closely and observing
their behaviour, it seems
that if adults were child-like
the world would have been

much happier. It is so easy


for children to adjust to situations and people unlike
adults. They can wave to
strangers, smile innocently
at them, greet them without
any inhibitions. They can
stay happy and carry on
with their activities with the
same vigour even when they
are sick. Their laughter is
genuine, their cries are genuine. Their tantrums, too,
are genuine.
Its so easy for a child to

speak his mind without any


fear or hesitation. They
dont hesitate in calling a
spade a spade. If you are
bad to them, they will just
tell you so on your face and
will have no guilt or regret
for saying so. And the interesting thing is that the child
will forgive you easily for
being bad to them.
Its time we should realise
that it is important to keep
the child in us alive to maintain inner peace and tran-

quillity. We feel so happy


when we are with children as
they make us forget all our
worldly wisdom.
In fact, we can easily
learn anger management
from kids. At one moment
they are sad or upset over a
particular thing, situation or
a person. At the next
moment, they behave so
normally as if nothing had
happened. This is because
they forgive, forget and let
go things easily and move

ahead. Children are not burdened with stress. Though


they do feel stressed at
times, they dont hold on to
it. The longer we hold on to
our stress, the more troublesome it becomes, sometimes
resulting in burnout.
Therefore, to maintain
inner peace and happiness,
we just need to keep the
child in us alive. Life would
be much smoother if at times
we behave child-like and
take things easily. Kids can

dance even if they are bad at


it, they can pose stupidly for
photographs, they can say no
when they want to, without
any hesitation and they can
laugh their heart out. They
have no pretentions. If we
too could behave like them,
we would celebrate the event
called life.
It is said that the children learn from us. They do,
but many of the undesirable
things too, that have made
this society a difficult place

to live in. They learn deception. They learn treachery.


They learn to lie. To feign
innocence. The unfortunate
part is that all these vices
are being picked up by children at a much early age
these days. It is time we
adults learnt to be children
from children.
Free from worry of the
past and anxiety of the
future, the child is a pure
soul. It is the purity of the
soul that reflects on the

face that gives it a gleam.


It is this purity that is
lost as we grow and
acquire adulthood.
Little wonder that the
term used to denote the
impurity in products is
called adulteration and the
term that denotes impurity
in relations is called adultery. And mind you, I am
not kidding!

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og is your relationship
with your guru, thats it.
Yog begins and ends at the
feet of the guru, and making a guru is a sadhna. In
this article we will delve upon the
guru-shishya relationship from the
latters perspective.
Dhyan moolam Guru murti,
pooja moolam Guru padam;
Mantra moolam Guru vakyam,
moksha moolam Guru kripa
The above shloka is the essence
of the life of a shishya. The centre of
dhyan for a shishya is the form of
his/her guru; all pilgrimages are
made by the shishya at the feet of the
guru, whose every word is a mantra
(codified energy) for the shishya and
he/she attains moksha only by the
grace of a guru.
Guru has been given the highest
place in the shastras. He is Brahma
though he has not four heads, he is
Vishnu though he has not four arms,
he is Shiva though he has not three
eyes. It is in the experience of guru
and guru alone that the shishya experiences parabrahma, or that which is
unmanifested.
Such is the importance of guru
that in Rudrayamala it is said, By
devotion to guru, a jeeva will attain
the state of Indra, lord of celestials,
but by devotion to me (ishta devta
alone), he might not attain me.
For a shishya, everything associated with the guru is shreshtam, foremost. It is said that the place where
the guru lives is Kailash for the
shishya, the trees in the house are the
kalp vriksha, the water that flows
there is Ganga, the herbs that grow
are sanjeevani buti, the air is the
prana vayu, the food served is prasad
of the divine, the water is amrit.
When a shishya sits for dhyan
with the guru, that much time does
not exist for him, as at that time the
shishya experiences the state of the
guru and the experiences of years of
sadhna done by the guru.
It is after lifetimes of sadhna that
a being meets his/her guru, and

when that happens, there are indications for it. The first indication is
that there occur certain changes in
your body it starts looking the
way you always desired. Secondly,
any imbalance or disease in the body
disappears. You cease to fall ill. And
the third indicator is that you start
experiencing the energies that run
this creation.
A guru does not charge you a fee
or claim to rid you of your problems,
he puts you on the path of attaining
the final reality, opening the doorways
of subtler dimensions. He is sthir in
the five yams of ashtang yog, he
exudes the glow and attraction of yog,
whatever he says happens, his mantra
ucharan is full of force and results in
divine experiences and manifestations, something which people at
Dhyan ashram experience daily.
One should not be in a hurry to

make a guru and should be absolutely sure when he/she does make one
basing the faith upon experiences
he/she has had. Yogsutras give a period of two years for a sadhak to
observe, analyse and understand
everything before making a guru.
Because once you make a guru, if
after that you doubt upon it or
change path, it is considered as disrespect of the guru (guru niradar), the
sadhna of years comes to point zero.
Kabir had said, Kabira te nar andh
hai jo guru kahate aur. Hari ruthe
guru thor hai guru ruthe nahi thor.
The next two years are for the guru
to accept the sadhak as a shishya.
Just like gurus are rare to find,
shishyas too are few in number.
There are certain indicators of a
shishya too. A shishya has one pointed focus on the guru; there exists
nothing but the guru for him/her.

The faith and surrender of the


shishya is absolute, a single doubt is
enough to keep one off the path. A
shishya never hides things from the
guru and the relationship between
the shishya and the guru is barrierless. A shishya is a reflection of the
guru, he/she exudes the glow and
radiance of the guru and his/her vritti (activity) is according to the state
of the guru.
Once the guru makes a shishya,
he/she becomes his 100 per cent
responsibility; the guru monitors the
shishya not daily or hourly, but every
second and literally carries him/her
on the path of yog.
While the domain of guru is gyan
for the shishya, the seva of guru is the
domain of shishya. The guru-shishya
relationship cannot be undermined
by tying it to a physical give and take.
If anywhere in the world this rela-

tionship is rested upon physical or


monetary favours from either side,
be rest assured it is a business deal,
not guru-shishya relationship.
The present understanding of the
term guru is rooted in the physical,
with innovative terms like love guru,
business guru, management guru
etc becoming popular. Earlier there
was just guru. This is indicative of
the wrong thought process and desire
pattern of people.
Even pilgrimages have turned
into picnic spots in present times,
where people go in the hope of fulfilling material aspirations. If your
desires are rested in the physical,
then you need not go to a guru.
Simple charity and service and following the laws of creation is enough
to achieve physical desires. Guru is
needed when you want to understand what lies beyond, and there is
desire for siddhis of yog to go out of
the ambit of life and death.
The problem of kalyug is that our
desires are embedded in the physical;
physical is what the majority understands, so even when one sets on a
search for guru, he/she measures him
on physical yardsticks how big is
his ashram, how many factories does
he own, etc. Beyond that, one is
unable to comprehend, missing out
on the essence of what the guru is.
Its fine to be embedded in the
physical because for the majority that
is the starting point, but if you have
found a guru and are walking his
path and over a period of time your
desires are still as they were, then you
need to think whether you are wrong
or you are in the wrong place.
The night of Guru Purnima
which falls on July 30 this year is of
particular significance to a shishya.
Yagya and mantra sadhna performed
on this night under the guidance of
your guru bestows the practitioner
with boons equivalent to many years of
sadhna put together in just one night.

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ntitle us? Is that not a


direct contradiction of
Gita 2.47?

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his refers to Rinku


T
Ghoshs article, Dragon
puffs beyond borders, published in Agenda, The Pioneer.
The article informs: China
claims that for thousands of
years, the silk spirit peace
and cooperation, openness
and inclusiveness, mutual
respect, learning and mutual
benefit, cultural enrichmenthas been passed from generation to generation and promoted the progress of civilisation. The above claims are
not based on historical facts
or truth.
For thousands of years,
the Chinese were very
inward-looking and were
afraid of foreigners because of
which they built the Great
Wall of China to protect
themselves.
One cannot understand

what this Silk Road spirit is


about. This, the Chinese or
their apologists, must convince the Indians about.
On peace and cooperation, how can these be
achieved by occupying
others lands claiming as
ones own. China has its
own definition of peace,
such as its wars with India
(1962), the erstwhile USSR
(1969), Vietnam (1979) etc.
Chinese cooperation means
claiming others land, and
threatening neighbours with
dire consequences.
Regarding openness, I
challenge the Chinese to
adopt Indian style of multi
party democracy and find
where its place is. The
Tiananmen Square incident
of 1989 where peaceful
protesters were crushed to
death by Army tanks
shows the opposite.
In 2008 Beijing
Olympics, the Chinese
Government compelled the
local citizens to watch the
events on television rather
than in stadia. In democratic India, such orders are
unthinkable.
Regarding inclusiveness,
all neighbours should show
deference to China reducing
themselves as vassal states.
On mutual respect, I still

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his story on Kumrahar is
great as are the facts
found in 1913 by archaeologist Spooner brought to light
by Somen Sengupta. Also interesting is the fact that the
Government buried the entire
site with soil in 1989, the reason
is not known.
In this area in
Chandraguptas time,
walls were made of paper
mesh; I dont know the
reason behind it even
though I read about it a
long time ago. Later wood
was used, and in Ashokas
time stone and lime. Again
congrats for bringing our
past to the present day.
The Government should
take up restoration of
this project. It was also
nice to read that Patna
ruled India for more
than 600 years.

6
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remember the abusive language used against India in


general and Prime Minister
Nehru in particular in early
1960s as reported in the
Indian media.
Regarding cultural
enrichment of ideas, why
Buddhism from India travelled worldwide, especially
East and South East Asia,
why not Confucianism,
Taoism etc from China?
Finally, India should
never forget its 1962 humiliation and always be careful
of the clever intentions of
the Communist Chinese
leadership. My compliments
to the author for this analytical article.

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49:?2?@E244@>>@52E:?8
has always been willing to partner with nations
IwhoNDIA
are also willing to have

mutual accommodation of
interests. The trouble with
China is its opacity and
unwillingness to be accommodating. With Chinas history of hegemonic behaviour,
no wonder India is deliberating and hesitant to plunge in
with both feet.

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Good article.

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he word intuition has been defined in an
English dictionary as an idea or a strong
feeling that something is true although you
cannot explain why. And the word sixth sense has
been defined as a special ability to know something without using any one of the five senses that
include sight and touch.
There are other questions as well in this connection besides the one mentioned in the title. The
first question is: What is the difference between
intuition and sixth sense? The second question is:
How can you tell whether it is not your imagination? The question mentioned in the title is our
third question. The fourth question is: How come
some people have more intuitions than others? The
fifth question is: Can we qualify to have intuitions?
For answering all these questions, we need to
understand the phenomenon of intuition. For that
we must go to its source ie from where it originates. Any genuine intuition has to come from
God only. Only God, who is all-knowing, is in a
position to know the future.
The occurrence of any event depends upon
many factors, all of which no human being is in a
position to know in this highly interconnected
world. We may be aware of some but only God
can know all of them. Therefore, a genuine intuition has to come from God only. He conveys
them through the soul, which is part of him
(Bhagavad Gita 15.7).
And God, being merciful to those who are
genuinely good persons including his devotees,
informs, alerts, and warns through these intuitions. Others may also get some intuitions but
they can never be sure whether it is their imagination or a genuine intuition; only genuinely pure
persons or devotees of God can be sure. Let us
remember that our minds also generate thoughts
which we could confuse as intuitions.
Now we are in a good position to know the
answers to various questions mentioned earlier.
The first question was regarding the difference
between intuition and sixth sense. As mentioned
in the definition of sixth sense, the knowledge
received has to come from a source other than the
five senses. That source, as mentioned above, is
God. Therefore, intuition and sixth sense are
same; there is no difference between the two.
Now let us take up the second question. To
answer this question, we must understand how
any intuition originating from God conveyed
through the medium of a soul reaches our consciousness. A human being is in two parts. There
is soul the spiritual entity and there is jeeva,
which is a living force consisting of our bodies
and our minds.
All intuitions have to pass through jeeva before
they reach our consciousness. If the jeeva is pure,
ie in the mode of goodness, what comes through
to our consciousness will be true. And if the jeeva
is polluted by the modes of either passion or darkness, we cannot be sure about the authenticity of
anything coming from inside of us; it maybe just
our imagination, a thought generated by the mind
or a distorted version of an intuition.
The answer to the third question is: It depends
upon our purity. The key to have genuine intuitions
is purity of the living force, ie our bodies and our
minds. The answer to the fourth question is: They
have purified their existence. And now let us take
up the last question. We can qualify to get intuitions if we purify our existence and get connected
to God. The second part will make us more deserving but good persons do have intuitions; their purity is rewarded by God. I welcome your comments.

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0BCA>BC@4

170A0C17DB70=?03<034>
here are four levels of mind
darkening (ignorant), scattering,
gathering-up, and one-pointed.
Evidently, if with one-pointed attention,
you pursue a task, of course a well reasoned one, success rating becomes very
high. The gathering up types, are at
times focused and after a while get distracted, but instead of getting caught up,
they try to regain their focus. These two
types are fewer in number.
Majority fall under the category of
darkening and scattering types, and
which cover all ages. The darkening
types lack clarity in their vision and
thought. Therefore, they often fail to
make a well thought choice, and with
obvious consequences. Invariably, indolence and inertia are inlaid in their
character. So, often they fail to take
timely initiatives and are therefore, left
behind in the run of time, ending up
distraught, stressed and depressed. They
seldom remember that they too, like
others, are armed with the power of
freewill, which is duly aided by the faculty of discriminate intelligence,
employing which, one could identify
and overcome inlaid frailties, and lay
the ground for a better tomorrow. Such
people, instead of owning responsibility,

*XUXOHDGVPLQGIXOFRQGXFW

put the blame on destiny.


The scattering minds are randomly
breeding and flirting with myriad
thoughts like a monkey, unmindfully
jumping from one branch of the tree to
the other. They invariably remain
trapped in a thought-mesh. In fact, over
a period of time, they gather a bag-full
of inconsequential and negative
thoughts not leaving enough of mindspace to process fresh thoughts objectively. So, invariably they remain
trapped in their past habits and perceptions, not able to pace up with the callings of emerging times. They are not
able to set their priorities right. For
want of focus, they fail to take the tasks
in hand to a logical conclusion. They
may unmindfully get into too many
things at a time and leave them halfway.
Mindlessly, they keep moving on their
instinct, and in the process end up misdirecting most of their energies towards
unproductive ends. Because they fail to
apply proper forethought, unmindfully
they often get caught up by tempting
influences of the seeming world. And
seldom do they remain conscious about
exploring the underlying truth. They,
thus, become vulnerable to become victim of their own making. The question

now is: How to control the monkey-mind?


The obvious way forward is to
reengineer the mind afresh. And given
the immense mind-power, one could
very well do it if we consciously put into
act our power of freewill. But it is easier
said than done as there remains a rider.
Habits die hard. In fact, many carry the
mistaken belief that ones inherent nature
is beyond change. Also, it is very difficult
for ego-centric beings to acknowledge
their own fault lines by themselves.
Here comes the role of a proven
Guru. He first establishes rapport with
the disciple. Towards the next step, he
shows him his true face in the mirror
and then leads him through to address
the inlaid habit tendencies. In the
process he makes you clear off the clutters of mind and all the memory
imprints accountable for habit and negative tendencies. The preconditioning of
the mind and habit tendencies thus by
and large addressed, the immediate
benefit one accrues is that indwelling
positives begin outflowing unhindered.
Having thus created enough of mindspace, the disciple becomes ready for
fresh enquiry and input. Towards the
next step the process of honing and
sharpening ones intelligence through
meditative exercise begins.

Simultaneously, the disciples are


given lessons in the fundamentals of life
as also the ones that induce positive
virtues. In the process the disciple has
to train his mind to remain centered to
one or the other imagery, simultaneously self reflecting on the values it portrays. Once trained into the process, the
faculty could be as well employed
towards other preferred destinations to
facilitate success with ease and comfort.
It is for the above reasons that
Ashadha Purnima has been dedicated in
the annual calendar to offer tributes to the
Guru that falls on the 31st of this month.
I have myself been a beneficiary of
having the patronage of a realised Guru
who helped me contain my scattered
mind, as would Mercury ill-placed to
Rahu and Neptune imply. The ego, as
pointed out by Marss aspect to Jupiter,
has been tempered and given a positive
turn. It is on the strength of this training that I am able to guide people.
With these words I offer my salutation
to my revered Guru and all such others.

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