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2012

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2

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17

11%

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2012

A Study on Soil and Groundwater Pollution Potential


Ching-Ho Chen1, Wei-Lin Liu2, Ing-Jia Chiou2, Chieh-Ting Yang1, Ji-Feng
Liu1, Rong-Wei Wang1, Kang-Miao Cheng3, Shi-Feng Guo1, Yen-Hung
Chen1
1

Department of Social and Regional Development, National Taipei


University of Education, Taipei City, 106, Taiwan
2
Department of Environmental Technology and Management, Taoyuan
Innovation Institute of Technology, Chung-Li City, 320, Taiwan
3
Department of Geography, National Taiwan University, Taipei City, 106,
Taiwan

Abstract
Soil and groundwater pollution potential is an important reference for the
prevention of pollution events. However, the pollution sources were mainly considered
for potential assessment and the regional soil and groundwater pollution potential was
seldom considered. The purpose of this study is to develop an assessment methodology
with spatial information to effectively assess the regional soil and groundwater pollution
potential. Based on systems thinking, related factors of soil and groundwater pollution
in an area are considered as a complete system and an assessment indicator system is
developed in this study. This proposed indicator system involves 17 indicators in four
dimensions: potential pollution sources, soil and groundwater pollution, transmission
pathways, land and groundwater uses. Taoyuan County is used as a case study. This
study collects related data and uses Geographic Information System (GIS) to analyze
these data for calculating the indicator values. One indicator isnt evaluated because the
required data cant be obtained in this case. Assessment results based on collected data
show that there are no serious or high pollution potentials in Taoyuan County. 11% of
the total grids are medium pollution potential. The potentials of the rest grids are low,
slight, or very low. The dimension of land and groundwater uses is the most important
influence for the medium pollution potential regions, and the next influence is the
dimension of potential pollution sources. This study must estimate some data of regions
and items during assessment process because the data from various authorities are not
complete. Therefore, the assessment results in this study may be higher than the actual
pollution potentials of Taoyuan County. However, this study focuses on developing
methodology and verifying the proposed methodology by case study. Therefore, the
authorities should investigate and establish the complete data to practically assess the
pollution potentials. The proposed methodology is expected to be used as bases to the
authorities for soil and groundwater pollution management.
Keywords: soil and groundwater pollution, pollution potential assessment
indicators, systems thinking, geographic information system

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1.

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17
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2012

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2012

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2012

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2012

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[6] 2011 25 [7] 2011


35 Add XY data GIS 3
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3 (20112011
)

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4 (2011
2011)

5
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2012

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29

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2012

4.

17

11%
56% 30%
3%

(2012)
http://sgw.epa.gov.tw/public/index.asp
[2] Chen, C. H., and I. J. Chiou. (2008). Remediation of Heavy-metal-contaminated
Farm Soil Using Turnover and Attenuation Method Guided with a Sustainable
Management Framework. Environmental Engineering Science, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp.
11-32.
[3] Chen, C. H., R. S. Wu, W. L. Liu, W. R. Sue, and Y. M. Chang. (2009). Development
of a Methodology for Strategic Environmental Assessment: Application to the
Assessment of Golf Course Installation Policy in Taiwan. Environmental
Management, Vol. 43, pp. 166-188.
[4] Chen, C. H., W. L. Liu, and S. L. Liaw. (2011). Integrated dynamic policy
management methodology and system for Strategic Environmental Assessment of
golf course installation policy in Taiwan, Environmental Impact Assessment
Review, Vol. 31, pp. 66-76.
[1]

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[5] Chen, C. H., W. L. Liu, I. J. Chiou, and S. L. Liaw. (2012). Integrated Management
Methodology for Sustainability and Land Use of a River Basin. Applied Mechanics
and Materials. Vol. 121-126, pp 2789-2793.
[6] (2011)
http://gis.epa.gov.tw/LayerListn.aspx
[7] (2011)
http://labweb.tyepb.gov.tw/03/left_0304.aspx
[8] (2011)
[9] (2012)

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