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Engineering Models 2 Homework 1 University of Cincinnati

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Problem 1: Arithmetic Operations with Arrays

Determine whether or not the following matrix operations are allowable or not. If the operation

is not allowable, indicate this. Otherwise, provide the result. Do these by hand.

(a)

4 8 1 5 2 6

+

2 a 3

b 7 1

][

(b)

][

(c)

[ ]

(d)

[ ][ ]

(e)

4 8 1 5 2 6

2 a 3

b 7 1

1

[ 4 5 3 ]

2

5

2

3 6

0

0

9

6

5

2+ b a+7 4

1

10 7

2b a7 2

4

5

3

8 10 6

Not allowable

][

2 0

4 0

3 5

5 3

x

y

8

0

2 x

37 15 3 x+ 5 y

Write each of the following systems of equations in matrix form: Ax = b. Then determine

whether or not each of the following systems of linear equations has a unique solution. If there

is a unique solution, find it. Include all MATLAB commands.

(a)

r +2 s +3 t=1

2 r +6 s+2 t=1

10 s+ 8 t=3

Matrix Equation:

1

2 3

2 6 2

0 10 8

] [] [ ]

r

s

t

1

1

3

Unique Solution?

A=[1,2,3;-2,6,2;0,10,8];

b=[1;-1;3];

det(A)

ans=0

No Unique Solution

(b)

qr +2 s +3 t=1

2 q+ 4 r + 6 s+ 2t=1

7 q3 r +4 s+ 4 t=2

3 q5 s+ 10t =2

Matrix Equation:

1 1 2

2 4

6

7 3 4

3

0 5

3

2

4

10

] [] [ ]

q

r

s

t

1

1

2

2

Unique Solution?

Yes

q=0.0085, r=-0.3627, s=0.0104, t=0.2027

A=[1,-1,2,3;-2,4,6,2;7,-3,4,4;3,0,-5,10];

b=[1;-1;2;2];

det(A)

inv(A)*b

det(A)=-1056

inv(A)*b=

0.0085

-0.3627

0.0104

0.2027

Problem 3: Resultant Force

Consider the following three forces:

(a) Resolve each force into an x-component and y-component. Fill in the table below. Show

your work!

F1x=10*cosd(50) F1y=10*sind(50)

F2x=25*cosd(160)

F2y=25*sind(70)

F1x=6.4279 N

F2x=-23.4923 N

F2y=8.5505 N

F1y=7.6604 N

F3x=60*cosd(-120)

F3y=60*sind(-120)

F3x=-30 N

F3y=-51.9615 N

Force

F1

F2

F3

x-component

6.428 N

-23.4923 N

-30 N

y-component

7.660 N

8.5505 N

-51.9615 N

(b) Calculate the resultant force in rectangular form and polar form. Show your work and

include units in your answers!

Rectangular

Fx=6.428-23.4923-30

Fy=7.660+8.5505-51.962

Fx=-47.0644 N

Fy=-35.7506 N

Polar

r=sqrt((-47.0644)^2 + (-35.7506)^2)

r=59.1030 N

theta=arctan(-35.7506/-47.0644)

theta=37.2207 +180

theta=217.2207

Fx = __-47.0644 N______

Fy = ___-35.7506 N_____

o

Resultant Force (Polar Form): _____59.1030 217.2207 N

____________________________

(c) Plot the three individual forces and the resultant force in MATLAB (all on the same plot).

Paste your plot and your MATLAB commands in the space below.

Force Diagram

Force 1

Force 2

Force 3

Resultant

50

40

30

y-component

20

10

0

-10

-20

-30

-40

-50

-50

-40

-30

-20

-10

0

10

x-component

20

30

40

50

F1=[10*cosd(50), 10*sind(50)];

F2=[25*cosd(160), 25*sind(160)];

F3=[60*cosd(-120), 60*sind(-120)];

R=[(F1(1)+F2(1)+F3(1)), (F1(2)+F2(2)+F3(2))];

plot([0 F1(1)],[0 F1(2)],'r-o',[0 F2(1)],[0 F2(2)],'k-o',[0 F3(1)],[0

F3(2)],'g-o',[0 R(1)],[0 R(2)],'b-o','LineWidth',4)

xlim([R(1)-5 -R(1)+5]); ylim([F3(2)-5 -F3(2)+5])

grid; xlabel('x-component'); ylabel('y-component'); title('Force Diagram')

legend('Force 1','Force 2','Force 3','Resultant')

Problem 4: Statics

Write the force balance equations for the diagram shown below that represents an object hanging

from two wires. Then write the equations in matrix form (Ax = b) and use MATLAB to solve for

the tension (T1 and T2) in the two wires. Show your work and include units in your answers!

T1

20o

T2

52o

W = 35 lbs

-T1x+T2x=0

1 =90+20=110o

2 =90-58=32o

T1y+T2y-35=0

T1cos(110o) + T2cos(32o)=0

T1sin(110o) + T2sin(32o) - 35=0

A=[cosd(110) cosd(32);sind(110) sind(32)];

b=[0; 35];

inv(A)*b

T2=12.3281 32o lbs

A student in a circuits class writes mesh equations for the circuit shown below and now must

solve for the unknown currents (I1, I2, I3, and I4).

3.6 ( I 2I 1 ) +2 I 2+1.1 ( I 2I 4 )=12

1 ( I 3I 1 ) + 4.7 ( I 3I 4 ) +8.1 I 3=9

4.7 ( I 4 I 3 ) +1.1 ( I 4 I 2 ) +2.2 I 4=0

(a) Write the equations in matrix form and use MATLAB to solve for all four currents. The units

for the currents will be in milliamps (mA). Show all of your MATLAB commands and

results.

A=[(4.7+3.6+1),-3.6,-1,0;-3.6,(3.6+2+1.1),0,-1.1;-1,0,(1+4.7+8.1),-4.7;0,1.1,-4.7,(4.7+1.1+2.2)];

b=[0;-12;9;0];

inv(A)*b

ans =

-0.7872

-2.2045

0.6149

0.0582

I1=-0.7872 mA

I2=-2.2045 mA

I3=0.6149 mA

I4=0.0582 mA

(b) Find the current through the 3.6 k resistor and find the voltage drop across the 3.6 k

resistor. Show your calculations and include units in your answers.

Current = 1.4173 mA

Voltage drop

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