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Table of Contents

Invertebrates

Fish

Ampullariidae: apple snail....8

Amiidae: bowfin.12

Anisoptera: dragonflies (larva).2

Antherinidae: silversides12

Belostomatidae: giant water bug (adult).....9

Callichthyidae: armored catfish13

Bivalva: bivalves...3

Centrarchidae: sunfish...14-20

Cambaridae: crayfish.4

Clariidae: air breathing catfish..27

Coenagrionidae : damselfly (larva).......5

Cichlidae: cichlids, tilapia..21-26

Corbiculidae: Asian clam...3

Cyprinidae: minnows, shiners27

Dytiscidae: predaceous diving beetle (adult),

Cyprinodontidae: pupfish..28

water tiger (larva)..6

Elassomatidae: pygmy sunfish.28

Ephemeroptera: mayfly (larva)....7

Fundulidae: topminnows..29-30

Gastropoda: snails.8

Ictaluridae: freshwater catfish..30

Gyrinidae: whirligig waterbeetle (adult)..7

Lepisosteidae: gar..31

Heteroptera: true bugs (adult).9-10

Loricariidae: South American armored catfish31

Hirudinea: leech11

Percidae: perch, darters.32

Naucoridae: alligator flea (adult).10

Poeciliidae : livebearers, mollies, mosquitofish33-34

Nepidae: water scorpion (adult)...10

Palaemonidae: grass shrimp.11


Physidae: physid snail...8

Amphibians

Planorbidae: planorbid snail.....8

Amphiumidae: amphiumas...35

Sphaeriidae: fingernail clam..3

Salamandridae: newts, salamanders.....35

Unionidae: freshwater mussel...3

Sirenidae: sirens..36

Invertebrates

Anisoptera order
Unidentified dragonfly larva: ANIS
Common name: Dragonfly

Caudal gills: three short points

Aeshnidae (larva): AESCH


Common name: Darner

Cigar-shaped/cylindrical body

Mouth parts: flat (a)


Native

Gomphidae (larva): GOMPH


Common name: Clubtail

Tapered abdomen

Mouthparts: flat, short (a)


Native

Libellulidae (larva): LIBEL


Common name: Skimmer

Wide, flattened body

Mouth parts: spoon shaped (a)


Native

Invertebrates

Bivalva class

Unionidae: UNION
Common name: Freshwater mussel

Color: native mussels (spikes) are dark brown; others may


be yellow, green, or tan and have rays or other pigmented
patterns.

Protective outer coating often peels off apex of shell


(umbo) on older individuals, revealing white calcium underneath

Sphaeriidae: SPHAE
Common name: Fingernail clam

Average length: 2-10 mm

Shell color: cream to slightly rosy

Growth rings very small and close together, making the shell feel
smooth.

Exotic

Corbicula fluminea: CORFLU


Common name: Asian clam

Average length: 35-50 mm

Shell is thick, strong

Growth rings widely spaced, visible ridges. Rough when scratched


with fingernail.

Usually dark brown/blackish


Exotic

Invertebrates

Cambaridae family

Unidentified Procambarus: PROSPP

Headlights: two dark pectoral spots

Procambarus alleni: PROALL

Common name: Everglades crayfish/Florida crayfish

Common name: Everglades crayfish/Florida crayfish

Sexable at 5 mm:

Compare to: Procambarus fallax (no headlights)

a.

Annulus between last set of walking legs

b.

Pleopods before first swimmerets

Native

Compare to: Procambarus alleni (has headlights)

Procambarus fallax: PROALL

Native

Common name: Slough crayfish


Sexable at 5 mm:
a.

:Annulus between last set of walking legs

b.

:Pleopods before first set of swimmerets

Invertebrates

Coenagrionidae family

Compare with: Anisoptera, Ephemeroptera (compare


caudal gills)

Coenagrionidae (larva): COENA


Common name: Narrow-winged damselfly

Caudal gills: 3 long, feather-like appendages on apex


of abdomen

Body: slender, with head being the widest part

Native

Coleoptera order
Unknown adult Coleoptera: COLEOA
*NOTE: Use this code for unknown specimens and for all families below that do not have a unique code. Include family name in the notes.
Noteridae: burrowing water beetles

tiny, orange-brown oval body

<0.01 g
Native

Hydrophilidae: water scavenger beetles

Large spine along length of the thorax (in some)

Underside: keeled cross section has a V shape

Antennae: clubbed (can be hidden in margins of head make sure you are looking at antennae and not maxillary
palps)

Compare to: Dytiscidae (compare underside, antennae)


Native

Invertebrates

Coleoptera order

Unknown adult Dytiscidae: DYTICSPP


Common name: Predaceous diving beetle

Underside: smooth, gently sloping

Antennae: filamentous (can be hidden in margins of head make sure you are looking at antennae and not maxillary
palps)

Compare with: Hydrophilidae (compare antennae)

Cybister spp.: CYBIS (adult), CYBISL (larva)

Larva: CYBISL

Common name: Predaceous diving beetle (adult), water


tiger (larva)

Jaws: smooth sickle-shaped pincers, project like horizontal fangs in front of head

Adult: CYBIS

Long, tapered body


Legs: 5-segmented with 2 claws at end of each

Largest Coleoptera

Yellow/orange margins on black body

Rusty swimming setae on back tarsi

Compare with: Hydrophilidae larva (jaws toothed, legs


have 4 segments)
Native

Compare with: Hydrophilidae, other Dytiscidae

Invertebrates

Coleoptera order
Gyrinus spp. (adult): GYRIN
Common name: whirligig water beetle

Eyes: two pairs, one dorsal and one ventral pair

Head blunt, no beak

Legs: front tarsi fold in fanlike zigzag, meso- and metathoracic legs short
and very flat

Compare with: other Coleoptera (one pair of eyes)


Native

Ephemeroptera order

Ephemeroptera (larva): EPHEM

Claws: one at the end of each leg

Common name: mayfly

Wingpads on thorax

Tails: Three, filamentous

Gills: short filaments or flat plates on lateral portion


of abdominal sections
Native

Compare to: Damselfly larva (Coenagrionidae; caudal gills


feathery, flat)

Invertebrates

Gastropoda class
Physella spp.: PHYSA
Common name: Physid snail

Sinistral shell opens to the left (left-handed)

No operculum
Planorbella spp.: PLANS
Common name: Planorbid snail

Shell concave on both sides, coiled like a rams horn (orbits within the same spatial plane)

Sinistral/left-handed

No operculum

Pomacea paludosa: POMA


Common name: : Florida apple snail

Largest native North American freshwater gastropod

Shell: striped with wide whorls, narrow aperture, depressed spire

Operculum present
Native

Unidentified snail: UNIDSNAIL

Invertebrates

Heteroptera order: Belostomatidae family

Belostoma spp. (adult): BELOS

Legs: tibia and tarsus of mid and hind similar

Common name: giant water bug

Hemelytron (forewing): larger transparent area

Smaller in size than Lethocerus (18-25 mm)

Beak: basal segment subequal to second segment

Compare with: Lethocerus


Native

Lethocerus spp. (adult): LETHO

Hind legs: tibia and tarsus flattened and wider than tibia and tarsus of middle leg

One large and one reduced claw on foreleg

Common name: toe-biter

Largest waterbugs in Florida (>40 mm length)

Beak: basal segment about half as long as second segment

Compare with: Belostoma


Native

Invertebrates

Heteroptera order

Naucoridae family

Pelocoris femoratus (adult): NAUCO


Common name: Alligator flea

Dorsoventrally flattened body

Antennae: 4 segments, not visible from above

Eyes: lines drawn along inner margins of eyes and continued down length of body converge anteriorly

Fore legs: raptoral, with huge femora


Native

Nepidae family

raptorial

Ranatra spp. (adult): RANATRA


Common name: Water scorpion

Elongate, stick-like body

Antennae: shorter than length of head, originate


below eyes, not visible from above

Legs: all with one tarsal segment, front legs

Long, nonretractile, cylindrical siphon at apex of


abdomen
Native

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Invertebrates

Heteroptera order

Unidentified Heteroptera (adult): HETER


Common name: true bug

Mouthparts: beak or cone that folds under head when not in use

Wings: forewings leathery and opaque at base, membranous and translucent or transparent toward edges;
hindwings membranous and transparent. Fold flat at rest, forming an X on back

Body often flattened


1

Hirudinea family
Hirudinae: HIRUD
Common name: Leech

Suckers: two on underside, one in the front and one in the back end of the
body

Variable number of eyespots in the first few body segments

Variable colors, patterns


Native

Palaemonidae family

Palaemonetes paludosus: PALPAL

Snout ends in notched spike reaching far past eyes

Common name: Grass shrimp

Color: grey to transparent, often turn pink when


frozen

Body cylindrical, abdomen often curled under

Legs: 5 pairs walking legs, small hinged claws on


ends of 1st 2 pairs

Native

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Fish

Amiidae family

Amia calva: AMICAL


Common name: bowfin

Tubular nostrils

Long, cylindrical body

Large, bony gular plate

Dorsal fin extends more than half the length of back

Black spot near upper base of caudal fin (in young)

Mouth: large, extends past eye; many teeth

Native

Antherinidae family

Labidesthes sicculus: LABSIC


Common name: brook silverside

Anal fin: long, sickle-shaped


Pectoral fins stick out

Long, narrow snout

Black, horizontal stripe down length of body

Dorsal fins: two; first starts directly above start of


anal fin

Compare to: Menidia beryllina (compare position of 1st


dorsal fin)
Native

12

Fish

Callichthyidae family

Hoplosternum littorale: HOPLIT


Common name: Brown hoplo

Hard, armored exterior

Barbels: 4 pairs

Adipose fin present, with spine at front

Compare with: Bullheads (Ameiurus spp.), Tadpole madtom, Orinoco sailfin catfish, Walking catfish (Clarius
batrachus)
Exotic

13

Fish

Centrarchidae key
Native Sunfish: Adapted from Loftus and Kushlan 1986

Rounded tail?

Suborbital bar?

Enneacanthus gloriosus (ENNGLO)

YES

NO
Lepomis gulosus (LEPGUL)
Large mouth (corner of
jaws comes back to
middle of eye)?

YES

Lepomis macrochirus (LEPMAC)

NO
Pectoral fin long and
pointed, reaching to/
beyond 3rd anal spine?

YES

Opercular spot black, including margins?

Black spot toward rear end


of dorsal fin?

Gill rakers long and slender?

Opercular spot with light or


red margins?

No black spot on dorsal fin?

NO

Body and subopercle have dark


specks?

Rhomboidal body?

Gill rakers short but touching


each other?

YES
Lepomis microlophus (LEPMIC)

YES
Lepomis punctatus (LEPPUN)

YES

Lepomis marginatus (LEPMAR)

Body has a few brown specks,


subopercle unspotted?
Gill rakers very short and stubby,
not touching each other?

14

YES

Fish

Centrarchidae family
Lepomis spp: LEPSPP

Dorsoventrally compressed shape

Common name: unknown sunfish

Emarginate tail

Compare with: Cichlidae family, especially tilapia


(Oreochromis, Tilapia, Cichlasoma)

Dark opercular tab

Enneacanthus gloriosis: ENNGLO


Common name: bluespotted sunfish

Black spot on operculum

Dark suborbital bar (sometimes faint, especially in small individuals)

Caudal fin less emarginated than other sunfish

Light spots on unpaired fins

Compare to:

Other Centrarchidae

Tilapia: also have black opercular tab, but always have dark spot on soft dorsal when small.

Native

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Fish

Centrarchidae family

Lepomis gulosus: LEPGUL


Common name: warmouth

Black spot on operculum

Mouth large, extends past anterior margin of eye

Emarginate tail

Compare to:

Other Centrarchidae

Tilapia: also have black opercular tab, but always have dark spot on soft dorsal when small.
Native

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Fish

Centrarchidae family

Lepomis macrochirus: LEPMAC


Common name: bluegill sunfish

Black opercular tab

Pectoral fin long and pointed, reaching to/past 3rd anal spine

Black spot on soft dorsal fin

Emarginate tail

Compare to: Other Centrarchidae, Tilapia (have black opercular tab, but always have dark spot on soft dorsal when
small)
Native

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Fish

Centrarchidae family

Lepomis marginatus: LEPMAR


Common name: Dollar sunfish

Smallest Lepomis in South Florida

Black opercular tab with light margins

Pectoral fin short and rounded

Emarginate tail

Pry back operculum (a) to see gill rakers (b): short and stubby, not touching each other

Compare to: Lepomis punctatus (compare gill rakers), other Centrarchidae, tilapia (have black opercular tab, but
always have dark spot on soft dorsal when small)
Native

18

Fish

Centrarchidae family

Lepomis microlophus: LEPMIC


Common name: redear sunfish

Black opercular tab with red or light margin

Pectoral fin long and pointed

Emarginate tail

Gill rakers long, touching each other (b)

Compare to: Lepomis marginatus (compare gill rakers) other Centrarchidae, tilapia (have black opercular tab, but
always have dark spot on soft dorsal when small)
Native

19

Fish

Centrarchidae family

Lepomis punctatus: LEPPUN


Common name: spotted sunfish

Black opercular tab

Pectoral fin short and rounded

Emarginate tail

Pry back operculum (a) to see gill rakers (b): long, touching each other

Compare to: Lepomis marginatus (compare gill rakers). other Centrarchidae, tilapia (have black opercular tab, but
always have dark spot on soft dorsal when small)
Native

20

Fish

Cichlidae family

Astronotus ocellatus: ASTOCE


Common name: Oscar

Body color: dark/black with bright orange on opercular margin and scattered on sides

Mouth: large with thick lips

1st gill arch without lobe

Bases of dorsal and anal fins densely scaled

Often large black blotch with orange margin on base of caudal fin

Compare to: other Cichlidae


Exotic

21

Fish

Cichlidae family

Cichlasoma bimaculatum: CICBIM


Common name: black acara

Dark blotches along side extend onto opercle

6-7 olive or brown vertical bars on side

Large black spot on side

Black spot on upper base of caudal fin

Compare to: other Cichlidae


Exotic

22

Fish

Cichlidae family

Cichlasoma urophthalmus: CICURO


Common name: Mayan cichlid

5-7 dark vertical bars on side

Pointed snout

Black spot on upper base of caudal fin

Compare to: Other Cichlidae


Exotic

23

Fish

Cichlidae family

Hemichromis letourneuxi: HEMLET

Common name: African jewelfish

Fins: rounded caudal fin, rounded end of dorsal and anal fins

Black blotch on side, slightly more than halfway down the length of the body

Smaller black spots on opercular tab and on base of caudal fin

Compare to: Other Cichlidae


Exotic

24

Fish

Cichlidae family

Oreochromis aureus: OREAUR


Common name: blue tilapia

Corners of large oblique mouth reaches under eye

Narrow dark vertical bars on side

12-15 dorsal rays

Black opercular tab

Black spot on dorsal fin

Compare to: Tilapia mariae, Centrarchidae family


Exotic

25

Fish

Cichlidae family

Tilapia mariae: TILMAR


Common name: spotted tilapia

6-9 dark blotches/bars on side that continue onto dorsal fin

Black opercular tab

Black spot on dorsal fin

Compare to: Oreochromis aureus, Centrarchidae (Sunfish: also have black opercular tab, but lack dorsal fin spot)
Exotic

26

Fish

Clariidae family

a
Clarius batrachus: CLABAT

Common name: walking catfish

Long dorsal and anal fins

Rounded caudal fin

4 pairs barbels

Stiffened gill rakers and inflatable pectoral cavity for Aquatic Surface Respiration, shown taking a breath (a)

Compare with: Ameiurus spp. (bullheads),


channel catfish, Orinoco sailfin catfish
Exotic

Cyprinidae family

Notemigonus crysoleucas: NOTCRY

Strongly decurved lateral line

Common name: golden shiner

Herringbone lines (on young)

Mouth: small, upturned

Falcate anal fin

Native

27

Fish

Cyprinodontidae family

Jordanella floridae: JORFLO

Long dorsal fin

Common name: Florida flagfish

Dark suborbital bar

Sexable at 20 mm: Females and juveniles have large dark Compare with: Sheepshead minnow (Cyprinodon variespot with transparent margins on end of dorsal fin (spot gatus), Pirate perch (Aphredoderus sayanus), Everglades
pygmy sunfish (Elassoma evergladei)
absent on males)

Large black spot halfway down length of side

Native
1

Elassomatidae family

Elassoma evergladei: ELAEVE

7-12 dark bars on side

Common name: Everglades pygmy sunfish

Body color: very dark/black (males) or lighter brown


(females)

Upturned mouth with protruding lower jaw

Round dorsal fin

2 cream-colored spots on caudal fin base

Compare to: Young flagfish (Jordanella floridae), pirate


perch (Aphredoderus sayanus)
Native

28

Fish

Fundulidae family

Fundulus chrysotus: FUNCHR


Common name: Golden topminnow

Rounded caudal fin

Dorsal fin originates behind origin of anal fin

Sometimes light to dark vertical bands on sides (males)

Fundulus confluentus: FUNCON


Common name: Marsh killifish

Rounded caudal fin

Dorsal fin originates directly above origin of anal fin

Dark spot on end of dorsal fin (may be absent in males


and juveniles)

Compare with: Marsh killifish (Fundulus confluentus; compare dorsal/anal fin origins), Seminole killifish (Fundulus
seminolis; compare dorsal/anal fin origins), mosquitofish
(Gambusia holbrooki; crosshatching, suborbital bar) when
small
Native

Compare with: Golden topminnow (Fundulus chrysotus; compare dorsal/anal fin origins), Seminole killifish (Fundulus
seminolis; compare dorsal/anal fin origins), mosquitofish
(Gambusia holbrooki; suborbital bar, crosshatching) when
small
Native

29

Fish

Fundulidae family

Lucania goodei: LUCGOO

Tail rounded

Common name: Bluefin killifish

Dorsal fin origin in front of anal fin origin

Thick black borders on dorsal and Compare to: Coastal and taillight shiners (Notropis petersoni, maculatus; forked tails), rainwater killifish (L. parva; no black line), least killifish (Heterandria formosa;
Thick black horizontal line on side with crosshatchblack spot on dorsal fin base)
ing, from snout to base of caudal fin
Native
Sexable at 18 mm:
anal fins

Ictaluridae family

Compare to: Brown bullhead (A. nebulosis; dark chin barbels), walking catfish (Clarius batrachus; long dorsal fin, no
adipose fin)

Ameiurus natalis: AMENAT


Common name: yellow bullhead

Barbels: 4 pairs, chin barbels white or pale yellow

Free adipose fin

Long anal fin, often with dark stripe in middle

Caudal fin: straight or rounded

NOTE: VENEMOUS FIN SPINES, HANDLE WITH


CARE
Native

30

Fish

Lepisosteidae family

Lepisosteus platyrhincus: LEPPLA

Caudal fin: rounded

Common name: Florida gar

Dorsal and anal fins far back on body

Snout: long, with prominent teeth

Scales: do not overlap, diamond-shaped ganoid

Compare to: Chain and redfin pickerels (Esox americanus,


E. niger: wider, duckbill-lshaped snout), pike killifish
(Belonesox belizanus: compare anal fin origins)

Loricariidae

Pterygoplichthys spp.: PTESPP


Common name: Sailfin catfish

Armored: bony plates covering body

Barbels: 2 pairs

Adipose fin: free, with a spine at front

Dorsal fin: spine at front

Compare with: Brown hoplo (Hoplosternum littorale; 4


pairs barbels)
Exotic

31

Fish

Percidae family

Etheostoma fusiforme: ETHFUS


Common name: swamp darter

Dorsal fins: 2

Caudal fin: 3 dark spots at base

Suborbital bar

Dark mottling

Slender, compressed body


Native

32

Fish

Poeciliidae family

Compare to: Sailfin molly (Poecilia lattipinna; no black


spots on fins, compare dorsal fin shape), golden topminnow (Fundulus chrysotus; no crosshatching or suborbital
bar), pirate perch (Aphredodoerus sayanus; dark bar at
base of caudal fin, large head and mouth)

Gambusia holbrooki: GAMHOL


Common name: Eastern mosquitofish
Sexable at 17 mm:

Gonopodium

Dark suborbital bar

Dorsal and caudal fins: 1-2 rows of black spots

Crosshatching on body due to dark scale borders

Native

Compare with: Gar (Lepisosteus spp.; compare anal fin


origins), Chain and redfin pickerels (Esox americanus, E.
niger: wider, duckbill-lshaped snout),

Belonesox belizanus: BELBEL


Common name: Pike killifish

Jaws: long, forming beaklike snout, large teeth

Caudal fin: rounded, with large black spot at base

Dorsal fin origin behind anal fin origin (not pictured


well)

Several rows of dark spots on side

Exotic

33

Fish

Poecilidae family

Heterandria formosa: HETFOR

Dorsal fin: dark spot

Common name: Least killifish

Dark, variable blotches on sides

Sexable at 10 mm:
anal fin base

Gonopodium;

Black spot on

Compare to: Bluefin killifish (Lucania goodei; lacks dark


spots at bases of dorsal, caudal, and anal fins)

Dark horizontal stripe from snout to caudal fin, ending in dark spot at caudal fin base

Native

Compare to: Eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki;


compare dorsal fins), Florida flagfish (Jordanella floridae;
dark blotch ~ halfway down side), pirate perch
(Aphredodoerus sayanus; dark bar at base of caudal fin,
large head and mouth)

Poecilia latipinna: POELAT


Common name: Sailfin molly

Sexable at 18 mm:

Gonopodium

Head: top flattened, ending in small point at mouth

Mouth strongly upturned

Dark spots : ~5 horizontal rows along body

Caudal fin: rounded or square

Native

34

Amphibians

Amphiumidae family

Compare with: Siren (Siren spp.; >2 toes on each foot, external gills)

Amphiuma means: AMPMEA


Common name: Two-toed Amphiuma

Gills: not visible externally

Legs: 4, each with 2 toes

NOTE: measure Total Length


Native

Salamandridae family

Notophthalmus viridiscens: NOTVIR


Common name: Eastern newt/Peninsula newt

Body color: olive green back and tail, yellow stomach with black specks

Toes: 4 on front feet, 5 on back feet

Flattened tail

Young look like tadpoles with four legs and feathery gills

NOTE: measure Snout-Vent length


Native

35

Amphibians

Sirenidae family

Siren lacertina, intermedia: SIREN

Pseudobranchus axanthus: SIREN

Common name: Greater siren

Common name: Everglades dwarf siren

External, feathery gills

External, feathery gills

Toes: 4 on front feet (a)

Toes: 3 on front feet (b)

Average length: 62-77 cm

Average length: 12-19 cm

Compare with: Everglades pygmy siren (Pseudobranchus Compare with: Greater siren (Siren lacertina: larger, 4
axanthus: much smaller, 3 toes), Two-toed Amphiuma
toes), Greater Amphiuma (Amphiuma means; no exter(Amphiuma means; no external gills)
nal gills)
Native

NOTE: Both Sirenidae species are recorded with SIREN


code, but record full genus species name in notes
Native

36

Appendix

Native species

Ameiurus natalis

AMENAT

Yellow bullhead

Lethocerus spp.

LETHO

Toebiter

Amia calva

AMICAL

Bowfin

Lucania goodei

LUCGOO

Bluefin killifish

Amphiuma means

AMPMEA Two-toed amphiuma

Notemigonus
crysoleucas

NOTCRY

Golden shiner

Belostoma spp.

BELOS

Giant waterbug

NOTVIR

Peninsula newt

Cybister spp.

CYBIS,
CYBISL

Predaceous diving beetle

Notophthalmus
viridiscens

PALPAL

Grass shrimp

ELAEVE

Everglades pygmy sunfish

Palaemonetes
paludosus

Elassoma evergladei

Enneacanthus gloriosis ENNGLO

Blue-spotted
sunfish

Etheostoma fusiforme

ETHFUS

Swamp darter

Fundulus chrysotus

FUNCHR

Golden topminnow

Fundulus confluentus
Gambusia holbrooki

FUNCON

Pelocoris femoratus NAUCO

Alligator flea

Planorbella spp.

Planorbid snail

PLANS

Poecilia latipinna POELAT

Sailfin molly

Pomacea paludosa POMA

Florida apple
snail

Procambarus
alleni

PROALL

Everglades crayfish

Procambarus
fallax

PROFAL

Slough crayfish
Everglades dwarf
siren

Marsh killifish

GAMHOL Eastern mosquitofish

Gyrinus spp.

GYRIN

Whirligig beetle

Heterandria formosa

HETFOR

Least killifish

Pseudobranchus
axanthus

SIREN

Jordanella floridae

JORFLO

Florida flagfish

Ranatra spp.

RANATRA Water scorpion

Labidesthes sicculus

LABSIC

Brook silverside

Siren lacertina

SIREN

Lepisosteus
platyrhincus

LEPPLA

Florida gar

Lepomis gulosus

LEPGUL

Warmouth

Lepomis macrochirus

LEPMAC

Bluegill sunfish

Lepomis marginatus

LEPMAR

Dollar sunfish

Lepomis microlophus

LEPMIC

Redear sunfish

Lepomis punctatus

LEPPUN

Spotted sunfish

37

Greater siren

Appendix

Exotic species
Astronotus ocellatus

ASTOCE

Oscar

Belonesox belizanus

BELBEL

Pike killifish

Cichlasoma bimaculatum

CICBIM

Black acara

Cichlasoma urophthalmus

CICURO

Mayan cichlid

Clarius batrachus

CLABAT

Walking catfish

Corbicula fluminea

CORFLU

Asian clam

Hemichromis letourneuxi

HEMLET

African jewelfish

Hoplosternum littorale

HOPLIT

Brown hoplo

Oreochromis aureus

OREAUR

OREAUR

Physella spp.

PHYSA

Physid snail

Pterygoplichthys spp.

PTESPP

Sailfin catfish

Tilapia mariae

TILMAR

Spotted tilapia

Sphaeriidae

SPHAE

Fingernail clam

38

Appendix

Sources

Bicy and Wost. Laboratory Manual. National Audubon Societys Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary.
Voshell, J. Reese. 2002. A Guide to Common Freshwater Invertebrates of North America. The McDonald
and Woodward Publishing Company, Blacksburg VA.
Barez, Philippe. Morphology Data of Astronotus ocellatus. Available online at: http://www.fishbase.org
2002. Nonnative freshwater fish. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Tallahassee, FL.
Available online at: http://myfwc.com/wildlifehabitats/nonnatives/freshwater-fish/

39

Appendix

Index: Latin names (CODES)

Aeshnidae (AESCH)...........2

Lepomis punctatus (LEPPUN).....................20

Ameiurus natalis (AMENAT)....30

Lethocerus spp. (LETHO)..............................9

Amia calva (AMICAL)......;12

Libellulidae (LIBEL).....................................2

Amphiuma means (AMPMEA)..35

Luciana goodei (LUCGOO)...........................30

Astronotus ocellatus (ASTOCE)...................21

Notemigonus crysoleucas (NOTCRY)...........27

Belonesox belizanus (BELBEL)............;......33

Notophthalmus viridiscens (NOTVIR)...35

Belostoma spp. (BELOS)..............................9

Oreochromis aureus (OREAUR)...................25

Cichlasoma bimaculatum (CICBIM).............22

Oligochaeta (OLIGO)...................................n/a

Hemichromis letourneuxi (HEMLET)..........24

Palaemonetes paludosus (PALPAL)..............11

Cichlasoma urophthalmus (CICURO)...........23

Pelocoris femoratus (NAUCO).......................10

Clarius batrachus (CLABAT)........................27

Physella spp. (PHYSA)..................................8

Coenagrionidae (COENA)..............................5

Planorbella spp. (PLANS)..............................8

Corbicula fluminea (CORFLU)......................3

Poecilia latipinna (POELAT).........................34

Cybister spp. (larva, CYBISL; adult,


DYTICSPP)..................................................6

Pomacea paludosa (POMA)............................8


Procambarus alleni (PROALL)......................4

Elassoma evergladei (ELAEVE)..................28

Procambarus fallax (PROFAL)......................4

Enneacanthus gloriosis (ENNGLO).............15

Pseudobranchus axanthus belli (PSEAXA)...36

Ephemeroptera (EPHEM)............................5

Pterygoplichthys spp. (PTESPP)..................31

Etheostoma fusiforme (ETHFUS)................32

Ranatra spp. (RANATRA)............................10

Fundulus chrysotus (FUNCHR)...................29

Siren lacertian/ intermedia (SIREN)..............36

Fundulus confluentus (FUNCON)................29

Sphaeriidae (SPHAE).....................................3

Gambusia holbrooki (GAMHOL)..................33

Tilapia mariae (TILMAR)..............................26

Gyrinus spp. (GYRIN)........7

Unionidae (UNION).......................................3

Heterandria formosa (HETFOR)..34

Unidentified bivalve (BIVALVE)...................3

Hirudinea (HIRUD)....................................11

Unidentified crayfish (PROSPP)....................4

Hoplosternum littorale (HOPLIT)...............13

Unidentified dragonfly larva (ANIS)...............2

Jordanella floridae (JORFLO).....................28

Unidentified fish (UNIDFISH).....................n/a

Labidesthes sicculus (LABSIC)....................12

Unidentified Heteroptera (HETER)..............11

Lepisosteus platyrhincus (LEPPLA)............31


Lepomis gulosus (LEPGUL).........................16

Unidentified invertebrate (UNIDINVERT)..n/a


Unidentified snail (UNIDSNAIL)...................8

Lepomis macrochirus (LEPMAC).................17

Unidentified larval fish (LARVAE)...............n/a

Lepomis marginatus (LEPMAR)..................18

Unidentified sunfish (LEPSPP).....................15

Lepomis microlophus (LEPMIC)..................19

Unidentified tadpole (UNIDTP)...................n/a

40

by Emily K. McCall