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BRITISH STANDARD

Safety of woodworking
machines Circular
sawing machines
Part 17: Manual horizontal cutting
cross-cut sawing machines with one
saw unit (manual radial arm saws)

The European Standard EN 1870-17:2007 has the status of a


British Standard

ICS 79.120.10

12&23<,1*:,7+287%6,3(50,66,21(;&(37$63(50,77('%<&23<5,*+7/$:

BS EN
1870-17:2007

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BS EN 1870-17:2007

National foreword
This British Standard was published by BSI. It is the UK implementation of
EN 1870-17:2007.
The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted to Technical Committee
MTE/23, Woodworking machines.
A list of organizations represented on MTE/23 can be obtained on request to its
secretary.
This publication does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users are responsible for its correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard cannot confer immunity from
legal obligations.

This British Standard was


published under the authority
of the Standards Policy and
Strategy Committee
on 30 March 2007

BSI 2007

ISBN 978 0 580 50402 0

Amendments issued since publication


Amd. No.

Date

Comments

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EUROPEAN STANDARD

EN 1870-17

NORME EUROPENNE
EUROPISCHE NORM

February 2007

ICS 79.120.10

English Version

Safety of woodworking machines - Circular sawing machines Part 17: Manual horizontal cutting cross-cut sawing machines
with one saw unit (manual radial arm saws)
Scurit des machines pour le travail du bois - Machines
scies circulaires - Partie 17: Trononneuses manuelles
coupe horizontale avec une unit de sciage (scies
circulaires radiales manuelles)

Sicherheit von Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen Kreissgemaschinen - Teil 17: Handbettigte waagerecht


schneidende Auslegerkreissgemaschinen mit einem
Sgeaggregat (handbettigte Radialsgen)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 4 February 2007.


CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the
official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

2007 CEN

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved


worldwide for CEN national Members.

B-1050 Brussels

Ref. No. EN 1870-17:2007: E

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

Contents

Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................4
0

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................5

Scope ......................................................................................................................................................6

Normative references ............................................................................................................................6

3
3.1
3.2

Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................8


General....................................................................................................................................................8
Definitions ..............................................................................................................................................8

List of significant hazards ..................................................................................................................11

5
5.1
5.2
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.2.3
5.2.4
5.2.5
5.2.6
5.3
5.3.1
5.3.2
5.3.3
5.3.4
5.3.5
5.3.6
5.3.7
5.4
5.4.1
5.4.2
5.4.3
5.4.4
5.4.5
5.4.6
5.4.7
5.4.8
5.4.9
5.4.10
5.4.11
5.4.12

Safety requirements and/or measures ..............................................................................................14


General..................................................................................................................................................14
Controls ................................................................................................................................................15
Safety and reliability of control systems...........................................................................................15
Position of controls .............................................................................................................................15
Starting .................................................................................................................................................16
Normal stopping ..................................................................................................................................16
Failure of the power supply ................................................................................................................17
Failure of the control circuits .............................................................................................................17
Protection against mechanical hazards ............................................................................................17
Stability .................................................................................................................................................17
Risk of break-up during operation .....................................................................................................17
Tool holder and tool design................................................................................................................18
Braking..................................................................................................................................................20
Workpiece supports and guides ........................................................................................................21
Prevention of access to moving parts...............................................................................................23
Clamping devices ................................................................................................................................26
Protection against non-mechanical hazards ....................................................................................27
Fire ........................................................................................................................................................27
Noise .....................................................................................................................................................27
Emission of chips and dust ................................................................................................................28
Electricity..............................................................................................................................................29
Ergonomics and handling...................................................................................................................29
Pneumatics...........................................................................................................................................30
Electromagnetic compatibility............................................................................................................30
Laser .....................................................................................................................................................30
Static electricity ...................................................................................................................................30
Errors of fitting.....................................................................................................................................30
Supply disconnection (Isolation) .......................................................................................................30
Maintenance .........................................................................................................................................31

6
6.1
6.2
6.3

Information for use ..............................................................................................................................31


General..................................................................................................................................................31
Marking .................................................................................................................................................31
Instruction handbook ..........................................................................................................................32

Annex A (normative) Stability test for displaceable machines ..................................................................35


Annex B (normative) Saw spindle dimensional tolerances.........................................................................36
Annex C (normative) Impact test method for guards...................................................................................37
C.1
General..................................................................................................................................................37
C.2
Test method..........................................................................................................................................37

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

C.2.1
C.2.2
C.2.3
C.2.4
C.2.5
C.3
C.4
C.5
C.6

Preliminary remarks ............................................................................................................................37


Testing equipment...............................................................................................................................37
Projectile for guards............................................................................................................................37
Sampling...............................................................................................................................................37
Test procedure.....................................................................................................................................37
Results..................................................................................................................................................38
Assessment .........................................................................................................................................38
Test report ............................................................................................................................................38
Test equipment for impact test ..........................................................................................................38

Annex D (informative) Use of well tried components..................................................................................40


Annex E (normative) Brake tests ....................................................................................................................41
E.1
Conditions for all tests........................................................................................................................41
E.2
Tests .....................................................................................................................................................41
E.2.1 Un-braked run-down time ...................................................................................................................41
E.2.2 Braked run-down time.........................................................................................................................41
Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 98/37.................................................................................................42
Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................45

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

Foreword
This document (EN 1870-17:2007) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 142 Woodworking
machines - Safety, the secretariat of which is held by UNI.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical
text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2007, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at
the latest by August 2007.
This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the
European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of the Machinery Directive.
For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.
Organisations contributing to the preparation of this European Standard include European Committee of
Woodworking Machinery Manufacturers Association "EUMABOIS".
The European Standards produced by CEN/TC 142 are particular to woodworking machines and complement
the relevant A and B standards on the subject of general safety (see Introduction of EN ISO 12100-1:2003 for
a description of A, B and C standards).
According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

0 Introduction
This document has been prepared to be a harmonised standard to provide one means of conforming to the
essential safety requirements of the Machinery Directive, and associated EFTA regulations. This document is
a type "C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100-1:2003.
The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are covered are
indicated in the scope of this document.
When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B standards, the
provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of other standards, for machines that
have been designed and built in accordance with the requirements of the provisions of this type C standard.
The requirements of this document are directed to manufacturers and their authorised representatives of
manual horizontal cutting cross-cut circular sawing machines with one saw unit (manual radial arm saws). It is
also useful for designers.
This document also includes provisions and examples of information to be provided by the manufacturer to
the user.
Common requirements for tooling are given in EN 847-1:2005.

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

Scope

This document deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situation and events as listed in Clause 4,
relevant to stationary and displaceable manual horizontal cutting cross-cut circular sawing machines with one
saw unit (manual radial arm saws), hereinafter referred to as machines, designed to cut solid wood,
chipboard, fibreboard, plywood and also these materials if they are covered with plastic edging and/or plastic
laminates, when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer.
NOTE 1

For the definition of stationary and displaceable machine see 3.2.3 and 3.2.4.

This document does not apply to:


a)

machines set up on a bench or a table similar to a bench, which are intended to carry out work in a
stationary position, capable of being lifted by one person by hand. The bench can also be an integrated
part of the machine if it consists of hinged legs which can be extended down;

NOTE 2
2:1997.

Transportable motor-operated electrical tools are dealt with in EN 61029-1:2000 together with prEN 61029-2-

b)

machines fitted with hydraulically powered machine actuators (e.g. hydraulic workpiece clamping);

c)

machines fitted with powered work-piece positioning;

d)

machines fitted with the facility for either ripping, milling (including trenching and grooving), sanding
and/or drilling;

e)

machines equipped with more than one saw spindle speed.

NOTE 3 A standard to cover machines that can be used for ripping and moulding will be considered at the next revision.
NOTE 4
Semi-automatic and automatic horizontal cutting cross-cut circular sawing machines with one saw unit (radial
arm saws) are dealt with in EN 1870-11.

This document is not applicable to manual horizontal cutting cross-cut circular sawing machines with one saw
unit (manual radial arm saws) which are manufactured before the date of its publication as EN.

Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated
references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced
document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 294:1992, Safety of machinery Safety distance to prevent danger zones being reached by the upper
limbs
EN 614-1:2006, Safety of machinery - Ergonomic design principles - Part 1: Terminology and general
principles
EN 847-1:2005, Tools for woodworking Safety requirements Part 1: Milling tools, circular saw blades
EN 894-1:1997, Safety of machinery - Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control
actuators - Part 1: General principles for human interactions with displays and control actuators
EN 894-2:1997, Safety of machinery Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control
actuators Part 2: Displays

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

EN 894-3:2000, Safety of machinery - Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control
actuators - Part 3: Control actuators
EN 983:1996, Safety of machinery Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components
Pneumatics
EN 1005-1:2001, Safety of machinery - Human physical performance - Part 1: Terms and definitions
EN 1005-2:2003, Safety of machinery - Human physical performance - Part 2: Manual handling of machinery
and component parts of machinery
EN 1005-3:2002, Safety of machinery - Human physical performance - Part 3: Recommended force limits for
machinery operation
EN 1005-4:2005, Safety of machinery - Human physical performance - Part 4: Evaluation of working postures
and movements in relation to machinery
EN 1037:1995, Safety of machinery Prevention of unexpected start-up
EN 1050:1996, Safety of machinery - Principles for risk assessment
EN 50370-1:2005, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Product family standard for machine tools - Part 1:
Emission
EN 50370-2:2003, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Product family standard for machine tools - Part 2:
Immunity
EN 60204-1:2006, Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 1: General requirements
(IEC 60204-1:2005, modified)
EN 60439-1:1999, Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies - Part 1: Type-tested and partially
type-tested assemblies (IEC 60439-1:1999)
EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989)
EN 60825-1:1994, Safety of laser products - Part 1:Eequipment classification, requirements and user's guide
(IEC 60825-1:1993)
EN 61310-1:1995, Safety of machinery Indication, marking and actuation Part 1: Requirements for visual,
auditory and tactile signals (IEC 61310-1:1995)
EN ISO 3743-1:1995, Acoustics Determination of sound power levels of noise sources Engineering
methods for small, moveable sources in reverberant fields Part 1: Comparison method for hard-walled test
rooms. (ISO 3743-1:1994)
EN ISO 3743-2:1996, Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound pressure
- Engineering methods for small, movable sources in reverberant fields - Part 2: Methods for special
reverberation test rooms (ISO 3743-2:1994)
EN ISO 3744:1995, Acoustics Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound pressure Engineering method in an essentially free field over a reflecting plane (ISO 3744:1994)
EN ISO 3745:2003, Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound pressure Precision methods for anechoic and semi-anechoic rooms (ISO 3745:2003)
EN ISO 3746:1995, Acoustics Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound pressure Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface over a reflecting plane (ISO 3746:1995)

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

EN ISO 4871:1996, Acoustics Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and
equipment (ISO 4871:1996)
EN ISO 9614-1:1995, Acoustics Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound intensity
- Part 1: Measurement at discrete points (ISO 9614-1:1993)
EN ISO 11202:1995, Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Measurement of emission
sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions - Survey method in situ (ISO
11202:1995)
EN ISO 11202:1995/AC:1997, Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Measurement of
emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions - Survey method in situ (ISO
11202:1995/Cor.1:1997)
EN ISO 11204:1995, Acoustics Noise emitted by machinery and equipment Measurement of emission
sound pressure levels at a workstation and at other specified positions - Method requiring environmental
corrections (ISO 11204:1995)
EN ISO 11204:1995/AC:1997, Acoustics Noise emitted by machinery and equipment Measurement of
emission sound pressure levels at a workstation and at other specified positions - Method requiring
environmental corrections (ISO 11204:1995/Cor.1:1997)
EN ISO 11688-1:1998, Acoustics Recommended practice for the design of low noise machinery and
equipment Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995)
EN ISO 11688-1:1998/AC:1998, Acoustics Recommended practice for the design of low noise machinery
and equipment Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995)
EN ISO 12100-1:2003, Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general principles for design - Part 1: Basic
terminology, methodology (ISO 12100-1:2003)
EN ISO 12100-2:2003, Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general principles for design - Part 2: Technical
principles (ISO 12100-2:2003)
EN ISO 13849-1:2006, Safety of machinery Safety-related parts of controls systems - Part 1: General
principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2006)
ISO 7960:1995, Airborne noise emitted by machine tools Operating conditions for woodworking machines
HD 22.4 S4:2004, Cables of rated voltages up to and including 450/750 V and having crosslinked insulation Part 4: Cords and flexible cables

3
3.1

Terms and definitions


General

For the purposes of this document the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100-1:2003 and the following
apply.

3.2

Definitions

3.2.1
cross-cutting
operation of cutting across the longitudinal workpiece dimension

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

3.2.2
manual horizontal cutting cross-cut circular sawing machine with one saw unit (manual radial arm
saw)
machine where the saw unit has hand feed and is moved horizontally forward along an arm in a straight line
through the workpiece during the cut and then back to its rest position (see Figures 1 and 2). The arm can
rotate around a vertical axis (pivoting) in a horizontal plane and the saw unit can rotate about a horizontal axis
(canting) parallel to the arm. The workpiece is manually positioned on and removed from the workpiece
support

NOTE

The saw blade is not in the rest position.

Figure 1 Example 1 of a manual horizontal cutting cross-cut circular sawing machine with one saw
unit (manual radial arm saw)

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

Figure 2 Example 2 of a manual horizontal cutting cross-cut circular sawing machine with one saw
unit (manual radial arm saw)
3.2.3
stationary machine
machine designed to be located on or fixed to the floor or other parts of the structure of the premises and to
be stationary during use
3.2.4
displaceable machine
machine which is located on the floor, stationary during use and equipped with a device, normally wheels,
which allow it to be moved between locations
3.2.5
hand feed of the saw unit
manual movement of the saw unit incorporating the saw blade along the forward arm of the machine in
direction of the feed movement
3.2.6
machine actuator
power mechanism used to effect motion of the saw blade
3.2.7
cutting area of the saw blade
area below the maximum upper cutting line of the workpiece
3.2.8
non-cutting area of the saw blade
area above the maximum upper cutting line of the workpiece

10

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

3.2.9
cutting area of a radial arm saw
area formed by the maximum left and right pivoting and canting position at maximum stroke capacity of the
saw blade with the maximum saw blade diameter the machine is designed for
3.2.10
un-braked run-down time
time elapsed from the actuation of the stop control device but not the braking device (if fitted) up to spindle
standstill
3.2.11
braked run-down time
time elapsed from the actuation of the stop control and the braking device up to spindle standstill
3.2.12
information from the supplier
statements, sales literature, leaflets or other documents where a manufacturer (supplier) declares either the
characteristics or the compliance of the material or product to a relevant standard

List of significant hazards

This clause contains the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events (see EN 1050:1996) as far as
they are dealt with in this document, identified by risk assessment as significant for the machines as defined in
the scope and which require action to eliminate or reduce the risk by defining safety requirements and/or
measures or by reference to relevant standards.
NOTE

These hazards are listed in Table 1 in accordance with Annex A of EN 1050:1996.

11

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

Table 1 List of significant hazards


No

Hazards, hazardous situations and


hazardous events

EN ISO 12100
Part
1:2003

Part
2:2003

4.2

4.2.1,
4.2.2, 5

Relevant
clause of
this
document

Mechanical hazards related to:


- machine parts or workpieces:
a) shape;

5.3.3, 5.3.5,
5.3.7, 5.4.5

b) relative location;

5.2.2,
5.3.5,
5.3.7,
5.4.5

5.3.3,
5.3.6,
5.4.3,

d) mass and velocity (kinetic energy of


elements in controlled or uncontrolled
motion);

5.3.3, 5.3.7

e) mechanical strength.

5.3.2, 5.3.3

- accumulation of energy inside the machinery:


f) elastic elements (springs);

4.2

g) gases under pressure;

4.10,
5.5.4

5.3.3.5
5.2.5, 5.3.7,
5.4.12

1.1

Crushing hazard

5.3.6

1.2

Shearing hazard

5.3.6

1.3

Cutting or severing hazard

5.3.3.5,
5.3.3.6, 5.3.6

1.4

Entanglement hazard

5.3.6

1.5

Drawing-in or trapping hazard

5.3.6

1.6

Impact hazard

5.3.7

1.7

Stabbing or puncture hazard

5.3.6.1

1.8

Friction or abrasion hazard

5.3.6.1

1.9

High pressure fluid injection or ejection


hazard

Electrical hazards due to:

2.1

4.2.1

4.2.1

3.8

5.4.6

Contact of persons with live parts


(direct contact)

4.3

4.9,
5.5.4

5.4.4

2.2

Contact of persons with parts which


have become live under faulty
conditions (indirect contact)

4.3

4.9

5.4.4

2.4

Electrostatic phenomena

4.3

4.9

5.4.9

12

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

Table 1 List of significant hazards (continued)

No

Hazards, hazardous situations and


hazardous events

EN ISO 12100

Relevant
clause of
this
document

Part
1:2003
Hazards generated by noise, resulting in:

Part
2:2003

4.1

Hearing
loss
(deafness),
other
physiological
disorders
(loss
of
balance, loss of awareness)

4.2.2, 5

4.2

Interference
with
speech
communication, acoustic signals.

Hazards generated by radiation

6.5

Lasers

Hazards generated by materials and substances (and their constituent


elements) processed or used by the machinery

7.1

Hazards from contact with or inhalation


of harmful fluids and dusts

4.8

4.3b,
4.4

5.4.3

7.2

Fire hazard

4.8

4.4

5.4.1

Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles in machinery


design

8.1

Unhealthy postures or excessive effort

4.9

4.7,
4.8.2,
4.11.12,
5.5.5,
5.5.6

5.2.2, 5.4.5

8.2

Hand-arm or foot-leg anatomy

4.9

5.4.5

8.6

Human error, human behaviour

4.9

4.8.3
4.8,
4.11.8,
4.11.10,
5.5.2, 6

8.7

Design, location or identification of


manual controls

4.8.7,
4.11.8

5.2.2, 5.4.11

8.8

Design or location of visual display


units

4.8.8,
6.2

5.3.3.5, 5.4.5

4.5

5.4.2

5.4.2

4.7

5.4.8

5.2.1, 5.2.3,
5.4.10

13

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

Table 1 List of significant hazards (concluded)


No

Hazards, hazardous situations and


hazardous events

EN ISO 12100

Relevant
clause of
this
document

Part
Part
1:2003
2:2003
Unexpected start-up, unexpected overrun/overspeed (or any similar
malfunction) from:

10
10.1

Failure/disorder of the control system

4.11,
5.5.4

5.2.1, 5.2.6

10.2

Uncontrolled restoration of
supply after an interruption

4.11.4

5.2.5

10.3

External influences on electrical


equipment

4.11.11

5.4.7

10.6

Errors made by the operator (due to


mismatch of machinery with human
characteristics and abilities, see 8.6)

4.8,
4.11.8,
4.11.10,
5.5.2, 6

5.4.10, 6.3

11

Impossibility
machine in
conditions

4.11.1,
4.11.3,
5.5.2

5.2.4, 5.3.4

13

Failure of the power supply

4.11.1,
4.11.4

5.2.5

14

Failure of the control circuit

4.11,
5.5.4

5.2.1, 5.2.6

15

Errors of fitting

4.9

4.7, 6.5

5.4.10

16

Break-up during operation

4.2.2

4.3

5.3.2, 5.3.3

17

Falling or ejected objects

4.2.2

4.3,
4.10

5.3.3.5

18

Loss of stability / overturning of


machinery

4.2.2

5.2.6

5.3.1

of
the

energy

4.9

stopping
the
best possible

Safety requirements and/or measures

5.1 General
The machine shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures of Clause 5.
NOTE 1
For guidance in connection with risk reduction by design, see Clause 4 of EN ISO 12100-2:2003, and for
safeguarding measures, see Clause 5 of EN ISO 12100-2:2003.
NOTE 2
In addition, the machine should be designed in accordance with the principles of EN ISO 12100:2003 (parts 1
and 2) for hazards relevant but not significant, which are not dealt with by this document (e.g. sharp edges of the machine
frame).

14

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

5.2 Controls
5.2.1

Safety and reliability of control systems

5.2.1.1

General

For the purpose of this document, safety related part of a control system means the system from the initial
actuator or position detector or sensor up to and including the power control element of the final machine final
actuator e.g. motor or brake. Safety related parts of the control system of this machine comprise parts
concerning the following functions and they shall fulfil the requirements of the categories given below in
accordance with the requirements of EN ISO 13849-1:2006:
-

starting: category 1 (see 5.2.3);


normal stopping: category 1 (see 5.2.4);
prevention of unexpected start-up after failure of the power supply: category 1 (see 5.2.5);
the braking system: category B, 1 or 2 (see 5.2.4, 5.3.4);
monitoring of the clamp-closing pressure: category 1 (see 5.3.7).

Where more than one category is given, further information about the necessary type is specified in the
quoted clauses.
Where category B is required categories 2, 3 and 4 also fulfil the requirement. Where category 1 is required
categories 3 and 4 also fulfil the requirement. Where category 2 is required categories 3 and 4 also fulfil the
requirement, where category 3 is required category 4 also fulfils the requirement
NOTE
6.3 of EN ISO 13849-1:2006 gives useful information on combination of safety-related parts to the same or
different categories.

Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and/or circuit diagrams and inspection of the machine.
5.2.1.2

Use of well-tried components

Components are considered well-tried if they comply with 6.2.4 of EN ISO 13849-1:2006: (see also Annex D).
NOTE 1

Well-tried electrical components are listed in Table D.3 of EN ISO 13849-2:2003.

NOTE 2
faults etc.

EN ISO 13849-2:2003 gives useful information on assessment of well-tried components, possible exclusion of

Time delay devices used in hard wired safety related control circuits shall be of failsafe technique e.g. of
capacity type or conform to category 3 of EN ISO 13849-1:2006.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and/or circuit diagrams and inspection of the machine.
5.2.2

Position of controls

The start and stop control for the saw spindle drive motor shall be situated either:
a) incorporated in, or adjacent to the operating handle of the machine but not more than 600 mm from front
edge of the workpiece support when the saw unit is in its rest position; or
b) at the front of the machine below the workpiece support and at a minimum height of 600 mm from the
floor level and within 1, 0 m of the cutting line when it is at 90 to the fence.
If fitted with pneumatic workpiece clamping the controls for clamping and unclamping shall be either:

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

1)

where a manually operated valve is used, situated at the front of the machine below the workpiece
support, at a minimum height of 600 mm from the floor level and within 1, 0 m of the cutting line
when it is at 90 to the fence; or

2)

where a foot pedal is used, situated on the floor within 1,0 m of the cutting line when it is at 90 to
the fence;

3)

where a switch which is operated automatically, situated at the beginning of a stroke.

Where a foot pedal is used to control powered workpiece clamping it shall be shrouded against unintentional
activation. The force required to actuate the foot pedal shall not exceed 350 N. The switching device of the
foot pedal shall be hardwired and the safety related parts of the control system shall conform to category 1 in
accordance with the requirements of EN ISO 13849-1:2006.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings, measurement and inspection of the machine.
5.2.3

Starting

Before starting or restarting the machine all the safeguards shall be in place and functional. This is achieved
by the interlocking arrangement described in 5.3.6 and operation means rotation of the saw blade.
Start or restart shall only be possible by actuation of the start control device provided for that purpose.
For electrically operated machines the requirements of 9.2.5.2 of EN 60204-1:2006 apply but 9.2.4 of EN
60204-1:2006 does not apply.
The safety related part of the control system for starting the rotation of the spindle (see 5.2.1) shall conform to
category 1 in accordance with the requirements of EN ISO 13849-1:2006.
The requirements shall be met at the level of the control circuits.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and/or circuit diagrams, inspection of the machine and relevant
functional testing of the machine.
5.2.4

Normal stopping

The machine shall be fitted with a stop control system where by the machine can be brought safely to a
complete stop. The stopping action shall include disconnection from energy supply of all actuators and actuate
the brake (if provided-see 5.3.4).
The normal stop control systems for machines fitted with spring operated mechanical brake shall comply with
stop category 0 in accordance with the requirements in 9.2.2 of EN 60204-1:2006.
The normal stop control system for machines fitted with any other type of brake e.g. electrical brake shall
comply with stop category 1 in accordance with the requirements in 9.2.2 of EN 60204-1:2006.
Where a category 1 stop control is fitted, the stopping sequence shall be:
a) cut power to all machine actuators except workpiece clamping (if fitted) and actuate the brake;
b) cut power to brake(s) (if electrical brake is fitted) after the saw spindle has come to rest e.g. by using a
time delay in accordance with 5.2.1.2;
The design of the control circuits shall be such as to satisfy the normal stopping sequence. If a time delay
device is used, time delay shall at least equal the maximum run-down time. Either the time delay shall be fixed,
or the time delay adjustment device shall be sealed.

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The safety related part of the control system for normal stopping the rotation of the spindle (see 5.2.1) shall
conform to category 1 in accordance with the requirements of EN ISO 13849-1:2006.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and/or circuit diagrams, inspection and relevant functional
testing of the machine.
5.2.5

Failure of the power supply

In the case of supply interruption for electrically driven machines, automatic restart after the restoration of the
supply voltage shall be prevented in accordance with the requirements of paragraphs 1 to 3 of 7.5 of EN
60204-1:2006.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and/or circuit diagrams, measurement, inspection of the
machine and relevant functional testing of the machine.
5.2.6

Failure of the control circuits

The requirements of Clause 6 of EN 1037:1995 apply and in addition:


In the event of loss of pneumatic pressure, clamping of the workpiece shall be maintained until the return
stroke of the tool is initiated. Where non-return valves are used to meet this requirement, they shall be fitted to
the actuating cylinder.
Also see 5.2.1.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and/or circuit diagrams, inspection of the machine and relevant
functional testing of the machine.
5.3 Protection against mechanical hazards
5.3.1

Stability

It shall be possible to fix stationary machines to a suitable stable structure e.g. floor. Facilities for fixing are e.g.
fixing holes in the machine frame (also see 6.3 h)).
Displaceable machines fitted with wheels shall have the facility to make them stable during cutting.
Such facilities are e.g.:
a)

brakes for the wheels; or

b)

a combination of wheels and stabilisers ; or

c)

a device to retract the wheels from the floor.

Verification: By checking relevant drawings, inspection on the machine and performing the stability test
described in Annex A.
5.3.2

Risk of break-up during operation

The guards for the saw blade shall be manufactured from materials with at least the following properties:
-2

a)

steel with an ultimate tensile strength of at least 350 N mm and a wall thickness of at least 1, 5 mm;

b)

light alloy with characteristics in accordance with Table 2;

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Table 2 Characteristics of light alloy saw-blade guards


Ultimate tensile strength
-2
N mm
180
240
300
360

Minimum thickness
mm
5
4
3
2

c) polycarbonate with a wall thickness of at least 3 mm or other plastic material (e.g. polyethylene, polyester,
polyvinyl chloride, polymethylmetacrylate) having an impact resistance equal or better than 3 mm
polycarbonate;
d)

-2

cast iron with an ultimate tensile strength of at least 200 N mm and a wall thickness of at least 5 mm.

Verification: By checking the relevant drawings, tensile strength, measurement, performing the test in Annex B
and inspection of the machine
NOTE

5.3.3
5.3.3.1

For the ultimate tensile strength a confirmation from the manufacturer of the material can be useful.

Tool holder and tool design


Saw blade design

The requirements of EN 847-1:2005 apply. Also see 6.3 j).


Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and inspection of the machine.
5.3.3.2

Saw spindle design

The saw spindle shall be manufactured:


-2

a)

in steel with an ultimate tensile strength of at least 580 N mm ; and

b)

to at least the tolerances given in Annex B.

The direction of the rotation of the saw spindle shall be such, that the cutting force of the saw blade is directed
against the fence.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings, measurement, and relevant functional testing of the machine.
NOTE

5.3.3.3

For the ultimate tensile strength a confirmation from the manufacturer of the material can be useful.

Spindle locking

When it is necessary to hold the spindle stationary for saw blade changing, a spindle holding/blocking device
shall be provided e.g. a set of two separate spanners or an integral locking bar inserted through the
spindle. .When a blocking device is used it shall prevent tool spindle rotation and shall not be deformed after
starting the spindle drive motor, with the blocking device in place.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings, inspection of the machine, measurement and relevant
functional testing of the machine.

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5.3.3.4

Saw blade mounting

It shall not be possible to fit a saw-blade of greater diameter and of larger thickness of saw blade body for
which the machine is designed, e.g. by the design of the saw blade guard (see 5.3.6.1).
The machine shall be designed so that it is not possible to mount saw blades with a greater cutting width than
6 mm.
Two saw flanges shall be provided which fulfil the following requirements:
a) for saw blades the outside diameter of both flanges shall be at least D/6 and not less than 50 mm (where
D = the diameter of the largest saw blade for which the machine is designed);
b)

the tolerance of the outside diameters shall be within 1 mm;

c) the clamping surface shall be at least 5 mm in width and recessed to the centre at least to D/8(0/-2) and
not less than 40 mm (see Figure 3).
Precautions shall be taken to ensure that the saw blade does not come loose during start up, running, rundown or braking, e.g. by using a positive connection between the spindle and saw blade, or by using a
positive connection between the front saw flange and the saw spindle.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings, measurement, inspection of the machine and relevant
functional testing of the machine.

Figure 3 Saw flange detail (clamping surface)


5.3.3.5

Stroke control

The saw unit shall be fitted with a handle for moving it along the arm. This handle shall be so designed and
positioned that a normal hand clench grip is possible e.g. smooth hand bar in accordance with EN 894-3:2000.
Also see 5.4.5.
In its rest position, the saw unit shall be provided with an automatic retaining latch. The retaining latch release
control shall be positioned on or adjacent to the handle for moving the saw unit along the arm to allow the
actuation of the release control and initiation of the pulling movement with one hand.
The saw unit shall automatically return to its rest position within 3 s e.g. actuated by a spring or weight. The
-1
maximum speed of the return movement shall not exceed 1, 0 m s .
The machine shall be fitted with fixing points for an optional device to prevent the saw unit from accelerating
the forward movement during the cutting stroke caused by binding in of the saw blade into the workpiece (see
6.3 b)). This may be realised by fitting a hydraulic or mechanical limiting device e.g. an inertia reel restraint

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system.
The arm shall be provided with a mechanical end stop to limit the cutting stroke capacity (also see 5.3.5.1).
Verification: By checking relevant drawings, measurement, inspection of the machine and relevant functional
testing of the machine.
5.3.3.6

Saw unit pivoting limits

The facility to pivot the arm supporting the saw unit about a vertical axis, to vary the direction of stroke, shall
be limited to 48 either side of a line perpendicular to the workpiece guide (fence). On machines where the
facility to pivot the arm supporting the saw unit about a vertical axis exceeds 48 on one or both sides it shall
not exceed 70 and adjustable workpiece clamping device(s) shall be provided in the corresponding zone(s).
It shall not be possible for the saw unit to rotate about a vertical axis with respect to the arm supporting the
saw unit, except for the purpose of setting the saw blade in the plane of the stroke. The method used to limit
saw unit adjustment rotation shall be an integral part of the saw unit support. Where a pin or nut and bolt are
used to limit adjustment they shall not be removable e.g. welded or shrink-fit.
Verification: By checking relevant drawings, measurement, inspection of the machine and relevant functional
testing of the machine.
5.3.3.7

Saw unit canting limits

The facility to cant the saw unit about a horizontal axis shall be limited to 60 either side of the vertical.
Verification: By checking relevant drawings, measurement, inspection of the machine and relevant functional
testing of the machine.
5.3.4

Braking

An automatic brake shall be provided for the saw spindle where the un-braked run-down time exceeds 10 s.
The braked run-down time of the machine shall not exceed 10 s.
Electrical braking shall not be by reverse current injection braking.
Where a spring operated mechanical brake is fitted the last paragraph of 9.3.4 of EN 60204-1:2006 does not
apply and the mechanical brake life and performance data shall be given (see 6.3 u)).
Where an electrical brake containing electronic components is fitted, its control system shall be designed, as
a minimum, in accordance with the requirements of category 2 according to EN ISO 13849-1:2006 and shall
be tested periodically, e.g. by monitoring braked run down time or by monitoring braking current circuit during
starting (short braking). The test shall:
a)

be independent from the basic control system for braking;

b)

be independent from the influence of the operator;

c)

be performed at least once within every 8 h the machine is run.

Where the test result is negative more than three times in succession, it shall not be possible to operate the
machine. A negative test result shall be indicated.
As an exception to 5.2.1 a simple electronic brake (not using a processor) designed in category B in
accordance with the requirements of EN ISO 13849-1:2006 is acceptable if the probability of a failure in high
-6 -1
demand mode (PFH) is less than 3 x 10 h .

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For calculating the probability of a dangerous failure in high demand mode for a simple electronic brake
component with no fault tolerance and no testing capability (category B) the procedure described in Annex D
of EN ISO 13849-1:2006 shall be used.
Verification: For the determination of un-braked run-down time and braked run-down time, if relevant, see the
appropriate tests given in Annex E.
5.3.5
5.3.5.1

Workpiece supports and guides


Workpiece support

The machine shall be fitted with workpiece support which complies with the following requirements:
a) the shape of the workpiece support (see Figure 4) shall be such that the front edge of the largest saw
blade for which the machine is designed will not protrude beyond the workpiece support when the saw unit is
at its maximum forward position taking into account the ability of the saw unit to pivot and cant and the
maximum cutting stroke and cutting depth of the machine;
b) the workpiece support in the cutting area shall be made from a material which is easily cut by the saw
blade in the event of contact between the saw blade and the workpiece support, e.g. plastic, wood or wood
based material;
c) extension table(s) shall be provided at least for the side(s) where the saw unit pivoting angle exceeds 48.
The width of each extension table shall be at least 60 % of the maximum cutting capacity of the machine when
the saw unit is set at 90 to the workpiece guide (see also 6.3 b)).
Verification: By checking relevant drawings, inspection of the machine, measurement and relevant functional
testing of the machine.

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Key
1 Workpiece support (machine table)
2 Saw blade (adjusted to maximum pivoting and canting)
3
4
B

Fence
Minimum extension of workpiece support
Width of the workpiece support
Maximum pivoting angle

Figure 4 Dimensions of workpiece support (machine table)


5.3.5.2

Workpiece guide

The machine shall be provided with a fence fixed in position on both sides of the cutting line and extending
over the length of the workpiece support.
The fence shall have a height of at least 50 % of the maximum depth of cut for which the machine is designed,
except for an area to allow passage of the saw blade but not less than 60 mm.
That part of the fence within the cutting area plus 10 mm on both sides shall be easily cut by the saw blade by
consisting of e.g. wood, plastic or light alloy and shall be changeable (see 6.3 g)).
The fence shall not be capable of adjustment so that the saw blade protrudes beyond the fence when the saw
unit is in the rest position.
Also see 5.4.12 and 6.3.
Verification: By checking relevant drawings, inspection of the machine, measurement and relevant functional
testing of the machine.

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5.3.6
5.3.6.1

Prevention of access to moving parts


Guarding of the saw blade

Access to the non-cutting area of the saw blade shall be prevented by a fixed guard extending to the lowest
point on the periphery of the saw flange. This fixed guard shall be fitted with an extraction outlet (see Figure 1
and Key 2 in Figure 6) in accordance with 5.4.3. Where access is required for saw blade changing, the access
component shall only be capable of being opened with the aid of a tool and shall remain integral with the
machine when open, e.g. hinged in accordance with 7.2 of EN 953:1997. The guard shall not remain in place
without its fixing.
Access to the cutting area of the saw blade below the fixed guard during cutting shall be prevented. This can
be achieved e.g. by a manually adjustable guard or a self adjustable guard or a combination of both.
For example using:

an adjustable guard enclosing the cutting area of the saw blade which can be manually adjusted down to
at least the fence level (and ideally to the upper surface of the material being cut) and which shall be
designed such that without removing it from the machine the saw blade can be changed (see Key 6 in
Figure 6); or

a manually adjustable guard (see Key 10 in Figure 6), or self adjustable guard for the down cutting teeth
of the saw blade between the fixed guard and the top of the fence or the top of the workpiece. This
adjustable guard shall cover at least the periphery of the saw blade and both sides of the saw teeth in
accordance with the dimensions in Figure 7.

Where a combination of both types is fitted the relevant requirements for each type shall be met.
When the saw unit is in its rest position access to the cutting area of the saw blade shall be prevented either
by:
a) a fixed guard attached to the machine such that the saw blade can enter into the guard when it is moving
back into its rest position irrespective of its pivoted and/or canted position (example see Figure 2); or
b)

a combination of :
1) an adjustable or self-adjusting guard fitted on the saw unit on both sides of the saw blade, which at
least covers the periphery of the saw blade and both sides of the saw teeth of the maximum and
minimum saw blade for which the machine is designed such that it is not possible for the operator to
reach the blade in its rest position from the front of the machine; and
2) a deterring/impeding device on the rear end of the machine (example see Figure 1). This
deterring/impeding device shall be designed in accordance with the dimensions given in Figure 5. At the
outside ends of the deterring/impeding device vertical side pieces shall be provided (see Key 2 in Figure
5) having the same height as the deterring/impeding device and reaching from it forward to the fence; or

c) a fixed guard having the same height as the fence, fitted with an extraction outlet and adjustable to any
adjusted pivoting position of the saw unit (see Key 8 in Figure 6). The fixed guard shall be fitted with manually
adjustable parts on both sides of the cutting line to prevent access to the remaining part of the saw blade
cutting area between the fence and the rear of the machine when the saw unit is in the rest position,
whichever the canting or pivoting position (see Key 9 in Figure 6).
NOTE
The manually adjustable moveable guard referred to in the second paragraph (see Key 6 in Figure 6) is part of
the guarding of the cutting area of the saw blade when the saw unit is in its rest position.

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Any openings in the guards shall be designed so that the safety distances to the dangerous zone of the saw
blade of Table 4 of EN 294:1992 are fulfilled.

Key
1
2

Deterring/impeding device
Vertical side parts

3
4

Cutting line (at right angles to the fence)


Saw blade

5
6
D

Fence
Workpiece support (machine table)
Maximum saw blade diameter

Figure 5 Example of deterring/impeding device at the rear side

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section A-A

section B-B

Key
1
2

Saw unit support (column)


Fixed saw blade guard

3
4

Saw blade
Machine table

5
6

Workpiece
Manually adjustable enclosing guard

7
8

Fence
Fixed guard in rest position (including extraction hood)

9 Adjustable parts of the fixed guard shown in 8


10 Front guard
11 extraction outlet

Figure 6 Example of combination of fixed and adjustable guards in rest position

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Key
1
2

Manually adjustable guard


Saw blade

Figure 7 - Front guard for the cutting area of the saw blade
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings, inspection of the machine, measurement and relevant
functional testing of the machine.
5.3.6.2

Guarding of drives

Access to the drive mechanism for the saw-blade shall be prevented by fixed guards installed so that safety
distances of EN 294:1992 are met.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and inspection of the machine.
5.3.7

Clamping devices

If the machine is fitted with pneumatic clamping of the workpiece crushing hazards shall be prevented by:
a) two stage clamping with a maximum clamping force at the clamping device of 50 N for the first stage,
followed by full clamping force actuated by a manual control; or
b) two stage clamping with a maximum clamping force at the clamping device of 50 N for the first stage
where the full clamping force is only initiated when the clamp is in contact with a flat surface; or
c) reduction of the clamp/workpiece gap to 6 mm or less by a manually adjustable device; and stroke
limitation to a maximum of 10 mm; or
d)

-1

limitation of the clamp closing speed to 10 mm s or less; or

e) guarding of the clamp by a guard fixed to the clamping device to reduce the gap between the workpiece
and the guard to less than 6 mm. The maximum extension of the clamp outside the guard shall not be more
than 6 mm.
For initiation of the workpiece clamping either a manually operated valve or a foot pedal conforming to 5.2.2
shall be used.

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The category of the control circuit for the supervision of the first stage clamping force (see 5.3.7a) and b)) and
the limitation of the clamp closing speed (see 5.3.7 d)) shall be at least category 1 in accordance with the
requirements of EN ISO 13849-1:2006.
It shall be possible to position the clamping cylinders outside the cutting line.
Where pneumatic clamping is provided the requirements of EN 983:1996 shall be met.
On machines fitted with pneumatic clamping of the workpiece, in the case of pneumatic supply interruption, an
automatic clamping movement of the actuating cylinder(s) shall be prevented after the restoration of the
pneumatic supply.
Also see 5.2.6.
Verification: By checking relevant drawings and/or circuit diagrams, inspection of the machine, measurement
and relevant functional testing of the machine.

5.4

Protection against non-mechanical hazards

5.4.1

Fire

To minimise the risks of fire the requirements in 5.4.3 and 5.4.4 shall be met. Also see 6.3.
Also see 5.3.5.2 for avoiding sparks as result of contact between the saw blade and the fence and 5.4.9.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings, inspection of the machine and relevant functional testing of
the machine.
5.4.2
5.4.2.1

Noise
Noise reduction at the design stage

When designing machinery, the information and technical measures to reduce noise at source given in EN
ISO 11688-1:1998 and EN ISO 11688-1:1998/AC:1998 shall be taken into account. Also the information given
in EN ISO 11688-2:2000 may be taken into account. The most relevant noise source is the rotating saw blade.
5.4.2.2

Noise emission measurement

Operating conditions for noise measurement shall comply with Annex N of ISO 7960:1995.
Mounting and operating conditions of the machine shall be identical for the determination of emission sound
pressure levels at the work station and sound power levels.
For machines where Annex N of ISO 7960:1995 is not applicable, e.g. for different spindle speeds and saw
blade diameters, the detailed operating conditions used shall be given in the test report.
Sound power levels shall be measured in accordance with the enveloping surface measuring method shown
in EN ISO 3746:1995 with the following modifications:
a)

the environmental indicator K2A shall be equal to or less than 4 dB;

b) the difference between the background sound pressure level and the machine sound pressure level at
each measuring point shall be equal to or greater than 6 dB. The correction formula for this difference (see 8.2
of EN ISO 3746:1995) shall apply up to a difference of 10 dB;
c)

only the parallelepiped measurement surface shall be used at 1 m from the reference surface;

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d) where the distance from the machine to an auxiliary unit is less than 2 m the auxiliary unit shall be
included in the reference box;
e)

measuring time requirement in 7.5.3 of EN ISO 3746:1995 referring to 30 s shall be excluded;

f)

the accuracy of the test method shall be better than 3 dB;

g)

the number of microphone positions shall be 9 in accordance with Annex N of ISO 7960:1995.

Alternatively, where the facilities exist and the measurement method applies to the machine type sound power
levels may also be measured in accordance with the requirements of a method with higher precision i.e. EN
ISO 3743-1:1995, EN ISO 3743-2:1996 EN ISO 3744:1995 and EN ISO 3745:2003 without the preceding
modifications.
For determination of sound power level by the sound intensity method, use EN ISO 9614-1:1995 (subject to
agreement between the supplier and the purchaser).
Emission sound pressure levels at the workstation shall be measured in accordance with EN ISO 11202:1995
and EN ISO 11202:1995/AC:1997 with the following modifications:
1) the environmental indicator K2A and the local environmental factor K3A shall be equal to or less than
4 dB;
2) the difference between the background emission sound pressure level and the workstation sound
pressure level shall be equal to or greater than 6 dB;
3) the correction of the local environmental factor K3A shall be calculated in accordance with A.2 of EN
ISO 11204:1995 and EN ISO 11204:1995:AC/1997 with the reference restricted to EN ISO 3746:1995
instead of the method given in Annex A of EN ISO 11202:1995 and EN ISO 11202:1995/AC:1997, or in
accordance with EN ISO 3743-1:1995, or EN ISO 3743-2:1996 EN ISO 3744:1995 or EN ISO 3745:2003
where one of these standards has been used as the measuring method.
For noise declaration 6.3 y) shall be met.
5.4.3

Emission of chips and dust

Provision shall be made on the machine to enable it to be connected to a separate collection system for the
extraction of chips and dusts. Exhaust outlets shall be provided as follows:
a)

at the fixed guard of the saw unit required in 5.3.6.1 located in line with the tangent to the saw blade; and

b)

either at :
1)

the fixed guard required in 5.3.6.1a) (see Figure 2); or

2) the rear end of the machine behind the rest position of the saw unit where a self adjusting guard in
accordance with the requirements of 5.3.6.1b1) is fitted; or
3)

the deterring/impeding device required in 5.3.6.1b2) (see Figure 1); or

4)

the fixed guard required in 5.3.6.1c).

NOTE

-1

An air flow of at least 700 m h is recommended.

To ensure that the chips and dust extracted from the point of origin are conveyed to the collection system, the
design of the hoods, ducts and baffles shall be based on an average conveying velocity of extracted air in the
-1
-1
duct of 20 m s for dry chips and 28 m s for wet chips (moisture content 18 % or above) measured in the
respective cross section.

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Also see 6.3.


Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and inspection of the machine.
5.4.4

Electricity

The requirements of EN 60204-1:2006 apply unless stated otherwise in this document.


In particular see Clause 6 of EN 60204-1:2006 for the prevention of electric shock and Clause 7 of EN 602041:2006 for protection against short circuits and overloading.
The degree of protection of all electric components out of the enclosure(s) and the enclosure(s) for electrical
components itself/themselves shall be at least IP 5X in accordance with the requirements of EN 60529:1991.
The power supply cord of displaceable machines shall be of type H0 7 in accordance with the requirements of
HD 22.4 S4:2004.
In accordance with 18.1 of EN 60204-1:2006 the test for the continuity of the protective bonding circuit and
functional tests apply.
Verification: By checking the relevant circuit diagrams, inspection of the machine and relevant tests (specified
in 18.2 and 18.6 of EN 60204-1:2006).
NOTE

5.4.5

For the electrical components characteristics, confirmation from the components' supplier can be useful.

Ergonomics and handling

The requirements of EN 614-1:2006 apply and in addition:


The machine and its controls shall be designed in accordance with EN 1005-4:2005 for work posture which is
not fatiguing.
The positioning, labelling and illumination (if necessary) of control devices, and facilities for materials and tool
set handling shall be in accordance with EN 894-1:1997, EN 894-2:1997, EN 894-3:2000, EN 1005-1:2001,
EN 1005-2:2003, EN 1005-3:2002.
The height of the workpiece support above floor level shall not be less than 800 mm and shall not exceed 900
mm.
The force required to pull the saw unit forward from any position over its travel shall be not more than 50 N 5
N when the saw blade is not rotating (see also 5.3.3.5).
With the saw unit in its rest position the distance between the handle required in 5.3.3.5 and the front edge of
the workpiece support shall be not more than 850 mm.
For other position of controls see 5.2.2 and EN 894-3:2000.
If graphical symbols related to the operation of actuators are used they shall be in accordance with the
requirements of Table 6 of EN 61310-1:1995.
All adjustments to the saw unit position (pivoting, canting, height adjustment) shall be possible without the aid
of a tool. If the machine is equipped with scales the requirements of EN 894-2:1997 shall apply.
If the machine is equipped with display units the requirements of EN 894-3:2000 shall apply.
NOTE

Further guidance on ergonomics is given in EN 60204-1:2006, EN 614-1:2006 and EN 614-2:2000.

Verification: By checking the relevant drawings, measurement and inspection of the machine.

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5.4.6

Pneumatics

For machines fitted with pneumatic workpiece clamping the requirements of EN 983:1996 shall apply. Also
see 5.2.1, 5.2.2, 5.2.6, 5.3.7, 5.4.11 and 5.4.12.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and inspection of the machine.
5.4.7

Electromagnetic compatibility

The machine shall have sufficient immunity to electromagnetic disturbances to enable it to operate correctly in
accordance with EN 60439-1:1999, EN 50370-1:2005 and EN 50370-2:2003.
NOTE
Machines which incorporate CE-marked electrical components and where such components and cabling are
installed in accordance with their respective manufacturers instructions, are generally considered to be protected against
external electromagnetic interference.

Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and/or circuit diagrams and inspection of the machine.
5.4.8

Laser

If the machine is fitted with a laser to indicate the cutting line, the laser shall be of category 2, 2M or a lower
risk category in accordance with the requirements of EN 60825-1:1994.
All provisions from the laser manufacturer associated to the installation and the use of the laser shall be
fulfilled. The instruction for use of the laser shall be repeated in the instruction manual. Warning label and
advice on use of eye protection if any shall be provided on the machine near the operator's position.
The laser shall be fitted to the machine so that warnings on the laser itself remain visible.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and inspection of the machine.
NOTE

5.4.9

For the laser's characteristics, confirmation from the laser supplier can be useful.

Static electricity

If the machine is fitted with flexible hoses for chip and dust extraction the hoses shall be able to lead charge to
earth potential.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and inspection of the machine.
5.4.10 Errors of fitting
The fence shall not be capable of being positioned so that the saw blade protrudes beyond it when the saw
unit is in its rest position.
See also 5.3.3.4 for saw blade limitation.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and inspection of the machine.
5.4.11 Supply disconnection (Isolation)
The requirements of Clause 5 of EN 1037:1995 apply and in addition:
The electric power supply to the machine shall be controlled by a supply disconnecting device which is in
accordance with the requirements of 5.3.2 a), b) or c) of EN 60204-1:2006.

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When fitted with a plug to connect the machine to a 3-phase electrical supply, this plug may incorporate a
phase inverter.
Where the machine is fitted with pneumatic workpiece clamping at least a quick action coupling in accordance
with EN 983:1996 to isolate pneumatic energy shall be provided. Also see 6.2 j).
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and/or circuit diagrams, inspection of the machine and relevant
functional testing of the machine.
5.4.12 Maintenance
The basic principles of 4.15 of EN ISO 12100-2:2003 shall be observed and in addition the information for
maintenance listed in 6.5.1e) of EN ISO 12100-2:2003 shall be provided.
The exterior of the machine shall be designed with smooth surfaces in order to ease the daily cleaning for
chips and dust with vacuum cleaner.
Where lubrication points are provided they shall be located outside of the saw blade guarding and accessible
by the operator when standing on the floor.
Where residual pneumatic energy is stored, e.g. in a reservoir or pipe, means for dumping residual pressure
shall be provided, e.g. by using a valve. Dumping pressure shall not be by disconnection of a pipe.
Also see 6.3 u).
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and/or circuit diagrams, inspection of the machine and relevant
functional testing of the machine.

6
6.1

Information for use


General

The basic principles of Clause 6 of EN ISO 12100-2:2003 shall be observed and the requirements of Clause 8
of EN 847-1:2005 apply.

6.2

Marking

The basic principles of 6.4 of EN ISO 12100-2:2003 shall be observed and in addition:
The following information shall be marked legibly and indelibly throughout the expected life of the machine,
either directly on the machine e.g. by engraving, etching or by using labels or plates permanently fixed to the
machine e.g. by riveting or stickers:
a)

name and address of the machine manufacturer;

b)

year of construction;

c)

designation of series or type;

d)

serial number if any;

e)

maximum and minimum diameter of the saw blades for which the machine is designed;

f)

bore diameter of the saw blade;

g)

nominal pressure of the pneumatic circuits (if provided);

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h) where the machine is fitted with a pneumatic isolator its function, location and operational position e.g. by
a label, a pictogram or sticker;
i)

a pictogram showing the direction of rotation of the saw blade;

j) where the machine is equipped with a pneumatic supply and isolation of the pneumatic energy supply is
not achieved by the electrical isolation with a permanent warning label placed in proximity to the electrical
supply disconnection device, warning that the pneumatic supply is not isolated by isolating of the electrical
supply;
k)

a warning to switch off all supplies to the machine before making any adjustments;

l) rating information (mandatory for electro-technical products :voltage, frequency, power, in accordance
with 16.4 of EN 60204-1:2006.
The direction of blade rotation shall be indicated on a fixed part e.g. upper saw blade fixed guard in the vicinity
of the spindle axis by an arrow raised or sunk, which is visible when changing the saw blade, or by any other
means not less visible or indelible.
The markings shall either be in the language of the country in which the machine is to be used or wherever
possible by using pictograms or stickers.
If graphical symbols related to the operation of actuators are used they shall be in accordance with Table 6 of
EN 61310-1:1995.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and inspection of the machine.

6.3

Instruction handbook

The basic principles of 6.5 of EN ISO 12100-2:2003 shall be observed and in addition the instruction
handbook shall specify at least:
a) a repetition of the markings, pictograms and other instructions on the machine as required in 6.1 and 6.2
and, if necessary, information about their meaning;
b) the intended use of the machine including a list of optional devices that may be fitted to the machine for
particular operation (see 5.3.3.5 and 5.4.8);
c)

a warning to take precautions to reduce the hazard of inhalation of harmful dusts (e.g. wearing a dust
mask);

d)

a warning to wear ear protection to prevent hearing loss; and

e)

a warning against the hazard of cutting when handling saw blades, feeding wood into the machine or
doing maintenance;

f)

instructions for safe use in accordance with 6.5.1 d) of EN ISO 12100-2:2003 including installation and
setting instructions for any optional device that may be fitted to the machine (see 5.3.3.5 and 5.4.8);

g) instructions to replace the fence and/or the workpiece support when they are damaged and no longer
offers support. These shall include the method to fix the fence and/or the workpiece support to the machine;
h)

if necessary for stationary machines, requirements for the need to fix the machine to the floor and how
this is to be done;

i)

for displaceable machines, information regarding how transportation shall be undertaken and how to
make the machine stable during cutting;

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j)

that only correctly sharpened saw blades manufactured in accordance with the requirements of EN 8471:2005 shall be used;

k)

a warning stating that only saw blades with a rake angle between 5 shall be used;

l)

that no saw blade shall be used where the maximum marked speed is lower than the rotational speed of
the saw spindle;

m) the maximum width and thickness of the workpiece that can be cut;
n)

a warning that when cutting round stock it is necessary to secure the workpiece against rotation by using
a suitable jig or holder;

o)

instructions for an adequate training of all operators regarding the use, adjustment and operation of the
machine. These shall include instructions on easy access to any adjustment handles;

p)

a recommendation to provide adequate general or localised lighting;

q)

if fitted with a laser, a statement that exchange with a different type of laser will create a dangerous
situation, that no additional optical equipment shall be used and that repair shall only be carried out by the
laser manufacturer or authorised persons;

r)

information regarding the chip and dust extraction equipment fitted to the machine as follows :

s)

-1

1)

necessary airflow in m h ;

2)

pressure drop at each dust extraction connection outlet at the recommended conveying air velocity;

3)

recommended conveying air velocity in the duct in m s ;

4)

cross section dimensions and details of each connection outlet;

-1

information that during indoor use the machine shall be connected to an external chip and dust extraction
system;

NOTE

External chip and dust extraction equipment with fixed installations are dealt with in EN 12779:2004.

t)

instructions that the dust extraction equipment is to be switched on before commencing machining;

u)

information on how to perform maintenance including the life time of the friction coating and data for
mechanical brake and that whenever possible maintenance and adjustments shall be only done if the
machine is isolated from all energy sources and involuntary restart is prevented;

v)

information about safe cleaning;

w) if fitted with a pneumatic system the method for the safe dissipation of residual energy (see 5.4.12);
x)

those safety devices which shall be tested, how frequently the tests shall be carried out and the test
method. This shall include at least the following:
1) the brake - by functional testing to check that the machine is braked within the specified time and
if the machine is fitted with mechanical brake that the brake shall be tested after any intervention of
the overload protection;
2) the saw unit anti-acceleration devices - by functional test;
3) the saw unit restraint latch - by functional test;

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

4) the saw unit automatic return to rest position device - by functional test;
y)

information concerning airborne noise emissions by the machinery, either the actual value or a value
established on the basis of measurements made on identical machinery, measured in accordance with
the methods given in 5.4.2.2:
A-weighted emission sound pressure levels at workstations
A-weighted sound power level emitted by the machinery
The noise declaration shall be accompanied by a statement of the measuring method used and the
operating conditions applied during the test, and value of associated uncertainty K using the dual-number
form of declaration in accordance with EN ISO 4871:1996 as follows
4 dB when using EN ISO 3746:1995 and EN ISO 11202:1995,
2 dB when using EN ISO 3743-1:1995 or EN ISO 3743-2:1996 or EN ISO 3744:1995;
1 dB when using EN ISO 3745:2003
for example, for a sound power level : LWA = 93 dB (measured value)
Associated uncertainty K = 4 dB
Measurement made in accordance with EN ISO 3746:1995.
If the accuracy of the declared emission values is to be checked, measurements shall be made using the
same method and the same operating conditions as those declared.
The noise declaration shall be accompanied by the following statement:
"The figures quoted are emission levels and are not necessarily safe working levels. Whilst there is a
correlation between the emission and exposure levels, this cannot be used reliably to determine
whether or not further precautions are required. Factors that influence the actual level of exposure of
the workforce include the characteristics of the work room and the other sources of noise etc. i.e. the
number of machines and other adjacent processes. Also the permissible exposure level can vary from
country to country. This information, however, will enable the user of the machine to make a better
evaluation of the hazard and risk."
Verification: By checking the instruction handbook and relevant drawings.

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

Annex A
(normative)
Stability test for displaceable machines

The machine shall be set in its working position on a chipboard fixed on the floor and the brakes for the
wheels applied (where fitted) or the wheels retracted from the floor (if a device for retracting them is fitted).The
saw unit shall be positioned in its rest position and adjusted for cross-cutting perpendicular to the fence. A
vertical force F1 = 500 N shall be applied within 30 mm of the front corner of the workpiece support (either
side) as shown in Figure A.1.
In both cases the machine shall not move or tilt.

Figure A.1 Stability test for displaceable machines

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

Annex B
(normative)
Saw spindle dimensional tolerances

Diagram

Object

Permissible
deviation
(mm)

Measuring
instrument

Measuring saw spindle


run-out

0,03

Dial gauge

Measuring saw flange


camming

0,03 for M 100


0,04 for M > 100

Dial gauge

Measurement to be made as close


as possible to the saw flange

Apply axial pressure F as


recommended by manufacturer

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

Annex C
(normative)
Impact test method for guards

C.1 General
This annex defines tests for guards used on radial arm saws in order to minimise risks of ejection of parts of
tools or of workpieces from the working zone.
This annex applies to guards as well as samples of guard materials.

C.2 Test method


C.2.1 Preliminary remarks
This test method reproduces the hazard of the ejection of tools parts or of workpieces. The test allows to
estimate the resistance/strength of guards and/or samples of guard materials against penetration and
dislodgement from the machine by ejected parts from machine or workpiece.

C.2.2 Testing equipment


The testing equipment comprises a propulsion device, a projectile, a support for the test object and a system
that allows to measure or record the impact speed with an accuracy of 5 %.

C.2.3 Projectile for guards


The projectile shall be a ball of 8 mm diameter made from steel with the following properties:
-2

a) Tensile strength :

Rm = 560 N mm to 690 N mm

b) Yield strength :

R0,2 330 N mm

-2

-2

c) Elongation at rupture : A 20 %
d) Hardened to 56 +04 HRC over depth of at least 0, 5 mm .

C.2.4 Sampling
The test is carried out with the guard and/or a sample of the guard material. The guard support shall be
equivalent to the guard mounting on the machine. For testing guard materials samples may be used, fixed on
a frame with an inner opening of 450 mm x 450 mm. The frame shall be sufficiently rigid. The mounting of the
sample shall be by non positive clamping.

C.2.5 Test procedure


-1

The impact test shall be executed with projectile indicated in C.2.3 and an impact speed of 70 m s .
Impact shall be as square to the material sample surface or the guard surface as possible. The targets for the
projectiles shall be the weakest and most unfavourable spot on material sample or on the guard.

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

C.3 Results
After the impact, damages found on the guard or material shall be assessed as follows:
a)

buckling/bulging (permanent deformation without crack) ;

b)

incipient crack (visible only on one surface) ;

c)

through crack (crack visible from one surface to the other) ;

d)

penetration (projectile penetrating the test object) ;

e)

guard window loosened from its fixing ;

f)

guard loosened from guard support.

C.4 Assessment
The test is passed if there is no through crack or penetration of the test object and if there is no damage e)
and f) in accordance with the requirements of C.3.

C.5 Test report


The test report shall give the following minimum information:
a)

date, place of the test and name of the testing institute;

b)

projectile mass, dimensions, speed;

c)

machine manufacturer, type, spindle speed;

d)

design, material and dimensions of the test object;

e)

clamping or fixing of the test object;

f)

direction of shock, point of impact of the projectile;

g)

test result;

h)

reference to EN 1870-17.

C.6 Test equipment for impact test


The propulsion device consists of a compressed air vessel with flanged gun barrel (see Figure C.1). The
compressed air may be released by a valve to accelerate the projectile toward the test object.
The air gun is fed by an air compressor. The speed of the projectile may be controlled by the pressure of the
air.
The projectile speed is measured near the nozzle of the gun barrel by a suitable speedometer e.g. by
proximity sensor or photocell.

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

Key
1
2

Speedometer
Gun barrel

3
4

Projectile
Control panel

5
6

Compressed-air vessel
Test object

Figure C.1 Example of equipment for impact test

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

Annex D
(informative)
Use of well tried components

In particular the requirements of the following relevant standards should be applied when considering safety
related parts to be well-tried in accordance with the requirements of 6.2.4 of EN ISO 13849-1:2006:
a) for electrical components (see also Tables D.1 to D.17 of EN ISO 13849-2:2003):
1) EN 60947-5-1:2004 (section 3) for control switches with positive opening operation used as
mechanically actuated position detectors for interlocking of guards and for relays used in auxiliary
circuits;
2) EN 60947-4-1:2001 for electromechanical contractors and motor starters used in mains circuits;
3) HD 22.1 S4:2002 for rubber insulated cables;
4) HD 21.1 S4:2002 for polyvinyl chloride cables if these cables are additionally protected against
mechanical damage by positioning (e.g. inside frames).
b) electrical control circuits if they also are in accordance with the first four measures listed in 9.4.2.1 of
EN 60204-1:2006 (see also Tables D.1 and D.2 of EN ISO 13849-2:2003);
c) mechanical components if, for example they operate in the positive mode in accordance with the
description given in 4.5 of EN ISO 12100-2:2003;
d) pneumatic components and systems if they comply with EN 983:1996 (see also Tables B.1 to B.18 of
EN ISO 13849-2:2003).
For all components exposed to environmental conditions, e.g. dust and/or gases, these conditions shall be
taken into account.
NOTE EN ISO 13849-2:2003 gives useful information on the assessment of well-tried components, possible
exclusion of faults etc.

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

Annex E
(normative)
Brake tests

E.1 Conditions for all tests


a) the test shall be performed with the largest saw blade (diameter and thickness) for which the machine is
designed;
b)

before beginning the test the saw spindle shall be running for at least 15 min at idle speed;

c)

verify that the actual saw spindle speed is within 10 % of the intended speed.

E.2 Tests
E.2.1 Un-braked run-down time
The un-braked run-down time of the machine shall be measured as follows:
a)

start the saw spindle drive motor and run it at the intended speed (no load) for 1 min;

b)

cut the power to the saw spindle drive motor and measure the un-braked run-down time;

c)

repeat steps a) and b) twice more.

The un-braked run-down time of the machine is the maximum of the three measurements taken.

E.2.2 Braked run-down time


The braked run-down time of the machine shall be measured as follows:
a)

start the saw spindle drive motor and run it at the intended speed (no load) for 1 min;

b)

initiate the saw spindle drive motor stop and measure the braked run-down time;

c)

allow the saw spindle to remain stationary for 1 min;

d)

repeat steps a) to c) four times.

The braked run-down time is the average of the five measurements taken. The standard deviation of the 5
measurements shall not exceed 10 % of this average.

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 98/37

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission
and the European Free Trade Association to provide one means of conforming to Essential Requirements of
the New Approach Machinery Directive 98/37/EC, amended by 98/79/EC.
Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Communities under that Directive and has
been implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the normative
clauses of this standard confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity
with the relevant Essential Requirements of that Directive and associated EFTA regulations.
Table ZA Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 98/37/EC.
Clause(s)/sub-clause(s) of this
EN

Essential Requirements (ERs)


of Directive 98/37.
1.1.2
Principles
integration

of

safety

5.2.1, 5.2.2, 5.2.3, 5.2.4, 5.2.5, a) fitted for its function


5.2.6, 5.3.1, 5.3.3, 5.3.5, 5.3.6,
5.3.7, 5.4.11, 6.3

42

Clause 5 and 6

b) eliminate the
measures, inform

risks,

give

Clause 5 and 6

c) use

5.4.5

d) ergonomics

5.4.5, 6.3

e) constraint in use

5.3.1, 5.4.8, 6.3

f) equipment

5.3.2, 5.3.3.2, 5.3.5.2, 5.4.3

1.1.3 Materials and products

6.3

1.1.4 Lighting

5.2.2, 5.3.6, 5.4.5

1.1.5 Design of machinery to


facilitate its handling

5.2.1, 5.2.6, 5.4.7

1.2.1 Safety and reliability of


control systems

5.2.2, 5.2.3, 5.2.4, 5.3.3.5, 6.3

1.2.2 Control devices

5.2.2, 5.2.3, 5.2.5

1.2.3 Starting

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

5.2.2, 5.2.4

1.2.4 Stopping device (normal


stopping emergency stop
complex installations)

5.2.5, 5.4.6, 5.4.11

1.2.6 Failure of the power supply

5.2.1, 5.2.6, 5.4.7, 5.4.11

1.2.7 Failure of the control circuit

5.2.3, 5.2.4, 5.2.5, 5.3.1, 5.3.2, 1.3


Protection
5.3.3, 5.3.4, 5.3.5, 5.3.6, 5.3.7, mechanical hazards
6.1, 6.2, 6.3

against

5.3.1

1.3.1 Stability

5.3.2, 6.3

1.3.2 Risk of break-up during


operation

5.3.2, 5.3.3, 5.3.6

1.3.3 Risks due to falling or


ejected objects

5.1

1.3.4 Risk due to surfaces,


edges or angles

5.3.6

1.3.7 Prevention of risks related


to moving parts

5.3.6

1.3.8 Choice of protection


against risks related to moving
parts (A moving transmission
parts B moving parts directly
involved in the process

5.3.2

1.4.1 Required characteristics of


guards and protective devices

5.3.2, 5.3.6

1.4.2 Special requirements for


guards

5.2.5, 5.4.4, 5.4.11

1.5.1 Electricity supply

5.4.9

1.5.2 Static electricity

5.2.5, 5.4.6

1.5.3 Energy supply other than


electricity

5.4.10

1.5.4 Errors of fitting

5.4.1

1.5.6 Fire

5.4.2

1.5.8 Noise

5.4.7

1.5.11 External radiation

5.4.8

1.5.12 Laser equipment

5.4.3

1.5.13 Emission of dust, gases


etc.

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

5.4.12

1.6.1 Machinery maintenance

5.2.2, 5.3.6, 5.4.12

1.6.2 Access to operating


position and servicing

5.4.11

1.6.3 Isolation of energy sources

5.2.2, 5.3.3, 5.3.6, 5.4.5, 5.4.12, 1.6.4 Operator intervention


6.3
5.4.3, 6.3

1.6.5 Cleaning of internal parts

5.3.3, 5.4.5, 6.3

1.7.0 Information devices

6.1

1.7.1 Warning devices

5.4.8, 6.3

1.7.2 Warning of residual risks

6.2

1.7.3 Marking

6.3

1.7.4 Instructions
2.3 Machinery for working wood
and analogous materials

5.3.5

a) guiding

5.3.3.5, 6.3

b) ejection

5.3.4

c) brake

WARNING: Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling within
the scope of this standard.

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EN 1870-17:2007 (E)

Bibliography

[1]

EN 614-2:2000, Safety of machinery Ergonomic design principles Part 2: Interactions between the
design of machinery and work tasks

[2]

EN 953:1997, Safety of machinery - Guards - General requirements for the design and construction of
fixed and movable guards

[3]

EN 1870-11:2003, Safety of woodworking machines Circular sawing machines Part 11: Semiautomatic and automatic horizontal cross-cut sawing machines with one saw unit (radial arm saws)

[4]

EN 12779:2004, Safety of woodworking machines - Chip and dust extraction systems with fixed
installation - Safety related performances and safety requirements

[5]

EN ISO 13849-2:2003 , Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 2:


Validation (ISO 13849-2:2003)

[6]

EN 60745-1:2006 Hand-held motor-operated electric tools - Safety - Part 1: General requirements


(IEC 60745-1:2006, modified)

[7]

EN 60745-2-2:2003, Hand-held motor-operated electric tools - Safety - Part 2-2:


requirements for screwdrivers and impact wrenches (IEC 60745-2-2:2003, modified)

[8]

EN 60947-4-1:2001, Low-voltage switchgear and control gear Part 4-1: Contactors and motor
starters Electromechanical contactors and motor starters (IEC 60947-4-1: 2000)

[9]

EN 60947-5-1:2004, Low-voltage switchgear and control gear Part 5-1: Control circuit devices and
switching elements Electromechanical control circuit devices (IEC 60947-5-1:2003)

[10]

EN 61029-1:2000, Safety of transportable motor-operated electric


requirements (IEC 61029- 1:1990, modified)

tools - Part 1: General

[11]

prEN 61029-2-2:1997, Safety of transportable motor-operated electric


requirements for radial arm saws (IEC 61029-2-2:1993, modified)

tools - Part 2: Particular

[12]

EN ISO 11688-2:2000, Acoustics Recommenced practice for the design of low- noise machinery and
equipment Part 2: Introduction to the physics of low-noise design (ISO TR 11688-2:1998)

[13]

HD 21.1 S4:2002, Cables of rated voltages up to and including 450/750V and having thermoplastic
insulation Part 1: General requirements

[14]

HD 22.1 S4:2002, Cables of rated voltages up to and including 450/750V and having cross-linked
insulation Part 1: General requirements

Particular

45

Licensed Copy: Gilbert Athens, University of Birmingham, 07/06/2008 01:11, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BS EN
1870-17:2007

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