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What isa Slab (Structural definition)

A slab is a broad, flat plate, usually horizontal, with top and bottom

surfaces parallel or nearly parallel.

In RC Construction, slabs are used to provide flat, useful surfaces.

The slab in buildings is the primary element that resists the applied loads.

May be edge supported, or directly supported by the columns.

Floor Slab Types

One-Way Slab or One Way Construction

In Terms of Dimension

lb

lb

la

One Way Slab:

m = la/lb < 0.50

la

Two Way Slab:

m = la/lb > 0.50

the short span only

lengths

along the short span only

span lengths

Values shown are valid for normal weight concrete and Grade 60 reinforcement (Fy=414 Mpa)

For Fy other than 414 Mpa, the values will be multiplied by (0.4+fy/700)

1. The simplest approach in analysing One-way Slabs is to assume

that the slab is a rectangular beam with a large width to depth ratio

and that this beam can be divided into 1-m strips.

1m

1m

1m

lb

1m

1m

la

2. Then you can take a single strip and analyse it as a beam with a

b=1m and a certain h(determined thickness)

1m

d

h

h

1m

la

Section of 1m strip

for Slabs.

@PortionsCriticaltobending

S

max

= 2h

@Portionswherebendingisnotcritical

S

= 380 (280/fs) 2.5 Cc

max

S

max

= 300 (280/fs)

Astemp = .002 bh

For fy = 414 Mpa (Gr 60)

Astemp = .0018 bh

Max spacing of Temperature Bars as per NSCP = 5h

-Asdiscont = (+Asmispan)/3

Examples

Determine the required reinforcement for the slab of the structural system shown below.

G-1

fc=21 Mpa

Fy = 275 Mpa

B-1

J-1

5m

B-1

G-1

2.0m

2.0m

LL = 2.4 KPa

The problem requires the amount of reinforcement of the beam (As)

When it comes to formulas, beams and slabs share the same

formulas when it comes to flexure. So, the same formula applies

for slabs in terms of As.

As =

M

fs j d

Our example shows the slab being supported by beams on both ends while

a joist supports it along the midspan. We can say that this is a slab which

is continuous on one end because of the mid support.

W in Kn/m

As per NSCP, for a solid one way slab continuous over one support:

t = L/24 = 3.0/24 = 0.125 m or 125 mm

Take note that the uniform load W is in KN/m, while the given date is in

Kn/m2. This simply means you need to multiply the given data to a

tributary width. For one way slabs or slabs in general this is taken to be

1m only since we analyse the slabs in 1m strips

Given:

Wtslab = unit weight of concrete x thickness

= 24 Kn/m3 x 0.125

Wtslab = 3.0 Kn/m2

LL = 2.4 Kn/m2

WLL = 2.4 ( 1 m] ) = 2.4 Kn/m

Then the total load on the joist is simply the sum of these two:

WT = 6.6 + 2.4 = 9.0 Kn/m

For simplicity slabs can be assumed to act as simply supported. But if a more

accurate analysis is required, then moment values will be computed by shear and

moment diagram.

Substituting, Mmax =

Wt L2

8

9.0 (3)2

8

Step 4: Compute for As.

This step is simply filling up the formula

M

fs j d

As =

fs = 0.40 (275)

fs = 110 MPa

j = 1 k/3

Solve for :

k=

n

n + (fs/fc)

n = 12

fc = .45 fc

fc = .45 (21)

fc = 9.45 Mpa

k=

fy =275 Mpa

h = 125mm

Cc = Concrete Cover

= 20 mm

b = Bar diameter

= 12 mm

d = 125 - 20 (12/2)

d = 99 mm

12

12 + (110/9.45)

k = 0.508

j = 1 0.508/3

j = .8308

Substitute everything to the formula

As =

10.125

110x1000 (.8308)(.099)

Step 5: Compute for bar spacing.

For slabs it is easier to implement at site if

the plans will indicate the spacing of the

rebars rather than the number.

S = Ab (1000)

As

Ab = Area of rebar

Area of 12mm rebar = 113 mm2

S = 113 (1000)

1119

s = 101.06 mm say 100 mm

For Grade 40 bars

Astemp = .002 bh

to the main reinforcement. These prevent

the slab from cracking due to constant

changes in temperature.

Astemp = 250 mm2

S = Ab (1000)

As

S = 113 (1000)

250

s = 452 mm say 450 mm < 5 x (125 ) = 625mm

Use s = 450mm

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