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BureauofFisheriesandAquaticResources(BFAR)Employees

Union,RegionalOfficeNo.VII,CebuCityv.Commissionon
Audit
DateofPromulgation:August13,2008
Petition:ReviewoncertiorariofthedecisionandresolutionoftheCommissionon
AuditLegalandAdjudicationOffice
Plaintiffandappellee:BFAREmployeesUnion,RegionalOfficeNo.VII
Defendantandappellants:CommissiononAudit
Facts:
BFAREmployeesUnionissuedResolutionNo.01requestingtheBFARCentral
OfficeforaFoodBasketallowancetoalleviatehighcostofliving.
CesarM.Drilon,Jr.,UndersecretaryforFisheriesandLivestockofthe
DepartmentofAgricultureapproved(P10,000.00eachtothe130employeesof
BFARRegionVIIforatotalofP1,322,682.00).
CommissiononAuditLegalandAdjudicationOffice(COALAO)disallowedthe
grantofFoodBasketAllowance.
Petitionersmotionforreconsiderationandappealwerebothdenied.Hencethis
appeal
Issue:
1. WoNthedisallowanceisunconstitutionalasitcontravenesSecs.9and10,Art.II
ofthe1987Constitution
2. WoNtheapprovaloftheUndersecretaryforFisheriesandLivestock(Drilon)is
tantamounttotheauthorityfromthepresident
3. WoNthefoodbasketallowanceconformswithSec.12oftheSalary
StandardizationLaw
4. WoNthefoodbasketallowanceisnotincludedintheNationalCompensation
CircularNo.59(ListofallowancesthatareintegratedintotheBasicSalary)
Ratio:
1. No.ThesocialjusticeprovisionsoftheConstitutionarenotselfexecuting
principles.Togivethemeffect,legislativeenactmentisrequired.
2. No.DAUndersecretaryhasnotauthoritytograntanyallowancetotheemployees
ofBFAR.(BasedonSection4.5ofBudgetCircularNo.16)
3. No.Thebenefitsexcludedfromthestandardsalaryratesarethosewhichare
grantedtoemployeesforthereimbursementoftheexpensesincurredinthe
performanceoftheirofficialfunctions.Thefoodbasketallowanceisnota
reimbursement.ItisaformoffinancialassistancetoemployeesoftheBFAR.

4. Yes.Thefoodbasketallowancefallsunderthe14thcategory(incentive
allowance/fee/pay).Thusitisalreadyincorporatedintheirsalaryandcanno
longerbegrantedbythegovernment
Held:PetitionisDENIED.DecisionofCOALAOisAFFIRMED.
Notes:
Sec.9,ArtII.(1987Constitution).
TheStateshallpromoteajustanddynamicsocialorderthatwillensurethe
prosperityandindependenceofthenationandfreethepeoplefrompoverty
throughpoliciesthatprovideadequatesocialservices,promotefullemployment,
arisingstandardofliving,andanimprovedqualityoflifeforall.
Sec.10,ArtII.(1987Constitution).
TheStateshallpromotesocialjusticeinallphasesofnationaldevelopment.
Section4.5ofBudgetCircularNo.16
Allagenciesareherebyprohibitedfromgrantinganyfood,rice,giftchecks,or
anyotherformofincentives/allowances exceptthoseauthorizedvia
AdministrativeOrderbytheOfficeofthePresident.
Sec12ofSalaryStandardizationlaw
Allkindsofallowancesareintegratedinthestandardizedsalaryratesexcept
(7)suchotheradditionalcompensationnototherwisespecifiedhereinasmaybe
determinedbytheDBM