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Sampling Distributions

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You are on page 1of 3

Page 1 of 3

1. Consider a parent population with mean 75 and a standard deviation 7. The population

doesn't appear to have extreme skewness or outliers.

A. What are the mean and standard deviation of the distribution of sample means

for n = 40? (2 points)

B. What's the shape of the distribution? Explain your answer in terms of the

Central Limit Theorem. (1 point)

C. What proportion of the sample means of size 40 would you expect to be 77 or

less? If you use your calculator, show what you entered. (1 point)

D. Draw a sketch of the probability you found in part C. (1 point)

2. Suppose over several years of offering AP Statistics, a high school finds that final exam

scores are normally distributed with a mean of 78 and a standard deviation of 6.

A. What are the mean, standard deviation, and shape of the distribution of x-bar

for n = 50? (2 points)

B. What's the probability a sample of scores will have a mean greater than 80?

(1 point)

C. Sketch the distribution curve for part B, showing the area that represents the

probability you found. (1 point)

3. Suppose college faculty members with the rank of professor at two-year institutions earn

an average of $52,500 per year with a standard deviation of $4,000. In an attempt to

verify this salary level, a random sample of 60 professors was selected from a personnel

database for all two-year institutions in the United States.

A. What are the mean and standard deviation of the sampling distribution for

n = 60? (2 points)

B. What's the shape of the sampling distribution for n = 60? (1 point)

C. Calculate the probability the sample mean x-bar is greater than $55,000.

(1 point)

D. If you drew a random sample with a mean of $55,000, would you consider this

sample unusual? What conclusions might you draw? (1 point)

______________________________

Copyright 2011 Apex Learning Inc. (See Terms of Use at www.apexvs.com/TermsOfUse)

AP Statistics

Assignment: Sampling Distributions

Page 2 of 3

per square inch. To check the quality of the paper, a random sample of ten pieces of

paper is selected each hour from the previous hour's production and a strength

measurement is recorded for each. The distribution of strengths is known to be normal

and the standard deviation, computed from many samples, is known to equal 2 pounds

per square inch. The mean is known to be 21 pounds per square inch.

A. What are the mean and standard deviation of the sampling distribution for

n = 10? (2 points)

B. What's the shape of the sampling distribution for n = 10? (1 point)

C. Draw a random sample of size 10 from this distribution and compute the mean

of the sample, using the randNorm function on your calculator. On a TI-83/84

store the values in L1: MATH [PRB] randNorm(21,2,10) STO [L1]. On a TI-89

Store the values in list1: seq(randNorm(21,2),x,1,10,1) -> list1.

On the TI-83/84 you can then get the mean of the values by doing 1Var stats

on the values in L1. Then Press STAT, arrow to calc, select 1-Var stats, Press

ENTER, then 2nd [L1] ENTER.

On the TI-89 you can then get the mean of the values by doing 1-Var Stats on

the values in list1. Enter List Editor, then press F4: 1:1-Var Stats.... Enter list1

as your list and press ENTER twice to do the calculation.

Write down all your sample values. What are the mean and sample standard

deviation of this sample? Compare them with the mean and standard deviation

of the parent population, and explain why they're different or the same.

(2 points)

D. Using the mean and standard deviation of the sampling distribution (from part

A), calculate the probability of getting a sample mean less than what you got.

If you use a calculator, show what you entered. (2 points)

5. Suppose a random sample of n = 25 observations is selected from a normal population,

with mean 106 and standard deviation 12.

A. Find the probability that x-bar exceeds 110. Show the mean and standard

deviation you used. (2 points)

B. Find the probability that the sample mean deviates from the population mean

= 106 by no more than 4. (1 point)

C. Sketch the probability distribution from part B, showing the area that

represents the probability you found. (1 point)

______________________________

Copyright 2011 Apex Learning Inc. (See Terms of Use at www.apexvs.com/TermsOfUse)

AP Statistics

Assignment: Sampling Distributions

Page 3 of 3

Acknowledgements

Question 3:

This question is based on question 7.24 (c & d) from page 261 of Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Tenth

Edition, by W. Mendenhall, R. Beaver, and B. Beaver. Copyright 1999 by Brooks Cole, division of Thompson

Learning Incorporated. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission of the publisher.

Question 4:

This question is based on question 7.26 from page 262 of Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Tenth Edition,

by W. Mendenhall, R. Beaver, and B. Beaver. Copyright 1999 by Brooks Cole, division of Thompson Learning

Incorporated. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission of the publisher.

Question 4:

This question is based on question 7.20 from page 261 of Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Tenth Edition,

by W. Mendenhall, R. Beaver, and B. Beaver. Copyright 1999 by Brooks Cole, division of Thompson Learning

Incorporated. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission of the publisher.

______________________________

Copyright 2011 Apex Learning Inc. (See Terms of Use at www.apexvs.com/TermsOfUse)

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