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LIFE IN THE UK - CHAPTER 2 - POINTS TO REMEMBER

16TH AND 18TH CENTURIES - HUGUENOTS (FRENCH PROTESTANTS) CAME TO BRITAIN


TO ESCAPE RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION
MID 1840s IRISH MIGRATED DUE TO FAMINE IN IRELAND
1880 - 1910 - JEWISH TO ESCAPE RACIST ATTACKS BY RUSSIAN EMPIRE (POLAND, UKRAINE & BELARUS)
1948 - WEST INDIES WERE INVITED FOR RECONSTRUCTION
1950s - WEST INDIES FOR BUS DRIVERS
1950s - AGENTS WERE SENT TO INDIA AND PAKISTAN

MIGRATION FELL IN 1960s AND EARLY 1970s - MIGRATION RESTRICTION LAW PASSED
IMMIGRANTS FM AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND AND CANADA CAME DURING THIS PERIOD
1972 - INDIANS FROM UGANDA - 28,000
1970s - VIETNAM
1979 - MORE THAN 25,000 REFUGEES FROM SOUTH EAST ASIA
1980s - US, AUSTRALIA, SOUTH AFRICA AND NEW ZEALAND
1990s - SOVIET UNION

UNTIL 1857 WOMEN HAD NO RIGHT TO DIVORCE HER HUSBAND


UNTIL 1882 WOMAN EARNINGS, PROPERTY AND MONEY BELONGED TO HER HUSBAND
1918 (END OF WW I) WOMEN OVER 30 RIGHT TO VOTE
1928 - WOMEN RIGHT TO VOTE AT 21

WOMEN
51% OF POPULATION
TODAY THREE-QUARTERS OF WOMEN WITH SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN ARE IN PAID WORK
AVG HOURLY PAY FOR WOMEN IS 20% LESS THAN MEN

15M CHILDREN AND YOUNG AGE UP TO AGE 19. ONE-QUARTER OF UK POPULATION.


65% OF CHILDREN LIVE WITH BOTH BIRTH PARENTS
25% LIVE IN LONE-PARENT FAMILIES
10% LIVE WITH A STEP FAMILY
7, 11 AND 14 - NATIONAL TESTS - ENGLAND
PRIMARY SCHOOL STAGES
ENGLAND/WALES 5 TO 11
SCOTLAND 5 TO 12
N IRELAND 4 TO 11
ONE IN THREE GO ON TO HIGHER EDUCATION
2 M CHILDREN ARE AT WORK AT ONE TIME
AGE OF VOTING - 18
1 IN 5 FIRST-TIME VOTERS USED THEIR VOTE

86% TAKE PART IN COMMUNITY EVENTS


50% TAKE PART IN FUND-RAISING FOR CHARITY
LIFE IN THE UK - CHAPTER 3 - POINTS TO REMEMBER
NORTH COAST OF SCOTLAND TO SOUTH COAST OF ENGLAND = 600M/1000KM
POPULATION LONGEST DISTANCE NORTH TO SOUTH-WEST = 870 Miles / 1400KM
UK - 2005 Mln % 2001 Census DISTANCE TO COAST = 70 Miles / 120 km
ENGLAND 50.1 84% 49.1 LONGEST DISTANCE EAST TO WEST = 320 Miles / 500 km
SCOTLAND 5.1 8% DIALECTS OF ENGLAND
WALES 2.9 5% GEORDIE TYNESIDE
N IRELAND 1.7 3% SCOUSE LIVERPOOL
59.8 100% COCKNEY LONDON

POPULATION GROWTH SINCE 1971 7.70% GAELIC WALES


POPULATION GROWTH SINCE 1951 17% GAELIC ALSO SPOKEN IN HIGHLANDS & ISLANDS OF SCOTLAND
ETHNIC DIVERSITY 7.9% TO 8.3% OF UK ULSTER SCOTS N IRELAND
HALF OF THESE WERE BORN IN UK
RELIGION - 2001 %
UK - 2001 Mln % CHRISTIAN (10% R CATHOLIC) 71.6%
WHITE 54.2 92.0% MUSLIM 2.7%
MIXED 0.7 1.2% HINDU 1.0%
INDIAN 1.1 1.8% SIKH 0.6%
PAKISTANI 0.7 1.3% JEWISH 0.5%
BANGLADESHI 0.3 0.5% BUDDHIST 0.3%
OTHER ASIAN 0.2 0.4% OTHER 0.3%
BLACK CARIBBEAN 0.6 1.0% TOTAL 77.0%
BLACK AFRICAN 0.5 0.8% NO RELIGION 15.5%
BLACK OTHER 0.1 0.2% NOT STATED 7.3%
CHINESE 0.2 0.4% TOTAL 99.8%
OTHERS 0.2 0.4%
TOTAL 58.8 100.0% CHURCH OF ENGLAND = ANGLICAN CHURCH / EPISCOPAL CHURCH
CHURCH OF SCOTLAND = KIRK
SPIRITUAL LEADER OF COE IS ARCHBISHOP OF CANTEBURY
45% OF ETHNIC MINORITY LIVE IN LONDON CHURCH OF SCOTLAND IS PREBYTERIAL
ETHNIC % IN UK BY COUNTRY
ENGLAND 9%
SCOTLAND 2% PATRON SAINTS' DAYS - DPGA
WALES 2% ST DAVID - WALES 1-Mar
N IRELAND < 1% ST PATRICK - N IRELAND 17-Mar HOLIDAY
ST GEORGE - ENGLAND 23-Apr
VALENTINE'S DAY 14-Feb ST ANDREW - SCOTLAND 30-Nov
APRIL FOOL'S DAY 1-Apr
MOTHER'S DAY Sunday three weeks before Easter
HALLOWEEN 31-Oct
GUY FAWKES NIGHT 5-Nov France
REMEMBRANCE DAY 11-Nov

BIRTH RATE IN UK SLIGHTLY INCREASED IN 2003


LIFE IN THE UK - CHAPTER 4 - POINTS TO REMEMBER

QUEEN - HEAD OF STATE IN UK


QUEEN - HEAD OF STATE FOR MANY COUNTRIES IN COMMONWEALTH
ADVISE, WARN AND ENCOURAGE THE PM ON DECISIONS
QUEEN HAS REIGNED SINCE 1952

646 CONSTITUENCEIS IN UK
WHIPS ARE SMALL GROUP OF MPs

78 SEATS FOR UK IN EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT


PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION SYSTEM - EP, WALES, SCOT. & NI EXCEPT ENGLAND
PM'S COUNTRY HOUSE IS CALLED CHEQUERS
PM APPOINTS PEERS
LIFE PEERS APPOINTED BY QUEEN ON THE ADVICE OF PM
732 PEERS
OUT OF WHICH 600 APPOINTED FOR LIFE
92 HEREDITARY PEERS

PRESSURE AND LOBBY GROUPS INFLUENCE GOVT POLICY


CIVIL SERVANTS ARE MANAGERS & ADMINISTRATORS WHO CARRY OUT GOVT POLICY
POLITICALLY NEUTRAL AND PROFESSIONAL

NORTHERN IRELAND PARLIAMENT FORMED 1922 & ABOLISHED IN 1972


NORTHERN IRELAND GOOD FRIDAY AGREEMENT SIGNED IN 1998
1999 - WELSH ASSEMBLY, A SCOTTISH PARLIAMENT AND PERIODIAL N IRELAND ASSEMBLY

WELSH ASSEMBLY - 60 MEMBERS


SCOTTISH PARLIAMENT - 129 MEMBERS ONE HAS THE RIGHT TO HAVE YOUR NAME PLACED ON THE
N IRELAND ASSEMBLY - 108 MEMBERS ELECTORAL REGISTER IF YOU ARE AGED 18 OR OVER
AND A CITIZEN OF THE UNITED KINGDOM, THE COMMONWEALTH,
33 LOCAL AUTHORITIES (COUNCILS) IN LONDON OR A EUROPEAN UNION MEMBER STATE. CITIZENS OF THE UNITED
20% FUNDED BY COUNCIL TAX KINGDOM, THE COMMONWEALTH, AND THE IRISH REPUBL
VOTING AGE FROM 1969 IS 18

53 COUNTRIES IN COMMONWEALTH - 1.7 BILLION POPULATION


EU (EEC) 1957
UK BECAME PART OF EU IN 1973
2004 - TEN NEW MEMBER COUNTRIES JOINED
2006 - TWO NEW MEMBERS
TOTAL 27 MEMBER COUNTRIES

COUNCIL OF EU (COUNCIL OF MINISTERS) GOVERN EU - 1949


EUROPEAN COMMISSION - BRUSSELS, BELGIUM
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT - STRASBOURG, FRANCE
78 SEATS FOR REPRESENTATIVES FROM THE UK IN THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

UN - OVER 190 COUNTRIES


IN GOVT, SURGERIES ARE WHEN THE MP OPENS HIS DOORS TO MEET INDIVIDUALS TO DISCUSS MATTERS

PERMANENT RESIDENTS HAVE ALL CIVIL AND WELFARE RIGHTS EXCEPT THE RIGHT TO HOLD A BRITISH PASSPORT
AND A GENERAL RIGHT TO VOTE

SPIN DOCTORS ARE SPOKESMEN AND WOMEN OF POLITICAL PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR OWN VIEWS ON THINGS
LIFE IN THE UK - CHAPTER 5 - POINTS TO REMEMBER

TWO-THIRDS IN UK OWN HOME


FIRST POINT FOR PURCHASE OF HOME - ESTATE AGENT EXCEPT SCOTLAND
FIRST POINT FOR PURCHASE OF HOME - SOLICITOR FOR SCOTLAND
PRESCRIPTIONS FREE
UNDER 16 (UNDER 25 IN WALES)
UNDER 19 AND IN FULL-TIME EDUCATION
AGED 60 OR OVER
PREGNANT OR WITH BABY UNDER 12 MONTHS
SPECIFIED MEDICAL CONDITION
RECEIVING INCOME SUPPORT, JOBSEEKERS' ALLOWANCE, WORKING FAMILITIES OR DISABILITIES TAX CREDIT

EMERGENCY 999/112

FREE DENTAL TREATMENT


UNDER 18 (IN WALES UNDER 25 AND OVER 60)
PREGNANT OR WITH BABY UNDER 12 MONTHS
RECEIVING INCOME SUPPORT, JOBSEEKERS' ALLOWANCE, WORKING FAMILITIES OR DISABILITIES TAX CREDIT

OPTICIANS FREE
OVER 60 OF AGE
PEOPLE RECEIVING CERTAIN BENEFITS
SCOTLAND - EYE TESTS ARE FREE

REGISTRATION OF BIRTH WITHIN 6 WEEKS AT REGISTER OFFICE


SCHOOLS MUST BE OPEN 190 DAYS A YEAR
COLOUR TV LICENCE - £131.50 (2006)
PEOPLE AGED 75 - FREE TV LICENCE
BLIND PEOPLE - 50% TV LICENCE
TENANTS AT SHARED ACCOMDN TO PAY
Year Description
1500 - 1700 Huguenots (French Protestants) Came To Britain To Escape Religious Persecution
1534 Anglican Church came into existence
1605 Guy Fawkes - Gun Power Plot - Nov 5
1840s Irish Migrated Due To Famine In Ireland
1857 Women Got Right To Divorce Her Husband
1880 - 1910 Jewish To Escape Racist Attacks By Russian Empire (Poland, Ukraine & Belarus)
1801 Census Started
1882 Woman Earnings, Property And Money Belonged To Her Husband
1914 - 1918 World War I
1918 Women Over 30 Right To Vote
1922 Northern Ireland Parliament Formed
1928 Women Right To Vote At 21
1939 - 1945 World War II
1948 NHS Began
1948 West Indies & Ireland Were Invited For Reconstruction
1949 Council of Europe Created
1950s West Indies For Bus Drivers
1950s Agents Were Sent To India And Pakistan
1957 EU Started
1960 - 1970 Migration Fell - Migration Restriction Law Passed - Immigrants Fm Australia, New Zealand And Canada Came During This Period
1960 - 1970 Parliament passed rules prohibiting employers from discriminating against women
1969 Voting age changed to 18
1970s Vietnam
1972 Indians From Uganda - 28,000
1972 Northern Ireland Parialment Abolished
1973 UK became part of EU
1979 More Than 25,000 Refugees From South East Asia
1980s Us, Australia, South Africa And New Zealand
1980s - 1990s
Fall of the Iron Curtain and the break-up of the Soviet Union
1997 Devolved Administration started for Wales and Scotland
1998 Northern Ireland Good Friday Agreement Signed
1999 Welsh Assembly, A Scottish Parliament And Periodial N Ireland Assembly
2004 Ten Countries Joined EU
2006 Two More Countries Joined EU
2006 Northern Ireland Assembly Suspended
g This Period
Number Description
10% Children Live With Step Family
20% Percent Of Women Earn Lower Than Men
20% Funded By Council Tax
25% Children In UK
25% Children Live With Lone Parents
1/3 Go On To Higher Education
45% Women UK Labour
50% Children Take Part In Fund Raising
51% Women Population
65% Children Live With Both Parents
75% Proportions of Women with children working
86% Children Take Part In Community Events
20 Senior Mps In The Cabinet
27 Countries In EU
33 Local Authorities In The UK
50 Member States of EU working together to protect Human Rights
53 Countries In Commonwealth
78 Seats For UK In EU Parliament
92 Hereditery Peers
190 Countries In UN
190 Days School Must Be Open
£500 The Deposit Required For Candidates Standing As A Member For The Scottish Parliament Or The Welsh Or Northern Ireland Assemblies
600 Life Peers Appointed By Queen With Advice Of The PM
646 Constituenceis In UK
732 Peers
£5,000 The Deposit Required For Candidates Standing As A Member For UK Parliament
### Children Are Working At One Time
### Children In UK
UK - 2001 Mln % Religion - 2001 %
White 54.2 92.0% Christian (10% Catholic) 71.6%
Indian 1.1 1.8% Muslim 2.7%
Pakistani 0.7 1.3% Hindu 1.0%
Mixed 0.7 1.2% Sikh 0.6%
Black Caribbean 0.6 1.0% Jewish 0.5%
Black African 0.5 0.8% Buddhist 0.3%
Bangladeshi 0.3 0.5% Other 0.3%
Other Asian 0.2 0.4% Total 77.0%
Chinese 0.2 0.4% No Religion 15.5%
Others 0.2 0.4% Not Stated 7.3%
Black Other 0.1 0.2% Total 99.8%
TOTAL 58.8 100.0%
Parliament Members
ETHNIC % IN UK BY COUNTRY - 7.9% Wales 60
England 9% N Ireland 108
Scotland 2% Scotland 129
Wales 2%
N Ireland < 1% UK - 2005 Mln % 2001 - Mln
England 50.1 84% 49.1
Valentine's Day 14-Feb Scotland 5.1 8%
April Fool's Day 1-Apr Wales 2.9 5%
Mother's Day Sun 3 weeks b4 Easter N Ireland 1.7 3%
Halloween 31-Oct 59.8 100%
Guy Fawkes Night 5-Nov
Remembrance Day 11-Nov Dialects Of England
Geordie Tyneside
Patron Saints' Days - Dpga Scouse Liverpool
St David Wales 1-Mar Cockney London
St Patrick N Ireland 17-Mar
St George England 23-Apr
St Andrew Scotland 30-Nov