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Listing References Correctly

You should be recording and citing sources according to Modern Language Association (MLA) style. Use the following information
to make sure that you are correctly formatting your references, or try using one of the following Websites to help build them:

 Citation Machine (click on the “MLA” button on the left-hand side of the page and then select the type of source you are
referencing): http://citationmachine.net/
 EasyBib: Free Bibliography Maker (Select the type of source, then type in the required information):
http://www.easybib.com/
 MLA Citation Generator (Select the type of source, then type in the required information):
http://www.palomar.edu/dsps/actc/mla/

Books:
Author Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium
of Publication.

Example(s): Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin, 1987. Print.

Reference Books: (Encyclopedias, Dictionaries, etc.)


“Entry Name.” Title of Publication. Edition. Publication Year. Medium of Publication.

Example(s): "Ideology." The American Heritage Dictionary. 3rd ed. 1997. Print.

Magazine and Newspaper Articles:


Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Periodical. Day Month Year: pages. Medium of publication.

Example(s): Poniewozik, James. "TV Makes a Too-Close Call." Time. 20 Nov. 2000: 70-71. Print.

A Work (Such as a Poem or Short Story) in an Anthology or Collection


Author Last Name, First Name. "Title of Poem/Story." Title of Anthology/Collection. Ed. Editor’s Name(s). Place of Publication:
Publisher, Year. Pages of Poem/Story. Print.

Example(s): Burns, Robert. “Red, Red Rose.” 100 Best-Loved Poems. Ed. Philip Smith. New
York: Dover, 1995. 25-26. Print.

Journal/Magazine Articles from an Online Database


Author Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Title of Magazine/Journal. Publication Date: Page Numbers. Database/Website
Name. Web. Date of Access.

Example(s): Junge, Wolfgang, and Nathan Nelson. “Nature’s Rotary Electromotors.” Science. 29
April 2005: 642-44. Science Online. Web. 5 March 2009.

Langhamer, Claire. “Love and Courtship in Mid-Twentieth-Century England.”


Historical Journal. 50.1 (2007): 173-96. ProQuest. Web. 27 May 2009.

Entire Websites:
Author or Editor (if available). Name of Site. Version number. Name of institution/organization affiliated
with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (type n.d. if not available). Medium of
publication. Date of access.

Example(s): The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue
University, 2008. Web. 23 April 2008.

Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue University, 28 Nov.
2003. Web. 10 May 2006.
Pages, Articles, or Videos from Websites:
Author or Editor (if available). “Title of Page or Article.” Name of Site. Version number. Name of
institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (type
n.d. if not availablel). Medium of publication. Date of access.

Example(s): "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow.com. eHow, n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2009.

Images, Paintings, or Photographs:


Author. Title of Work. The Date of Creation. Institution Where Work is Housed, City of Institution. Name
of Website Where You Viewed the Work, the Medium of Publication, the Date of Access.

Example(s): Klee, Paul. Twittering Machine. 1922. Museum of Modern Art, New York. The
Artchive. Web. 22 May 2006.

Online-Only Artwork/Photographs:
Author or Username. “Title of Piece.” Medium (such as Photograph or Artwork). Name of Website. Name of organization/individual
running the Website, Date of Posting of Piece. Web. Date of Access.

Example(s): Brandychloe. “Great Horned Owl Family.” Photograph. Webshots. American


Greetings, 22 May 2006. Web. 5 November 2009.

Other Digital Files (PDFs, MP3s, JPEGs, GIFs, etc.)


Artist/Username. Name of Piece (in italics if song, in quotations if article/photo). Date of Creation. Medium of Publication.

Example(s): Beethoven, Ludwig van. Moonlight Sonata. 2006. MP3.

E-mails (Including E-mail Interviews)


Author of the Message. “Subject Line.” State to whom the Message Was Sent. Date Message Was Sent.
Medium of Publication.

Example(s): Neyhart, David. "Re: Online Tutoring." Message to Joe Barbato. 1 Dec. 2000. E-mail.

Listservs, Discussion Groups, or Blog Postings:


Author, Editor, or Compiler name (if available). “Posting Title.” Name of Site. Version number (if
available). Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher). Medium of
publication. Date of access.

Example(s): Salmar1515 [Sal Hernandez]. “Re: Best Strategy: Fenced Pastures vs. Max Number
of Rooms?” BoardGameGeek. BoardGameGeek, 29 Sept. 2008. Web. 5 Apr.
2009.

Personal Interviews:
Name of Interviewee. Type Personal interview. Date of Interview.

Example(s): Purdue, Pete. Personal interview. 1 Dec. 2000.

Movies:
Title of Movie. The Director. The Film Studio, the Release Year. List Film as Medium of Publication.

Example(s): The Usual Suspects. Dir. Bryan Singer. Polygram, 1995. Film.

Songs:
Artist or Band. “Title of Song.” Title of Album. Recording Company, Publication Date. Medium of
Publication.

Example(s): Foo Fighters. In Your Honor. RCA, 2005. CD.