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Preparatory Rudiments

RCM EXAMINATIONS
Official Examination Papers

2009 Edition

Preparatory Rudiments
The formal study of theory allows students to identify and explore elements that already form the basis of their
musical experience. It also builds aural awareness, develops analytical thinking, and encourages the creative impulse.
The study of Rudiments introduces students to the basic elements and notational conventions of music the building
blocks of musical grammar.
Preparatory Rudiments, our first and newest examination in the Rudiments stream, will launch students in their
theoretical studies and provide an enriching context for their evolving practical studies. The questions contained in
these papers reflect the requirements outlined in the Theory Syllabus, 2009 Edition.
These three Preparatory Rudiments papers are actual examination papers from the 20072008 National Music
Certificate Program examination sessions in the United States. This examination is now offered in Canada by RCM
Examinations, and it is hoped that these papers will assist students in their preparation, as well as contribute to the
ongoing development of their musicianship.
Maria Case
Chief Examiner, Theoretical Subjects

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ISBN 978-1-55440-251-9

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 1

Sample Paper 1 - Page 1 of 12

Confirmation Number

Your answers must be written INPENCIL in the space provided.


Maximum Marks

10

1. Write the FIVE notes indicated on the keyboard directly on the staff below:

M
I
D
D
L
E
C

&

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 1

10

2. For each of the following pairs of notes, circle the note which sounds LOWER.

&

w bw

& #w

Sample Paper 1 - Page 2 of 12

& w bw
?

? #w nw
bw

&

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 1

10

Sample Paper 1 - Page 3 of 12

3. a. Write the specified intervals (numerical size only) above EACH of the given notes.

ww
&

Example:

b. Name the size (number only) of the boxed intervals.

3

&b 4
A

? b 43

6
__________

Example: A

__________

__________

__________

__________

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

__________

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 1

10

Sample Paper 1 - Page 4 of 12

4. a. Draw the key signature of F major in the box.


Write the scale of F major ascending (going up). Use whole notes.
Circle both TONIC notes.

&
b. Draw the key signature of G major in the box.
Write the scale of G major descending (going down). Use whole notes.

?
c. Write the scale of C major ascending (going up), starting on the given note.
Circle both TONIC notes.

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 1

10

Sample Paper 1 - Page 5 of 12

5. Write the following TONIC triads in the given clefs. Use whole notes.

TONIC triad of G major

TONIC triad of F major

TONIC triad of C major


TONIC triad of G major

TONICtriad of F major

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

&
?

#
b

&
?#
&b
7

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 1

10

Sample Paper 1 - Page 6 of 12

6. a. Draw the following NOTES.



a quarter note

an eighth note

a dotted half note


b. Name the following RESTS.

____________________________________________
____________________________________________

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 1

10

Sample Paper 1 - Page 7 of 12

7. a. Add the correct time signature at the beginning of each excerpt, under the bracket.

&
&
&

j
.

j
.

continued.....

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 1

Sample Paper 1 - Page 8 of 12

Question 7 continued

b. Add bar lines to each of the following.

4
&4
3
&4
2
&4

10

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 1

10

Sample Paper 1 - Page 9 of 12

8. a. Draw ONE note which is equal to the combined value of the given notes:

Example:

h. q

q q q
e q e

q . e q q

=
=

b. Draw TWO notes which equal the value of each given note:

h.

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

11

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 1

10

Sample Paper 1 - Page 10 of 12

9. Draw a line connecting each Italian term or sign to its meaning.



legato
f

ritardando
allegro

slowing down gradually


fast
smoothly
loud
moderately soft

12

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 1

10

Sample Paper 1 - Page 11 of 12

10. Analyse the following piece of music by answering the questions that follow.

J.C.F. Bach

3
&4
F A

?3
4

Moderato

&

F
?


P B

..
..

continued.....

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

13

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 1

Sample Paper 1 - Page 12 of 12

a. Name the composer of this piece.

________________________________

b. What is the time signature of this piece?

________________________________

c. Circle the correct meaning of the tempo marking:

slow

Question 10 continued

moderate tempo

very fast

d. Explain the meaning of the sign in the box at letter A. ________________________________


e. Explain the meaning of the sign in the box at letter B. ________________________________
f. Explain the meaning of the sign in the box at letter C. ________________________________

14

g. Circle the highest note in this piece and name it.

________________________________

h. Circle the lowest note in this piece and name it.

________________________________

i. How many rests are there in this piece?

________________________________

j. How many F sharps are played in this piece?

________________________________

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 2

Sample Paper 2 - Page 1 of 12

Confirmation Number

Your answers must be written INPENCIL in the space provided.


Maximum Marks

10

1. Write the FIVE notes indicated on the keyboard directly on the staff below:

M
I
D
D
L
E
C

&

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

15

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 2

10

2. For each of the following pairs of notes, circle the note which sounds HIGHER.

? bw nw

& w #w
&w

16

Sample Paper 2 - Page 2 of 12

bw

? w bw
#w

& nw

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 2

10

Sample Paper 2 - Page 3 of 12

3. a. Write the specified intervals (numerical size only) above EACH of the given notes.

w
& w

Example:

b. Name the size (number only) of the boxed intervals.


B


c
&
&c

5
__________

Example: A

__________

__________

__________

__________

__________

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

17

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 2

10

Sample Paper 2 - Page 4 of 12

4. a. Write the scale of C major ascending (going up), starting on the given note.
Circle both TONIC notes.

&

b. Draw the key signature of F major in the box.


Write the scale of F major descending (going down). Use whole notes.

&
c. Draw the key signature of G major in the box.
Write the scale of G major ascending (going up). Use whole notes.

18

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 2

10

Sample Paper 2 - Page 5 of 12

5. Draw a line connecting each triad with its name.

G major in the bass clef

C major in the bass clef

C major in the treble clef


G major in the treble clef

F major in the treble clef

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

&b

ww
w

?#

ww
w

&

ww
w

?
&

ww
w

ww
w
19

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 2

10

Sample Paper 2 - Page 6 of 12

6. a. Draw the following RESTS.



a quarter rest

a whole rest

an eighth rest


b. Name the following NOTES.

q
h

20

____________________________________________
____________________________________________

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 2

10

Sample Paper 2 - Page 7 of 12

7. a. Add the correct time signature at the beginning of each excerpt, under the bracket.

&

&

j
.

&

j .

j j

j

continued.....

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

21

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 2

Sample Paper 2 - Page 8 of 12

Question 7 continued

b. Add bar lines to each of the following.

4
&4

3
&4
2
&4

22

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 2

10

Sample Paper 2 - Page 9 of 12

8. a. Draw ONE note which is equal to the combined value of the given notes:

Example:

h. q

h q q
e q e q

q . e

=
=
=

b. Draw TWO notes which equal the value of each given note:

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

23

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 2

10

Sample Paper 2 - Page 10 of 12

9. Draw a line connecting each Italian term to its meaning.



largo

at a moderate tempo

allegro

sharply detached

andante

slow; at a walking pace

staccato

very slow

moderato

fast

24

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 2

10

Sample Paper 2 - Page 11 of 12

10. Analyse the following piece of music by answering the questions that follow.

Moderato

&
&

&
p C
&

Cornelius Gurlitt
(18201901)


.
..

continued.....

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

25

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 2

Sample Paper 2 - Page 12 of 12

a. Name the composer of this piece.

________________________________

b. In what year was the composer born?

________________________________

Question 10 continued

c. Write the correct time signature directly on the music.


d. How many measures (bars) are in this piece?

________________________________

e. Explain the meaning of the sign in the box at letter A. ________________________________


f. Name the interval in the box at letter B.

________________________________

g. Explain the meaning of the sign in the box at letter C. ________________________________

26

h. Circle the highest note in this piece and name it.

________________________________

i. Circle the lowest note in this piece and name it.

________________________________

j. How many slurs are played in this piece?

________________________________

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 3

Sample Paper 3 - Page 1 of 8

Confirmation Number

Your answers must be written INPENCIL in the space provided.


Maximum Marks

10

1. Name EACH of the following notes and draw corresponding lines to the keyboard.
M
I
D
D
L
E
C

&

#w

? w
_______
10

_______

bw

w
_______

_______

_______

2. For each of the following pairs of notes, circle the note which sounds HIGHER.

#
w
n
w
&
&

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

? w bw

& w #w

? w

&

27

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 3

10

3. Name the size (number only) of EACH of the following intervals.

& ww
_______

10

w
w
_______

w
w

ww

_______

_______

ww
_______

4. Draw lines to match each of the following notes and rests to their names.

28

Sample Paper 3 - Page 2 of 8

q
w

eighth rest

quarter note

whole note

quarter rest

half note

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 3

10

Sample Paper 3 - Page 3 of 8

5. a. Draw the key signature of F major in the box.


Circle both TONIC notes of the F major scale.

w
w
w
w
w
w
w
w

b. Draw the key signature of G major in the box.


Circle one TONIC note of the G major scale.
Is this an ascending or descending scale?

&

_______________________________

w w w w w
w w w

c. Draw the correct clef in the box to make a C major scale.


Circle three TONIC notes.

w
w
w
w
w
w
w
w
w
w
www
w
w

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

29

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 3

10

6. a. Draw the following TONIC triads.

G major

C major

b. Name the following TONIC triads.

30

F major

_____________________

_____________________

Sample Paper 3 - Page 4 of 8

?#
&
?b

&
?
Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 3

10

Sample Paper 3 - Page 5 of 8

7. Add bar lines to each of the following.

2
&4

3
&4

& 44

3
&4

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

31

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 3

10

Sample Paper 3 - Page 6 of 8

8. Fill in the blanks for each of the following:


Example:

How many

How many

How many

How many

How many

How many

h = w
q = h .
e =

q = w
e =
q =

q .

2
_______________

_______________

_______________

_______________

_______________

_______________

32

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 3

10

Sample Paper 3 - Page 7 of 8

9. Circle the correct answer for each of the following.



Circle the tempo which is the fastest.

Circle the sign that is a flat.

largo

moderato

allegro

Circle the sign which means to gradually get louder.

Circle the sign which means to play the loudest.




Circle the sign which means to play smoothly.

Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

33

Preparatory Rudiments
Sample Paper 3

10

Sample Paper 3 - Page 8 of 8

Daniel Gottlob Trk


Andante
10. Analyse the following piece of music by answering the questions that follow.

&b

Andante

&b
?b
A
?b
A

Trk
. DanielJ Gottlob

J

C

. j

& b F . j
?

a. Write the correct


time signature directly on the music.
&b

b. Name the flat in the box at letter A.

________________________________

c. Which key is this piece in? (circle one)

F major C major G major

d. Name the note in the box at letter B.

________________________________

e. Name the size (number only) of the interval in the box at letter C.

_________________

f. Circle the lowest note in this piece.

________________________________

g. Name the lowest note in this piece.

________________________________

h. How many slurs are there in this piece?

________________________________

i. Is the second line of this piece louder or softer than the first? _______________________
j. Explain the meaning of Andante.
34

___________________________________________
Copyright 2009 The Frederick Harris Music Co., Limited

Practice Theory Assessments


Submit a practice paper from the RCM Examinations,
Official Examination Papers for assessment in
preparation for your actual examination.
Receive the Practice Theory Assessment, marked by a member
of the College of Examiners, in time to review the feedback in
advance of your examination. For detailed information, including
submission deadlines, please visit our websites at:
Canada: www.rcmexaminations.org
USA: www.nationalmusiccertificate.org

RCM Examinations, Official Examination Papers are invaluable resources


for ensuring thorough preparation for theory examinations. Each book contains a
combination of official and practice examinations that may be used to test knowledge
and simulate the examination experience. Three editions of each of the titles below
provide a rich source of review material and are available while quantities last.
Basic Rudiments (Preliminary Rudiments)
Intermediate Rudiments (Grade 1 Rudiments)
Advanced Rudiments (Grade 2 Rudiments)
Introductory Harmony
Basic Harmony (Grade 3 Harmony)
Intermediate Harmony (Grade 4 Harmony)
Advanced Harmony (Grade 5 Harmony and Counterpoint)
Counterpoint (Grade 4 Counterpoint)
Analysis (Grade 5 Analysis)
History 1: An Overview (Grade 3 History)
History 2: Middle Ages to Classical (Grade 4 History)
History 3: 19th Century to Present (Grade 5 History)
Piano Pedagogy Written (Elementary, Intermediate, Advanced)
One edition of the following papers is also currently available:
Basic Keyboard Harmony (Grade 3 Keyboard Harmony)
Intermediate Keyboard Harmony (Grade 4 Keyboard Harmony)
Advanced Keyboard Harmony (Grade 5 Keyboard Harmony)
Preparatory Rudiments (available online only)
Canada: www.rcmexaminations.org
USA: www.nationalmusiccertificate.org
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ISBN 978-1-55440-251-9