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Question Bank in Control Systems

1.

Any externally introduced input signal affecting the


controlled output is known as a
A. Signal
C. Stimulus
B. Feedback
D. Gain Control

2.

A power amplifying feedback control system where


in the controlled variable is mechanical position or a
time derivative of position such as velocity or
acceleration, is called
A. Servomechanism
C. Timer
B. Regulator
D. Automation

3.

A servomechanism is generally made up of


A. Power amplifier
B. Error actuated signal
C. Mechanical output
D. All of the above

4.

Under force-voltage analogy, mass is analogous to


A. Resistance
C. Inductance
B. Charge
D. Current

5.

Routh Hurwitz criterion provides


A. Roots in right half of s-plane
B. Roots in left hand of s-plane
C. Roots in right half of s-plane and/or roots on
imaginary axis
D. Roots in left half of s-plane and/or roots on
imaginary axis

6.

7.

8.

Which of the following statements is not correct for


open loop control system?
A. Less expensive
B. Generally free from problems of non-linearities
C. Input command is the sole factor responsible
for providing the control action
D. Presence of non-linearities causes malfunctioning

P s=

a/an
A. Stable system
B. Unstable system
C. Marginally stable system
D. None of these
9.

2 s+1
2
s + s+1

12. If the damping factor of a system is unity. Then the


system is
A. Overdamped
C. Under damped
B. Critically damped
D. Unstable
13. The presence of feedback in a control system
A. Increases accuracy and reduces bandwidth
B. Reduces bandwidth and increases distortion
C. Increases effects of non-linearities and reduces
distortion
D. Reduces distortion and increases bandwidth
14. The servo systems with step acceleration input is a
A. Type 0 system
B. Type 1 system
C. Type 2 systems
D. Type 3 system

The transfer function of a system can be used for


evaluating
A. Time constant
B. Feedback
C. Type of system
D. Output for a given input

The transfer function

D. Metadyne

denotes

In an open loop system the control action


A. Depends on the input signal
B. Depends on system variables
C. Depends on size of the system
D. Is independent of the output

10. The effect of error rate damping is


A. To reduce steady state error
B. Faster response
C. Faster response and reduction in steady state
error
D. Faster response and larger settling time
11. Select the one that is an open loop control system?
A. Stroboscope
B. Field controlled dc motor
C. Ward Leonard control

15. The phase margin is the amount of angle to make a


system
A. Stable
C. Exponential
B. Damped
D. Unstable
16. Regulator can be categorized as
A. Type 0 system
B. Type 1 system
C. Type 2 systems
D. Type 3 system
17. A good control system have all the following
features EXCEPT
A. Good accuracy
B. Sufficient power handling capacity
C. Slow response
D. Good stability
18. The system response can be tested better with the
help of
A. Sinusoidal input signal
B. Unit impulse input signal
C. Ramp input signal
D. Exponentially decaying signal
19. A unity feedback control system with plant 1/s(s +
3) and proportional plus integral controller would
need how many state variables for a state model
description?
A. 1
C. 3
B. 2
D. 4
20. Under force-voltage analogy, velocity is analogous
to which of the following?
A. charge
C. inductance
B. capacitance
D. current
21. In force-current analogy, capacitance is analogous
to which of the following?
A. mass
C. displacement
B. velocity
D. momentum
22. One of the following methods can be used to
determine the relative stability of a control system
A. Routh stability criterion
B. Hurwitz stability criterion
C. Root-locus technique
D. none of these
23. Routh table was constructed from the characteristic
equation of a control system. The first column of the
table contained the following integers 1, 4, 5, 6, 13.
The system is
A. Stable

B. Unstable
C. Marginally stable
D. none of these
24. Which of the following best defines a transfer
function?
A. Ratio of system response to a system input
function
B. Ratio of system input function to system
response
C. Laplace transform of system response minus
the Laplace transform of the system input
function
D. Ratio of Laplace transform of system response
to the Laplace transform of the system input
function
25. Analysis of control system by Laplace transform
technique is NOT possible for which one of the
following?
A. Linear systems
B. Time-invariant systems
C. Discrete-time systems
D. unstable continuous-time systems
26. The equivalent transfer function of three

1
parallel
blocks
G1 ( s ) =
s+1
1
s+3
and G 3 ( s )=
.
G2 ( s ) =
s+ 4
s+5
s 3+10 s2 +34 s+37
A.
( s+1)(s +4 )(s +5)
s+3
B.
(s +1)(s +4)( s+ 5)
s
2
(

3+10 s + 34 s +37 )
C.
(s+1)(s +4 )(s +5)

(s+3)
D.
(s +1)(s +4)( s+ 5)

27. The

block

having

1
G1 ( s ) =
,
s+2
s+ 1
G 3 ( s )=
s+3

transfer

1
G2 ( s ) =
s+5

are

cascaded.

B.

C.

D.
28. For

The

negative

s+1
G ( s )=
s (s +2)

feedback
and

shown

s +3
H ( s )=
s+ 4

equivalent transfer function is

D.

G1 G2
1+ H 1 G1 G2 G3
G2 G3
1+ H 1 G1 G2 G3
G2 G3
B.
G1 (1+ H 1 G2 G3 )
G1 G2
G 1 (1+ H 1 G 2 G 3 )
A.

C.

D.

30. Consider the system shown below.

Which of the following figures is the inputoutput relationship of this system?

Fig. 2

Fig. 1

and

s +10 s +37 s+31


( s+2)(s+3)( s+5)
s+1
(s +2)(s +3)(s +5)
s
( 3+10 s 2+ 37 s+ 31)
(s+2)( s+3)( s+5)

(s +1)
(s +2)(s +3)(s +5)
a

C.

29. A feedback control system is shown below.


The transfer function for this system is

functions

equivalent transfer function is


A.

s (s+2)(s +3)
s 3+7 s 2+12 s +3
( s+1)(s+ 4)
3
s +7 s 2+12 s +3
s (s +2)( s+ 3)
B.
s 3+5 s2 + 4 s3
( s+1)(s +4 )
3
s +5 s2 +4 s3
A.

Fig. 4
C. Figure 3
D. Figure 4

Fig. 3
A. Figure 1
B. Figure 2

31. A feedback control system shown below is


subjected to noise N(s). The noise transfer
function

A.
below,

B.

. The

C.

C N (s)
N (s )

is

G2
1+G1 G2 H
G2
1+G1 H
G2
1+G2 H

D. None of the above

32. A system is shown below. The transfer


function for this system is
A.
B.
C.
D.

A.
B.
C.
D.

G1 G2
1+G1 G2 H 2 +G2 H 1
G1 G2
1+G1 G2+ H 1 H 2
G1 G2
1G 1 H 1G 2 H 2+ G1 G2 H 1 H 2
G 1 G2
1+G1 H 1+G 2 H 2 +G1 G2 H 1 H 2

33. The closed loop gain of the system shown


below is

af + be + cd + abef + bcde
af + be + cd
af + be + cd + abef + abcdef
af + be + cd + cbef + bcde + abcdef

38. The overall transfer function C/R of the


system below will be

G
G
(1+ H 1)(1+ H 2 )
G
B.
1+ H 2
G
1+ H 1 + H 2
A.

C.

D.

39. In the signal flow graph shown below, the


transfer function is

A. -2
B. 6

C. -6
D. 2

34. The block diagrams below are equivalent if G


is equal to

A. 3.75
B. -3

C. 3
D. -3.75

40. The forward-path transfer function of a unity


feedback
(ufb)
system
is

G ( s )=

K (s2)(s+ 4)(s +5)


. For system
s 2+3

to be stable, the range of K is


A. K > 1/54
C. 1/54 < K <
3/40
B. K < 3/40
D. unstable
A. s + 1
B. 2

C. s + 2
D. 1

35. Consider the systems shown below. If the


forward path gain is reduced by 10% in each
system, then the variation in C1 and C2 will be
respectively

41. The forward path transfer of ufb system is

G ( s )=
A.
B.
C.
D.

1
. The system is
2
4 s (s +1)
2

stable
unstable
marginally stable
more information is required

42. The closed loop transfer function of a system


is
A. 10% and 1%
B. 2% and 10%

C. 10% and 0%
D. 5% and 1%

36. In the signal flow graph shown below, the


sum of loop gain of non-touching loops is

A. t32t23 + t44
B. t23t32 + t34t43

C. t24t43t32 + t44
D. t23t32 + t34t43 +

t44
37. The sum of the gains of the feedback paths
in the signal flow graph below is

T ( s )=

s3 + 4 s 2 +8 s +16
s5 +3 s 4 +5 s2 + s+3

. The number

of poles in right half-plane and in left halfplane are


A. 3, 2
C. 1, 4
B. 2, 3
D. 4, 1
43. For a second order system settling time is T s
= 7 s and peak time is T p = 3 s. The location
of poles are
A. -0.97 j0.69
C. -1.047

j0.571
B. -0.69 j0.97
D. -0.571

j1.047
44. For a second order system overshoot = 10%
and peak time Tp = 5 s. The location of poles
are
A. -0.46 j0.63
C. -0.74 j0.92
B. -0.63 j0.46
D. -0.92 j0.74

45. For a second order system overshoot = 12%


and settling time = 0.6 s. The location of
poles are
A. -9.88 j6.67
C. -4.38 j6.46
B. -6.67 j9.88
D. -6.46 j4.38

this is a phase-lag network, the value of


should be
A. greater than 1
B. between 0 and 1
C. exactly equal to 1
D. exactly equal to 0

46. The forward-path transfer of a ufb control


system is

G ( s )=

1000
. The
(1+0.1 s)(1+10 s)

step, ramp, and parabolic error constants are


A. 0, 1000, 0
C. 0, 0, 0
B. 1000, 0, 0
D. 0, 0, 1000
47. A system has a position error constant K p =
3. The steady state error for input of 8tu(t) is
A. 2.67
C. infinity
B. 2
D. 0
48. In the Bode-plot of a unity feedback control
system, the value of magnitude of G(j) at
the phase crossover frequency is . The gain
margin is
A. 2
C. 1/3
B. 1/2
D. 3
49. In the Bode-plot of a unity feedback control
system, the value of phase of G(j) at the
gain crossover frequency is -120o. The phase
margin of the system is
A. -120o
C. -60o
B. 60o
D. 120o
50. The Nyquist plot of an open-loop transfer
function G(j)H(j) of a system encloses th (1, j0) point. The gain margin of the system is
A. Less than zero
C. zero
B. Greater than zero
D. infinity
51. If the gain margin of a certain feedback
system is given as 20 dB, the Nyquist plot
will cross the negative real axis at the point
A. s = -0.05
C. s = -0.1
B. s = -0.2
D. s = -0.01
52. The term reset control refers to
A. Integral control
B. Derivative control
C. Proportional control
D. None of the above
53. If stability error for step input and speed of
response be the criteria for design, the
suitable controller will be
A. P controller
C. PD controller
B. PI controller
D. PID
controller
54. The transfer function (1 + 0.5s)/(1 + s)
represent a
A. Lag network
B. Lead network
C. Lag-lead network
D. Proportional controller
55. Derivative control
A. has the same effect as output rate
control
B. reduces
damping
C. is predictive in nature
D. increases the order of the system
56. The transfer function of a compensating
network is of the form (1 + Ts)/(1 + Ts). If

57. While designing controller, the advantage of


pole-zero cancellation is
A. the system order is increased
B. the system order is reduced
C. the cost of controller becomes low
D. systems error reduced to optimum levels
58. A proportional controller leads to
A.
infinite error for step input of type 1
system
B.
infinite error for step input of type 0
system
C. zero steady state error for step
input for type 1 system
D. zero steady state error for step input for
type 0 system
59. The transfer function of a phase compensator
is given by (1 + aTs)/(1 + Ts) where a > 1
and T > 0. The maximum phase shift
provided by such compensator is
A. tan-1 ((a + 1)/(a 1))
B. sin-1 ((a 1)/(a + 1))
C. tan-1 ((a 1)/(a + 1))
D. cos-1 ((a 1)/(a + 1))
60. For an electrically heated temperature
controlled liquid heater, the best controller is
A. Single-position controller
B. Two-position controller
C. Floating controller
D. Proportional-position controller
61. In case of phase-lag compensation used in
system, gain crossover frequency, bandwidth
and undamped frequency are respectively
A. decreased, decreased, decreased
B. increased, increased, increased
C. increased, increased, decreased
D. increased, decreased, decreased
62. A lag network for compensation normally
consists of
A. R, L and C elements
B. R and L elements
C. R and C elements
D. R only
63. The pole-zero plot given below is that of a

A.
B.
C.
D.

PID controller
PD controller
Integrator
Lag-lead compensating network

64. The correct sequence of steps needed to


improve system stability is
A. reduce gain, use negative feedback,
insert derivative action
B. reduce gain, insert derivative action, use
negative feedback
C. insert derivative action, use negative
feedback, reduce gain
D. use negative feedback, reduce gain,
insert derivative action

65. In a derivative error compensation


A. damping decreases and setting
decreases
B. damping increases and setting
increases
C. damping decreases and setting
increases
D. damping increases and setting
decreases
66. An
A.
B.
C.
D.

time
time
time
time
Fig. 1

Fig. 2

ON-OFF controller is a
P controller
PID controller
Integral controller
Non-linear controller

67. The z-transform of a causal system is given


as

X ( z )=

A. -1.5
B. 2

21.5 z1
11.5 z1 +0.5 z2

. The x[0] is
Fig. 4

C. 1.5
D. 0

Fig. 3

68. The z-transform of an anti-causal system is

X ( z )=
A. -7/4
B. 0
exist

1221 z
37 z +12 z 2

. The value of x[0] is


C. 4
D. Does

A. Figure 1
B. Figure 2

not

C. Figure 3
D. Figure 4

74. A unity feedback system has open-loop

69. Given

the

z (8 z7)
X ( z )= 2
4 z 7 z +3

A. 1
B. 2

z-transform

G ( s )=

function

. The limit of x[] is

1
.
s (2 s+1)( s+1)

The

phase
crossover
and
gain
crossover
frequencies are
A. 1.414 rad/sec, 0.57 rad/sec
B. 1.414 rad/sec, 1.38 rad/sec
C. 0.707 rad/sec, 0.57 rad/sec
D. 0.707 rad/sec, 1.38 rad/sec

C.
D. 0

70. In the signal flow graph shown, the gain C/R


is

75. A unity feedback system has open-loop


function
A. 44/23
B. 29/19

C. 44/19
D. 29/11

G ( s )=

K
.
s (s +a)
n

The

system has 10% overshoot and velocity error


constant Kv = 100. The value of K is
A. 237 x 103
C. 14.4 x 103
B. 144
D. 237
72. The forward-path transfer function of a unity
feedback system is

G ( s )=

K
.
s (s +a)
n

1
. The gain
s (2 s+1)( s+1)

margin and phase margin are


A. -3.52 dB, -168.5o
B. -3.52 dB, 11.6o
C. 3.52 dB, -168.5o
D. 3.52 dB, 11.6o

71. The forward-path transfer function of a unity


feedback system is

G ( s )=

76.
A.
B.

C.
D.

A.
B.

C.
D.

77.

The

system has 10% overshoot and velocity error


constant Kv = 100.The value of a is
A. 23.7 x 103
C. 14.4 x 103
B. 237
D. 144

78. In Fig. 1.1, the transfer function V2/V1 is given to be

73. A unity feedback system has open-loop


function

G ( s )=

1
. Which of
s (2 s+1)( s+1)

the following figures is the Nyquist plot for


the given system?

Fig 1.1
RCs
RCs
1
A.
B.

RC
RCs 1

C.

RC
RCs2 1

D.

RCs
RC 1

79. The transfer function of c(t) + 2c(t) = r(t), where c(t)


is the input and r(t) is the output of the system, is
given by
1
s
s

2
s

2
A.
C.
B.

1
s2

D.

s
s2

80. The passive element of a translational mechanical


system are
A. spring, resistor, capacitor
B. spring, mass, friction
C. spring, viscous damper, mass
D. spring, viscous damper, inertia
81. The transfer function of a spring is given by
A. fvs2
C. Ms2
B. k
D. none of these
82. In Fig. 1.2, the transfer function V2/V1 is given to be

84. It is the most extensively used graphical


representation of a feedback control system.
A. signal flow graph
C. flow chart
B. block diagram
D. none of these
85. It is a power-amplifying feedback control system in
which the controlled variable is mechanical position,
or a time derivative of position such as velocity or
acceleration.
A. gyroscope
C.
servomechanism
B. transducer
D. amplidyne
86. It is the product of the branch gains encountered in
transversing a path.
A. loop gain
C. branch gain
B. path gain
D. none of these
87. It is a path which originates and terminates on the
same node
A. forward path
C. self-loop
B. feedback path
D. none of these
88. It is the body, process, or machine, of which
particular quantity or condition is to be controlled.
A. Plant
C. Feedback
Element
B. Control Element
D. none of these

Fig. 1.2
R
R

sL
A.
B.

s
R sL

C.

R
R sL

D.

Rs
R sL

83. Below are some of the advantages that feedback


control offers except
A. Increases accuracy
B. Reduced effects of disturbances
C. Increases in operational expenses
D. Reduced sensitivity to changes in component

89. It is that quantity or condition of the plant which is


controlled.
A. Controlled Output
C. Actuating
Signal
B. Manipulated variable
D. none of these
90.
A.
B.
91.
92.

C.
D.