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# ME2402 CIM/ PART-A/ UNIT-I

## THENI KAMMAVAR SANGAM COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY, THENI.

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

UNIT-I Computer Aided Design

1.

## List any four reasons for using a CAD system.

To increase the productivity of the designer,
To improve the communication,
To create a database for engineering,
To improve the quality of design.

2.

## What are the components of a CAD system?

Geometric modelling,
Design analysis and optimisation,
Design review and evaluation,
Documentation and drafting.

3.

## What are the drawing features of CAD package?

Geometric modelling features,
Editing or manipulation features,
Display control features,
Drafting features.

4.

## What are the advantages of solid modelling?

Mass properties of physical model can be calculated easily.
Solid models are unambiguous models.
Cross sectional views of model can be easily found.
It can be used for interference/clearance checking of moving parts.

5.

## What is meant by geometry and topology?

Geometry is concerned with size, shape, and relative position of figures.
Topology is a branch of geometry that concerns only connectness (i.e., connectivity of
edges, vertices, etc.)

6.

## Distinguish between reflection and scaling transformation.

Scaling an object tends to change its size and repositions the object relative to the
coordinate origin.
Reflection is a transformation in which the direction of one axis is reversed and it produces
a mirror image of an object.

7.

Increased design productivity.

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## ME2402 CIM/ PART-A/ UNIT-I

Flexibility in design.
Improved design analysis.
Fewer design errors.
Greater accuracy in design calculation.
Better visualization of drawings.
Faster new products design.
Standardization of design, drafting and documentation procedures.

8.

Specify the range of applications for which typical geometric modelling information is
used.
Process planning, tool design, production planning, and CNC programming, inspection,
assembly, costing and vendor development.

9.

## List any four rules of dimensioning.

1. Dimensions should be placed in views where the features dimensioned are shown
true shape.
2. Dimensioning to hidden lines should be avoided wherever possible.
3. Dimensioning should not be duplicated.
4. Each dimension should be so clearly so that it can be interpret in only one way.

10.

CAD may be defined as any design activity that involves the effective use of the computer
to create, modify, or document an engineering design.

11.

## What are the functional areas of a CAD design process?

1. Geometric modelling
2. Design analysis and optimization
3. Design review and evaluation, and
4. Documentation and drafting.

12.

## List few features of CAD system.

1. Modelling and drafting
2. Ease of use
3. Flexibility
4. Modularity
5. Low maintenance cost.

13.

Define Scaling.
Scaling is the transformation used to change, increase or decrease, size of an object.

14.

## Define geometric transformation.

Geometric transformations enable us to manipulate the shape, size, and location of object.

15.

## List out the few editing features available in common softwares.

Move, copy, rotate, mirror, array, erase, fillet, scale, trim, extend, chamfer, stretch, break,
etc.,

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