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Product: EXCAVATOR
Model: 330D L EXCAVATOR B6H
Configuration: 330D L Excavator B6H00001-UP (MACHINE) POWERED BY
C9 Engine

Systems Operation
330D Excavator Hydraulic System
Media Number -RENR9584-00

Publication Date -01/01/2006

Date Updated -01/02/2006


i02471997

Displacement Change Valve


SMCS - 3220

Small Displacement Change Operation

Illustration 1
Travel motor (partial diagram)
(1) Check valve
(2) Check valve

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(3) Pilot port


(4) Displacement change valve
(5) Passage
(6) Piston chamber
(7) Port (supply oil or return oil)
(8) Piston
(9) Swashplate
(10) Port (supply oil or return oil)
(11) Drain port

Illustration 2
Small displacement change operation
(1) Check valve
(2) Check valve
(3) Pilot port
(4) Displacement change valve
(6) Piston chamber

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(7) Port (supply oil or return oil)


(8) Piston
(9) Swashplate
(10) Port (supply oil or return oil)
(12) Passage
(13) Passage (return)
(14) Hydraulic tank
(15) Spool chamber
(16) Spool
(17) Spring
(18) Body

When the travel speed control switch on the control panel is pushed and the rabbit appears on the
display, the machine is in HIGH SPEED MODE. In this condition, an input signal from the travel
speed control switch is sent to the engine and pump controller. The pressure sensor for the pump
delivery also provides an input signal to the engine and pump controller. When the travel load is
light and when the pump delivery pressure is below a certain level, the output signal from the
pressure sensor for the pump delivery is below a certain level. When the pump delivery pressure is
below a certain level, the engine and pump controller energizes the travel speed solenoid. When the
travel speed solenoid is energized, pilot system oil flows into pilot port (3) of displacement change
valve (4). Spool (16) moves to the left against the force of spring (17) until the spool contacts body
(18). Main pump oil flows from port (10) of the travel motor through check valve (2). The main
pump oil then flows through spool chamber (15) and passage (12) to piston chamber (6). The oil in
piston chamber (6) moves piston (8) against swashplate (9). As a result, the angle of swashplate (9)
is decreased and the motor displacement is decreased. The travel speed is maximum in this
condition.

Large Displacement Change Operation

Illustration 3
Large displacement change operation
(1) Check valve
(2) Check valve
(3) Pilot port
(4) Displacement change valve
(6) Piston chamber
(7) Port (supply oil or return oil)
(8) Piston
(9) Swashplate
(10) Port (supply oil or return oil)
(12) Passage
(13) Passage (return)
(14) Hydraulic tank
(15) Spool chamber
(16) Spool
(17) Spring

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(18) Body

When the angle of swashplate (9) in the travel motor increases, the displacement of the travel motor
increases. The angle of swashplate (9) in the travel motor will increase and the travel speed will
decrease during the following two conditions.
1. The angle of swashplate (9) in the travel motor will increase and the travel speed will decrease
when an increase in pump pressure occurs.
When the machine is in HIGH SPEED MODE and the pump delivery pressure increases above
a certain level, the engine and pump controller de-energizes the travel speed solenoid. When
the travel speed solenoid is de-energized, pilot system oil stops flowing into pilot port (3) of
displacement change valve (4). Spool (16) moves to the right by the force of spring (17) until
the spool contacts the stopper. Oil from port (10) of the travel motor is blocked from passage
(12). The oil is forced from piston chamber (6) through passage (12) and return passage (13) to
hydraulic tank (14). As the angle of swashplate (9) increases, the displacement of the travel
motor increases and the travel speed decreases.
2. The angle of swashplate (9) in the travel motor will increase and the travel speed will decrease
when the travel speed control switch is pushed in order to obtain LOW SPEED MODE.
When the travel speed control switch on the control panel is pushed and the tortoise appears on
the display, the machine is in LOW SPEED MODE. In this condition, an input signal from the
travel speed control switch is sent to the engine and pump controller. The engine and pump
controller de-energizes the travel speed solenoid. The angle of swashplate (9) increases and the
displacement of the travel motor increases. The travel speed decreases.

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Wed Feb 28 19:53:06 EST 2007