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TODAYS LESSON

IELTS Objective 5
Lesson 1

THE CLA ENGLISH TEACHERS

IELTS vocabulary: Wordlist 1


IELTS reading: table completion
Pronunciation: sentence stress
IELTS speaking part 1
IELTS listening
IELTS writing Task 2

You need this book


Complete IELTS Bands 4-5
student book with answers
and CD ROM

Maria Jack
Ian Lister
Mary McIntosh
Margaret Pate
Marta Serrano

Available at Politecnico di Torino


bookshops
You will use it in every lesson
Use it to do written homework
You can do extra work on the CD
ROM

Complete IELTS Listening tracks


On your Politecnico di Torino
home page
Lingua inglese
Materiale propedeutico
IELTS Objective 5

IELTS VOCABULARY

IELTS VOCABULARY

IELTS VOCABULARY

IELTS Objective 5 course : Vocabulary for IELTS

Vocabulary Training: passive and active vocabulary

Every Objective 5 lesson has an IELTS vocabulary


section. The words come from the unit Word lists at the
back of your book p. 132-141.
In this part of the lesson you will learn and use new
words that are useful for the exam.

Vocabulary is essential for IELTS:


Passive vocabulary: words you recognise but dont
use - helps your reading and listening
Active vocabulary: words you use for writing and
speaking.

REMEMBER! 25% of your


Writing and Speaking mark is based
on vocabulary.

IELTS VOCABULARY

Unit 1 Wordlist. Note the words you already know.

IELTS VOCABULARY

Learn new vocabulary: which words are NEW to you?


crime rate

access
conclude

crime rate

status
resources

landscape
rank

impact

ignore

reputation

outcome

consume

feature

reaction

culture

grow up

influence

diverse

income

surround

environment

environment
feature

landscape
rank
outcome

local

local

grow up

conduct research
short of

conduct research

income

Wordlist Unit 1 p 132


9

IELTS VOCABULARY

10

IELTS VOCABULARY

Learn new vocabulary: using definitions

Learn new vocabulary: using definitions

landscape n [ C ] (11) the appearance of an area of


land, especially in the countryside

crime rate n [ C ] (8) the amount of crime that happens


in a place or during a period of time
environment n [ C ] (9) the situation that you live or work
in, and how it influences how you feel

conduct research vp [ C ] (9) to study a subject to find


information about it

feature n [ C ] (16) a quality or important part of


something

rank v [ T ] (11) to give someone or something a position


in a list which shows them in order of importance or
quality

income n [ C, U ] (11) money that you earn by working,


investing or producing goods
11

IELTS VOCABULARY

IELTS VOCABULARY

Learn new vocabulary: using definitions

Life in Costa Rica


.

local n [ C ] (9) someone who lives in the area you are


talking about
outcome n (11) the final result of an activity or process
grow up pv (11) to become older or an adult

IELTS VOCABULARY

IELTS VOCABULARY

Life in Costa Rica

Life in Costa Rica


landscape
feature
grow up
income

Children who . in Costa


Rica are surrounded by some of
the most beautiful in
the world with diverse natural
. Costa Rica is a mid country where most
citizens can satisfy their basic
needs.

rank
environment
crime rate

Its . is very low in


comparison to other Latin
American countries , and it
actually lower than the
USA in statistics for car theft.
Perhaps this is one reason why
many people seeking a new
in which to live,
choose to move there.

IELTS VOCABULARY

Life in Costa Rica


.
.Well over 90%
of Costa Ricas
conduct
energy supply comes from renewable
research sources. But does this "greenness"
have the . of making Costa
local
Ricans happier?.................. in its
capital,
San Jos, seem to think so,
outcome
and statisticians have
which shows
Costa Ricans have a high life
expectancy - 78.5 years.

IELTS VOCABULARY

Vocabulary training : COMPLETE IELTS wordlists


1. Identify vocabulary you already ..
2. Focus on words that are . to you
3. the definition
4. Note which syllable is .
5. Note word (noun, verb etc)
6. Learn the new words as ...........vocabulary
study

know

active

stressed

type

new

18

IELTS READING

IELTS READING

Which city?
Amsterdam Shanghai
Rio di Janeiro

New York Dubai


Sydney

IELTS READING
Discuss which features of city life you think
are positive or negative and say why.
friendly inhabitants
fast public transport

IELTS READING
Page 8, 9
Exercise 3

crowded streets
a high crime rate
people in a hurry
a relaxed lifestyle

IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES

SCANNING THE TEXT


Scanning is a method of

IELTS READING

Scan the passage on p 9. Find out:


Which four cities are mentioned?

reading quickly for specific information


This means that you dont have to read all of
the words to find out what you need to know

Which is the friendliest city?

Which paragraph(s) did you find


the answers in?

IELTS READING

IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES

Read the passage on p 9 again.


Find similar phrases for 4 of the aspects listed below.
Think! Which paragraphs do you need to read?

friendly inhabitants
fast public transport
crowded streets
a high crime rate
people in a hurry
a relaxed lifestyle

READING THE TEXT

REMEMBER!
In the IELTS exam, you may not need to
read ALL the paragraphs in a passage

IELTS READING

IELTS READING

P. 9, Ex. 5 - FINDING SYNONYMS


Match the words and phrases 1 - 6 with the words and
phrases in italics in the passage.

Page 9
Exercise 5

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES

FINDING SYNONYMS IN READING TEXTS

REMEMBER!
In the IELTS exam, you will need to find
synonyms to answer some of the
reading questions

inhabitants
lifestyle
dont have so much
has a reputation for
have little
dont pay attention to

IELTS READING
Page 9
Exercise 6

IELTS READING

Read the exam advice on p. 9, Ex. 6.

Question Type - Table Completion

Now complete the table.


Choose ONE word from the passage for each answer.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES

More...lifestyle
People dont have so much ..
Has reputation for ..
People have little ..
People dont pay attention to

IELTS READING

IELTS Reading : More help

Study the table carefully


Find words in the passage with similar
meanings to the words near the gaps in
the table
In the passage read around these
words and copy the appropriate
word(s) exactly into the table

IELTS PRONUNCIATION

If you found the reading exercises difficult, do


Unit 1 Reading Exercise 1,2 on the CD-Rom

IELTS PRONUNCIATION
Page 13 - Sentence stress

IELTS PRONUNCIATION
Sentence stress
We normally stress the main
information in a sentence.
When we answer a question, we
usually stress the words which
give the answer, or give new
information.

IELTS PRONUNCIATION
Page 13
Exercise 1

IELTS PRONUNCIATION

Which words do you think Hanan will stress?


Examiner:

Can you tell me what you do? Do you work,


or are you a student?

Hanan:

Yes, Im a student. Im studying medicine


because I want to be a doctor.

Examiner:

And where do you come from?

Hanan:

I come from Muttrah in Oman.

Students Hanan and Kwan

IELTS PRONUNCIATION

IELTS PRONUNCIATION

Now listen and check

Which words do you think Kwan will stress?

Examiner:

Can you tell me what you do? Do you work,


or are you a student?

Examiner:

Can you tell me what you do? Do you work,


or are you a student?

Hanan:

Yes, Im a student. Im studying medicine


because I want to be a doctor.

Kwan:

Im a student. Im studying economics at


Chonju University at the moment.

Examiner:

And where do you come from?

Examiner:

And where do you come from?

Hanan:

I come from Muttrah in Oman.

Kwan:

I come from a small village near Chonju in


Korea.

REMEMBER! In English stressed


syllables/words are said longer, louder and
at a higher pitch.

IELTS PRONUNCIATION

Now listen and check

IELTS PRONUNCIATION

Work with a partner. Say the dialogue. Take turns to


be the examiner and the student.

Examiner:

Can you tell me what you do? Do you work,


or are you a student?

Examiner:

Kwan:

Im a student. Im studying economics at


Chonju University at the moment.

Student:

Examiner:

And where do you come from?

Kwan:

I come from a small village near Chonju in


Korea.

Can you tell me what you do? Do you work,


or are you a student?
Yes, student.
Architecture / Engineering
Politecnico di Torino
architect / engineer.

Examiner:

And where do you come from?

Student:

(town / country)

IELTS PRONUNCIATION

Remember

Pronunciation : More help


If you found sentence stress difficult, do
Unit 1 Speaking Exercise 1 on the CD-Rom

In the IELTS Speaking


module the examiner
will evaluate how
comprehensible your
pronunciation is.

tr
ce s
nten
e
s
Use

IELTS Pronunciation

ess

IELTS SPEAKING

IELTS SPEAKING

The IELTS Speaking module has 3 parts.


In Part 1 the examiner will ask you about
familiar topics, such as work, hobbies,
interests, places you know etc.
For more information, see page 108 in your
coursebook.

IELTS SPEAKING

Think about your answer to these


Speaking Part 1 questions

Where do you live?


Can you describe your city / village to me?

a tiny flat

a tall apartment block

a large industrial city

a busy main road

IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES

Using adjectives in IELTS Speaking

REMEMBER!
In the IELTS speaking exam, you will get
a better score if you use adjectives

IELTS SPEAKING

Talk in pairs

Where do you live?


Can you describe your city / village to me?

IELTS SPEAKING

Possible answers
choose the best answer and say why.
Where do you live?
1. Turin
2. I live in Turin.
3. I live in a large industrial city called Turin.

REMEMBER! Dont answer questions


with just 1 or 2 words - use longer
sentences

IELTS SPEAKING

IELTS SPEAKING

Possible answers (continued)


choose the best answer and say why.
Can you describe your city / village to me?
1. Its nice.
2. Its gots lots of monuments.
3. Its a historical town with a medieval centre, which
has a famous cathedral. A lot of tourists come in the
summer for the jazz festival.

Page 13
Speaking - Exercise 3

REMEMBER! Give extra information in


your answer when you can

IELTS SPEAKING

IELTS Speaking Part 1 questions.


Put the words in order.
1. you about area do like live where the What you?

IELTS SPEAKING

p. 13 Speaking - Ex. 3

Listen and write which phrases (1-8) Hanan (H) and


Kwan (K) use in their answers.
1. Another good thing is
2. I enjoy
3. I really dislike
4. I really like

2. you area do in like not things What your?

5. is something I dont like


6. Im not very keen on
7. I find very enjoyable
8. I find unpleasant

IELTS SPEAKING

Complete the answer with the phrases below.

I ___ the traffic very


________ and I _____
_____ the noise of
cars and lorries. Im
also ______________
the hot weather and
the hot wind from the
desert ____________
_______.

1. Another good thing is


2. I enjoy
3. I really dislike
4. I really like
5. is something I dont like
6. Im not very keen on
7. I find very enjoyable
8. I find unpleasant

IELTS SPEAKING

Complete the answer with the phrases below.

I ___ walking in the


mountains ______
_________ and
_________________
the people, because
theyre very friendly
and generous.

1. Another good thing is


2. I enjoy
3. I really dislike
4. I really like
5. is something I dont like
6. Im not very keen on
7. I find very enjoyable
8. I find unpleasant

Talk in pairs. Use some


of the phrases and
sentence stress.

IELTS SPEAKING

IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES

Questions with the verb like in IELTS Speaking Part 1

1. Tell me about the area where you live.


2. What things in your town or city do you not like?
3. What things would you like to change in your
town or city? Why?
Another good thing is / I enjoy / I really dislike / I
really like / is something I dont like / Im not very
keen on / I find very enjoyable / I find unpleasant

IELTS SPEAKING

Remember
In the IELTS Speaking
module the examiner
will evaluate how
varied and appropriate
your language is.

What do you like about your area? I enjoy walking


in the mountains.
What would you like to change? Id like to have
more parks in my neighbourhood.
REMEMBER!
Listen carefully to questions with like, answer
with the correct grammar: like/enjoy +
gerund, would like + to + infinitive

IELTS SPEAKING

Speaking Part 1 : More help


For more practice, do
Unit 1 Speaking Exercise 2 on the CD-Rom

ses
phra
l
u
f
use n!
n the
io
Lear his sect
t
m
fro

IELTS LISTENING

IELTS LISTENING

The IELTS Listening module has 4 parts. In


Listening Section 1 you hear a conversation on a
social topic - e.g. someone booking a hotel room.
You will hear names and numbers (dates, prices,
telephone numbers, time etc.)
Spelling is important!
REMEMBER! Listening Section 1 is the
easiest, so try to get as many correct
answers as possible
For more information, see page 7
in your coursebook.

IELTS LISTENING
Page 10
Exercise 1

IELTS LISTENING
Listen: are the words and numbers correct or incorrect?
1. Romney

5. Fawcett

2. Cairns

6. 15 cents

3. Bragg

7. 0726 05791

4. Jeckyll

8. 30 Lower Road

IELTS LISTENING

IELTS LISTENING

Spell these words and read these numbers


Page 10
Exercise 2

IELTS EXAM TECHNIQUES

1.
Bracken

3.
Jeremy

5.
Vernon

2.
Gower

4.
Pollard

6.
17

IELTS LISTENING

Question Type - Form Completion


Study the form carefully
How many words/numbers can
you use?
Think what kind of information
you need to answer: a date? a
name?
Write the answer you hear

7.
01950
674236
8.
31st

Page 10
Exercise 5

Dubai Palm Apartments

IELTS LISTENING

Write no more than TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER


Enquiry taken by:
Amanda
Name:
1..
Address:
37, 2. , Vienna
Telephone number:
3. .
Number of people:
four
Starting date:
4January
Length of stay:
5.
Price per stay:
maximum 6 . Euros
Other requirements:
- fully equipped 7.
- view of 8 ..
- air conditioning must be 9
10 - .. for car

IELTS LISTENING

Listening : More help


If you found the listening exercises difficult, do
Unit 1 Listening Exercise 1,2 on the CD-Rom

IELTS WRITING

IELTS WRITING

TASK Minimum
?
150
1
words

TASK Minimum
?
250
2
words

? minutes
20

40
? minutes

Summarise the ?formal


?information
given in a table,
graph, chart,
diagram or map
Essay:
?formal
presenting and
justifying
?opinions

75

76

IELTS WRITING

IELTS WRITING

Four areas are evaluated in both tasks:

Four areas are evaluated in both tasks:

CONTENT

ORGANISATION

VOCABULARY

GRAMMAR

CONTENT
= the answer responds to the question

Each area is evaluated equally (25%).


However, in the final calculation,
Task 1 = 1/3 and Task 2 = 2/3
of your total Writing score.
77

78

IELTS WRITING

IELTS WRITING

Four areas are evaluated in both tasks:

Four areas are evaluated in both tasks:

ORGANISATION

VOCABULARY

= coherent structure and clear paragraphs

= appropriate and varied


words and expressions

79

IELTS WRITING

80

IELTS WRITING

Four areas are evaluated in both tasks:

GRAMMAR

Page 24
Exercise 1

= correct use of structures and tenses

81

IELTS WRITING

IELTS WRITING

Writing task 2

p.24, ex.1: Look at the Writing task and decide if


the statements are true (T) or false (F)

Write about the following topic:


In many parts of the world, families were larger in the
past because people had more children.
Do you think there were more advantages or
disadvantages to being part of a large family in the past?
Give reasons for your answer and include
any relevant examples from your own
knowledge and experience.
Write at least 250 words.

82

83

In this essay you must


1. write about the past.
2. discuss whether families were larger in the past.
3. compare families today with families in the past.
4. write about the advantages and disadvantages of
having a lot of people in the family in the past.
5. give your opinions and explain why.
6. write 250 words or more.
84

IELTS WRITING

IELTS WRITING

p.24, ex.2: Read the sample answer and


answer these questions:

Page 24
Exercise 2
1924

85

86

IELTS WRITING

IELTS WRITING

p.24-25, ex. 3: Read the sample answer


again and complete the essay plan by
writing phrases a-h in gaps 1-8.

Page 24 - 25
Exercise 3

a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h

87

attention
didnt work
different experience
helped in house
looked after younger kids
learned social skills
lonely
support and help
88

IELTS WRITING

IELTS WRITING

p.24-25, ex. 3: ANSWERS

p.24-25, ex. 3 continued

Para.1: Introduction: families smaller, so (1) ___________.


Para.2: Advantages:
played, so (2) __________
(3)_____________, so more responsible
grandparents (4)__________________
a attention

e looked after younger kids

b didnt work
c different experience
d helped in house

f learned social skills


g lonely
h support and help
89

Para.3: Disadvantages:
One parent (5)__________ - less money
Less money for kids education
Less (6)______________ for each child
a
b
c
d

attention
didnt work
different experience
helped in house

e
f
g
h

looked after younger kids


learned social skills
lonely
support and help
90

IELTS WRITING

IELTS WRITING

p.24-25, ex. 3 continued


Para.4: My opinion: more advantages because
Family gave (7) _____________
People never (8)______________
a
b
c
d

attention
didnt work
different experience
helped in house

e
f
g
h

Page 25
Exercise 4

looked after younger kids


learned social skills
lonely
support and help

91

92

IELTS WRITING

IELTS WRITING

also, and, but, however


1. Which of these words can be used to begin
sentences?

Page 25
Exercise 5

2. Which words join two sentences?

See Language Reference p.121


93

94

IELTS WRITING

IELTS WRITING

p.25, ex.6.1. Look at para.1 of the sample


answer and answer these questions:
a.
b.
c.

Page 25
Exercise 6

d.
e.
f.
95

How many sentences does it have?


Which sentence says how the world has changed?
Which sentence says what the writer is going to talk
about in the rest of the essay?
Does the writer repeat the words from the Writing task
in Paragraph 1exactly? Why/why not?
What word does s/he use which means large?
What phrase does s/he use which means part of?
96

IELTS WRITING

IELTS WRITING

p.25, ex.6.2. Read the sentences which


begin paragraphs. 2, 3 & 4. What is their function?

p.25, ex.6. 3. Find three phrases in the


essay which mean In my opinion

Para.2: I believe there were three main benefits.


Para.3: I think many of the disadvantages were
financial.
Para.4: In my opinion, the advantages of large families
were greater than the disadvantages.

97

GRAMMAR

98

IELTS WRITING
Page 25
Exercise 7

Review the PAST SIMPLE.


See Key Grammar p.21
and
Language Reference p. 121

99

IELTS WRITING

p.25, ex.7: Writing task 2

100

IELTS WRITING

p.25, ex.7: Read the Writing task and

In the past, most people lived in small villages where


everyone knew everyone else. Nowadays, most people live in
large cities where they only know a few people in their area.
What do you think were the advantages and disadvantages
of living in a small community?
Give reasons for your answer and include
any relevant examples from your own
knowledge and experience.
Write at least 250 words.
101

1. underline the key ideas in the task.


In the past, most people lived in small villages where
everyone knew everyone else. Nowadays, most people live in
large cities where they only know a few people in their area.
What do you think were the advantages and disadvantages
of living in a small community?

102

IELTS WRITING

IELTS WRITING

p.25, ex.7: Read the Writing task and

p.25, ex.7: Read the Writing task and

2. make a list of advantages and disadvantages.

3. decide which is better: living in a large city or a

In the past, most people lived in small villages where


everyone knew everyone else. Nowadays, most people live in
large cities where they only know a few people in their area.
What do you think were the advantages and disadvantages
of living in a small community?

small community?
In the past, most people lived in small villages where
everyone knew everyone else. Nowadays, most people live in
large cities where they only know a few people in their area.
What do you think were the advantages and disadvantages
of living in a small community?

103

104

IELTS WRITING

IELTS WRITING

p.25, ex.8: Write a plan for your essay using


ideas from ex.7.

Page 25
Exercise 8

1. Use the plan in Ex.3 p. 24 to help you.


2. Decide how many paragraphs you need
and what you will say in each paragraph.
Para.1: Introduction:
Para.2: Advantages:
Para.3: Disadvantages:
Para.4: My opinion:
105

Do an IELTS Writing Task 2


at home

106

Dont forget your book

P.25, ex.9 from the book


Refer to your answers to ex.7 & 8, p.25.
Start your paragraphs with a short introductory
sentence (see sample answer p.24)
Use also, and, but and however.
Use I think, I believe, In my opinion, In my view

You can meet an English teacher at CLA to correct


your Task 2 during Ricevimento hours (see CLA web page).
107

Complete IELTS Bands 4-5


student book with answers
and CD ROM
Available at Politecnico di
Torino bookshops
Bring it to every E3 lesson and
do written homework and CD
ROM homework

Do these exercises at home


Reading
Note Completion ex 2,3,4; p 11
Vocabulary
Page 12 ex 2
Learn Word List U1 p 132 and the words
from todays lesson
Grammar
Study Language Reference
p. 120-122
Grammar: 1, 2, 3
Listening: 1, 2
Speaking:1, 2 from the CD Rom