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Objectives

To calculate the System Differential Pressure


To determine the Net Positive Suction Head Avaliable in the system
To determine the required Brake Horsepower
To select a suitable Motor Horse Power rating for the Pump

Diesel Transfer Pumps are positive displacement pumps


Specific gravity of Diesel is 0.84 - 0.89; Used value is 0.85
Acceleration due to gravity is 9.81 m/s2
Hydraulic Diameter = 0.0508 m (2 in)
Suction Pipe length is 1 m.
Discharge pipe length is 4.27 m
Discharge Vessel Elevation head is 4 m
Specific roughness of pipe material is 0.00004572 m

Basics

References
1. API 676: Positive Displacement Pumps, Rotary
2. CRANE: Flow of Fluids Through Valves, Fittings and Pipe

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DEFINITION OF TERMS

Differential Pressure

BHP

Brake Horsepower

Hydraulic Diameter

f - Darcy Friction factor


g

Gravitational Acceleration

hf

Head losses due to friction

hp

Pressure head in vessel

HHP

Hydraulic Horse Power

hvp

Vapour Pressure Head

Resistance Coefficients for pipe fittings

Straight pipe length

NPSHa

Net Positive Suction Head Available

OD

Outside Diameter of Pipe

Pressure in Vessel

Flow Rate

Re

Reynold's Number

SG

Specific Gravity

Velocity

Elevation Head

- Absolute Roughness
- Kinematic Viscosity

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SUCTION SIDE
Flow Rate (Q)

0.05560 m3/s

Specific Gravity

Hydraulic Diameter (D)

0.15

Suction Head Calculation


Suction vessel pressure head (hp) + Elevation head (Z) - Friction Head (hf)
Parameters
Suction Vessel Pressure

(P)

Kinematic Viscosity ()

Specific Roughness ()

Pipe Length (L)

1.0135 bar

(Atm)

8.01000E-07 m2/s
0.00004572 m
1

(below pump suction)

Suction Vessel Pressure Head (hp)

10.331

Elevation Head

Friction Head
Head Loss in Pipe length (m)
Average Velocity - V

Reynolds Number, Re

589197.8251126

Darcy Friction Factor,f

0.0162373084

Head loss in pipe length (m)

3.1463163861 m/s2

0.055

Head loss in fittings (m)


0

Reducers

Ball Valves

Elbows

Entrance

0
0

1 90Oelbow, 1 45O deg elbow

0.78

Total K for fittings

5.78

Total Head loss in fittings

0.047

Friction Head

0.102

Total Suction Head

11.229

(All formulas used in the calculations above are shown in Appendix 1)

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(below pump suction)

10.331

1 90Oelbow, 1 45O deg elbow)

0.102

11.229

e calculations above are shown in Appendix 1)

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DISCHARGE SIDE
Flow Rate (Q)

0.05560 m3/s

Specific Gravity

Hydraulic Diameter (D)

0.15

Discharge Head Calculation


Discharge vessel pressure head (hp) + Elevation head (Z) + Friction Head (hf)
Parameters
Discharge Vessel Pressure (P)

1.0135 bar

Kinematic Viscosity ()

8.01E-07 m2/s

Specific Roughness ()

0.00004572

Pipe Length (L)

200

(Atm)

Discharge Vessel Pressure Head

10.331

Elevation Head

200

10.938

221.269

Friction Head
Head Loss in Pipe length (m)
Average Velocity - V

3.14631639 m/s2

Reynolds Number

589197.825

Darcy Friction Factor

0.01623731

10.923

Head loss in pipe length (m)

Head loss in fittings (m)


3

Elbows

1.72115469

Exit

0.01623731

Check Valve

Ball Valve

0.04871193

Total K for fittings

1.78610393

Total Head loss in fittings

0.015

Friction Head
Total Discharge Head

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(All formulas used in the calculations above are shown in Appendix 1)

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10.331

200

10.938

221.269

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ppendix 1)

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PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
Total Dynamic Head

Total Discharge Head - Total Suction Head

210.040

Pressure Differential

20.6

bar

Hydrualic Horse Power (HHP)

11453.6

kW

Pump Efficiency

75

Brake Horse Power

15271.4667

67.06666667

Rated Horse power

17562.1867

77.12666667

50.30000

Rated Motor Nameplate HP

Net Positive Suction Head Available (NPSHa)


Suction vessel pressure head (hp) + Elevation head (Z)
- Friction Head (hf)-Vapour Pressure Head(hvp)

Vapour pressure of liquid

0.6

bar

Vapour pressure head of liquid

6.116

NPSHa

5.11

(All formulas used in the calculations above are shown in Appendix 1)

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otal Suction Head

hp

hp

hp

n in Appendix 1)

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Appendix 1
SUMMARY OF FORMULAE USED
Pressure Head
(converting from bar to m)

h( m )=

Liquid Velocity

4Q
D 2

V=

Reynold's Number

Re=

P ( bar )
SG 0. 0981

VD

64
Re

f
Darcy Friction factor

f=

0 . 25

[ (
ln

(Swamee-Jain solution to Darcy friction formular)

when Re< 3000

5 . 74
+
3 . 7 D Re 0 .

when Re>3000

Friction losses in straight pipe

Friction losses in fittings

hf f

l V2

D 2g

hf f

V2
K
2g

hp Z h f

Total Head (Suction/Discharge)

Differential Pressure

P 0.0981 TDH SG

Hydraulic Horsepower (Watts)

HHP Q P

Brake Horsepower

BHP

(P in kPa)

HHP

1.15 BHP

Rated Horsepower

NPSHa h p Z h f hvp

Net Positive Suction Head Available

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h( m )=

P ( bar )
SG 0. 0981

when Re< 3000

f=

0 . 25

[ (

5 . 74
ln
+
3 . 7 D Re 0 . 9

)]

P 0.0981 TDH SG

HHP Q P

(P in kPa)

NPSHa h p Z h f hvp

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Appendix 2

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