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# Objectives

## To calculate the System Differential Pressure

To determine the Net Positive Suction Head Avaliable in the system
To determine the required Brake Horsepower
To select a suitable Motor Horse Power rating for the Pump

## Diesel Transfer Pumps are positive displacement pumps

Specific gravity of Diesel is 0.84 - 0.89; Used value is 0.85
Acceleration due to gravity is 9.81 m/s2
Hydraulic Diameter = 0.0508 m (2 in)
Suction Pipe length is 1 m.
Discharge pipe length is 4.27 m
Discharge Vessel Elevation head is 4 m
Specific roughness of pipe material is 0.00004572 m

Basics

References
1. API 676: Positive Displacement Pumps, Rotary
2. CRANE: Flow of Fluids Through Valves, Fittings and Pipe

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DEFINITION OF TERMS

Differential Pressure

BHP

Brake Horsepower

Hydraulic Diameter

## f - Darcy Friction factor

g

Gravitational Acceleration

hf

hp

HHP

hvp

NPSHa

OD

## Outside Diameter of Pipe

Pressure in Vessel

Flow Rate

Re

Reynold's Number

SG

Specific Gravity

Velocity

- Absolute Roughness
- Kinematic Viscosity

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SUCTION SIDE
Flow Rate (Q)

0.05560 m3/s

Specific Gravity

## Hydraulic Diameter (D)

0.15

Parameters
Suction Vessel Pressure

(P)

Kinematic Viscosity ()

Specific Roughness ()

1.0135 bar

(Atm)

8.01000E-07 m2/s
0.00004572 m
1

## Suction Vessel Pressure Head (hp)

10.331

Head Loss in Pipe length (m)
Average Velocity - V

Reynolds Number, Re

589197.8251126

0.0162373084

## Head loss in pipe length (m)

3.1463163861 m/s2

0.055

0

Reducers

Ball Valves

Elbows

Entrance

0
0

0.78

5.78

0.047

0.102

11.229

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10.331

0.102

11.229

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DISCHARGE SIDE
Flow Rate (Q)

0.05560 m3/s

Specific Gravity

## Hydraulic Diameter (D)

0.15

Parameters
Discharge Vessel Pressure (P)

1.0135 bar

Kinematic Viscosity ()

8.01E-07 m2/s

Specific Roughness ()

0.00004572

## Pipe Length (L)

200

(Atm)

10.331

200

10.938

221.269

Head Loss in Pipe length (m)
Average Velocity - V

3.14631639 m/s2

Reynolds Number

589197.825

0.01623731

10.923

3

Elbows

1.72115469

Exit

0.01623731

Check Valve

Ball Valve

0.04871193

1.78610393

0.015

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## (All formulas used in the calculations above are shown in Appendix 1)

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10.331

200

10.938

221.269

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ppendix 1)

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PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

210.040

Pressure Differential

20.6

bar

11453.6

kW

Pump Efficiency

75

15271.4667

67.06666667

17562.1867

77.12666667

50.30000

0.6

bar

6.116

NPSHa

5.11

## (All formulas used in the calculations above are shown in Appendix 1)

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hp

hp

hp

n in Appendix 1)

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Appendix 1
SUMMARY OF FORMULAE USED
(converting from bar to m)

h( m )=

Liquid Velocity

4Q
D 2

V=

Reynold's Number

Re=

P ( bar )
SG 0. 0981

VD

64
Re

f
Darcy Friction factor

f=

0 . 25

[ (
ln

5 . 74
+
3 . 7 D Re 0 .

when Re>3000

## Friction losses in fittings

hf f

l V2

D 2g

hf f

V2
K
2g

hp Z h f

Differential Pressure

P 0.0981 TDH SG

## Hydraulic Horsepower (Watts)

HHP Q P

Brake Horsepower

BHP

(P in kPa)

HHP

1.15 BHP

Rated Horsepower

NPSHa h p Z h f hvp

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h( m )=

P ( bar )
SG 0. 0981

## when Re< 3000

f=

0 . 25

[ (

5 . 74
ln
+
3 . 7 D Re 0 . 9

)]

P 0.0981 TDH SG

HHP Q P

(P in kPa)

NPSHa h p Z h f hvp

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Appendix 2

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