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Original Title: Assignment 2b_Random Variables and PDF

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0

, x< 0

0.2

x

,

0

x4

F ( x )=

0.04 x+ 0.64 , 4 x 9

1

,9 x

2. The gap width is an important property of a magnetic recording head. In coded

units, if the width is a continuous random variable over the range from 0 < x

<2 with f(x)= 0.5x, determine the cumulative distribution function of the gap

width. [Ans: F(x) =0 for x<0, 0.25x2 for 0 x <2, 1 for x 2

3. The probability density function for the diameter of a drilled hole in mm is 10e 10(x-5)

for x > 5 mm. Although the target diameter is 5 mm, vibrations, tool

wear, and other nuisance produce diameters larger than 5 mm.

(a) Determine the mean and variance of the diameter of the holes. [Ans: 5.1mm,

0.01mm2]

(b) Determine the probability that a diameter exceeds 5.1 mm. [Ans: 0.3679]

4. Without an automated irrigation system, the height of plants two weeks after

germination is normally distributed with a mean of 2.5cm and a standard

deviation of 0.5 cm.

(a) What is the probability that a plants height is greater than 2.25cm?

[Ans: 0.6915]

(b) What is the probability that a plants height is between 2.0 and 3.0 cm?

[Ans: 0.683]

(c) What height is exceeded by 90% of the plants? [Ans: 1.86]

5. The diameter of the dot produced by a printer is normally distributed with a

mean diameter of 0.002 inch.

(a) Suppose that the specifications require the dot diameter to be between

0.0014 and 0.0026. If the probability that a dot meets specifications is to be

0.9973, what standard deviation is needed? [Ans:0.0002]

(b) Assume that the standard deviation is of the size of a dot is 0.0004 inch. If

the probability that a dot meets specification is to be 0.9973, what

specifications are needed? Assume that the specifications are to be chosen

symmetrically around the mean of 0.002. [Ans: 0.0008 to 0.0032]

6.

distributed with a mean of 7000 hours and a standard deviation of of 600

hours.

(a) What is the probability that a laser fails before 5800 hours?

[Ans:0.5633]

(b) What is the life in hours that 90% of the laser exceed? [Ans:737.5]

7.

that the probability that each component operates without failure during the

useful life of the product is 0.999, and assume that the components fail

independently. Approximate the probability that 10 or more of the original

5000 components fail during the useful life of the product. [Ans: 0.022]

8. The time between arrivals of taxis at a busy intersection is exponentially

distributed with a mean of 10 minutes.

a What is the probability that you have ait longer than one hour for a taxi?

[Ans:0.002478]

b Suppose you have already been waiting for one hour for a taxi, what is the

probability that one arrives within the next 10 minutes? [Ans: 0.6321]

c Determine x such that the probability that you wait more than x minutes

is 0.10. [Ans: 23.03 min]

d Determine x such that the probability that you wait less than x minutes is

0.90. [Ans: 23.03 min]

9. According to results from the analysis of chocolate bars, the mean number of

insect fragments was 14.4 in 225 grams. Assume that the number of

fragments follow a Poisson distribution.

a What is the mean number of grams of chocolate until a fragment is

detected? [Ans: 15.625]

b What is the probability that there are no fragments in 28.35 grams (one

ounce) chocolate bar? [Ans: 0.1629]

c Suppose you consume seven one-ounce (28.35 grams) bars this week.

What is the probability of no insect fragments? [Ans: 3.05 x 10-6]

10.The lifetime of a mechanical assembly in a vibration test is exponentially

distributed with a mean of 400 hours.

a What is the probability that an assembly on test fails in less than 100

hours? [Ans: 0.2212]

b What is the probability that an assembly operates for more than 500

hours before failure? [Ans: 0.2865]

c If an assembly has been on test for 400 hours without a failure, what is

the probability of a failure in the next 100 hours? [Ans: 0.2212]

d If 10 assemblies are tested, what is the probability that at least one fails

in less than 100 hours? Assume that the assemblies fail independently.

[Ans: 0.9179]

e If 10 assemblies are tested, what is the probability that all have failed by

800 hours? Assume the assemblies fail independently. [Ans: 0.2337]

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