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Example J.7

Base Plate Bearing on Concrete

Given:

A W12u96 column bears on a 24 in. u 24 in. concrete pedestal. The space between the base
plate and the concrete pedestal is grouted. Design the base plate to support the following loads
in axial compression:
PD = 115 kips
PL = 345 kips

Material Properties:

Column W12u96
Base Plate
Concrete Pedestal
Grout

ASTM A992
ASTM A36
fc = 3 ksi
fc = 4 ksi

Fy = 50 ksi
Fy = 36 ksi

Fu = 65 ksi
Fu = 58 ksi

Geometric Properties:

Column W12u96

d = 12.7 in.

bf = 12.2 in.

tf = 0.900 in.

tw = 0.550 in.

Solution:

Calculate the required strength


LRFD

Pu

1.2 115 kips  1.6 345 kips

ASD

690 kips

Pa

115 kips  345 kips

460 kips

Aped = (24 in.)(24 in.)


= 576 in.2
Acol = (12.7 in.)(12.2 in.) = 155 in.2
Since the pedestal area is larger than the column footprint area, but less than less than 4 times
column footprint area, the concrete bearing area will be the geometrically similar area of the
pedestal to the base plate.

Manual
Table 1-1

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Calculate the base plate area


LRFD

ASD

:c = 2.50

Ic = 0.60
A1 req

Pu
Ic 0.85 f 'c

A1 req

690 kips
0.6 0.85 3 ksi

Specification
Section J8

Pa : c
0.85 f 'c

460 kips 2.50


0.85 3 ksi

451 in.2

451 in.2

Note: The strength of the grout has conservatively been neglected, as its strength is greater
than that of the concrete pedestal.
Try a 22 in.u22 in. base plate
Check base plate dimensions
Verify N t d  2 3 in. and B t b f  2 3 in.
d  2 3 in. 12.7 in.  2 3 in.
b f  2 3 in.

Table 14-2

18.7 in.  22 in.

12.2 in.  2 3 in. 18.2 in.  22 in.

Base plate area, A1

NB

22 in. 22 in.

o.k.
o.k.

484 in.2 > 451 in.2

o.k.

Note: A square base plate with a square anchor rod pattern will be used to minimize the chance
for field and shop problems.
Calculate the geometrically similar concrete bearing area
Since the pedestal is square and the base plate is a concentrically located square, the full
pedestal area is also the geometrically similar area. Therefore,
A2

24 in. 24 in.

576 in.2

Verify the concrete bearing strength


LRFD

ASD

:c = 2.50

Ic = 0.60
Ic Pp

Ic 0.85 f 'c A1

A2
A1

0.6 0.85 3 ksi 484 in.2


808 kips ! 690 kips

Pp / : c

576 in.2
484 in.2

o.k.

0.85 f 'c A1
:c

Specification
Section J8
Specification
Eqn. J8-2

A2
A1

0.85 3 ksi 484 in.2


2.5
539 kips ! 460 kips

576 in.2
484 in.2

o.k.

J-15

Note: It is permitted to take Ic = 0.65 per ACI 318-02


Also note that as the area of the base plate approaches the area of concrete, the modifying
A2
ratio,
, approaches unity and Specification Eqn. J8-2 converges to Specification Eqn. J8-1.
A1
Calculate required base plate thickness
m

n'

Manual
Part 14

22 in.  0.95 12.7 in.

N  0.95d
2

4.97 in.

B  0.8b f

22 in.  0.8 12.2 in.

db f

12.7 in. 12.2 in.

6.12 in.

3.11 in.

LRFD

Calculate required base plate thickness


X

4db f Pu

d  b

ASD

Calculate required base plate thickness


X

Ic Pp

12.7 in.  12.2 in. 808 kips

0.853

d1

2 X
1 1 X
2 0.853

1  1  0.854

1  1  0.853
1.

1.34 ! 1, use O

Note: O can always be conservatively taken as being equal to 1

d1

2 0.854

1.34 ! 1, use O

On '

Pp

12.7 in.  12.2 in. 2 539 kips

0.854

2 X

4 12.7 in. 12.2 in. 460 kips

1 1 X

d  b
f

4 12.7 in. 12.2 in. 690 kips

4db f Pa :c

1 3.11 in.
max m, n, On '

3.11 in.
max 4.97 in.,6.12 in.,3.11 in.

6.12 in.

1.

J-16

LRFD

f pu

Pu
BN

t p req

690 kips
22 in. 22 in.

2 f pu
0.9 Fy

6.12 in.

2 1.43 ksi

0.9 36 ksi

1.82 in.

Use a 2 in. thick base plate.

ASD

1.43 ksi

f pa

Pa
BN

t p req

460 kips
22 in. 22 in.

0.95 ksi

3.33 f pa
Fy

6.12 in.
1.82 in.

3.33 0.950 ksi

36 ksi