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This paper explains new methods on teaching mathematics through technology, which can improve students’ knowledge in engineering education effectively. Also this paper presents mathematics methodology on problems solving graphically for engineering education by interactive and creative methods. Identifying the importance of teaching mathematics components (numerical solutions, graphical solutions and experimental methods) using technology. We used Geogebra as a technology tool to teach Numerical techniques (algebraic and transcendental equations) examples with graphical representation and had a immediate positive effect from the students on more understanding knowledge of mathematics for the future development.

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Volume: 2 Issue: 9

ISSN: 2321-8169

2569 2571

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

Mr.V. Naganjaneyulu 1

Dr.A.Ramakrishna Prasad 2

Department of Mathematics

Al Habeeb College of Engg & Tech

RR Dist, India.

Professor of Mathematics

JNTUH

Hyderabad ,India

Abstract--This paper explains new methods on teaching mathematics through technology, which can improve students knowledge in

engineering education effectively. Also this paper presents mathematics methodology on problems solving graphically for engineering education

by interactive and creative methods. Identifying the importance of teaching mathematics components (numerical solutions, graphical solutions

and experimental methods) using technology. We used Geogebra as a technology tool to teach Numerical techniques (algebraic and

transcendental equations) examples with graphical representation and had a immediate positive effect from the students on more understanding

knowledge of mathematics for the future development.

Keywords: Engineering education, Teaching mathematics, problem solving, Geogebra, Creative environment.

__________________________________________________*****_________________________________________________

1.

INTRODUCTION

familiar with the following mathematics topics, Vector

Calculus, Linear Algebra, Ordinary Differential Equations,

Partial Differential Equations, Single and Multi variable

Calculus and basic Probability & Statistics. Usually, all

these topics are taught in separate mathematics subjects.

They are usually not incorporated into the teaching of

engineering subjects.

Teaching mathematics using technology has changed

extremely during the last 5-10 years. In today generation

many calculators are available for mathematical geometrical

constructions. If we change the mode of teaching

mathematics with computers then there are several kinds of

mathematics softwares both paid and freeware is easy to get

in the todays market. We are preferring freeware software

Geogebra which can give deep understanding of algebraic

and transcendental equations under numerical techniques.

This significant change in availability raises the questions

naturally concerning about teaching mathematics in

engineering education at all different branches, questions

concerning about mathematical content, learning, teaching

and assessment.

2. WHAT IS GEOGEBRA

Markus Hohenwarter created free mathematics software

GeoGebra, which is used for both teaching and learning

mathematics from the school level through college level to

the University level [1].This tool extends the concepts of

dynamic geometry to the fields of algebra and mathematical

analysis. Numerous research results suggest that this

software package can be used to encourage discovery,

experimentation and visualization in traditional teaching of

majority of teachers, the main problem is how to provide the

technology necessary for the successful integration of

technology into teaching mathematics. GeoGebra was

created to help students gain a better understanding of

mathematics. Students can manipulate variables easily by

simply dragging free objects around the plane of drawing, or

by using sliders. Students can generate changes using a

technique of manipulating free objects, and then they can

learn how the dependent objects will be affected. In this

way, students have the opportunity to solve problems by

investigating mathematical relations dynamically.

2.1 Geogebra is a Dynamic Mathematics Software, which

integrates Geometry, Algebra(GeoGebra) and Calculus. It

has elements of Dynamic Geometry Software (DGS) and

Computer Algebra Systems (CAS). Runs on any platform

that supports Java.

2.2 It is freely available for online installation from

www.geogebra.org/webstart or downloadable for local

installation at www.geogebra.org.

2.3 Examples at www.geogebra.org/book/intro-en.zip and at

the wiki www.geogebra.org/en/wiki.Thoughts, help and

queries are shared at the forum www.geogebra.org/forum .

2.4 Designed specifically for educational purposes,

Geogebra can help students grasp experimental, Problemoriented and research-oriented learning of mathematics, both

in the classroom and at home.

The most important aspire of GeoGebra is to provide two

presentations of each mathematical object in its algebra and

graphics windows. If we change any object in one of these

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Volume: 2 Issue: 9

ISSN: 2321-8169

2569 2571

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

windows, its presentation in the other one will be

immediately updated automatically. Computer Algebra

Systems CAS (such as Mathematica, Maple, Matlab,

Mathcad etc) and dynamic geometry softwares (such as

Cabri Geometry, Geometers Sketchpad etc) are powerful

technological tools for teaching mathematics. Numerous

research results suggest that these software packages can be

useful to encourage students discovery, experimentation

and visualization in mathematics traditional teaching.

However, researchers suggest that, for the majority of

faculties, the main problem is how to provide the technology

necessary for the successful integration of technology into

teaching (Ruthven & Hennessy, 2004)[2].So, the suggested

solution for teaching mathematics Geogebra is one of

software packet for applying technology in the college level.

3.

point of positive x-axis and the first line which gives

solution of equation. Here teachers can teach effectively

with graphical representation which is not possible by pen,

paper and calculator.

GeoGebra can be used as a mathematics software

tool to help students perform data analysis and inference and

explore mathematical models. Students can work with a

specially configured version of GeoGebra designed for a

mathematics-learning environment (Figures1&2). This

specially configured version of GeoGebra is only accessible

by the students of the lecturer who has designed this version

of GeoGebra.

THROUGH GEOGEBRA

reference textbooks, lecture notes, lectures, assignments,

mid exams and final exam) our plan is to try to make some

changes in the way of work in order to make our teaching

courses more effective and to improve the learning

outcomes of our students. The goal is to use GeoGebra to

provide an environment for active exploration of algebraic

mathematical structures through multiple representations, or

to show students some aspects of the mathematics that are

not possible with pen and paper.

To teach Algebraic and Transcendental equations under

Numerical Techniques in engineering education, Most of the

teachers are using Bisection , Regula-Falsi, Iteration and

Newton Raphson methods to solve the problems for

solutions with the help of objects: pen, paper and calculator.

As part of our research work, we can teach or we can verify

the answers of those problems effectively with visualised

graphical solutions with the help of GeoGebra. These graphs

are only possible with technology but not with pen, paper

and calculator.

x - x - 2x - 6x 4=0

(The solution is 2.73)

3.1 For example the algebraic equation: Find the root of the

equation x - x - 2x - 6x 4=0 (see figure 1).

3.2 For example the transcendental equation: Find the root

of the equation (x)tan(x)+1=0 (See figure 2).

In the present engineering education the teachers or

students can solve the above Algebraic and Transcedental

equations by using Bisection, Regula-Falsi, Iteration and

Newton Raphson methods. But we can solve these

equations with graphical representation through

GeoGebra. Switch on the GeoGebra home page and enter

(x)tan(x)+1=0

(The solution is 2.80)

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Volume: 2 Issue: 9

ISSN: 2321-8169

2569 2571

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

CONCLUSION

In this paper, we explained some opportunities and

examples on how GeoGebra can be used effectively in

engineering education to explore some basic concepts in

algebraic and transcendental equations under numerical

techniques. Finally we can conclude that GeoGebra has

many possibilities to help students to get an intuitive feeling

and to visualize adequate mathematics process. The use of

this software tools allow the students to explore a wider

range of function types, and provides students to make the

connections between symbolic and visual representations.

REFERENCES

[1]

[2]

[3]

[4]

www.geogebra.com

K. Ruthven, S. Hennessy, S. Brindley (2004), Teacher

representations of the successful use of computer-based

tools and resources in secondary-school English,

mathematics and science, Teaching and Teacher

Education, Volume 20,Issue 3, pages 259-275.

http://www.geogebra.org

http://www.math.umn.edu/~rogness/mathlets/xSquaredSi

n1o verX/

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