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This contains chemical engineering problems solved using mathcad.
Topics:
Transport Phenomena
Heat and Mass Transfer
Momentum Transfer
Separation Processes
Chemical Reaction Engineering

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5ChE A

Transport Processes

Conduction: A furnace consists of 60cm of chrome brick. The brick has a specific heat of

0.4cal/g-C. The temperature of the inside surface of the wall is 600C and the outer

surface is 200C.

(a) Calculate the thermal diffusivity of the brick

(b) What is the thermal conductivity of the brick

(c) Calculate the heat loss per hour through a wall 2m high and 2m long

Figure:

60c

Ti

2

1

T1 =

600C

2

T2 =

200C

SOLUTION:

Momentum Transfer

Friction Loss in a straight pipe and Effect of type of pipe: A liquid having a density of

801kg/m3 and a viscosity of 1.49x10-3 Pa-s is flowing through a horizontal straight pipe at

a velocity of 4.57m/s. The commercial steel pipe is 1 and in. nominal pipe size,

schedule 40. For a length of pipe of 61m,

(a) Calculate the friction loss FL

(b) For a smooth tube of the same inside diameter, calculate the friction loss. What is the

percent reduction fo the FL for the smooth tube?

Figure

Liquid

= 801kg/m3

= 1.49x103

Pa-s

v = 4.57m/s

SOLUTION:

Pipe

LS = 61m

Evaporation: A feed of 4535kg/h of a 2.0wt % salt solution at 311K enter continuously a

single-effect evaporator and is being concentrated to 3.0wt%. The evaporation is at

atmospheric pressure and the area of the evaporator is 69.7m2. Saturated steam at 383.2K

is supplied for heating. Since the solution is dilute, it can be assumed to have the same

boiling point as water. The heat capacity of the feed can be taken as Cp = 4.20kJ/kg-K.

Calculate the amounts of vaport and liquid product and the overall heat transfer

coefficient U.

Diagram

E

P1 = 1atm =

Satd

Steam

T=

Vo

C

4535kg/hr

TF = 311K

XF = 0.02

CpF =

4.10kJ/kg-K

SOLUTION:

L

XL=

Area =

Separation Processes

Extraction: A countercurrent multiple stage contact extraction system is to treat

50tons/hr of wet sliced sugar beets with fresh water as solvent. The beets have the

following analysis:

Component

Water

Pulp

Sugar

Mass fraction

0.48

0.40

0.12

The strong solution leaving the system is to contain 0.14 mass fraction of sugar and 97%

percent of the sugar in the sliced beets is to be recovered. Determine the number of

extraction cells required if each ton of dry pulp retains 3 tons of solution, assuming

equilibrium between the underflow and the overflow from each cell.

Diagram

Ya = 0.15

97%

recovery

Fresh

Vb

V

a

b

Lb

La = 50tons/hr

XAb = 0.40

XAa = 0.12 XAs =

0.48

Lsn /B =

3

Series Reactions: Given the isothermal, constant volume, elementary batch reactions:

A2RS with Cao = 2.5M, Cro = 0.1M, k1 = 0.25/min and k2 = 0.5L/mole-min,

determine Cr after 4minutes using R-K method with a stepsize (h) = 1. Graph time versus

concentration after.

SOLUTION:

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