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Quiz

Ziming
What is a Sync License and who is likely to hold the rights?
Sync License is the permission to use a song in a video. It is likely in the hands of the publisher.
What is a Master License and who is likely to hold the rights?
Master License is the right to use a existing recording of the song in a video, and the music
label usually has the right to master license.

What is a Mechanical License and how might it relate to a film/tv project?


Mechanical License is the right to work with, study, re-interpret a pre-existing work. It might be
of use when the cost of obtaining the master license is beyond the budget limit, thus serving as
a cheaper alternative to use the song in the video.

What is a Performance Rights Organization/Society (PRO/PRS)? Name three.


They are organizations that manage and collect royalties from plays on radio, TV, and other
venues. Three examples are ASCAP, BMI, and SESAC.

What is a Most Favored Nations (MFN) deal?


When you go to your best connection and seal a deal for a low-cost license, you can then use
this price as a standard for your subsequent licenses.

What is a Step Deal?


Step Deal allows one to pay a low initial price for a license until the final product reaches a
certain commercial success. The license stipulates that once a certain amount of revenue is
realized, then addition fee should be paid to the licensor. This is especially advantageous for
low-budget independent films.

What is a Buy Out Deal?


Buy out deal is when music is purchased for a flat fee, without further royalties and other costs.
This is common in library music.
What is a "pre-record" in the context of film/tv production?
pre-record is the use of preexisting material for a production. In TV, it could also mean the prerecording of a show rather than live recording.

Describe the difference between common cue sheet use codes: BI, VI, BV, VV, EC, MT
BI background instrumental, where no instrument/source is seen or implied in the scene.
VI Visual instrumental, the source is found in the scene, such as an orchestra.
BV, background vocal, the source for vocal is not in the scene, such as a piece of vocal music
that connects a series of montages.

VV, visual vocal, a jukebox or a live band in the scene, we can see or infer that the characters in
the scene are also hearing the music.
EC - end credits: music at the end of the movie where credits roll.
MT - main title, at the beginning of a film, when the title appears on the screen, usually more
expensive for license.

Explain the difference between Diegetic and Non-Diegetic Music and give an example of each.
Diegetic, the sound is coming from the scene where the characters can also hear the music. An
orchestra, a jukebox.
Non diegetic, complete underscore for the scene, the music cannot be heard by any characters.
most film scores are non diegetic music.