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PEDO

PAKHTUNKHWA ENERGY DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION


GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA PROVINCE

PC I PROFORMA

CONSTRUCTION
OF
GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377 MW)

DISTRICT CHITRAL
ADP No. ____

Estimated Cost Rs. 181,115.83 Million

JULY, 2014

A Joint Venture of:


Associated Consulting Engineers ACE (Pvt.) Ltd.
1 C/2, M. M. Alam Road, Gulberg- III, Lahore

Engineering General Consultants EGC (Pvt.) Ltd.


49/D-1, Gulberg-III, Lahore

Technical Engineering and Management Consultants


th

Suit No.9, 4 Floor, Amaan Business Centre, Block H-3, Johar Town, Lahore

PC-I Performa

CONSTRUCTION OF
GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377 MW)
DISTRICT CHITRAL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Sr. No.

Description

Page No.

1.

Name of the Project

2.

Location

3.

Authorities Responsible

4.

Plan Provision

5.

Relationship of the Project with Objectives of the Sector

6.

Description, Justification, Technical Parameters and Technology


Transfer Aspects

7.

Capital Cost of Project

39

8.

Annual Operating and Maintenance Cost after Completion of the Project

40

9.

Demand and Supply

40

10.

Financial Plan and Mode of Financing

41

11.

Project Benefits and Analysis

41

12.

Implementation Schedule (Including Starting and Completion Dates)

52

13.

Management Structure and Manpower Requirements Including Specialized


Skills during Construction and Operational Phases

14.

53

Additional Projects/ Decisions Required to Maximize Socio-Economic


Benefits from the Proposed Project

53

GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN
PLANNING COMMISSION
PC-I FORM
(INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS)
Sr.
No.
1.

2.

Title
NAME
OF
PROJECT

Description
THE

LOCATION

Feasibility study of 377 MW of Gahrait Swir Lasht


Hydropower Project, District Chitral, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Province, Pakistan.
The proposed Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydro Power Project is
located on Chitral River. Chitral River is the main river
downstream of Chitral city that passes through Chitral
Valley. It flows from north to south and enters Afghanistan
near Arandu Town. The dam site is proposed about 35 km
downstream of Chitral Town. The project layout is proposed
on the right bank of Chitral River. Powerhouse site is located
about 8 km downstream of Drosh Town near Swir Lasht
Village. The national grid at Chakdara is at a distance of
about 170 km from the powerhouse site.
Location Map has been placed at Figure-2.1.

i)

AUTHORITIES
RESPONSIBLE
Sponsoring

ii)

Execution

iii)

Operation & Maintenance

iv)

Concerned Federal
Ministry
PLAN PROVISION

3.

4.
5.

RELATIONSHIP OF THE
PROJECT WITH THE
OBJECTIVES OF THE
SECTOR

Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Province, through


Energy and Power Department, Government of Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa.
Pakhtunkhwa Energy Development Organization (PEDO),
Energy and Power Department, Government of Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa.
Pakhtunkhwa Energy Development Organization (PEDO),
Energy and Power Department Government of Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa.
Water and Power, Islamabad, Government of Pakistan.
Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydropower Project will be included in
future ADP plan.
i) The main objective of development of power sector is to
provide adequate facilities for the generation, transmission
and distribution of electrical energy keeping in view the
present severe power shortage and future requirements for
industrial, agricultural and economic development of the

country.
ii) The prime objective of the implementation of this project is
to develop the power potential available in Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa, on sustainable basis and thus provide
cheaper, renewable, environment friendly and most needed
power, keeping in mind the present and future requirements
of Pakistan, especially rural and remote areas of Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa,.
iii) In order to meet the challenges of the project construction,
operation and maintenance in professional manner, the
hydel projects can be developed by the;
a) Public Sector
b) Public Private Partnership
c) Private Sector
The energy generated by this project shall be sold to Central
Power Purchasing Agency (CPPA)
Installed capacity of the plant has been assumed as 377 MW.
6.

i)

DESCRIPTION,
JUSTIFICATION,
TECHNICAL
PARAMETERS AND
TECHNOLOGY
TRANSFER ASPECTS
Justification

The role of the proposed project is to increase the installed


capacity of PEDO by adding 377 MW with cheaper and
renewable annual energy generation of about 1579 GWh,
which shall be sold to Central Power Purchasing Agency
through Chitral valley Grid station The proposed project
would have the following overall positive impacts;
The project will be helpful to fill some of the gap between
present energy supply and demand.
Saving the foreign exchange by not importing fuel that is
used in alternative thermal project.
Economic activity for local contractors/ people during
construction period
Replacement of expensive thermal plants by hydro plants in
a medium / long term scenario, providing cheaper and
renewable hydropower resources.
Increasing Hydel share in generation mix to reduce the
prevailing high tariff rates of electricity.
Less environmental impact, especially no production of toxic

gases.
Saving of firewood, hence increase in tree and reduction in
soil erosion.

ii)

Description and
Technical Parameters

By implementing the Project, the Govt. of Khyber


Pakhtunkhwa can develop industrial set-up at a faster rate.
Project is expected to create new full-time employment
opportunities during construction as well as during
operational phase.
The Project would create additional economic benefits for
the country and local community from recreational activities
likefishing, water sports, boating, camping, riding, hiking,
hunting and winter sports.
A. General
The proposed Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydropower Project has its
dam site located on Chitral river about 35 km downstream of
Chitral city and about 150 m downstream of Kesu nullah
which is a left tributary of Chitral river. It joins with Chitral
River about 6 km upstream of Drosh Town. The powerhouse
site is proposed on the right bank of Chitral River about 4.5
km downstream of Drosh Town. Headrace tunnel 10,268 m
long will cross 2620 m high ridge in the middle and shall lead
to the surge shaft and then to the powerhouse. In the middle
of its length, the tunnel will cross a high ridge with an
overburden of about 1300 m. A few deep non-perennial
nullahs cross the head race tunnel alignment.
Chitral district lies in the northwestern part of the northern
Pakistan on the southern edge of the Eurasian Plate. It is
connected to Peshawar, the capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
(KP) province by road and plane service. The plane service is
frequently suspended due to bad weather and the road from
Peshawar to Chitral town remains closed for several months
in winter due to snowfall on the 3,200 meter high Lowari Pass
over the top of which the road passes. To cross the high
mountains of Lowari Pass, 8.5 Km long tunnel, which is
nearing completion, is partially opened for traffic when Lowari
top is not motorable.
B. Geology
Geological and geotechnical investigations carried out for the
feasibility study of the project. Geological and geotechnical
evaluation of the foundation conditions and the parameters
established for use in the design of various surface and
underground structures including the design of rock

excavation are based on the current status of field


investigations and laboratory works. To confirm and
supplement this data, further investigations are needed to be
carried out at detailed design stage of the project.
Dam site is accessible from Chitral to Drosh by a 38 Km long
metalled road. An unpaved jeepable track, about 1 Km long
leads to the left abutment of dam site. Powerhouse site is
approachable from the right bank Katcha track from Gahrait
to Swir Lasht through Drosh.
Relief of Chitral area is extreme and rough, forming up to
several thousand meters high ridges at places. Steep gorges
are found where major rivers and their tributaries incise the
lithologies. Overall, slopes are steep and show rock fallscree, mass movements and slumped structures at many
places. Quaternary deposits are found in the form of alluvial
sand, gravel and boulders in the stream beds; scree, talus,
and landslides debris on the slopes. Alluvial fans and
terraces are the common points of the human settlement and
cultivation.
The drainage system of the area is well developed and
structurally controlled. The streams are widest in the areas
where they cut soft lithologies such as shales, phylites and
slates but become narrower when pass though limestone,
marble and igneous formations.
Valley slopes are steep and show rock falls, scree and
slumped structures at many places. Quaternary deposits are
found in the form of alluvial sand, gravel and boulders in the
river bed, scree and land slide debris on the slopes. River
terraces are developed along the river with flat and gently
sloping surfaces and are being used for agriculture /
cultivation.
The Project area is affected by folds, reverse and thrust
faults. MKT and Reshun faults pass close by the dam site
and powerhouse area .
The underground powerhouse site at Swir-Lasht was
considered as apparently good location and remained
unchanged at the initial stage of the study. However,
geological mapping drilling and seismic hazard evaluation
studies indicated that the site is affected badly by the
presence / closeness of Main Karakoram Thrust (MKT).
Therefore another location about 3.5 km upstream was
selected for investigations. This location is at sufficient

distance from MKT


The powerhouse location and tunnel route apparently looked
favourable whereas examination of dam site indicated some
anomalies in geology, which required relocation of the dam
site.
With this consideration, a few more spots along the river in
the upstream and downstream were visited and a dam site
about 3 km downstream of GTZ site, 150 m downstream of
Kesu nullah was selected for feasibility studies. The dam site
is now called Kesu Dam site Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydropower
Project.
The Project site was investigated through various means,
upto the level of Feasibility Stage. The main investigations
included surface geological mapping. exploratory drilling,
Seismic Refraction Surveys, excavation of shafts in
overburden at the dam site and tailrace channel and
collection of discontinuity data at various engineering
structures, headrace and diversion tunnels and powerhouse
area. Test pits were excavated in the reservoir and
powerhouse tailrace areas and Chitral river to collect sandy
gravel samples for testing as concrete aggregates..
Discontinuity Survey was carried out at the dam site, intake
structure area, along the headrace and diversion tunnels and
powerhouse areas wherever access was possible and joints
were exposed. In most of the gently sloping areas, both
abutments are covered by scree, talus, debris of alluvium and
colluvial material and vegetation. In such areas and in zones
of weathered and fine material, the discontinuity planes are
missing. Similarly under the cliffs, where approach was
difficult and dangerous no discontinuity survey was carried
out. The following types of discontinuities were observed in
the field.
Granodiorite rock is exposed on both abutments. Dips and
strikes of beds being on the same side indicate no geological
break up or any anomaly between the two abutments.
Geological structure correlates with each other. The rock is
quite hard and strong and can withstand the loads imposed
by the proposed rock-fill dam. On the basis of RQD which is
mostly 70% to 80%, it is expected that Allowable Bearing
Capacity of rock will be 10 to 15 Mpa in accordance with the
relationship graph produced by US Army Corps of Engineers,
Foundation Engineering EM 1110-1-2908, 30 November

1994.
The geological mapping was carried out at a scale of 1:500
using recently produced topographic maps produced for the
feasibility study. Most of the reservoir area is covered with
alluvium and river banks with scree / talus material. These
deposits will be submerged and gradually silt up minimizing
the seepages through the river bed and abutment rocks. In
the reservoir area river passes through different rocks of
meta-sediments i.e. Kesu-Kaghozi granites, Reshun marbles,
Kaghozi green schists, Chitral slates and Gahrait lime stones.
These rocks are exposed on the right bank above reservoir
level except for about 200 m upstream of diversion tunnels
where these rocks are exposed at lower level within the
reservoir boundary. The outcrops of these formations have
been dissected by the tributaries of various nullahs.
Regionally, the outcrops of the hard resistant rocks
(granodiorites, slates, limestone) make ridges while black
schists, phyllites have been eroded to leave depressions or
hollows.
There are several instruments and monitoring devices which
are installed during tunneling or in post tunneling period,
wherefrom a lot of information about the stresses and their
build up or converging of roof, floor or walls is obtained.
Knowing deformation in the rock mass, it is possible to adopt
the type and dimensions as well as the timings of proper rock
support required to the actual ground conditions encountered
during the excavation process. Some of the instruments
which are generally used for tunnel monitoring.
Seven (7) test pits in the Chitral river (Reservoir area) and 2
test pits in the tailrace area of powerhouse and 2 in the river
bed were excavated and samples (one composite sample
from each pit) was collected for onward delivery to CMTL
Laboratory, Lahore for testing. Samples were tested to
assess suitibility of the materials as construction material
including concrete aggregates. Petrographic analysis was
carried out by the Geological Deptt. of University of the
Punjab and by Dr. Ashraf petrographer. Test pits could not be
excavated to more than 2.7 m depth due to encountering of
groundwater.
C.

Geotechnical Engineering

Foundation Treatment of Main Dam


Geological conditions indicate that both abutments of the

main dam consist of granodiorite / quartz diorite. These rocks


are massive and moderately jointed and dip at 75 to 80
towards right abutment with strikes slightly oblique to the river
in the upstream dirction and form steep slopes of the river
valley. The rock mass is subjected to open joints, parallel and
perpendicular to the valley slope. These open joints are
source of high permeability (Lugeon values range from 20 to
45). The upper 5 m to 7 m zone is generally weathered. The
higher Lugeon values are not specific to any particular zone
but are generally scattered at different depths.
Bedrock was not encountered in the borehole in river valley
drilled upto 30 m depth. However geophysical surveys
indicated rock at 40 m depth. The material is heterogeneous
throughout and contains sandy gravel with boulders. A layer
of fine and loose sand exists from about 8 to 12 m depth and
another layer at 21 m depth. The permeability K-values are
1.1 x 10-2 cm/sec to 3.5 x 10-2 cm/sec. The sand layer at
shallow depth of 8 to 12 m is prone to liquefaction in
earthquake condition.
The abutments as well as river valley foundation material
requires treatment to minimize under seepage and improve
the foundation.
Under Seepage Control through River Bed Alluvium
To cut down under-seepage through the river alluvium,
plastic concrete diaphragm wallwill be provided. Plastic
concrete diaphragm wall will also be provided in the buried
valley area to cutoff seepage of reservoir water through the
buried valley.
Curtain Grouting in Rock
Grout curtains will be provided on both abutments. The
curtains on both abutments will be 25 to 30 m deep. The
depth of curtain may be adjusted depending upon data
obtained through primary holes. Some inclined holes will be
required from both abutments to tie into the cut off which will
be provided to seal river alluvium.
Grouting material will be Ordinary Portland Cement and fine
sand with varying percentage of water as required during
grouting. About 2% to 5% bentonite would increase flowability of the grout. Because of high permeability two rows of
grout curtain with 1.5 m spacing between the rows is
proposed.

Low pressure grouting from 1 to 5 bars and 3 m to 5 m deep


stages are recommended. For grouting, upstage or
downstage method can be used, even though down stage
method is preferable.
Grout curtain would be vertical or slightly inclined towards
downstream to cross as many beds as possible. For curtain
grouting on the abutments, initial hole spacing can also be 3
m all along the curtain alignment. The spacing can be
reduced by placing secondary and tertiary holes if required.
Treatment of Structures Foundations
The concrete structures that will be founded on excavated
rock foundations include intake structure of power system
and inlet and outlet of tunnel spillway / diversion tunnels. The
treatment of foundations of these structures will include
dental concrete and consolidation grouting as described in
the following.
Dental Concrete
Careful blasting is required so as not to disturb the foundation
rock beyond 0.5 m or so. After removing loose and
weathered zone, crevices, joints, pockets between the beds
and open cracks will be cleaned with the help of crow bars
and broomed. All cracks and joints shall be properly filled
preferably with slush grout and mortar. The surface
undulations shall be covered and filled with a layer of blinding
concrete using pea gravels as coarse aggregate.
Consolidation Grouting
Consolidation grouting will help in reducing leakage through
fractured zones and to provide a firm foundation for the
structure. Consolidation grouting will be required on both
abutments. The grouting will extend to about 5 m depth below
the foundation level.
The grout mix, grouting procedure, hole spacing etc. will be
similar to that described earlier for grout curtain.

Support System for Underground Works


Underground Works
The following main underground works are required for construction of the Project:
1.

Intake Connecting Tunnels (D-shaped)

4 Nos. 12x9 m, length varies 288 to 318 m

2.

Diversion & Spillway Tunnels (D-shaped)

4 Nos. 7.6x7.6 m, length varies 189 to 316 m

3.

Sand Trap (V-arched shape)

4 Nos. 14.3x20.3 m Av. Length 525 m

4.

Headrace Connecting Tunnel (circular)

4 Nos. 6.75 m, Av. Length 188 m

5.

Headrace Tunnel (circular)

2 Nos. 9.5 m, Av. Length 10214 m

6.

Surge Shaft (Circular, Vertical)

2 Nos. 10 m &71 m high

7.

Pressure Shaft (Circular, Horizontal)

2 Nos. 6.5 m , Av. Length 92.2 m long

8.

Tailrace Tunnel (D-Shaped)

4 Nos. 7x6.5 m, Av. Length 3980 m long

9.

Powerhouse Chamber

113 m x 24 m x 35 m (L x W x H)

Support Systems for Underground Works


Rock supports have been designed to improve the stability of
underground openings according to the ground conditions
likely to be encountered. This requires flexible support
methods which can be quickly adjusted to meet the
continuously changing quality of rock masses.
The Consultants have adopted RMR system for rock
classification of tunnels and GSI system for large chambers
and cut slopes.
Support System for Tunnels (RMR System)
a) Percentage of different Rock Classes
Summary of rock mass classes and rock quality of different
rocks likely to be encountered along the tunnels and
powerhouse is given in following Table.

Rock Mass Classes along Tunnel Route


Route

Rock Mass
Class

Rock
Quality

5,247

II

Good

47

Total length =
11278 m (from
intake to
powerhouse)

6,031

III

Fair

53

Tailrace Tunnel

700

II

Good

18

(Total Length =
3900 m)

700

III

Fair

18

2,500

IV

Poor

64

Headrace
Tunnel

Tunnel
Length (m)

Percentage

b) Initial Design of Supports


During excavation some form of initial ground support will be
required for stability. These ground supports are installed
shortly after excavation in order to maintain a stable and safe
opening during construction. Final supports are those
systems that need to maintain a functional opening for the
design life of the project. Initial supports also constitute a
substantial part of the final support.
The extent of support system will depend upon the type and
underground structure of the rock, extent of the deformation
and mechanical properties of the particular rock masses to be
traversed. Since excavation and constructions are not being
done at this stage, the field data regarding actual subsurface
rock conditions is not available. Using surface geological
maps, discontinuity data, laboratory test results and
information gained from drill holes and Rock Mass Rating
(RMR), maximum effort has been made to achieve the goal
for initial design of supports.
c) Rock Support Requirement using RMR System
The Guidelines Geomechanics Classification (CSIR) Guide
for Excavation and Support in Rock Tunnels, Horseshoe
shape, widh 10 m, Vertical Stress 25 MPa, Construction by
Drilling and Blasting using RMR System given by Engineers

10

Manual EM 1110-2-2901, 30 May 1997, US Department of


the Army Corps of Engineersare used for the project tunnels.
During actual excavations some modifications in the design
of supports will be required depending upon the exposed rock
conditions, especially in unexpected cases of heavy bursting
or popping, tensioned systematic bolts with enlarged bearing
plates may be used and spot bolting may also be needed.
During Detail Design Studies, design of rock bolts, anchors,
steel ribs and shotcrete analysis will be revised and any
changes in the design based on further field and laboratory
information, will be incorporated.
Support System for Powerhouse
To provide a feasibility level design of the powerhouse
complex caverns following studies were carried out.

Estimation of Geology and Structural features in the


areas of the underground structures.

Established rock mass properties for the rock masses


using Hoeks GSI classifications.

Assessed prevailing in-situ stresses in the areas of the


major underground excavations using 2D finite
element analysis.

Determined optimum orientations of the powerhouse


complex caverns with regards to structural geology.

Established feasibility design rock support measures


by carrying out 2-dimensional finite element analyses
of the powerhouse complex for estimating
deformations.

The analysis is based on:

Results of available geological investigations and


geotechnical evaluations made for the Project site;

Predication/ formulation of subsurface geological


models.

Gravity stress field with the parametric values of k


factor.

The 2D Finite Element method has been used to analyze


stress distributions around the excavations and to

11

complement the empirical approaches in assessing support


requirements for the powerhouse cavern. This interpretation
must be confirmed by further exploration work during the
detailed design phase of the project.
Estimation of Rock Mass Strength Parameters
The rock mass shear strength was estimated using the Hoek
and Brown failure criterion (Hoek et al., 1995, revised 2002).
Use of the Hoek-Brown criterion requires the estimation of
three parameters that describe the rock mass and its strength
characteristics:
GSI (Geological Strength Index), c
(compressive strength of intact rock material) and mi (a
constant based on the rock type). RocScienceRocLab 1.0
software was used to establish shear strength and
deformability parameters of the rock mass.
Parameters of Hoek and Brown Failure Criterion were
estimated for each GSI rock class with RocScienceRocLab
software. The following parameters were used for the quartz
diorite for evaluating the mb, s and a parameters.

Unconfined compressive strength (c): 70 MPa

mi:

29

Intact rock modulus of elasticity:

29,750 MPa

Using the RockLab 1.0 the other parameters mb, s and a


were determined for use in the finite element model.
A 2 meter thick zone of disturbed rock mass was wrapped
around the caverns periphery. It is assumed that this zone
would be the result of blasting damage during cavern
excavation. A disturbance factor D is taken as 0.5 and
accordingly the revised Hoek and Brown strength parameters
were evaluated for this zone. Other intact rock properties
were same as given above.
In Situ Stresses
The in-situ stresses impact on the design and stability of the
underground works particularly the powerhouse caverns. No
in-situ stress measurements have yet been made. The
orientation and magnitudes of the virgin stress field at the
proposed powerhouse complex location as well as along the
tunnels have been assessed on the basis of the tectonics in
the area.
The vertical stress is assumed to be equal to the product of

12

the unit weight of the rock mass and the depth below surface
and measured in situ stresses are usually in reasonable
agreement with this assumption (Hoek, 2003). For finite
element analyses, it was assumed that the maximum
horizontal principal stress is equal to the vertical stress.
It is generally believed that the earthquakes have minimal
impact on the underground structures. Therefore the seismic
loading in the present studies have not be taken into account.
Geotechnical Design Aspects of Power Station Complex
Horizontal as well as vertical locations of various powerhouse
complex caverns have been primarily fixed on the functional
requirements including minimization of penstock and draft
tube lengths, and avoiding crossing of major faults.
Geological conditions as revealed through investigations in
the area have been established and also taken into account.
Cavern Excavation Geometry
In view of the low strength of the rock mass, special concerns
are raised regarding excavation profile. Depending on the
existing in situ stresses, it is possible that significant
concentrations of stresses could develop close to the
perimeter of the caverns.
It is recommended to avoid any recesses, niches, or unusual
excavation profiles to accommodate electro-mechanical
equipment and cavern infrastructure (such as intake valve
recesses, stairwells, elevator shafts, etc.). In addition to
improving ease of construction, this will mitigate problems
associated with stress concentrations and the need for
extraordinary support measures. For economy, it is
suggested to leave rock pillars between the draft tubes below
the runners (turbine pits).
Rock Support Requirement
To minimize the yielding of the rocks around the caverns, the
conventional type of support like rock bolts and shotcrete
would be required.
The estimates of support requirements have been based on
investigations results and using numerical analysis of
powerhouse caverns using the finite-element program
PHASE2 (Rocscience, 2000);
Quantitative classification systems were used to examine the

13

range of possible conditions and to provide a basis for


determining the overall behaviour of the rock mass, although
deficiencies can be recognized in such empirical methods.
Rock mass classification methods are useful during the
earlier phases of a design and provide a way of obtaining a
first approximation of the level of support necessary for a
large cavern. They also provide means to compare
quantitatively different cavern layouts or tunnel alignments
when only limited rock mass data were available. They also
supply means for communication and for developing
construction cost parameters, either for comparative
purposes or for preparation of a construction cost budget.
Numerical methods were used to analyze stress distributions
around the excavations.
The results were used to
complement the empirical approaches in assessing support
requirements.
Empirical Selection of Rock Anchor Lengths
USACE and Barton guidelines for the selection of rock
anchor lengths for large caverns were used.
USACE and Barton (1989) relationships compute similar rock
anchor lengths. These show that anchor lengths should be
5.9 m to 6.5 m in the crown of a 26 m wide cavern. Wall
anchors should be 5.5 m to 5.8 m long in 25 m high caverns
and 11 to 12 m long in 60 m high caverns. The bolts or
cables should extend 2 or 3 m beyond the limit of the zone of
overstressed material and may need to be longer than shown
above in overstressed zones.
Experience shows that blast damage may extend 1.5 to 3 m
into the rock adjacent to the roof depending upon how much
care has been taken to control the blasting. Assuming that 3
m of rock have been damaged by either stress induced or
blast induced fracturing; a dead weight of broken rock of up
to 0.9 MPa of exposed surface of the cavern roof has to be
supported. Hoek (2004) notes that where this support is to be
provided by means of rock bolts, a factor of safety of 1.5 to 2
is usually allowed to account for installation problems and to
provide some reserve support capacity.
It should be noted that, in reality, the zone of loosened/blast
damaged rock is not as clear cut as the above criteria
suggest. Nevertheless, rock support dimensioned on this
basis will generally provide sufficient restraint against
loosened blocks and most structural wedges in the crown and

14

walls.
Preliminary Rock Support Design for Powerhouse
Caverns
Preliminary rock support designs for the powerhouse caverns
are based on the following:

Anchor lengths should be equal to or greater than the


empirical values presented in table above. It should
be noted that the presence of crown wedges may
necessitate the used of crown anchors that are longer
than the computed 6.0 m. Additionally all, anchors
should penetrate through stress or blast damaged rock
in the walls and crowns of the caverns. Longer
anchors may be needed locally or in large areas to
properly support sliding or falling structural wedges.

Fully grouted, tensioned rock anchors should be used.


Generally 32 to 40 mm diameter steel bars should be
used in the large caverns. Smaller bars should be
used only in the smaller tunnels, away from the
stressed ground of the powerhouse complex.

A 50 cm layer of fibre or mesh reinforced shotcrete


should be applied to the walls and crown of the
powerhouse caverns. This element of the support
system is essential to ensure the integrity of the rock
mass near the excavation surface and prevent sliding
and fall-out of rock blocks and fragments between the
rock anchors. It is, however, normal practice to neglect
this support when computing overall support pressures
in tall caverns with a relatively flat crown arch because:
o

There is little or no arching effect in the large


radius crown area and none in the flat walls.

Shotcrete installation quality is often very


inconsistent in large caverns and the shotcrete
shell frequently does not meet design
intentions.

The following table presents preliminary rock support


recommendations for the powerhouse complex caverns. As
can be seen in the table, the wall rock anchors for the larger
caverns are longer than the crown anchors. This is
compatible with the PHASE2 finite element analysis results
(discussed in the next section) which show that the zone of
overstressed rock is much thicker in the walls than in the

15

crown.
Recommended Rock Support for the Powerhouse Caverns
Support

40 mm
anchors in
crown

32 mm
anchors in
walls
Reinforced
shotcrete in
crown and
walls

Powerhouse
Cavern

Transformer
Cavern

Surge Chamber
Cavern

6m long

6m long

6m long

@ 1.0 m x 1.0 m
cc spacing

@ 1.0 m x 1.0 m
cc spacing

@ 1.0 m x 1.0
m cc spacing

15 m long

10 m long

15 m long

@ 1.0 m x 1.0 m
cc spacing

@1.0 m x 1.0 m
cc spacing

@ 1.0 m x 1.0
m cc spacing

30 cm

30 cm

30 cm

Numerical Analysis Procedure


The hybrid finite element program, PHASE2 (RocScience
Inc.) was used to perform preliminary analyses of stresses
around a typical section of powerhouse complex for the
GahraitSwirLasht Hydropower Project, which would involve
powerhouse and transformer cavern, and a downstream
collection / surge chamber. This is a finite element program
for calculating stresses and estimating support around
underground excavations. Input values for the physical and
mechanical properties of the rock mass were as presented
earlier.
Several cases were examined, along with construction
staging. Each stage consisted of: excavate, install support,
and equilibrate. The stability analysis was done on the
material to perform isotropic elastic behaviour. The
discontinuities are not considered as the modal deal with the
homogeneous, continuum material.
Numerical Analysis of Power Complex
One of the objectives was to investigate parametrically a
range of in situ stresses that could prevail at the site and
influence excavation stability and support requirements. Only
a brief summary of the results of these analyses will be
discussed in this section.
The basic dimensions of the numerical model, as described
below and is indicated on following figures, considered the

16

following excavations:

Powerhouse cavern
Transformer cavern:
Downstream surge/collection chamber:
Separation (clear distance) between caverns:

50 m high, 24-m span


29 m high, 25 m span
20 m high, 6.5 m span
40 m

The complex is situated in a quartz diorite rock mass of


varying properties. Ubiquitous joints, shear, or faults were
not included in the model during this phase. The cavern
crown is at about 500 m beneath the ground surface.
Material Properties used in Model
The material properties used in this analysis are as listed
earlier in this chapter. Only the Hoek-Brown rock failure
criterion was used in the FEM analysis. Intact rock modulus
value of 29,750 MPa was used in the PHASE2 analysis.
The following in-situ stresses were used for the cavern
analyses.

Vertical stress is the gravitational resulting from the


overlying rock cover.

In plane horizontal stresses (Kh): The base case


results presented herein are based on a k factor of 1.0
times the vertical stress.

Out of plane horizontal stresses (Kh): The out of plane


horizontal stresses were assumed to be equal to the
vertical stress for the base case analyses presented
herein. .

Results of the stress analyses are examined using PHASE2


in terms of major and minor stresses, stress trajectories,
strength factors (ratio of rock strength vs. computed stresses)
and displacement contours.
The conclusions of the base case analyses are as follows:

All three caverns and the pillar area are stable under
the assumed base case loading.

De-stressing takes place in the middle portion of the


cavern sidewalls. This extends to various depths,
depending on the magnitudes and orientations of insitu stresses.

17

Rock mass yielding occurs around the perimeter of the


caverns, within the blast damaged zone. There also
yielding in distressed zones at depths of 4 to 10 m into
the sidewalls of the caverns. Yielding occurs in the
floor and crown of the caverns also. The design rock
anchors penetrate the full depths of all areas showing
rock mass yielding.

The addition of rock support reduces the numbers of


yielded points and also improves the strength factor in
the rock mass adjacent to the caverns.

Maximum displacement for the main cavern is 2.5 cm


at crown considering excavation in different phases
and reach upto 13 cm for side walls. Rock support at
side walls are therefore considered of greater lengths
i.e. full length rock bolts of 10-15m long.

Design of Cut Slopes


Open cut excavated slopes are required for various
components of the Project. The important cut slopes include
those for power intake and outlet portals. Feasibility level
design of the above cut slopes, has been carried out and
presented in the following. Geological and geotechnical data
collected during the feasibility studies as discussed in the
preceding sections has been used for evaluation and
analyses of the required cut slopes. The data included:

Topographic maps

Surface geological maps

Discontinuity data

Drill hole data

Laboratory test results

Rock Cut Slope Analysis Parameters


The parameters used in the analysis and their source are
given in following table; Strength parameters for cut slopes in
rock is estimated using Generalized Hoek Brown parameters
using RocLab and Equivalent Mohr Coulomb Parameters are
derived from Hoek Brown parameters.

18

Recommended Rock Mass Parameters for Intake and Outlet Portals


Rock Type
Hoek-Brown
Classification

Quartz Diorite

Intact uniaxial
strength (MPa)

comp.

70

GSI

45

mi

29

Disturbance factor (D)

0.5

Intact modulus, Ei (MPa)

29,750

mb

2.113

0.0007

0.508

Mohr
Coulomb
Parameters

Cohesion (MPa)

1.986

Rock Mass
Parameters

Tensile strength (MPa)

Hoek- Brown
Criteria

Friction angle, (deg.)

40
0

Uniaxial comp. strength


(MPa)
Global strength (MPa)
Deformation
Em (MPa)

1.686

13.225

modulus,

3,150

Stability Analysis of Cut Slopes at Power Intake Portals


Failures of single berm faces are the most important cause of
instability in large excavations. The usual berm height is 20 m
and berm faces are inclined at 76 degrees.In this case failure
may partly occur through intact rock. For example a failure
surface can run along a deep seated single or composite
discontinuity behind the slope and break through the rock
mass at the toe of the slope. Therefore cohesion of 300 KPa
is also taken into account along with phi equal to 40 degrees
for the rock mass. The power intake cut slope is designed to
be excavated at 0.25H:1V with 5 m wide berm spread at 15
m height.

19

Results of the stability analysis along with the criteria are


summarized in following table;

Summary of Results of Cut Slope Stability Analysis


Case

Strength
Parameters

Factor of Safety (FOS)

(deg)

c
(kPa)

Criteria

Obtained
Normal 1

Criteria

Obtained With
Earthquake 2

Intake
Portal

40

300

1.5

2.46

1.1

2.35

Outlet
Portal

40

300

1.5

2.33

1.1

2.23

1 Reservoir filled to El. 1337 m


2 OBE Condition with 0.18g PGA reduced to 1/3rd as
horizontal component in pseudo-static analysis.
The obtained FOS for normal as well as earthquake condition
are satisfactory for the designed excavation slopes.
D.

Construction Material

Almost all components of the project except main dam are to


be constructed of concrete. The main dam will be an asphaltconcrete face rockfill type of dam. Therefore, construction of
the project requires concrete making materials, and fills
materials for the dam.
Construction material studies have been carried out to
identify and evaluate sources of the various construction
materials for the project works. The studies included
reconnaissance of the potential borrow areas, plan and carry
out field investigations including excavation of test pits,
laboratory testing of material samples and evaluation of the
sources. Details of the study are given in the following.
Concrete Making Materials
About 1.5 million m3 of conventional concrete will be required
for the project works. The estimated quantities of coarse
aggregates and fine aggregates are 1.5 million m3 and 0.70
million m3 respectively. About 0.6 million tones ofcementitious
materials (cement and pozzolanic materials) will also be
required for production of concrete. In addition, 97,000
tonnes of reinforcing steel will also be required for the project.
Sources of Coarse Aggregates
Natural coarse aggregates are not available in sufficient

20

quantities around the proposed dam site. Coarse aggregates


would therefore have to be manufactured for which following
sources have been identified and evaluated for their
suitability in concrete construction:
1. River alluvium (Reservoir area and powerhouse
tailrace area)
2. Material available from required excavations
River Alluvium
Boulders and gravels of hard limestone quartzite, slates,
dolomite, granite, granodiorite form the major part of
sediments of Chitral river and are available in abundance. For
evaluation of the alluvial deposits, test pits were excavated in
the potential borrow areas in the proposed reservoir area and
the tailrace area.
Excavation of test pits has shown that the Chitral river
alluvium is composed of gravels and pebbles with some
boulders and small proportion of sand. The natural gravels
will have to be crushed to produce coarse concrete
aggregate.The gravels are generally hard, sound, durable
and resistant to abrasive forces.
Petrographic Analysis shows thatmaterial from river has
some contents of deleterious material and can be used as
concrete aggregate with some addition of slag.
Material Available from Required Excavations
The major rock formation at the dam site is massive quartz
diorite / granodiorite which are considered to be suitable for
use as concrete aggregate. Excavation for diversion and
power intake and tunnels will produce a large quantity of rock
material. Selected material from the required excavations can
be crushed to produce coarse concrete aggregate.
Petrographic analysis for ASR potential of these rocks has
shown 7% to 25% deleterious material and slag cement will
have to be used.
Sources of Fine Aggregate
The potential sources of fine aggregate (sand) include natural
sand and manufactured sand. Studies conducted in this
regard are described in the following.

21

Natural Sand
Reconnaissance of the project site and the area around has
been carried out to explore suitable sources of fine
aggregates in close vicinity of the project area. It has been
found that sand from Chitral river is being used for
construction of Lowari Tunnel and the borrow area is located
close to the Gahrait-SwirLasht hydropower project site. Sand
from the same area is proposed to be borrowed for the
project. Slag cement will have to be used.
Manufactured Sand
The rocks at the site are moderately strong and generally
suitable for manufacturing of crushed sand. However it will be
difficult to crush the hard rock in locally available crushers
and heavy duty imported crushers would be required.
Cement
The cement factories nearest to the project are located close
to Haripur and around Islamabad and the factories have
sufficient capacity to fulfil the project needs.
Pozzolanic Materials
The origin of the gravel boulder material is sedimentary,
igneous and metamorphic. Petrographic analysis has shown
presence of deleterious material with potential of ASR.
Therefore either replacement of part of the Ordinary Portland
Cement will be done with a pozzolanic material or low alkali
cement will be used.
Water
Water from Chitralriver will be used for the project works,
which is available throughout the year. The water is potable.
However it contains sediments including some collidle
particles.
Steel
Several factories in the country produce reinforcing steel, in
the form of both plain and deformed bars. The nearest
location from where the reinforcing steel bars of desired
specifications and required quantity are available is
Islamabad. Both hot and cold rolled bars reinforcing steel
bars are available at Islamabad.

22

Steel sheets of various thicknesses are produced by the


Steel Mills at Karachi, which can be used to fabricate steel
formwork. These can also be used for fabricating steel liners
and other miscellaneous items. Steel items can also be
imported, most likely from neighbouring countries.
Dam Construction Materials
Asphalt-concrete face rockfill type of dam (AFRD) is
proposed to be constructed at the diversion site of the
project. The fill material requirements for various zones of the
dam are given in the following table.
Fill material requirements for AFRD
Zone
Designatio
n
1A

Material Description

2A

Fine grained cohesionless silt and fine


sand with occasional gravels and cobbles
Random mix of silt, clay, sand, gravel,
cobble
Processed sand and gravel filter

2B

Sand and gravel

3A

Rockfill with maximum size of 400 mm

3B

Rockfill with maximum size of 1000 mm

3C

Rockfill with maximum size of 2000 mm

3D

Rockfill with positive drainage

1B

Materials for zones 1A and 1B will be borrowed from terraces


on bank of Chitralriver in the vicinity of the dam site. Grizzly
operation may be required to meet the requirements of these
materials.
Material for sand and gravel filter (Zone 2A) will be similar to
concrete aggregate and can be produced on the aggregate
processing plant installed for production of concrete
aggregate.
Sand and gravel material (Zone 2B) can be borrowed from
the proposed reservoir area. Grizzly operation will be
required to exclude cobbles and larger material.
Rock fill materials (Zones 3A, 3B, 3C and 3D) will be
obtained from the required excavations. The material will be
used with due regard to the size requirements. Rock material
available from the required excavations will be many times in

23

excess of that required for the dam construction. Therefore,


only selected material comprising hard rock will be placed in
the dam fill.
E.

Hydrology & Sedimentation

The proposed Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydropower Project has its


dam site located on Chitral River about 35 km downstream of
Chitral District Headquarters near Gahrait village. The
powerhouse site is about 8 km downstream of Drosh Town
near Swir-Lasht Village.
Chitral River rises in the far north of Chitral District in
Pakistan. Chitral River, before flowing south into the upper
Kunar Valley in Afghanistan, where it is referred to as the
Kunar River.
The available Hydro-meteorological data such as daily and
rainfall, relative humidity, precipitation, temperatures,
sunshine, discharge and sediment data etc. has been
collected and used for determining power potential, maximum
floods and flow duration curve.
To study the climatology of the proposed Gahrait Swir Lasht
Hydropower Project, analysis have been carried out for
several climatological stations in the Chitral valley. Efforts
have been made to assess the most representative values for
the climatological parameters of the project area.
The drainage area of the dam site on the Chitral River is
approximately 13,419 km2. The mean elevation of the
catchment area is 4,282 m.a.s.l. Most of the watershed
remains covered with snow and glaciers in winter season.
The flow in the river is mainly due to glacier and snow
melting.
The drainage area of Chitral River at Chitral is 11,396 km2.
The maximum mean annual discharge was 367.4 m3/sec in
1973 and the minimum mean annual discharge was 188.4
m3/s in 1964. The river is snow fed and flows steady
throughout the year with some additional rainfall runoff
contribution during monsoon in June through September.
Flow Study for the Dam Site
Flow study has been conducted for the most likely alternative
dam site. The study includes the flow data, approach to
generate flow at the dam site, average daily flows at the dam

24

site, average 10-day; average monthly and annual flows at


the dam site and flow duration curves.
For generation of the flow data, main emphasis has been
placed on the flow data of Chitral gauging station which is
available from 1964 to 2010 (47 years). It has been
considered that this length of the data record can be
confidently applied to any flow analysis based on probabilistic
theories for the dam site.
Chitral stream gauging station is situated about 62 km
upstream of the powerhouse site. The watershed areas of
Chitral stream gauging station and Swir-Lasht Powerhouse
site are 11,396 and 14,331 km2, respectively 25.75 %. The
linear relationships can be used for the extrapolation of the
flow data from Chitral gauging station to the powerhouse site.
The daily flows were transformed from Chitral gauging station
to the powerhouse site by adopting appropriate multiplication
factor as 1.26 (14331/11396).
Flood Studies
For the design of spillway structure and temporary diversion
facilities during construction of Gahrait Swir Lasht
Hydropower Project, estimation of various flood discharges is
required. For this study, the maximum instantaneous peak
discharge data of Chitral stream gauging station was used.
Using GTZ Regional Analysis Approach, regional flood
equations were used to estimate the flood magnitudes
corresponding to 5, 10, 100, 1000 and 10000 return periods
as a function of their respective watershed areas.
Flood Frequency Analysis by Statistical Approach was
carried out using the instantaneous flood peak data of Chitral
gauging station, which was available for 47 years (19642010) except 1968 where peak discharge value was not
available due to breakage of suspension bridge.
Floods corresponding to 2, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000 and
10,000 years return period were computed using six flood
frequency distribution functions, i.e. Normal, 2 Parameter Log
Normal, 3 Parameter Log Normal, Gamma, Pearson Type-III,
and Gumbel. Mean Relative Deviations (MRD) were also
computed for each distribution function results. Considering
the results of the MRD, it is revealed that 3-Parameter
Lognormal distribution function with Method of Moments best
fits the flood data of Chitral.

25

The estimated floods were also compared with the floods


computed by GTZ regional approach at the proposed dam
and powerhouse sites. Log Pearson Type-III distribution has
been selected for calculating flood discharges at the dam and
powerhouse sites.

F. Sediment Studies
Sediment discharge data of seven sediment gauging stations
were collected from the SWHP, WAPDA and Pakhtunkhwa
Energy Development Organization (PEDO) which was used
for the estimation of sediment yield for the watershed using
regional analysis approach.
To carryout detailed sediment analysis of the watershed area,
data of Chitral sediment gauging stations was collected and
used. Sediment loads for the dam site are calculated by
transforming the data from Chitral gauging station to the dam
site and are verified with the observed sediment data for the
dam site at Khairabad Bridge by the present Consultants.
The Gahrait Swir Lasht reservoir area was modeled using
geometric and sediment data. SHARC model was developed
for one year to determine the data deposites in the reservoir.
G.
Seismic Hazard
Gahrait Swir Lasht hydropower project site is located south of
Chitral city, in Chitral district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province
of Pakistan. It is located close to the collisional zone between
the Indian and the Eurasian tectonic plates. The region in
which the project is located has been subjected to
earthquakes in the past, therefore, a study of tectonic and
earthquake history of the region has been conducted to
assess the seismic hazard to which the proposed project may
be exposed. Realistic seismic design parameters for safe
design of the project components have also been evalualted.
The seismic hazard evaluation for the project has been
conducted through a study of regional geological and tectonic
information collected from the available literature and maps
and collection of historical and instrumental earthquake
records. On the basis of this data, the critical tectonic
features affecting the project area were identified and seismic
hazard evaluation then conducted in accordance with the

26

ICOLD guidelines (1989, Revised 2010) for selecting the


seismic design parameters.
The project site is located close to the contact between
Kohistan island arc and the Eurasian mass represented by
Shyok suture zone (MKT). The major faults of the Chitral area
include, from south to north, the Shishi Fault, Main
Karakoram Thrust, Reshun Fault and Tirich Mir Fault.
The available seismicity record for the region in which the
project is located can be classified into the following two
types:

Historical Seismicity

Instrumental Seismicity

For seismic hazard evaluation the guidelines provided by


International Commission on Large Dam (ICOLD) for
selecting seismic parameters for large dams (1989) have
been followed. A brief description of the methodology of the
approaches to be used for the seismic hazard analysis in
accordance with ICOLD guidelines.
Empirical correlations have been developed between
maximum potential of a fault and key fault parameters like
rupture length, fault area, fault displacement and slip rate.
Out of these fault parameters, only fault lengths are known
with sufficient accuracy. For the faults near the site, the full
length rupture of the nearest segment of the fault have been
taken and for others half rupture length have been taken and
the maximum earthquake magnitudes (in moment magnitude
MW scale) of these segments were calculated using Wells &
Coppersmith (1994), Nowroozi (1987) and Slemmons et al.
(1982) relationships between fault rupture length and
magnitude potential which are given in Table 5.1 below. For
the deep Hindukush Seismic Zone, the maximum magnitude
was selected by adding 0.5 in the maximum recorded
earthquake magnitude.
As failure of dam of the Gahrait-Swir Lasht Hydropower
project would not present a great social hazard, SEE may be
taken lower than the MCE. For this project, the most critical
tectonic feature controlling the MCE is the Reshun Fault
which may cause maximum acceleration at the project site.
Based on results of the deterministic analysis given in Table
5.2, the average value of peak horizontal ground acceleration

27

(PGA) obtained at site associated with Maximum Credible


Earthquake (MCE) along Reshun Fault at the closest
distance from site is about 0.69g (which is equivalent to more
than 10,000 year return period ground motion in Probabilistic
Analysis). However designer can chose a lower Safety
Evaluation Earthquake (SEE) acceleration considering the
economical hazard involved as per ICOLD Guidelines
(Revised 2010) which recommends to adopt 3,000 year
return period ground motion for Moderate Risk Dam and
1,000 year return period ground motion for Low Risk Dam. As
the dam may be categorized as Moderate Risk Dam as per
risk class of the dam given in ICOLD Guidelines (1989),
therefore the recommended ground motion for SEE is 0.42g
(corresponding to a return period of 3,000 year).
As per ICOLD guidelines, the ground motion for the OBE for
the dam will usually have a return period of 145 year. The
recommended PGA for OBE is therefore 0.18g which has a
return period of 145 year. The purpose of the OBE design is
to protect against economic losses from damage or loss of
service for all project structures. The performance
requirement is that the project functions with little or no
damage or interruption under OBE conditions.
For the design of all other appurtenant structures of the
project including tunnel and power house structure, ICOLD
recommends to use ground motion having 475 year return
period which is termed DBE accelerations (Weiland, 2011).
The recommended ground motion for DBE is therefore 0.26g.
H.

Project Layout

GTZ (2001) Previous layout & Design Studies


Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydro Power Project was first identified
and conceptually designed by GTZ (2001) as a run-of-river
scheme. It was proposed that a small live storage in the
reservoir upstream of the dam can be used for daily peaking.
The gross head available from the intake to the powerhouse
site was estimated as 125 m. It was also estimated that with
this head and selected layout, design capacity of the
powerhouse would be 340 MW.

28

Selected Project Layout Studies


This Section identifies the most promising layout among
various alternatives for Gahrait-Swir Lasht Hydropower
Project. It contains review of previous studies, dam site
alternatives and preliminary design for comparing various
economic indicators of the alternatives. Five alternatives were
proposed for the layout studies.Three alternatives were
screened out based on initial assessment and two were
carried forward for detailed evaluation of economic,
environmental and construction aspects and most suitable
alternative for the project was selected. The selected layout
was then studies for the optimization.
Scope of the Project Layout Studies
The scope of the project layout studies is summarised as
follows:

Review of previous layout alternative studies.

Evaluation of the alternatives proposed in the Inception


Report. Comparison of power potential for different
layouts, geological and socio-environmental conditions
and selection of promising alternatives for detailed
analysis and optimization.

Preliminary design of different components.

Preparation of cost estimates.

Selection of most promising site for dam, powerhouse and


their appurtenant structures based on environmental and
technical merit and economic indicators. Salient features/
project data of project layaout are enclosed.
I.

Dam Design

The type of dam on any site is largely influenced by the


foundation conditions in the river valley. At the Gahrait site,
bed rock in the Chitral river valley is overlain by alluvium. The
depth of bedrock was not known from the site identification
studies of the project. From the drilling and seismic survey
carried out during the feasibility study, it is assessed that
bedrock is about 40 m deep in the center of the river valley.
The subsurface investigations carried out through drilling

29

have further revealed existence of a sand layer at 6.0 to 12.5


m depth in the center of the river valley.
This geologic information along with availability of
construction materials, time of construction, cost etc have
been given due consideration in selection of type of dam on
Chitral river at Gahrait and the following dam types have
been considered.

Concrete Gravity Dam

Hardfill Dam

Earth Core Rockfill Dam (ECRD)

Asphalt-Concrete Core Rockfill Dam (ACRD)

Concrete Face Rockfill Dam (CFRD)

Asphalt-Concrete Face Rockfill Dam (AFRD)

Feasibility level design of the Asphalt Concrete Faced Rockfill


Dam (AFRD) has been carried out. Most design details are
developed based on precedent and on an understanding of
the foundation conditions and the construction materials to be
used in the dam.
The dam has been proposed with both upstream and
downstream slopes of 1.8H:1V, which can be optimized at
the detailed design stage. The rockfill materials will be
obtained mostly from excavations in rock for the power and
diversion intakes and tunnels. A plastic concrete partial cutoff
has been proposed to control seepage through alluvial
foundations.
J.

Hydraulic Design Studies

Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydropower project is a run-of-river


peaking scheme on Chitral River in Chitral Region. The
project is planned to utilize the reach of Chitral River between
village Kesu and Swir Lasht to generate 377 MW power by
constructing the following Civil Engineering Structures:
Main dam, which is Asphalt-Concrete Face Rockfill Dam
(AFRD) of 34 m height.
Four tunnel spillway comprising four tunnels, with intake 185

30

m upstream of the dam axis on right bank of Chitral river that


can pass design flood of 3538 m3/s at maximum flood level of
1341.00 m asl.These tunnels will also serve three additional
purposes: as River Diversion tunnels (to pass flows through it
during the construction of main dam), as flushing tunnels (for
flushing of reservoir near the dam area) and for release of
environmental flows (15 m3/s) downstream of the dam..
Fish pass which consists of a channel leading from the
headwater to the tailwater by installing cross-walls to form a
succession of stepped pools.
Lateral power Intake structure on right bank of Chitral River
that comprises four intake structures to draw the design and
flushing discharge of 516 m3/s to desanders.
Two rectangular connecting tunnels of 7.00 m x 3.00 m size
to convey discharge from each intake to desanders.
Transitions of 20 m length, starting from the end of
connecting tunnels and ending at the start of desander
chamber.
Four underground desanders comprising pressurized
chambers starting from the end of each transition. Each
pressurized Sand trap Chamber is 525 m in length, 20.30 m
high, arched shaped and concrete lined.
Eight flushing connecting tunnels (two for each desander)
starting from the end of desander chamber to main flushing
tunnel. The length of flushing connecting tunnel varies from
124 m to 183 m, invert level at upstream is 1308.90 m
asl.These tunnels are steel lined for erosion resistance.
Two main flushing tunnels starting from the end of connecting
tunnels to the outfall Structure. Each main flushing tunnel is
D-shaped (8.20 m x 6.15 m) with invert El.1308.90 m asl at
upstream.
Flushing system outfall structure (920 m d/s of dam axis),
with upstream invert El.1308.49 m asl and downstream invert
El.1296.26 m asl, with chute blocks and sloping concrete
floor slab.Both the structures are provided with steel lining to
withstand erosion due to flushing material.
Adits and lift wells upstream of Headrace tunnel.
Main headrace (Power) tunnels (Circular shaped, with
reinforced concrete lining), diameter 9.5 m, two numbers,

31

length 10.308 km and 10.285 km (average.10,214 km),


upstream Invert level 1317.10 m asl, terminating at the Surge
Shaft at the downstream end before the powerhouse and
pressure shaft.
Surge shaft, two numbers, one for each headrace tunnel,
height 79 m and diameter 10 m.
Two concrete lined pressure shafts of 6.50 m diameter
having average length of 92.20 m
Two steel lined penstocks with 6.50 m diameter and average
length of 78.00 m.
Underground power house with four Francis turbines.
Four D-shaped 9.00 m x 7.80 m (W x H) tailrace tunnels
having average length of 4,130 m carrying discharge from the
draft tubes to tailrace tunnels.
The main dam on Chitral River is an Asphalt-Concrete Face
Rockfill Dam (AFRD) with its crest level at elevation 1343.00
m asl i.e. 34 m above the riverbed level. The dam is founded
on river alluvium comprising gravels, cobbles with some
boulders and a sand layer. Due to the reason that spillway
cannot be accommodated on the rockfill dam and appropriate
space for spillway was not available on either abutment,
tunnel spillway comprising four tunnels has been provided at
the right bank of Chitral River. Construction sequence is
planned in a way that dam construction will be started after
construction of the spillway tunnels. These tunnels will also
be utilized to pass the diversion flood and the environmental
flows. The spillway tunnels have been designed to safely
pass 1000-year return period flood. In order to maintain and
keep power intake free of sediment build up, the spillway
tunnels are located on lower level close to the main dam and
immediately downstream of power intakes and these will be
used periodically to flush sediments from the reservoir.
Due to the steep river bed gradient, it is expected that large
size boulders will be carried along the river bed towards the
dam with the possibility of blocking the flushing tunnels. To
prevent this from occurring, provision has been made to clear
the reservoir bed area of all movable boulders at construction
stage and dispose them off to waste or make other uses
before impoundment of the reservoir. In addition, before

32

operation of the project, construction of a boulder trap at the


upstream end of the reservoir has been proposed. The
boulder trap will prevent enrtry of moving boulders and
coarse bed material in the reservior. Another bouder trap
each has also been proposed on Kesu Gol above normal
operating reservoir level (1337m asl) for the same purpose
and Gahrait Gol.
Diversion of Chitral River during construction of the dam will
be accomplished by construction of upstream and
downstream coffer dams. Construction of the diversion/
spillway tunnels and their intakes and also the power intakes
will be carried out using conventional ring type coffer dams
constructed to isolate the works from the river and also to
provide sufficient working space including access.
The headrace commences at the power intakes on the right
bank with four short connecting tunnels connecting the
intakes to four desander chambers and thereafter to two low
pressure headrace tunnels. The desander chambers are
provided with flushing tunnels and gates for evacuation of
sediment. Gates have also been provided at the downstream
end for closing each chamber as required for maintenance
while allowing rest of the chambers to operate and enable
continuous reduced power generation.
At the downstream end of each headrace tunnel, a surge
shaft is provided to limit pressure rise in the waterway system
and to allow flexibility and safety against sudden shutdown of
turbines. A vertical pressure shaft, a horizontal pressure
tunnel and short penstocks lead to four vertical shaft francis
turbines through four manifolds arranged for underground
powerhouse. Transformers are arranged in an underground
cavern separated from the powerhouse. The switchyard is
located on the ground at some distance. Four 4,130 m long
tailrace tunnels release the generation outflows in an open
channel and further to the Chitral River.
K.

Structural Design Studies

Design Approach:
Conventional design approach and simpler structures
configuration and/or construction procedure is adopted in the
design process due to the remote location of the project. For

33

better explanation of the structural design approach, the


design requirements, which include design considerations,
functional requirements and sizing of the structural
components; is discussed generally separately for each
component, under separate subheading?
Use of Concrete Classes AA to E having 35 Mpa to 10 Mpa
Strength has been proposed.
Except the limited superstructure portion of the powerhouse
housed in a cavern (not requiring conventional roofing
system), Control Room at the Power Intake, other small gate
control / operation and/or security related structures, and
residential or office buildings, the project structures falls in the
category of hydraulic structures. General design, criteria
requirements and method of design, of hydraulic structures is
detailed below. Provided discussion is limited to the design
requirements and considerations of general applicability for
hydraulic structures, and particular requirement or
considerations for any specific structure is generally not
discussed in the structures design criteria.
Minimum concrete strength and / or cement content and
hydraulic factor (BM = 1.30, direct tension = 1.65 and shear
1.30) have been adopted as specified in ACI 350R-01.
Loads considered in the design include dead loads and
permanent fixtures, imposed (live) loads, operation impact,
earth pressure, hydrostatic pressure, water hammer, uplift
(over entire base area), buoyancy (corresponding to loss of
weight of submerged portion of the structure), gust (in
accordance with ANSI Code), seismic inertial force applied at
CG and hydrodynamic forces (based on Westergaard
equation). Structure proportions are generally governed by
hydraulics, structural stability (in OBE, MCE, High Flood
conditions); and functional requirements (access, freeboard,
water-tightness etc). Design loads and loading conditions are
categorized as normal, exceptional and extreme. PMF or
maximum gust loads are not combined with seismic forces.
Seismic Factors
The seismic hazard evaluation for Gahrait-Swir Lasht
Hydropower project was carried out through a study of all
available geological, tectonic and seismicity data of the
region in which the project is located and in accordance with

34

the ICOLD guidelines for selecting seismic parameters for


large dams (1989, Revised 2010).
The PGA of 0.18g having a return period of 145 year is
recommended for dam for ground shaking associated with
Operating Basis Earthquake (OBE). All the water retaining
components of the project should remain fully functional
under the OBE associated ground motions.
All the appurtenant structures of the dam, tunnel and power
house are recommended to be designed for PGA of 0.26g
which is associated with ground motion of Design Basis
Earthquake (DBE).
Reinforcement Design
Reinforcement design shall be based on grade 425 (grade
60) deformed reinforcement bars conforming to ASTM A 615
or an equivalent standard (BS 4446), with yield strength =
425MPa, for use as main or distribution reinforcement in
general structures, except Y10 (#3), and Y12 (#4) bars used
as column ties, beam stirrups, or dowels (between the First
Stage and Second stage Concrete), which may be deformed
or plain round grade 250 (mild steel) bars, with fy = 250MPa
(36ksi). Use of Deformed Cold Worked Bars conforming to
BS 4449 or an equivalent Austrian (Originator Country)
Standard shall not be allowed.
Shrinkage & Temperature Steel
Structure
Condition
Reinforcement
Percentage

Structures
In Dry

Hydraulic
Structures

0.0020

0.0028

FOS against Sliding


In the pseudo-static stability analyses of Structures FOS
against sliding has been taken as 1.25 and 1.50 in normal
and exceptional loading conditions.
L.

Mechanical Equipment Studies

Mechanical equipment and systems will include turbines,


governors, inlet valves, gates, stoplogs, trashracks, cranes
and hoists etc.

35

As stated above, the net head at rated discharge of


430m3/sec is 95.89m. Four (04) Francis turbines have been
selected, each with a rated flow of 107.5m3/s. This selection
ensures that at least one (01) unit will keep running at 50%
flow without cavitation all time of the year as recommended
by international best practices.
For determining appropriate unit capacity, both technical and
economic aspects have been investigated. The factors which
have been considered in the comparison comprise equipment
dimensions, transport limitations, power and energy benefits,
manufacturing experience, power system regulation, and cost
estimates.

The rated power output of the four turbines is 377.280 MW at


a rated net head of 95.89 m and rated discharge of 107.5
m3/s, with turbine efficiency of 93.3%. The rated capacity
corresponds to turbines outputs of 94.319 MW from each
turbine.
The following design parameters have been selected for
turbine:
Main Hydraulic Data of Turbine Layout
Characteristics

Unit

Data

FSL (Full Supply Level)

masl

1337.00

TWLmax (Tailwater Level Maximum)- 4 units


operating

masl

1228.28

TWLmin (Tailwater Level Minimum)

masl

1226.11

Hgross

110.89

Head Loss (One unit operating)

15.00

Hnetat rated discharge

95.89

Qturb (rated design discharge) One unit

m /s

107.50

Qturb (rated design discharge) Four units

m /s

430.00

36

Main Parameters of Turbine


Characteristics

Unit

Data

--

Vertical Shaft
Francis

Number of Units

No.

Four

P at maximum design Q (each unit)

KW

94,319

95.89

Type

H rated
Q maximum design/rated discharge
(4 units)

m /s

430

Runner Diameter

mm

3660

-2.00

Rated speed

rpm

176.5

Runaway Speed at rated head (Nr)

rpm

328

48.68

Turbine setting with reference to


minimum tail water level

Plant Factor

M.

Electrical Equipment Studies

The most important components of the electrical equipment


are the 11 kV synchronous generators each of capacity
matching with the proposed turbines output, three single
phase step-up transformers with 220 kV secondary voltages
and an outdoor 220/500 kV switchyard for connection to
incoming 220 kV transmission line from Tarkam Godubar,a
500 kV T/L from upstream projects comulated at Judi Lasht &
a 500 kV double circuit, Quard Bundle (ACSR-Drake) direct
to down stream 220/500 kV proposed Grid station at
Temergrah.
For changing the generated voltage to transmission voltage,
11/220/ 3 kV step-up power transformers of suitable capacity
will be used. For the feasibility design level, four Nos. of 3phase step up power transformers of capacity 100 MVA
each, matching with the generators output, are proposed.
The transformer voltage ratio has been chosen to match the
generator voltage finally adopted as 11kV. The generator
side of the transformers will be connected in delta formation
and HV side in star formation. The proposed transformer will
have an on-load manual tap changing capability of + 5% to 7.5% in 2.5% steps.The proposed generators are vertical-

37

shaft, hydraulic driven, alternating current, synchronous type,


and will conform to the applicable standards regarding rating,
characteristic, tests, etc. The selection of generators is in
accordance with the turbines. The rating of all four generators
is as follows:
The rating of all four generators is as follows:

Operating duty

Continuous

Rated Capacity

110.96 MVA

Efficiency

98 %

Power factor

0.85

Frequency

50 Hz

Number of Phases

Rated voltage

11 kV

Rated Current

5830 Amp

Rated Speed

328 rpm

Number of Poles

18

Armature Winding

Star-Connected

IEC Insulation

F - Class

Main Data for Transformers


Four no. of three-phase, step up transformers and four no. of
auxiliary transformers of the following ratings are proposed:

Transformer Data
Item

Unit

Main

Auxiliary

Excitation

Powerhouse

Powerhouse

MVA

Stepup
100

0.350

1.2

No

1. Primary

kV

11

11

11

2. Secondary

kV

220

0.4
0.220

0.4
0.220

Frequency

Hz

50

50

50

55
Onload
YN
d11
8.0

55

55

Off-load

Off-load

Dyn 11

Dyn 11

4.0

4.0

ONAN

AN

Function
Rated output
Quantity
Rated voltage

Temperature
rise
Tap changer

Vector group
Impedance
Cooling

ONAN

38

Major Electrical equipment such as transformers, switchgear


assemblies, switchboards, and motor control center are
proposed to be installed in dedicated seprate rooms,
buildings or other areas. Smaller equipment such as
individual motor starters and panel boards will be installed in
the spaces that are properly ventilated and are dry. All
equipment rated above 600 volts, will be located in dedicated
spaces that are only accessible to qualified persons. Rooms
containing motor control centers are kept ventilated, not airconditioned.

7.
7.1

CAPITAL COST OF
PROJECT
Approaches and
Methodology Update
of Project Costs

This section describes the assumptions and results relating to


the construction cost estimate of the Gahrait Swir Lasht
Hydropower project. The total project construction cost of civil
works has been estimated on the basis of rates of various
items of work as provided on the web site of Government of
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa for 2nd quarter of year 2012 for District
Chitral. Difficulty factor has also been included therein. In
case of cost of E&M equipment due consideration has been
given to recession in the market and low prices being quoted
by Chinese manufacturers. Equipment which can be
manufactured in Pakistan has also been taken into
consideration.
Accordingly, the cost estimates have been made at April
2014 level. Table 7.2 to 7.18 gives detail of project cost in to
local and foreign cost components.

7.2

7.2

Provision for Spare


Parts

The provision for spare parts of Electromechanical


equipments has been worked out, which comes to
Rs.1,725.00 million. This cost of spare parts is in addition to
the routine O&M cost.

Total Costs
To arrive at estimated total project cost three items; custom
duly, price escalation & interest during construction have
been worked out and included in the estimated project base
cost of Rs. 110,737.02 million. Thus, the total project cost

39

becomes Pak Rs. 181,115.83 million.


Foreign component of the cost has been converted to local
currency using exchange rate as one US$ equivalent to Rs
98.56/- as on (30th April 2014 level)
Table 7.1 gives break up of project cost in to local and foreign
cost components.
8.

9.

ANNUAL OPERATING
AND MAINTENANCE
COST AFTER
COMPLETION OF THE
PROJECT

The annual operation and maintenance cost has been


estimated keeping in view the recent years expenditures and
salaries of the staff. The O&M cost @1.00% of the total cost

DEMAND AND SUPPLY

9.1

has been taken which comes to Rs 1,054.79 million which will


be met through selling of energy of power plant.
Annual Consumption

Table 9.1 gives the profile of sales, generation, peak demand


and annual load factor during the last thirteen years from
fiscal years 1999-2000 to 2011-12. Over that period, energy
sales increased by nearly 74.45%, energy generated (sentout energy) increased by 60.58% and peak demand
increased by approximately 56.74%. Due to the faster growth
of energy demand compared to peak power, the systems
load factor grew from 65.8% to 68.0%.
The difference between energy sales, (i.e. end user
consumption) and energy generation represents losses.
These losses comprise power station consumption, line
losses and theft.
The peak load in WAPDAs service area was recorded at
more than 15,000 MW in 2012. At present, nearly half of the
peak power is demanded by domestic customers, about one
quarter by industrial customers and the rest mainly by the
commercial and agriculture sector.
9.2
Future Electricity Consumption
In February 2011, WAPDA prepared its latest official
Electricity and Peak Demand forecast. The projection period
spans 25 years, beginning in 2011 and ending in 2035 (fiscal
years). This forecast takes into account the countrys latest
(mainly macro-economic) developments and is based on topdown analysis. The top-down approach assesses the future

40

demands of major customer sectors (including


the
residential, commercial and industrial sectors) to arrive at a
nation-wide forecast. The approach relies on projections of
future development of the national economy (GDP), changes
in demography (population structure) and political
preferences and objectives (e.g. electrification programs,
demand side management measures).

10.

FINANCIAL PLAN AND


MODE OF FINANCING

Table 9.2 presents the latest forecast in tabular form. The


tabular compilation includes both, peak power and annual
energy demand (at sent-out level). Electricity demand is
expected to grow by some 7.80% annually over the years
from 2011 until 2015. Beyond 2015, annual growth forecast
for next five years is increased to 8.9%, by the period
between 2020 and 2025 it will be 8.5%, between 2025 and
2030 it will be 7.10% and for next 5 years it is expected to be
6.5% . The load factor is foreseen to change only very slightly
from some 0.69 at present to 0.67 in 2035.
The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa will finance the
project with following financing parameters;

11.
i)

PROJECT BENEFITS
AND ANALYSIS
Financial/Economic &
Social Benefits with
Indicators

10% through provincial ADP


90%
through
Hydel
ForeignInvestment.

Development

Fund/

Financial Benefits:
i)

The hydropower project is highly beneficial due to less


unit cost and will help in saving foreign exchange on
import of thermal fuels.

ii)

The financial benefits of the project life, over 50 years


calculated on certain assumptions depict Financial
Internal Rate of Return (FIRR) as 13.58% (on PESCO
Tariff) which make the project financially viable in all the
cases.

iii)

The generation cost worked out to be Rs. 6.32/KWh (6.41


US cents) over the useful life of the project and

iv)

Cost per MW of installed capacity being Rs. 480.41


million (4.87 million US$ without Transmission line) are
also very attractive to reflect the financial benefits of the

41

project.
v)

The revenue of Government would increase due to direct


and indirect taxation, duties, and levies on the production
of goods and services that will arise from the power
generation within the project area as well as from the
electricity duty collected by the Government of Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa or any other Govt. Agency i.e. PESCO.

Economic Benefits
The economic analysis of the project has been carried out
with/ without CDM benefits to the overall economy as a
consequence of least cost optimal development of the
hydropower potential in the country. For this purpose the
benefits from the proposed thermal plants have been
evaluated in term of costs foregone for providing an
equivalent thermal generation.
The results of the analysis show that the project is technically
sound and economically viable. The EIRR calculated ranges
from 14% to 24%.
Social Benefits
The project will supply 377 MW of power and generate
1,579GWh of energy annually which will assist in meeting
power demand of the country. The project has long service
life as there is no reservoir sedimentation problem. The
project will implement several programs that are designed to
improve living standard of the area. These programs will
provide improved health, education and infrastructure
facilities while other programs will provide alternative source
of income and create employment opportunity.
The project will avoid annual gas releases of about 663,180
tones of CO2 from an equivalent combined cycle thermal plant
using gas and 757,920 CO2 from combined cycle thermal
plant using furnace oil which have a corresponding reduction
in atmospheric pollution.
The hydel project play an important role in the countrys
economy due to utilization of indigenous energy resource, in
reducing load shedding and saving of foreign exchange

42

required to import thermal fuel.


ii)

iii)

Employment
Generation (Direct &
Indirect)

The existing conditions in the project area regarding


employment are very low. Almost more than 90% population
is engaged in different economical sectors like agricultural,
fruit and vegetables production etc. Current estimates for the
number of personnel to be employed during the construction
period are about 1500persons at peak times. The majority of
employees will be in the unskilled and semi-skilled sectors
and the need for imported expatriate management staff is
relatively low. A large proportion of the workforce will be
drawn from the immediate local area, with preference given
to displaced landholders and laborers from affected
communities. Training of staff during construction will
substantially increase the expertise of the labor force within
the area.
Main
Environmental The area to be inundated by reservoir is given in the following
table, which shows that 3,098 kanal of land will be
Impacts
permanently submerged at full reservoir level (FRL) which is
1337 masl. While the land acquisition for reservoir area will be
limit to 1342 masl, which is High Flood Level (HFL) computed
on 1,000 years return period.
Construction of Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydro Power Project will
bring following impacts in the area;
Adverse Impacts:

It is estimated that the project will involve acquisition of


about 488 kanal of land which includes, 371 kanal of
cultivated land, 13 kanal of residential, 17 kanal of cultivable
waste land and 87 kanal of waste land. State land is 7,781
kanal including 801 kanal of river bed.Breakdown of land
required for the project is given in Table 11.1.

Due to impoundment of reservoir, 12 residential units will be


relocated to higher elevation.Detail about these structures is
depicted in Table 11.2.

Two community infrastructures (mosques) will be


inundated in the proposed reservoir area at HFL. Total
area is 2.25 kanal and covered area of the mosques is
2,500 ft2.

It is estimated that about 80 kanals of waste land is required


to establish borrow areas, spoil tip areas, contractors camp

43

and other facilities.

The impact on vegetation is not high. About 370 trees


(about 155 shade & 215 fruit trees) will have to be cut.
Table 11.3: describes percentage of affected trees in the
project area.

A watercourse locating in the proposed reservoir area will be


affected. Peoples from settlements of Gahrait Usst and
Gahrait Gang Qila use this watercourse for domestic as well
as irrigation purposes. Moreover that watercourse will be
tapped to meet colony and campsite (construction
requirements), thereby competing with use of water by the
local communities.

The construction activities will affect air quality and cause


noise-related hazards, which will be of concern, especially
at the powerhouse where some settlements are close by
the project area.

When the water is diverted through power tunnel,


depletion of river flows will affect population of the villages
falling in the river stretch between the dam and the
powerhouse.

Soil erosion may occur due to back water effect of reservoir


water. This will impact the agricultural terraces of local
community.

The possible contamination of soil by oils and chemicals at


campsites, workshop areas, and equipment washing-yards
may limit the future use of land.

Construction of the project may affect the groundwater


regime thus may change spring water pattern of the area.
Thus local water supplies through the springs may be
affected both in quantity and quality.

Uncontrolled blasting may harm the existing wildlife of the


project area. Food and refuse at the Contractors camps
may attract wildlife that might in turn be hunted by the
workers.

The night illumination must be directed downward to


protect the migratory birds from deception that can lose
their flight path if lights are left open to sky.

The rural women actively participate in outdoor socioeconomic activities such as livestock rearing, fetching of

44

drinking water, etc. Their privacy may suffer due to the


project activities. Moreover, it will cause hindrance to the
mobility of local women for working in the field, herding
livestock, bringing drinking water from springs, picking fuel
wood, etc.

iv)

Environmental
Mitigation

During field surveys of the project, no indigenous or


vulnerable householdgroup of people was identified. So no
impact on these people is envisaged due to
theimplementation of the project.

Contractors staff while working at steep hilly slopes may


slip and get injuries. Accidents are also expected during
tunnelling activities.

No historical or archeological site has been observed or


reported along the Project area. Anyhow, About 125
graves will be disrupted due to construction of Dam axis.

Mitigations:
For Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydro Power Project, during
stakeholder meeting with land revenue department, land
rates were discussed. Land rates as per office of the
District Officer Revenue & Estate Collector, Drosh for year
2012 13 and projected to 2013 14 with 25% annual
increment.
Value of affected shade tree in the project area is
determined after consultation with the forest representative
as Rs.1,000 and for fruit tree as Rs.1,500.
It is estimated that against cutting of about 370 trees PEDO
will make a provision of compensatory plantation at the
ratio of 1:5. As such, the total compensatory plantation
comes to about 1,850 trees or more to minimize the
impacts on flora. The planted trees will be looked after for
two years and protected from munching by goats.
The built-up property will be compensated on replacement
cost basis in consideration of the current construction cost
of the facilities, if not better, at least of level similar to the
one disrupted.
Gahrait Usst watercourse exists
while High Flood Level (HFL)
course will have to be relocated
cumec discharge with perennial

at elevation of 1340 masl


is 1342 m.asl, so water
at 1350 m.asl. It has 0.07
nature. Most of the water

45

overspills which indicates that it has enough water for the


community requirements. Moreover a collection tank and
washing points plus allied structures will be constructed for
proper water management. A small filtration plant will also
be proposed for the drinking water requirements of the
nearby communities.
According to Himachal Pradesh State Environment
Protection and Pollution Control Board (HPSEP&PCB)
guidelines environmental flow for Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydro
Power Project is 12.1m3/sec. The designers have reported
that 15 m3/s flows will result in 1m depth of flow
downstream of the dam with width of 15 Km (between Dam
to Powerhouse site). Therefore, 15m3/sec is recommended
environmental flow. Numerous natural springs and nullahas
(Gols) along the 15 km length will enhance this flow. Flow
data of springs is not available.
In the light of discussion and data given by fisheries
department, fish ladder being proposed for the conservation
of aquatic fauna. Fish ladder layout has been proposed
through the left bank. Inlets at inverts varying from El. 1331
to 1337 have been provided to make fish ladder functional
during variation of reservoir levels.
Air quality should be monitored on regular basis near the
plant by the contractor. The plant should be located at least
500m away from any living area. Regular spraying of water
should be undertaken to minimize dust pollution. All
vehicles, machinery, equipment and generators used
during construction activities will be kept in good working
condition to minimize exhaust emissions.
For higher slopes, protection against erosion and landslides
will be carried out by providing benches and, if needed,
furnishing with protective measures depending upon the
nature of the constituent material of the hills.
Soil contamination by asphalt and other obnoxious material
will be minimized by placing all containers in caissons or
dumped into pits lined with impervious liners to avoid
contamination of soils/groundwater from leachate.
The contractor will explore the alternative water resource so
that the existing community water resources are not
impacted. No existing spring water under the use of
community will be exploited by the Contractor for campsite

46

as well as construction purposes.


Camps will be located at least 500 m away from the nearest
local settlement to prevent the contamination of communityowned water resources like springs, hill torrents, etc.
Blasting and other noise generating activities will not be
carried out during the night.
Special measures will be adopted to minimize impacts on
the wild birds, such as avoiding noise generating activities
during the critical periods of breeding and migration.
The Contractor will have to select the specific timings for
the construction activities particularly near the settlements,
so as to cause least disturbance to the local population
particularly women considering their peak movement hours.
Contractor will warn the staff strictly not to involve in any
un-ethical activities and to obey the local norms and cultural
restrictions particularly with reference to women.
As referred earlier, no indigenous or vulnerable household
group of people was identified in or along the project area,
so the WB/ADB Policy will not be triggered.
Complying with the safety precautions for construction
workers as per International Labour Organization (ILO)
Convention No. 62, as far as applicable to the project
contract.
Graves affected by the project will have to be shifted. The
proponent will obtain Fatwa from local Mufti before shifting
the graves. During such operation the proponent will inform
local administration and seek their assistance for security.
The request will also be extended to Health Department for
deputation of medical and paramedical staff during the
operation. As referred earlier, no relocation of historical or
archeological site is involved, so no mitigation is required.
NOTE: Detailed Environmental Impact and their mitigations
along with responsible authorities are describes in Table 11.4.
v)

Comparing Alternative
Power Sources

Alternative
In this context, the following options have been considered.

No Action

Alternative

Resources

of

Power

Generation,

47

their

exploitation status in the country


Hydropower Generation Resources

vi)

Mitigation Cost

and

Alternative

Project Design Alternative.

Environmental Related Cost


Table 11.5 provides an estimate of environmental cost of the
Project.
The total environmental and resettlement cost comes to
about Rs. 514.7 million when land acquisition is limited to the
reservoir retention level of El 1342 m.

48

vii)

Economic Analysis

The economic analysis of the project has been carried out on


the basis of benefits to the overall economy as a
consequence of the least cost optimal development of the
hydropower potential in the country. For this purpose the
benefits from the proposed combined cycle gas combustion
and furnace oil turbine plant have been evaluated in terms of
costs foregone for providing an equivalent generation. Other
alternatives i.e. Simple Open Cycle Gas Turbine and slow /
medium speed diesel plant have been omitted in PC-I.
Economic Analysis is based on shadow prices and transfer
payments such as custom duties, price contingency and
interest during construction have been excluded in economic
analysis. Other assumptions for undertaking the economic
analysis have been described in Table 11.6.
Results of economic analysis i.e. EIRR calculated as 23.71%
and benefit cost ratio (BCR) as 2.05:1 prove the viability of
the project. The summary of the results of economic analysis
is presented is as under:For detailed analysis refer Table 11.7 & 11.8.
Net Present Value, BC Ratio and EIRR.
Present Worth of Benefits @ 12%

Rs.119,596.90

Present Worth of cost @ 12%

Rs. 58,306.45

Net Present Worth

Rs. 61,290.45

Benefit Cost Ratio

2.05:1

Economic Internal Rate of Return (EIRR)

23.71%

49

viii)

Sensitivity Analysis

To test the robustness of the economic appraisal of the


project, a sensitivity analysis has been carried out. This test
has been performed only for the combined cycle thermal
plant using furnace oil equivalent as this is the alternative
showing least benefits in favor of the proposed project. The
robustness of this analysis would thus qualify other
alternatives. The summary of the results of sensitivity
analysis is presented as under:
For detailed analysis refer Table 11.9.

Scenario
Base Case
Cost increase by 10%
Benefit Decrease by 10%
Combination of above

EIRR %

BC
Ratio

23.71%
21.75%
21.55%
19.75%

2.05
1.86
1.85
1.68

Key; EIRR = Economic Internal Rate of Return; BC Ratio =


Benefit Cost Ratio
ix)

Financial Analysis

Financial Analysis has been carried out from sponsors


prospective. This analysis is based on the following
assumptions;
a)

Interest rate of 10.65% as notified by the Govt. of


Pakistan, Finance Division has been used.

b)

Escalation rate of 6.5% &1.3% for local and foreign cost


components, respectively, have been applied.

c)

Custom duties @ 5% have been used on import of


electro-mechanical equipments as per hydel policy, 2002.

d)

Operation and maintenance cost has been taken as


1.00% of total cost which also covers the major
overhauling of the plant.

e)

The revenue attributable to the project is calculated at


100% of the sale proceeds. Auxiliary losses @ 2.03%
(as per Power System Statistics 2011-2012 37th Edition
Planning Power NTDC) have been admitted as all the
power will be purchased by Central Power Purchasing
Agency (CPPA).

50

Quantifiable output of the project


The project will supply 377 MW of power and generate
1,579GWh of energy annually which will assist in meeting
power demand of the country and will help in reduction of
load-shedding. The project will generate revenue of Rs.
27,148.91 million annually at full operation. The Financial
Internal Rate of Return (FIRR) works out to be 13.58% as
shown in Table 11.10.
x)

Unit Cost

The cost per kWh of energy generated has been estimated


by dividing average annual recurring cost with annual
generation over the economic life of the project. The unit cost
is calculated with Transmission line and without Transmission
line.
The average annual recurring cost is arrived at by amortizing
the total financial cost of Rs. 181,115.83 million (Local Rs.
145,015.09 million and FEC Rs. 36,100.74) including Custom
Duties @5% of foreign cost of E&M equipments, Price
Escalation @ of 6.5% and 1.3% for local and foreign cost
components respectively and Interest during construction at
the interest rate of 10.65% for both local and foreign cost
respectively for 20 years and levelized over the useful life of
the project. To this has also been added annual O&M cost of
Rs. 1,093.49 million (1.00% of the total cost of project) which
gives annual recurring cost of Rs. 9,984.90 million. The
project generation cost per kWh and cost per MW of installed
capacity are shown in Table 11.11. As can be seen, the
project shows generation cost of Rs.6.32/kWh (6.42 US
Cents) over the useful life of the project whereas installed
capacity per MW comes to Rs. 480.41 million (4.87 M US$).

xi)

Profit/ Loss Account


and Cash flow
Statement

Expected income, profit & loss shown in Table 11.13, have


been worked out on the following assumptions;
i)

The income/ revenue of the project are based on the sale


of energy. The average sale price of Rs. 10.26 / kWh of
2012-13Considering Power Purchase Price for PESCO,
being an agency at KP, determined by NEPRA which
has been projected.

ii) The revenue attributable to the project is calculated at


100% of the sale proceeds.

51

Results of Profit / Loss Statement:


Project Investment Cost

Rs. 181,115.83 Million

Less: Salvage Value @ 10%

Rs. (18,111.58) Million

Net Investment

Rs. 163,004.25 Million

Depreciation per annum

Rs.8,150.21 Million

Total Expected Income for

Rs. 275,019.47 Million

First 10 years
Total Expected Income/ Net Investment

1.69:1

Investment Ratio = 275,019.47/163,004.25


xii)

Break Even Point (BEP)

xiii)

Payback Period

Breakeven point is a volume of production which determines


the number of units of energy required to recover the
recurring expenditures (Operating costs + Debt + Interest
Obligation). The break even production volume of the project
is 549.07GWh of energy which is considerably less than the
annual production of 1,579 GWh.
The payback period of the project is 6.67 years.

xiv)

Return on Equity

Not applicable at this stage.

IMPLEMENTATION
SCHEDULE
(INCLUDING STARTING
AND COMPLETION
DATES)

The completion/ implementation of the project are stretched


over forty eight months. Therefore, it is assumed that project
implementation would start from January 2016 and
completed by December 2023. The Ninety Six months
investment is exclusive of twelve months of pre-construction
activities and Eighty Four months of construction activities is
apportioned as follows:
Year
Percentage
1
03
2
05
3
10
4
15
5
15
6
20
7
17
8
15
A tentative implementation schedule is attached as Figure12.1.

12.

52

13.

14.

MANAGEMENT
STRUCTURE AND
MANPOWER
REQUIREMENTS
INCLUDING
SPECIALIZED SKILLS
DURING
CONSTRUCTION AND
OPERATIONAL
PHASES
ADDITIONAL
PROJECTS /
DECISIONS REQUIRED
TO MAXIMIZE SOCIOECONOMIC BENEFITS
FROM PROPOSED
PROJECT

Refer to Para 11 (ii) above

Not Required

53

15. CERTIFIED THAT THE PROJECT PROPOSAL HAS BEEN PREPARED ON THE BASIS
OF GUIDELINES PROVIDED BY THE PLANNING COMMISSION FOR PREPARATION OF PCI FOR INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS

Prepared by

Abdur Rashid Mirza


Economic and Financial Analyst
Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydropower Project
ACE (Pvt) Ltd

Iqtidar-ul-Hassan Alvi
Team Leader
Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydropower Project
ACE (Pvt.) Limited

Checked by

Narindar Kumar
Project Manager
Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydropower Project
PEDO

Farhat Mahmood
Director Feasibilities Studies
PEDO

Recommended by

Bahadur Shah
Managing Director/ Project Director
PEDO

Countersigned by

Secretary, Government of Khyber


Pakhtunkhwa, Energy & Power Department
Peshawar

Approved by

PDWP/CDWP

54

SALIENT FEATURES

1. Location

377 MW GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


SALIENT FEATURES
10 km upstream of Drosh Town. (District
Chitral), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

2. Organization

Pakhtunkhwa Energy Development


Organization (PEDO).

3. Hydrology
Catchment area (dam site)
3
Mean Monthly Discharge (m /sec)
Design Flood (Q1000)

13418.5 km
80.8 to 978.50
3
3538 m /sec

4. River Diversion
Design Flood (Q10 year)
No of Diversion Tunnels
Shape
Size (W x H)

1790 m /sec
4 Nos.
D-shaped
7.6 m x 7.6 m

5. Dam & Appurtenant Structures


Dam type
Dam Crest level
Maximum Reservoir Level
Minimum Reservoir Level
Dead Storage Level
Dam Height (from Bed)
Dam bed elevation

Asphaltic face Rockfill Dam (AFRD)


1342.00 masl
1337.00 masl
1331.00 masl
1324.00 masl
34 m.
1309.00 m.asl

6. Spillway & Energy dissipation arrangement


Spillway type
No of Diversion Tunnels
Shape
Size (W x H)
Type of energy dissipation arrangement

Tunnel Spillway
4 Nos.
D-shaped
7.6 m x 7.6 m
Flip Bucket

7. Power Intake/ Connecting Tunnels


No of Intakes
Size of each Twin intake opening
Intakes invert Level
No of Intake Connecting tunnels
Connecting Tunnels (Upstream of Sand trap)

4 Nos.
7.00 m x 3.00 m
1324.00 m.asl.
4 Nos
12 m x 9 m (D-Shaped)

8. Sand Trap / Flushing Tunnels


Type
No of chambers
Length of Chamber
Fall velocity
Size of Chamber (W x H)
Flushing Discharge
No of Main flushing tunnels

Pressurized-D shape
4 Nos
525 m.
0.2 m /sec
14.30 m x 20.30 m
3
86 m /sec
2 Nos

9. Headrace Tunnel
Type
No of Headrace tunnels
Average Length

Horseshoe
2 Nos
10,214 m

Diameter

9.50 m

10. Surge Shaft


Height
No of Surge Tanks
Diameter

71 m.
02 Nos
10 m.

11. Concrete Lined Pressure Shaft


Length
No of Pressure Shafts
Diameter

92.20 m.
02 Nos
6.50.m.

12. Steel Lined Penstock


Length
Diameter

78 m.
6.5 m.

13. Head
Gross head
Head loss (single waterway)
Net Head

109.28 m.
9.12 m
100.16 m

14. Discharge
Design Discharge

430 m /sec

15. Powerhouse
Type
Size (Lx WxH)

Underground
113 m x24 m x35 m

16. Tailrace Tunnel


Type
Total length
Size (W x H)

D-Shaped
3980 m
7 m x 6.5m

17. Hydro-Mechanical Equipment


Type of turbine
No of Units
Discharge/ Unit

Francis
4 Nos
3
107.50 m /sec

18. Electrical Equipment


Generators
Speed

4 Nos
176.5 rpm

19. Installed Capacity


Plant Capacity
Capacity/ unit

377 MW
94.25 MW

20. Energy
Annual Energy
Plant Factor

1579 Gwh
49%

21. Project Cost (with transmission line)


Base Cost
Total Project Cost

110,737.02 M.Rs
181,115.83 M.Rs

22. Economic and Financial Analysis


B/C ratio
EIRR
FIRR
Cost/MW
Construction time

2.05
23.71
13.58%
4.874 M.US$
84 months

PROJECT DATA

PROJECT DATA
GAHRAIT SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT

1. General
Project
Location

SOP Coordinates

Gahrait-Swir Lasht HPP


10 km Upstream of Drosh Town, near Kesu
Village,
(District,
Chitral)
Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Dam Left abutment
(E 3086764.48, N 1268234.70)

Dam Right abutment


(E3086672.60, N 1268249.42)

River
Type
Purpose of Project

Powerhouse Site (E 3083403.11, N1258175.85)


Chitral
Run-of-River
To add badly needed affordable electricity to
the National Grid

2. Reservoir
Full Reservoir Level (FRL)
Reservoir Volume at El.1337.00 m asl
Capacity required (4Hrs peaking)

1337.00 m asl
13.798 Mm3
7.430 Mm3

Minimum Operating Water Level (M.O.L)


Reservoir Volume at El.1331.00 m asl
Dead Storage Elevation
Reservoir Volume at El.1324.00 m asl
River Bed Elevation (Dam site)
Reservoir Area (E.L. 1337.00 m asl)
Reservoir Length (E.L. 1337.00 m asl)
Average slope of River
Design Discharge (Q26)
Flushing Discharge (20 % of Qd)

1331.00 m asl
5.747 Mm3
132400 m asl
0.805 Mm3
1309 m asl
1.54Km2
4.470 Km
0.007784 (1 in128)
430m3/s for power yield
86 m3/s.

3. Hydrology
Mean Monthly Flows (Min to Max)
3.1. Recommended floods (Dam Site)
River
Catchment Area (Dam Site)
Flood Discharge (Q2 year)
Flood Discharge (Q10 year)
Flood Discharge (Q25 year)
Flood Discharge (Q50 year)
Flood Discharge (Q100 year)
Flood Discharge (Q500 year)
Flood Discharge (Q1000 years)

80.8 m3/s to 978.50 m3/s


Chitral River
13418.5 km2
1331 m3/s
1789 m3/s (For Diversion Scheme Design)
2067m3/s
2295m3/s
2543 m3/s
3206 m3/s
3538 m3/s (For Spillway Design)

Flood Discharge (Q10,000 years)


3.2. Recommended floods (Powerhouse Site)
River
Catchment Area (Power house)
Flood Discharge (Q2 year)
Flood Discharge (Q10 year)
Flood Discharge (Q25 year)
Flood Discharge (Q50 year)
Flood Discharge (Q100 year)
Flood Discharge (Q500 year)
Flood Discharge (Q1000 years)
Flood Discharge (Q10,000 years)

4890m3/s
Chitral River
14330.6km2
1423 m3/s
1912 m3/s
2209 m3/s
2453m3/s
2718 m3/s
3427 m3/s
3782m3/s
5226m3/s

4. River Diversion (Diversion Tunnels) & Spillway (Tunnel Spillway)


Proposed Location
Right Bank of Chitral River
Number of Tunnels
4 Nos.
Type
D-Shaped (Steel Lined)
Length of Tunnel 1
189 m
Length of Tunnel 2
246 m.
Length of Tunnel 3
295 m
Length of Tunnel 4
316 m
Slope of Diversion Tunnel / Spillway Tunnels-I
1 in 29
Slope of Diversion Tunnel / Spillway Tunnels-II 1 in 39
Slope of Diversion Tunnel / Spillway Tunnels-III 1 in 47
Slope of Diversion Tunnel / Spillway Tunnels-IV 1 in 51
4.1. Diversion Tunnel / Spillway Tunnels Inlet Details
Shape of Tunnel
D-Shaped (Steel Lined)
Size of Tunnel
7.6 m x 7.6 m
River Bed Elevation (at Inlet)
1313.00 m asl
Tunnel invert (at Inlet)
1313.00 m asl
Tunnel Top (at Inlet)
1321.79 m asl
Platform Crane EL. (at Inlet)
1338.00 m asl
Size of Groves for Stoplogs
0.40 m x 0.20 m
RCC Lining (Tunnel)
500 mm
Shotcrete Thickness (Tunnel)
120 mm
Steel lining (Tunnel)
12 mm (average)
RCC Lining (inlet portal)
750 mm
Shotcrete Thickness (inlet portal)
75 mm
Steel lining (inlet portal)
10 mm
4.2. Diversion Tunnel / Spillway Tunnels Outlet Details
4.2.1 Diversion Tunnel No-1, 2, 3 &4
Shape of Tunnel
Rectangular-Shaped
Size of Outlet
2 Nos (6.85 x 3.5) (3 m pier in between)
River Bed Elevation (at Outlet)
1307.00 m asl
Tunnel invert (at Outlet)
1307.00 m asl
Tunnel Top (at Outlet)
1310.50 m asl

RCC Lining
300 mm
Shotcrete Thickness
35 mm
Steel lining
10 mm
4.3. Upstream Coffer Dam (River Diversion)
Q10 (10 year flood)
1789 m3/sec
Type
River Material
Height of Coffer Dam
10.0 m
River Bed Level
1311.00 m asl
Coffer Dam Crest Level
1321.00 m asl
Free Board
0.30 m
Designed U/S Water Level
1320.70 m asl
Top width of Coffer Dam
6.0 m (for two-way traffic)
Coffer dam Side slopes
1V:2 H
4.4. Downstream Coffer Dam (River Diversion)
Type
River Material
Height of Coffer Dam
7.00 m
Dam Crest Level
1315.00 m asl
River Bed Level
1308.00 m asl
Designed U/S Water Level
1314.70 m asl
Free Board
0.30 m
Top width of coffer Dam
6.0 m
Side slopes
1V:2 H
4.5. Downstream Coffer Dam (Ring Type-For Construction of Diversion Tunnel)
Type
River Material
Height of Coffer Dam
3.00 m
River Bed Level
1307.00 m asl
Dam Crest Level
1310.00 m asl
Top width of Coffer Dam
6.0 m
Side Slopes
1V:2 H
4.6. Diversion Tunnel /Spillway Tunnel (Energy Dissipation Arrangement)
4.6.1. Flip Bucket
Tail Water Elevation (Q25 =2053 m3/sec)
1314.19 m asl
3
Tail Water Elevation (Q100=2543 m /sec)
1314.98 m asl
3
Tail Water Elevation (Q1000=3538 m /sec)
1315.89 m asl
Radial gate seat level
1307.00 m asl
River Bed Elevation (at Outlet)
1307.00 m asl
Trunnions axis elevation
1312.00 m asl (2 year return period)
Elevation of side wall
1314.00 m asl.
Bucket Lip elevation
1314.00 m asl (25 year return period)
Velocity of flow at tunnel outlet
19.10 m/sec
Trajectory Angle
35
Horizontal distance, lip to impact area
36.50 m
Impact Angle
37

5. Dam & Appurtenant Structures


Type

Asphaltic Concrete Faced Rock fill Dam


(AFRD Type)

Design flood (Q1000 years)


Normal Reservoir level
Free Board provided
Height of Crest wall
Dam top level
Road level at dam
Upstream slope of Dam
Downstream slope of Dam
Dam Crest Width
Dam Foundation level
River Bed Elevation
Height of Dam
(from bed)
6. Power Intake
Type
No. of Intakes
Size of Intake
Intake Opening Size
River Bed Elevation at Intake
Intake Invert Level
Intake Top Level
Elevation of access Road at intake
RCC Lining thickness at base

3538 m3/s
1337.00 m asl
6m
4 m.
1343.00 m asl
1342.00 m asl
1:2 (V: H)
1:2 (V: H)
10.00 m
1306.00 m asl
1309.00 m asl
34 m
Side Intake Gate Controlled
4 Nos.
4 x (9.26 m x 7.97 m), Rectangular Separated
by 2.00 m thick Dividing Wall)
(7.0 m x 3.0 m), Bell Mouth
1314 m asl
1324.00 m asl
1327.00 m asl
1344.00 m asl
2.50 m

6.1. Trash Rack at Power Intake


No of Trash Racks
Size of Trash Rack
Trash Rack Invert Level
Trash Rack Top Level
Inclination
6.2. Gates Control Building
Floor Elevation of Building
Size of Building

4 No.
2 x (9.26 m x 7.97 m), (W x H)
1322.30 m asl
1332.00m asl
74.48
1344.35 m asl
8mx3m

6.3. Intake Connecting Tunnels (Upstream of Sand trap)


Type
Concrete Lined Rectangular
No. of Tunnels
4 No.
Velocity in connecting tunnels
3.07 m/sec
6.3.1. Connecting Tunnel-I
Size of Tunnel
12 m x 9 m (D-Shaped).
Length of Connecting Tunnel I
318 m
Invert Level of Connecting Tunnel I
1324.00m asl
Top Level of Connecting Tunnel I
1333.00m asl

Thickness of Concrete Lining


6.3.2. Connecting Tunnel-II
Size of Tunnel
Length of Connecting Tunnel II
Invert Level of Connecting Tunnel II
Top Level of Connecting Tunnel II
Thickness of Concrete Lining
6.3.3. Connecting Tunnel-III
Size of Tunnel
Length of Connecting Tunnel III
Invert Level of Connecting Tunnel III
Top Level of Connecting Tunnel III
Thickness of Concrete Lining

300 mm
12 m x 9 m (D-Shaped).
288 m
1324.00m asl
1333.00m asl
300 mm
12 m x 9 m (D-Shaped).
288 m
1324.00m asl
1333.00m asl
300 mm

6.3.4. Connecting Tunnel-IV


Size of Tunnel
12 m x 9 m (D-Shaped).
Length of Connecting Tunnel IV
288 m
Invert Level of Connecting Tunnel IV
1324.00m asl
Top Level of Connecting Tunnel IV
1333.00m asl
a. Transition Portion (between Intake Connecting Tunnels and Sand Trap)
Length

20 m

6.3.5. After Transition Portion


Invert Level at Start
Invert Level at End
Top Level at Start
Top Level at End

1324.00 m asl
1312.70m asl
1333.00 m asl
1333.00m asl

7. Sand Trap
Type
Shape
No. of Chambers
Length of Sand Trap
Size of Chamber
Particle size to be settled
Forward Velocity
Invert Level at Start
Invert Level at end of Chamber
Top Level at Start
Top Level at end of Chamber
Slope along the Bed of Chamber
Slope along the Crown of Chamber
Cocnrete Lining
Steel lining
7.1. Transition Zone (at the end of Sand Trap)
Transition Length

Pressurized
V-Arched Shaped.
4 Nos.
525 m
14.30 m x 20.30 m (W x H)
0.2 mm
0.52 m/ sec.
1312.70 m asl
1310.70 m asl (Fall 2.0 m)
1333.00 m asl
1334.00 m asl (Rise 1.0 m)
2: 525 (Downward)
1: 525 (Upward)
600 mm
150 mm
20.0 m.

Invert Level at Start


1310.70 m asl
Invert Level at End
1319.85 m asl
Top Level at Start
1334.00 m asl
Top Level at End
1326.60 m asl
7.2. Air Vent Pipe (at the end of Sand Trap)
Diameter of Pipe
1200 mm
Invert Level of Pipe
1334.00 m asl
7.3. Ventilation & Access Adit (at the end of Sand Trap)
Shape of Ventilation Adit
D-Shaped
Size of Ventilation Adit
5m x 6m (W x H)
Invert Level of Adit
1344.00m asl
Top Level of Adit
1350.00m asl
7.4. Headrace Connecting Tunnel & Flushing Gates Adit
Shape of Isolation Gate
D-Shaped
Size of Isolation Gate
10 m x 7.5 m (W x H)
Invert Level of Flushing Gates Adit
1334.00 m asl
Top Level of Flushing Gates Adit
1341.50m asl
7.5. Headrace Connecting Tunnels (b/w Sand Trap and Head Race tunnel)
Type
Circular-Concrete Lined
No. of Connecting Tunnels
04 No.
7.6. Headrace Connecting Tunnels (1 to 4)
Length of Tunnel
188.20 m
Diameter of Tunnel
6.75 m
Invert Level at Start
1319.85 m asl
Top Level at Start
1326.60 m asl
Invert Level at d/s end
1317.10 m asl
Top Level at d/s end
1326.60 m asl
8. Flushing Tunnels
8.1. Flushing Conduits Size (Below Desander Chambers)
Size 1.0m x1.5 m (W x H)
0-262.50 m
1.5m x1.5 m (W x H)
262.50-525 m
Size of flushing conduits service gate
1.5 m x 1.5 m
Size of flushing conduits Emergency gate
1.5 m x 1.5 m
8.2. Flushing Connecting Tunnels
Flushing Discharge (20% of Qd)
No. of Connecting Flushing Conduits
Depth of flow in tunnels
Free board
Velocity
Protection Provided
8.2.1. Flushing Connecting-I to VIII
Length of Flushing Connecting Tunnel I
Length of Flushing Connecting Tunnel II
Length of Flushing Connecting Tunnel III

86 m3/sec
08 No.
1.75 m
0.30 m
2.93 m/sec
Erosion Resistant Steel Lining
123.86 m.
128.55m
145.30m

Size

Length of Flushing Connecting Tunnel IV


Length of Flushing Connecting Tunnel V
Length of Flushing Connecting Tunnel VI
Length of Flushing Connecting Tunnel VII
Length of Flushing Connecting Tunnel VIII
Size of Flushing Connecting Conduit
Invert Level at Start
Top Level at Start
Invert Level at End
Top Level at End
Cocnrete Lining
Shotcrete lining
Steel lining

153.58 m
174.84 m
182.57 m
173.00 m
183.11 m
2.10 m x 3.10 m (W x H)
1308.90m asl
1312.00m asl
1308.90m asl
1312.00m asl
400 mm
100 mm
10 mm

8.4. Main Flushing Tunnel


No of Main Flushing Tunnel

02 No.

Shape of Tunnel

D-Shaped.

8.4.1 Main Flushing Tunnel No-1


Length of Main Flushing Tunnel
Size of Main Flushing Tunnel
Depth of flow
Invert level of Main Flushing Tunnel (Start)
Top level of Main Flushing Tunnel (Start)
Invert level of Main Flushing Tunnel (Outfall)
Top level of Main Flushing Tunnel (Outfall)
Free Board in Flushing Connecting Tunnels
Slope of Flushing Tunnel
Protection Provided

314.50 m
8.20 m x 6.15 m (D Shaped)
1.75 m
1308.90 m asl
1315.05m asl
1308.49m asl
1314.64m asl
0.30 m
1 in 1013
Erosion Resistant Steel Lining.

8.4.1 Main Flushing Tunnel No-2


Length of Main Flushing Tunnel
Size of Main Flushing Tunnel
Invert level of Main Flushing Tunnel (Start)
Top level of Main Flushing Tunnel (Start)
Invert level of Main Flushing Tunnel (Outfall)
Top level of Main Flushing Tunnel (Outfall)
Free Board in Flushing Connecting Tunnels
Slope of Flushing Tunnel
Protection Provided
Cocnrete Lining
Shotcrete lining
Steel lining

416.50 m
8.20 m x 6.15 m (D Shaped)
1308.90 m asl
1315.05 m asl
1308.49 m asl
1314.64 m asl
0.30 m
1 in 1013
Erosion Resistant Steel Lining
500 mm
100 mm
10 mm

8.5. Flushing Tunnel Outfall Structure


Distance of Outfall Structure (from Dam Axis)

920 m

River Bed level at Outfall


Invert Level of Outfall at Start
Invert Level of Outfall at End
Thickness of Concrete Floor at Start

1300.00m asl
1308.49m asl
1296.26m asl
0.50 m

Slope of Chute

1V:2H

Thickness of Chute floor

0.60 m.

Height of Baffle Blocks


Top Width of Baffle Blocks
Cut-off Wall Depth (Downstream)
Length of Concrete Block Apron
Length of Riprap Apron

1.27 m
0.25 m
3m
4.5 m
10 m

9. Headrace Tunnel
Type
No of Headrace Tunnels
Average length of tunnel
Diameter
Tunnel Slope
Tunnel Invert Level (at the Start)
Tunnel Invert Level (at the End)
Tunnel Top Level (at the Start)
Tunnel Top Level (at the End)
Velocity in Tunnel
RCC lining
Shotcrete Thickness

Horseshoe, Reinforced Concrete Lined.


02 No.
10,214 m
9.50 m (Area = 70.85 m2)
1:1000
1317.10 m asl
1306.92 m asl
1326.60 m asl
1316.40 m asl
3.03 m/sec
500 mm
120 mm

10. Surge Shaft


Type

Reinforced Concrete Lined.

No of Surge Tanks

2 Nos.

Height

79 m

Invert Elevation

1316.42 m asl

Top Elevation
Diameter
RCC Lining
Shotcrete Thickness

1381.24 m asl
10 m
600 mm
250 mm

11. Pressure Shaft


Type

Circular-Concrete Lined

Length of Shaft

92.20 m

Diameter of Shaft

6.50 m (Circular)

Cross-Section Area of Shaft

33.17 m2

Velocity in the Shaft

6.48 m/ sec

Top Level of Shaft

1316.40 m asl

RCC Lining
Steel Lining
Shotcrete Thickness

600 mm
20 mm
100 mm

12. Penstock
Type
Length

Mild Steel (Circular)


78.00 m

Invert Level of Penstock (Start)

1224.24 m asl

Invert Level of Penstock (End)


Slope of Penstock
Diameter
Velocity
RCC Lining
Steel Lining

1222.47 m asl
3%
6.50 m (Area =33.17 m2)
6.48 m/sec
600 mm
18 mm

13. Manifold
Type
Length of Manifold
No.
Diameter
Velocity in Main Manifold

Circular Steel
28 m
4 No.
4.00 m
8.56 m/sec.

14. Draft Tube (Downstream of Turbine)


Length of Chamber
Size of Gate chamber
Invert Level of Stop log chamber
Invert of Draft tube at end
Length of Transition at the end of Draft tube

49.60 m
6.00 x 7.00 m (WxH)
1237.50 m asl.
1217.10 m asl.
13.40 m.

15. Tailrace Tunnel and Channel


15.1. Tailrace Tunnel
Type
No. of Tailrace Tunnels
Average length of tunnel
Width of Tunnel
Height of Tunnel
Depth of Flow
Free Board
Invert Level (at Start)
Top Level (at Start)
Invert Level (at End of tunnel)
Top Level (at End of tailrace tunnel)
Slope of tunnel
Avg. Length of the Tailrace tunnel
Concrete Lining Thickness
Shotcrete Thickness

D-Shaped
04 Nos.
3980 m
7.0 m.
6.50 m
5.0 m.
1.50 m
1216.42 m asl
1222.92 m asl
1226.38 m asl
1232.88 m asl
1 in 969
3890 m
0.50 m
100 mm

15.2. Tailrace Channel (Earthern Lined)


Type
Length of Channel
`
Bed Width of Channel
Depth of Flow
Free Board
Side Slope of Channel
Slope of Channel
Invert Level (at Start)
Top Level (at Start)

Concrete Lined.
282 m.
74 m.
5 m.
varies as per site.
2 H: 1V
1 in 969
1226.38 m asl
1232.88m asl

17. Power House


Powerhouse Type
Dimensions
Type of Turbine
No of Units
Design Discharge
Design Discharge (each Unit)
Power Output (each Unit)
River Bed Level (Chitral River)
Turbine Axis Elevation
Maximum Flood Water Elevation
Minimum Tail Water Elevation (Half discharge)
Minimum Tail Water Elevation (4 Units)
Minimum Tail Water Elevation (50 % of 1turbine)
Gross Head
Head Loss
Net Head
Installed Capacity

Under Ground
113 m x24 m x 35 m (L x W x H)
Francis (Vertical Shaft)
4 Nos.
430 m3/sec
107.50 m3/sec
94.25 MW
1225.51 m asl
1225.72 m asl
1238.00 m asl
1229.22 m asl
1231.00 m asl
1227.72 m asl
109.28 m
9.12 m
100.16 m
377 MW.

TABLES

TABLE-7.1
Breakdown of Project Base Cost and Total Cost Estimates
Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydropower Project
Rs. Million
Sr. No.
Description
Local
Foreign
Preliminary Works and Engineering Costs
A
Preliminary Works
2,496.06
131.37
B
Environmental and Resettlement Cost
453.85
0
C
Civil Works
65,656.20
4139.66
D
Hydro Mechanical
198.25
10,874.25
E
Electrical and Mechanical Works
1,727.79
15,311.17
F
Sub Total (A+B+C+D+E)
70,532.15
30,456.45
Other Costs
G
Transportation and Erection Charges @ 6% of (D, E)
115.56
1,571.12
H
Detail Design and Tender Documents @ 1.5%
1,059.72
480.41
I
Client Expenses, Administration and Legal Costs @ 1%
706.48
320.28
J
Engineering and Supervision Costs @ 1%
706.48
320.28
K
Physical Contingencies @ 3%
2,119.43
960.83
L
Import duties and charges @ 5%
1,387.83
0
M
Sub Total Other Cost (G+H+I+J+K+L)
6,095.50
3,652.92
N
Total Base Cost (F+M)
76,627.65
34,109.37
O
Price Escalation
24,877.04
1,991.37
P
Interest during construction
31,652.97
11,857.43
Q
Total Project Costs (N+O+P)
133,157.66
47,958.17

Total
2,627.43
453.85
69,795.86
11,072.50
17,038.96
100,988.60
1,686.68
1,540.13
1,026.76
1,026.76
3,080.26
1,387.83
9,748.42
110,737.02
26,868.41
43,510.40
181,115.83

Phasing of the Project


(Rs. Millions)
Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Year 7

Year 8

3,455.16

6,388.89

13,634.96

22,996.86

26,341.38

35,944.34

35,792.59

36,561.65

The above phasing is inclusive of land cost.

Sheet 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.2

SUMMARY OF PRELIMINARY COST ESTIMATE


(Price Index April 30th 2014)
1 US$ = Rs. 98.56
Sr.
No.
I

DESCRIPTION

LOCAL

FOREIGN

Pak Rs.

Pak Rs.

TOTAL
Pak Rs.

US$

Preliminary Works

I-1

Access Roads with ancillaries to the Main Works Sites

1,900,000,000

100,000,000

2,000,000,000

20,292,208

I-2

Camps and Housing/ Employer Facilities (Refer: Table-16.16)

596,056,125

31,371,375

627,427,500

6,365,945

I-3

Environmental Mitigation Cost


(Refer: Table-14.29, Chapter:14 of Main Report)

431,878,850

431,878,850

4,381,888

I-4

Land Acquisition and Compensation Cost


(Refer: Table-14.29, Chapter:14 of Main Report)

21,970,000

21,970,000

222,910

I-5

Fish Ladder (Refer: Table-16.14)

57,162,123

3,755,561

60,917,684

618,077

2,949,904,975

131,371,375

3,081,276,350

31,262,951

2,953,592,137

154,838,842

3,108,430,979

31,538,464

Sub Total I
II

Civil Works

II-1

Coffer Dams, Boulder Trap and Diversion / Spillway Tunnels


(Refer: Table-16.02)

II-2

Asphaltic Concrete Face Rockfill Dam (Refer: Table-16.03)

722,835,661

10,955,992

733,791,653

7,445,126

II-3

Power Intake (Refer: Table-16.04)

824,729,703

45,261,076

869,990,779

8,827,017

II-4

Connecting tunnel from Power intake to Desanders


(Refer: Table-16.05)

1,810,970,431

108,036,978

1,919,007,409

19,470,449

II-5
II-6
II-7

Desander Chambers (Refer: Table-16.06)


Flushing Arrangement (Refer: Table-16.07)
Connecting Tunnel to Headrace (Refer: Table-16.08)

9,294,898,822
2,811,622,491
501,841,997

564,546,632
68,558,231
31,376,801

9,859,445,454
2,880,180,722
533,218,798

100,034,958
29,222,613
5,410,093

II-8
II-9
II-10
II-11
II-12
II-13

Headrace/ Power Tunnel (Refer: Table-16.09)


Surge Shaft (Refer: Table-16.10)
Pressure Shaft (Refer: Table-16.11)
Penstock and Manifold (Refer: Table-16.12)
Powerhouse and Transformer Cavern (Refer: Table-16.13)
Tailrace Tunnels + Collecting Chamber (Refer: Table-16.15)

31,612,124,040
367,645,035
325,983,027
408,026,637
3,701,412,096
10,320,493,772

2,212,845,021
18,139,877
27,448,365
34,598,506
222,707,070
640,344,737

33,824,969,061
385,784,912
353,431,392
442,625,143
3,924,119,166
10,960,838,509

343,191,650
3,914,214
3,585,952
4,490,921
39,814,521
111,209,806

Sub Total II

65,656,175,849

4,139,658,128

69,795,833,977

708,155,784

Total for Civil Works (I+II)

68,606,080,824

4,271,029,503

72,877,110,327

739,418,735

62,500,000
135,750,000
320,000,000
1,407,791,616
115,562,497

1,187,500,000
7,107,500,000
2,579,250,000
9,680,000,000
5,631,166,464
1,571,124,988

1,250,000,000
7,107,500,000
2,715,000,000
10,000,000,000
7,038,958,080
1,686,687,485

12,682,630
72,113,433
27,546,672
101,461,039
71,418,000
17,113,306

Sub Total (E & M) III (III-1 to III-8)

2,041,604,113

27,756,541,452

29,798,145,565

302,335,080

Sub Total I, II & III

70,647,684,937

32,027,570,955

102,675,255,892

1,041,753,815

1.5%

1,059,715,274.06

480,413,564.33

1,540,128,838

15,626,307

1%
1%
3%
5%

706,476,849.37
706,476,849.37
2,119,430,548.11
1,387,827,072.60

320,275,709.55
320,275,709.55
960,827,128.65
-

1,026,752,559
1,026,752,559
3,080,257,677
1,387,827,073

10,417,538
10,417,538
31,252,614
14,081,038

76,627,611,531

34,109,363,067

110,736,974,598

1,123,548,850

III
III-1
III-2
III-3
III-4
III-5
III-6
III-7
III-8

Electrical and Mechanical Works


(Refer: Table-16.17)
Hydraulic Steel Works
Hydro-Mechanical Equipment
Power House Mechanical Works
Power House Electrical Works
Sub-station / Switchyard (500 KV), (Including Civil Works)
Transmission Line Works (Not included in project cost)
Interconnection Works (Not included in project cost)
Transportation and Erection Charges

IV

Detailed Design and Tender Documents @

V
VI
VII
VIII

Client Expenses, Administration and Legal Costs @


Engineering and Supervision Costs @
Contingencies @
Duties & Taxes Costs of E&M Cost @

IX

TOTAL BASE COST

Installed Capacity (MW)


Cost Per MW in Million USD

XI

377
2.980

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.3

COST ESTIMATE - CIVIL WORKS - AFRD OPTION


Sr. No Description of Activities

Unit

Quantity

Rate

Local

Foreign

Total Amount

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

CIVIL WORKS-AFRD
DIVERSION / SPILLWAY TUNNELS

Excavation for Diversion / Spillway Tunnels upto design depth in


Medium Hard Rock requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material
from outside of the structure area

m3

160,462

3,945.52

633,106,030

633,106,030

PCC in overbreak section in Diversion / Spillway Tunnels including


placing, compacting, finishing & curing (Ratio 1:2:4)

m3

24,069

9,015.38

216,991,181

216,991,181

Shotcrete 50mm thick-fibre reinforced in Diversion / Spillway


Tunnels

m3

1,775

69,496.20

123,355,755

123,355,755

Shotcrete 75mm thick-fibre reinforced in Diversion / Spillway


Tunnels

m3

205

962

6,234.47

5,997,560

5,997,560

Lean Concrete 1:4:8

RCC 1:1.5:3 for Linning in Diversion / Spillway Tunnels-Intake Section


and Piers using crushed stone aggregate (screening & ashing) and
coarse sand i/c cost of all labour and material and all kinds of form
works, moulds, shuttering lifting / pumping, curing, rendering and
finishing the exposed surface excluding steel reinforcement

m3

3,386

12,954.80

43,864,953

43,864,953

RCC 1:1.5:3 for Linning in Diversion / Spillway Tunnels- Mid Section


using crushed stone aggregate (screening & ashing) and coarse sand
i/c cost of all labour and material and all kinds of form works,
moulds, shuttering lifting / pumping, curing, rendering and finishing
the exposed surface excluding steel reinforcement

m3

8,074

12,954.80

104,597,055

104,597,055

RCC 1:1.5:3 for Linning in Diversion / Spillway Tunnels- Outlet


Section, Flip Bucket and chamber using crushed stone aggregate
(screening & ashing) and coarse sand i/c cost of all labour and
material and all kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting /
pumping, curing, rendering and finishing the exposed surface
excluding steel reinforcement

m3

18,560

12,954.80

240,441,088

240,441,088

Reinforcement Grade 60 for item above

ton

3,002

166,111.52

448,800,105

49,866,678

498,666,783

10

Steel liner for 10mm thick for intake and mid section

ton

2,348

291,224.03

615,414,620

68,379,402

683,794,022

11

Steel liner for 10mm thick for outlet section

ton

537

291,224.03

140,748,574

15,638,730

156,387,304

12

Rock Bolts 3m long with 2.5m spacing

No.

3,232

2,660.03

1,719,443

6,877,774

8,597,217

13

Downstream Stone Appron

7,500

4,811.95

36,089,625

36,089,625

14

Dewatering

LS

1,500,000.00

1,500,000

1,500,000

U/S & D/S COFFER DAMS


14

Provide and place river bed material fill material in Coffer Dams u/s
and d/s Areas

m3

23,232

1,632.92

37,935,997

37,935,997

15

Plastic Concrete Cutt off wall

m3

1,386

9,015.38

12,495,317

12,495,317

m3

13,489

1,632.92

22,026,458

22,026,458

268,508,376

14,076,258

282,584,635

2,953,592,137

154,838,842

3,108,430,980

BOULDER TRAP (2 Nos.)


17

Provide and place Gabions Fill Material

19

Other Miscellaneous items for joints of all types, Drainage, intrumentations etc. @

10%

Sub Total for Diversion / Spillway Tunnels, Coffer Dams and Boulder Trap

Page 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.4

COST ESTIMATE - CIVIL WORKS - AFRD OPTION


Sr. No Description of Activities

Unit

Quantity

Rate

Local

Foreign

Total Amount

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

CIVIL WORKS-AFRD
ASPHALTIC CONCRETE FACE ROCKFILL DAM
1

Clearing and Grubbing of Area 300m upstream of Dam

m2

33,000

30.98

1,022,340

1,022,340

Excavation for core trench of Dam Embankment / Spillway / Intake & Outlet
Structure and Irrigation System upto design depth in Medium Hard Rock
requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material from outside of the
structure area

m3

71,830

1,254.79

81,118,409

9,013,157

90,131,566

Foundation Treatment

LS

2,500,000.00

2,500,000

2,500,000

Lean Concrete 1:4:8

m3

1,199

6,234.47

7,475,130

7,475,130

AFRD
m2

7,437

732.00

5,443,884

5,443,884

744

38,697.56

28,790,985

28,790,985

5.1
5.2

SEAL COAT 2mm


Upper Impervious layer (10cm)

5.3

Drainage Layer (8cm)

595

1,106.44

658,332

658,332

5.4

Lower Impervious layer (5cm)

m3

372

38,697.56

14,395,492

14,395,492

5.5

Bedding layer (10cm)

m3

744

885.15

658,552

658,552

Zone 1A, Fine-Grained Cohesionless Silt and Fine Sand

2,464

1,073.65

2,645,474

2,645,474

Zone 1B, Random Mix of Silt, Clays, Grovels and Cobbles

m3

4,064

961.36

3,906,967

3,906,967

1,059

1,258.21

1,332,444

1,332,444

Zone 2A, Sand and Gravel Filter

Zone 2B, Sand and Crusher Run Particles Nearly in


Quality Equal to Concrete Aggregate

m3

1,644

2,372.25

3,899,979

3,899,979

10

Zone 3A, Slected Rock fill With Maximum Size of 150mm

m3

36,847

207.40

7,642,068

7,642,068

11

Zone 3B, Rock fill With Maximum Size of 500mm

138,743

581.94

80,740,101

80,740,101

12

Zone 3c, Rock fill With Maximum Size of 1000mm

m3

93,440

960.14

89,715,482

89,715,482

9,101

4,811.95

43,793,557

43,793,557

13

Down stream Slope Protection

14

Dewatering

LS

60,000,000

60,000,000

60,000,000

574

12,954.80

7,436,055

7,436,055

15

Parapet Wall

16

Reinforcement Grade 60 in Linning

ton

57

166,111.52

8,521,521

946,836

9,468,357

17

Plastic Concrete Cutt off wall

m3

6,148

9,015.38

55,426,556

55,426,556

18

Compaction Grouting

LS

100,000,000

100,000,000

100,000,000

19

Curtain Grouting

LS

50,000,000

50,000,000

50,000,000

20

Miscellaneous for joints of all types, Drainage, Architectural details, finishes etc. @

65,712,332.80

995,999.30

66,708,332.10

722,835,661

10,955,992

733,791,653

10%
Sub Total for Dam

Page 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.5

COST ESTIMATE - CIVIL WORKS - AFRD OPTION


Sr. No Description of Activities

Unit

Quantity

Rate

Local

Foreign

Total Amount

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

11,013,041

CIVIL WORKS-AFRD
POWER INTAKE

Excavation for Power Intake upto design depth in Medium Hard


Rock requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material from outside of
the structure area

m3

87,768

1,254.79

99,117,368

PCC in overbreak section including placing, compacting, finishing &


curing (Ratio 1:2:4)

m3

13,165

9,015.38

118,687,478

118,687,478

Lean Concrete 1:4:8

m3

128

6,234.47

798,012

798,012

176

62,945.33

11,078,378

11,078,378

250,286,736

110,130,409

Shotcrete at the face 200mm thick fibre reinforced

RCC 1:1.5:3 for Linning using crushed stone aggregate (screening &
ashing) and coarse sand i/c costof all labour and material and all
kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting / pumping, curing,
rendering and finishing the exposed surface excluding steel
reinforcement

m3

19,320

12,954.80

250,286,736

Reinforcement Grade 60 in Linning

ton

1,932

166,111.52

288,834,711

Structural backfill using Common Material available at


site near transition zones and Bridge areas

m3

37,720

415.01

15,654,177

15,654,177

Clearing, Grubbing and shotcrtetnig if necessary of the Area


between Power Intake and Diversion Tunnels

LS

500,000.00

500,000

500,000

Dewatering

LS

500,000.00

500,000

500,000

39,272,843.00

2,155,289.35

41,428,132.35

824,729,703

45,261,076

869,990,779

10

Miscellaneous for joints of all types, Drainage, Architectural details, finishes and

Control Building etc. @

Gate

5%

Sub Total for Power Intake

32,092,746

320,927,457

Page 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.6

COST ESTIMATE - CIVIL WORKS - AFRD OPTION


Sr. No Description of Activities

Unit

Quantity

Rate

Local

Foreign

Total Amount

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

CIVIL WORKS-AFRD
CONNECTING TUNNELS FROM POWER INTAKE TO DESANDERS

Excavation for Connecting Tunnels to Headrace Tunnel upto design


depth in Medium Hard Rock requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of
material from outside of the structure area

m3

146,705

4,813.53

635,552,027

70,616,892

706,168,919

PCC in overbreak section including placing, compacting, finishing &


curing (Ratio 1:2:4)

m3

22,006

9,015.38

198,392,452

198,392,452

Lean Concrete 1:4:8

1,395

6,234.47

8,697,086

8,697,086

Shotcrete 100mm thick-fibre reinforced

m3

5,394

62,945.33

339,527,110

339,527,110

RCC 1:1.5:3 for Linning using crushed stone aggregate (screening &
ashing) and coarse sand i/c costof all labour and material and all
kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting / pumping, curing,
rendering and finishing the exposed surface excluding steel
reinforcement

m3

19,428

12,954.80

251,685,854

251,685,854

Reinforcement Grade 60 in Linning

ton

1,943

166,111.52

290,479,215

32,275,468

322,754,683

Dewatering

LS

400,000.00

400,000

400,000

Miscellaneous for joints of all types, Drainage, Architectural details, finishes etc. @

86,236,687.20

5,144,618.00

91,381,305.20

1,810,970,431

108,036,978

1,919,007,409

5%

Sub Total for Connecting Tunnel from Power Intake to Desanders

Page 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.7

COST ESTIMATE - CIVIL WORKS - AFRD OPTION


Sr. No Description of Activities

Unit

Quantity

Rate

Local

Foreign

Total Amount

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

CIVIL WORKS-AFRD
DESANDER CHAMBERS
1

Excavation for Desanders upto design depth in Medium Hard Rock


requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material from outside of the
structure area

m3

804,195

4,332.18

3,135,525,746

348,391,750

3,483,917,495

Lean Concrete 1:4:8

m3

4,704

6,234.47

29,326,947

29,326,947

PCC in overbreak section including placing, compacting, finishing &


curing (Ratio 1:2:4)

104,895

9,015.38

945,668,285

945,668,285

24,150

62,945.33

1,520,129,720

1,520,129,720

Shotcrete 150mm thick-fibre reinforced

RCC 1:1.5:3 for Linning using crushed stone aggregate (screening &
ashing) and coarse sand i/c costof all labour and material and all
kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting / pumping, curing,
rendering and finishing the exposed surface excluding steel
reinforcement

m3

96,579

12,954.80

1,251,161,629

1,251,161,629

RCC 1:1.5:3 for inspection path incuding railing using crushed stone
aggregate (screening & ashing) and coarse sand i/c costof all labour
and material and all kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting /
pumping, curing, rendering and finishing the exposed surface
excluding steel reinforcement

m3

2,646

12,954.80

34,278,401

34,278,401

Reinforcement Grade 60 in Linning and Inspection path

ton

9,923

166,111.52

1,483,492,152

164,832,461

1,648,324,613

Rock bolts 3m long, with 2.5m spacing

No.

11,816

2,660.03

31,430,914

31,430,914

Stainless Steel Hand Railing (Providing and Fixing angle iron railing,
using 2.5"x2.5"x3/8" angle iron post 4.5'long, 5'to 6" apart,
complete)

4,200

4,260.53

17,894,226

17,894,226

10

Dewatering

LS

1,000,000.00

1,000,000

1,000,000

11

Miscellaneous for joints of all types, Drainage, Architectural details, finishes etc @

844,990,802.00

51,322,421.10

896,313,223.00

9,294,898,822

564,546,632

9,859,445,453

10%

Sub Total for Desander Chambers

Page 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.8

COST ESTIMATE - CIVIL WORKS - AFRD OPTION


Sr. No Description of Activities

Unit

Quantity

Rate

Local

Foreign

Total Amount

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

CIVIL WORKS-AFRD
FLUSHING ARRANGEMENT
Excavation for outlet gate and Ventilation shaft and Tunnel D
Shaped to Adit upto design depth in Medium Hard Rock requiring
50% blasting i/c removing of material from outside of the structure
area
Excavation for isolation gate shaft upto design depth in Medium
Hard Rock requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material from
outside of the structure area
Excavation for Lift well upto design depth in Medium Hard Rock
requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material from outside of the
structure area
Excavation for Flushing Gate Chamber upto design depth in Medium
Hard Rock requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material from
outside of the structure area
Excavation for Isolation Gate Chamber upto design depth in Medium
Hard Rock requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material from
outside of the structure area
Excavation for Flushing Tunnel upto design depth in Medium Hard
Rock requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material from outside of
the structure area
Excavation for Flushing Outlet upto design depth in Medium Hard
Rock requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material from outside of
the structure area
PCC in overbreak section including placing, compacting, finishing &
curing (Ratio 1:2:4)

m3

7,607

4,813.53

32,954,871

3,661,652

36,616,523

m3

340

4,813.53

1,472,940

163,660

1,636,600

m3

2,154

4,813.53

9,331,510

1,036,834

10,368,344

m3

5,876

4,813.53

25,455,872

2,828,430

28,284,302

m3

1,591

4,813.53

6,892,493

765,833

7,658,326

m3

33,948

4,813.53

147,068,744

16,340,972

163,409,716

m3

5,086

4,813.53

22,033,453

2,448,161

24,481,614

m3

8,490

9,015.38

76,540,576

76,540,576

RCC 1:1.5:3 in walls, bed in flushing outlet using crushed stone


aggregate (screening & ashing) and coarse sand i/c costof all labour
and material and all kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting /
pumping, curing, rendering and finishing the exposed surface
excluding steel reinforcement

m3

2,199

12,954.80

28,487,605

28,487,605

10

Reinforcement Grade 60 in item above

ton

220

166,111.52

32,890,081

3,654,453

36,544,534

1,163

6,234.47

7,250,689

7,250,689

7
8

11

Lean Concrete 1:4:8

12

Shotcrete 35mm thick-fibre reinforced

31,240

62,945.33

1,966,412,109

1,966,412,109

13

Rock bolts 3m long, with 4m spacing

No.

828

2,660.03

2,202,505

2,202,505

14

Rock Bolts 4m long with 3m spacing

No.

1,323

3,546.73

4,692,324

4,692,324

15

Steel liner - Flushing tunnels

ton

1,181

291,224.03

309,542,021

34,393,558

343,935,579

16

Rip Rap armouring in outlet area

m3

1,050

3,817.06

4,007,913

4,007,913

17

Dewatering

LS

500,000.00

500,000

500,000

18

Miscellaneous for joints of all types, Drainage, Architectural details, finishes etc. @

133,886,785.30

3,264,677.65

137,151,462.95

2,811,622,491

68,558,231

2,880,180,722

5%

Sub Total for Flushing Arrangement

Page 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.9

COST ESTIMATE - CIVIL WORKS - AFRD OPTION


Sr. No Description of Activities

Unit

Quantity

Rate

Local

Foreign

Total Amount

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

CIVIL WORKS-AFRD
CONNECTING TUNNELS TO HEADRACE

Excavation for Connecting Tunnels to Headrace Tunnel upto design


depth in Medium Hard Rock requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of
material from outside of the structure area

m3

39,546

4,813.53

171,320,271

19,035,586

190,355,857

PCC in overbreak section including placing, compacting, finishing &


curing (Ratio 1:2:4)

m3

5,932

9,015.38

53,479,234

53,479,234

Lean Concrete 1:4:8

313

6,234.47

1,951,389

1,951,389

Shotcrete 50mm thick-fibre reinforced

m3

918

62,945.33

57,783,813

57,783,813

RCC 1:1.5:3 for Linning using crushed stone aggregate (screening &
ashing) and coarse sand i/c costof all labour and material and all
kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting / pumping, curing,
rendering and finishing the exposed surface excluding steel
reinforcement

m3

6,531

12,954.80

84,607,799

84,607,799

Reinforcement Grade 60 in Linning

ton

653

166,111.52

97,623,741

10,847,082

108,470,823

Rock Bolts 4m long with 1.5-2.0m spacing

No.

3,039

3,546.73

10,778,512

10,778,512

Dewatering

LS

400,000.00

400,000

400,000

Miscellaneous for joints of all types, Drainage, Architectural details, finishes etc. @

23,897,237.95

1,494,133.40

25,391,371.35

501,841,997

31,376,801

533,218,798

5%

Sub Total for Connecting Tunnel to Headrace

Page 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.10

COST ESTIMATE - CIVIL WORKS - AFRD OPTION


Sr. No Description of Activities

Unit

Quantity

Rate

Local

Foreign

Total Amount

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

CIVIL WORKS-AFRD
HEADRACE TUNNELS / POWER TUNNELS

Excavation for Headrace Tunnel upto design depth in Medium Hard


Rock requiring 75% blasting i/c removing of material from outside of
the structure area

m3

2,102,411

6,016.92

11,385,034,915

1,265,003,879

12,650,038,794

Excavation for Headrace Tunnel upto design depth in Medium Hard


Rock requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material from outside of
the structure area

64,881

4,813.53

281,075,976

31,230,664

312,306,640

PCC in overbreak section including placing, compacting, finishing &


curing (Ratio 1:2:4)

m3

325,094

9,015.38

2,930,845,946

2,930,845,946

Lean Concrete 1:4:8

11,766

6,234.47

73,354,774

73,354,774

Shotcrete 50-75mm thick-fibre reinforced

36,072

62,945.33

2,270,563,944

2,270,563,944

RCC 1:1.5:3 for Linning using crushed stone aggregate (screening &
ashing) and coarse sand i/c cost of all labour and material and all
kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting / pumping, curing,
rendering and finishing the exposed surface excluding steel
reinforcement

m3

400,596

12,954.80

5,189,641,061

5,189,641,061

Reinforcement Grade 60 in Linning

ton

40,060

166,111.52

5,988,984,742

665,442,749

6,654,427,491

Rock Bolts 3m long with 2.5x2.5m spacing

No.

55,516

2,660.03

147,674,225

147,674,225

Rock Bolts 4m long with 1.5x2.0m spacing

No.

3,135

3,546.73

11,118,999

11,118,999

10

Adits (4 Nos.)

LS

500,000,000

450,000,000

50,000,000

500,000,000

11

Dewatering

LS

10,000,000.00

10,000,000

10,000,000

12

Miscellaneous for joints of all types, Drainage, Architectural details, finishes etc. @

2,873,829,458.20

201,167,729.20

3,074,997,187.40

31,612,124,040

2,212,845,021

33,824,969,061

10%
Sub Total for Headrace Tunnel

Page 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.11

COST ESTIMATE - CIVIL WORKS - AFRD OPTION


Sr. No Description of Activities

Unit

Quantity

Rate

Local

Foreign

Total Amount

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

CIVIL WORKS-AFRD
SURGE SHAFTS

Excavation for Surge Shaft upto design depth in Medium Hard Rock
requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material from outside of the
structure area

m3

24,192

4,813.53

104,804,026

11,644,892

116,448,918

PCC in overbreak section including placing, compacting, finishing &


curing (Ratio 1:2:4)

m3

4,838

9,015.38

43,616,408

43,616,408

1,593

62,945.33

100,271,911

100,271,911

Shotcrete 250mm thick-fibre reinforced

RCC 1:1.5:3 for Linning using crushed stone aggregate (screening &
ashing) and coarse sand i/c costof all labour and material and all
kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting / pumping, curing,
rendering and finishing the exposed surface excluding steel
reinforcement

m3

3,385

12,954.80

43,851,998

43,851,998

Reinforcement Grade 60 in Linning

ton

339

166,111.52

50,680,625

5,631,181

56,311,805

Rock Bolts 3m long with 2.5m spacing

No.

2,035

2,660.03

5,413,161

5,413,161

Consolidation Grouting after Concrete Lining

LS

1,000,000.00

1,000,000

1,000,000

Dewatering

LS

500,000.00

500,000

500,000

10

Miscellaneous for joints of all types, Drainage, Architectural details, finishes etc. @

17,506,906.45

863,803.65

18,370,710.05

367,645,035

18,139,877

385,784,911

5%
Sub Total for Surge Shaft

Page 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.12

COST ESTIMATE - CIVIL WORKS - AFRD OPTION


Sr. No Description of Activities

Unit

Quantity

Rate

Local

Foreign

Total Amount

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

CIVIL WORKS-AFRD
PRESSURE SHAFTS

Excavation for Pressure Shaft upto design depth in Medium Hard


Rock requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material from outside of
the structure area

m3

10,391

4,813.53

45,015,651

5,001,739

50,017,390

PCC in overbreak section including placing, compacting, finishing &


curing (Ratio 1:2:4)

m3

1,559

9,015.38

14,054,977

14,054,977

450

62,945.33

28,325,399

28,325,399

Shotcrete 100mm thick-fibre reinforced

RCC 1:1.5:3 for Linning using crushed stone aggregate (screening &
ashing) and coarse sand i/c costof all labour and material and all
kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting / pumping, curing,
rendering and finishing the exposed surface excluding steel
reinforcement

m3

2,467

12,954.80

31,959,492

31,959,492

Reinforcement Grade 60 in Linning

ton

247

166,111.52

36,926,591

4,102,955

41,029,545

Steel liner for Pressure Shaft 18mm thick

ton

585

291,224.03

153,329,452

17,036,606

170,366,058

Rock Bolts 3m long with 6m spacing

No.

131

2,660.03

348,464

348,464

Dewatering

LS

500,000.00

500,000

500,000

Miscellaneous for joints of all types, Drainage, Architectural details, finishes etc. @

15,523,001.30

1,307,065.00

16,830,066.25

325,983,027

27,448,365

353,431,391

5%

Sub Total for Pressure Shaft

Page 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.13

COST ESTIMATE - CIVIL WORKS - AFRD OPTION


Sr. No Description of Activities

Unit

Quantity

Rate

Local

Foreign

Total Amount

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

CIVIL WORKS-AFRD
PENSTOCKS AND MANIFOLDS

Excavation for Penstock and Manifolds upto design depth in


Medium Hard Rock requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material
from outside of the structure area

m3

11,808

4,813.53

51,154,346

5,683,816

56,838,162

PCC in overbreak section including placing, compacting, finishing &


curing (Ratio 1:2:4)

m3

1,771

9,015.38

15,966,238

15,966,238

646

62,945.33

40,662,683

40,662,683

Shotcrete 100mm thick-fibre reinforced

RCC 1:1.5:3 for Linning using crushed stone aggregate (screening &
ashing) and coarse sand i/c costof all labour and material and all
kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting / pumping, curing,
rendering and finishing the exposed surface excluding steel
reinforcement

m3

2,671

12,954.80

34,602,271

34,602,271

Reinforcement Grade 60 in Linning

ton

267

166,111.52

39,916,598

4,435,178

44,351,776

Steel liner for Penstock 18mm thick

ton

784

291,224.03

205,487,676

22,831,964

228,319,640

Rock Bolts 3m long with 6m spacing

No.

153

2,660.03

406,985

406,985

Dewatering

LS

400,000.00

400,000

400,000

Miscellaneous for joints of all types, Drainage, Architectural details, finishes etc. @

19,429,839.85

1,647,547.90

21,077,387.75

408,026,637

34,598,506

442,625,143

5%

Sub Total for Penstock and manifolds

Page 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.14

COST ESTIMATE - CIVIL WORKS - AFRD OPTION


Sr. No Description of Activities

Unit

Quantity

Rate

Local

Foreign

Total Amount

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

CIVIL WORKS-AFRD
UNDER GROUND POWER HOUSE AND TRANSFORMER CAVERN

Excavation for Powerhouse and Transformer Cavern upto design


depth in Hard Rock requiring 75% blasting i/c removing of material
from outside of the structure area

m3

227,715

6,016.92

1,233,128,644

137,014,294

1,370,142,938

Lean Concrete 1:4:8

m3

935

5,110.22

4,778,056

4,778,056

Shotcrete 25mm thick-fibre reinforced

1,370

62,945.33

86,235,102

86,235,102

RCC for Sub structures and around Draft Tubes using crushed stone
aggregate (screening & ashing) and coarse sand i/c cost of all labour
and material and all kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting /
pumping, curing, rendering and finishing the exposed surface
excluding steel reinforcement

m3

25,175

9,015.38

226,962,192

226,962,192

RCC 1:1.5:3 for walls, columns, slabs and floors using crushed stone
aggregate (screening & ashing) and coarse sand i/c cost of all labour
and material and all kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting /
pumping, curing, rendering and finishing the exposed surface
excluding steel reinforcement

m3

34,100

12,954.80

441,758,680

441,758,680

Reinforcement Grade 60 in Linning

ton

3,410

166,111.52

509,796,255

56,644,028

566,440,283

Rock Bolts

No.

4,500

3,546.73

15,960,285

15,960,285

Busduct, Cable and Ventilation Tunnel

LS

500,000,000

500,000,000

500,000,000

Dewatering

LS

200,000,000

200,000,000

200,000,000

10

Miscellaneous for joints of all types, Drainage, Architectural details, finishes etc. @

482,792,882.10

29,048,748.30

511,841,630.40

3,701,412,096

222,707,070

3,924,119,166

15%

Sub Total for Powerhouse and Transformer Cavern

Page 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.15

COST ESTIMATE - CIVIL WORKS - AFRD OPTION


Sr. No Description of Activities

Unit

Quantity

Rate

Local

Foreign

Total Amount

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

CIVIL WORKS-AFRD
FISH LADDER

Excavation for Fish Ladder upto design depth in Medium Hard Rock
requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material from outside of the
structure area

m3

6,301

1,254.79

7,115,789

790,643

7,906,432

Lean Concrete 1:4:8

m3

78

6,234.47

486,289

486,289

RCC 1:1.5:3 for Retaining and cross walls using crushed stone
aggregate (screening & ashing) and coarse sand i/c costof all labour
and material and all kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting /
pumping, curing, rendering and finishing the exposed surface
excluding steel reinforcement

m3

1,492

12,954.80

19,328,562

19,328,562

Reinforcement Grade 60 in Linning

ton

149

166,111.52

22,275,554

2,475,062

24,750,616

Dewatering

LS

500,000.00

500,000

500,000

Miscellaneous for joints of all types, Drainage, Architectural details, finishes etc. @

7,455,929.10

489,855.75

7,945,784.85

57,162,123

3,755,561

60,917,684

15%
Sub Total for Fish Ladder

Page 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.16

COST ESTIMATE - CIVIL WORKS - AFRD OPTION


Sr. No Description of Activities

Unit

Quantity

Rate

Local

Foreign

Total Amount

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

(PKR)

CIVIL WORKS-AFRD
WATER COLLECTING CHAMBER, TAILRACE TUNNEL & CHANNEL

Excavation for Water collecting Chamber upto design depth in


Medium Hard Rock requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material
from outside of the structure area

m3

8,191

3,760.57

27,722,546

3,080,283

30,802,829

Excavation for Tailrace Tunnel upto design depth in Medium Hard


Rock requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of material from outside of
the structure area

m3

910,754

3,760.57

3,082,458,753

342,495,417

3,424,954,170

Excavation for Outlet Structure and Tailrace Channel upto design


depth in Medium Hard Rock requiring 50% blasting i/c removing of
material from outside of the structure area

m3

265,370

1,254.79

299,685,260

33,298,362

332,983,622

Shotcrete 50-100mm thick-fibre reinforced (water collecting


chamber, tailrace tunnel)

m3

36,656

62,945.33

2,307,324,016

2,307,324,016

RCC 1:1.5:3 for Linning using crushed stone aggregate (screening &
ashing) and coarse sand i/c costof all labour and material and all
kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting / pumping, curing,
rendering and finishing the exposed surface excluding steel
reinforcement (water collecting chamber, tailrace tunnel)

m3

138,896

12,954.80

1,799,369,901

1,799,369,901

Reinforcement Grade 60 for item above

ton

13,890

166,111.52

2,076,560,112

230,728,901

2,307,289,013

RCC 1:1.5:3 in Piers using crushed stone aggregate (screening &


ashing) and coarse sand i/c costof all labour and material and all
kinds of form works, moulds, shuttering lifting / pumping, curing,
rendering and finishing the exposed surface excluding steel
reinforcement

m3

151

13,691.37

2,067,397

2,067,397

Reinforcement Grade 60 for item above

ton

15

166,111.52

2,242,506

249,167

2,491,673

Stainless Steel Hand Railing (Providing and Fixing angle iron railing,
using 2.5"x2.5"x3/8" angle iron post 4.5'long, 5'to 6" apart,
complete) (Water collecting chamber)

154

4,260.53

656,122

656,122

10

Rock Bolts 4m long with 1.5x2.0m spacing

No.

63,708

3,546.73

225,955,075

225,955,075

11

Dewatering

LS

5,000,000.00

5,000,000

5,000,000

12

Miscellaneous for joints of all types, Drainage, Architectural details, finishes etc. @

491,452,084.40

30,492,606.50

521,944,690.90

10,320,493,772

640,344,737

10,960,838,509

5%

Sub Total for Water collecting chamber, Tailrace Tunnel and channel

Page 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.17
COST ESTIMATE - PRELIMINARY WORKS (I)
Camps and Housing Facilities (I-2)

Type of Building

Type I
Type II
Type III Family Flats
Ground plus two floors consisting four (4)
units per floor
Type IV - Operators Hostel (Bachelor)
Ground plus two floors consisting eight
rooms (8) rooms with attached
bath/Kitchen per floor
Guest House Double Storey
with 2 bed rooms on ground and 4 bed
rooms on 1st floor
Mosque
Hospital (15 Beds) Double Storey
Shops
Office Double Storey
College Double Storey

No. of
Buildings

Covered
Area of
Each
Building

Total
Covered
Area

Plot Size / Unit

(m2)

(m2)

(m2)

2
5
1

235
135
500

470
675
1,500

400
700
1,000

500

1,500

1,000

280

1,120

700

1
1
8
1
1

500
800
90
230
1000

500
1,600
720
460
2,000

1,000
1,500
1,500
500
700

Total
Additional area for Infrastructure and other
Facilities @

10,545
20%

2,109.00

Additional area for recreational Facilities @

10%

1,054.50

Total Coverver Area

Description of Activities

13,709

Unit

Quantity

Rate
(PKR)

Total Amount
(PKR)

Construction Cost for Buildings


Construction Cost for Infrastructure and
other Facilities.

10,545

50,000

527,250,000

2,109.0

35,000

73,815,000

Construction Cost for recreational Facilities.

1,054.5

25,000

26,362,500

Total for Camps and Housing Facilities

627,427,500

Sheet 1 of 1

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT (377MW)


TABLE - 7.18
COST ESTIMATE - ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL WORKS (III)
Schedules of Rates and Prices (April 30, 2014)
Sr. No
III
III-1
1001
1002
1003
1004

Description

Unit Qty

Electrical and Mechanical Works


Hydraulic Steel Works
Trash Racks
Trash Rack Cleaner
Stoplog Sets
All types of Gates

Lot.
Set
Lot.
Lot.

1
1
1
1

Rate
(Pak. Rs.)

50,000,000
175,000,000
25,000,000
1,000,000,000

Sub Total -1
III-2
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105

Hydro-Mechanical Equipment
Francis Turbines (4 x 94.319=377.28 MW)
Governor
Powerhouse crane , Mobile Crane
and Draft tube monorail hoist
Butterfly inlet Valves
Pressure Relief Valves

Powerhouse Mechanical Equipment


Cooling System
Fire Fighting and Alarm System
Drainage & Dewatering
High & Low Pressure Air
Ventilation & Air Conditioning
Workshop Equipment
Water Level Measuring Devices
Essential Spare Parts
Miscellaneous Mechanical System

Total Amount
(Pak. Rs.)

2,500,000
8,750,000
1,250,000
50,000,000

47,500,000
166,250,000
23,750,000
950,000,000

50,000,000
175,000,000
25,000,000
1,000,000,000

62,500,000

1,187,500,000

1,250,000,000

1
1

4,000,000,000
562,500,000

4,000,000,000
562,500,000

4,000,000,000
562,500,000

Lot.
Lot.
Lot.

1
1
1

360,000,000
2,060,000,000
125,000,000

360,000,000
2,060,000,000
125,000,000

360,000,000
2,060,000,000
125,000,000

7,107,500,000

7,107,500,000

30,000,000
50,000,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
1,250,000
3,750,000
1,000,000
41,250,000
2,500,000

570,000,000
950,000,000
19,000,000
95,000,000
23,750,000
71,250,000
19,000,000
783,750,000
47,500,000

600,000,000
1,000,000,000
20,000,000
100,000,000
25,000,000
75,000,000
20,000,000
825,000,000
50,000,000

135,750,000

2,579,250,000

2,715,000,000

198,250,000

10,874,250,000

11,072,500,000

L.S.
L.S.
L.S.
L.S.
L.S.
L.S.
Lot.
Lot.
L.S.

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

600,000,000
1,000,000,000
20,000,000
100,000,000
25,000,000
75,000,000
20,000,000
825,000,000
50,000,000

Sub Total - 3
Sub Total - 4 (Mechanical Works Cost)
III-4
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312

Foreign
Amount
(Pak. Rs.)

Lot.
Lot.

Sub Total - 2
III-3
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209

Local
Amount
(Pak. Rs.)

III-5

Powerhouse Electrical Equipment


Generator, Exciter and Auxiliaries (4 No.)
Main Transformer
Auxiliary Transformer
MV/LV Switch Gears
SCADA System
D.C Supply
Earthling System
Emergency D.G.Set
Measuring & Protection
Telecommunication Equipment
Lighting and Clock
Essential Spare Parts
Sub-station / Switchyard (500/220/132/11 KV)
(Including Civil Works)

III-6

Transmission Line
No Transmission Line for Gahrait included.

KM

III-7

Interconnection Works i.e. Separate bay in existing


nearby WAPDA/ National Grid Station.

L.S.

Lot.
Lot.
Lot.
L.S.
L.S.
L.S.
L.S.
Nos
L.S.
L.S.
L.S.
Lot.

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

4,500,000,000
1,000,000,000
600,000,000
700,000,000
1,000,000,000
300,000,000
400,000,000
100,000,000
150,000,000
200,000,000
150,000,000
900,000,000

200,000,000
120,000,000
-

4,500,000,000
800,000,000
480,000,000
700,000,000
1,000,000,000
300,000,000
400,000,000
100,000,000
150,000,000
200,000,000
150,000,000
900,000,000

4,500,000,000
1,000,000,000
600,000,000
700,000,000
1,000,000,000
300,000,000
400,000,000
100,000,000
150,000,000
200,000,000
150,000,000
900,000,000

L.S.

7,038,958,080

1,407,791,616

5,631,166,464

7,038,958,080

1,727,791,616

15,311,166,464

17,038,958,080

Sub Total - 5

Sub Total -6
Sub Total - 7 Electrical Works Cost)
Sub Total -8 (E&M Cost)
III-8

Transportation and Erection Charges @ 6%


Total E & M Work Cost - D

1,727,791,616

15,311,166,464

17,038,958,080

1,926,041,616

26,185,416,464

28,111,458,080

115,562,497

1,571,124,988

1,686,687,485

2,041,604,113

27,756,541,452

29,798,145,565

TABLE - 9.1
Energy Sales, Generation and Peak Demand (2000-2012)
Year

Energy Sales

Energy Generation

Peak Demand

Load Factor

(GWh/a)

(GWh/a)

(MW)

2000

40,910

55,873

9,609

0.658

2001

43,384

58,455

10,128

0.659

2002

45,204

60,860

10,459

0.664

2003

47,421

64,040

11,044

0.662

2004

51,492

69,094

11,527

0.684

2005

55,342

73,520

12,385

0.678

2006

62,405

82,225

13,066

0.718

2007

67,480

87,837

13,645

0.735

2008

66,539

86,269

14,151

0.696

2009

65,286

84,377

14,055

0.685

2010

68,878

88,921

14,309

0.709

2011

71,672

90,575

14,468

0.715

2012

71,368

89,721

15,062

0.680

Source: Electricity Demand Forecast Report (2011 TO 2035) By Pepco, NTDC Pakistan.

TABLE -9.2
Electricity Demand Projections (2011-2035)

Year
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035

Peak Demand GrowthRate


(MW)
19,340
(2011-2015)
20,436
7.80% p a
21,766
23,097
24,513
26,290
(2016-2020)
27,679
8.90% p a
29,424
31,464
33,691
36,104
(2021-2025)
38,666
41,368
44,214
47,185
50,272
53,477
56,783
60,183
63,673
67,429
71,417
75,647
80,160
84,949

8.50% p a

(2026-2030)
7.10% p a

(2031-2035)
6.50% p a

Energy
Generated
(GWh/a)
115,902
124,415
133,839
144,356
156,329
171,483
184,383
199,966
218,013
237,646
258,759
281,129
304,715
329,442
355,260
381,961
409,601
437,915
466,898
496,534
528,160
561,689
597,254
635,083
675,273

GrowthRate LoadFactor
(2011-2015)
7.60% p a

(2016-2020)
8.70% p a

(2021-2025)
8.40% p a

(2026-2030)
6.90% p a

(2031-2035)
6.30% p a

0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.67
0.67
0.67
0.67
0.67

Source: Electricity Demand Forecast Report (2011 TO 2035) By Pepco, NTDC Pakistan.

TABLE 11.1:

Land Acquisition for Gahrait Swir Lasht HPP (in Kanal)


Sr.
No.

Structure/Item

Cultivable

Permanent Land Acquisition


1
Reservoir (HFL, 1342 masl)
Dam, Power Intake, Sand Trap, Diversion
2
Scheme and Allied Structures
3
Flushing Tunnels (Underground)
Powerhouse, Surge Tank, Penstock
4
(Underground)
6
Tailrace Tunnel (Underground), Tailrace Channel
5
Switch Yard
7
Access Road for Dam Site (W=8 m x L=1500 m)
Access Road for Powerhouse Site (W=8 m x
8
L=3000 m)*
9
Access Tunnel For Powerhouse Site
10
Colony at Dam site
11
Power Tunnel Area (Underground, 14.6 Km Long)
Total
Temporary Land Acquisition
1
Contractor's Camp at Dam Site
2
Contractor's Camp at Powerhouse Site
3
Haul Roads (W=8m x L=6000m)
4
Spoil Disposal**
Total
2

Proprietary Land
Cultivable
Residential
Waste

Waste

State Land
River
Waste
Bed

Total

183

13

17

45

2,534

801

3,593

451.4

451

110.9

111

48.8

49

175
5
8

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

570
0
15.7

0
0
0

745
5
24

130

130

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
42
0

200
0
2,919

0
0
0

200
42
2,919

371

13

17

87

6,980

801

8,269

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

25
25
0
0

0
0
0
30

0
0
0
0

25
25
0
30

50

30

80

Note: All areas are in Kanal, 1 Kanal = 506 m


*Existing Tracts will be used and upgrade
**Spoil Disposal Area proposed near Village Jingerat 13 Km downstream from Dam Site & 5 Km Upstream from Powerhouse Site

TABLE 11.2:
Details of Affected Structures at High Flood Level

TABLE 11.3:

Details of Affected Trees


Shade
Trees

No. of
Total
Affected
Trees

% of
Total
Affected
Trees

Fruit Trees

No. of
Total
Affected
Trees

% of
Total
Affected
Trees

Kail

11

7.1

Apple

15

7.0

Poplar

35

Kao

20

22.6

Walnut

85

39.5

12.9

Peaches

24

11.2

Rubania

49

31.6

Pear

23

10.7

Bakian

32

20.6

Persimmon

15

7.0

Chinar

3.2

Pomegranate

36

16.7

Other
Total

3
155

1.9
100

Apricot
Total

17
215

7.9
100
370.0

Total

TABLE 11.4:
Environmental Management Plan of Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydro Power Project
Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

Responsibilities
Description

Mitigation Measures

Mitigation Strategy

Payment of compensation
for acquisition of land at
current market price or
negotiated price as defined
in Land Acquisition Act

Compensation to the level


of restoration in accordance
with Asian Development
Bank Policy Statement
2009 & 2010/The World
Bank Guidelines/Land
Acquisition Act 1894/RP of
Pakistan 2002 Draft

Deputy
Director (DD)
in charge of the
land acquisition
and
resettlement
operations/
Land Revenue
Department
(LAC)

Compensation to the level


of restoration in accordance
with Asian Development
Bank Policy Statement
2009 & 2010/The World
Bank Guidelines/Land

Deputy
Director (DD)
in charge of the
land acquisition
and
resettlement

Execution

Monitoring

Indicator Key
Performance

PRE CONSTRUCTION & CONSTRUCTION CONSIDERATIONS


1. Land
Resources

1.1

Land
Acquisition

Permanent Land
Acquisition for:
Reservoir impounding
3,593 kanal.
Construction of Dam &
allied structures 562
kanal.
Powerhouse area 799
kanal.

Prompt payment to
affectees before start of
construction work.

Access/ Maintenance
Roads 154 kanal.

*Ensure transparency in land


acquisition process

Colonies and Offices 42


kanal.

Temporary Land
Acquisition for:
Construction camps at
dam and powerhouse site
50 kanal.

1.2

Loss of
Structures

Spoil area for excavated


material 30 kanal.
12 Residential Structures
at reservoir area will be
affected.

PEDO /
Monitoring
consultants

Non
Compliance
with land
acquisition
plan.

Job opportunities to
affectees and locals.
Temporary land will be hired
on rental basis after
negotiation with the owner
30,000/year is
recommended.
Prompt payment to
affectees before start of
construction work
Job opportunities to
affectees and locals
12 residential unit will be
relocated to higher elevation
and these will be paid
replacement cost basis, after
consultation with the official
department. Type A unit will

PEDO /
Monitoring
consultants

Non Compliance
with land
acquisition
plan.

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

Responsibilities
Description

Monitoring

Indicator Key
Performance

N/A

N/A

N/A

Deputy
Director (DD)
in charge of the
land acquisition
and
resettlement
operations/
Land Revenue
Department
(LAC)
Contractor

PEDO /
Monitoring
consultants

Non Compliance
with land
acquisition
plan.

PEDO

Non Compliance
with Waste
Management
Plans.

Mitigation Measures

Mitigation Strategy

be paid Rs 1600/sq. ft, Type


B 800/sq. ft and Type C with
500/sq. ft. Prompt payment
to affectees before start of
construction work.

acquisition Act 1894/RP of


Pakistan 2002 Draft.

operations/
Land Revenue
Department
(LAC)

N/A

Job opportunities to
affectees and locals.
N/A

Execution

1.3

Loss of
Commercial
Assets

no commercial Assets
will impacted

1.4

Loss of
community
structure

Two mosqueswill be
impacted at reservoir
area.

Both the mosques has Type


B construction material
hence Rs. 800/sq.ft will be
paid on the replacement cost
basis

Compensation to the level


of restoration in accordance
with Asian Development
Bank Policy Statement
2009 & 2010/The World
Bank Guidelines/Land
acquisition Act 1894/RP of
Pakistan 2002 Draft.

1.5

Slope
Instability

Good engineering practices


will help in controlling soil
erosion.

Grading, compaction,
pitching, retaining
structures and terracing.

1.6

Disposal of
excavated
material

If hillside or valley side


slopes are left unprotected
these will be subject to a
natural weathering and
become increasingly
prone to land sliding.
Land pollution will be
activated due to
haphazard disposal of
debris spoil material.

Identification of re-use of
excavated material on site,
to reduce off- site effects.

Prepare comprehensive
Waste Management Plan,
Erosion and Sediment
Control Plan.

Contractor

PEDO

Non Compliance
with Waste
Management
Plans.

Compliance with Fuels and


Hazardous Substances
Management Plan.

Contractor

Supervision
Consultant,
PEDO

Non Compliance
with Waste
Management

All excavated materials to


be disposed of in designated
sites.

1.7

Soil
Contamination

Land may be
contaminated by the
spillage of chemicals like
fuels, solvents, oils, paints

The contractor will be


required to train its workforce
in the storage and handling
of materials like furnace oil,

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

2. Water
Resources

Responsibilities
Description

Mitigation Measures

and other construction


chemicals and concrete.

diesel, petrol and chemicals,


etc., that can potentially
cause soil contamination.
3
15 m / s were the
recommended mean monthly
ecological or residual flow
which also covers river water
usage for the community as
well. The project has
adopted this figure for
energy calculation of the
project.
Follow the waste
management plan.

2.1

Depletion of
the river flow

No use river water for


irrigation purpose
3
Discharge of 15 m /s is
recommended ecological
flow needed to maintain
the downstream
ecosystem.

2.2

Hazardous
Material and
Waste in water
bodies

Water pollution from the


storage, handling and
disposal of hazardous
materials and general
Construction waste and
accidental spillage.

Discharge from
construction
sites in water
bodies

During construction both


surface and groundwater
quality may be
deteriorated due to
construction activities in
the river, sewerages from
construction sites and
work camps.

2.3

The change in
hydrological regime leads
to increased rate of runoff
and in sediment and
contaminant loading,
increased flooding,
groundwater
contamination, and effect
habitat of fish and other

Minimize the generation of


sediment, oil and grease,
excess nutrients, organic
matter, litter, debris and any
form of waste (particularly
petroleum and chemical
wastes). These substances
must not enter waterways, or
underground water tables.
Install temporary drainage
works (channels and bunds)
in areas required for
sediment and erosion control
and around storage areas for
construction materials.
Divert runoff from
undisturbed areas around
the construction site.
Stockpile materials away
from drainage lines.
Prevent all solid and liquid
wastes entering waterways
by collecting solid waste,
oils, chemicals, bitumen

Mitigation Strategy

Execution

Monitoring

Indicator Key
Performance
Plans.

Easy access of good water


Quality and Quantity.

Contractor

Supervision
Consultant,
PEDO

Approved
Plan.

Compliance with
NEQS/ADB/ World Bank
Guidelines for on-site waste
treatment and disposal
facilities.

Contractor

PEDO

Noncompliance
with waste
management
plan.

Compliance with
NEQS/ADB/ World Bank
Guidelines for on-site waste
treatment and disposal
facilities.

Contractor

PEDO

Noncompliance
with waste
management
plan.

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

2.4

Construction
activities in or
near water
bodies

Responsibilities
Description

Mitigation Measures

aquatic biology.

spray waste and


wastewaters from brick,
concrete and asphalt cutting
where possible and transport
to approved waste disposal
site or recycling depot.

Construction works in
the water bodies will
increase sediment and
contaminant loading, and
effect habitat of fish and
other aquatic biology.

Wash out ready-mix


concrete agitators and
concrete handling equipment
at washing facilities off site
or into approved bounded
areas on site. Ensure that
tires of construction vehicles
are cleaned in the washing
bay (constructed at the
entrance of the construction
site) to remove the mud from
the wheels. This should be
done in every exit of each
construction vehicle to
ensure the local roads are
kept clean.
Dewater sites by pumping
water to a sediment basin
prior to release off site.
do not pump directly off
site.
Protect water bodies from
sediment loads by silt screen
or bubble curtains or other
barriers.
Minimize the generation of
sediment, oil and grease,
excess nutrients, organic
matter, litter, debris and any
form of waste (particularly
Petroleum and chemical

Mitigation Strategy

Compliance with
NEQS/ADB/ World Bank
Guidelines for on-site waste
treatment and disposal
facilities.

Execution

Monitoring

Contractor

PEDO

Indicator Key
Performance

Noncompliance
with waste
management
plan.

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

Responsibilities
Description

Mitigation Measures

Mitigation Strategy

Indicator Key
Performance

Execution

Monitoring

Easy access to good water


quality.

Contractor

Local
Government
/ PEDO

Approved
Plan.

Contractors traffic
management plan.

Contractor

PEDO

Noncompliance
with waste
management
plan and
NEQS.

wastes). These substances


must not enter waterways or
underground water tables.
Use environment friendly
and non - toxic slurry during
construction of piles to
discharge into the river.

3 .Ambient
Air Quality

2.5

Use of Local
Water Supplies

3.1

Construction
vehicular traffic

Local water supplies


through the springs may
be affected due to
implementation of project
both in quantity as well as
quality.
Air quality can be
adversely affected by
vehicle exhaust emissions
and combustion of fuels.

Do not discharge cement


and water curing used for
cement concrete directly into
water courses and drainage
inlets.
As per Local Government
Act, the contractor will seek
approval from the local
government for exploitation
of the water resources
Fit vehicles with
appropriate exhaust systems
and emission control
devices, in compliance with
the NEQS. Maintain these
devices in good working
condition.
Operate the vehicles in a
fuel efficient manner.
Cover haul vehicles
carrying dusty materials
moving outside the
construction site.
Impose speed limits on all
vehicle movement at the
worksite to reduce dust
emissions.
Control the movement of
construction traffic.

Compliance with NEQS.

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

Responsibilities
Description

Mitigation Measures

Mitigation Strategy

Indicator Key
Performance

Execution

Monitoring

Enforcement of air
standards as per NEQS.

Contractor

PEDO

Noncompliance
with NEQS.

Enforcement of air
standards as per NEQS.

Contractor

PEDO

Noncompliance
with NEQS.

Water the construction


materials prior to loading and
transport.
Service all vehicles
regularly to minimize
emissions.

3.2

Construction
machinery

Air quality can be


adversely affected by
emissions from machinery
and combustion of fuels.

Limit the idling time of


vehicles not more than 2
minutes.
Fit machinery with
appropriate exhaust systems
and emission control
devices.
Maintain these devices in
good working condition.
Focus special attention on
containing the emissions
from generators.
Machinery causing excess
pollution (e.g. visible smoke)
will be banned from
construction sites.

3.3

Construction
activities

Dust generation from


construction sites,
material stockpiles and
access roads is a
nuisance
in the environment and
can be a health hazard

Service all equipment


regularly to minimize
emissions.
Water the material
stockpiles, access roads and
bare soils on an as required
basis to minimize the
potential for environmental
nuisance due to dust.
Increase the watering
frequency during periods of

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

Responsibilities
Description

Mitigation Measures

Mitigation Strategy

Indicator Key
Performance

Execution

Monitoring

Contractor

PEDO

Lack of any
non compliance
reports.

Contractor

PEDO

Lack of any
non compliance
reports.

high risk (e.g. high winds).


Fugitive dust emissions will
be minimized by appropriate
methods, such as spraying
water on soil, where required
and appropriate.
Reschedule earthwork
activities or vegetation
clearing activities, where
practical, if necessary to
avoid during periods of high
wind and if visible dust is
blowing off-site.

4. Noise and
Vibration
Management

4.1

4.2

Construction
vehicular traffic

Construction
machinery

Noise quality will be


deteriorated due to
vehicular traffic.

Noise and vibration may


have an impact on people,
property, fauna, livestock
and the natural
environment.

Restore disturbed areas as


soon as practicable by
vegetation/grass turfing.
Maintain all vehicles in
order to keep it in good
working order in accordance
with manufactures
maintenance procedures.
Make sure all drivers will
comply with the traffic codes
concerning maximum speed
limit, driving hours, etc.
Generators and vehicles
will have exhaust mufflers
(silencers) to minimize noise
generation.
Modify equipment to
reduce noise (for example,
noise control kits, lining of
truck trays or pipelines).
Maintain all equipment in
order to keep it in good

Enforcement of Noise
standards as per NEQS.
Follow Pak-EPA and WHO
guideline values for
community noise in specific
environment.

Enforcement of noise
standards by contractor.
Follow Pak-EPA and
WHO guideline values for
community noise in specific
environment.
.Use ear pads to protect
damage to ear when noise
level is more than 80 db.

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

Responsibilities
Description

Mitigation Measures

Mitigation Strategy

Indicator Key
Performance

Execution

Monitoring

Contractor

PEDO

Lack of any
noncomplianc
e reports

Contractor

PEDO

Non
compliance
with approved
Plan.

Contractor

PEDO

Non
compliance
with approved
Plan.

working order in accordance


with manufactures
maintenance procedures.
Install acoustic enclosures
around generators to reduce
noise levels.

4.3

5. Biological
Environment

5.1

5.2

NEQS compliance will be


ensured.
Controlled blasting and
excavation and orderly
dumping of excavated
material under cover of
moisture Ensure blasting
during daytime.

Blasting and
hauling

Destruction of
Vegetation

Vegetation
loss; threat to
wildlife

About 370 trees have to


be cut.

Local flora are important


to provide shelters for the
birds, offer fruits and/or
timber/fire wood, protect
soil erosion and overall
keep the environment very
friendly to human living.

Any blasting during night


time (2200-0700 hrs) to be
prohibited within a distance
of 200 m from houses and
settlements.
Plantation programme.
Planting at least 5 trees for
the one removed.

The camp will be


established in a natural
clearing, outside forested
areas.
Complete record will be
maintained for any tree
cutting.

Enforcement of noise
standards by contractor.

Follow Pak-EPA and WHO


guideline values for
community noise in specific
environment.

Fair/negotiated
compensation to tree
owners.
Vegetation and
reforestation and tree
plantation under annual
tree plantation campaigns
of the provincial
governments
Get approval from
supervision consultant for
clearance of vegetation.

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

Responsibilities
Description

Mitigation Measures

As such damage to flora


has wide range of adverse
environmental impacts.

Provide adequate
knowledge to the workers
regarding nature protection
and the need of avoid felling
trees during construction.

Clearance of vegetation
may impact shelter,
feeding and/or breeding
and/or physical
destruction and severing
of habitat areas.
5.3

Endangered
Species

-------

5.4

Impacts on
Fauna near
camps &
colony area.

The location of
construction activities can
result in the loss of wild
life habitat and habitat
quality,

Impact on migratory
birds, its habitat and its
active nests.

The construction crew will


be provided with LPG as
cooking (and heating, if
required) fuel.
Use of fuel wood will not be
allowed.
------- Limit the construction
works within the designated
sites allocated to the
contractors.
check the site for animals
trapped in, or in
danger from site works and
use a qualified
person to relocate the animal
Not be permitted to
destruct active nests or eggs
of migratory birds.
Minimize the tree removal
during the bird breeding
season. If works must be
continued during the bird
breeding season, a nest
survey will be conducted by
a qualified biologist prior to
commence of works to
identify and locate active
nests.
Minimize the release of oil,

Execution

Monitoring

Indicator Key
Performance

----------

---------

--------

--------

Creating awareness and


Imparting training to
construction crew to avoid
loss of fauna, birds and
animals habitat.

Contractor

PEDO

Non
compliance
with approved
Plan.

Mitigation Strategy

Creating awareness and


imparting training to
construction crew to avoid
loss of fauna, birds and
animals habitat.

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

Responsibilities
Description

5.5

Construction
Camps and
Wild Life

Illegal poaching

5.6

Aquatic flora
and fauna

The main potential


impacts to fisheries are
hydrocarbon spills and
disposal of wastes into the
river.

Mitigation Measures
oil wastes or any other
substances harmful to
migratory birds to any waters
or any areas frequented by
migratory birds.
Provide adequate
knowledge to the workers
regarding protection of flora
and fauna, and relevant
government regulations and
punishments for illegal
poaching.
Fish ladder will be
constructed for the
conservation of aquatic
fauna.
Ensure that if boats used in
the project are well
maintained and do not have
oil leakage to contaminate
river water.
Contain accidental spillage
and make an emergency oil
spill containment plan to be
supported with enough
equipments, materials and
human resources.

The main potential


impacts to aquatic flora
and Fauna River are
increased suspended
solids from earthworks
erosion, sanitary
discharge from work

Do not dump wastes, be it


hazardous or non-hazardous
into the nearby water bodies
or in the river.
Strictly follow Water
Resources Management and
Drainage Management Plan.

Mitigation Strategy

Indicator Key
Performance

Execution

Monitoring

Creating awareness and


imparting training to
construction crew to avoid
loss of fauna, birds and
animals habitat.

Contractor

PEDO

Non
compliance
with approved
Plan.

Creating awareness and


imparting training to
construction crew to avoid
loss of fauna, birds and
animals habitat.

Contractor

PEDO

Non
compliance
with approved
Plan.

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

6. Social
Impact

6.1

6.2

6.3

Standard of
living of
resettled
people
Village water
supply

Impacts on
Local
Communities/
Work force

6.4

Social
disruption

6.5

Safety and
noise hazards

Responsibilities
Description
camps, and hydrocarbon
spills.
Social disruption and
decrease in standard of
living of resettled people.
Reduction or stress on
water resource of
community needs.
Effect on general
mobility.
Accessibility of the local
population to the valley
access road.

The presence of outside


construction workers
inevitably causes some
degree of social disruption.

The night time working


will be having intrinsic
problems relating to safety
and noise hazards for the
communities.

Mitigation Measures

Mitigation Strategy

Uplift of standard of living


by ensuring access to parks,
provision of health and social
services. Adequate
compensation of lost assets.
Construction of water tanks
to collect spring water for
distribution in the village.
The contractor will ensure
that the mobility of the local
communities, particularly
women and children and
their livestock is not hindered
by the construction activities.
The contractor will provide
crossing points at the project
structure specially dam site
at appropriate places.
The Contractor will be
required to maintain close
liaison with the local
communities to ensure that
any potential conflicts related
to common resource
utilization for the project
purposes are resolved
quickly.
It is desirable that the night
time working may be avoided
at places where settlements
are very close to the
construction sites.
The Contractor will share
the plan and schedule of
night time working with the
Supervision Consultants for

Indicator Key
Performance

Execution

Monitoring

Adequate Compensation
provided in the resettlement
plan. There would be Social
uplift programme prepared
by the contractor.
Easy access of good water
Quality.

Contractor

PEDO

Contractor

Supervision
Consultant /
PEDO

Ease in mobility of local


community.

Contractor

Supervision
Consultant /
PEDO

Strictly follow the code of


conduct of work force.

Contractor

Supervision
Consultant /
PEDO

Lack of any
noncomplianc
e reports; lack
of any
complaints.

Follow Pak-EPA and WHO


guideline values for
community noise in specific
environment.

Contractor

Supervision
Consultant /
PEDO

Lack of any
noncomplianc
e reports; lack
of any
complaints.

Lack of any
noncomplianc
e reports; lack
of any
complaints.
Lack of any
noncomplianc
e reports; lack
of any
complaints.
Lack of any
noncomplianc
e reports; lack
of any
complaints.

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

Responsibilities
Description

Mitigation Measures

Mitigation Strategy

Execution

Monitoring

Indicator Key
Performance

---------

-------

------

Contractor

Supervision
Consultant /
PEDO

approval.
The contractor will ensure
that blasting is not carried
out in the near vicinity of the
settlements and village
tracks that are very
frequently used. Here only
excavators will be used.

6.6

Loss of Income

-------

Effective construction
controls by the Contractor to
avoid inconvenience to the
locals due to noise, smoke
and fugitive dust. The
contractor will frequently
sprinkle water at the work
areas and haul tracks to
avoid generation of fugitive
dust. The frequency of
sprinkling will be determined
by the weather condition.
During long spell of hot and
dry weather the sprinkling
will be done at 2 to 3 hours
interval.
---------

6.7

Gender Issues

The rural women actively


participate in outdoor
socio-economic activities
such as livestock rearing,
bringing of potable water,
etc which may also be
affected by the project
activities.

The Contractor will have to


select specific timings for the
construction activities
particularly near the
settlements, so as to cause
least disturbance to the local
population particularly
women.

The induction of outside


labor may create social
and gender issues due to
the unawareness of local
customs and norms.

Contractor will warn the


staff strictly not to involve in
any un-ethical activities and
to obey the local norms and
cultural restrictions

----------

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

6.8

6.9

Indigenous and
Vulnerable
Households
Safety Hazards

Responsibilities
Execution

Monitoring

Indicator Key
Performance

----------

---------

-------

------

An HSE management plan


will be prepared.

Contractor

Supervision
Consultant /
PEDO

Non compliance
with approved
plan

Description

Mitigation Measures

Mitigation Strategy

-------

particularly with reference to


women.
---------

Occurrence of
accidents/incidents during
the construction activities.

Complying with the safety


precautions for construction
workers as per International
Labour Organization (ILO)
Convention No. 62, as far as
applicable to the project
contract.
Protective fencing to be
installed around the Camp to
avoid any accidents.
The camp staff will be
provided fire - fighting
training and firefighting
equipment will be made
available at the camps.
All safety precautions will
be taken to transport, handle
and store hazardous
substances, such as fuel.

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources
6.10

Religious,
Cultural and
Historical Sites

Responsibilities
Execution

Monitoring

Indicator Key
Performance

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Ease in mobility of local


community.

Contractor

Supervision
Consultant /
PEDO

Lack of any
noncomplianc
e reports; lack
of any
complaints.

Description

Mitigation Measures

Mitigation Strategy

No historical or
archeological site has
been observed along the
Project corridor.

N/A

Disturbance from
construction works to the
cultural and religious sites,
and contractors lack of
knowledge on cultural
issues cause social
disturbances.

Do not block access to


cultural and religious sites,
wherever possible.
Stop construction works
that produce noise
(particularly during prayer
time) should there be any
mosque/religious/educational
institutions close to the
construction sites and users
make objections.
Take special care and use
appropriate equipment when
working next to a
cultural/religious institution.
Stop work immediately and
notify the site manager if,
during construction, an
archaeological or burial site
is discovered. It is an offence
to recommence work in the
vicinity of the site until
approval to continue is given
by the relevant authority
(i.e.PMU).
Provide separate prayer
facilities to the construction
workers.
Show appropriate behavior
with all construction workers
especially women and
elderly people.

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

Responsibilities
Description

Mitigation Measures

Mitigation Strategy

Execution

Monitoring

Indicator Key
Performance

Allow the workers to


participate in praying during
construction time.
Resolve cultural issues in
consultation with local
leaders and supervision
consultants.
Establish a mechanism that
allows local people to raise
Grievances arising from the
construction process.

6.11

Graveyard

125 graves relocated.

These Graves have to be


shifted. The proponent will
obtain Fatwa from local Mufti
before shifting the graves.
During such operation the
proponent will inform local
administration and seek their
assistance for security. The
request will also be extended
to Health Department for
deputation of medical and
paramedical staff during the
operation.

Creating social harmony


among the locals and
proponents.

Contractor

Supervision
Consultant /
PEDO/
Local
religious
leader

Non compliance
with approved
plan

Reduction in cultivated
land.

Increase of productivity
through improved
management of land
(agricultural, range, forestry

Minimum land taken for the


project implementation.

PEDO

EPA

Non
compliance
with approved
Plan.

For Operation/Maintenance Phase


1. Land
Resources

1.1

Land
acquisition

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

1.2

Sedimentation

Responsibilities
Description

Sedimentation of
reservoir and loss of
storage capacity.

Mitigation Measures
improvements) to offset
effects of land taken for
project implementation.
Control of land use in
watershed (especially
prevention of conversion of
forests to agriculture).
Reforestation and/or soil
conservation activities in
watersheds.

2. Water
resources

1.3

Waste

Waste from powerhouse


area and colony area.

2.1

Proliferation of
aquatic weeds

Proliferation of aquatic
weeds in reservoir and
downstream impairing
dam discharge and
fisheries which might
cause Eutrophication.

Mitigation Strategy

Watershed management to
control deforestation.

Indicator Key
Performance

Execution

Monitoring

PEDO

Forest
Deptt.

Non
compliance
with approved
Plan.

Non
compliance
with approved
Plan.
Non
compliance
with approved
Plan.

Watershed management to
promote reforestation and
soil conservation activities.

Hydraulic removal of
sediments (flushing, sluicing,
release of density currents).
Adherence to the Waste
Management Plan and
measures put in place.

Under sluicing provided.

Compliance with waste


management plan.

PEDO

EPA

Clearance of woody
vegetation from inundation
zone prior to flooding
Provide weed control
measures Harvest of weeds
for compost or fodder.

Development of fishery in
the reservoir creating
opportunities of income for
local population.

PEDO

EPA

In the absence of nutrients


and high oxygen contents,
no Eutrophication is
foreseen.
Clearance of woody
vegetation from inundation
zone prior to flooding.

Cutting of necessary
trees/shrubs/ grasses etc.
in inundation zone.

PEDO/ Forest
Deptt.

EPA

Control of land uses,


wastewater discharges, and
agricultural chemical use in

Watershed monitoring and


management for water
pollution control.

Regulation of water
discharge and manipulation
of water levels to discourage
weed growth.

2.2

Water quality

Deterioration of water
quality in reservoir.

Non
compliance
with approved
Plan.

Environmental
Impact/ Impact
Source

Resources

Responsibilities
Description

Mitigation Measures

Mitigation Strategy

Execution

Monitoring

Indicator Key
Performance

watershed.
Limit retention time of water
in Reservoir.
Provision for multi-level
releases to avoid discharge
of anoxic water.

Reservoir operation to be
coordinated with
management of river
discharges/ outflows for
energy generation Under
sluicing Provided.

Poor land use practices


in catchments areas
above reservoir resulting
in increased siltation and
changes in water quality.
------

Afforestation programmes
to be urged/ promoted by
PEDO.

Forest Deptt, has regular


working plans to preserve
the area and to control silt
loss by tree plantation.

------

----------

PEDO

Fishery
Deptt

3. Biological
Resources

3.1

Riverine
fisheries

4. Human
Resources

4.1

Water Use

Conflicting demands for


water use.

As per Local Government


Act, the PEDO will seek
approval from the local
government for exploitation
of the water resources

Easy access of good water


Quality and Quantity.

PEDO

Monitoring
Consultant/
EPA

4.2

Water-related
diseases

Increase of water-related
diseases

Vector control

PEDO

Health
Deptt.

4.3

Community
Protection

Reservoir bank stability.

Plantation of trees along


the banks and construction
of spurs where Required.

Vector control and


treatment discussed for a
public health protection
plan.
To enhance the reservoir
Life.

Contractor

PEDO

Noise and Vibration


to Occupational
Workers

Compliance with
Occupational Health &
Safety standards.

Snagging of fishing nets


in submerged vegetation
in reservoir.

Construction of water tanks


to collect spring water for
distribution in the village.

At present no fishing
activity exists.

PEDO

4.4

Fishing

Non
compliance
with approved
Plan.
Irrigation
releases to
remain
consistent
during
operation.
Non
compliance
with approved
Plan.
Monitoring of
compliance
with Health &
Safety
standards
(including
monthly
reporting of
accidents).
Non
compliance
with Plan.

TABLE 11.5:

Estimated Environmental Cost

Table 11.6
Alternative Thermal Power Plant Cost Summary
Combined Cycle
Combined Cycle
Description

Plant with
Plant with Gas
Furnace Oil

Capital Cost, Excluding Interest during Construction (US$/kW)

1,162

2,036

Implementation Period (Years)

4.00

4.00

2.03%

2.03%

Sent Out Efficiency (%)

49%

43.7%

O&M Cost

3.0%

3.0%

Fuel Cost (Rs./kWh)

9.06

16.88

Equipment Life (Years)

25.00

25.00

Auxiliary Consumption (%)

Source:

1/ Commodity Priced Data World Bank


2/ Projection of Fuel Prices by World Bank

TABLE 11.7
ECONOMIC ANALYSIS USING COMBINED CYCLE PLANT WITH FURNACE OIL AS THERMAL EQUIVALENT
GAHRAIT SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT
Rs. Million
YEAR

YEAR OF
OPERATION CAPITAL COST

PROJECT COSTS
REFURB.
COST

O&M COST

COSTS OF EQ.THERMAL PLANT


TOTAL

CAPITAL
COST

REFURB.
COST

O&M COST

FUEL COST

TOTAL

CDM

TOTAL

BENEFITS

BENEFITS

NET BENEFITS

2,952.428

2,952.428

(2,952.428)

4,920.723

4,920.723

(4,920.723)

9,841.427

9,841.427

(9,841.427)

14,762.145

14,762.145

(14,762.145)

14,762.141

14,762.141

10,333.200

10,333.200

10,333.200

(4,428.941)

19,682.854

19,682.854

15,499.800

15,499.800

15,499.800

(4,183.054)

16,730.426

16,730.426

18,083.100

18,083.100

18,083.100

1,352.674

14,762.141

14,762.141

7,749.900

7,749.900

7,749.900

(7,012.241)

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

317.735

27,980.169

26,996.026

10

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

317.735

27,980.169

26,996.026

11

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

317.735

27,980.169

26,996.026

12

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

317.735

27,980.169

26,996.026

13

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

317.735

27,980.169

26,996.026

14

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

317.735

27,980.169

26,996.026

15

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

317.735

27,980.169

26,996.026

16

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

317.735

27,980.169

26,996.026

17

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

317.735

27,980.169

26,996.026

18

10

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

317.735

27,980.169

26,996.026

19

11

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

27,052.097

20

12

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

27,052.097

21

13

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

27,052.097

22

14

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

27,052.097

23

15

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

27,052.097

24

16

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

27,052.097

25

17

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

27,052.097

26

18

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

27,052.097

27

19

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

27,052.097

28

20

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

27,052.097

29

21

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

27,052.097

30

22

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

27,052.097

31

23

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

27,052.097

32

24

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

27,052.097

33

25

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

27,052.097

34

26

442.864

984.143

1,427.007

7,749.900

1,549.980

26,112.454

35,412.334

373.806

35,786.140

34,359.132

35

27

738.108

984.143

1,722.251

11,624.850

1,549.980

26,112.454

39,287.284

373.806

39,661.090

37,938.838

36

28

1,476.214

984.143

2,460.357

13,562.325

1,549.980

26,112.454

41,224.759

373.806

41,598.565

39,138.208

37

29

2,214.322

984.143

3,198.465

5,812.425

1,549.980

26,112.454

33,474.859

373.806

33,848.665

30,650.200

38

30

2,214.321

984.143

3,198.464

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

373.806

28,036.240

24,837.776

39

31

2,952.428

984.143

3,936.571

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

23,725.863

40

32

2,509.564

984.143

3,493.707

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

24,168.727

41

33

2,214.321

984.143

3,198.464

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

24,463.970

42

34

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

43

35

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

44

36

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

45

37

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

46

38

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

47

39

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

48

40

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

49

41

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

50

42

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

51

43

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

52

44

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

53

45

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

54

46

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

55

47

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

56

48

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

57

49

984.143

984.143

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

26,678.291

58

50

1,549.980

26,112.454

27,662.434

27,662.434

36,519.719

(9,841.428)

984.143

(8,857.286)

SUMMARY OF ECONOMIC INDICES


Benefit/Cost Ratio @ 12% discount rate
EIRR
Present worth of Cost
Present worth of Benefits
NPV

2.051
23.71%
58,306.450
119,596.899
61,290.449

TABLE 11.8
ECONOMIC ANALYSIS USING COMBINED CYCLE PLANT WITH GAS AS THERMAL EQUIVALENT
GAHRAIT SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT
Rs. Million
YEAR OF
YEAR OPERATI
ON
1

CAPITAL
COST
2,952.428

PROJECT COSTS
REFURB. O&M COST
COST

TOTAL
2,952.428

CAPITAL
COST
-

COSTS OF EQ.THERMAL PLANT


REFURB.
O&M COST FUEL COST
COST

TOTAL

CDM

TOTAL

BENEFITS

BENEFITS

NET
BENEFITS

(2,952.428)

4,920.723

4,920.723

(4,920.723)

9,841.427

9,841.427

(9,841.427)

14,762.145

14,762.145

(14,762.145)

14,762.141

14,762.141

6,341.200

6,341.200

6,341.200

(8,420.941)

19,682.854

19,682.854

9,511.800

9,511.800

9,511.800

(10,171.054)

16,730.426

16,730.426

11,097.100

11,097.100

11,097.100

(5,633.326)

14,762.141

14,762.141

4,755.900

4,755.900

4,755.900

(10,006.241)

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

278.016

15,244.530

14,260.387

10

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

278.016

15,244.530

14,260.387

11

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

278.016

15,244.530

14,260.387

12

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

278.016

15,244.530

14,260.387

13

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

278.016

15,244.530

14,260.387

14

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

278.016

15,244.530

14,260.387

15

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

278.016

15,244.530

14,260.387

16

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

278.016

15,244.530

14,260.387

17

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

278.016

15,244.530

14,260.387

18

10

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

278.016

15,244.530

14,260.387

19

11

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

14,309.449

20

12

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

14,309.449

21

13

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

14,309.449

22

14

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

14,309.449

23

15

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

14,309.449

24

16

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

14,309.449

25

17

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

14,309.449

26

18

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

14,309.449

27

19

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

14,309.449

28

20

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

14,309.449

29

21

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

14,309.449

30

22

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

14,309.449

31

23

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

14,309.449

32

24

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

14,309.449

33

25

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

14,309.449

34

26

442.864

984.143

1,427.007

4,755.900

951.180

14,015.333

19,722.413

327.078

20,049.491

18,622.484

35

27

738.108

984.143

1,722.251

7,133.850

951.180

14,015.333

22,100.363

327.078

22,427.441

20,705.190

36

28

1,476.214

984.143

2,460.357

8,322.825

951.180

14,015.333

23,289.338

327.078

23,616.416

21,156.060

37

29

2,214.322

984.143

3,198.465

3,566.925

951.180

14,015.333

18,533.438

327.078

18,860.516

15,662.052

38

30

2,214.321

984.143

3,198.464

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

327.078

15,293.591

12,095.128

39

31

2,952.428

984.143

3,936.571

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

11,029.943

40

32

2,509.564

984.143

3,493.707

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

11,472.807

41

33

2,214.321

984.143

3,198.464

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

11,768.050

42

34

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

43

35

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

44

36

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

45

37

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

46

38

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

47

39

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

48

40

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

49

41

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

50

42

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

51

43

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

52

44

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

53

45

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

54

46

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

55

47

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

56

48

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

57

49

984.143

984.143

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

13,982.371

58

50

951.180

14,015.333

14,966.513

14,966.513

23,823.799

(9,841.43)

984.143

(8,857.286)
SUMMARY OF ECONOMIC INDICES

Benefit/Cost Ratio @ 12% discount rate


EIRR

1.148
13.81%

Present worth of Cost

58,306.450

Present worth of Benefits

66,938.865

NPV

8,632.415

Years

Year Of
Operation

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Table 11.9
SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS USING COMBINED CYCLE PLANT AS THERMAL EQUIVALENT
GAHRAIT SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT
Base Case
Cost Overrun by 10%
Benefits Decline by 10%
Total Cost

Total
Benefits

2,952.428
4,920.723
9,841.427
14,762.145
14,762.141
19,682.854
16,730.426
14,762.141
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
1,427.007
1,722.251
2,460.357
3,198.465
3,198.464
3,936.571
3,493.707
3,198.464
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
984.143
(8,857.286)

10,333.200
15,499.800
18,083.100
7,749.900
27,980.169
27,980.169
27,980.169
27,980.169
27,980.169
27,980.169
27,980.169
27,980.169
27,980.169
27,980.169
28,036.240
28,036.240
28,036.240
28,036.240
28,036.240
28,036.240
28,036.240
28,036.240
28,036.240
28,036.240
28,036.240
28,036.240
28,036.240
28,036.240
28,036.240
35,786.140
39,661.090
41,598.565
33,848.665
28,036.240
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434
27,662.434

Net Benefits
(2,952.428)
(4,920.723)
(9,841.427)
(14,762.145)
(4,428.941)
(4,183.054)
1,352.674
(7,012.241)
26,996.026
26,996.026
26,996.026
26,996.026
26,996.026
26,996.026
26,996.026
26,996.026
26,996.026
26,996.026
27,052.097
27,052.097
27,052.097
27,052.097
27,052.097
27,052.097
27,052.097
27,052.097
27,052.097
27,052.097
27,052.097
27,052.097
27,052.097
27,052.097
27,052.097
34,359.132
37,938.838
39,138.208
30,650.200
24,837.776
23,725.863
24,168.727
24,463.970
26,678.291
26,678.291
26,678.291
26,678.291
26,678.291
26,678.291
26,678.291
26,678.291
26,678.291
26,678.291
26,678.291
26,678.291
26,678.291
26,678.291
26,678.291
26,678.291
36,519.719

Total Cost
3,247.671
5,412.795
10,825.570
16,238.359
16,238.355
21,651.140
18,403.469
16,238.355
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,569.708
1,894.476
2,706.393
3,518.311
3,518.310
4,330.228
3,843.077
3,518.310
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
(9,743.014)

Net Benefits Total Benefits Net Benefits


(3,247.671)
(5,412.795)
(10,825.570)
(16,238.359)
(5,905.155)
(6,151.340)
(320.369)
(8,488.455)
26,897.612
26,897.612
26,897.612
26,897.612
26,897.612
26,897.612
26,897.612
26,897.612
26,897.612
26,897.612
26,953.682
26,953.682
26,953.682
26,953.682
26,953.682
26,953.682
26,953.682
26,953.682
26,953.682
26,953.682
26,953.682
26,953.682
26,953.682
26,953.682
26,953.682
34,216.432
37,766.613
38,892.172
30,330.354
24,517.929
23,332.205
23,819.356
24,144.123
26,579.876
26,579.876
26,579.876
26,579.876
26,579.876
26,579.876
26,579.876
26,579.876
26,579.876
26,579.876
26,579.876
26,579.876
26,579.876
26,579.876
26,579.876
26,579.876
37,405.448

9,299.880
13,949.820
16,274.790
6,974.910
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
32,207.526
35,694.981
37,438.708
30,463.798
25,232.616
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190

(2,952.428)
(4,920.723)
(9,841.427)
(14,762.145)
(5,462.261)
(5,733.034)
(455.636)
(7,787.231)
24,198.009
24,198.009
24,198.009
24,198.009
24,198.009
24,198.009
24,198.009
24,198.009
24,198.009
24,198.009
24,248.473
24,248.473
24,248.473
24,248.473
24,248.473
24,248.473
24,248.473
24,248.473
24,248.473
24,248.473
24,248.473
24,248.473
24,248.473
24,248.473
24,248.473
30,780.519
33,972.729
34,978.351
27,265.334
22,034.152
20,959.619
21,402.483
21,697.726
23,912.047
23,912.047
23,912.047
23,912.047
23,912.047
23,912.047
23,912.047
23,912.047
23,912.047
23,912.047
23,912.047
23,912.047
23,912.047
23,912.047
23,912.047
23,912.047
33,753.476

Combination

Total Cost
3,247.671
5,412.795
10,825.570
16,238.359
16,238.355
21,651.140
18,403.469
16,238.355
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,569.708
1,894.476
2,706.393
3,518.311
3,518.310
4,330.228
3,843.077
3,518.310
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
1,082.557
(9,743.014)

SUMMARY OF ECONOMIC INDICES


Economic Indices
Benefit/Cost Ratio @ 12% discount rate
EIRR
Present worth of Cost
Present worth of Benefits
NPV

Base Case

Cost Overrun
by 10%

2.051

1.865

23.71%

21.75%

Benefits
Decline by
10%
1.846
21.55%

Combination
1.678
19.75%

58,306.450

64,137.095

58,306.450

64,137.095

119,596.899

119,596.899

107,637.209

107,637.209

61,290.449

55,459.804

49,330.759

43,500.114

Total
Benefits
9,299.880
13,949.820
16,274.790
6,974.910
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,182.152
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
25,232.616
32,207.526
35,694.981
37,438.708
30,463.798
25,232.616
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190
24,896.190

Net Benefits
(3,247.671)
(5,412.795)
(10,825.570)
(16,238.359)
(6,938.475)
(7,701.320)
(2,128.679)
(9,263.445)
24,099.595
24,099.595
24,099.595
24,099.595
24,099.595
24,099.595
24,099.595
24,099.595
24,099.595
24,099.595
24,150.058
24,150.058
24,150.058
24,150.058
24,150.058
24,150.058
24,150.058
24,150.058
24,150.058
24,150.058
24,150.058
24,150.058
24,150.058
24,150.058
24,150.058
30,637.818
33,800.504
34,732.315
26,945.487
21,714.305
20,565.962
21,053.113
21,377.880
23,813.633
23,813.633
23,813.633
23,813.633
23,813.633
23,813.633
23,813.633
23,813.633
23,813.633
23,813.633
23,813.633
23,813.633
23,813.633
23,813.633
23,813.633
23,813.633
34,639.204

TABLE 11.10
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
GAHRAIT SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT
Rs. Million
PROJECT COSTS
Years

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

Capital Cost Refurb. Cost

PROJECT BENEFITS

O&M Cost

3,280.470
5,734.170
12,034.090
19,705.830
20,888.690
27,893.980
24,929.390
23,138.810

492.071
860.126
1,805.114
2,955.875
3,133.304
4,184.097
3,739.409
3,470.822
-

1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492

Total Cost
3,280.470
5,734.170
12,034.090
19,705.830
20,888.690
27,893.980
24,929.390
23,138.810
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,585.562
1,953.617
2,898.605
4,049.366
4,226.795
5,277.589
4,832.900
4,564.313
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492
1,093.492

Energy
Generated
MkWh
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00
1,579.00

Energy
Benefits from
Available for
Sale of Energy
Sale MkWh
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946
1,546.946

27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908

SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL INDICES


Benefit/Cost Ratio @ 12.00% discount rate
FIRR

1.166
13.58%

Present worth of Cost

79,103.091

Present worth of Benefits

92,267.805

NPV

13,164.714

CDM Benefit
353.039
353.039
353.039
353.039
353.039
353.039
353.039
353.039
353.039
353.039
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
415.340
-

Total Benefit
27,501.947
27,501.947
27,501.947
27,501.947
27,501.947
27,501.947
27,501.947
27,501.947
27,501.947
27,501.947
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,564.248
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908
27,148.908

Net Benefit

(3,280.470)
(5,734.170)
(12,034.090)
(19,705.830)
(20,888.690)
(27,893.980)
(24,929.390)
(23,138.810)
26,408.455
26,408.455
26,408.455
26,408.455
26,408.455
26,408.455
26,408.455
26,408.455
26,408.455
26,408.455
26,470.756
26,470.756
26,470.756
26,470.756
26,470.756
26,470.756
26,470.756
26,470.756
26,470.756
26,470.756
26,470.756
26,470.756
26,470.756
26,470.756
26,470.756
26,470.756
25,978.685
25,610.630
24,665.642
23,514.881
22,922.112
21,871.319
22,316.007
22,584.594
26,055.416
26,055.416
26,055.416
26,055.416
26,055.416
26,055.416
26,055.416
26,055.416
26,055.416
26,055.416
26,055.416
26,055.416
26,055.416
26,055.416
26,055.416
26,055.416

TABLE - 11.11
GAHRAIT SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT
COST PER kWh and Kw

S.No
1

Description

Rs. In Million

Base Cost

109,349.19

a) Local

75,239.820

b) FEC

34,109.370

Import Duties and Taxes @ 5%

Interest During Construction

43,510.400

- a) Local

31,652.970

- b) Foreign

11,857.430

Price escalation

26,868.410

- a) Local

24,877.040

- b) Foreign
6

1,387.830

1,991.370

Financial Cost

181,115.830

- a) Local

145,015.090

- b) Foreign

36,100.740

Amortization @ 10.65% for 20 years & Levelized over 50 years of :

8,891.411

- a) Amortization for Local Currency

7,119.139

- b) Amortization for Foreign Currency

1,772.272

Operation & Maintenance cost @ 1.00% of Total Cost

1,093.492

Annual Recurring Cost

9,984.903

10

Annual Energy generated GWh

1,579.000

11

Annual Energy available for sale GWh

1,546.946

i. Cost per unit generated in Rs.

6.324

ii. Cost per unit generation in USc

6.416

12

Cost per unit available for sale in Rs.

6.455

13

Cost per unit available for sale in Usc.

6.549

14

Installed Capacity (MW)


i. Installed cost per MW in Million Rs.
ii. Installed cost per MW in Million US$.

377.000
480.413
4.874

TABLE-11.12
Profit & Loss Statement- Gahrait Swir Lasht Hydropower Project
(Costs in Rs. Million)

Years

Cash Inflow/
Revenue

Cash Out Flow


Interest

O&M Charges Depreciation

Total

Profit (+) or
Losses(-)

27,501.947

19,288.836

1,093.492

8,150.212

28,532.540

(1,030.594)

27,501.947

18,976.107

1,093.492

8,150.212

28,219.811

(717.864)

27,501.947

18,630.072

1,093.492

8,150.212

27,873.776

(371.830)

27,501.947

18,247.184

1,093.492

8,150.212

27,490.889

11.058

27,501.947

17,823.519

1,093.492

8,150.212

27,067.224

434.723

27,501.947

17,354.734

1,093.492

8,150.212

26,598.438

903.508

27,501.947

16,836.023

1,093.492

8,150.212

26,079.727

1,422.220

27,501.947

16,262.069

1,093.492

8,150.212

25,505.773

1,996.173

27,501.947

15,626.989

1,093.492

8,150.212

24,870.693

2,631.253

10

27,501.947

14,924.273

1,093.492

8,150.212

24,167.978

3,333.969

11

27,501.947

14,146.718

1,093.492

8,150.212

23,390.422

4,111.524

12

27,501.947

13,286.354

1,093.492

8,150.212

22,530.058

4,971.889

13

27,501.947

12,334.360

1,093.492

8,150.212

21,578.064

5,923.882

14

27,501.947

11,280.979

1,093.492

8,150.212

20,524.683

6,977.263

15

27,501.947

10,115.413

1,093.492

8,150.212

19,359.117

8,142.829

16

27,501.947

8,825.714

1,093.492

8,150.212

18,069.419

9,432.528

17

27,501.947

7,398.663

1,093.492

8,150.212

16,642.367

10,859.579

18

27,501.947

5,819.630

1,093.492

8,150.212

15,063.335

12,438.612

19

27,501.947

4,072.431

1,093.492

8,150.212

13,316.135

14,185.812

20

27,501.947

2,139.154

1,093.492

8,150.212

11,382.859

16,119.088

FIGURES

PROPOSED GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWIER PROJEC'

A
CHINA
CHINA

.,.

..

LlNEOFeoNT'Rol..
~

'---

__..

BALOCHISTAN

IRAN

INDIA

JAMMU & KASHMIR


(DISPUTED TERRITORY)
MAKRAN COASTAL AREA

KHYBER PASS

ARABIAN SEA

~
LEGEND
PUNJAB

DISTANCE CHART

LINE OF CONTROL (LOC)

PLACES

PRINCIPAL DATA
Project Location (Dam) .......... ..

DISTANCE

10 km U/S of Drosh Town.


Distance from Peshawar......... . 335 km
Travelling time from Peshawar 10 Hrs
Distance from Chitral. ............. . 35 km
Nearest Commercial Airport ... . Chitral, Peshawar
Nearest Railway Station ......... . Peshawar
Mobile Phone, Internet access Yes

INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY
PROVINCIAL BOUNDARY
TOWNS, VILLAGES

CAPITAL CITY
KARAKORAM HIGHWAY (KKH)

~+

25

50

75

100km

~+

ACE

p~
EGC

DIR TO CHITRAL.............................

150 KM

CHITRAL TO GRAM CHASHMA.....

74 KM
75KM

G.TROAD

CHITRAL TO BOONI ...................... .


CHITRAL TO MASTUJ ................... .

105KM

--1-..

DAM I BARRAGE

CHITRAL TO GILGIT..................... .

380KM

...

RESERVOIR (EXISTING)

CHITRAL TO DROSH .................... .

45KM

CHITRAL TO LOWARI TOP .......... .

90KM

RIVER
RESERVOIR (PLANNED)

O.lgndllr:

CLENT:

TEAM

~
TEAM

A Joint Venture of Associated Consulting Engineers- ACE (Pvt.) Ltd,


EGCandTEAM

370 KM

NHAROADS

~SULTMB.

PESHAWAR TO CHITRAL...............

ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN


GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA
PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
(PHYDO)

~
'

~
~

Ct.cbdllr:

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


FEASIBILITY STUDY

FAROOQ BHUTIA M.IQBALGILL


D-Br:

LOCATION PLAN

Apprc~~Vt~dBy:

DATE:

IMTIAZKHAN

IHALVI

JULY, 2014

lFIGURENO.

6.1 I

00

NOTES:
1. ALL LEVELS ARE IN r.ETERS.
2. AU. OIMEMIIONS ARE IN METERS UNLESS ~DICATED OTliERWISE.

1 FOR ZCXlM PLAN OF DAM 81~ IMl PONERHOUBE BilE REFER


DRAWINGN0.104A1D5.

1.ACCE88'T\JNNEL..: - - - - -

2.ADrT:
D

1011
IICALE(Io)

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


FEASIBILITY STUDY
GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA,
PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZAT10N
(PHYDO)

PROJECT LAYOUT PLAN


IM11AZKHAN

IHALVI

1l!'IO

NOTES:
1. ALL LEVELS ARE IN METERS.
2. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN METERS UNLESS INDICATED OTiiERWISE.
3. LENGTH OF RESEVOIR IS APPROXIMATELY 4.47 Krn.
4. RESERVIOR AREA AT E.1337 =1.54 krn"

TEAM

~
TEAM
A Joint Venture of Associated Consulting Engineers- ACE (Pvt.) Ltd,
EGCandTEAM

GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA,


PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
(PHYDO)

HAROONABID

M.IQBALGILL

o-ar:

Apprc~~Vt~dBr:

IMTIAZKHAN

IHALVI

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


FEASIBILITY STUDY
RESERVOIR AREA PLAN
JULY, 2014

6.3

00

GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA,


PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
(PHYDO)

M. IQBAL GILL
Apprc~~Vt~dBy:

~~

IMTIAZKHAN

IHALVI

FEASIBILITY STUDY
PROJECT LAYOUT PLAN
ZOOM PLAN OF POWERHOUSE SITE
JULY, 2014

6.4

00

t .AII.I.E.'IIIU_II_
J.o11&.1....-cMMi.IN...,_,..,_IGCI'."T&IIImtiJMIIL
l.l.IN'miOI~~M'II!I.V4Af~.

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~
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i"-i'

-~"

<4411

...

IICALE ..)

~~

.;..;:

~~
I

~
-~~,..

<t

-~'

Reservoir Area

.
_y
/t>

I Total Area

3,098

.....

Cultivable

Was te

Rive r Bed

56

17

28

2,256

737

3,593

183

13

17

45

2534

S01

7.4

53.5

52.9

0.0

23.9

5.8

4.1

--

ACE

EGC

TE'AM

AJ'*'I Vlntu.. tlAllllodllld Condng Engl1tM!11 ACE (M)Ud,

EGCIIIIITEAM

.....

:It:

ISLAMIC REPUBUC OF PAKISTAN


GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHT\JNKHWA,
PAIOfTVNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
(PHYDO)

(&}
-.::::;Ei'Y

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


-I!MIAI'TM

ZN"MtQIJAL

_,

--

IMIIAZKIWI

IHALYI

FEASIBILITY S'IUDY
LAND AQUISITION PlAN AT RESEVIOR AREA
..,.,

JULY,2014

GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA,


PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
(PHYDO)

IMTIAZKHAN

IHALVI

NOTES:
1. ALL LEVELS ARE IN METERS.
2. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN METERS UNLESS INDICATED OTHERWISE.
3. FOR DETAILS 8 REFER DRAWING NO. 301 & 302 IN VOLUME-IV

CONCRETE SURFACING

B
..._

SECTION A-A

,
/
/

8.00m ROAD W~

14.0m SERVICE AREA

J
1

DIVERSION TUNNEL INTAKE PLAN


CRANE FOR
MAINTAINANCE OF GATE

ClRANE OPERATING

EL1342.00--,.

1342.00..,

9.00

!~

----..,.... ....,.. ..,.,

-- --- --

_I

~,

. ,

/
300mm CONCRETE SURFACING

GATE RAILING

II

~ROCKBOLTINGASPER
GEO TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS

-.,A

AT

120mm (AVERAGE) THICK SHOTCRETE

CONTACT GROUTING
ROCK BOLTS AND
CONSOLIDATION GROunNG

50Dmm (AVERAGE) THICK RCC LINING


12mm (AVERAGE) THICK STEEL LINING
WITH EXTERNAL STIFFENERS

~~~CE
BmxH 7.8m

GATE

/I

I'

I ,.~
It
'

/
/

-;<

\/

/\

I
I

&

:.--..- ..

'

I
',I
"m \1
1
I
\

~
~

7.6

1313.00..,

7.60

'

TYPICAL SECTION
OF DIVERSION TUNNEL

:. ' ...

16.5

..

.,.
EGC

TEAM

A Joint Venture of Associated Consulting Engineers- ACE (Pvt.) Ltd,


EGCandTEAM

DETAIL-B
(SECTION BB)

ELEVATION OF PORTAL

~I ~
::

CLENT:

O.lgndllr:

Ct.cbdllr:

HAROONABID
D-Br:

Apprc~~Vt~dBy:

ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN


GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA,
PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
(PHYDO)

10

D\iALE(m)

IMTIAZKHAN

M.IQBALGILL

I HALVI

GAHRAIT- SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


FEASIBILITY STUDY
DETAILS OF DIVERSION TUNNEL I SPILLWAY TUNNEL INLET
JULY, 2014

6.7

00

NOTES:
1. ALL LEVELS ARE IN METERS.
2. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN METERS UNLESS INDICATED OTHERWISE.
3. FOR DETAILS "C" REFER DRAWING NO. 301 &3021N VOLUME-IV.

3.00

.;

:~ ::~

0~

.,~~t:
6.85

.......

7.60

.........

::~.: ~

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:..

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SECTION D-D

ffi

0:

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ROCK BOLTS

12.04

5.04

7.00

SIDEWALL

-...........
!'"-....
FLOW . .

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~2.00

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EL 1307.00

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5.04

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DETAIL-C
(DIVERSION TUNNEL OUTLET)

SECTIONC-C

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OUTLET INVERT

10

SCALE(m)
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GAHRAIT- SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


FEASIBILITY STUDY

ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN


GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA,
PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
(PHYDO)

!til
~

M.IQBALGILL

DETAILS OF DIVERSION TUNNEL OUTLET

Apprc~~Vt~dBy:

I DATE:
IHALVI

JULY, 2014

6.8

00

NOTES:

6.00

CREST EL 1321.00

w::u:.. . . ...

.,

:;:;:;:;

1. ALL LEVELS ARE IN METERS.


2. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN METERS UNLESS INDICATED OTHERWISE.
3. FOR LOCATION OF U/S AND DIS COFFER DAMS REFER
DRAWING NO. 300 IN VOLUME-IV.

.60 M RIPRAP

~::~.~ ~.\.~:~.~.;{Y;~:~: ~,:;: ~ ~

.....
TYPICAL CROSS SECTION OF U/S COFFER DAM

e.oo

I
~

12m DEEP PLASTIC CONCRETE CUTOFF WALL

CRESTEL

1315.oo~EDUJS

._. ............. :- ......... .:-.:. ~ _: ":;:


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TYPICAL CROSS SECTION OF D/S COFFER DAM

8m DEEP PLASTIC CONCRETE CUTOFF WALL

6.00

CREST EL 1310.00-----..

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TYPICAL CROSS SECTION OF D/S RING TYPE COFFER DAM

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ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN


GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA,
PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
(PHYDO)

HAROONABID

M. IQBAL GILL

D-Br:

Apprc~~Vt~dBr:

IMTIAZKHAN

IHALVI

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


FEASIBILITY STUDY
DETAILS OF UIS AND D/S COFFER DAMS

JULY, 2014

6.9

00

NOTES:
1.AIIIeveleareinmeters.
2. All dlmerwlons are In melln unless Indicated otherwise.

LEGEND

-.

~~;- ~;J

CJ

Talus Deposit

INFERRED BED ROCK

CONSOLIDATION
GROUTING

f;> (.~;;J PLASTIC CONCRETE CUT


OFF WALL

.............. __________

-!:1~

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~

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------.,- -

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.......
.......
.......
DISTANCES (METERS)

LONGITUDINAL SECTION ALONG DAM AXIS & BURIED VALLEY


(LOOKING DOWN STREAM)

SCALE:

IDUA1 1 s:IUMi 1:1-

6
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ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN


GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA,
PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
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GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


FEASIBILITY STUDY
LONGITUDINAL SECTION ALONG
DAM AXIS & BURIED VALLEY
JULY, 2014

6.101

00

NOTES:
1.AU.. LEVELS ARE IN WET~.

_..,_

2. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN t.IEIERS UNLESS INliCA.lED OTHBlWISE.


3. FOR SECTION AI..(WG DAM REFER DRAWl NO NOA01 & 403 tril VOLUW6N

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PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZAT10N
(PHYDO)

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GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


FEASIBILITY STUDY

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IH ALVI

ASPHALT CONCRETE FACE ROCK FILL DAM (AFRO)

PLAN

FlOUOEm

JULY,2014

6.111

......00

NOTES:
1. ALL LEVELS ARE IN METERS.
2. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN METERS UNLESS INDICATED OTHERWISE.

U/S

DIS

0.28m (ASPHALT CONCRETE FACE)


SEE DETAIL A

1.0 m SLOPE PROTECTION


(Sleeted L.arge Rock Dazed ID DIS Face)

ROCKFILL (38)

ROCKFILL (3C)

AFRO TYPICAL SECTION


0.6m WIDE (36m DEEP)
PLASTIC CONCRETE CUTOFF WALL

10

15

SCALE (m)

------JII

EL 1343.00

EL 1342.00

Zones
Upper Impervious layer (10cm) - Drainage Layer (Scm)-~PT..!:!..QE B~OC~~m ~W~RB.!Q.b.EVE....h.....

Lower lmpel"'louslayer (5cm) - Bedding layer(Scm) ~

CLASSIFICATIONS

1A

Fine-Grained Cohesionless Silt and Fine Sand

18

Random Mix of Silt, Clays, Gnavels and Cobbles

2.00

1.50

EL 1338.00

2A

Sand and Gnavel Filter

4.00

28

Sand and Crusher Run Particles Nearly in


Quality Equal to Concrete Aggregate

DETAIL-B

3A

EL 1337.50

~
DETAIL-A

38
0

1.5

Sleeted Rock fill With Maximum Size of 150mm


I Rock fill W~h Maximum Size of 500mm

4.5

3C

Rock fill W~h Maximum Size of 1000mm

SCALE(m)

p~
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A Joint Venture of Associated Consulting Engineers- ACE (Pvt.) Ltd,

EGCandTEAM

O.lgndllr:

CLENT:

ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN


GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA
PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
(PHYDO)

~
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GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


FEASIBILITY STUDY

FAHD BIN ZJV'AA M. SALEEM SHEIKH


D-Br:

AU RAZA

AFRO TYPICAL SECTION

Apprc~~Vt~dBy:

IHALVI

I -

JULY, 2014

6.121

00

NOTES:
1. ALL LEVELS ARE IN METERS.
2. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN METERS UNLESS INDICATED OTHERWISE.

ll
SHOTCRETE 120mm (AVG) IN TWO LAYERS
LAYER THICKNESS DEPENDING ON ROCK CLASS

SHOTCRETE 120mm (AVG) IN TWO LAYERS


LAYER THICKNESS DEPENDING ON ROCK CLASS

HEADRACE CONNECTING TUNNEL SECTION


(REFER DRAWING NO. 107 & 605 SECTION X-X)
!:JQ!S;.

!:JQ!S;.

1. ROCK BOLTS 25mm DIAMETER, LENGTH "'5m [AVG]

1. ROCK BOLTS 25mm DIAMETER, LENGTH"' 5m [AVG]

SPACING 1.5 TO 2.5m [AVG]

.,.
~
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HEADRACE TUNNEL SECTION


(REFER DRAWING NO. 107 & 605 SECTION Y-Y)

SPACING 1.5 TO 2.5m [AVG]

2. SHOTCRETE THICKNESS"' 120 mm [AVERAGE]

2. SHOTCRETE THICKNESS"' 120 mm [AVERAGE]

3. CONCRETE THICKNESS = -450 mm [AVERAGE]

3. CONCRETE THICKNESS = 500 mm [AVERAGE]

..
TEAM

A Joint Venture of Associated Consulting Engineers- ACE (Pvt.) Ltd,


EGCandTEAM

POST TENSIONED 100 kN, OR UNTENSIONED


25mm DIAMETER ROCK BOLTS,
VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL SPACING 1.5 TO 2.5m
AS PER ROCK CLASSIFICATION ALL AROUND,
WITH OR WITHOUT PROTRUDING DOWELS 5m(AVG) LENGTH

2.5

SCALt:lmJ
IO.Igndllr:

1-..

IQURATULAIN

I M. IQBAL GILL

IMANSHA

CLENT:

ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN


GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA,
PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
(PHYDO)

D-Br:

Apprc~~Vt~dBr:

IIH ALVI

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


FEASIBILITY STUDY
SECTIONS ACROSS HEADRACE CONNECTING TUNNEL
AND MAIN HEADRACE TUNNEL
JULY, 2014

6.13 I

00

NOTES:

URB I PARAPET

1. ALL LEVELS ARE IN METERS.


2. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN METERS UNLESS INDICATED OTHERWISE.

200 mmSHORTCRETE +ROCK BOLTS&


CONSOLIDATlON GROUTING
EL1381.43

L_

SOIL NAIL I ROCK BOLT:

LOCK BEAM

LOCK/RING B E A M - - - - - +

EL.1378.93
RING BEAM I LOCK BEAM

A.,150 mm SHORTCRETE IN 2
LAYERS WITH WIRE MESH

~A

-------le

CK BOLTS WITH DOWELS

10.00

ROCK BOLTS WITH DOWELS


SURGE EL. 1376.43

__r_

GROUTING SEQUENCE
BOTTOM TO UP.

DETAIL B

SHOTCRETE 150mm IN TWO


LAYERS WITH WIRE MESH

CONCRETE LINING 400 mm

:OCK BOLTS & CONSOLIDAION


GROUTING ALL AROUND
SHOTCRETE 150 mm IN TWO
LAYERS WITH WIRE MESH.

~::::::y~======::::::::::~

{r==l
=====rJ
I_____

EL 1306.93

-......"-.
~

1306.90

37.50

600 mm SHORTCRETE THICKNESS

CONCRETE LINING 400 mm THICKNESS

\\
\~ r

SURGE SHAFT ELEVATION


SECTION A-A

~SULTMB.

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ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN


GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA,
PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
(PHYDO)

~'~ IQURATULAIN
......~

--

D-Br:

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GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


FEASIBILITY STUDY

I M. IQBAL GILL
Apprc~~Vt~dBr:

IIH ALVI

ELEVATION AND CROSS SECTION OF SURGE SHAFT


JULY, 2014

6.14

00

NOTES:
1. ALL LEVELS ARE IN METERS.
2. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN METERS UNLESS INDICATED OTHERWISE.

STEEL LINING 20mm THICK

STEEL LINING 18mm THICK

CONCRETE LINING 0.60 m THICK

SECTION N -N
(STEEL LINED PRESSURE SHAFT)
(REFER DRAWING NO. 110 & 803)

p~
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A Joint Venture of Associated Consulting Engineers- ACE (Pvt.) Ltd,

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SECTION P-P
(STEEL LINED PRESSURE TUNNEL)
(REFER DRAWING N0.110 & 803)

SCALE (m)
IO.Igndllr:

CLENT:

I Ct.cbdllr:

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


FEASIBILITY STUDY
TYPICAL CROSS SECTION OF PRESSURE SHAFT
AND PRESSURE TUNNEL

ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN


GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA,
PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
(PHYDO)

~
~

M. IQBAL GILL
Apprc~~Vt~dllr:

I DATE:
IH ALVI

JULY, 2014

6.15 I

00

NOTES:
1. ALL LEVELS ARE IN METERS.
2. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLI METERS UNLESS

INDICATED OTHERWISE.

UNIT4

<

f
i
(b
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XII

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UNIT1

UNIT2

UNIT3

CEILING CLADDING

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SEED~AIL1+t--------+-----------------~~~E~B~~~~~~~~,L------~--~----------~~~~L----+--------------------------~----~~------------~~~::----------+~----------------l
254.72m

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UNIT DEWATERING SUMP IN


FRONT OF SECTION

MAliN DRAINAGE SUMP 2

., 'it'...

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UNIT DEWATERING SUMP IN
FRONT OF SECTION

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.:(.~~)

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11::::1

ELECTRICAL

WORKSHOPS
'

WORKSHOPS

TUNNEL~

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wllJRBINEFLOOR1228.

:~;.;;.:~
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.

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UNIT DEWATERING SUMP IN

MAliN DRAINAGE SUMP 1

-1

l-1soo

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FRONT OF SECTION

l-1500

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LONGITUDINAL SECTION THROUGH
MACHINE HALL CAVERN

<II
ROOF HEADING
TUNNEL

...

WEARING COURSE

SUBIW3E

COOLING
WATERTANK1

SECTION A-A
SCALE 1:250

COOLING
WATERTANK2

SECTION B-B
SCALE 1:250

.!lill!b.1
10000

20000

30000

SCALE(nm)
lo.!gnMI.,.:

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A Joint Venrure of Associatsd Consulting Engineen1- ACE (Pvt.) Ltd,


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ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OFPAKISTAN


GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA,
PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
(PHYDO)

~ I"

D~By:

ISALMAN

ICh.c-.:1.,.:

FAROOQ BHUTTA

Appruv.c!By:

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


FEASIBILITY STUDY

POWER HOUSE LONGITUDINAL SECTION


FIGURE NO.

IIHALVI

JULY, 2014

REV. NO.

6.16

00

NOTES:
1. ALL LEVELS ARE IN METERS.
2. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLI METERS UNLESS
INDICATED OTHERWISE.

98750

~I
~I

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10

15

SCALE(mm)
IO.Igndllr:

CLENT:

ISlAMIC REPUBUC OF PAKISTAN


GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA,
PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
(PHYDO)

lr<.....a~
fi ~_

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GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


FEASIBILITY STUDY

FAROOQ BHUTTA

Apprc~~Vt~dBy:

IIH ALVI

CONCEPTUAL MACHINE HALL LAYOUT


JULY, 2014

6.17

00

NOTES:
1. ALL LEVELS ARE IN METERS.
2. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLI METERS UNLESS
INDICATED OTHERWISE.

CROWN

1000

2000

3000

4000

5000

SCALE{mm}

TIFLEVEL

EL:12M.etl

GROUTEDROCKANCHORS57D----KN WORKING CAPACITY AT EACH


CCl.UMNl.OCATIONLz9METRES

WATER ca.J..ECTI CHAMIER

HWL

1337masl

Min. HWL

1331 masl

Min.lWL

1227.72 masl

OF TURBINE

1225.72 masl

Rd

430ms/s

RD

107.50~/s

Dt

3660 mm

5.!1.1Wx20.00HINVERTB.121BA2

EL.ECTRic.t.I..R.OOR

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ALONG DRAFT TUBE WATERWAY
CLENT:

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Ch.c'-IIIJ':

SSI

FAROOQ BHUTTA

ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN


GOVERNMENT OF KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA,
PAKHTUNKHWA HYDEL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION
(PHYDO)

20000

SCAI...E(mm)

~By:

Appruv.c!By:

MANSHA

IHALVI

GAHRAIT-SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


FEASIBILITY STUDY

MACHINE HALL SECTION DETAILS


REV. NO.

FIGURE NO.

JULY, 2014

6.18

00

IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE

GAHRAIT - SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


Overall Implimentation Programme Including Construction Schedule
ID

Task Name

Pre-Construction Stage

Feasibility Study

PC - I

Duration

0 days

Tariff, Power Sales Terms & NEPRA Approval

270 days

Other Misc. Legal Issues and Approvals

240 days

Power Purchase Agreement

240 days

Water Use Agreement

240 days

Land Acquisition

270 days

Program Set-up

60 days

10

Land Acquisition

210 days

11

Permits and Approvals

240 days

12

Environmental Clearance

240 days

13

Generation License

240 days

Consultancy and Tendering

295 days

15

Appointment of Consultant

90 days

16

Additional Investigations and Surveys

90 days

17

Tender Design and Tender Documents

18

Prequalification of EPC Contractor

19

Tendering and Receiving Bids

60 days

20

Tender Evaluation and Selection of Contractor

30 days

21

Negotiation and Awards

22

Construction Stage

90 days
120 days

25 days
2206 days

23

Financing Institution Reporting Requirement

500 days

24

Environmental Mitigation and Monitoring

500 days

25

Compensations

500 days

26

Staffing and Training for Operation

27

390 days
2100 days

Preparatory Works

30 days

28

Notice to Proceed + Mobilization

29

Final Plant Size and Layout

30

Basic Design (Level-01)

31

Detail Design of Civil and other Works (Level-02)

1200 days

32

As Built Drawings and Project Completion Report

450 days

33

Offices, Camps, Colony and Other Site Facilities

240 days

34

Access Road and other Related works

240 days

35

Concrete Plant and Equipment

36

River Diversion + Tunnel Spillway

120 days
210 days

120 days
1820 days

37

Portal Excavations for Diversion Tunnels

38

Underground Excavations for Tunnels

180 days

39

Rock support works

180 days

40

Reinforced Concrete in Inlet and Outlet Structures

30 days

41

Reinforced Concrete in Power Tunnel Lining

90 days

42

Erection of Steel Liner

43

Installations of Control Gates & other related Equipment

120 days

44

Conversion Works for Division Tunnels into Spillway

120 days

45

Construction of Upstream Cofferdam

210 days

46

Construction of Downstream Cofferdam

47

Care and Handling of Water

48

Removal of U/S Cofferdam

49

Removal of D/S Cofferdam

50

60 days

90 days

210 days
1000 days
60 days
60 days
1020 days

DAM (ACFRD)

60 days

51

Dam Excavations

52

Foundation Treatment

53

Construction of Cut off wall

240 days

54

Rock Fill in different zones of Dam

480 days

Project: GSL HPP


Date: Sat 12-07-14

01-01

15 days

14

Sheet 1 of 3

Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
Year 7
Year 8
12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01
-1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97

310 days

Figure - 16.1

90 days

Task

Split

Milestone

Project Summary

Split

Milestone

Project Guide: Critical Task

Progress

Summary

Project Guide: Critical Task

Progress

Summary

Farooq Bhutta

GAHRAIT - SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


Overall Implimentation Programme Including Construction Schedule
ID

Task Name

Duration

55

Asphalt Concrete in face slab

480 days

56

Construction of parapet wall

180 days

57

Installations of different Instrumentations

58

90 days

Sand Trap Caverns


Excavation for Sandtrap Chambers

240 days

60

Rock support works

240 days

61

Excavation for Flushing Tunnels

180 days

62

Reinforced Concrete in Sand Trap Chambers

180 days

63

Reinforced Concrete in Flushing Tunnels

180 days

64

Installations of Mechanical Embedded Parts

180 days

65

Installations of Control Gates & other related Equipment

Headrace / Power Tunnel

120 days
1140 days

67

Portal Excavations

68

Construction of Adit - 1

90 days

69

Construction of Adit - 2

120 days

70

Construction of Adit - 3

120 days

71

Dewatering if necessary

240 days

72

Underground Excavations for Tunnels

720 days

73

Rock support works

720 days

74

Reinforced Concrete in Inlet and Outlet Structures

210 days

75

Reinforced Concrete in Power Tunnel Lining

76

120 days

600 days
690 days

Surge Shaft

30 days

77

Portal Excavations

78

Construction of Adit - 4 / (Vent Tunnel)

79

Underground Excavations

240 days

80

Rock support works

240 days

81

Reinforced Concrete in Portals

120 days

82

Reinforced Concrete in Surge Shaft Lining

83

90 days

270 days
970 days

Pressure Shaft

84

Underground Excavations

240 days

85

Rock support works

220 days

86

Reinforced Concrete in Pressure Shaft Lining

210 days

87

Erection of Steel Liner

88

300 days
600 days

Penstock

89

Alignment for Penstock

180 days

90

Excavations

180 days

91

Fabrication of Steel Liner

180 days

92

Erection of Steel Liner

210 days

93

Reinforced Concrete

94
95

240 days
2031 days

Power House

90 days

Portal Excavations

96

Dewatering if necessary

450 days

97

Construction of Access tunnel

180 days

98

Underground Excavations for Cavern

240 days

99

Rock support works

270 days

100

Fabrication and Fixing of Doors & Windows

180 days

101

Architectural Works

300 days

102

Concrete

420 days

103

Concrete in Foundations

120 days

104

Reinforced Concrete in Draft tubes

180 days

105

Reinforced Concrete in Turbine Floor and Walls

150 days

106

Reinforced Concrete in Superstructure

90 days

107

Powerhouse 2nd Stage Concrete

180 days

108

Installation of Embedded Parts of Unit -1

190 days

109

Installation of Embedded Parts of Unit -2

170 days

Project: GSL HPP


Date: Sat 12-07-14

Sheet 2 of 3

Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
Year 7
Year 8
12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01
-1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97

720 days

59

66

Figure - 16.1

Task

Split

Milestone

Project Summary

Split

Milestone

Project Guide: Critical Task

Progress

Summary

Project Guide: Critical Task

Progress

Summary

Farooq Bhutta

GAHRAIT - SWIR LASHT HYDROPOWER PROJECT


Overall Implimentation Programme Including Construction Schedule
ID

Task Name

Duration

110

Installation of Embedded Parts of Unit -3

111

Installation of Embedded Parts of Unit -4

112

Electrical and Mechanical Works

113

140 days
120 days
2030 days

114

Fabrication and Delivery of Embedded Parts

480 days

115

Manufacturing and Transport of Equipment

600 days

116

Erection of Turbine and other Equipment

400 days

117

Erection of Generator and other Equipment

390 days

118

Dry Testing

119

Wet testing and Commissioning

40 days
30 days
1970 days

Unit-2

121

Fabrication and Delivery of Embedded Parts

480 days

122

Manufacturing and Transport of Equipment

600 days

123

Erection of Turbine and other Equipment

410 days

124

Erection of Generator and other Equipment

390 days

125

Dry Testing

126

Wet testing and Commissioning

127

60 days
30 days
2000 days

Unit-3

128

Fabrication and Delivery of Embedded Parts

480 days

129

Manufacturing and Transport of Equipment

600 days

130

Erection of Turbine and other Equipment

430 days

131

Erection of Generator and other Equipment

400 days

132

Dry Testing

60 days

133

Wet testing and Commissioning

30 days

134

2030 days

Unit-4

135

Fabrication and Delivery of Embedded Parts

480 days

136

Manufacturing and Transport of Equipment

600 days

137

Erection of Turbine and other Equipment

450 days

138

Erection of Generator and other Equipment

410 days

139

Dry Testing

140

Wet testing and Commissioning

60 days
30 days

141

Transformer Cavern

142

Portal Excavations

143

Construction of Access tunnel

120 days

144

Dewatering if necessary

180 days

145

Underground Excavations for Transformer Cavern

240 days

146

Rock support works

240 days

147

Reinforced Concrete in Transformer Cavern

210 days

148

Installations of Electrical Equipment

180 days

149

Construction of Cable ducts and Ancillary works

150

Tailrace Tunnels and Tailrace Channel

870 days
90 days

240 days
870 days
90 days

151

Portal Excavations

152

Construction of Adit - 5

120 days

153

Dewatering if necessary

180 days

154

Underground Excavations for Tunnels

240 days

155

Rock support works

240 days

156

Reinforced Concrete in Tailrace Tunnels

210 days

157

Construction of Tailrace Channel and Ancillary works

180 days

158

Installations of Mechanical Embedded Parts and Gates

159

180 days
770 days

Switchyard

160

Construction of Powerhouse Switchyard

360 days

161

Installations of Switchyard Equipment

410 days

162

1 day

Start of Commercial Operation

163

Project: GSL HPP


Date: Sat 12-07-14

Sheet 3 of 3

Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
Year 7
Year 8
12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01
-1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97

1940 days

Unit-1

120

Figure - 16.1

1 day

Taking over Certificate

Task

Split

Milestone

Project Summary

Split

Milestone

Project Guide: Critical Task

Progress

Summary

Project Guide: Critical Task

Progress

Summary

Farooq Bhutta