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1810

Philippine deputies were first admitted to the Spanish Parliament.

1811

The last State galleon left Manila for Mexico.

1815

The last State galleon left Acapulco (Mexico) for Manila.

1819

Secession of Mexico from the Spanish Crown.

1820

Massacre of foreigners in Manila and Cavite (Oct. 9).

1822

First Manila news-sheet (El Filntropo) was published.

1823

Rebellion of Andrs Novales (June.)

1830

The first Philippine bank was opened about this year.

1831

Zamboanga port was opened to foreign trade.

1834

Manila port was unrestictedly opened to foreign trade.

1835

Rebellion in Cavite led by Feliciano Pran.

1837

Philippine deputies were excluded from the Spanish Parliament.

1837

Philippine deputies were excluded from the Spanish Parliament.

1841

Apolinario de la Cruz declared himself "King of the Taglogs."

1843

Chinese shops were first allowed to trade on equal terms.


Claveria's expedition against the Moros.

1844

Foreigners were excluded from the interior of the Islands.


The office of Trading-Governor was abolished.

1851

Urbiztondo's expedition against the Moros.


Manila City thenceforth remained open day and night.

1852
The Banco Espaol-Filipino wa instituted.
1854

Rebellion of Cuesta.

1855

Yolilo port was opened to foreign trade.

1857

The Manila mint was established.

1859

Return of the Jesuits to the Philippines.

1861

Dr. Jos Rizal, teh Philippin patriot, was born (June 19).

Manila City and Cathedral damaged by earthquake; 2,000 victims.


1863
Ceb port was opened to foreign trade.
1868-70 The Assembly of Reformists in Manila.
1869

General Emilio Aguinaldo was Born (March 22).

1870

Rebellion in Cavite led by Camerino.

1872

The Cavite Comspiracy (Jan.).

1875

Failure of Russel & Sturgis.

1876

Malcampo's expedition against the Moros. Jol anneced.

1877

England and Germany recognized Spain's rights in Sulu.


The last destructive earthquake affecting Manila.

1880
The Hong-Kong-Manila submarine cable was laid (via Bolinao).
Tobacco for free planting was thenceforth permitted (Jan. 1).
1883
Tobacco free export was thenceforth permitted (July 1).
The "Carriedo" endowment water-supply for Manila was established.
1884
Tribute and Poll Tay were abolished and Cdula personal introduced.
Petition to the Crown asking for the expulsion of the Chinese.
The office of Judge-Governor was abolished.
1886
Investiture in Manila of Sultan Harun Narrasid (Sept. 24).
Capuchin friars' first arrival.
Terrero's expedition against the Moro Datto Utto.
1887

Colonel Juna Arolas' victory in Sulu Island. Capture of Maybun (April 16).
Philippine Exhibition was held in Madrid.

1890

Muncipalities in the christian provinces were created.

1891

The first Philippine railway was opened to the traffic.

1895

The Marahui campaign against the Moros of Mindanao Island.

Benedictine friar's first arrival.


The Taglog Rebellion opened (August 20).
First battle of the Rebellion (San Juan del Monte, Aug. 30).
1896

Gov.-General Ramon Blanco was recalled to Spain (Dec.).


Gov.-General Polavieja arrived in Manila (Dec.).
Dr. Jos Rizal, the Philippine patriot, was executed (Dec. 30).
Gov.-General Polavieja left Manila for Spain (April 15).
Gov.-General Primo de Rivera returned to Manila (April).
First issue of the first Philippine Loan (July 15).

1897
Treaty of Biac-na-bat is alleged to have been signed (Dec. 14).
General Emilio Aguinaldo went into exile under treaty (Dec. 27).
Tremendous tidal wave on Leyte Island. Life and property destroyed.
Tragedy of the Calle de Camba, Manila (March 25).
Rebel rising in Ceb Island (April 3).
Gov.-General Primo de Rivera left Manila for Spain (April).
Gov.-General Basilio Augusti arrived in Manila (April).
The Spanish-American War began (April 23).
1898

Battle of Cavite. The Spanish fleet destroyed (May 1).


General Emilio Aguinaldo returned from exile to Cavite (May 19).
General Emilio Aguinaldo assumed the Dictature (May 24).
Constitution of the Revolutionary Government promulgated (June 23).
Revolutionists' appeal to the Powers for recognition (Aug. 6).
Spanish-American Protocol of Peace signed in Washington (Aug. 12).

American Occupation of Manila (Aug. 13).


Capitulation of Manila to the Americans (Aug. 14).
Malolos (Bulacan) became the Revolutionary capital (Sept. 15),
American and Spanish peace commissioners met in Paris (Oct. 1).
Capitulation of the Spaniards in Negros Island to the rebels (Nov. 6).
Treaty of Peace between America and Spain (Paris, Dec. 10).
Evacuation of Panay Island by the Spaniards (Dec. 24).
Evacuation of Ceb Island by the Spaniards (Dec. 26).
Evacuation of Cottabato by the Spaniards (Jan.)
Constitution of the Philippine Republic was promulgated (Jan. 22).
The War of Independence began (Feb. 4).
Bombardment of Yloilo (Feb. 11).
American occupation of Ceb City (Feb. 22).
Americna occupation of Bojol Island (March).
Malolos, the revolutionary capital, was captured (March 31).
1899

The Schurmann Commission appointed (Jan. 20); in Manila (May 2).


Evacuation of Zamboanga by the Spaniards (May 23).
Violent death of General Antonio Luna (June 3).
The Ladrone, Caroline, and Pelew Is. (minus Guam) sold to Germany (June).
The Aglipayan schism began.
The Bates agreement with the Sultan of Sulu (Aug.).
American occupation of Zamboanga (NOv. 16).
Death of General Lawton (Dec.).