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1

She is offered a job


runs her own company
from home and enjoys being the boss.
I go to seminars every week at work. They give us runed your own company
a lot of training
.

She does shift work


so she sometimes works at night.
Anna apply for
applied for
the job but didn't think she'd get an interview.
I am so tired with work. I'm working really long hours
at the moment.
Emma got promoted
was offered a job
with a local school but decided not to take it.
After working in the company for years he got promoted
and has more responsibility now.
I had to help Mark prepare a CV
as he had never written one before.
Martin has an interview
had an interview
yesterday for a job in IBM but he said it didn't go well.

10

He's got loads of money he's earning a really high salary

My grandmother was amazing. She .


could speak
six languages fluently.

I can't understand
why they haven't phoned us yet.
They took us to the station so we could take
the train to Manchester.
I feel so tired because I couldn't sleep
last night.
I can play the guitar but I can't sing
. My voice is terrible.
That's impossible! I can't believe
that what you are telling me is true.
I've brought my camera with me, so I can take
some photos.
When I turned the music off, I could hear
someone knocking at the door.
Tim is very fast at doing crosswords. Usually, he can finish
one in just three minutes.

10

My mother always cooked for me, so I couldn't


even cook
a plate of spaghetti when I left home

Can you speak up a little? I can hear you.


Can you speak up a little? I can't
hear you.
Samantha can't paint beautiful landscapes, but she can't paint people.
Samantha can
paint beautiful landscapes, but she can't paint people.

I want to can speak French perfectly.


I want to be able to
speak French perfectly.

I can't play the piano when I was younger, but now I'm not good at it.
I could
play the piano when I was younger, but now I'm not good at it.

She's been on a diet and now she could wear a size 8!


She's been on a diet and now she can
wear a size 8!
I'm sorry, but we won't could come to the wedding because we are on
holiday then.
I'm sorry, but we won't be able to
come to the wedding because we are on holiday then.

I can walk in these shoes. They're too big.


I can't
walk in these shoes. They're too big.
He could understand why everyone was laughing. Then he saw his photo.
He couldn't
understand why everyone was laughing. Then he saw his photo.

Able you come to the party tomorrow? I need to tell Marta.


Can you
come to the party tomorrow? I need to tell Marta.

I'm able do maths at school, and I'm still not good at numbers.
I.
wasn't able to
do maths at school, and I'm still not good at numbers.

10

He completed the application form careful.


He completed the application form .
carefully
.
On her first day on the job she learned quickly the names of her colleagues.
On her first day on the job she quickly learned
the names of her colleagues.

You speak really well English how long have you been studying?
You speak English really well
how long have you been studying?

Tim was late for the interview so ran fastly up the street.
Tim was late for the interview so ran quickly
up the street.
They worked lately that week to be ready for the new school year.
They worked late
that week to be ready for the new school year.

She angry threw away the rejection letter.


She angrily
threw away the rejection letter.
I used to well play rugby when I was at school.
I used to play rugby well
when I was at school.
Slow he walked down the road looking at the houses.
Slowly
he walked down the road looking at the houses.
Jane worked so good that her boss gave her a bonus.
Jane worked so well
that her boss gave her a bonus.

10

On Monday I worked really hardly because I had to finish the report.


On Monday I worked really hard
because I had to finish the report

John walked sadly


(sad) to school. He had forgotten to do his homework and he was going to be in
trouble with Miss McKendrick, his teacher.
Miss McKendrick was a very strict teacher and she had angrily
(angry) told the class the day before that if anyone forgot the homework she
would send them quickly
(quick) to the headteacher. What was worse for John was that he sat beside
Ailsa, who always did her work well
(good) and got good marks. When John got to school Ailsa was carefully
(careful) taking her pens and books out of her bag.
'Quiet please, and sit down,' said Miss McKendrick loudly
(loud), 'and put your homework on your desks.'
John looked nervously
(nervous) round. Everyone was taking out their homework.
'Excuse me, Miss,' he said ,
quietly
(quiet), 'I haven't done my homework.'

If I/be/better at football/, I'd play in the first team.


.
If I was better at football
, I'd play in the first team.
If she wasn't so busy, she/have/time to see us.
If she wasn't so busy she would have time to see us
.

If she/know/his number, she'd call him.


If she knew his number
, she'd call him.

If I/not already have/a dog, I'd get a cat.


If I didn't already have a dog
, I'd get a cat.
If he ate more, he/not be/hungry all the time.
If he ate more, he wouldn't be hungry all the time
.
If I lived in Hong Kong, I/ have to/speak Cantonese.
If I lived in Hong Kong, I would have to speak Cantonese

If I had more time, I'd to learn a new language.


If I had more time, .
I'd learn a new language
.
What would you do when you lost your wallet?
What would you do if you lost your wallet
?
If I would have a holiday, I'd go to Mauritius.
If I had a holiday
, I'd go to Mauritius.
We wouldn't driven to work if we lived nearer the office.
We wouldn't drive to work
if we lived nearer the office.
She'd be here now if it is possible.
She'd be here now if it was possible
.

If you left your country, you would miss it?


If you left your country, would you miss it
?

I would sleep all morning if I would have the chance.


I would sleep all morning if I had the chance
.
If I wasn't be so lazy, I wouldn't enjoy beach holidays.
If I wasn't so lazy
, I wouldn't enjoy beach holidays.

It took me a long time to pay back


the loan that I got when I started university.
He was so good at tennis he got
a sporting scholarship to study in the US.
She was lucky her parents paid
her university fees for her for four years.
She found it really difficult to get
a loan from the bank to study in Paris.

When I was eighteen I got


a grant which helped me pay my university education.

She got
several prizes at school for being top of her class.
Do you think it is a good idea for youngsters to take part in
reward schemes at school?
When I was at college I .
was
always in debt I never had money to do anything!

How old is John Francis?


He's forty-six
.

How much money does John Francis owe?


more than $500,000

How long did he study for?


He was studying for twenty-five
years
Why did John Francis have a car?
Because he had to drive to university
.
Why does he think it is going to be difficult for him to find a job?
Because he doesn't have any experience
.

Why can't Francis continue studying?


Because he can't find a bank
that will .
lend him any more money
.

Lola: You can go and buy some bread.


Lola told Mick that he could go and buy some bread
.
Mick: I don't have any money.
Mick said that he didn't have any money
.
Lola: That's nothing new.
Lola told Mick that that was nothing new
.
Mick: I'll go to the bank.
Mick said that he would go to the bank
.

Lola: You don't have a bank account.


Lola told Mick that he didn't have a bank account
. (tell)

Mick: I'm going to open a bank account.


Mick said that he was going to open a bank account
. (say)
Lola: You're going to need a job first.
Lola told Mick that he was going to need a job first
. (tell)
Mick: I'm not hungry any more.
Mick .
said that he wasn't hungry any more
. (say)

Rupesh said he would meet John at home at 6.00.

'I'll meet John at home at 6.00


.'
Mary told me that her sister wasn't going to Germany.
'My sister isn't going to Germany
.'
Rob said that my dinner was in the oven.
'Your dinner is in the oven
.'
Katia Scarfoni said she had been too busy to visit Renzo yesterday.
'I was too busy to visit Renzo yesterday
.'

Stephanie told me she had a meeting at 10.30.


'I have a meeting at 10.30
.'

Dad said he had taken the keys.


'I have taken the keys
.'

Mum told us we could buy some milk.


'You can buy some milk
.'
Suleiman told me the car was ready.
'The car is ready
.'
When I was in Mexico I picked a little Spanish.

When I was in Mexico .


I picked up a little Spanish
.
He is brother I was telling you about.
He is the brother
I was telling you about.
When she was a child she looked up her father.
When she was a child she looked up to her father
.
John Brown grew up in big, happy family.
John Brown grew up in a big, happy family
.
Golf is best sport in the world although it's not easy to pick up.
Golf is the best sport in the world
although it's not easy to pick up.

I was brought a on farm, so I've always loved animals.


I was brought up on a farm
, so I've always loved animals.

There's new TV programme on Saturday nights which we've started


watching.
There's a new TV programme
on Saturday nights which we've started watching.

I've found a great restaurant I came it when I went for a walk yesterday.
I've found a great restaurant I came across it
when I went for a walk yesterday.

I have to after my little sister because she's feeling sick.


I have to look after my little sister
because she's feeling sick.

10

I really looked up to my elder brother when I was growing.


I really looked up to my elder brother when I was growing up

It took me a long time to pay back


the loan that I got when I started university.
He was so good at tennis he got
a sporting scholarship to study in the US.
She was lucky her parents paid
her university fees for her for four years.
She found it really difficult to get
a loan from the bank to study in Paris.
When I was eighteen I got
a grant which helped me pay my university education.
She got
several prizes at school for being top of her class.
Do you think it is a good idea for youngsters to take part in
reward schemes at school?

When I was at college I .


was
always in debt I never had money to do anything
The Strange Story of Two Presidents
1 Abraham Lincoln worked on a boat. John F. Kennedy also worked on a boat. Both
of them worked on boats.
2 Lincoln was killed while he was President. Kennedy was also killed while he was
President.
Neither
Lincoln nor Kennedy finished their presidency.
3 Lincoln became President in 1860. Kennedy became President in 1960. They both
became presidents in the sixties.
4 Lincoln studied law, but didn't work as a lawyer. Kennedy also studied law, but didn't work
as a lawyer. Neither
of them worked as lawyers.
5 Many white people in the south didn't like Lincoln. Many white people in the south didn't
like Kennedy. Many white southerners didn't like either
of them.
6 After Lincoln died, Andrew Johnson (born 1808) became President. After Kennedy died,
Lyndon Johnson (born 1908) became President. Men called Johnson followed both
of them.
7 Lincoln was killed in Ford's Theatre. Kennedy was killed in a Ford Lincoln car. Both
of them died in Fords.
8 Kennedy saw a ghost of Lincoln in the White House (but this might not be true). There
is either
a ghost of Lincoln in the White House or someone invented the story.

Complete the gaps with just, yet or already.


0/10
0%

I haven't seen the film yet


. (I'm seeing it tomorrow.)
She's already
done her homework. (She did it two days earlier.)
Have you heard Paramour's new CD yet
? (I expect you have.)
My sister has just
had a baby boy. (She had him two hours ago.)
Has David finished already
? (The test only started ten minutes ago.)
I've just

met my new boss. She's beautiful! (I met her one minute ago.)

We've already
studied this topic. (We studied it weeks ago.)
She hasn't decided what to eat yet
. (She is very slow to choose.)
They've just
opened a new school. (They opened it this morning.)

10

My cousins have just


left. (They left five minutes ago.)
I used to
love going to the cinema when I was a boy. It was called the Forum and it used to
be on the corner of a busy shopping street but it moved down a side street beside a fish
and chip shop. All the boys in the local school used to
havetheir birthday parties there. Before getting the tickets we would
go to the local sweet shop and get lots of sweets and crisps and then run into the cinema
for the matine show.
The matine used to
be typical kids' films like cartoons, adventure films, war films. I used to
enjoy the war films most of all. We would
shout at the screen during the film and at the end of the film we would
applaud. The films would
stay in our heads after we left the cinema. I remember that for days after
watching Rocky the boys in the street would
pretendthey were boxers, punching the air as they went to school.

I want to buy an aeroplane. I don't have enough money.


If I had enough money, I would buy
an aeroplane.
She wants to stay here longer. She doesn't have time.
If she had more time
, she would stay here longer.
I don't have his number so I can't call him.
If I had his number
, I could call him.

I am very tired because I start work so early.


If I didn't start work so early, I wouldn't be
so tired.

John likes his job but he wants to be earn more.


If John earned more
, he would be happier.
She finds it difficult to lose weight because she doesn't do any exercise.
She would find it easier to lose weight
if she did more exercise.

We want to pay you to do a presentation at the conference.


Would you do a
presentation at the conference if we paid you?
I want to move house. I can't find anything I like.
I would move house if
I could find something I liked.
The city is almost perfect but there are too many cars.
If there were fewer cars, the city would be
perfect.

10

She wants to buy a laptop computer but they are too expensive.
If laptop computers were not so expensive
, she would buy one.

'We both like fish.'

They told me that they both liked fish


.

'Neither of my brothers went to university.'


I said that neither of my brothers had gone to university
.

'I can't dance.'


She told me that she couldn't dance
.

'It will rain later.'


He said that it would rain later
.
'I've lost my watch.'
He told me that he had lost his watch
.
'We don't have any money.'
They said that they didn't have any money
.
'I won't tell anyone your secret.'
She told me that she wouldn't tell anyone my secret
.
'I'll either go to China or India for my holiday.'
He said that he would either go to China or India for his holiday
.

'Both of my dogs sleep all day.'


She told me that both of her dogs slept all day
.

10

'Neither of my sisters has travelled much.'


I said that neither of my sisters had travelled much

The boy apologised


for breaking the chair.

The businesswoman shook


hands with the delegates before the meeting.
She paid
very high fees when she went to the best private university in the city.

He was very worried


about his son's progress at school.
Parents often complain
about the number of children in the class.
She didn't check
her change before she left the shop.
He tried to get
a scholarship to study at the school but he couldn't get one.

They applied
for jobs at the same school because they wanted to work together.

Sean revised
for his exam all day but he still failed.

10

The bank lent


him money when he started his business.
.

That car is a bargain


it's only 10,000 euros! (airbgan)
The best thing about the ferry
is that you can take the car to another country. (reryf)
I love this channel there are no commercial breaks
so you can watch a film without interruption. (omrcmceial akebrs)

I had a great childhood


. I was really happy as a boy with my family and friends. (ocldhohid)

'Where can I pay?' 'At the cash till


near the door. ' (scah itll)

This train is always full of commuters


going back home from work. (mutomecrs)

Can you wait for me? I need to get some money out of the cashpoint
. (oishpcant)

There is a ten percent discount


if you pay in cash. (dcnoisut)
'Is that a pedestrian
street?' 'Yes, cars can't go in there, only people on foot.' (eriastpedn)

10

'Which search engine


do you use?' 'I usually use Google.' (ecasrh ngeien)

1for weeks to get it back. Anyway ...Hi Jim, I just had a terrible week. First I argued
2Hi Jim, I just had a terrible week. First I arguedwith my parents because I was
playing
3for a job in a restaurant in town. I even had to borrow $10with the dog and she broke
an expensive vase. I apologised
4to me because he says he has to waitfor breaking it, but my parents said I had to
pay
5for the vase. I didn't have any money, so I applied
6with my parents because I was playingfor a job in a restaurant in town. I even had to
borrow $10
7from my brother to get the bus. He didn't want to lend money
8with the dog and she broke an expensive vase. I apologisedto me because he says
he has to wait
9for breaking it, but my parents said I had to payfor weeks to get it back. Anyway

I borrowed $10 on Bob for drinks.


I borrowed $10 from
Bob for drinks.

I applied to a job in Jamaica.


I applied for
a job in Jamaica.

She lent a lot of money from James before Christmas.


She lent a lot of money to
James before Christmas.
Do you argue to your brothers a lot?
Do you argue with
your brothers a lot?
I apologised to being late.
I apologised for
being late.
We waited up you for twenty minutes.
We waited for
you for twenty minutes.
Maybe we'll have a picnic, but it depends for the weather.
Maybe we'll have a picnic, but it depends on
the weather.
I paid to the drinks by credit card.
I paid for
the drinks by credit card.
Do you want to play by your friends?
Do you want to play with
your friends?