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COMMISSIONING PROCEDURE

MOBITEL WELIKADA

Document ref. : DPS188JMM0101


Employer

: Mobitel (Pvt) Ltd.

Tests Included for the Commissioning of 11kV Distribution System


1.

HV Switchgear (8BK88 plus 1 ICOG , 1 I/C , 2 O/G)


1.1 Current Transformer ( 400 :1 , 200 : 1 ,5P10,CL 1.0 ,10 VA)
1.1.1 Insulation resistance test (with Insulation tester)
1.1.2 Winding resistance test (with Omicron CPC 100 primary injection kit)
1.1.3 Excitation Curve (with Omicron CPC 100 primary injection kit)
1.1.4 Burden test (with Omicron CPC 100 primary injection kit)
1.1.5 Ratio & Polarity test (with Omicron CPC 100 primary injection kit)
1.2 Voltage Transformer ( 11/3 : 0.11/3 : 0.11/3 , CL1.0 /3P, 50 VA)
1.2.1 Insulation Resistance test (with Insulation tester)
1.2.2 Ratio & Polarity test (with Omicron CPC 100 primary injection kit)
1.2.3 Burden test (with Omicron CPC 100 primary injection kit)
1.3Busbars and connections (11 kV, 630 A)
1.3.1 Insulation resistance at 5kV DC (with Insulation tester)
1.4Circuit Breaker ( 3AH0, 12 kV, 800 A, 26.3 kA/3 S)
1.4.1 Static Contact Resistance test( with Omicron CPC 100 primary injection
kit )
1.4.2 Insulation Resistance test ( 5 kV Insulation tester )
1.5Protection relay ( 7SR10,7SR11)
1.5.1 Overcurrent & Earth fault test (with Omicron CMC 356 secondary
injection kit)

Power Transformer ( 2000 kVA, 11/0.415 kV , Dyn11, LTL Oil Immersed


transformer)
2.1Insulation resistance test at 5kV DC (with Insulation Resistance tester)
2.2Winding resistance at central tapping and extremes (with Omicron
CPC 100 primary injection kit)
2.3Turns ratio test at all tap positions (with Omicron CPC 100 primary injection kit)
2.4Vector group test (with Omicron CMC 356 secondary injection kit and multi
meter)
2.5Magnetic Balance test ( with Omicron CPC 100 primary injection kit and multi
meter)

Power Cable ( 11 kV , 3C 150 mm2 , Cu/XLPE/CTS/PVC/SWA/PVC )


3.1Insulation resistance test at 5 kV DC

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Equipment used for testing & commissioning


Table 1
Ref.
1No.
2
3
4

Equipment
CPC 100
5 kV Insulation Resistance
tester356
CMC
Digital multimeter

Brand
Omicron
Kyoritus
Omicron
Fluke

Serial No.
NJ644U
W0369405
EB892H
23030163

1.1Current transformer
1.1.1
Insulation Resistance test
Earth connection of the CT secondary star point should be removed
from the terminal block.
Insulation resistance test is done between primary-earth , primarysecondary (5 kV DC), secondary-earth & among secondary windings
(1 kV DC) for a period of 1 minute.
Table 2 : CT IR test
Test
primary- secondary
primary- earth
1S1-2S1
1S1-earth
2S1-earth

Insulation
Resistance(M)

Voltage( kV /min)
5/1
5/1
1/1
1/1
1/1

After conducting the IR test, each terminal should be discharged.

1.1.2
Winding Resistance test
A DC current of 1 A is injected to CT secondary terminals & the DC
voltage is measured using DC voltage input of CPC 100.
Initially the winding is provided with inductive energy & after
saturates the CT secondary winding, DC current is applied.
Winding resistance value is measured at room temperature &
the reference resistance is calculated at 75 C according to
following formula.

=
( ) (235 +

235 +

: IEC 60076-1

Table 3: Winding resistance test


Phase
Core
1S1-1S2
L1
2S1-2S2
1S1-1S2
L2
2S1-2S2
1S1-1S2
L3
2S1-2S2

Winding Resistance at
25 C

After conducting this test, CT core should be de-magnetized.


1.1.3 xcitation Curve test
This test is carried out to find the knee-point & the linear range of
the CT secondary winding.
An AC voltage up to 2 kV is injected using CPC 100 & the
magnetizing current is continuously measured and plotted.

According to IEC 60044-1, knee point is defined as the point


where a voltage increment of 10 % will cause magnetizing current
increment of 50 %.

1.1.4 Burden test


The secondary resistive burden comprises of relay or metering
burden along with leading wires is measured in this test.
The CT rated secondary current ( i.e. 1 A) is injected & the AC voltage is
measured.
In this test, CT winding is separated from the burden.
Burden is calculated according to following formula. This test is
carried out to verify the actual Accuracy Limit Factor of the CT.
,

( ) = , , (

1.1.5 atio & Polarity Test


CT ratio is done by injecting 5% , 20 % , 50% , 80% of rated primary current.
Care should be taken to short circuit the unused CT cores to avoid hazardous
voltages.
Usually, the ratio is measured when 25 % of rated primary current is
flowing through primary terminals.
Polarity test is automatically done in CPC 100 while conducting the ratio test.
Table 4: CT ratio & polarity test
Primary
Phase Core
current
(A)
L1
1S1-1S2
2S1-2S2
L2
1S1-1S2
2S1-2S2
L3
1S1-1S2
2S1-2S2

Secondar
y current
( mA)

Rat
ed
rati

Measur
ed
ratio

Polarity

1.2Voltage Transformer
1.2.1
Insulation Resistance test
Remove earth connection from the VT primary & secondary star point.
And 5 kV DC voltage is applied between primary & earth terminals
for 1 minute , thus IR can be measured.
Similarly, Insulation resistance is measured between secondaryearth & among secondary cores. After conducting the IR test,
discharging must be done.

Table 5: VT IR test
Test

L1

L2

L3

primary Earth
primary sec
secondary
Earth
1a
a1

Voltage
( kV / min
)
5/1
5/1
1/1
1/1

1.2.2 atio & Polarity test


AC voltage of 2 kV is applied between primary terminal & neutral
point from the 2 kV output port & the secondary voltage is
measured using V1 AC input port.
Same ratio test is carried out for broken-delta winding.
Polarity is automatically conducted by CPC100 while doing the ratio test.
Table 6 : VT ratio & polarity test
Phase

L1

Core
1a 1n

Prima
ry
Volta
ge

Second
ary
Voltage
(V)

a1 n1
L2

1a 1n
a1 n1

L3

1a 1n
a1 n1

Rated
Ratio
11/3:
0.11/3
11/3:
0.11/3
11/3:
0.11/3
11/3:
0.11/3
11/3:
0.11/3
11/3:
0.11/3

Measur
ed
Ratio

Pha
se
(de

Polarit
y

1.2.3 Burden test


Secondary side resistive burden is calculated by applying AC voltage of
63.51 V from 130 V AC output of the CPC 100.
The AC current is measured using I AC input port. VT burden is calculated
according to the following formula.
,

( ) = , , ( )

1.3Bus bars & Connections


1.3.1
Insulation Resistance test
Insulation resistance between phases & earth is measured by
applying 5 kV DC voltage for 1 minute.
After conducting the IR test, discharging must be done.

Table 8 : IR test for Busbars


Phase
Insulation
L1
L2
L3

Voltage( kV/min)
5/1
5/1
5/1

1.4Circuit Breaker ( 3AH0)


1.4.1
Static Contact Resistance test
Contact resistance of the closed circuit breaker is done by applying
DC current of 80 A between phase terminals & voltage drop is
measured.
If the mV drop value is less than 4 mV, the contact resistance is satisfactory.
Table 9: Static Contact Resistance test for 3AH0
Phase
Applied current/ Voltage drop /
Contact
A
mV
resistance/
L1
L2
L3
1.4.2

Insulation Resistance test


Insulation resistance is measured between phases as well as
between phase & earth while circuit breaker is open.
Further, insulation resistance is measured between phase & earth
while the circuit breaker contacts are closed.
CB open Table 10 :
Across phase
Phase
L1
L2
L3

Insulation Resistance

Voltage (kV/min)
5/1
5/1
5/1

Insulation Resistance
(G)

Voltage (kV/min)
5/1
5/1
5/1

Insulation Resistance
(G)

Voltage (kV/min)
5/1
5/1
5/1

Table 11: Phase to Earth


Phase
L1
L2
L3

CB closed
Table 12 : Phase to Earth
Phase
L1
L2
L3

Phase
L1- L2
L2- L3
L3- L1

Insulation Resistance
(G)

Voltage (kV/min)
5/1
5/1
5/1

1.5Protection relay ( 7SR11,7SR10)


Pick-up time & trip time of the 7SJ62 & 7SJ80 relay for several
secondary currents ( varying between the set value ) are injected to
relay CT terminal inputs from CMC 356 secondary injection kit.
And trip time ( from binary output 3) is compared with theoretical
operating time depending on the curve selected. For Normal Inverse
curve,

0.14

(IEC 60255-3)

(0.02

1)

Table 14 : 7SJ62,7SJ80 operating time characteristics for O/C & E/F


Test

Phase Current (A)


L1

L2

Over current pickup ( A set value)


L1
L2
L3
Over current trip (
L1
L2
L3
Earth fault Protection
Pickup
EF

A)

L3

Trip
Time

Expect
ed

Deviati
on
In Remar

2. Power transformer ( Dyn11 , LTL Oil Immersed transformer)


Before the commencement of the test, the transformer should
be at ambient temperature for at least 3 hours. ( IEC 60076-1)
2.1

Insulation Resistance test

The insulation resistance test is measured between HV terminalsearth, HV LV terminals by applying 5 kV DC for 1 minute.
Also IR test is conducted between LV earth by applying 1 kV for 1 minute.
Table 15: Power transformer IR test

Test
Pri. Earth
Sec. Earth
Pri. Sec.

Insulation Resistance/
M

Test Voltage
(kV/min)
5/1
1/1
5/1

2.2 2 Winding resistance test

A constant DC current of 1 A is injected between each winding of HV


winding for each tap position.
The DC voltage is measured from the 10 V DC input port.

Table 16: Pr imary w inding r esistance ()


Tap
Phase 1U-1W

Phase 1V-1U

Phase 1W-1V

1
2
3
4
5

Further, for secondary windings , 1 A DC current is applied between LV terminals.


Winding resistance is also calculated at reference temperature (75 C)

Table 17 : Secondary winding resistance (m)


Phase 2U-N
Phase 2V-N

Phase 2W-N

2.3
Turns ratio test
A sinusoidal voltage of 500 V is applied to each HV terminal from 2 kV AC
output of the CPC 100.
The secondary induced voltage is measured from V1 AC input.

Table 18 : Turns ratio test for phase 1U

Tap
1
2
3
4
5

Nom.Rati
o

V Prim

Phase 1U
I Prim
I Phase

V Sec

V Phase

TTR

2.4 Vector Group test


A connection should be made between 1U and 2u terminals.
A three phase sinusoidal voltage of 50 V is applied using CMC 356 to
HV terminals & the voltage is measured using a multi meter according to
following table.
Table 19: Vector group test
Measurement
Voltage (V)
IU-IV
1V-1W
1W-1U
1V-2v
1V-2w
1W-2v
1W-2w
2u-2v
2v-2w
2w-2u
For a Dyn11 transformer,

1U, 2u
2v
2w
1W

2.5

1V

Magnetic Balance test

Tap changer position is kept at nominal position(i.e. tap no. 3)

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11

Ratio

Single phase 200 V AC is applied using CMC 356 between HV terminals & the
other HV
terminal voltages are measured.
Table 20: Magnetic Balance test
1U-1V
Applied/
200
Measured
X1
voltage
X2

1U-1W
X0
200
Y2

1V-1W
Y0
Y1
200

If there is no problem with magnetic path of the


transformer circuit, X0 + Y0 = 200
X1 + Y1 =
200 X2 + Y2
= 200

For the center limb, induced voltage is higher than the limb situated at the corner.

3.

Power Cable
3.1 Insulation Resistance test
The connections from either end of the power cable is removed.
A DC voltage of 5 kV is applied from the Insulation tester for a period of 1
minute, between each phase & copper screen.

Table 21: IR between phase-Cu screen


Phase
Insulation resistance
L1
(G)

Test voltage
5/1
( kV/min)

Table 22 : IR across phases


Phase
Insulation
L1-L2
Resistance (G)

Test voltage (
kV/min)5/1

L2
L3

L1-L3
L2-L3

5/1
5/1

5/1
5/1