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Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering

25 5
2006 5

Vol.25 No.5
May2006

100084)

1250

6.08.0

O 241

10006915(2006)05090105

STABILITY ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION OF LAXIWA ARCH DAM


HUANG YansongZHOU WeiyuanYANG RuoqiongSHEN DaliLIN Peng
(Department of Hydraulic and Hydropower EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijing 100084China)

AbstractThe elastoplastic numerical and experimental results of Laxiwa arch dam-foundation system are
presented by employing a finite element method simulation(TFINE code) and a geomechanical model experiment
with scale 1250. The failure mode of the arch dam-foundation during overloading process is given with the
above two methods. By analyzing and comparing the numerical and experimental datait is indicated that the
results of numerical simulation agree well with experimental resultsand the stability of Laxiwa arch dam satisfies
the general requests of arch dam design.
Key wordsnumerical analysisLaxiwa arch damfinite element methodgeomechanical model experiment
stability analysis
F73F166 F172F164

F164
NNW NNE NNW

250.0 m

0.10.5 m 1.01.6 m

2 460.0 m 2 452.0 m

2 4602 400 m II

2 296.0 m

F29L145

Hf3Hf7

[1]

F28F29L145 Hf8

TFINE

Hf10 F222F164F71

[2]

2004111220050125
(973)(2002CB412708)
(1978)2000
E-mailhys00@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn

902

2006

S ij S ij = ij ij kk
3

k
c

2.2

2.1

(1)

2002 7

(2)

(3)

1.0 2.0 1.5

(4) 2 260 m

1.0

(5)

400 m 2 860 m

(6)

1 960 m ( 900 m)

Table 1 Material parameters of concrete and rock for Laxiwa


arch dam and its foundation

/GPa

2.03.04.08.0

c/MPa

/(kNm )
3

20.0

1.00

4.00

0.167

24.0

18.0

0.90

1.70

0.250

26.0

23.0

1.00

2.50

0.250

26.8

F172

2.1

0.40

0.07

0.350

22.0

F28

0.4

0.40

0.07

0.350

22.0

F29

0.7

0.35

0.05

0.350

22.0

L145

7.5

0.50

0.30

0.350

22.0

F164

1.2

0.45

0.07

0.350

22.0

F166

1.2

0.45

0.07

0.350

22.0

10 F71

1.3

0.50

0.11

0.350

22.0

11 F222

3.8

0.45

0.09

0.350

22.0

12 Hf4

0.7

0.35

0.05

0.350

22.0

13 Hf8

0.6

0.40

0.07

0.350

22.0

3.1

1.0
(1)

C =

p
= 1.0
m

(2)

(2)
C =

16 408 9 284
1 056

p
= 1.0
m

(3)
f
C f = p = 1.0
fm

(3)

(4)

743

pm

TFINE
[3]

D-P

f = I1 + J 2 k 0

(1)

I1 ij J 2

(1)

25

C =

p
= 1 .0
m

903

(5)

(2002 7 )

(2)

Cl =

lp

(6)

lm

(1) 200 m 0.80 (2)


440 m 1.76 (3)

(3)

230 m 0.92 (4)

C = p = C Cl
m

(7)

775 m( 400 m 375 m)(5)


2 500 m

(4)
E
C E = p = C
Em

Em =

Ep
C

Ep

(8)

C Cl

20 m

3.3

1 250

121 207

C = 1.0Cl = 250C = 250C f = 1.0C = 1.0

Cc = 250C = 1.0 C =

KYOWA UCAM5B UCAM70A

250 C E = 250

3.2

Hf7

1
Fig.1

Scope of the simulation experiment and its relative geological structure

904

2006

() 7

35

(Y ) 2

10

2(a)1Y5Y

2 4602 4202 3402 260 2 210 m

12.0
10.0

(Y ) 2 2

4.1

8.0
1Y
6.0

2Y
3Y

4.0

4Y
2.0

5Y

0.0
0

500

1 000

3 3

7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0
2 460
2 260

3.0
2.0

Table 2 Y-displacements of downstream dam face

200

400

2 340

600

800

1 000

/mm

mm

(b)

/m
2 420
2 210

1.0

(Y )

/m

3 000

8.0

(X )

2 500

9.0

1 500
2 000
/mm
(a)

2
Fig.2

(Y )
Relation curves between Y-displacement and water

2 460

10.80

2.9

80.64

81.2

10.2

5.2

2 420

6.99

5.9

64.40

77.3

8.9

7.8

2 340

NA

10.9

45.21

66.2

8.2

13.7

2 260

NA

15.4

12.80

38.5

NA

16.4

2 240

4.10

14.3

27.8

4.3

15.6

4.05.0

2 210

11.4

5.57

12.2

12.9

(1) 1(2) 2(3) NA


(4)

3
Table 3

X-displacements of downstream dam face

3
mm

/m

2 460

(1.0)

(2.0)

2 420

(5.0)

(4.0)

2 340

(5.1)

(4.8)

2 260

(3.6)

2 240

(2.8)

2 210

(6.0)
(1.8)

8.0

(X )

ballast(crown cantilever)

3 5.0
7.08.0

4.3
4
4.4

80.64 mm 10.8 mm Z
4.2

6.0P0 6.0P0

25

4
Table 4

905

Failure process of Laxiwa arch dam-foundation


system

(a) 3.0P0

(b) 5.0P0

(c) 7.0P0

1.0P0()
2.0P0(
)

2 280 m
3.0P0(

)
2 320 m
3.0P0
4.0P0()
2 210 m

4.0P0
2 320 m
5.0P0()

6.0P0()
2 360 m
2 320 m
(7.0 8.0)P0( 2 280 m 2 280 m

150 m

90 m

(d) 8.0P0

3
Fig.3

Failure processes of downstream dam face of the


simulation experiment

2.0 3.0

6.08.0

2.0P0 F172

(References)
[1]

. [M]. 2003.(Wang

35 mm 810 m

Xucheng. Finite Element Method[M]. BeijingTsinghua University

2.0P0

Press2003.(in Chinese))

3.0P0(3.54.0)P0

[2]

. (TFINE

(7.08.0)P0

)[R]. 1988.

(Zhou WeiyuanYang Ruoqiong. 3D nonlinear finite element analysis


of concrete arch dam(finite element programTFINE)[R]. Beijing

( 8.0P0)

Department of Hydraulic and Hydropower EngineeringTsinghua

5090 m

University1988.(in Chinese))
[3]

. [M]. 1990.(Zhou

90150 m

Weiyuan. Advanced Rock Mechanics[M]. BeijingWater Resources

and Electric Power Press1990.(in Chinese))