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# C

Chapter 30
Inductance
30-1 Mutual Inductance
30-2 Self-inductance and Inductors

## 30-3 Magnetic Field Energy

30-5 The L-C Circuit
30-6 The L-R-C Series Circuit

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

Objective
Calculate mutually-induced EMF given the mutual
inductance between two circuits

## I and I are both constant.

Question:
What if instead of straight wires we have coils?
Also, there is a changing current in one of the coils.
Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

Remember that:
If the coils are in vacuum:
M21 is a constant.
It depends on the geometry of both coils
(size, shape, number of turns, orientation
of each coil, separation between coils).

## For our case, we assume that any magnetic

material present has constant Km so that M21 is
constant.
Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

## SI Unit of mutual inductance M:

1 H = 1 Wb/A
Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

Example:

Equation to be used:

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

Example:

Equations to be used:

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

Seatwork:
The figure shows two insulated coils wrapped around each
other with mutual inductance M = 0.5 H. If the current in coil 2
varies as I(t) = 8t2 + 2t + 14, what will be the induced emf in
coil 1 after 1 s?

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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Chapter 30
Inductance
30-1 Mutual Inductance
30-2 Self-inductance and Inductors

## 30-3 Magnetic Field Energy

30-5 The L-C Circuit
30-6 The L-R-C Series Circuit

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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Objective
Calculate self-induced EMF given the self-inductance of the
circuit

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## Any circuit that carries a varying current has an emf induced in it

by the variation in its own magnetic field.

Self-Induced emf
It can occur in any circuit.
The effect is greatly enhanced if circuit includes a coil with
N turns of wire.

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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Self-Inductance/Inductance

with time t,

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15

16

L?

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Example:

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Example:

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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Seatwork:
A current i flowing from a to b passes through an inductor of
inductance L, as shown in the figure. It is observed that the
potential at b is higher than at a.
Which of the following describes the current passing through
the inductor? increasing, decreasing or constant?

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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Chapter 30
Inductance
30-1 Mutual Inductance
30-2 Self-inductance and Inductors

## 30-3 Magnetic Field Energy

30-5 The L-C Circuit
30-6 The L-R-C Series Circuit

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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Objective
Calculate the total magnetic energy stored in an inductor
and its magnetic energy density after current is increased
from zero to a final-state value

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## Energy Stored in an Inductor

The total energy U supplied while the current increases from
zero to a final value I is

## This is actually stored

in the magnetic field
within the coil.
When the current decreases from I to zero, the inductor
acts as a source that supplies a total amount of energy U.

Note:

## When a steady current flows through an inductor,

there is no energy flow in or out. .
Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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## Resistor vs. Inductor

A resistor is a device in which energy
is irrecoverably dissipated.

## Energy stored in a current-carrying

inductor can be recovered when the
current decreases to zero.

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## Magnetic Energy Density

Magnetic energy density in vacuum

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Example:

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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Seatwork:
How much current is required to store an energy of 7.2 kJ in
a coil with an inductance of 100 H?

Equation to be used:

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Chapter 30
Inductance

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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R-L Circuit
A circuit that includes both a resistor and an inductor, and possibly a
source of emf

Current growth

Current decay

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## Current Growth in an R-L Circuit

Current in an R-L circuit with emf:

## At time , the current has risen to or about

63% of its final value /R.
Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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Example:
What is the current through the ideal battery after a very
long time the switch S is closed?

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## Current Decay in an R-L Circuit

Current in an R-L circuit:

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## Current Decay in an R-L Circuit

Current in an R-L circuit:

## Io: initial current in the circuit

Time constant of an R-L circuit:

## At time , the current has decreased to or

about 37% of its initial value Io
Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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Example:

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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Seatwork:
For the circuit shown, find the currents I1, I2, and I3
(a) immediately after switch S is closed and
(b) a long time after switch S has been closed.

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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Chapter 30
Inductance
30-1 Mutual Inductance
30-2 Self-inductance and Inductors

## 30-3 Magnetic Field Energy

30-5 The L-C Circuit
30-6 The L-R-C Series Circuit

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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Objective
Describe the charge and current variation in time in an L-C
circuit

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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L-C Circuit
A circuit that includes both an inductor and a capacitor
Both charge and current in an L-C circuit oscillate sinusoidally with time, with an
angular frequency of

Capacitor charge:

If at time t = 0:

## the left-hand capacitor plate has

its maximum charge Q and the
current i is zero, then

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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L-C Circuit
Capacitor charge:

Imax

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## Energy in an L-C Circuit

Total energy of the LC circuit:

(inductor)

(capacitor)

## The total energy

in an LC circuit is
constant.

Recall:
Capacitor charge:

## Current in the circuit:

Imax = Q
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Example:

(a) Since = , =
(b) = 1 2

then =

## (c) Energy = 2 2 where = ()

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Seatwork (4 pts):

## Use the following equations:

2
(a) = 42
(b) =
1
(c) = 2 2
(d) = 2/
Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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Chapter 30
Inductance
30-1 Mutual Inductance
30-2 Self-inductance and Inductors

## 30-3 Magnetic Field Energy

30-5 The L-C Circuit
30-6 The L-R-C Series Circuit

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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Objective
Describe the charge, voltage and current variation in time
for underdamped, critically damped and overdamped L-R-C
circuits

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## L-R-C Series Circuit

An inductor with inductance L and a resistor of resistance R are
connected in series across the terminals of a charged capacitor.

3 cases:
1. Underdamped oscillation
2. Critically damped
3. Overdamped
Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

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Underdamped
(Small R)

(Large R)

## Physics 72 Bareza AY 15-16 1st sem

(Very large R)

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Example:
An L-R-C series circuit includes a 2.0- resistor. At t = 0 the
capacitor charge is 2.0 C. For which of the following
values of inductance and capacitance will the charge on the
capacitor not oscillate?
A. L = 3.0 H, C = 6.0 F
B. L = 6.0 H, C = 3.0 F
C. L = 3.0 H, C = 3.0 F

Hint:

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Seatwork (1 pt):
Consider an R-L-C series circuit with resistance 1 . Which
values of inductance L and capacitance C will the charge on
the capacitor undergo a damped oscillation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

L = 1.0 H, C = 4.0 F
L = 3.0 H, C = 12.0 F
L = 3.0 H, C = 18.0 F
L = 3.0 H, C = 6.0 F
L = 1.0 H, C = 8.0 F

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