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Paint 201: Practical Solutions and Problem-Solving Techniques www.benjaminmoore.com
Paint 201:
Practical Solutions and Problem-Solving
Techniques
www.benjaminmoore.com
Paint 201 Benjamin Moore & Co. 101 Paragon Drive Montvale, NJ 07645 IDCEC Class-code:XXXXXX Course Number:
Paint 201
Benjamin Moore & Co.
101 Paragon Drive
Montvale, NJ 07645
IDCEC Class-code:XXXXXX
Course Number: CEU-101875
Learning Units: 0.1
Benjamin Moore & Co. is a Registered Provider with IDCEC. This CEU is registered with the Interior Design Continuing Education Council (IDCEC) for continuing education credits. This
credit will be accepted by the American Society of Interior Designers (ASID), International Interior Designers Association (IIDA) and Interior Designers of Canada (IDC).
The content included is not deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by IDCEC of any material or construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing or dealing in any material or
product.
Questions related to specific materials, methods and services should be directed to the instructor or provider of this CEU.
This CEU will be reported on your behalf to IDCEC and you will receive an email notification. Please log in and complete the electronic survey for this CEU.
Certificates of completion will be automatically issued once you have submitted the online survey for this CEU.
Attendees who do not belong to ASID, IIDA or IDC and do not have a unique IDCEC number will be provided with a Certificate of Completion after this CEU.
This presentation is protected by US and International copyright laws. Reproduction, distribution, display and use of the presentation without
written permission of the speaker is prohibited.
Slide 2 of 73
©2009
Learning Objectives • • • • Classification of paints Factors affecting curing Surface preparation and priming
Learning Objectives
Classification of paints
Factors affecting curing
Surface preparation and priming techniques
Causes and solutions for common paint problems
Slide 3 of 41
Classifying Paints Introduction • Paints are classified by resin type • Oil and latex paints are
Classifying Paints
Introduction
Paints are classified by
resin type
Oil and latex paints are
the most common paints
Knowledge can prevent
problems
Slide 4 of 41
Classifying Paints How to Classify Paint • Classified by type of resin or curing mechanism •
Classifying Paints
How to Classify Paint
Classified by type of resin
or curing mechanism
Resin contributes to
performance
Curing method influences
drying time
Slide 5 of 41
Classifying Paints Resin Types • Oils/Alkyds • Latex/Acrylics • Epoxies • Urethanes Slide 6 of 41
Classifying Paints
Resin Types
Oils/Alkyds
Latex/Acrylics
Epoxies
Urethanes
Slide 6 of 41
Classifying Paints Curing Mechanisms • Solvent Evaporation – evaporation of solvent allows paint to dry •
Classifying Paints
Curing Mechanisms
Solvent Evaporation – evaporation of solvent allows
paint to dry
Coalescence – particles of pigment and binder fuse
together to bind the pigment
Oxidation – binder oxidizes as it reacts with the oxygen
in the air
Slide 7 of 41
Classifying Paints Drying vs. Curing • Drying occurs when solvent evaporates from coating • Curing occurs
Classifying Paints
Drying vs. Curing
Drying occurs when
solvent evaporates from
coating
Curing occurs when
coating has reached
optimum hardness
Slide 8 of 41
Classifying Paints Factors Affecting Curing • Temperature • Air Movement • Relative Humidity • Dew Point
Classifying Paints
Factors Affecting Curing
• Temperature
Air Movement
Relative Humidity
Dew Point
Slide 9 of 41
Classifying Paints Factors Affecting Curing, Cont’d… • Temperatures affect viscosity and bonding • Increased air movement
Classifying Paints
Factors Affecting Curing, Cont’d…
Temperatures affect
viscosity and bonding
Increased air movement
shortens dry time for oils
Increased air movement
can cause latex to crater
Slide 10 of 41
Classifying Paints Factors Affecting Curing, Cont’d… • High humidity can shift color in oils • High
Classifying Paints
Factors Affecting Curing, Cont’d…
High humidity can shift
color in oils
High and low humidity can
affect latex adversely
Dew point can affect
performance of paints
Slide 11 of 41
Surface Preparation and Primers Introduction • Proper surface preparation is key • Preparation and priming can
Surface Preparation and Primers
Introduction
Proper surface
preparation is key
Preparation and priming
can prevent problems
Critical with wood and
metal applications
Slide 12 of 41
Surface Preparation and Primers Painting Wood • Apply protective coating to clean, dry surface • Holes
Surface Preparation and Primers
Painting Wood
Apply protective coating
to clean, dry surface
Holes and cracks should
be filled
Type of wood will affect
painting process
Slide 13 of 41
Surface Preparation and Primers Staining Wood • Wood surface should be clean and dry • Set
Surface Preparation and Primers
Staining Wood
Wood surface should be
clean and dry
Set nail holes below
surface and fill-in
Remove any loose fibers
Slide 14 of 41
Surface Preparation and Primers Re-Staining Wood • Surface should be stripped of old finish • Wood
Surface Preparation and Primers
Re-Staining Wood
Surface should be stripped
of old finish
Wood bleach system may
be used for even color
Clear finishes require a
minimum of four coats
Slide 15 of 41
Surface Preparation and Primers Painting Masonry • Consider surface porosity and pH • Highly porous surfaces
Surface Preparation and Primers
Painting Masonry
Consider surface porosity
and pH
Highly porous surfaces
must be filled
Painting “hot” masonry
will “burn” the resin
Slide 16 of 41
Surface Preparation and Primers Painting Metal • Use latex or waterborne acrylic for galvanized steel •
Surface Preparation and Primers
Painting Metal
Use latex or waterborne
acrylic for galvanized
steel
Shipping coats should be
removed with a solvent
wash
Slide 17 of 41
Finish Coats Why do People Paint? • Color – sets mood, safety • Sheen – appearance
Finish Coats
Why do People Paint?
Color – sets mood, safety
Sheen – appearance and
performance
Protection – protects
surface from environment
Slide 18 of 41
Finish Coats Color red red red red red- red red red--- red red- red red--- purple
Finish Coats
Color
red
red
red
red
red-
red
red
red---
red
red-
red
red---
purple
purple
purple
purple
orange
orange
orange
orange
Color is the driving factor
when selecting paint
orange
orange
orange
orange
purple
purple
purple
purple
blue
blue
blue
blue----
yellow
yellow
yellow----
yellow
purple
purple
purple
purple
orange
orange
orange
orange
Color affects the body and
mind
blue
blue
blue
blue
yellow
yellow
yellow
yellow
blue
blue-
blue
blue---
yellow-
yellow
yellow
yellow---
green
green
green
green
green
green
green
green
Understanding color is
critical
green
green
green
green
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Finish Coats Color Schemes • Analogous – 3 colors side by side on color wheel •
Finish Coats
Color Schemes
Analogous – 3 colors side
by side on color wheel
Monochromatic – tints
and shade of 1 hue
Triad – 3 colors
equidistant on color wheel
Slide 20 of 41
Finish Coats Sheen Flat Flat Flat Flat Flat Flat Flat Flat Flat Flat Flat Flat Flat
Finish Coats
Sheen
Flat
Flat
Flat
Flat
Flat
Flat
Flat
Flat
Flat
Flat
Flat
Flat
Flat
Flat
Flat
Flat
Dull
Dull
Dull
Dull
Dull
Dull
Dull
Dull
(Appearance)
(Appearance)
(Appearance)
(Appearance)
(Appearance)
(Appearance)
(Appearance)
Sheen levels vary from flat
to high-gloss
(Appearance)
Matte
Matte
Matte
Matte
Matte
Matte
Matte
Matte
Matte
Matte
Matte
Matte
Matte
Matte
Matte
Matte
Eggshell
Eggshell
Eggshell
Eggshell
Eggshell
Eggshell
Eggshell
Eggshell
Eggshell
Eggshell
Eggshell
Eggshell
Eggshell
Eggshell
Eggshell
Eggshell
Pearl
Pearl
Pearl
Pearl
Pearl
Pearl
Pearl
Pearl
Pearl
Pearl
Pearl
Pearl
Pearl
Pearl
Pearl
Pearl
Glossy coatings offer extra
durability
Satin
Satin
Satin
Satin
Satin
Satin
Satin
Satin
Satin
Satin
Satin
Satin
Satin
Satin
Satin
Satin
Semi Gloss
Semi Gloss
Semi-
Semi
Semi
Semi Gloss
Semi-
Semi
Semi Gloss
Semi Gloss
Semi Gloss
Semi
Semi Gloss
Semi----Gloss
Semi Gloss
Semi----Gloss
---Gloss
---Gloss
Gloss
Gloss
Gloss
Gloss
Glossy
Glossy
Glossy
Glossy
Glossy
Glossy
Glossy
Glossy
High gloss shows defects –
flat hides imperfections
High-
High
High
High
High-
High Gloss
High Gloss
High Gloss
High----Gloss
High Gloss
High----Gloss
High Gloss
High Gloss
High Gloss
High
High Gloss
---Gloss
---Gloss Gloss
Gloss
Gloss
Gloss
(Durability)
(Durability)
(Durability)
(Durability)
(Durability)
(Durability)
(Durability)
(Durability)
Slide 21 of 41
Finish Coats Sheen, Cont’d… APPEARANCE APPEARANCE APPEARANCE APPEARANCE APPEARANCE APPEARANCE APPEARANCE APPEARANCE APPEARANCE APPEARANCE APPEARANCE APPEARANCE
Finish Coats
Sheen, Cont’d…
APPEARANCE
APPEARANCE
APPEARANCE
APPEARANCE
APPEARANCE
APPEARANCE
APPEARANCE
APPEARANCE
APPEARANCE
APPEARANCE
APPEARANCE
APPEARANCE
APPEARANCE
APPEARANCE
APPEARANCE
APPEARANCE
DURABILITY
DURABILITY
DURABILITY
DURABILITY
DURABILITY
DURABILITY
DURABILITY
DURABILITY
DURABILITY
DURABILITY
DURABILITY
DURABILITY
DURABILITY
DURABILITY
DURABILITY
DURABILITY
Higher
Higher sheens accentuate surface defects,
Higher sheens accentuate surface defects,
Higher sheens accentuate surface defects,
Higher sheens accentuate surface defects,
Higher
Higher sheens accentuate surface defects,
Higher sheens accentuate surface defects,
Higher sheens accentuate surface defects,
Higher sheens accentuate surface defects,
Higher sheens accentuate surface defects,
Higher sheens accentuate surface
Higher sheens accentuate surface defects,
Higher sheens
Higher sheens
Higher sheens accentuate surface defects,
sheens accentuate
sheens accentuate
accentuate surface defects,
accentuate surface
surface defects,
surface defects,
defects,
defects,
Higher sheens are generally more durable
Higher
Higher
Higher sheens are generally more durable
Higher sheens are generally more durable
Higher sheens are generally more durable
Higher sheens are generally more more durable durable
Higher sheens are generally more durable
Higher sheens are generally more durable
Higher sheens
Higher sheens are generally more durable
Higher sheens are generally more durable
Higher sheens
Higher sheens are generally more durable
Higher sheens are generally more durable
Higher sheens are generally more durable
sheens are
sheens are
are generally
are generally
generally more more durable
generally more durable
durable
textures, and imperfections
textures, and imperfections
textures, and imperfections
textures, and
textures,
textures,
textures, and imperfections
textures, and imperfections
textures, and imperfections
textures, and imperfections
textures, and imperfections
textures, and imperfections
textures, and imperfections
textures, and imperfections
textures, and imperfections
textures, and
and imperfections
and imperfections
imperfections
imperfections
due
due
due
due
due
due
due
due
due
due
due
due
due totototototototo their higher resin content
due
due totototototototo their higher resin content
due
their higher resin content
their
their higher resin content
their higher resin content
their
their higher resin content
their higher
their higher
their higher resin content
their higher resin content
their higher resin content
their higher resin content
their higher resin
their higher resin content
higher resin content
higher resin
resin content
resin content
content
content
Flat hides surface defects and
Flat
Flat
Flat hides surface defects and
Flat hides surface defects and
Flat hides surface defects and
Flat hides surface defects and
Flat hides surface defects and
Flat hides surface defects and
Flat hides surface defects and
Flat hides surface defects and
Flat hides surface defects
Flat hides
Flat hides surface defects and isisisisisisisis the most
Flat hides
Flat hides surface defects and isisisisisisisis the most
hides surface
hides surface
surface defects and
surface defects
defects and
defects and
and
and
the
the most
the most
the
the most
the most
the most
the most
the most
the most
the most
the most
the most
the most
most
most
Lower sheens are not asasasasasasasas durable but are
Lower
Lower sheens are not
Lower
Lower sheens are not
Lower sheens are not
Lower sheens are not asasasasasasasas durable but are
Lower sheens are not
Lower sheens
Lower sheens are not
Lower sheens are not
Lower sheens
Lower sheens are
Lower sheens are not
Lower sheens are not
Lower sheens are not
sheens are
sheens are not
are not
are not
not
not
durable but
durable
durable
durable but are
durable but are
durable but are
durable but
durable but are
durable but are
durable but are
durable but are
durable but are
durable but are
durable but are
but are
but are
are
are
forgiving
forgiving sheen
forgiving
forgiving sheen
forgiving sheen
forgiving sheen
forgiving sheen
forgiving sheen
forgiving sheen
forgiving sheen
forgiving sheen
forgiving sheen
forgiving sheen
forgiving sheen
forgiving sheen
forgiving sheen
sheen
sheen
easily cleaned
easily
easily cleaned
easily
easily cleaned
easily cleaned
easily cleaned
easily cleaned
easily cleaned
easily cleaned
easily cleaned
easily cleaned
easily cleaned
easily cleaned
easily cleaned
easily cleaned
cleaned
cleaned
Lower
Lower sheens soften the appearance
Lower sheens soften the appearance
Lower sheens soften the appearance
Lower sheens soften the appearance
Lower
Lower sheens soften the appearance
Lower sheens soften the appearance
Lower sheens soften the appearance
Lower sheens soften the
Lower sheens soften the appearance ofofofofofofofof aaaaaaaa
Lower sheens soften the appearance
Lower sheens soften the appearance ofofofofofofofof aaaaaaaa
Lower sheens
Lower sheens soften the appearance
Lower sheens
sheens soften
sheens soften
soften the
soften the appearance
the appearance
the appearance
appearance
appearance
Glossy
Glossy finishes
Glossy finishes provide
Glossy finishes provide
Glossy finishes provide
Glossy finishes provide
Glossy
Glossy finishes provide
Glossy finishes
Glossy finishes provide aaaaaaaa smooth luster and
Glossy finishes provide
Glossy finishes provide
Glossy finishes provide
Glossy finishes provide
Glossy finishes provide
Glossy finishes provide aaaaaaaa smooth luster and
finishes provide
finishes provide
provide
provide
smooth
smooth
smooth luster and
smooth luster and
smooth luster and
smooth luster
smooth luster and
smooth luster and
smooth luster and
smooth luster and
smooth luster and
smooth luster and
smooth luster
smooth luster and
luster and
luster and
and
and
room
room and makes walls look
room
room and makes walls look smooth
room and makes walls look smooth
room and makes walls look smooth
room and makes walls look smooth
room and makes walls look smooth
room and makes walls look smooth
room and makes walls look smooth
room and
room and makes walls look smooth
room and
room and makes walls look smooth
room and makes walls look smooth
room and makes walls look smooth
and makes
and makes
makes walls
makes walls
walls look
walls look smooth
look smooth
look smooth
smooth
smooth
are excellent for trim, doors, and furniture
are excellent for trim, doors, and furniture
are excellent for trim, doors, and furniture
are excellent for trim, doors, and
are excellent for trim, doors, and furniture
are
are
are excellent for trim, doors, and furniture
are excellent for trim, doors, and furniture
are excellent
are excellent for trim, doors, and furniture
are excellent for trim, doors, and furniture
are excellent for trim, doors, and furniture
are excellent
are excellent for trim, doors, and furniture
are excellent for trim, doors, and furniture
excellent for
excellent for
for trim,
for trim,
trim, doors,
trim, doors,
doors, and furniture
doors, and
and furniture
and furniture
furniture
furniture
Slide 22 of 41
Finish Coats Residential Protection • Coatings provide color and protection Dull (Appearance) • Interior paint provides
Finish Coats
Residential Protection
Coatings provide color and
protection
Dull
(Appearance)
Interior paint provides
washability
Exterior surface paint
provides protection
Glossy
(Durability)
Slide 23 of 41
Finish Coats Commercial Protection • Coatings offer chemical and abuse resistance Dull (Appearance) • Important component
Finish Coats
Commercial Protection
Coatings offer chemical
and abuse resistance
Dull
(Appearance)
Important component of
facilities maintenance
Two-component coatings
are often used
Glossy
(Durability)
Slide 24 of 41
Finish Coats Specialty Protection • Spray applications Dull (Appearance) • Low VOC emission • Splatter resistance
Finish Coats
Specialty Protection
Spray applications
Dull
(Appearance)
Low VOC emission
Splatter resistance
Glossy
Extreme durability
(Durability)
Slide 25 of 41
Problem Solving Blocking • Two painted surfaces become stuck together Dull (Appearance) • Insufficient drying time
Problem Solving
Blocking
Two painted surfaces
become stuck together
Dull
(Appearance)
Insufficient drying time or
low quality gloss paint
High-quality latex offers
good blocking resistance
Glossy
(Durability)
Slide 26 of 41
Problem Solving Yellowing • Oils may yellow due to continuing oxidation Dull (Appearance) • Can also
Problem Solving
Yellowing
Oils may yellow due to
continuing oxidation
Dull
(Appearance)
Can also be caused by
exposure to heat sources
Using high-quality latex
will minimize yellowing
Glossy
(Durability)
Slide 27 of 41
Problem Solving Lapping • Lapping refers to a non- uniform appearance Dull (Appearance) • Caused by
Problem Solving
Lapping
Lapping refers to a non-
uniform appearance
Dull
(Appearance)
Caused by failure to
maintain a “wet-edge”
Apply paint back onto the
just painted surface
Glossy
(Durability)
Slide 28 of 41
Problem Solving Hatbanding • Caused by excessive cutting-in with a brush Dull (Appearance) • May also
Problem Solving
Hatbanding
Caused by excessive
cutting-in with a brush
Dull
(Appearance)
May also be caused by
applying wet finish to dry
Important to feather
edges when cutting-in
Glossy
(Durability)
Slide 29 of 41
Problem Solving Sagging • Refers to downward dripping of the paint Dull (Appearance) • Caused by
Problem Solving
Sagging
Refers to downward
dripping of the paint
Dull
(Appearance)
Caused by applying paint
too heavily
Immediately re-roll or
brush out
Glossy
(Durability)
Slide 30 of 41
Problem Solving Blistering • Excess moisture or poorly prepared chalked surface Dull (Appearance) • Remove with
Problem Solving
Blistering
Excess moisture or poorly
prepared chalked surface
Dull
(Appearance)
Remove with pressurized
water and scrape off
Caulk cracks, holes and
seams
Glossy
(Durability)
Slide 31 of 41
Problem Solving Chalking • Slight chalking of exterior paint is normal Dull (Appearance) • Can cause
Problem Solving
Chalking
Slight chalking of exterior
paint is normal
Dull
(Appearance)
Can cause peeling
problems
Wash surface with
detergent
Glossy
(Durability)
Slide 32 of 41
Problem Solving Mildew • High humidity, poor ventilation, no sunlight Dull (Appearance) • Use of low-quality
Problem Solving
Mildew
High humidity, poor
ventilation, no sunlight
Dull
(Appearance)
Use of low-quality paint
with little mildewcide
Apply one part bleach to
three parts water
Glossy
(Durability)
Slide 33 of 41
Problem Solving Cracking and Flaking • Occurs over wood with non-porous flat grain Dull (Appearance) •
Problem Solving
Cracking and Flaking
Occurs over wood with
non-porous flat grain
Dull
(Appearance)
Caused by seasonal
weather fluctuations
Lightly sand and coat with
a primer
Glossy
(Durability)
Slide 34 of 41
Problem Solving Tanning Staining Dull (Appearance) • Tannins can be activated by paint or stain •
Problem Solving
Tanning Staining
Dull
(Appearance)
Tannins can be activated
by paint or stain
Seal with a barrier coat
Glossy
(Durability)
Extreme cases may
require a primer
Good
Good
Good
Good
Bad
Bad
Bad
Bad
Slide 35 of 41
Problem Solving Surfactant Leaching • Latex paints contain surfactants Dull (Appearance) • Moisture or low temperatures
Problem Solving
Surfactant Leaching
Latex paints contain
surfactants
Dull
(Appearance)
Moisture or low
temperatures during
curing
Glossy
(Durability)
Flush area with water
Slide 36 of 41
Problem Solving Questions to Ask • What – product, drying method, surface preparation Dull (Appearance) •
Problem Solving
Questions to Ask
What – product, drying method, surface preparation
Dull
(Appearance)
Where – location of surface
When – atmospheric conditions
Glossy
(Durability)
How – applied with a brush or roller
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Thank You for Attending!
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www.benjaminmoore.com
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