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PsychiatricNursingisoneofthemostchallengingnursingsubspecialties.
Psychiatricnursescareforthepatientsphysicalwellnessandtheirmentalwell
being.
AlsoRead:50MnemonicsandTricksEveryNurseShouldKnow

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Therearemanymentalhealthproblemsnowadaysandyoumightfinditdifficult
tomemorizethethingsyouneedtokeepinmindforthissubspecialty.Tohelp
youunderstandpsychiatricnursinginaneasyway,herearesomeofthemost
awesomemnemonicsandtricksthatyoushouldknownow.

1.TypesofAntidepressantsandCommon
SideEffects.

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Ingeneral,therearefivetypesofantidepressant,eachofwhichhastheir
respectivesideeffects.Youshouldwatchoutforthesesideeffectsasmost
psychiatricpatientstakethesedrugsforlongperiodsoftime.

2.SSRIs.

SelectiveserotoninreuptakeinhibitorsorSSRIsarecommonlyusedforthe
treatmentofanxietydisorders,depressionandsomeformsofpersonality
disorders.Themnemonicabovepresentsthethingsyoushouldrememberwhen
givingSSRIstopsychiatricpatients.

3.ActionsofAntidepressants.

Withthehelpofthisdiagram,youcaneasilyunderstandhowantidepressants
work.Theantidepressantsmechanismofactionfeaturesdifferentstagesof
nerveabsorptionasfeaturedintheaboveimage.

4.ColorofDrugs.

Withthisdiagram,youcanunderstandthepsychologicaleffectsofdifferent
chemicalneurotransmittersorhormonesnamelydopamine,serotonin,oxytocin,
noradrenalineandadrenaline.

5.PsychiatricDrugDiagram.

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Therearefourmainpsychiatricdrugsusednowadaysstimulants,

antipsychotics,depressantsandhallucinogens.Becausetherearelotsofdrugs
beingdevelopedinthesefourmainpsychiatricdrugcategories,thisdiagram
willhelpyouunderstandtheactionofthesedrugs.Itisahelpfulstudyaidif
youarejuststartinginpsychiatricnursing.

6.PsychiatricAssessment.
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Patientassessmentisoneofthemostchallengingaspectsofpsychiatric
nursing.Thethingsyouneedtoassessinapsychiatricpatientcanbeeasily
rememberedwiththemnemonicAlwaysSendMailThroughthePostOffice
Appearance,Speech,MemoryorMood,Thoughts,PerceptionandOrientation.
AlsoRead:50NursingMnemonicsandAcronymsYouNeedtoKnow
Now

7.StressReductionMethods.

Areyouhavingahardtimeineasingdownyourstressedpatient?Hereare
someofthetricksyoucanuseinreducingpatientsstress.Youcanadvise
doingdifferentactivitiessuchasmeditating,breathingexercises,regular
exerciseandmanymore.

8.PsychobehaviorRoleofaNurse.

Thereare3Rsinthepsychobehaviorroleofanurserecognition,relationship
andresourcesorreferral.Applyingthese3Rsinthehospitalsettingis
importantespeciallywhencounselingpatientsandtheirrelatives.

9.SuicidePrecautions.

Thismnemonicishelpfulwhencaringforpatientswithsuicidaltendencies.Itis
importanttorememberthethingsthatshouldnotbeavailablewithinreachofa
suicidalpatient.

10.SundowningSyndrome.

Sundowningsyndromeiscomposedofdifferentbehavioralproblemsthat
changeindifferentpartsoftheday.Itiseasytorememberthesesignsand
symptomsasbehaviortendstochangeasthedayprogresses.Sundowning
syndromeiscommonlyassociatedwithdementiaandAlzheimersdisease.

11.Bulimia.

Bulimiaisaneatingdisordercharacterizedbybingeeatingfollowedby
inducementofvomiting.Thesignsandsymptomsofthiseatingdisorderare
presentedabovesoyoucanrememberiteasily.

12.AnorexiaNervosa.

Theoppositeofbulimia,anorexianervosaisanothereatingdisorderinwhich
thepatientrefusestoeatanythingatall.Justlikeinbulimia,ananorexic
patientviewsherselfasaveryfatpersonwheninfactsheisactuallytoothin
forherbodybuilt.

13.Dementia.

Whencaringforpatientswithdementia,youneedtoensurethattheabove
problemsarenotpresentsoyoucanpreventcomplications.Itisusuallypartof
thesupportivecareutilizedfordementiapatients.

14.AlzheimersDisease.

ThediagnosisofAlzheimersDiseasecommonamongelderlypatientsiskeyed
by5Asanomia,apraxia,agnosia,amnesiaandaphasia.Thesymptomsmay
appearoneaftertheotherbuttheearliestsymptomknowntoAlzheimers
diseasepatientsistheinabilitytoremembernamesoranomia.

15.Schizophrenia.

Schizophreniaisamentaldisorderwherethepatientlivesinhisownunreal
world.Othersymptomsincludeauditoryhallucinations,falsebeliefs,confused
thinkingandinactivity.

16.PsychiatricNursingMap.

Theabovemnemonicisacompilationofthepsychiatricassessmentpointsthat
youshouldremember.Fromnormalbehaviorandanxietytoschizophreniaand
mania,youcanfindthischarthelpfulduringreviewsandpsychiatric
assessments.

17.EffectsofPsychotropicMedicationson
Neurotransmitters.

HereisashorttableofSSRIsandtricyclicantidepressants.Throughthistable,
youcancomparethetwodrugclassificationsintermsofactionon
neurotransmitters,physiologicaleffectsandsideeffects.
AlsoRead:LaboratoryValuesandInterpretationANursesUltimate
Guide

18.BipolarDisorder.

Thebipolardisorderischaracterizedbyepisodesofmanicanddepressive

attacks.Thesecontrastingsymptomsmayhappenanytimewithoutwarning.
Theabovemnemonicfeaturesthesignsandsymptomsforeachattack.

19.ManicAttack.

Themanicattackispresentinavarietyofmentaldisordersparticularlythe
bipolardisorder.Itischaracterizedbyagility,abnormallyexcitedandirritable
moodandgrandiosity.

20.ChildAbuse.

Wheneveryoususpectchildabuse,youshouldwatchoutfortheabovesigns
andsymptoms.Thechildvictimaswellastheparentsandrelativesofthechild
shouldundergocounseling.Inmostcases,authoritiesinterveneinthecareof
thechildabusedsofutureabuseswillbeavoided.

21.CocaineUsers/Abusers.

Cocaineorcrackusersandabusersusuallypresentauniquesetofsignsand
symptoms.Personsbeingsuspectedforthiskindofdrugabuseshouldbe
evaluatedfortheabovelistedsignsandsymptoms.

22.LanguageoftheEyes.

Areyoususpectingyourpatientfordrugorsubstanceabuse?Hereisachart
featuringthedifferenteyepresentationsofdrug/substanceabusers.Itishelpful
inassessmentbutdiagnosisshouldbesupportedbyotherobservedsignsand
symptomsaswellaslaboratoryexaminations.

23.AlcoholDetoxProtocol.

Hereisaflowofcareneededforpatientsbeingtreatedforalcoholintoxication.
Usually,apatientintoxicatedwithalcoholneeds3drugsmagnesium,
multivitaminandthiamineinjections.Knowingwhentoadministerthesedrugs
asorderedbythedoctorisessentialinrespondingquicklyduringemergency
situations.

24.7StagesofGrief.

Emotionalsupportisacriticalpartofcareamongpsychiatricpatients.Hereisa
diagramfeaturingtheimportantpointstorememberwhendealingwithpatients
undergoingthesevenstagesofgrief.

25.BetweenMinds.

Hereisaneasytorememberdiagramaboutthefunctionsandcharacteristicsof
eachsideofthebrain.Thisisamustknowifyouareinthefieldsofpersonal
development,coachingandpsychiatriccare.

AbouttheAuthor:JeAbarraisanursebyprofessionandafreelancewriterbypassion.
Sheisworkingasastaffnurseinthepediatricwardofaprivatecityhospitalformore
thantwoyears.Duringherfreetime,sheusuallywritesaboutherfascinationsinhealth
andnursing.Shelovestoprovidetipsandfunfactsaboutnursingandhealthyliving.
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50NursingMnemonics

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Angelique Anne Miranda


Ateneo de Zamboanga University

Ward 9 feels!
Like Reply Dec 12, 2014 8:48am

Sandi Schanaberger Hucker


Neonatal Special Care/Neonatal Intensive Care Registered Nurse at Vista
Medical Center East

helpful
Like Reply Nov 24, 2014 11:34pm

Sandi Schanaberger Hucker


Neonatal Special Care/Neonatal Intensive Care Registered Nurse at Vista
Medical Center East

helpful
Like Reply Nov 24, 2014 11:34pm

.
at Palestinian Ministry of Health

very good
Like Reply Nov 17, 2014 2:33pm

Kelly Petit
LCSW at Billings Clinic

Thanks!
Like Reply Sep 15, 2014 6:02pm

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