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Health Related Physical Fitness

A healthy lifestyle is vitally important, but many of us struggle for
one reason or another. You might not have a clear idea of the
steps you need to take to get started. Or you may have that part
down, but have a tough time staying on track when you hit one of
those inevitable bumps in the road. Don’t worry if any of this
sounds like you – the information here will give you the knowledge
you need to work toward achieving a healthy lifestyle. Lifestyle
changes aren’t always easy, so it’ll take a little effort to get there.
It’s worth it, though - and we’re here to help you find your way past
any stumbling blocks. The key to success lies in changing your old,
bad habits. It’s all up to you - no one can force you to do this. You’ll
need to get used to leading your life in a healthier way. In other
words, get rid of your old, unhealthy habits and form better ones.
It’s a steady, step-by-step process. Health related fitness is all
about psychology, personal health and how physical activity
influences us as a person. This is important for anyone who wants
to live a physically active lifestyle to support a higher quality of life.
Exercise can be a structured process of physical activity such as
going to the gym, taking cardio classes and lifting weights. Or, can
also be anything from walking to the park to intensive cardio
workouts
INTRODUCTION
Physical fitness is a general state of health and well-being or
specifically the ability to perform aspects of sports or occupations.
Physical fitness is generally achieved through correct nutrition,
exercise, hygiene and rest. It is a set of attributes or characteristics
that people have or achieve that relates to the ability to perform
physical activity. Before the industrial revolution, fitness was the
capacity to carry out the day’s activities without undue fatigue.
However with automation and changes in lifestyles physical fitness
is now considered a measure of the body’s ability to function
efficiently and effectively in work and leisure activities, to be
healthy, to resist hypokinetic diseases, and to meet emergency
situations.
Health is the level of functional or metabolic efficiency of a living
organism. In humans, it is the general condition of a person's mind
and body, usually meaning to be free from illness, injury or pain (as
in "good health" or "healthy").

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Physical fitness is discussed here in two major categories: health-related physical fitness and motorperformance physical fitness. i. Modern definition of fitness describes either a person or machine's ability to perform a specific function or a holistic definition of human adaptability to cope with various situations. strength or endurance. rather than one. Around 1950. power. and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. mastery of several attributes of fitness including strength. A well rounded fitness program will improve a person in all aspects of fitness. perhaps consistent with the industrial revolution and the treatise of WWII. such as only cardio/respiratory endurance or only weight training. This has lead to an interrelation of human fitness and attractiveness. TYPES OF PHYSICAL FITNESS Physical fitness is a general concept and is defined in many ways by different scientists. fitness is attributed to personnel who possess significant aerobic or anaerobic ability." it remains the most enduring. Regarding specific function." Although this definition has been subject to controversy. A holistic definition of fitness is described by Greg Glassman in the Cross Fit journal as an increased work capacity across broad times and model domains. in particular as lacking operational value and because of the problem created by use of the word "complete. the term fitness increased in western vernacular by a factor of ten. among which a recent definition that correlates health and personal satisfaction. which has mobilized global fitness and fitness equipment industries. Classification systems such as the WHO Family of International Classifications.e. balance and coordination and being able to improve the amount of work done in a given time with any of these domains. endurance. mental. Fitness is defined as the quality of being suitable to perform a particular task. speed. Other definitions have been proposed. Despite some overlap between 2 . including the International Classification of Functioning.The World Health Organization defined health in its broader sense in 1946 as "a state of complete physical. Disability and Health (ICF) and The International Classification of Diseases (ICD). are commonly used to define and measure the components of health.

and cardiorespiratory endurance. Individuals with very low levels of muscular strength and endurance are limited in the performance of routine tasks and have to lead a restricted life. including cardiovascular disease. Health Related Physical Fitness Health-related physical fitness is defined as fitness related to some aspect of health. Lack of flexibility in the lower back and posterior thigh is thought to contribute to low back pain. Minimal levels of muscular strength and endurance are needed for routine tasks of living. Aerobic fitness refers to the integrated functional capacity of 3 . type II (adult-onset) diabetes mellitus.  Strength and endurance of skeletal muscles of the trunk help maintain correct posture and prevent such problems as low back pain. Extreme lack of flexibility also has a deleterious effect on the quality of life by limiting performance. is probably what most people identify as physical fitness. or aerobic fitness. but exercise habits play a crucial role in preventing obesity and maintaining acceptable levels of body fat. joint flexibility. Excess body fat is clearly related to several health problems. body composition.  Body composition refers to the ratio between fat and lean tissue in the body. as described below. also ranks as an important component of health-related fitness. there are major differences. it is a dynamic state and may change. such as carrying bags of groceries or picking up a young child. Body composition is affected by diet. thus. Physical characteristics that constitute health-related physical fitness include strength and endurance of skeletal muscles. This type of physical fitness is primarily influenced by an individual’s exercise habits. and all are related to health. or range of motion around the joints.  Cardio-respiratory endurance. All these attributes change in response to appropriate physical conditioning programs. and certain forms of cancer.these classifications.  Flexibility.

as stated above. the 50-yard dash. These traits are important for success in many types of athletics. Motor Performance Physical Fitness Motor performance fitness is defined as the ability of the neuromuscular system to perform specific tasks. and the shuttle run (a timed run in which the participant dashes back and forth between two points).the heart. sit-ups. The primary physical characteristics measured by these tests are the strength and endurance of the skeletal muscles and the speed or power of the legs. the standing long jump. vascular system. lungs. Muscular strength and endurance are also related to some aspects of health. and skeletal muscles to expend energy. IMPORTANCE OF HEALTH RELATED PHYSICAL FITNESS             Be healthier Increase your chances of living longer Feel better about yourself Reduce the chance of becoming depressed Sleep better at night Look good Be in shape Get around better Have stronger muscles and bones Achieve or maintain a healthy weight Be with friends or meet new people Have fun PHYSICAL ACTIVITY REDUCES RISK  Heart disease  Stroke  High blood pressure  Type 2 diabetes  Obesity  Depression 4 . Test items used to assess motor-performance fitness include chin-ups.

parks and condominiums. Breast and colon cancer  Osteoporosis CONCLUSION Effective intervention programs promoting changes in physical fitness standards are needed in order to contribute to the development of healthier levels of motor performance. especially based on public policy initiatives that provide opportunities for physical activity and sports in neighborhoods. 5 .