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Estimation of Population

Area:
Open Area:
Roads etc.:
Built-up area:
Built-up area:
FAR:
Total Floor Space:
Average Height of Buildings
Percent Residential Area:
Residential Area:
Population Density:
Estimated Population (2032):

100
60
10
30
121380
2.5
1011500
8
75
758625
25
30345

Estimation of Water Demand


Average per capita domestic Demand (2033):
Domestic Water Demand (2033):
Temporary Population (2033):
Average per capita temporary Demand (2033):
Temporary Water Demand (2033):
Commercial Water Demand (2033):
Horticultural Demand:
Average Daily Demand (2033):
Maximum Daily Demand (2033):
Maximum Hourly Demand (2033):
Fire Demand (2033):
Storage Required for:
Storage Capacity (2033):

235
7.13
10000
60
0.60
3.57
1.21
12.51
22.52
37.53
0.55
6.00
4.30

Inlet Channel Design


Design
Q (Maximum Daily Demand):
Q (Maximum Daily Demand):
Scourning Velocity (Vsc): (2.5 mm particles)
n
b
h
S
R
Horizontal velocity (Vh):

0.261

> Vsc

22.519
0.261
0.805
0.012
0.200
1.090
0.005
0.092
1.197

Design of Silt Excluder


Design
Q (Maximum Daily Demand):
Scourning Velocity (Vsc): (0.25 mm particles)
Settling Velocity (Vs): (0.2 mm particles):
Width (B):
Cw:
Height over Weir (H):
Height of Weir (Hw):
Depth of flow in weir (h1):
Horizontal velocity (VH):
Detention time (T):
Length (L):
Length provided:
Effective Detention Time (TE):

< Vsc

0.261
0.254
0.032
0.900
0.950
0.168
1.100
1.268
0.228
40.028
9.142
13.713
60.04

Design of Primary Sedimentation Tank


Design of Settling Zone
Q (Maximum Daily Demand):
Surface Overflow Rate (SOR):
Surface Area (As):
Surface Area Provided:
No. of Tanks
Area of Each Tank
Length (L):
Width (B):
L/B:
Depth (D):
L/D:
Total Volume (V):
Detention time (T):
Critical Settling Velocity (Vs):
Critical Diameter (d):
Scouring Velocity (Vsc):
Horizontal Velocity (vH):

Design of Inlet Weir


Weir Loading Rate:
Length of Weir:
Top width of weir:
Angle of V-notch (Theta):
No. of Weirs:
Flow per weir:
Ce:

Design

Okay
Okay
Okay
Okay
Okay
Okay

Okay

0.261
30.00
750.62
760.00
2.00
380.00
25.33
15.00
1.69
4.00
6.33
3040.00
3.24
3.47E-04
0.020
0.072
0.0022

Design
31.28
30.00
0.50
90.00
60.00
0.0043
1.36

(H+k)^5/2
H+k
k:
Depth of flow through weir, H
Heght of V-notch above inlet channel bed
Width of weir channel (b):
Detention time in weir channel (t):

Design of Outlet Weir


Weir Loading Rate:
Length of Weir required:
Top width of weir:
Angle of V-notch (Theta):
No. of Weirs:
Flow per weir:
Ce:
(H+k)^5/2
H+k
k:
Depth of flow through weir, H
Heght of V-notch above inlet channel bed
Width of weir channel (b):
Detention time in weir channel (t):

Primary Sludge Production


Q:
Q:
Influent Suspended Solids Concentration:
Effluent Suspended Solids Comcentration:
Mass of Solids in Sludge (daily basis):
Density of Solids in Sludge:
Volume of Solids in Sludge (daily basis):
Percent Solids in Sludge (w/w):
Mass of Sludge (daily basis):
Mass of Water in Sludge (daily basis):
Density of Water:
Volume of Water in Sludge (daily basis):
Total Mass of Sludge (daily basis):
Total Volume of Sludge (daily basis) [QP]:
Density of Sludge:

0.0032
0.1003
8.85E-04
9.94
10.00
1.00
22.95

Design
12.51
75.00
0.50
90.00
150.00
0.0017
1.36
0.0013
0.0695
8.85E-04
6.86
10.00
1.00
48.53

Design
22.52
0.261
750.00
150.00
13511
2650
5.10
4.00
337781
324270
1000
324.27
337781
0.33
1025.54

Rapid Mix Tank Design:


Q:
Q:
Detention Time (t):
Volume:

22.52
0.261
40
10.43

Diameter:
Cross-sectional Area:
Height:
Freeboard:
Total Height:
H/D:
G:
Gt:
vp:
v
Cd:
Kinematic Viscosity:
Ap:
Tank Sectional Area:
Ap/Tank Sectional Area:
DI:
DI/D:
Length of blade (L):
L/DI:
Breadth of Blade (B):
B/DI:
Area of each Blade
No. of Blades
Blade thickness (t):
Clearence from tank bottom:
Rotation Speed of Paddles (w):
Dynamic Viscosity:
Power Requirement:

2.50
4.91
2.12
0.50
2.62
0.85
400
16000
1.80
1.35
1.80
1.01E-06
0.76
5.31
0.14
1.00
0.40
0.20
0.20
0.15
0.15
0.03
25.36
0.05
1.00
34
1.02E-03
1.70

Flocculation Tank Design:


Q:
Q:
Detention time (t):
Volume(V):
G:
Gt:
No. of paddle shafts (breadth-wise):
Paddle Diameter (DI):
Bottom clearance:
Submergence:
Depth of Tank (D):
Surface Area (A):
Side clearance:
Distance between Paddle Shafts:
Length of Tank (L):
Width of Tank (W):
L:W
End Clearance:
Paddle Length (l):
vp:
v

325

22.52
0.261
20.00
313
30
36000
2.00
5
0.50
0.50
6.00
54.17
0.25
5.25
10.75
5.04
2.13
0.25
4.54
0.40
0.30

Cd:
Kinematic Viscosity:
Ap:
Tank Sectional Area:
Ap(per shaft)/Tank sectional Area:
No. of Paddles per shaft
Area per paddle
Breadth of paddle (b):
Blade thickness (t):
Rotation Speed of Paddles (w):
Dynamic Viscosity:
Power Requirement:

1.80
1.01E-06
11.70
30.23
0.19
4.00
1.46
0.32
0.05
1.53
1.02E-03
298

Design of Secondary Sedimentation Tank


Tank Dimensions

Secondary Sludge Production


Q:
Q:
Influent Suspended Solids Concentration:
Effluent Suspended Solids Comcentration:
Mass of Suspended Solids Solids Removed:
Alum Dose
Alum Added:
Molecular Wt. of Alum
Alum Added:
Aluminum Hydroxide produced:
Molecular Wt. of Aluminum Hydroxide
Aluminum Hydroxide produced:
Total Mass of Solids Removed
Solids Content of Secondary Sludge
Total Mass of Sludge
Weight of Water in Sludge
Density of Water:
Volume of Water in Sludge
Density of Aluminum Hydroxide
Volume of Aluminum Hydroxide Sludge
Density of Suspended Solids

Design

Design
22.52
0.261
150.00
20.00
2927.44
30
676
666
1014
2029
78
158
3086
3
102856
99770
1000
99.77
1200
0.13
2650

Volume of Suspended Solids


Total Sludge Volume
Density of Sludge:

1.10
101.01
1018.31

Rapid Sand Filtration System Design:


Flowrate (Q):
No. of Filters Used in Parallel:
No. of Filter Cycles, /filter / d:
Time filter off-line: (for backwashing etc)
Time Filter On-Line:
Filtration Rate (Vs):
Backwash Rate:
Filter Backwash Time:
Filter Cross-Sectional Area (A):
Water Requirement for Backwashing (B)
Total Water Produced:
Time for producing backwash water:
Time for producing process water:
Cross-Sectional Area / Filter:
Length:
Breadth:
L:B
Actual Water Production (Q):

22.52
8.00
3.00
1.50
22.50
10.00
1.00
5.00
107.23
1608.48
24127.22
1.50
21.00
13.40
4.25
3.15
1.35
22.52

Determination of Disinfectant Dose:


Flowrate (Q):
pH:
BOD5:
Ammonia N:
Desired Free Residual Chlorine
Desired Log Removal of Giardia Cysts:
Instantaneous Chlorine Demand:
Moles of Ammonia:
Breakpoint Chlorination Dose:
Required Chlorine Dose:
"CT" Credit (in Log Removals):
Desired Log Removal by Chlorination:
CT for 2 log Kill of Giardia at pH 7:
pK of HOCL/OCl-:
Fraction of HOCl at pH 7:
Fraction of HOCL at pH 7.5:

"CT" for 3-log Kill at pH 7


Required Contact Time:
Chlorine Requirement

22.52
7.5
3.00
2.00
2.00
5.00
3.00
1.43E-04
15.21
20.21
2.00
3.00
39
7.50
0.760
0.500
0.067
89
44.4
39329

Design of Underground Tank:

Total Storage:
Maximum Water Demand:
Peak Water Demand:
Minimum Detention time in UGT:
Minimum volume of Water in UGT:
Maximum Storage in UGT:
Depth at Maximum Storage:
Freeboard:
Surface Area:
Length:
Breadth:
Minimum Depth of Storage:

4.30
22.52
37.53
44.4
1.16
2.30
5
1
460
23
20
2.52

ation
acres
acres
acres
acres
sq. m.
sq. m.
stories
percent
sq. m.
sq m / person
persons

Given
Given
Given
Given
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Given
Calculated

lpcd
MLD
persons
lpcd
MLD
MLD
MLD
MLD
MLD
MLD
ML
hours
ML

Given
Calculated
Given
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated

Demand

Channel Design
Unit
MLD
cum / s
m/s
m
m
m
m/s

Low Flow
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Given
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated

0.072

>Vsc

6.255
0.072
0.805
0.012
0.200
0.336
0.005
0.077
1.067

MLD
cum / s
m/s
m
m
m
m/s

n of Silt Excluder
Unit
cum / s
m/s
m/s
m
m
m
m
s
m
m
s

Low Flow
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Given
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated

< Vsc

imentation Tank
Unit

Range

m3/s
m3/m2/d
m2
m2

m
m
m
m3
hours
m/s
mm
m/s
m/s

Unit
m3/m/h
m
m
degrees
m3/s

20 - 100 m
3 - 25 m
1 - 7.5
3-5m
4.2 - 25.0
3 - 5 hrs

Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated

Range
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated

0.072
0.254
0.032
0.900
0.950
0.071
1.100
1.171
0.069
133.139
9.142
13.713
199.71

cum / s
m/s
m/s
m
m
m
m
s
m
m
s

Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Given
Calculated

m
cm
cm
m
s

Unit

Range

m3/m/hr
m
m
degrees

Given
Calculated
Given
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated

m3/s

m
cm
cm
m
s

Unit

Range

MLD
cum / s
mg/L
mg/L
kg/d
kg/m3
m3/d
percent
kg/d
kg/d
kg/m3
kg/d
kg/d
MLD
kg/m3

Calculated
Calculated
Given
Given
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated

MLD
m3/s
seconds
m3

Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated

k Design:
20 - 60 s

m
m2
m
m
m
s-1
m/s
m/s

0.33 - 1.00
> 300 s-1
10000 - 20000
1.75 - 2.00 m/s

m2/s
m2
m2
0.1 - 0.2
m
0.2 - 0.4
m
up to 0.25
m
up to 0.20
m2
Say 26
m
m
rpm
N-s/m2
KW

1 x DI

Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Given
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated

nk Design:
MLD
m3/s
minutes
m3
s-1

m
m
m
m
m2
m
m
m
m

10-30 min
Say 400 m3
25 - 75 s-1
20000 - 60000
within 2 - 5 m

DI + (0.25 - 1.0 m)

within 2:1 - 6:1


m
m
0.25 - 0.75 m/s

Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Given
Given
Given
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Given
Calculated

m2/s
m2
m2
within 0.1 and 0.2
at least 4
Between 22 - 50 cm
m
rpm
N-s/m2
W

Say 300 W

Given
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Given
Calculated

edimentation Tank
Unit

Range

Unit
MLD
cum / s
mg/L
mg/L
kg/d
mg/L
kg/d

Range

moles/d
moles/d
kg/d
kg/d
percent
kg/d
kg/d
kg/m3
m3/d
kg/m3
m3/d
kg/m3

Calculated
Calculated
Given
Given
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Given

m3/d
m3/d
kg/m3

Calculated
Calculated
Calculated

System Design:
MLD

hrs/d
hrs/d
m3/m2/h
m3/m2/min
minutes
m2
m3/d
m3/d
hrs/d
hrs/d
m2
m
m

8 -12 m3/m2/hr

(1.3 - 1.5) : 1
MLD

Calculated
Given
Given
Given
Calculated
Given
Given
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated

nfectant Dose:
MLD
mg/L
mg/L (as N)
mg/L as Cl2
mg/L as Cl2
moles/L
mg/L as Cl2
mg/L as Cl2

mg/L-min

mg/L-min
min
kg/d

round Tank:

Calculated
Given
Given
Given
Given
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Calculated
Given
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated

ML
MLD
MLD
min
ML
ML
m
m
m2
m
m
m

Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Given
Given
Given
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated
Calculated