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Name:_________________________

Date:
_________________________
Groups Code:
_______________________________
Read the text and then answer the questions below PORTABLE POWER TOOLS
SERVICIO NACIONALDE APRENDIZAJE SENA
Lnea tcnica y tecnolgica del programa: produccin y transformacin
Red Tecnolgica: Tecnologas de mantenimiento predictivo, preventivo y correctivo
Red de conocimiento en mantenimiento industrial
Curso presencial de ingls tcnico para aprendices del rea de mantenimiento

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Personal Protective Equipment


Power tools present more hazards than hand tools due to the speed at which they operate. There are distinct differences
between the PPE suggested for use with hand tools and the PPE recommended for safe power tool use.
Eye protection, such as safety glasses or goggles, is especially important when using power tools. The speed in which drills,
saws, grinders, sanders and routers operate can propel small particles much faster and farther than do hand tools. Others
working around the area where power tools are used should also wear protective eyewear. Certain power tools may require
using a face shield, in addition to safety glasses or goggles. For example, a face shield is recommended while using a grinder,
due to the amount of hot metal particles generated.
Standard cotton or leather work gloves can protect your hands from minor scrapes and cuts while working with various
materials. Cut-resistant gloves are not designed for, or capable of providing protection against a moving blade or bit. The best
way to prevent injury from moving parts is to keep your hands on the tools' handles and keep all guards in place. Anti-vibration
gloves minimize the vibration created by hammerdrills and rotary hammerdrills.
Safety footwear is recommended when using power tools. Power tools are heavy and can cut you. Safety shoes with a
nonslip, insulated sole and a steel toe protect against dropped objects and misdirected electricity.
The higher sound levels generated by some power tools, especially if used over extended periods of time, may require the use
of earplugs or earmuffs. Even the use of a dust respirator may be necessary in sanding and cutting operations. Each
situation must be analyzed to determine the type of PPE that is required for the safe use of each type of power tool.
Along with PPE, proper attire is also important while using power tools. Tie back or cover long hair, wear loose fitting clothes
and remove all jewelry to avoid being caught in moving blades.
Proper Work Practices
Portable power tools are designed for a wide variety of uses. Circular saws, jig saws, drills,hammer drills, sanders,
grinders, routers and numerous other power tools save us time and effort on the job. The growing popularity of cordless
battery-operated tools is putting power tools to use in more places than ever before, heightening the need for awareness of
the dangers they present if not operated properly. The following safety rules are common to all power tools. In addition, each
type of tool has its own unique hazards, which must be taken into account.

Questions
a.
b.

What does PPE stand for? :_____________________________________________________________________________


What is the main difference between power tools and hand tools (paragraph 1)?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

c. What are safety glasses or goggles examples of?


__________________________________________________________

d. What is the biggest problem when operating a power tool? Paragraph


2________________________________
e. Is a face shield a power tool? What is it?
__________________________________________________________
f. Why is it advisable to wear a a face
shield_______________________________________________________________

g. According to paragraph 3. Is it possible to protect your hands from grinders with gloves?
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h. Why?
______________________________________________________________________________________
i. How can you protect your hand from injures?
_____________________________________________________
j. What do anti-vibration gloves do?
_______________________________________________________________
k. Why can power tools cut you?
__________________________________________________________________
l. How can you prevent foot injuries?
______________________________________________________________

m. What characteristics should your working boots have?


_______________________________________________
n. Why should tools operators wear earplugs in the working area?
_______________________________________
o. What does a dust respirator help workers for?
_____________________________________________________________

p. Besides PPE what else can you do to avoid accidents? ________________________________________________________


q. What does attire means in Spanish?
_______________________________________________________
r. What is the principal advantage of using Power Tools (paragraph 8 )?
____________________________________
s. What is a good translation for cordless battery-operated tools ?
_______________________________________________

t. What is the best title for this text in Spanish? ________________________________________________________________

Herramientas Elctricas Porttiles


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Equipo de proteccin personal (PPE)

Las herramientas elctricas presentan ms riesgo que las herramientas manuales debido a la velocidad a la
que trabajan. Hay distintas diferencias entre PPE Sugerido para el uso con herramientas manuales y PPE
recomendado para el uso de herramientas elctricas.
Proteccin Visual: Tales como las gafas de seguridad o las mono gafas es especialmente importante cuando se
utilizan las herramientas elctricas. La velocidad en la que los taladros, las sierras, las pulidoras, las lijadoras,
y las caladoras operan pueden expulsar pequeas partculas mucho ms rpido y ms lejos que las
herramientas manuales, Otros trabajan alrededor del rea donde se utilizan las herramientas elctricas son
operadas tambin deben utilizar gafas de proteccin, ciertas herramientas elctricas pueden requerir el uso de
una careta adicionalmente a las gafas o mono gafas, por ejemplo una careta recomendada mientras se usa
una pulidora debido a la cantidad de partculas metlicas calientes generadas.

3. Los guantes de trabajo de cuero o algodn promedio pueden proteger sus manos de rasguos o
cortaduras menores mientras se trabaja con diferentes materiales. Los guantes que protegen
contra las cortaduras no estn diseados para proporcional proteccin contra un taladro o una
cuchilla en movimiento. La mejor manera de evitar accidentes con las partes mviles es mantener
las manos en los mangos de las herramientas y mantener los protectores en sus lugares, Los
guantes anti-vibracion minimiza la vibracin creada por los taladros de trabajo pesado
4. El calzado de seguridad es recomendado cuando se utiliza herramientas elctricas, las
herramientas soin pesadas y pueden cortarlo, Los zapatos de seguridad con suela antideslizante y
punta de acero para proteger contra los elementos pesados cados y electricidad mal direccionada .
5. Los niveles de sonido mas altos generados por algunas herramientas elctricas, especialmente si
son usados extendidos de tiempo, pueden requerir el uso de tapa-oidos y orejeras incluso el uso de
un tapabocas puede ser necesario para operaciones de lijado y de corte cada situacin debe ser
analizada para el tipo de PPE que es requerido para el uso seguro de cada herramienta elctrica.
6. Junto con el PPE la correcta vestimenta es tambin apropiada cuando se usa las herramientas
elctricas, amarrar o cubrir el cabello largo usar ropa holgada y quitar todas las joyas para evitar
ser atrapado por las hojas en movimiento
7. Practicas de trabajo apropiado
8. Las herramientas elctricas porttiles estn diseados para una gran varied, sierras circulares.
Sierras cala