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CIVIL PROCEDURE

2nd Semester, AY 2014-2015


Prof. Victoria A. Avena
Syllabus

[Note:
1. The cases below are either bracketed or unbracketed. When a case is not bracketed,
study the pertinent facts and consequent ruling/s. When a case is bracketed, note
pertinent ruling/s.
2. References to statutes must be taken to refer to provisions relevant to the context.]
Part I. Introductory concepts
I.A. Remedial law, substantive law
I.B. Judicial Power
Nature, scope
1987 Constitution
defined Article VIII, sec's. 1, 5; judicial review
re dec. relief 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure, Rule 63, sec. 1 (as
am. by SC Resol. of 2-17-98)
re presidential/vice-presidential elections Art. VII.4
re martial law/suspension of writ of habeas corpus Art.VII.18
statutory base of judicial review Civil Code, Art. 7
judicial legislation Civil Code, Arts. 8 & 9
Constitutional protections
re constitutional status Art. VIII, sec. 2; Rule 56.3
re statutory increase of appellate jurisdiction Art. VI.30
I.C. Adversarial system overview
jurisdiction
courts

procedure
parties
pleadings
litigation, mediation
civil law vis-a-vis common law
Part II. Jurisdiction
II.A. Prescribed Jurisdiction i.e., over subject matter, by law
II.A1. General concepts
Sindico v Diaz (G.R. No. 147444, October 1, 2004)
kinds
general/limited or special
original/appellate
exclusive/concurrent or confluent
territorial
definition/distinguished from exercise
Tolentino v. Leviste (G.R. No. 156118, November 19, 2004)
distinguished from venue Manila Railroad v Atty.-General (20 Phil 523)
general rule = jurisdiction cannot be waived; judgment without
jurisdiction void
Rule 9, sec. 1
Abbain v. Chua (22 SCRA 748)
jurisdiction by estoppel = exception
SEAFDEC v. NLRC (206 SCRA 283)
Soliven v. Fastforms Phils. (G.R. No. 139031, October 18, 2004)
cannot be the subject of compromise Civil Code, Art. 2035
retroactivity R.A. 7691, sec. 7
Siena Realty Corp. v. Gal-lang (G.R. No. 145169, May 13, 2004)
adherence of jurisdiction - once attached, not ousted by subsequent statute
unless so provided
Southern Food v. Salas (206 SCRA 333)

II.A.2. Specific Jurisdiction of Courts


II.A.2.a. Supreme Court
1987 Constitution
Art. VIII, sec. 1, 2, 5 (supra Part II)
Art. IX, A, sec. 7
B.P. 129, sec. 9 (as amended by R. A. 7902); Rule 43
-- question of law
Urbano v. Chavez (183 SCRA 347)
Ortigas v. CA (106 SCRA 121)
Josefa v. Zhandong Trading Corp. (G.R. No. 150903,
December 8, 2003)
-- change of venue People v. Sola (103 SCRA 393)
P.D. 1606, sec. 7, as am. by R.A. 7975 and R.A. 8249
II.A.2.b. Court of Appeals
B.P. 129, sec. 9 (as amended by R.A. 7902) [supra]
1987 Cons't., Art. VIII.5.e
Rule 43.1, .2
P.D. 442, as am. By R.A. 6715
St. Martin Funeral Home v. NLRC (G.R. No. 130866, Sept 16, 1998)
SC Resol. A.M. No. 99-2-01 (dismissal for non-compliance w/ St.
Martins case)
SC A.M. 7-7-12 (December 4, 2007)
II.A.2.c. Regional Trial Courts
B.P. 129 (as am. By R.A. 7691)
-- in ordinary civil actions sec. 19; R.A. 7691, secs. 1, 5
-- in special civil actions and the special proceeding of habeas corpus
sec. 21
-- exclusive appellate jurisdiction sec. 22
-- special jurisdiction sec. 23; Rule 1, sec. 4; Rule 143
-- SC Admin. Circular 09-94 (June 14, 1994); R.A. 7691
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-- SC Cir. No. 11-99 (transfer to RTC from MTC of cases w/in


jurisdiction of family courts under R.A. 8369 (Family Courts Act
of 1997)
Tumpag v. Tumpag (G.R. No. 199133, September 29, 2014)
-- CB v. CA (208 SCRA 652) [read specially pp. 654-656; 661-665;
673, last par. 677, par. after quote; 679-683]
Home Guaranty v. R-II Builders (G.R. No. 192649, June 22, 2011)
Ascue v. CA (G.R. No. 84330, May 8, 1991)
Baito v. Sarmiento (109 Phil. 148)
Matling Industrial v. Coros (G.R. No. 157802, October 13, 2010)
Indophil Textile v. Engr. Adviento (G.R. No. 171212. August 4,
2014)
[Olivarez Realty v. Castillo (G.R. No. 196251. July 9, 2014)]
Rule 47
II.A.2.d. Metropolitan, Municipal, Municipal Circuit Trial Courts
Rule 5, sec. 2
B.P. 129, secs. 28, 29, 30, 31, as am. By R.A. 7691; A.O. 33; P.D. 537
A.M. No. 08-8-7-SC (October 1, 2008)
exclusive original jurisdiction
in civil and estate settlement proceedings/over provisional
remedies
B.P. 129, sec. 33 (1); R.A. 7691, secs. 3 & 5
SC Admin. Circular 09-94 (June 4, 1994)
in forcible entry and unlawful detainer cases
B.P. 129, sec. 33 (2); R.A. 7691, sec. 3
Lim Kieh Tong v. CA (G.R. No. 93451, March 18, 1991)
Tagalog v. Vda. De Gonzales (G.R. No. 201286, July 18,
2014)
in civil actions involving title to or possession of real property
B.P. 129, sec. 33 (3) as am.; R.A. 7691, sec. 3
BF Citiland Corporation v. Otake (G.R. No. 173351, July 29,
2010)
Russel v. Vestil (304 SCRA 738)
delegated jurisdiction B.P. 129, sec. 34; R.A. 7691, sec. 4; SC
Circular 38-97
special jurisdiction B.P. 129, sec. 35
summary procedure in special cases B.P. 129, sec. 36
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II.A.2.e. Special Courts


Sandiganbayan (Article XIII.5; P.D. 1486)
Shari'a District Courts (P.D. 1083), Shari'a Appellate Courts (R.A.
6734)
[Tomawis v. Balindong, G.R. No. 182434, March 5, 2010]
[Republic v. Asuncion, G.R. No. 108208, March 11, 1994, 231
SCRA 211]
Family Courts (R.A. 8369)
Special Agrarian Courts (R.A. 6657)
[Land Bank v. Villegas (G.R. No. 180891, March 26, 2010]
Special Commercial Courts (R.A. 8799.5.2)
[STRADEC v. SIDC, G.R. No. 187872, November 17, 2010]
National Commission on Indigenous People
[City Government of Baguio City v. Masweng (G.R. No. 180206,
February 4, 2009)]
Commission on Higher Education
[University of Sto. Tomas v. Sanchez (G.R. No. 165569, July 29,
2010)]
II.A.2.f. Special Rules
Manufacturers Distributors v. Yu Siu Liong (11 SCRA 680)
Cruz v. Tan (87 Phil. 627)
Lapitan v. Scandia (24 SCRA 477)
Good Development v. Tutaan (73 SCRA 189)
II.B. Acquired jurisdiction
II.B.1. Over the person
of the plaintiff Manila Railroad v. Atty.-General (supra, II.A.1)
of the defendant
1) by service of summons Rule 14, secs. 1, 2, & 3
personal service sec. 6
substituted service sec. 7
service by publication sec. 14
extra-territorial service sec. 15
2) by voluntary appearance Rule 14, sec. 20
Optima Realty v. Hertz (G.R. No. 183035, January 9, 2013)
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3) by voluntary submission
Rodriguez v. Alikpala (57 SCRA 455)
II.B.2. Over the res Rule 14, sec. 15
Banco-Espaol-Filipino v. Palanca (37 Phil. 921)
De Midgely v. Ferandos (64 SCRA 23)
II.B.3. Over the issues
Rule 18, sec. 7
Rule 10, sec. 5
Gonzaga v. CA (G.R. No. 142037, October 18, 2004)
Part III. 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure
A. Scope and Construction Rule 1, secs. 2, 3, 4, 6
B. Uniform procedure Rule 5, sec. 1
C. Actions
Kinds Rule 1, sec. 3
Nature
real/personal/mixed
Hernandez v. Rural Bank of Lucena (81 SCRA 75)
in personam/ in rem/ quasi in rem
De Midgely v. Ferandos (64 SCRA 23; supra, Part II.B.2)
Rule 1, sec. 5 commencement; Rule 14, sec. 1
Heirs of Julao v. Sps. Jesus (G.R. No. 176020. September 29,
2014)
CB v. CA (supra, Part V, C. [emphasis on pp. 682-683]
Philippine First Insurance Co., Inc., et al. v. Pyramid Logistics and
Trucking Corporation (G.R. No. 16514, July 9, 2008)
Metropolitan Bank and Trust Co. v. Perez (G.R. No. 181842,
February 5, 2010)
Monsanto v. Lim (G.R. No. 178911. September 17, 2014)
[Go v. Tong (G.R. No. 151942, November 27, 2003)]

Rule 2 cause of action


sec. 1 basis
sec. 2 definition
Felipe v. Leuterio (91 Phil. 482)
Santiago v. Bautista ( 32 SCRA 188)
Sagrada Orden de Precadores del Santisimo Rosario de
Filipinas v. National Coconut Corporation (92 Phil.
503)
H.H. Hollero Construction v. GSIS (G.R. No. 152334.
September 24, 2014)
Danfoss v. Continental Cement (G.R. No. 143788, Sep. 9,
2005)
Ma-ao Sugar Central v. Barrios (79 Phil. 666)
sec. 3 one suit for a single cause of action
sec. 4 effect of splitting
Rule 16, sec. 1 (e), (f)
sec. 5 joinder of causes of action
Rule 3, sec. 6
Rule 3.13
Rule 8.2
B.P. 129.33.1
sec. 6 misjoinder
D. Parties Rule 3
requisites
sec. 1 who may be parties; Rule 3.15
Juasing Hardware v. Mendoza (115 SCRA 783)
sec. 2 parties in interest; Rule 16.1.g
Carillo v. Dabon (G.R. No. 121165, Sep. 26, 2006)
Joya v. PCGG (225 SCRA 568)
Mioza v. Lopez (G.R. No. 170914, April 13, 2011)
Ablaza v. Republic (G.R. No. 158298, August 11, 2010)
Oposa v. Factoran (224 SCRA 792)
[Bayan Muna v. Romulo (G.R. No. 159618, February 1, 2011)]
[SEC v. CA (G.R. No. 187702/189014, October 22, 2014)]
[Ching v. Subic Bay (G.R. No. 174353. September 10, 2014)]
[Villamor v. Umale (G.R. No. 172843. September 24, 2014)]
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kinds
sec. 3 representatives
sec. 4 spouses
E.O. 209 (Family Code) Arts. 145, 111
sec. 5 minor or incompetent
R.A. 6809 sec.'s 1 (re E.O. 209, art's. 234 & 236), 4 & 5
E.O. 209 Art. 5
sec. 6 permissive joinder
Flores v. Mallare-Phillips (144 SCRA 377)
sec. 8 necessary party
Wee v. De Castro (G.R. No. 176405, August 20, 2008)
sec. 9 non-joinder to be pleaded
sec. 13 alternative defendants
sec. 7 compulsory joinder of indispensable parties
Wee v. De Castro (supra, see above)
Arcelona v. CA (G.R. No. 102900, Oct. 2, 1997)
Cerezo v. Tuazon (G.R. No. 141538, March 23, 2004)
Quiombing v. CA (G.R. 93010, August 30, 1990)
Orbeta v. Sendiong (G.R. No. 155236, July 8, 2005)
Chua v. Beltran (G.R. No. 151900, August 30, 2005)
[Limos v. Odones (G.R. No. 186979, August 11, 2010)]
[Manalo v. Robles Transportation Company (G.R. No. L-8171,
August 16, 1956)]
sec. 10 unwilling co-plaintiff
sec. 12 class suit
Newsweek v. IAC (142 SCRA 171)
Manila Intl. Airport Authority v. Rivera Village (G.R. No.
143870, Sep. 30, 2005)
Re: Request of the Heirs of the Passengers of Doa Paz (A.M. No.
88-1-6460, March 3, 1988)
[Reyes v. Regional Trial Court of Makati, et al.,
G.R. No. 165744, August 11, 2008)]
sec. 14 unknown name or identity
sec. 15 defendants w/o juridical personality
sec. 21 indigent party
sec. 22 when Solicitor General required to be party
effects
sec. 11 misjoinder and non-joinder
Chua v. Beltran (supra, see above)
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sec. 18 incompetency/ incapacity


sec. 16 death
Cruz v. Cruz (G.R. No. 173292, September 1, 2010)
sec. 17 death/ separation of public officer-party
Gojo v. Goyala (35 SCRA 557)
sec. 19 transfer of interest
[Heirs of Medrano v. De Vera (G.R. No. 165770, August 9, 2010)]
sec. 20 re contractual money claim
Del Castillo v. Jaymalin (G.R. No. L-28256, March 17, 1982)
[Carabeo v. Spouses Dingco (G.R. No. 190823, April 4, 2011)]
E. Venue Rule 4
People v. Sola (supra, Part II.A.2.a)
Time, Inc. v. Reyes (39 SCRA 303)
Pilipino Telephone v. Tecson (G.R. No. 156966, May 7, 2004)
Marcos-Araneta v. CA (G.R. No. 154096, August 22, 2008)
[Dacoycoy v. Intermediate Appellate Court (G.R. No. 74854, April 2,
1991)]
[Board of Trustees of GSIS v. Velasco, et. al. (G.R. No. 170463, February
2, 2011)]
[Navida et. al. v. Dizon (G.R. No. 125078, May 30, 2011)]
F. Pleadings
1. In general
Rule 6 kinds of pleadings
sec. 1 pleadings defined
sec. 2 pleadings allowed
Rule 8 manner of making allegations in pleadings
sec. 1 form in general
sec. 7 actionable document
Rule 8.1
2. The claim
Rule 6
sec. 2 where asserted
Rule 8.2
sec. 3 complaint
sec. 6 counterclaim
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sec. 8 cross-claim
sec. 9 counter-counterclaim and counter-cross-claim
sec. 10, par. 2 reply
Rule 11 when to file responsive pleadings
sec. 9 counterclaim/ cross-claim after answer
Namarco v. Federacion (49 SCRA 238)
Rule 6, sec. 12 bringing in new parties; Rule 1.5
Rule 10, sec. 6 amended and supplemental pleadings
Young v Sy (G.R. No. 157745, September 26, 2006)
Rule 6, sec. 11 third-party complaint, etc.
Republic v. Central Surety (26 SCRA 741)
Asian Construction v CA (G.R. No. 160242, May 17, 2005)
Pentacapital v. Mahinay (G.R. No. 171736, 181482, July 5,
2010)
Metrobank v. Absolute Management (G.R. No. 170498,
January 9, 2013)
Rule 16, sec. 6, par. 2 counterclaim where claim dismissed thru
defendant's motion to dismiss
Rule 17, sec. 2, 3 dismissal of actions
3A Apparel v. Metropolitan Bank (G.R. No. 186175,
August 25, 2010)
Compulsory counterclaim/ cross-claim
Rule 6, sec. 7 compulsory counterclaim
Meliton v. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 101883, December
11, 1992)
Gojo v. Goyala (supra, Part III.D)
Namarco v. Federacion (supra, Part III.F.2)
GSIS v. Caballero (G.R. No. 158090, October 4, 2010)
Calo v. Ajax (22 SCRA 996)
Rule 11, sec. 8 existing compulsory counterclaim/ cross-claim
Rule 9, sec. 2 barred if not set up
Chavez v. Sandiganbayan (193 SCRA 282)
Cojuangco v. Villegas (G.R. 76838, April 17, 1990, 184
SCRA 374)
Chan v. CA (G.R. No. 109020) Mar. 3, 1994)

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3. The answer
Rule 6
sec. 2 pleadings allowed
sec. 4 answer
sec. 13 answer to third-party complaint, etc.
sec. 5 defenses
Gojo v. Goyala (supra, Part III.D)
Rule 16, sec. 6 grounds for dismissal as affirmative
defenses
Rule 8
sec. 10 specific denial
sec. 11 allegations deemed admitted
Tec Bi v. Chartered Bank of India (41 Phil. 596)
Phil. Advertising v. Revilla (52 SCRA 246)
Liam Law v. Olympic Sawmill (129 SCRA 439)
CB Circular 905
sec. 7 based on document
sec. 8 how to contest document
Phil. Banking Corp. v. CA (G.R. No. 133710, Jan 13, 2004)
sec. 2 alternative defenses; Rule 3.13
Rule 9, sec. 1 defense/ objection waived
Katon v. Palanca (G.R. No. 151149, Sep. 7, 2004)
[Valientes v. Ramas (G.R. No. 157852, December 15,
2010)]
4. The reply
Rule 6 secs. 2 and 10
5. Common Provisions
a) re parts of pleading Rule 7
Rule 7.2(c)
Baguioro v. Barrios (G.R. No. L-277, Aug. 30, 1946)

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Rule 7.3
Bar Matter No. 1922
Bar Matter No. 287 (September 26, 2000)
Bar Matter No. 1132
Wee v. Galvez (G.R. No. 147394, Aug. 11, 2004)
Rule 7.4; Rule 7.5; SC Circular No. 48-2000
Cruz-Agana v. Hon. Santiago Lagman (G.R. No. 139018, Apr. 11,
2005)
Wee v. Galvez (supra, see above)
[Chua v. Beltran (supra, Part III.D]
[Mid-Pasig Land Development Corporation v. Tablante (G.R. No.
162924, February 4, 2010)]
[University of the East v. Pepanio (G.R. No. 193897, January 23,
2013)]
[Hasegawa v. Kitamura (G.R. No. 149177, November 23, 2007)]
[Delfino, Sr. v. Anasao (G.R. No. 197486, September 10, 2014)]
b) re manner of making allegations Rule 8 except secs. 2, 7, 8, 10 and
11
Perpetual Savings v. Fajardo (223 SCRA 720)
Wee v. Galvez (supra, Part III.F.5)
c) re effect of failure to plead Rule 9; Rule 30.9
Cerezo v. Tuazon (supra, Part III.D)
Sps. Delos Santos v. RTC (G.R. No.153696, Sep. 11, 2006)
d) striking out pleadings Rule 8, sec. 12
6. Amended/ supplemental pleadings Rule 10; Rule 1.5
Juasing Hardware v. Mendoza (supra, Part III.D)
Dauden-Hernaez v. de los Angeles (27 SCRA 1276)
Phil. Export v. Phil. Infrastructures (G.R. No. 120384, Jan 13,
2004)
Surigao Mining v. Harris (69 Phil. 113)
[Bormaheco v. Malayan (G.R. No. 156599, July 26, 2010)]
7. When to file responsive pleadings Rule 11

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8. Filing/Service of Pleadings, Judgments and Other Papers Rule 13


Rule 13.3 icow Rule 51.9
SC Resolution of February 17, 1998
Bautista v. Maya-Maya (G.R. 148361, Nov. 29, 2005)
GCP-Manny v. Principe (G.R. 141484, Nov. 11, 2005)
Marinduque Mining and Industrial Corporation and Industrial
Enterprises, Inc. v. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 161219,
October 6, 2008)
Camper Realty v. Pajo-Reyes (G.R. No. 179543, October 6, 2010)
[GSIS v. NLRC (G.R. No. 180045, November 17, 2010)]
9. Computation of Time Rule 22
A.M. No. 00-2-14-SC
Luz v. National Amnesty Commission (G.R. No. 159708, Sep. 24,
2004)
10. Bill of Particulars Rule 12
G. Summons Rule 14
- contents, when issued, by whom issued secs. 2, 1, 3, 5
- modes of service
1. service in person sec. 6
Prudential Bank v. Magdamit (G.R. No. 183795, November 12,
2014)
[Sps. Benedict v. Ong (G.R. No. 205249, October 15, 2014)]
2. substituted service sec. 7
Gentle Supreme v. Consulta (G.R. No. 183182, September 1,
2010)
Andy Quelnan v. VHF Phil. (G.R. No. 138500, Sep. 16, 2005)
Robinson v. Miralles (G.R. No. 163584, December 12, 2006)
Palma v. Galvez (G.R. No. 165273, March 10, 2010)
Afdal v. Carlos (G.R. No. 173379, December 1, 2010)
3. extra-territorial service sec. 15
Dial Corp. v. Soriano (161 SCRA 737)
Montalban v. Maximo (22 SCRA 1070)
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De Midgley v. Ferandos (supra)


Sahagun v. CA (G.R. No. 78328, June 3, 1991)
Romualdez-Licaros v. Licaros (G.R. No. 150656, April 29, 2003)
R.A. 4883; P.D. 1079
4. by publication secs. 14, 15, 16
-

mode of service upon certain defendants


1. upon domestic private juridical entity sec. 11
Paluwagan ng Bayan v. King (172 SCRA 62)
Dole Philippines, Inc. vs. Hon. Reinato G. Quilala, (G.R. No.
168723 July 9, 2008)
Cathay Metal v. Laguna West (G.R. No. 172204. July 2, 2014)
2. upon foreign private juridical entity sec. 12; sec. 12; SC A.M.
No. 11-3-6-SC (New Rule on Service of Summons on Foreign
Private Juridical Entity)
Facilities Management v. De la Osa (89 SCRA 131)
3. upon resident temporarily abroad sec. 16
Montalban v. Maximo (supra, Part VI, G.3)
Palma v. Galvez (supra, Part III.G.2)
4. upon defendant whose identity/ whereabouts unknown sec. 14
Baltazar v. CA (168 SCRA 354)
leave of court sec. 17
5. upon others secs. 8, 9, 10, 13
voluntary appearance sec. 20; Rule 16.1.a
Tung Ho v. Ting Guan (G.R. No. 182153, April 7, 2014)

voluntary submission Rodriguez v. Alikpala (supra, Part II.B.1)


-- return/proof of service secs. 4, 18, 19

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H. Motions in general Rule 15


City of Dumaguete v. Philippine Ports Authority (G.R. No. 168973,
August 24, 2011)
[Bacelonia v. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 143440, February 11, 2003)]
[Philippine National Railways v. Rustia (G.R. No. 153721, September 15,
2006)]
I. Motion to Dismiss under Rule 16
U.S. v Ruiz (136 SCRA 487)
SEAFDEC v. NLRC (supra, Part II.A.1)
Rule 2.2, 2.4
Rule 9, sec. 1
Rule 6, sec. 5 (b)
Rule 7, sec. 5
Rule 39, sec.47
Section 133, B.P. 68
R16.1
Philville v. Javier (G.R. No.147738, Dec. 13, 2005)
Arcelona v. CA (supra, Part III.D)
Lacap v. Lee (G.R. No. 142131, December 11, 2002)
Carillo v. Dabon (supra, Part III.D)
Del Rosario v. Donato (G.R. No. 180595, March 5, 2010)
Maramag v. Maramag (G.R. No. 181132, June 5, 2009)
Santiago v. De Los Santos (61 SCRA 146)
Goodyear v. Sy (G.R. 154554, Nov. 9, 2005)
Balo v. CA (G.R. No. 129704, Sep 30, 2005)
Heirs of Ypon v. Ricaforte (G.R. No. 198680)
Heirs of Licaros v. Sandiganbayan (G.R. No. 157438, Oct. 18, 2004)
Regala v. Sandiganbayan (G.R. No.105938, Sep. 20, 1996)
Swagman Hotel v. CA (G.R. 161135, Apr. 8, 2005)
Lee Bun Ting v. Aligaen (76 SCRA 178)
Villarino v. Avila (G.R. No.131191, Sep. 26, 2006)
Malion v. Alcantara (G.R. No.141528, Oct. 31, 2006)
Perkin Elmer Singapore Pte Ltd. v. Dakila Trading Corporation (G.R. No.
172242, August 14, 2007)
Global Business v. Surecomp Software (G.R. No. 173463, October 13, 2010)
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[Alabang Development Corporation v. Alabang Hills Village Association


(G.R. No. 187456. June 2, 2014)]
[Mendoza v. DPWH (G.R. No. 203834. July 9, 2014)]
[Bank of America v. Court of Appeals (G.R. No. 120135, March 31, 2003)]
[Sea-Land Service, Inc. v. CA (G.R. 126212, Mar. 2, 2000)]
[Wee v. De Castro (supra, Part III.D)]
[Public Hearing Committee of the Laguna Lake Development Authority,
et al. v. SM Prime Holdings, Inc. (G.R. No. 170599, September 22,
2010)]
[Suplico v. Neda (G.R. No. 178830, July 14 2008)]
[Universal Robina Corporation v. Lim (G.R. No. 154338, October 5, 2007)]
[Panganiban v. Pilipinas (G.R. No. 131471, January 22, 2003)]
[Lourdes Suites v. Binarao (G.R. No. 204729. August 6, 2014)]
J. Motion to Dismiss under Rule 7.5
Sps. Lim v. CA (G.R. No. 192615, January 30, 2013)
Fernandez v. Villegas (G.R. No. 200191, August 20, 2014)
Garcia v. Sandiganbayan (G.R. No. 165835, June 22, 2005)
Benguet v. CA (G.R. No. 153571, September 18, 2003)
[Asia United Bank, et. al. v. Goodland Company, Inc. (G.R. No. 190231,
December 8, 2010)]
[Victorio-Aquino v. Pacific Plans (G.R. No. 193108, December 10, 2014)]
[Disini v. Sandiganbayan (G.R. No. 175730, July 5, 2010)]
[BPI v. CA (G.R. No. 168313, October 6, 2010)]
K. Dismissal under Rule 17
[Majestic Finance v. Mendoza (G.R. No. 197442, October 22, 2014)]
[Ching v. Cheng, G.R. No. 175507 (October 8, 2014)]
[Paraaque Kings v. Santos (G.R. No. 194638. July 2, 2014)]
L. Judgment on the Pleadings Rule 34; Rule 18, sec. 2; Rule 9.3
Gojo v. Goyala (supra, Part III.D)
Reillo v. San Jose (G.R. No. 166393, June 18, 2009)
M. Pre-trial Rule 18
SC A.M. 03-1-09-SC
Jonathan Landoil Intl. v. Mangudadatu (G.R. No.155010, August 16, 2004)
Paredes v. Verano (G.R. No.164375, October 12, 2006)
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Agulto v. Tecson (G.R. No. 145276, November 29, 2005)


[Ramos v. Alvendia (G.R. No. 176706, October 8, 2008)]
[Noynay v. Cityhomes Builder (G.R. No. 204160. September 22, 2014)]
[Absolute Management v. Metropolitan Bank (G.R. No. 190277, July 23,
2014)]
N. Course of Trial
1. Trial proper Rule 30
OCA Cir. No. 39-98
SC Cir. 1-89
Rule 30, sec. 8
[Tabino v. Tabino (G.R. No. 196219. July 30, 2014)]
2. Kinds of trial
a. consolidated/separate Rule 31
Sps. Yu v. Magno Construction (G.R. No.138701-02, October 17,
2006)
Espinoza v. United Overseas Bank (G.R. No. 175380, March 22,
2010)
b. trial by commissioners Rule 32; Rule 67, sec. 5; Rule 30.9
Angara v. Fedman Devt. Corp. (G.R. No.156822, Oct 18, 2004)
3. Incidents/processes
a. calendar of cases Rule 20
b. intervention Rule 19; Rule 11.3
Holiday Inn v. Sandiganbayan (186 SCRA 447)
[Pulgar v. RTC (G.R. No. 157583, September 10, 2014)]
c. subpoena Rule 21; Rule 71, sec. 3 (f)
d. Rule 22
Uy v. First Metro (G.R. No.167245, Sep. 27, 2006) [R22.1]
e. modes of discovery
AM No. 03-1-09-SC (July 13, 2004)
1) deposition pending action Rule 23
Jonathan Landoil v. Mangadadatu (supra, PART III.M)
2) interrogatories to parties Rule 25
PBP v. CA (G.R. No. 110495, January 29, 1998)
17

3) admission by adverse party Rule 26


Allied Agri-Business v. CA (G.R. No. 118438, December 4, 1998)
4)

production/inspection of documents/things Rule 27


Yu v. CA (G.R. No. 154115, June 28, 2006)
5) physical/mental examination of persons Rule 29
Chan v. Chan (G.R. No. 179786, July 24, 2013)
-- refusal to comply with modes of discovery Rule 29
f) summary judgment Rule 35
Allied Agri-Business Development Company v. CA (supra, above)
Republic v. Sandiganbayan (G.R. No. 152154, July 15,
2003)
Grand Farms v. CA (193 SCRA 748)
Bitanga v. Pyramid Construction Engineering Corporation (G.R.
No. 173526, August 28, 2008)
g) demurrer to evidence Rule 33
Northwest Airlines G.R. No. 120334, January 20, 1998)
Choa v. Choa (G.R. No. 143376, November 26, 2002)
h) lis pendens Rule 13.4
Romero v. CA (G.R. No. 142406, May 16, 2005)
i) archival
SC Adm. Cir. No. 7-A-92 (June 21, 1993)
O. Judgments, Final Orders and Entry thereof Rule 36
1987 Constitution, Art. VIII, secs. 13 and 14; Rule 36.1; B.P. 129.38
Velarde v. SJS (G.R. No. 159357, April 28, 2004)
Macias v. Macias (G.R. No. 149617, September 3, 2003)
PNB v. Maraon (G.R. No. 189316, July 1, 2013)
Tung Ho v. Ting Gian (supra, Part III.G.5)
1. Effect of Judgment
Rule 39, secs. 47 and 48
Art. 2037, Civil Code
Lee Bun Ting v. Aligaen (supra, Part III. I)
Nabus v. CA (193 SCRA 732)
Oropeza v. Allied Bank (G.R. No. 129788, December 3, 2002)
18

Sps. Ocampo v. Heirs of Dionisio (G.R. No. 191101, October 1,


2014)
Buan v. Lopez (145 SCRA 34)
Buazon v. CA (220 SCRA 182)
Ali-Bondagjy v. Artadi (G.R. No. 170406, August 11, 2008)
Tumbokon v. Legaspi (G.R. No. 153736, August 4, 2010)
Fujiki v. Marinay (G.R. No. 196049, June 26, 2013)
[B.E. San Diego v. CA (G.R. No. 159230, October 18, 2010)]
[Chavez v. CA (G.R. No. 159411, March 18, 2005)]
[Metro Manila Shopping v. Toledo, G.R. No. 190818, November
10, 2014)]
2. Execution, Satisfaction of Judgments
Article 1491, Civil Code
Rule 39, secs. 1 to 46 [NOTE R39.7 icow R3.20]
SC Cir. 5-98 (January 12, 1998)
SC Cir. 6-93 (February 9, 1993)
SC Cir. 10-25-2000
National Power v. Tarcelo (G.R. No. 198139, September 8, 2014)
La Campana Development v. Ledesma (G.R. No. 154152, August
25, 2010)
Heirs of Divinagracia v. Ruiz (G.R. No. 165582, July 9, 2010)
Clidoro v. Jalmanzar (G.R. No. 176598. July 9, 2014)
Villeza v. German Management (G.R. No. 182937, August 8, 2010
Bausa v. Heirs of Dino (G.R. No. 167281, August 28, 2008)
Republic v. Daisy Yahon (G.R. No. 201043. June 16, 2014)
Chinabank v. Ordinario (G.R. No. 121943, March 24, 2003)
Perla Compania v. Ramolete (G.R. No. L-60887, November 13,
1991)
Heirs of Pidacan v. Air Transportation Office (G.R. No. 186192,
August 25, 2010)
Okabe v. Saturnino (G.R. No. 196040. August 26, 2014)
[Diesel Construction v. Jollibee (G.R. No. 136805, January 28,
2000)]
[BPI v. Roxas (G.R. No. 157833, October 15, 2007)]
[Suntay v. Keyser (G.R. No. 208462, December 10, 2014)]
[Commissioner of Public Highways v. San Diego (G.R. No. L30098, February 18, 1970)]

19

P. New Trial or Reconsideration Rule 37; Rule 40.2; Rule 41.3


Cansino v. CA (G.R. No. 125799, August 21, 2003)
PAL v. Salcedo (G.R. No. L-22119, September 29, 1967)
People v. Amparado (G.R. No. L-48656, December 21, 1987)
Helmuth, Jr. v. People (G.R. No. 57058, March 15, 1982)
People v. Del Mundo (G.R. Nos. 119964-69, September 20, 1996)
Cuenca v. People (G.R. No. 109870, December 1, 1995)
Q. Relief from Judgments, Orders or Other Proceedings Rule 38
Cerezo v. Tuazon (supra, Part III.D)
Agan v. Nueva (G.R. No. 155018, December 11, 2003)
Legarda v. CA 195 SCRA 418; G.R. No. 94457, October 16,
1997)
Fukuzumi v. Sanritsu (G.R. No. 140630, August 12, 2004)
Redea v. CA (G.R. No. 146611, February 6, 2007)
City of Dagupan v. Maramba (G.R. No. 174411. July 2, 2014)
R. Appeal
1. From MTC to RTC Rule 40
2. From MTC to RTC to CA Rule 42
3. From RTC to CA Rule 41
SC A.M. 7-7-12 (December 4, 2007)
SC Cir. 48-2000
Heirs of Poe v. Malayan (G.R. 156302, April 7, 2009)
GSIS v. Phil. Village Hotel (G.R. No. 150922, September 21,
2004)
Palma v. Galvez (supra, Part III. G.2)
Calderon v. Roxas (G.R. No. 185595, January 9, 2013)
Diesel v. Jolibee (G.R. No. 136805, January 28, 2000)
[Gadrinab v. Salamanca (G.R. No. 194560, June 11, 2014)]
[Mauleon v. Porter (G.R. No. 203288, July 18, 2014)]
[Magsino v. De Ocampo (G.R. No. 166944. August 18, 2014)]
4. From QJA to CA Rule 43
CHED v. Dasig (G.R. No. 172776, December 17, 2008)
20

5. To SC Rule 45; Rule 64


SC A.M. No. 04-7-03-SC (July 13, 2004)
SC A.M. No. 7-7-12 (December 4, 2007)
SC Admin. Cir. 3-96 (February 9, 1993)
Wee v. Galvez (supra, Part III.F.5)
Maramag v. Maramag (supa, Part III.I)
[Mangaser v. Ugay, supra, III.R.5]
S. Original Actions in CA Rules 46 and 47
Almelor v. RTC Las Pinas (G.R. No. 179620, August 26, 2008)
Paulino v. CA (G.R. Nos. 205065 & 207533, June 4, 2014)
Tolentino v. Leviste (supra, Part II.A.1)
Castro v. Gregorio (G.R. No. 188801, October 15,2014)
T. Procedure in CA Rule 44 and Rules 48 to 54
SC Resolution of February 17, 1998 (supra, Part VI.F.10)
Samson v. Sps. Gabor (G.R. No. 182970, July 23, 2014)
[Banco de Oro v. Sps. Locsin (G.R. No. 190445, July 23, 2014)]
[Gipa v. Southern Luzon (G.R. No. 177425. June 18, 2014)]
Bote v. Veloso (G.R. No. 194270, December 3, 2012)
U. Procedure in SC Rule 56 icow Rules 45, 48, 51.1, 51.2, 51.5-11 and 52
[Heirs of Sobremonte v. CA (G.R. No. 206234, October 22, 2014)]
V. Provisional Remedies
A.M. 99-2-01-SC
A.M. No. 02-11-12-SC (March 15, 2003)
A.M. No. 04-10-11-SC (November 15, 2004)
W. Preliminary Attachment Rule 57
Mabanag v. Gallemore (G.R. No. L-825, July 20, 1948; 81 Phil.
254)
Cuartero v. CA (G.R. No. 102448, August 5, 1992)
Foundation Specialists v. Betonval Ready Concrete (G.R. No. 170674,
August 24, 2009)
[Lim v. Sps. Lazaro, G.R. No. 185734, July 3, 2013)]
21

X. Preliminary Injunction Rule 58


SC A.M. No. 7-7-12 (December 4, 2007)
SC Admin. Cir. No. 11-2000
R.A. 8975
SC Cir. 68-94 (November 3, 1994)
SC Resolution of February 17, 1998 (supra, Part VI, F, 10)
SC Cir. 13-93
P.D. 1818 (1989)
SC Admin. Cir. 20-95 (February 12 ,1995)
SC Admin. Cir. 29-2002 (July 1, 2002)
SC Admin. Cir. 38-2002 (August 28, 2002)
Benguet v. CA (supra, Part III.J)
Dungog v. CA (G.R. No. 139767, August 5, 2003)
Traders Royal Bank v. IAC (G.R. No. 66321, October 31, 1984)
China Banking Corporation v. Co (G.R. No. 174569, September 17, 2008)
Lim v. BPI Agricultural Development Bank (G.R. No. 179230, March 9,
2010)
Paramount Insurance v. CA (G.R. No. 110086, July 19, 1999)
[BPI v. Judge Hontanosas (G.R. No. 157163. June 25, 2014)]
Y. Receivership Rule 59
Talag v. CA (189 SCRA 801)
A. Replevin Rule 60
Sapugay v. CA (G.R. No. 86792, March 21, 1990)
AA. Support Pendente Lite Rule 61
IV. Special Civil Actions
SC A.M. No. 99-2-04-SC
A. Interpleader -- Rule 62
B. Declaratory Relief and Similar Remedies Rule 63
SC Resolution of February 17, 1998
Velarde v. SJS (supra, Part III.N)
PDIC v. CA (G.R. No. 126911, April 30, 2003)
Ferrer v. Roco (G.R. No. 174129, July 5, 2010)
22

C. Rule 64
SC Resolution of February 17, 1998
D. Certiorari 1987 Constitution, Art. VIII, sec. 1; Rule 65
SC A.M. No. 7-7-12 (December 4, 2007)
SC Admin. Cir. No. 3-96 (supra, see Rule 45)
SC Resolution of February 9, 1999 re A.M. No. 99-2-01-SC
Candelaria v. RTC (G.R. No. 173861, July 14, 2014)
Aquino v. Mun. of Malay (G.R. No. 211356. September 29, 2014)
Calagui v. CA (G.R. No. 47518, June 18, 1990, 186 SCRA 564)
Siena Realty Corp. v. Gal-lang (supra, Part II.A.1)
National Artist v. Executive Secretary (G.R. No. 189028, July 16, 2013)
Tesorero v. Mathay (185 SCRA 124)
Dungog v. CA (supra, Part III.W)
Badua v. Cordillera Bodong (G.R. No. 92649, February 14, 1991)
[Tible & Tible Company, Inc. et al. v. Royal Savings and Loan
Association (G.R. No. 155806, April 8, 2008)]
[Wee v. Galvez (supra, Part III.F.5)]
[Republic v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 159275, August 25, 2010)]
[PLDT v. Ocampo (G.R. No. 163999, July 9, 2014)]
[Ad Hoc Fact-Finding v. Desierto (G.R. No. 135703, April 15, 2009
[Republic v. CA (G.R. No. 129846, January 18, 2000)]
[Trajano v. Uniwide Sales (G.R. No. 190253, June 11, 2014)]
[City of Davao v. CA (G.R. No. 200538. August 13, 2014)]
E. Prohibition Rule 65
Manila Prince Hotel v. GSIS (G.R. No. 122156, February 3, 1997)
Francisco v. Fernando (G.R. No. 166501, November 16, 2006)
F. Mandamus Rule 65
PALEA v. PAL (G.R. No. 31396, January 30, 1982)
United Housing v. Dayrit (G.R. No. 76422, January 22, 1990)
Vital-Gozon v. CA (G.R. No. 101428, August 5, 1992)
Municipality of Makati v. CA (G.R. No. 89898-99, October 1, 1990)
Systems Plus v. Local Government (G.R. No. 14638, August 7, 2003)
MMDA v. Concerned Residents of Manila Bay (G.R. Nos. 171947-48,
December 18, 2008)
Eng v. Lee (G.R. No. 176831, January 15, 2010)
23

G. Quo Warranto Rule 66


Moro v. Del Castillo (G.R. No. 184980, March 30, 2011)
[Villanueva v. Rosqueta (G.R. No. 180764, January 19, 2010)]
H. Expropriation Rule 67
R.A. 8974
NAPOCOR v. CA (G.R. No. 106804, August 12, 2004)
Bardillon v. Bgy. Masili (G.R. No. 146886, April 30, 2003)
NPC v. Gutierrez (193 SCRA 1)
Ansaldo v. Tantuico (188 SCRA 300)
[Mactan-Cebu International Airport Authority v. Lozada (G.R. No. 176625,
February 25, 2010)]
[Napocor v. Zabala (G.R. No. 173520, January 30, 2013)]
[Republic v. Heirs of Bautista (G.R. No. 181218, January 28, 2013)]
[Secretary v. Tecson, G.R. No. 179334, July 1, 2013]
[National Power Corporation v. Samar (G.R. No. 197329, September 8,
2014)]
I. Foreclosure of Real Estate Mortgage Rule 68
Rosales v. Alfonso (G.R. No. 137792, August 12, 2003)
Robles v. Yapcinco (G.R. No. 169568, October 22, 2014)
J. Partition Rule 69
Samson v. Sps. Gabor (supra, Part III.T)
K. Forcible Entry and Unlawful Detainer Rule 70
Zacarias v. Anacay (G.R. No. 202354. September 24, 2014)
Laurora v. Sterling (G.R. No. 146815, April 9, 2003)
Villondo v. Quijano (G.R. No. 173606, December 3, 2012)
Mangaser v. Ugay (supra, III.R.5)
Lacap v. Lee (supra, Part III.I)
Macasaet v. Macasaet (G.R. No. 154391-92, September 30, 2004)
[Jakihaca v. Aquino (G.R. No. 83982, January 12, 1990)
[Lim v. Ligon (G.R. No. 183589, June 25, 2014)
[ATO v. CA (G.R. No. 173616, June 25, 2014)]
L. Contempt Rule 71
Igot v. Meralco
Land Bank v. Listana (G.R. No. 152611, August 5, 2003)
Angeles v. CA (G.R. No. 178733. September 15, 2014)
[Silverio, Sr. v. Silverio, Jr. (G.R. No. 186589. July 18, 2014)]

24

Select Procedural Laws


R.A. 7160, secs. 399-422 (Revised Katarungang Pambarangay Law)
R.A. 9285
[Berba v. Pablo (G.R. No.160032, Nov. 11, 2005)]
[Pascual v. Pascual (G.R. No. 157830, Nov. 17, 2005)]
Select Procedural Rules
1991 Revised Rule on Summary Procedure
[Jakihaca v. Aquino (G.R. No. 83982, January 12, 1990]
[Mauleon v. Porter (G.R. No. 203288, July 18, 2014)]
A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC (March 15, 2003)
A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC (March 15, 2003)
SC Adm. Memo. No. 01-2-04
A.M. No. 04-9-07-SC
A.M. No. 02-1-06-SC
SC Circular 2-89
A.M. No. 08-8-7-SC, October 1, 2008 (Rule on Small Claims Cases)
[Lourdes Suites v. Binarao (G.R. No. 204729. August 6, 2014)]
[NOTE:
Under the Constitution Select Procedural Rules for the enforcement and protection of
constitutional rights
A.M. No. 07-9-12-SC 25 (September 25, 2007) (Rule on the Writ of Amparo)
Sec. of National Defense v. Manalo (G.R. (G.R. No. 180906, October 7,
2008)
Tapuz v. Hon. Judge del Rosario (G.R. No. 182484, June 17, 2008)
Rubrico v. Macapagal-Arroyo (G.R. No. 183871, February 18,
2010)
So v. Tacla, Jr., G.R. No. 190108, 190473, October 19, 2010)
A.M. No. 08-1-16-SC (Rule on the Writ of Habeas Data)
Vivares v. St. Theresa's (G.R. No. 202666. September 29, 2014)
A.M. No. 09-6-8-SC (Rules of Procedure for Environmental Cases)
Most Rev. Arigo v. Swift, G.R. No. 206510, September 16, 2014)]
25