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BoogalooWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Boogaloo
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Boogalooorbugal(also:shingaling,Latin
boogaloo,LatinR&B)isagenreofLatinmusicand
dancethatwaspopularintheUnitedStatesinthe1960s.
AlthoughitcametoprominenceaftertheriseofBossa
novaandwasgreatlyinfluencedbythenewdrumbeatof
modernsamba,arguablyoneofthemostremarkable
influencesinpopularmusic,fromthesecondhalfofthe
1950s,boogaloooriginatedinNewYorkCityamong
teenageCubans,PuertoRicans,andothers.Thestylewas
afusionofpopularAfricanAmericanR&Bandsoul,
withmamboandsonmontuno,boogalooemployed
EnglishaswellasSpanishlyrics,andenteredthe
AmericanmainstreamprimarilythroughtheAmerican
Bandstandtelevisionprogram.Boogaloodanceis
distinctfromtheElectricboogaloo,astyleofdance
whichdevelopeddecadeslaterundertheinfluenceof
funkandhiphopdance.

Boogaloo
Stylistic
origins

Thefusionofsoulmusic,
rhythmandblueswithCubanmambo
andson.

Cultural
origins

1960sNewYorkCity

Typical
Piano,conga,trumpet,trombone,
instruments bassguitar,doublebass,
electricguitar,bongos,saxophone,
giro,timbales
Regionalscenes
NewYorkandPuertoRico

Contents
1 History
2 Notablealbums
3 References
4 Externallinks

History
Inthe1950sand'60s,AfricanAmericansintheUnitedStateslistenedtovariousstylesofmusic,including
jumpblues,R&Banddoowop.PuertoRicansinNewYorkCitysharedthesetastes,buttheyalsolistened
togenreslikemamboorchachachandBossaNova.TherewasamixingofPuertoRicans,Cubans,African
Americansandothersinclubs,whosebandstriedtofindcommonmusicalground.Boogaloowasaresult
ofthissearch,amarriageofmanystylesincludingCubansonmontuno,guaguanc,guajira,guaracha,
mambo,andAmericanR&Bandsoul.
Boogaloocanbeseenas"thefirstNuyoricanmusic"(RenLpez),andhasbeencalled"thegreatest
potentialthatCubanrhythmshadtoreallycrossoverintermsofmusic"(IzzySanabria).Styleslikedoo
wopalsoleftasizableinfluence,throughTonyPabn(ofPeteRodrguezBand),BobbyMarn,King
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Nando,JohnnyColnandhisvocalistsTonyRojasandTitoRamos.
Thoughboogaloodidnotbecomemainstreamnationwideuntillaterinthedecade,twoearlyTop20hits
camein1963:MongoSantamara'sperformanceoftheHerbieHancockpieceWatermelonManandRay
Barretto'sElWatusi.Inspiredbythesetwosuccesses,anumberofbandsbeganimitatingtheirinfectious
rhythms(whichwereLatinizedR&B),intensecongarhythmsandclevernoveltylyrics.Boogaloowasthe
onlyCubanstylerhythmwhichacquiredEnglishlyricssomeofthetime.EstablishedCubaninfluenced
orchestrasalsorecordedtheoccasionalboogaloo,includingPrezPrado,TitoRodrguezandTitoPuente.
MostoftheothergroupswereyoungmusicianssomewereteenagerstheLatinSouls,theLatTeens,
Pucho&HisLatinSoulBrothers,JoeBataanandtheLatinaires.
Useofthetermboogalooinreferringtoamusicalstylewasprobablycoinedinabout1966byRichieRay
andBobbyCruz.Thebiggestboogaloohitofthe'60swas"BangBang"bytheJoeCubaSextet,whichsold
overonemillioncopiesin1966.ElPitowasanotherhitbythispopularcombo.Hitsbyothergroups
includedJohnnyColn's"BoogalooBlues",PeteRodrguez's"ILikeItlikeThat",andHctorRivera's"At
theParty".
ThesameyearasJoeCuba'spopsuccess,1966,sawtheclosingofNewYorkCity'sPalladiumBallroom,
whenthevenue,thehomeofbigbandmamboforyears,lostitsliquorlicense.[1]Theclosingmarkedthe
endofmainstreammambo,andboogalooruledtheLatinchartsforseveralyearsbeforesalsabegantotake
over.Atthesametimeseveralotherrhythmicalinventionsweregoingtherounds:thedengue,thejalajala
andtheshingalingwerealloffshootsofthemamboandchachach.[1]
TheoldergenerationofLatinmusicianshavebeenaccusedofusingtheirinfluencetorepresstheyoung
movement,forcommercialreasons.Therewascertainlypressureonbookingagentsbytheestablished
bands.[2]Thecrazewasmostlyoverby1970,perhapsbecauseofthehostilityofestablishedbandsandkey
bookingagentsthereasonisuncertain.AlmosteverymajorandminorLatindanceartistofthetimehad
recordedatleastafewboogaloosontheiralbums.Ithadbeenanintense,ifbrief,musicalmovement,and
themusicisstillhighlyregardedtoday.[2]
TheLatinboogaloobandsweremostlyledbyyoung,sometimeseventeenagemusiciansfromNewYork's
PuertoRicancommunity.Theseincluded,butwerentlimitedto,Bataan,Cuba,BobbyValentn,TheLatin
Souls,TheLatTeens,JohnnyColn,WillieColnandTheLatinaires.Assuch,Latinboogaloocanbeseen
as"thefirstNuyoricanmusic"(RenLpez),andhasbeencalled"thegreatestpotentialthat(Latinos)had
toreallycrossoverintermsofmusic"(IzzySanabria).However,Latinomusiciansandcomposersalso
madeabigcontributiontodoowop.
LatinboogalooalsospreadthroughoutthewiderLatinmusicworld,especiallyinPuertoRico,wheretop
bandElGranComboreleasedmanyboogaloos.LatinmusicscenesinPeru,Colombia,Panamaand
elsewherealsoembracedtheboogaloo.Thoughthedancecrazeonlylasteduntil1968/69,Latinboogaloo
waspopularenoughthatalmosteverymajorandminorLatindanceartistofthetimerecordedatleastafew
boogaloosontheiralbums.Thatincludedboogaloosbylongtimeveteran,mamboeramusicianssuchas
EddiePalmieriandhisAyeQueRicoorTitoPuente'sHittheBongo.
Theboogaloofadedfrompopularitybytheendof1969.[2]p168Whatcausedthefairlyrapidendofthe
boogaloo'sreignisindoubt.Accordingtoseveralsources,jealousolderLatinmusicartistscolludedwith
recordlabels(inparticular,Fania),radioDJs,anddancehallpromoterstoblacklistboogaloobandsfrom
venuesandradio.Alternatively,itwasafadthathadrunoutofsteam.[2]p168Itsdemiseallowedolder
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musicianstomakeacomebackontheNewYorkscene.Theexplosivesuccessofsalsaintheearly1970s
sawformergiantslikePuenteandthePalmieriBrothersreturntothetop,whilemostLatinboogaloobands
wentoutofbusiness(JoeBataanandWillieColnbeingtwonotableexceptions).[3]
LatinboogalooremainspopulartothisdayinCali,Colombia,wherethegenreisplayedextensively,along
withsalsaandpachanga,invariousFMandAMradiostationsandhundredsofdanceclubs.TheCaleos
prefertheirboogaloospedup,from33to45RPM,tomatchthecity'sfastdancestyle.However,theterm
`BoogaloowasusedasthenamefortheKentHarriscomboonthe1955Crest78rpmissue,asby
"BoogalooAndHisGaliantCrew"onthetitles"CopsAndRobbersand"ClothesLine".

Notablealbums
RayBarretto,VivaWatusi!(UALatino,1965)
RicardoRay,Sesolt(Ontheloose)(Tico,1966)
RicardoRay,JalaJalayBoogaloo(Tico,1967)
JoeCubaSextet,Bang!Bang!&Push,push,push(Tico,1967)
PeteRodrguez,"ILikeItLikeThat"(Alegre,1967)
PuchoandHisLatinSoulBrothers,TheBestofPuchoandtheLatinSoulBrothers(Ace,19661970)
JohnnyColn,BoogalooBlues(Fania,1967)
WillieColn,ElMalo(Fania,1967)
JoeyPastrana,Let'sball(Cotique,1967)
ElGranCombo,Boogaloos(Gema,1967)
Bigbadboogaloo:LatinboogaloofromtheBigApple(HarmlessHURTLP044).Doublealbum
compilationincludestheLebrnBrothers,theTicoAllStars,ElGranCombo,JohnnyRiveraand
TheTequilaBrassandPeteRodrguez.JackCostanzo&GerryWoowithCannonballAdderley'sJive
Samba(arranger:HctorRivera)andDianneandCarole'sTheFuzz(writtenandarrangedbyLouie
Ramrez)arestandouts.
WillieRodriguez,AttheHappening(Fonseca,1965)

References
1. Steward,Sue1999.Salsa:themusicalheartbeatofLatinAmerica.Thames&Hudson,London.p60
2. Roberts,JohnStorm.1979.TheLatinTinge.Oxford.
3. Flores,Juan(2000)."ChaChaWithaBackBeat."FromBombatoHipHop:PuertoRicanCultureandLatino
Identity.ColumbiaUniversityPress.p.107.

4)Boggs,VernonW.(19391994)Salsiology(PublishedbyExcelsiorMusicPub.Co.,1992)ISBN0
935016635

Externallinks
Salsaroots.comarticle:"Boogalu"(http://www.salsacrazy.com/salsaroots/boogalu.htm)
BuscaSalsaarticle(http://www.buscasalsa.com/article.php3?id_article=6)
Articlein"TheParisReview":"FaniaatFifty:TheRiseofaSalsaEmpireandtheFallofBoogaloo"
(http://www.theparisreview.org/blog/tag/faniarecords/)
Retrievedfrom"https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Boogaloo&oldid=683126118"
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Categories: 20thcenturymusicgenres Cubanmusic PuertoRicanmusic Mambo


Noveltyandfaddances LatinAmericanmusic Rhythmandbluesmusicgenres Soulmusicgenres
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