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201

Mammillaria bertholdii (Photo by Thomas Linzen)

In the 1970s a plant was collected


at Hwy. Federal 40 `MazatlanDurango (Lau 1143), and was
named
in
the
first
instance
Echinocereus
scheeri
var.
koehresianus (Frank 1988). In the
1990s close related plants were
discovered in the Santa Ana area in
the triangle border region where
Sinaloa-Durango- Chihuahua meet.
They have been considered to be
close to Echinocereus ortegae. As a
result a name change was published:
Echinocereus
ortegae
ssp.
koehresianus
(Frank
&
Rischer
1996).

An intractable problem:
Echinocereus ortegae by
Michael Lange & Werner
Rischer.
Echinocereus koehresianus at Rio Piaxtla (photo Dr.-J.M.-Chalet)

Xerophilia

12

April

In that location, they could find


hundreds of plants in small pits,
almost entirely filled with water.
Otherwise, the location is in good
condition with a very high density of
plants, but the space occupied by
them is small, only a few square
meters.
Finally, we made some shots, under
the rain complicating things even
more and I turned wet, but happy
that we have seen in habitat this
rare species, knowing that it is
healthy. We had to wait for this event
so long because such situations, as
the one I caught in this pictorial, are
repeated almost annually.

Mammillaria
perezdelarosae
ssp.
Andersoniana by Ricardo
Daniel Raya Sanchez.
Mammillaria perezdelarosae ssp. andersoniana

Xerophilia

13

June

Plant mostly solitary, dark brownishgreen, with a waxy, ashy-grey surface;


rootstock turnipshaped; mature stem
1525cm diameter, flattened, never
more than 1418cm high. Ribs 1416,
central spines 2, one directed
downwards and the other upwards,
thus forming a letter 'V'; radial spines
8, spreading, flattened to the body,
amberyellow to dark brown; areoles
woolly, pale to deep yellow, set above
tubercles. Flowers pale yellow, 2
2.5cm diameter, with short and fleshy
perianth segments. The plant often
flowers
almost
entirely
hidden
underground, in more or less dense,
sandy soil, into which the long divided
root penetrates. Ovary spherical,
Two
new
possible
flattened, 1cm
diameter. Seeds
small,
brownish, 11mm.
subspecies
in the genus

Copiapoa
by
Piombetti.
Copiapoa longistaminea ssp. imperialis

Xerophilia

Andrea
14

To the west of the small town, at the


foothills of the Serrania Robor
Santiago, you can admire the first
populations of Frailea chiquitana.
The species was found by Prof.
Martin Crdenas in 1949, in the
mountains of Santiago. In 1963 Curt
Backeberg
described
Frailea
pullispina, which occurs from the
same site. According to the current
knowledge it can be assumed that
there is a renewed description of
Frailea chiquitana.

Frailea chiquitana at the foothills of the Serrania Robor


Santiago

From Santa Cruz to Puerto


Suarez eastward - a trip to
the Bolivian lowlands until
the Brazilian border by
Volker Schdlich.
Xerophilia

15

Little
by
little
we
approach
Chinamada, we are now at about
700 masl and we noticed on the
rocky walls two other Monanthes
species, very similar at first sight,
that could be either Monanthes
brachycaulon (Webb & Berthelot) A.
Lowe or simply just Monanthes
wildpretii, we photographed them
repeatedly to be able to compare
the
images
when
convenient.
Together with them we also found, in
the more humid spots Aichyson
pachycaulon
ssp.
immaculatum
(Webb ex Christ) Bramw.

Monanthes brachycaulon, Chimanada, Tenerife

Botanical excursion to
Monte de las Mercedes in
Chinamada
and Taganana, Tenerife &
Canary Island by Massimo
Afferni.

These plants are easy to locate due


to the white colour of their spines,
and stand in contrast with the rest of
the environment. Spines form a
dense cover that protects the plant
and the long and hooked central
spines
are
easily
observed.
Depending if the plants are in a
position where they receive direct
sunlight or not, spination will vary
slightly; individuals with a much
denser spination in places where
they receive plenty of sunshine are
observed, making it difficult to see
the stem of the plant, on the other
hand, when the plants are positioned
in the shade, show a less dense
spination, and showing a greater
degree of the green stem of the
Mammillaria
senilis in
plant.

Baborigame by Ricardo
Ramirez Chaparro.
Mammillaria senilis

Xerophilia 13 June 2015

These plants grow in pine-oak


forests in this locality in very humid
and rocky places. Generally they are
found near little streams or creeks,
growing on the vertical steep rocks,
that are adjacent to the creeks,
where plants tend to form colonies,
it also grows on the top of those big
rock formations with abundant
organic matter, lichen, and mosses,
although they can also be found
growing in big groups on the forest
floor, where shade may be provided
by the big trees surrounding the
colonies, those trees may also
provide more organic matter and
debris that serve as substrate and
nutrients for the plants. Roots
Echeveria
chihuahuaensis,
adhere to this organic
soil and to the
walls
of the
rocks which
work as a
a
true
star
by Ricardo
support for the plant.

Ramirez Chaparro .
Echeveria chihuahuaensis, growing between lichens in
Baborigame,

Xerophilia
14
November 2015

The Myrmecodias here are in


exceptional
condition
and
are
frequently very close to viewers,
permitting
excellent
photo
opportunities. There is a selection of
orchid species and a few other
epiphytes. Add to this the marine
fauna such as mudskippers and
hermit crabs as well as occasional
birds unique to this ecosystem.
Furthermore, if one is quiet, one may
possibly sight a small crocodile down
below in saltwater Middle Creek off
the northern walkway, which is the
better of the two. A popular host tree
is
Xylocarpus
moluccensis
a
deciduous (leafless) species through
the
shorter days of beccarii
the dry season.
Myrmecodia
- a
Winter is not a very useful word here
pictorial appraisal including
in the tropics.

Myrmecodia beccarii northern form, Trinity Beach


Walkway, Northern Cairns.

epiphytic
companion
species (part 2) by Derrick
Rowe.
Xerophilia

15

The real collection was started in


1992-93, during this period I met
two cactus collectors in my town,
and I started to buy named plants
from them (until then I had no idea
of their scientific names), starting
afterwards to label all my plants and
proceeded to a more in-depth
research (knowing this time what
kind of plants I had), or trying to
identify the plants I had for a long
time but remained unidentified.
Thats how my collection was started
and how the pursuit of cacti
began. I collected in time all the
cacti I liked, the aesthetics being an
essential criterion (spination, shape,
and colour).

Why cacti? by Zsolt Mihail


Demeter.
Mammillaria luethyi

Xerophilia
2015

12

April

In southern Dobrogea, Sedum urvillei


was located in the Cascaia area, and
the natural island formed on the
Hagieni water flow, which has its
sources in the forest with the same
name. Here, the plants meet and
grow in an area covered with
Sarmatian limestones, generally on
exposed cliffs facing west and
northwest.
The species has also been located
south of Romania, in Bulgaria, also in
a Sarmatian limestone habitat, on
the Kaliakra Peninsula, just at Cape
Kaliacra, about 5 km inwards from
the Black Sea.

Sedum urvillei growing on limestone, Hagieni,


Dobrogea, Romania

Sedum urvillei & Sedum


reflexum from the natural
rezerve of Hagieni by
Mihai Ionescu.
Xerophilia

13

June

After a few kilometres we stopped


again and we split as we climbed a
rocky hill. Near the hilltop, under
bushes,
I
found
Mammillaria
longiflora, while my friend, a little
below, found the first Mammillaria
senilis growing over a boulder
amidst pine trees. We finally reached
the hilltop, where we saw a nice
clump of Mammillaria senilis and
Mammillaria saboae ssp. roczekii
again, this time with flowers fully
open.

Mammillaria longiflora

At this point we had made our day,


and we decided to take the long
route to return to the highway,
rather than doing the same road we
came from. This proved to be a bad
decision,
sinceWeek
we wasted
a lot of
The Holy
in Mexico
time taking wrong or closed roads.
(Part
1)
by
Aldo
Even worse, at a certain point the
Delladdio.
car
stopped.

Xerophilia

14

Pterocactus fischeri Britton &


Rose. With the segments somewhat
larger than the two last species,
from 2 cm in diameter to 10 cm in
height. Spines allways present: 12 or
more radial, white or yellow papery
central spine, sometimes black
tipped, dull, straight or swirled, 3 to
4 cm long. Numerous glochids are
also present. It has yellow, pink or
fuchsia apical flowers. It is a highly
variable specie and the most
frequent to find in this region.

Pterocactus fischeri, the yellow spined form, at Villa


Puente Picn Leuf, Neuqun

The joy of hunting and


shooting
Pterocactus in
habitat
by Carolina
Gonzlez .
Xerophilia

15

Xerophilia could not have been around without the kind


support of all who sent us articles, photos, drawings, or
helped us with translations and advice for the four
regular issues and the four special issues released in
2015: Alexandru Tar, Romania; Alina Mitric, Romania;
Andrea Piombetti, Italy; Attila Kapitany, Australia;
Benjamin
Sklavos,
Greece;
Carolina
Gonzlez,
Argentina; Claudia Lpez Martnez, Mexico; Csar Cant,
Mexico; Claudio A. Flores Lince, Mexico; Cristian Prez
Badillo, Mexico; Daniel Guillot Ortiz, Spain; Derrick
Rowe, New Zealand; Ghasuan Hamedi, Switzerland;
Grzegorz Matuszewski, Poland; Francisco Moreno,
Mexico; Frank Torzinski, Germany;
Gabriel Milan
Garduno, Mexico; Hkan Snnermo, Sweden; Hanna E.
Hansen, Denmark; Ionu Mihai Floca, Romania; Javier
Mera Rangel, Mexico; Jovana Jaime Hernandez, Mexico;
Jordi Lopez Pujol, Spain; Jose Arturo De-Nova , Mexico;
Jos F. Daz-Salm, Mexico; Karl Ravnaas, Norway; Lacy
Szanto , Romania; Leccinum J. Garca-Morales, Mexico;
Leo Rodriguez , Mexico; Lucian Constantin Vlad,
Romania;
Manuel "Melo" Salazar Gonzlez, Mexico;
Marlon Machado, Brazil; Massimo Afferni, Italy; Mario
AlbertoValdz Marroqun, Mexico; Martin Tversted Ravn,
Denmark; Mt Fehr, Hubgary; Michael Lange,
Germany; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Botello, Mexico;Mihai
Ionescu, Romania; Noelene Tomlison, Australia; Norbert
Toth, Hungary; Pedro Castillo-Lara, Mexico; Piet van der
Meer, Spain; Ricardo Ramirez Chaparro, Mexico; Ricardo
Daniel Raya Sanchez , Mexico; Sandy Karina Neri
Cardona, Mexico; Stefan Nitzschke, Germany; Thomas
Linzen, Germany; Tim Nitzschke, Germany; Titus Simen,
Romania; Vlad Zimer, New Zealand; Volker Schdlich,
Germany; Werner Rischer, Germany; Wolfgang Blum,
Germany; Zolt Mihail Demeter, Romania.

Saguaro National Park, Arizona, USA


(photo by Csar Cant )