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Q&A questions to be answered on the Physics 15b website before 11pm on Monday, March 7: 5QA-1. Purcell? Which pair of numbers below is a good answer to the two questions in Problem 4.6 in A: B: C: 256/81 and 4 2 2 4

64/27 and 16/9 and

D: 4/3 and E: 5QA-2.

None of the above.

Which answer below is the best answer to Problem 4.16 in Purcell? √ A : R1 = ( 5 − 1)R0 /2 √ B: R1 = R0 / 3 √ C : R1 = ( 3 − 1)R0 D: R1 = R0 E : None of the above.

In addition, there are some survey questions and feedback questions.

1

Problems due at the beginning of class on Thursday, March 10 — 5-1. Problem 4.21 in Purcell.

In the circuit, all ﬁve resistors have the same value, 100 ohms, and each cell has an electromotive force of 1.5 volts. Find the open-circuit voltage and the short-circuit current for the terminals A and B. Then ﬁnd E0 and R0 for the Th´ venin equivalent e circuit. 5-2. Problem 4.32 in Purcell.

Some important kinds of networks are inﬁnite in extent. The ﬁgure shows a chain of series and parallel resistors stretching off endlessly to the right. The line at the bottom is the resistanceless return wire for all of them. This is sometimes called an attenuator chain, or a ladder network. The problem is to ﬁnd the “input resistance,” that is, the equivalent resistance between terminals A and B. Our interest in this problem mainly 2

concerns the method of solution, which takes an odd twist and which can be used in other places in physics where we have an iteration of identical devices (even in inﬁnite chain of lenses in optics). The point is that the input resistance which we do not yet know — call it R — will not be changed by adding a new set of resistors to the front of the chain to make it one unit longer. But now, adding this section, we see that this new input resistance is just R1 in series with the parallel combination of R2 and R. We get immediately an equation that can be solved for R. Show that, if voltage V0 is applied at the input to such a chain, the voltage at successive nodes decreases in a geometric series. What ratio is required for the resistors to make the ladder an attenuator that halves the voltage at every step? Obviously a truely inﬁnite ladder would not be practical. Can you suggest a way to terminate it after a few sections without introducing any errors in its attenuation? 5-3.

. ...• ...... ...... .... ...... .............. •............ •. .... . . . . . . . Q0 . . . •••••.•••• •••••••••• ••••••••• ••••••••• • C1 . •••••.•••• •••••••••• ••••••••• ••••••••• • . . . . . . . . . . ...................................................................

.................................................................. . .

R1

In the circuit shown above, capacitor C1 has charge Q0 on the upper plate and capacitor C2 is uncharged and no current is ﬂowing. At time t = 0, the switch is closed. a. Find the charge Q on capacitor C1 as a function of time.

.......R....... . . .. .

2

. . . . . . . . . . . •••••.•••• •••••••••• ••••••••• ••••••••• • C2 ••••••••••••••••••• . •••••••••• ••••••••• . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...........................................

b. Find the energy stored in each capacitor and the power dissipated in each resistor as functions of t. 5-4. A standard physics joke starts “Consider a spherical cow ...” In this problem, we consider a spherical resistor. 5-4a. Suppose a conducting sphere of radius a is centered at the origin and surrounded by material with conductivity σ out to radius b. At radius b, the whole thing is covered with another conductor. Now we attach leads to the inner and outer conductors and measure the resistance. What do we get? Assume that somehow we can attach the lead to the inner conductor without disturbing the nice spherical symmetry of the system. 5-4b. Use the result of part 5-4a to ﬁnd an approximate value for the resistance of a system of two spherical conductors with radii a and b in an inﬁnite sea of material with conductivity σ, where the distance d between the conductors is very large compared to a and b, and explain any approximations you make. 3

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