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Reference QuenchProbe

Equipment for in-situ Determination of Cooling Characteristics of


Quenchants by Cooling Curve Analysis
Reference QuenchProbe is a result of research conducted at IIT Madras in the past 12 years. Six
research theses; four research projects; ten International Refereed Journal papers; eighteen International
and National Conference / Symposium / Workshop papers have been published so far, related to the
technology of Reference QuenchProbe.

Cylindrical alloy steel probe (Same grade as component): For EXACT cooling rates with specific steel
grade and quenchant combination
Unique probe design: Single temperature measured near the surface
Advanced heat transfer software: Calculation of cooling rates at surface and core of specimen from
measurement at one point
Metallurgical analysis: Microstructure and Hardness prediction at surface and core of specimen

With a single temperature measurement

Temperature at 4 mm from surface


(C)

Cooling rates with different quenchants for


SS specimen 25 mm diameter

1000
800
600

Polymer

400

DaphneOil

200

Oil 44

Benefits:

Brine

0
0

50

100

Compute cooling characteristics of quenchants


Compute cooling rate variation at the surface and
core
Compute microstructure variation at the surface and
core
Compute hardness variation at the surface and core
Compute effect of agitation
Select the most suitable quenchant for the steel

150

Cooling Rate (C/s)

Computed microstructure distribution in


C45 quenched in Oil

17%
55%

28%

Ferrite
Pearlite

Bainite

Estimate the heat transfer coefficient during


quenching
In-situ measurement of quenching capacity of
different quenching mediums
Check the health of quenchants with continued use
Check the effect of agitation level/flow
rate/quenching position in the tank
Check the effect of contamination in quenchants
(water in oil; polymer in oil etc.)
Inspection of quenchants in as-received condition

Steel Heat Treatment Analysis (TmmFE)


Steel Heat Treatment Analysis (TmmFE) is Finite element software for simulating heat treatment process
and its metallurgical implications at virtual sensor locations considering steel properties and TTT diagram.
The mathematical model will be built based upon the customer specific steel and quenchant combination
to calculate temperature contours and metallurgical implications at different points of the component
hence giving the accurate results.
The TTT diagram and material properties of customer specific steel will be taken into account for the
analysis thereby increasing the accuracy of the output results.

Applications:
Steel Casting Heat Treatment
Steel Forging Heat Treatment
Heat Treatment of machined components
Benefits:
Cooling Rate Curves at different locations
Compute Microstructure variation at different locations
Estimate the Hardness at different locations
Simulation of Temperature contour for complete heat
treatment process from heating to quenching
Transferring time data is also considered for calculations
Simulate actual component virtually before conducting
the manufacturing process, thereby saving cost of
destructive testing

ASTM QuenchProbe
Equipment for Standard Tests for the Determination of Cooling
Characteristics of Quenchants by Cooling Curve Analysis as per ASTM
D6200-01(For Quench Oils) and as per ASTM D6482-06(For Aqueous
Polymer Quenchants with Agitation)
Applications:
Measurement of quenching capacity of different quenching
mediums (oils, polymer solutions etc) as per ASTM D6200-01 for
ease of comparison of data worldwide
Selection of proper quenchant based on comparison of different
quenchants
Check the health of quenchants with continued use
Check the effect of agitation on cooling rates
Check the effect of contamination in quenchants (water in oil;
polymer in oil etc.)
Inspection of quenchants in as-received condition

InverseSOLVER
InverseSOLVER is based on a serial algorithm for the
Inverse Heat Conduction Problem (IHCP) developed
to estimate the individual flux components at the
unknown boundary. In many practical problems the
surface conditions are not known a-prior. In such
cases the surface conditions will have to be
estimated under simulated or laboratory
conditions.
Applications:
Estimation of heat flux on the heat shields during re-entry of space vehicles for the Indian Space Research
Estimation of space and time varying multiple heat flux components at the metal-mold interface during net
shape casting of continuous casting of steel, for a consortium of steel companies
Estimation of space and time varying multiple heat flux components (six components along the mold wall) at
the metal-mold interface during continuous casting of thin steel slabs and filling in aluminum die casting
Estimation of metal-mold interface heat flux during die casting of cast iron moulds for a leading foundry
Estimation of heat flux due to the welding arc during TIG welding
Estimation of heat flux during quenching of steel specimens
Estimation of heat flux at the metal-mold interface corners of solidifying aluminum bars and slabs
Estimation of heat flux on the plasma facing components in the Tokomak.

Projects and Services

Quenchant Testing
Heat treatment Simulations
Finite Element Thermal Analysis
Manufacturing cost reduction program
Supplier Qualification process for OEM
Lean and Sixsigma consulting
QICR- Quality Improvement Cost Reduction
QRQC - Quick response Quality Control
Project Management- Green field & Brown field projects
SMT (Self Managed Team) techniques at shop floor level. It improves team culture, productivity
improvement, customer satisfaction and improved motivation to employees
QMS (Quality Management System) implementation for automotive industry component suppliers

About Us
ProVaC Manufacturing Technologies Pvt. Ltd. is a "ONE-SHOP STOP" of advanced technology solutions to
various industrial challenges and delivers what it promises.
ProVaC is an integration of Research & Development, Industrial expertise and project management(Green
field and Brown field projects) expertise by Doctrates, Industrial experts, Managers and Engineers. With
dedicated application of mind and experience, we have generated complex products which delivers simple
solution for industrial production issues.
Our basic philosophy is to get integrated into customer process seamlessly and bring the value-added
solutions using advanced Finite element analysis, Mathematical modeling, Development of customised
software tools, manufacturing process simulation, thereby ultimately reducing delivery cost to customer.
We support to various industrial platforms like commercial heat treaters, Quenchant suppliers, Auto,
Aerospace, Railways, Earth moving equipment manufacturers, Defense sector, casting, forging, sheet
metal, machine tool industries, Research institutes, Technical colleges and many more.

Contact Us:
ProVaC Manufacturing Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
Regd. Office: #1176, 11th Cross,
22nd B main Road, Sector 1,
H.S.R. Layout, Bangalore-560102

Corporate Office: #1109, 26th B Main Road,


9th Block, Jayanagar, Bangalore-560069

ARJUN N
Mobile: +91-9035553216
Email: arjun@provactech.com

MUKUNDA NAIB
Mobile: +91-8553467680
Email: mukunda@provactech.com