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Review of public regulation

related to livestock and the


environment
Luong Nhat Minh

Ha Bnh 09/04/2015

Law and legal documents related to the


environment and the livestock sector in
Vietnam
1) Primary legislation law

Environment protection Law 2014

Ordnance on Animal Health in 2004

Decret 179/2013/ND-CP on

2) Specific regulation

constitution
trait
internationaux

a) Ministry level

Circular: 27/2011/TT-BNNPTNT: Regulation on criteria of commercial farm

QCVN /BNNPTNT; National technical regulation (hygiene inspection and evaluation procedure)

QCVN 01 : 14: 2010/BNNPTNT: National technical regulation conditions for Biosecurity of pig farms

QCVN 01:15:2010/BNNPTNT:: National technical regulation conditions for Biosecurity of poultry farm

QCVN 01:39: 2011/ BNNPTNT: water quality used for livestock production

QCVN 01:25: 2009/ BNNPTNT related to waste management of the slaughter house

QCVN 24: 2009/ BTNMT; wastewater quality

..

Lois - Parlement

Gouvernement

Ministries

b) Provincial level

48/2011/QD-UBND Dong Nai - regulation of livestock activities in Dong Nai province

Provinces

Voluntary standard : VietGAP , iso

Pyramid of Kelsen

Regulations in pig value chain

Regulations

Regulations

Input Supply

Production

Regulations

Collection

Processing

Quarantine
regulations

Wholesale
and Retail

Quarantine
regulations

Consumption

Type of farms
Resolution 03/2000/NQ-CP on commercial farm
Circular 27/2011/ MARD: criteria of commercial farm

* income of farm > 1.000 millions VND/year

VS

8.5 million
Family farm
-chn nui nng h
-chn nui h gia inh

20.000
Commercial farm
-Chn nui tp trung
-Kinh t trang tri

Type of Farms

Dong Nai province : Decision 48/2011/ UBND : regulations related to livestock farming
2 types of farm
+ Commercial pig farm : > 1000 millions VND/year
and herd size > 30 sows , > 100 pigs
+ Familly farm

-> Objective : support loans for commercial farm : Decree 41/2010/N-CP

Long An province : Decision 21/2014 : regulations related to environmental protection of


livestock farming.
3 types of farm :
+ Familly farm : < 50 head

+ Medium farm : 50-1000 head


+ Large scale farm : >1000 head

Familly Farm in Dong Nai


Decision of 1947/ MARD : promulgation process of good husbandry practices
for pig farming.
ng Nai Province :
Decision 48/2011/UBND N: regulations related to livestock farming
General
no precise sanctions
Difficult to make a sanction due to the absence of the monitoring system
Inspection : Environmental Polices or DARD officers or DARD officers ?

Commercial Farm in Dong Nai


Ministry level : QCVN 01- 14: 2010/BNNPTNT national technical regulation
conditions for biosecurity of pig farm
Province level Dong Nai : Decision 48/2011/UBND
weak coordination between QCVN 01:14 and Decision 48/2011/UBND
commitment to environmental assessment

Inspection and Sanction

Evaluation

- QCVN 01 - 79: 2011/BNNPTNT Cattle and poultry farm- hygiene inspection


and evaluation procedure .
-

QCVN 40/2011 BTNMT (MONRE) : quality of waste-water

Sanction

+ Familly farm : will not receive support ( e.g vaccination)


+ Commercial farm : Decree 179/2013/ND-CP rgulations of administrative
sanction in environmental protection

Tvn 678-2006 MARD vs QCVN-40:2011MONRE


QCVN
40:2011/
MONRE

30
75
0.2
2
3
5
20

Conclusion

Ambiguity in terms and definitions


Strengthen the coordination between the ministries
Regulations need to be improved
Enhance monitoring system
Extension service aids in construction and pen design (planning)

Cm n