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Inverse Square Law Problems

1. The intensity of light from a lamp fixture is 900 millilumens per second, at a distance of 5 metres. What
is the intensity, of this light at 15 metres?
2. The intensity of x-radiation exposing an image receptor is 100 mR at a distance of 25cm. What will the
intensity of radiation be if the image receptor is moved to a distance of 100 cm?
3. The intensity of light from a reading lamp is 500millilumens at a distance of 30 metres. What is the
intensity of this light at a 10.0 metre distance?
4. A given technical factor on an x-ray machine will yield an exposure of 160 mR on a radiation meter
which is placed at a distance of 40 inches from the x-ray tube. If the radiation meter is moved to a
distance of 10 inches from the x-ray tube, what exposure will be recorded by the radiation meter?
5. The intensity of radiation from a radioactive source is 900 mR at a distance 20 metres. At what distance
will the intensity of radiation be reduced to 6.25 mR?
6. A radiographer standing 5 feet from a patient being radiographed on an x-ray table is exposed to 200
mR of scattered radiation. What will the radiographers exposure be if she moves to a distance of 15 feet
from the patient?
7. Luminance is a measure of the brightness or intensity of light being emitted from a source such as a
light bulb. Luminance can be measured using a photometer calibrated in the unit nit. At a distance of 9
inches, the luminance of a radiographic viewbox is 1500 nit. What will the luminance be at a distance of
3 inches?
8. At a distance of 100 cm, the exposure from a radioactive substance is measured at 450 mR. What will
the exposure be at a distance of 20 cm?
9. A radiologist performing an examination is exposed to 25 mR of scattered radiation standing 3 feet from
the patient. What will be the radiologists exposure be if she moves to 12 feet from the patient?
10. Karen measures the sound intensity at a distance of 5.0 m from a lawn-mower to be 3.0x10-2 W.m-2.
Assuming that the lawn-mower acts as a point sound source and ignoring the effects of reflection and
absorption, what is the total power of the sound emitted by the mower?
11. If the sound intensity 3.0 m from a sound source is 4.0x10-6 W.m-2, what is the intensity at:
(a) 1.5 m from the source?
(b) 12 m from the source?
12. A siren produces a sound intensity level of 90 dB at a distance of 8.0 m. Assume that the siren acts as a
point source of sound.
dB=10 log 10

( 10I )
12

dB
12 )
(
I =10 10

where I is the intensity measured in W.m2.

a) What is the sound intensity at a distance of 8.0 m from the siren?


b) What is the power of the sound emitted by the siren?
c) How much sound energy does the siren produce in 1.0 min?
d) What is the sound intensity level at a distance of 16 m from the siren?