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Composite Beam Example

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Example 1-1

Given:

A series of 45-ft. span composite beams at 10 ft. o/c are carrying the loads shown below. The beams are ASTM

A992 and are unshored. The concrete has / c ^ 4 ksi. Design a typical floor beam w i t l ( 3 ^ ^ ^ 8 gage composite deck,

and 4!/2 in. normal weight concrete above the deck, for fire protection and mass. Selep? an appropriate beam and

determine the required number of shear studs.

5'-0 N.T.S.

f.

5'-0 N.T.S.

JCO

Solution:

Material Properties:

Concrete

f[ = 4 ksi

Beam

Manual

Table 2-3

Fu = 65 ksi

Fy = 50 ksi

Loads:

Dead load:

Slab

= 0.075 kip/ft^

Beam weight = 0.008 kip/ft^

Miscellaneous = 0.010 kip/ft^

(assumed)

(ceiling etc.)

Live load:

Non-reduced-0.10 kips/ft^ '

Since each beam is spaced at 10 ft. o.c.

Total dead load

Total live load

= 0.10 kip/ft^( 1 Oft.) = 1.00 kips/ft..

Construction live load (unshored) - 0.020 kip/ft^(10 ft) = 0.20 kips/ft

=

^

0,0OS^lF(\oFt

0.

1-7

LRFD

Wu = 1.2(0.93 kip/ft) + 1.6(1.0 kip/ft)

= 2.72 kip/fl

2.72kip/ft(45ft)^ ^687kip-ft.

8

^

ASD

w = 0.93 kip/ft+1.0 kip/ft

= 1.93 kip/ft

^^1.93kip/fl(45ft)^43^^.p_^^

8

Use Tables 3-19, 3-20 and 3-21 from the Manual to select an appropriate member

Determine bejf

The effective width of the concrete slab is the sum of the effective widths for each side of the

beam centerline, which shall not exceed:

(1) one-eighth of the beam span, center to center of supports

11.3 ft.

^0)=

1 ^ ( 2 ) = 10.0ft. C ^ t r ^

^ ^ ^ . ^ y^:^

Section

1.3.1.1a

Not applicable

Calculate the moment arm for the concrete force measured from the top of the steel shape, Yl.

Assume a = 1.0 in. (Some assumption must be made to start the design process. An assumption

of 1.0 in. has proven to be a reasonable starting point in many design problems.)

Y2 = tsiab-al2

1.5-V2

Enter Manual Table 3-19 with the required strength and 72=7.0 in. Select a beam and neutral

axis location that indicates

sufficient available

available strength.

strength. ^J[^

^J[^ ^2.l, ^2*

Ltes sufficient

uI^^T J T ^ W

ial beam.

LRFD

ct)z,M= 770 kip-ft > 687 kip-ft

o.k.

ASD

MJQ.b = 512 kip-ft > 489 kip-ft

^

o.k.

load ratio in this example is not equal to 3. Thus, the PNA location requiring the most shear

transfer is selected to be acceptable for ASD. It will be conservative for LRFD.

Manual Table

3-19

^'^^

"^^'"^ ^

Manual

Table 3-19

^OK

1-8

Check the deflection o f the beam under construction, considering only the weight of concrete as

contributing to the construction dead load.

Limit deflection to a maximum o f 2.5 in. to facilitate concrete placement.

5 ^

/4

384 E ^

From Manual Table 3-20, a W21x50 has f = 984 in.^, therefore this member does not satisfy the

deflection criteria under construction.

^ ^

Using Manual Table 3-20, revise the trial member selection to a W21x55,

which has = 1140 in."^, as noted in parenthesis below the shape designation.

Check selected member strength as an un-shored beam under construction

ASD

LRFD

Calculate the required

IADL

loads assuming

strength

DL+LL

strength

= 1.32klf

\2DL^\.6LL

1.03kips/ft(45ft)^

1.31kip/ft(45ft)^

^w(unshored)

=331kip-ft

MJT (unshored)

= 260 kip-ft

W21x55 is 473 kip-ft > 331 kip-ft

W 2 1 X 5 5 is 314 kip-ft > 260 kip-ft

o.k.

o.k.

For a W21x55 with 72=7.0 i n , the member has sufficient available strength when the PNA is at

location 6 and|Zg^= 292 k i p s j

Y|

7. ^7 \

ASD

LRFD

^bMr,=161 kip-ft > 687 kip-ft

Check a

^_

^eC^h^B

i g

0.85 fb

(T

Manual

Table 3-19

o.k.

u/A$

MfQt

o.k.

Manual

Table 3-19

292kips

7

A

<

o.k.

^LL < 1/360 = ((45 ft.)(12 in./ft))/360 = 1.5 i n . ^

.

A

Manual Table 3-20.

0 > C s^Auu^ !

0

0 0

Manual Table

3-20

For a W Z l x55 with Y2=1S) and the PNA at location 6, IIB = 2440 in.''

w,f

= 1.30 in.

384 EI^j, ~

1.30 in. < 1.5 in.

o.k.

ASD

LRFD

Manual

Table 3-3

U , - ' ^ ^ ^ ^ ( l . 9 3 k i p / f t ) - 4 3 . 4 kips

F = ^ ( 2 . 7 2 k i p / f t ) = 61.2 kips

(t)F;,= 234 kips > 61.2 kips

o.k.

o.k.

Using perpendicular deck with one

concrete. g = 17.2 kips/stud

292 kips

=

a

17.2 kips

y4-in.

Manual Table

"X"

3-21

^p^^O<0?

u

^.u u

= 17, on each side o f the beam.

Section 3.2d(5)

Section 3.2d(6)

Since each flute is 12 in., use one stud every flute, starting at each support, and proceed for 17

studs on each end o f the span.

^dstud<

Section

T^r(b)

12 in. < Ztsiab, therefore, the shear stud spacing requirements are met.-

Th^ studs are to be 5 in. long, so that they w i l l extend a minimum o f 1 l ^ i n . into slab.

Of.

jh_(A>

<^ TO

(^Q,

or srt^i>^

tXt^CTTo'd

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