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ECE/EIE

III SEMESTER

ELECTRICAL MACHINES

(ECE effective from the admitted batch 200708 onwards)

(EIE effective from the admitted batch 200809)

Time: 3 Hours

Max.Marks: 60

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Instructions: Each Unit carries 12 marks.

Answer all units choosing one question from each unit.

All parts of the unit must be answered in one place only.

Figures in the right hand margin indicate marks allotted.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------UNIT-I

1. a) Deduce from first principles the e.m.f. equation of a DC

generator.

b) A dc shunt generator gives an open-circuit voltage of 240V.

When loaded, the terminal Voltage falls to 220V. Determine

the load current in case armature-circuit and field winding

resistances are 0.1 and 50 respectively neglect the effect

of armature reaction.

OR

is called back e.m.f..

are unmarked. How would you identify the field and armature

terminals?

armature of a 6-pole wave wound motor having 492 conductors,

30 mwb per pole when the total armature current is 40A.

4

UNIT-II

3. a) Explain the working of a transformer at no load and full load

conditions with phasor diagrams.

full load copper loss of 1600 watts. Find the efficiently of

the transformer at 50% full load at (i) upf and (ii) 0.8 pf

lagging.

OR

b) Derive an expression for the e.m.f. induced in a transformer

winding. Show that e.m.f. per turn in primary is equal to e.m.f.

per turn in secondary.

c) A 11000 / 2200 V, 100KVA, 1-phase two winding transformer

is to be used as an auto transformer by connecting the two

windings in series. Give the possible values of voltage ratios

and KVA outputs.

UNIT-III

5. a) Describe constructional features of both squirrel-case induction

motor and slip-ring induction motor. Discuss the merits of one

over the other.

is 1.25 times full-load torque and a maximum torque which is

2.5 times full-load torque. Neglecting stator resistance and

rotational losses and assuming constant rotor resistance, find:

i) The slip at full-load ii) The slip at maximum torque

iii) The rotor current at starting in per unit of full-load rotor

current.

OR

working at rated voltage and frequency.

proportional to torque when operating near synchronous speed.

at 960 r.p.m. on full-load. If it takes 80A on direct on line

switching, find the ratio of starting torque to full-load torque

when started by star-delta starter, taking efficiency 95% and

p.f. 0.834.

UNIT-IV

7. a) Explain the constructional features of ALTERNATOR.

expression for e.m.f. induced in an alternator.

OR

conditions of motoring or generating in a synchronous machine. 6

b) A 550V, 55KVA, 1-phase alternator has an effective armature

resistance of 0.2 and a synchronous reactance of 2.25 .

Calculate the voltage regulation at full-load 0.8 p.f. leading.

UNIT-V

9. a) Explain the constructional features of stepper motor and its

principle of operation.

b) What are the applications of Universal Motor.

8

4

OR

motor. Draw the torque slip characteristics.

b) Give principle of operation of capacitor start Induction motor.

6

6

[4,6/IIIS/109]

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